BYuT: Wikis

Advertisements

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

Advertisements
(Redirected to Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc
Блок Юлії Тимошенко
Leader Yulia Tymoshenko
Founded February 9, 2001 (2001-02-09)
Headquarters Kiev, Ukraine
Ideology Social liberalism, pro-Europeanism[1], solidarism[2],
International affiliation None
European affiliation European People's Party (observer status)[3][4]
Official colours White/Crimson
Website
http://www.byut.com.ua
Politics of Ukraine
Political parties
Elections

The Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc[5] (Ukrainian: Блок Юлії Тимошенко, БЮТ; Blok Yuliyi Tymoshenko, BYuT) is the name of the bloc of political parties in Ukraine led by Yulia Tymoshenko.

Contents

Overview

Founded for the 2002 parliamentary elections the party always has attracted most of its voters from Western Ukrainian, Ukrainian speaking provinces (Oblasts). It has also recruited several politicians from mostly Russian speaking provinces like Crimea (Lyudmyla Denisova[6]) and Luhansk Oblast (Natalia Korolevska[7]). The party is often associated with the 2004 Orange Revolution (the party's leader Yulia Tymoshenko was one of the leaders of the Orange Revolution) and thus named a Orange Party in media publications.[8] The party also has some prominent members who used to be associated with the opponents of the Orange Revolutions (the Blue camp) like the current faction leader of the Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko (BYuT) faction in the Ukrainian Parliament Ivan Kyrylenko[9]. Other noticeable (former) BYuT deputies are Soviet dissident Levko Lukyanenko[10][11] and former UNA-UNSO leader Andriy Shkil[12][13].

BYuT is intending to include more representatives from the education sector into voting it's lists. According to the party's leader Tymoshenko: "Certain branches and sectors have powerful lobbies. And there are only three to four lobbyists who represent the spheres of education and health care in parliament. Therefore some sectors lack financing, while others have excessive funding".[14]

According to party-leader Tymoshenko representatives of business have no dominant influence on decision making in her political force. "Business is represented in the parliament, but it doesn't shape politics this is what distinguishes my political force from the Party of Regions for instance."[15]

Ukrainian presidential election, 2010

Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko has endorsed Yulia Tymoshenko, incumbent prime minister as their candidate for the next Presidential election, first-round ballot scheduled to be held on January 17, 2010.[16][17]

Opinion Polls

Public Opinion Polls have consistently rated Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko and its leader Yulia Tymoschenko as the second highest polling party/candidate in Ukraine with most analysts predicting that Yulia Tymoshenko will face Viktor Yanukovych in a second-round presidential ballot, expected to be held in February 2010.

History

After her dismissal by President Leonid Kuchma in January 2001 as Deputy Prime Minister for fuel and energy sector in the cabinet of Viktor Yushchenko and during the Ukraine without Kuchma-protests Yulia Tymoshenko initiated the loose organization the National Salvation Committee[18] on February 9, 2001[19]. This organisation latter merged into the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc in November 2001.[18][19]

2002 elections

At the parliamentary elections on 30 March 2002 the alliance comprised the following liberal and nationalist member parties:

The bloc won 7.2% of the popular vote and 21 out of 450 seats. This result was better than expected[20], because BYuT had limited access to the media and limited support from local authorities[21].

The alliance supported Viktor Yushchenko during the Ukrainian presidential election of 2004, and played an active role in the widespread acts of civil non-violent protest that became known as the Ukrainian Orange Revolution.

2006 elections

Map showing the results of BYuT (percentage of total national vote) per region for the 2006 parliamentary election.

The parliamentary elections on 26 March 2006 saw BYuT move into second place with 22,27% of the vote behind Party of Regions which had 33% and ahead of Our Ukraine which received less than 14% support. They won 129 seats out of 450.

It was widely expected that a coalition between supporters of the orange movement would form Ukraine's next government, but after 3 months of negotiations and a failure to reach an agreement the proposed coalition collapsed following the decision of the Socialist Party of Ukraine to support the formation of the "anti-crisis coalition" with Party of Regions and the Communist Party of Ukraine.

2007 elections

Map showing the results of BYuT percentage of total national vote per region for the 2007 parliamentary election.
Map showing geographic distribution of the highest vote percentage of total national vote per region

For the 2007 elections, the bloc consists of:

The Ukrainian Republican Party Assembly was part of the Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc this time, while the Ukrainian Republican Party had merged into the Party of Regions.

In the parliamentary elections on 30 September 2007, the bloc won 156 out of 450 seats, securing an additional 1.5 million votes (8.24%) in comparison with the 2006 election.[22] In 2007 Yulia Tymoshenko received a swing of 8.24% in comparison their 2006 vote. Most of the swing came as a result of consolidation of the vote in regions in which BYuT already was the leading party. Statistics published by Ukraine's Central Electoral Commission[23] indicate that most of the swing came from minor parties and a swing away from the Socialist Party and to a lesser extent Our Ukraine.

On October 15, 2007, Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc and the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc agreed to form a majority coalition in the new parliament of the 6th convocation.[24] On November 29, a coalition was signed between the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc and Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc (representing 45% of the national vote[23]). On 18 December 2007 Yulia Tymoshenko, with a margin of two votes, was elected Prime Minister.[25]

During the 2008 Ukrainian political crisis the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc (BYuT) and Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc (OU-PSD) coalition was haltered and among the negations with a.o. OU-PSD there were negotiations between BYuT and Party of Regions to form a coalition[26] but after Volodymyr Lytvyn was elected Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada (parliament of Ukraine) December 9, 2008 he announced the creation of a coalition between his Lytvyn Bloc, BYuT and OU-PSD.[27] After negotiations[28][29] the three party's officially signed the coalition agreement on December 16.[30] It is unsure if this coalition will stop the snap election[31][32][33] although Speaker Volodymyr Lytvyn predicts the Verkhovna Rada will work until 2012.[34]

Results of the parliamentary elections:
Political alignment 2007
Vote percentage 2006 to 2007 (Top Six parties)
Swing 2006 to 2007 (Top Six parties)
Swing 2006 to 2007 (Percentage by electoral regions)

2008

In September 2008 the governing coalition collapsed when representatives of Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc withdraw from the coalition less than a year into the new Parliament's term of office. On October 8, 2008, the President of Ukraine, Victor Yushchenko, tried to dismiss the government and call fresh parliamentary elections. The dismissal of the government was not supported by the Parliament. The President soon after faced rebellion within his own party with a majority of deputies associated with Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc agreeing to reform a governing coalition this time with the added support of Lytvyn Bloc, giving the revised coalition an additional 20 members majority. Volodymyr Lytvyn in return was elected on December 16, 2008 as Parliamentary speaker replacing Arseniy Yatsenyuk.

2009

On July 3, 2009 the Verkhovna Rada terminated the mandate of BYuT deputy Viktor Lozinskyi. At the time there was a criminal proceedings against Lozinskyi instituted on suspicion of deliberately inflicting grave bodily harm causing death; the Prosecutor-General's Office had applied to the Verkhovna Rada for permission to arrest Viktor Lozinskyi. 416 out of 444 deputies registered in Parliament, including 133 deputies of the Tymoshenko Bloc, voted for removal of the Lozinskyi's parliamentary immunity.[35][36]

2010

According to BYuT lawmaker Serhiy Sobolev seven lawmakers from the BYuT faction voted for a vote of no confidence in the second Tymoshenko Government.[37] After the fall of the second Tymoshenko Government on March 3, 2010 BYuT moved into opposition.[38][39] On March 11, 2010 BYuT appealed to the Central Election Commission of Ukraine to terminate the parliamentary mandates of six parliamentarians who had joined a new parliamentary coalition.[40]

On March 16 a shadow government including BYuT was established.[41]

Ideology

The party itself describes its ideology as being Social liberalism, Pro Europeanism[1] and Solidarism.[42]. While some political analysts describe the party's ideology as being basically Populism.[43]

Recent issue stances[44]

Constitution

BYuT proposes a national referendum on the system of governance (Presidential or Parliamentary) and the adoption a new Constitution. On February 15, 2010 BYuT faction leader Ivan Kyrylenko stated "We think that that there is a post that is unnecessary in the state" (without mentioning which post he meant).[45]

Justice

Raise salaries for judges and abolish the requirement for them to hear specific cases. Legal aid schemes for poor citizens so that income is not the final determinant of judicial representation and consideration.

Media

The creation of public broadcast television, greater transparency and disclosure of ownership of media interests, the establishment of agreements between owners of media outlets and journalists in order to facilitate open and honest editorial policy, and increased internet availability.

Anti-corruption

The implementation of a systematic program to combat corruption.

Social Reform

Provide improved social welfare services while encouraging an expansion of the population. Specific plans include obligatory medical insurance, free state medical services for those in need, affordable medication, a rural doctor program, and increased payments for each newborn child. In addition, there are proposals for increased baby care allowances and long-term low interest loans for young families.

Education

Stop the brain drain by restoring the status and raising the standards of the education system. Measures include incentives for investment in professional and higher education, and, most importantly, research and development.

Transit

Building new oil and gas pipelines and expanding public-private partnership investments to improve roads, railways and airports. Liberalization of the current regime for the transit of passengers and goods.

Business

Address the imbalance between large enterprises, which dominate the business sector, and small by encouraging the growth of wealth-creating small- and medium-sized enterprises. Reduce the tax burden through the adoption of a new tax code while expanding assessment, minimizing tax remissions, and abolishing VAT. Simplify the process to set up and administer businesses and establishing lower business lending rates in line with European levels. Also proposed are measures to liberalize banking and insurance services and to encourage longer-term lending. Shareholder rights will be protected, the permit system reformed, and the governmental bureaucracy reduced.

Energy

Overturn the nation's dependence on monopolies for importing energy while strengthening collaboration and coordination of energy policy with the EU. Specific policies include integration with the European market for the supply and consumption of electricity, measures to reduce oil and gas consumption, an increase in utilization of brown coal and the production of synthetic fuel. Complete the Odessa-Brody-Plotsk (Gdańsk) transit pipeline and build a gas transit pipeline linking the Caspian Sea (running through Azerbaijan and Georgia) and the Black Sea. Encourage domestic production both onshore and offshore in the Black and Azov Seas.

Investment

Encouragement of domestic and foreign investment. Changing and eliminating legislation and legal contradictions that currently hinder investment. Procedures must be streamlined to allocate land under long-term leases to investors who will build new facilities in Ukraine, especially in the technology sector. Other proposals include transparent and open privatization and tender processes and the establishment of a network of regional ombudsman to simplify processes for obtaining import certificates. Special emphasis will be made to attract investment in the power sector and all new legislation enacted will be in accordance with WTO practices.

Construction

BYuT proposes a system of mortgage lending with lower interest rates for house purchases along with governmental targets designed for public housing projects. Decentralization to the regional level will be implemented to facilitate these targets for both housing and commercial facilities. Special tax incentives are also envisioned for industrial projects to complement planning for investment described above.

Agriculture

A program aimed at establishing a stronger, more profitable and environmentally responsible agricultural sector will be implemented. Crucial measures include the availability of development funds, agricultural exchanges, insurance funds and land-banks. Other initiatives involve the promotion of agricultural products to overseas markets. To facilitate a functioning land market, agricultural producers will have access to low interest loans, with incentives put in place for the development of cooperative banks and credit unions in rural areas.

Relationships with other parties

Although Our Ukraine has been the main ally of the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc (BYuT) relations with arch rival Party of Regions[46][47] are slowly improving. On March 13, 2009 Victor Yanukovych, leader of the Party of Regions, said the Party of Regions is ready to unite into a coalition with BYuT, he noted that: "We are ready to unite but only on the base of the program on struggle with crisis".[48] The previous day the deputy leader of the BYuT faction, Andriy Portnov, said that the union of his political force with the Party of Regions is highly improbable but that the union of the BYuT and the Party of Regions could be possible after the next Ukrainian presidential elections.[49] Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko has said (March 17, 2009) that her bloc is ready to join efforts with the Regions Party to pass certain bills in the Ukrainian parliament (Verkhovna Rada). "You are a representative of the Regions Party, [and] I represent the BYuT. It's time to join efforts for the benefit of the country", Tymoshenko said.[50] On March 30, 2009 Victor Yanukovych stated he does not believe in the possibility of forming a coalition with Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc in the current parliament. At the same time he added that "it would be necessary to agree on main issues" concerning amendments into the Constitution of Ukraine in the part of local self-government reform, judicial reform and clear division of authorities among President, government and parliament.[51]

Late May was marked with another story on a boring subject - betrayal, conspiracy, coup d'état, the usurpation of power and other terrible things. This has already become a political characteristic of Ukraine.

BYuT faction leader Ivan Kyrylenko during a Verkhovna Rada speech (June 2, 2009)[52]

According to Yanukovych talks with BYuT where still ongoing as of late May 2008.[53] Ukrainian President Viktor Yuschenko thinks that the secrecy surrounding alleged talks on constitutional amendments constitutes are an anti-constitutional coup d'Etat, according to Presidential Press Secretary Iryna Vannykova (on June 2, 2009).[54]

Early June talks to build a broad coalition to address the economic crisis collapsed, Yulia Tymoshenko accused Yanukovich of betrayl: "He unilaterally, without warning anyone, quit the negotiation process, making a loud political statement, killing the merger and the chances for Ukraine".[55]

See also

References and Footnotes

  1. ^ a b POLITICAL BLOC PROFILE: The Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc (02/26/06)
  2. ^ Biography of Yulia Tymoshenko leader of BYUT, Ukraine
  3. ^ Gasprinsessen, mumien og den faldne helt - Verden
  4. ^ VO “Batkivshyna” joins European People's Party, Internet Press Service of Yulia Tymoshenko, 5 August 2007
  5. ^ It may refer to one or several of the following:
  6. ^ Новый состав Кабмина принят единогласно, news.mediaport.ua(Russian)
  7. ^ (Ukrainian)Народна депутатка з Луганська від БЮТу раніше підтримувала Віктора Януковича, Gazeta.ua (March 23, 2007)
  8. ^ Q&A: Ukrainian parliamentary poll, BBC News (October 1, 2007)
  9. ^ Yulia Tymoshenko’s orbits, Ukrayinska Pravda (March 20, 2006)
  10. ^ Black Sea Politics: Political Culture and Civil Society in an Unstable Region by Ayse Ayata and Ayca Ergun, I B Tauris & Co Ltd, 2005, ISBN 1845110358/ISBN 978-1845110352, page 90
  11. ^ Levko Lukyanenko, Verkhovna Rada
  12. ^ Shkil Andriy, Kyiv Post (February 25, 2009)
  13. ^ Andriy Shkil, Verkhovna Rada
  14. ^ Tymoshenko to include more education sector's representatives into voting lists during parliamentary election, Kyiv Post (October 5, 2009)
  15. ^ Business has hardly any influence in BYT, says Tymoshenko, Interfax-Ukraine (December 7, 2009)
  16. ^ "Tymoshenko enters presidential race". 2009-10-25. http://kyivpost.com/news/politics/detail/51264/. 
  17. ^ "Ukraine PM enters tight presidential race". 2009-10-24. http://www.rawstory.com/news/afp/Ukraine_PM_enters_tight_presidentia_10242009.html. 
  18. ^ a b Europa World Year Book 2,Routledge, 2004, ISBN 185743255X/ISBN 978-1857432558, page 4295
  19. ^ a b About Tymoshenko, Official website of Yulia Tymoshenko
  20. ^ The countries of the former Soviet Union at the turn of the twenty-first century: the Baltic and European states in transition (page 551) by Ian Jeffries, ISBN 041525230X, 9780415252300 (published in 2004)
  21. ^ 2001 Political sketches: too early for summing up, Central European University (January 4, 2002)
  22. ^ Yanukovych Loses 300,000 While Tymoshenko Receives Additional 1.5 Million, Ukrainska Pravda
  23. ^ a b Source: Central Election Commission of Ukraine (English)
  24. ^ "Ukrainian Parliament Continues Shift Towards Yushchenko" (in Russian). Korrespondent. October 15, 2007. http://www.korrespondent.net/main/212097. Retrieved 2007-10-15. 
  25. ^ "Youtube" (in Ukrainian). Youtube: Yulia Tymoshenko elected Prime-Minister. December 18, 2007. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kHXz_Al5dck. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  26. ^ Experts Admit Party Of Regions-Tymoshenko Bloc Coalition If Pliusch Nominated For Speaker’s Position, Ukrainian News Agency (December 3, 2008)
  27. ^ Ukraine coalition set to reform, BBC News (9 December 2008)
  28. ^ New parliamentary majority receives name, UNIAN (11-12-2008)
  29. ^ Lavrynovych Speaking About Majority Between BYuT, OU PSD, Lytvyn Bloc And Communist Party Faction At Rada, Ukrainian News Agency (December 13, 2008) "Lytvyn announced about creating a coalition between BYuT, the Our Ukraine - People's Self-Defense Bloc faction and the Lytvyn Bloc. However, the coalition agreement has not been signed so far."
  30. ^ Tymoshenko Bloc, OU-PSD, And Lytvyn Bloc Sign Rada Coalition Agreement, Ukrainian News Agency (December 16, 2008)
  31. ^ President calls on VR to focus on overcoming economic crisis, UNIAN (11-12-2008)
  32. ^ Yushchenko categorically opposed to “coalition of three” – Hrytsenko, UNIAN (15-12-2008)
  33. ^ Presidential Secretariat urges parliament to include early election funds in 2009 budget, Interfax-Ukraine (15-12-2008)
  34. ^ Lytvyn Predicts Rada’s Work Until 2012, Ukrainian News Agency (December 13, 2008) "I can reassure everyone that snap elections will not be held... If the Rada is working adequately and the public sees its efficiency, the Parliament will work next four year", he said.
  35. ^ Rada lifts Lozynskiy's immunity in connection with murder investigation, Kyiv Post (July 3, 2009)
  36. ^ Parliament takes away deputy mandate of Lozinsky, Interfax-Ukraine (July 3, 2009)
  37. ^ Sobolev: Seven MPs from BYT bribed to vote for Tymoshenko's resignation, Kyiv Post (March 3, 2009)
  38. ^ Tymoshenko says cabinet won't stay on as caretaker, Kyiv Post (March 3, 2010)
  39. ^ Tymoshenko: Government members will immediately leave offices after Rada's decision on cabinet dismissal, Kyiv Post (March 3, 2010)
  40. ^ Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc wants its members joining coalition to be stripped of mandates, Kyiv Post (March 11, 2010)
  41. ^ Eight parties sign agreement on creation of united opposition, Kyiv Post (March 16, 2010)
  42. ^ Biography of Yulia Tymoshenko leader of BYUT, Ukraine
  43. ^ KYIV DIVIDED ON HOW FAR TO GO WITH RE-PRIVATIZATION, Publication: Eurasia Daily Monitor Volume: 2 Issue: 92 May 10, 2005 10:00 PM Age: 5 yrs Category: Eurasia Daily Monitor, Europe, Ukraine By: Taras Kuzio,
  44. ^ Official website
  45. ^ BYT proposes discussing form of government, constitutional amendments to referendum, Kyiv Post (February 15, 2010)
  46. ^ "Aliens took Tymoshenko on their flying saucer?". UNIAN. 5 September 2008. http://unian.net/eng/news/news-271206.html. Retrieved 5 September 2008. 
  47. ^ "Regions Party ready to form coalition 'to save country'". Interfax-Ukraine. 8 October 2008. http://www.interfax.com.ua/en/news/main-news/174313/. Retrieved 8 October 2008. 
  48. ^ "Party of Regions is ready to unite with BYUT– Yanukovych". 13 March 2008. http://www.unian.net/eng/news/news-305631.html. 
  49. ^ BYT says union Party of Regions highly improbable, Interfax-Ukraine (13 March 2008)
  50. ^ BYT ready to join efforts with Regions Party to pass law on aviation development, says Tymoshenko, Interfax-Ukraine (17 March 2008)
  51. ^ Yanukovych does not believe in coalition with BYUT, UNIAN (March 30, 2009)
  52. ^ BYT faction leader describes talk of coup d'etat or conspiracy as groundless, Interfax-Ukraine (June 2, 2009)
  53. ^ Party of Regions holding talks with BYuT – Yanukovych, UNIAN (May 25, 2009)
  54. ^ Yuschenko considers secret talks on constitutional amendments as anti-constitutional coup, says Vannykova, Interfax-Ukraine (June 2, 2009)
  55. ^ Ukraine Premier Fails to Form Alliance to Oppose President, The New York Times (June 8, 2009)

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message