Bachelor of Architecture: Wikis

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The Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.) is an undergraduate academic degree designed to satisfy the academic component of professional accreditation bodies, to be followed by a period of practical training prior to professional examination and registration. It is awarded for a course of study that lasts up to five years. In some cases, a B.Arch can only be undertaken after having completed a three-year generalist architectural degree, in which case, it may be as short as two years. Many architecture schools using this bi-partite structure have re-badged their B.Arch programs as M.Arch degrees.

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Australia

Architectural education in Australia varies depending on the university offering the course. All Australian Architecture schools and programs have recently moved to some variation on the 3 + 2 Bologna model, with a 3 year undergraduate degree, followed by a 2 year course-work based Master of Architecture professional degree. Some universities also require 6-12 months of practice work experience between the 2 degrees. Registration as an architect is via state-based boards and requires a minimum of 2 years practice experience under the supervision of a registered architect. In addition there are double degrees offered by many universities, such as those combining architecture with construction or landscape architecture. Some universities also offer Masters programs in Architecture via coursework or research. Many architecture faculties offer related programs in landscape architecture, urban planning, urban design, property and construction. Entry to Australian architecture programs is highly competitive and the proportion of students at some architecture schools from outside Australia is very high, up to 40%.

Universities in Australia offering professionally-accredited architecture programs:

Institutions in Australia offering other programs in architecture:

  • Charles Darwin University 3-year Bachelor of Design, automatic entry into the Deakin University M.Arch program.
  • Oceania Polytechnic Institute of Technology 6-year Bachelor of Architecture, partially accredited by the Australian Institute of Architects[1].
  • Griffith University 3-year Bachelor of Environmental Design (Architectural Studies) begins February 2010. M.Arch to begin in 2013.

United Kingdom

Architectural education differs slightly in the United Kingdom. A five year course used to exist in a similar fashion to the United States, but the 1960s saw the introduction of the Sandwich course and a split of the Barch into a 3 year BA degree (or in some cases BSc) followed by a year working in practice, after which a 2 year B.Arch is completed. A further year of work completes the student's education upon the passing of Part III final examinations (See below). Registration as an architect is then permissible by the Architects Registration Board. Many UK universities offer postgraduate programs by coursework and research in architecture and related fields such as landscape architecture, planning, and urban design.

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The RIBA 3 Part Examinations

In effect, for most student to become an architect in the United Kingdom they must pass or be exempted from Part I,II and III of the RIBA's examinations. Completion of the 3 year BA or BSc gives an exemption from Part I. Completion of the 2 year B.Arch gives exemption from Part II and the final year of supervised in practice training, with supplemental assignments makes up the requirements for Part III.

An alternative route to qualification exists by sitting the exams directly - currently this administered by Oxford Brookes University on behalf of the RIBA.

Studying architecture in the UK

Universities offering architecture courses validated by the RIBA in the UK:

United States of America

The Bachelor of Architecture is accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB) as a professional degree, allowing the recipient to qualify for the Architect Registration Examination (ARE).

There are also universities that offer a four-year degree such as a Bachelor of Science in Architectural Studies (B.S.Arch) or a Bachelor of Art in Architectural Studies (B.A.Arch). These are non-accredited, pre-professional degrees, and so these students must enroll in a Masters degree (M.Arch) program to be professionally-licensed. However, enrolling in a pre-professional program often gets a student into a shorter M.Arch program. Any architecturaly related curriculum can eventually make licensure possible. With a lesser degree more experience is needed but experience in a firm is always necessary.

The course of study of the Bachelor of Architecture includes studio courses on design and aesthetic theory, as well as practical courses on structures, building mechanical systems, electrical systems, *plumbing and construction. Student work is often in the form of drawings and renderings, either through computer-aided design or drafting by hand. Students also build physical models and create presentation boards for drawings and graphics.

In nearly all architecture schools in the United States, student life and work revolves around a studio class. Other classes in the architecture curriculum are designed to support the concepts emphasized in studio. One particularly rigorous aspect of studio classes is the "critique" or "review." Students "pin-up" their models and presentation drawings for instructors (and students) who offer constructive criticism.

As of December 2005, there were sixty-seven accredited Bachelor of Architecture programs in the United States.

Colleges and universities in the United States where a Bachelor of Architecture degree can be obtained are listed below:

Note: Universities denoted by a * also have accredited Master of Architecture programs at their schools

See also

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor


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