Back to the Future Trilogy: Wikis

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Back to the Future
Directed by Robert Zemeckis
Written by Bob Gale
Robert Zemeckis
Starring Michael J. Fox
Christopher Lloyd
Thomas F. Wilson
Lea Thompson
James Tolkan
Claudia Wells (Part 1)
Elisabeth Shue (Parts 2 & 3)
Crispin Glover (Part 1)
Jeffrey Weissman (Parts 2 & 3)
Mary Steenburgen (Part 3)
Music by Alan Silvestri
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release date(s) 1985-1990
Running time 337 minutes
Country USA
Language English
Budget $99,000,000
Gross revenue $957 million

Back to the Future is a comedic science fiction adventure film series written by Bob Gale and Robert Zemeckis, directed by Zemeckis, produced by Amblin Entertainment and distributed by Universal Pictures. The plot follows the adventures of high school student Marty McFly (Michael J. Fox) and scientist Dr. Emmett Brown (Christopher Lloyd) as they use a modified DeLorean automobile to time travel to different periods in the history of Hill Valley, California.

The first film was the highest grossing film of 1985 and became an international phenomenon, leading to the second and third films which were filmed back-to-back and released in 1989 and 1990 respectively. Though the two sequels did not perform quite as well at the box office as the first film, the trilogy remains immensely popular after nearly a quarter century and has yielded such spin-offs as an animated television series and a motion-simulation ride at the Universal Studios Theme Parks in Universal City, California (now closed); Orlando, Florida (now closed), and Osaka, Japan. The film's visual effects were done by Industrial Light and Magic. All together, the trilogy was nominated for five Academy Awards, one of which (Best Sound Editing) was won.

Contents

Main cast

Crew

Film Year Director Writer(s) Producer(s) Executive Producer(s)
Back to the Future 1985 Robert Zemeckis Robert Zemeckis
Bob Gale
Neil Canton
Bob Gale
Steven Spielberg
Kathleen Kennedy
Frank Marshall
Back to the Future Part II 1989 Story:
Robert Zemeckis
Bob Gale
Screenplay:
Bob Gale
Back to the Future Part III 1990

Storylines

Back to the Future

17-year-old Marty McFly is accidentally sent back in time to 1955 in a time machine built from a DeLorean by eccentric scientist Emmett L. Brown, also known as "Doc". Upon arriving in 1955, Marty inadvertently causes his mother (Lorraine McFly) to fall in love with him, rather than with his father (George McFly). This begins to cause what Doc Brown later describes as a paradox that would cause Marty to disappear from existence. To make matters worse, Marty did not bring back any additional plutonium to power the time machine, so he must find the 1955 version of Doc Brown to help him reunite his parents and return to 1985. Biff Tannen, the antagonist, further complicates Marty's efforts to return to an unaltered 1985. Marty successfully causes his parents to fall in love and simultaneously ruins the future of Biff Tannen, who in the end is an auto detailer instead of George McFly's boss. Marty learns in the end that his family situation has improved because of the way his parents' relationship was changed by his intervention in the past. However, in the film's final moments Doc Brown and the DeLorean appear and Doc tells Marty that he has returned from the future, and that Marty must come back to the future with him.

Back to the Future Part II

Doc Brown travels with Marty to the year 2015 where he has discovered Marty's family is in ruins. Marty buys a sports almanac containing the outcomes of 50 years worth (1950–2000) of sporting events. However, Doc catches him and throws the almanac in the trash, where the aged Biff Tannen finds it. While Marty and Doc are at Marty's future house, Old Biff steals the DeLorean time machine and gives the book to himself just before he goes to the dance at the end of the first movie. When Doc and Marty return to 1985, they find that Biff has used the almanac's knowledge for financial gain, which allows him to turn Courthouse Square into a 27 story casino, "own" Hill Valley, get away with the murder of Marty's father, and later marry Marty's mother. Marty learns that Biff was given the book by old Biff on November 12, 1955, so he and Doc go back to that date in order to steal the almanac from Biff before he can use it to destroy their lives. They accomplish this in a complex fashion, often crossing their own past-selves' paths. When the duo are about to travel back to 1985, a lightning bolt strikes the DeLorean and scrambles the time circuits, sending Doc back to 1885 and leaving Marty stranded in 1955.

Back to the Future Part III

After finding out that Doc Brown is trapped in 1885, Marty sets out to find the 1955 Doc to help him fix the DeLorean (which has been waiting for him in a mineshaft for 70 years) and restore it to working order. Learning that Doc gets shot in 1885, Marty travels back in time to save Doc (who becomes a blacksmith) and bring him back to the future. Unfortunately, Marty rips a hole in the fuel line, rendering the DeLorean immobile. Furthermore, Doc falls in love with schoolteacher Clara Clayton, and considers staying in 1885. Marty must convince Doc to come back with him and find a way to get back to his time before it's too late. After several dramatic action scenes involving a speeding locomotive, Marty returns to 1985 in the restored DeLorean. It appears on a train track as planned, and Marty jumps out just in time to see the DeLorean time machine destroyed by a modern train. He worries that Doc has been lost in the past forever, when suddenly Doc Brown appears in a new time machine, modeled after a locomotive. He introduces Marty to Clara (to whom he is now married) and his two sons, Jules and Verne. When Marty asks if Doc and his family are going to the future, Doc replies that he's already been to the future. The locomotive flies across the sky and disappears, and the trilogy ends.

Reception

Box office performance

Film Release date Box office revenue Box office ranking Budget Reference
United States Foreign Worldwide All time domestic All time worldwide
Back to the Future July 3, 1985 $210,609,762 $170,500,000 $381,109,762 #86
#56(A)
#126 $19,000,000 [1]
Back to the Future Part II November 22, 1989 $118,450,002 $213,500,000 $331,950,002 #320 #180 $40,000,000 [2][3]
Back to the Future Part III May 25, 1990 $87,727,583 $156,800,000 $244,527,583 #509 #292 $40,000,000 [4]
Total $416,787,347 $540,800,000 $957,587,347 $99,000,000
List indicator(s)
  • (A) indicates the adjusted totals based on current ticket prices (by Box Office Mojo).

Critical reaction

Film Rotten Tomatoes
Overall Cream of the Crop
Back to the Future 96% (45 reviews)[5] 80% (5 reviews)[6]
Back to the Future Part II 63% (38 reviews)[7] 33% (6 reviews)[8]
Back to the Future Part III 71% (35 reviews)[9] 50% (6 reviews)[10]

DVD release

In July 1997, Universal Studios announced that Back to the Future would be one of their first 10 releases to the new format, though it ended up being delayed for five years. It was finally released in 2002 in widescreen, with a black box. In the USA, a fullscreen version was also released.

Framing issues

In September 2002, when the DVD was released, the video of the widescreen version of Parts II and III contained many shots that had been framed incorrectly, either because the shots were too high or low to center the image correctly, or because they zoomed in on the image, eliminating portions of the image on all sides. One notable example is when Marty's futuristic jacket adjusts itself to fit him, the misframed version does not show the sleeves changing size, thus ruining the visual gag.

In May 2003, Universal corrected the problem and prepared "V2" (Version 2) DVDs, that could only be distinguished from the original, flawed DVDs by the mark of a small "V2" near the edge of the discs themselves (and, of course, by comparing the corrected video). In Region 2, the discs were called "R1" for revision 1.

However, Universal did not initially begin packaging the V2 discs with the trilogy box set that was being sent to retailers, and the original discs were not recalled. Instead, Universal set up a toll-free phone number which owners of the original DVDs could call, and ask for a postage-paid envelope to be sent to them. Owners would send their flawed discs to Universal in the envelope, and would soon thereafter receive the corrected "V2" discs by mail.

However, although Parts II and III now contained corrected framing, a new problem appeared with Part III, in that the video contrast was set incorrectly, resulting in scenes that were too dark. Universal then released a third version of the DVD for this film (known in Region 2 as "R2"), and this was sent out as described above.

In January 2005, Universal began a nationwide promotional campaign, announcing that they would reissue the DVDs of the trilogy at a special low price (about half the set's original retail price) on January 25, 2005, and then put the entire trilogy on moratorium a week later, on February 1, 2005, with new stickers on the box declaring "Lowest Price Ever: Own It Before Time Runs Out!" The discs in this release contained no new content or bonus features from the original release: even the packaging was almost identical, except for including the promotional sticker and excluding the multi-page, full color DVD menu booklet. No booklet or chapter insert is included in the revised release, but did finally contain the corrected V2 discs. Curiously, only the disc for Part II displays the "V2" marking on its edge; the Part III disc does not, but fans have analyzed its video carefully and concluded that, despite the lack of the "V2" marking, the Part III disc is the corrected one.

Second DVD release

On October 21, 2008, BTTF.com broke the story that Universal will be releasing each of the "Back to the Future" films individually. The DVDs were released on February 10, 2009. "Back to the Future" became a 2-disc set featuring the documentary "Looking Back to the Future" and "Back to the Future: The Ride."[11]

Blu-ray release

In June of 2008, a special screening of the trilogy was held in Celebration, Florida. Bob Gale told the crowd they were seeing the digitally remastered version that was going to be used for the Blu-ray version of the movies. Gale also spoke to potential supplemental features on a Blu-ray version of the trilogy, saying only that never-before-seen bonus materials may appear, though he stopped short of offering any specifics.[12] No definite release date has yet been announced.

Release formats and features

Box Audio Scene Specific Commentary Framing Enhanced MJ Fox interview
1986 (Part I) CED
Tan with Marty and DeLorean
Stereo No  ? No
1986 (Part I) VHS
Blue with Marty and DeLorean-
Stereo No Correct Widescreen No
1993 Japanese Laserdisc Charcoal with logo Stereo No Generous No
VCD Blue with Marty and DeLorean Stereo No Correct Widescreen No
2002 R1 DVD Blue with Marty and Doc with DeLorean Dolby 5.1 Yes Incorrect Widescreen Yes
2002 R2/R4 UK DVD Black with DeLorean Dolby 5.1 and DTS No Incorrect Widescreen No
2002 R2 German DVD Black with DeLorean Dolby 5.1 and DTS No Incorrect Widescreen  ?
2003 "V2" (Part II & Part III) DVD No box Dolby 5.1 Yes Corrected Widescreen Yes
2005 R1 DVD Blue with Marty and Doc Dolby 5.1 Yes Corrected Widescreen Yes
2005 R2/R4 UK DVD Blue with DeLorean Dolby 5.1 and DTS Yes Corrected Widescreen Yes
2005 R2 German DVD Blue with DeLorean Dolby 5.1 and DTS No Corrected Widescreen  ?
2005 R2 Japanese DVD Blue with DeLorean  ?  ? Corrected Widescreen  ?
2006 R2 UK DVD Blue with DeLorean Dolby 5.1 and DTS Yes Corrected Widescreen Yes
2008 R2 UK DVD Black Steelbook Case with DeLorean Dolby 5.1 and DTS Yes Corrected Widescreen Yes
2009 R1 Individual DVDs BTTF: Marty with DeLorean
BTTF II: Marty and Doc with DeLorean
BTTF III: Marty, Doc, and Clara with DeLorean
Dolby 5.1 Yes Corrected Widescreen Yes

The footage that was shot with Eric Stoltz in the role of Marty McFly before he was replaced with Michael J. Fox has never been officially released. This footage was not included in Universal's original DVD release in 2002 or in 2009, despite many fans hoping that Universal would include it.

Promotional posters

All three posters were created by noted poster artist Drew Struzan, although the original concept poster of Marty looking at his watch by the car was by Wayne Coe. Each poster features a variation on the same pose, and has the same number of characters present as each movie is numbered.

  • For Part I, Marty is dressed in his 1985 clothes standing beside the original DeLorean time machine, raising his sunglasses and looking at his wristwatch.
  • For Part II, Marty and Doc are dressed in 2015 clothes beside a hovering DeLorean, raising their sunglasses and looking at their wristwatches.
  • For Part III, Marty, Doc and Clara are dressed in 1885 clothes beside a DeLorean on rails, holding the brims of their hats and looking at pocket watches.

A modified version of the Part I artwork, which added Doc Brown to the original image, was used on the cover of the trilogy's DVD release.

Games

  • Various video games based on the Back to the Future movies have been released over the years for home video game systems, including the ZX Spectrum and Commodore 64 computers, the Sega Master System, the Sega Genesis/Mega Drive, NES, and Super Nintendo system.
  • LJN also released Back to the Future Part II & III for the NES in 1990, which unlike the previous game, was a side scrolling adventure game that allowed traveling back and forth between the different time periods from the trilogy as Marty attempts to correct the timeline and get back to the real 1985.
  • A Japanese-only release for the SNES was made based on Back to the Future II. The game was a side-scroller that allowed the player to control Marty on the hoverboard while he battled enemies.
  • A 1990 pinball game designed by Joe Kaminkow and Ed Cebula and released by Data East Pinball based on the Back to the Future trilogy. This game features three songs that were featured in the movies: "Back in Time" and "Power of Love" (originally performed by Huey Lewis and the News), and Doubleback (originally performed by ZZ Top).[13]
  • The Nintendo GameCube game, Universal Studios Theme Parks Adventure, featured the Back to the Future: The Ride as a game.
  • Criterion Games created a special car for their Burnout Paradise game called "Jansen 88 Special" which is a replica of the DeLorean that can hover through the streets of the virtual city.[14]
  • 88mph is a trophy in the game Ratchet & Clank Future: A Crack in Time.[15] In the Back to the Future movies, 88mph is the speed at which the DeLorean would activate the time machine.
  • 1.21 gigawatts is a trophy/achievement in the PS3/Xbox 360 game Borderlands.[16] Achievement/trophy is reached by killing 25 enemies with shock weapons. 1.21 gigawatts is the amount of energy required to operate the DeLorean. It is also a PS3 Trophy in the remastered God of War Collection.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Back to the Future (1985)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=backtothefuture.htm. 
  2. ^ "Back to the Future Part II (1989)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=backtothefuture2.htm. 
  3. ^ "Back to the Future Part II (Foreign gross)". The-Numbers. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1989/0BCK2.php. 
  4. ^ "Back to the Future Par III (1990)". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=backtothefuture3.htm. 
  5. ^ "Back to the Future Part". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/back_to_the_future/. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  6. ^ "Back to the Future Part (Cream of the Crop)". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/back_to_the_future/?critic=creamcrop. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  7. ^ "Back to the Future Part II". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/back_to_the_future_2/. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  8. ^ "Back to the Future Part II (Cream of the Crop)". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/back_to_the_future_2/?critic=creamcrop. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  9. ^ "Back to the Future Part III". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/back_to_the_future_3/. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  10. ^ "Back to the Future Part III(Cream of the Crop)". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/back_to_the_future_3/?critic=creamcrop. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  11. ^ http://www.bttf.com/forums/blogs/timetraveller/19-bttf-2-disc-special-edition-dvd-coming-february.html
  12. ^ http://www.highdefdiscnews.com/?p=953
  13. ^ IPDB listing for Back to the Future: The Pinball
  14. ^ http://www.criteriongames.com/article.php?artID=369
  15. ^ Ratchet And Clank: A Crack In Time Faq/Walkthrough
  16. ^ Borderlands Wiki

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Back to the Future article)

From Wikiquote

Back to the Future is a 1985 film about time travel. After traveling back to 1955, Marty McFly accidentally interferes with his parents' courtship and must make them fall in love... or else he will never be born.

Directed by Robert Zemeckis. Written by Robert Zemeckis and Bob Gale.
Meet Marty McFly. He's broken the time barrier. Busted his parents' first date. And, maybe, botched his chances of ever being born. Taglines

Contents

Doc Brown

  • I'm sure that in 1985 plutonium is available in every corner drug store, but in 1955 it's a little hard to come by.

Biff Tannen

  • Why don't you make like a tree and... get out of here?

Dialogue

Mr. Strickland: You got a real attitude problem, McFly. You're a slacker. You remind me of your father when he went here. He was a slacker, too.
Marty: Can I go now, Mr. Strickland?
Mr. Strickland: I noticed your band is on the roster for the dance auditions after school today. Why even bother, McFly? You don't have a chance. You're too much like your old man. No McFly ever amounted to anything in the history of Hill Valley!
Marty: Yeah, well, history is gonna change.

Lorraine: I don't like her, Marty. Any girl who just calls up a boy is just asking for trouble.
Linda: Oh, Mom, there's nothing wrong with calling a boy.
Lorraine: I think it's terrible! Girls chasing boys. When I was your age I never chased a boy or called a boy or sat in a parked car with a boy.
Linda: Then how am I supposed to ever meet anybody?
Lorraine: Well, it will just happen, like the way I met your father.
Linda: That was so stupid! Grandpa hit him with the car.

Marty: Wait a minute. Wait a minute Doc, uh, are you telling me you built a time machine... out of a DeLorean?
Doc Brown: The way I see it, if you're going to build a time machine into a car, why not do it with some style?

[after crashing into Old Man Peabody's barn]
Marty: Excuse me? Sorry about your barn.
[Old Man Peabody starts shooting at Marty]
Sherman Peabody: It's already mutated into human form, shoot it!
Old Man Peabody: [shoots again] Take that, you mutated son of a bitch!

Doc Brown: Tell me, Future Boy, who's President of the United States in 1985?
Marty: Ronald Reagan.
Doc Brown: Ronald Reagan? The actor? Then who's vice-president, Jerry Lewis? I suppose Jane Wyman is the First Lady? And Jack Benny is Secretary of the Treasury!

Marty: Are you trying to tell me that my mother has got the hots for me?
Doc Brown: Precisely!
Marty: Whoa, this is heavy.
Doc Brown: There's that word again: "heavy." Why are things so heavy in the future? Is there a problem with the Earth's gravitational pull?

George: I don't know what I should say.
Marty: Well say anything, George. Say the first thing that comes to your mind.
George: Nothing's coming to my mind.
Marty: Jesus, George. It's a wonder I was ever born.

Marty: What about all that talk about screwing up future events? The space-time continuum?
Doc Brown: Well, I figured, what the hell!

Taglines

  • Meet Marty McFly. He's broken the time barrier. Busted his parents' first date. And, maybe, botched his chances of ever being born.
  • 17 year old Marty McFly got home early last night. 30 years early.
  • Marty McFly just broke the time barrier. He's only got one week to get it fixed.
  • Marty McFly's having the time of his life. The only question is -- what time is it?
  • He was never in time for his classes... He wasn't in time for his dinner... Then one day... he wasn't in his time at all.
  • Bumping into your parents is no big deal unless you bump into them before you were born.

Cast

See also

External links

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