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Bagheli
Spoken in India
Region South Asia
Total speakers .5-1 Million (2001)
Language family Indo-European
Writing system Devanagari script
Official status
Official language in India (Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh)
Regulated by No official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2 bfy
ISO 639-3

Bagheli (Devanagari: बघेली or बाघेली) is a language of the Baghelkhand region of central India. It is often considered to be a dialect of Hindi language, and is classified such by the Indian Census Report (1991).

The Bagheli speakers are found mainly in six districts of Madhya Pradesh (Rewa, Satna, Sidhi, Shahdol, Umaria and Anuppur), and also in some districts of Uttar Pradesh like Allahabad and Mirzapur.

Contents

History

The language spoken in Baghelkhand has been known as Bagheli since the 13th century. Bagheli is a regional language used for intra-group and inter-group communication. It is also known as Baghelkhandi, Rimahi and Riwai (Rewa district).

Dr. George Grierson in his Linguistic survey of India classified Bagheli under Indo-Aryan, Eastern Hindi. The extensive research by Dr. Bhagawati Prasad Shukla also agrees with Dr. Grierson’s classification. Ethnologue classifies Bagheli as Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, and East Central zone (Grimes 1992:552). According to Dr. Bhagawati Prasad Shukla, Bagheli language has three major divisions:

  1. Pure Bagheli
  2. West Mixed Bagheli
  3. Southern Broken Bagheli

Indian Census report 1991 classifies Bagheli/Baghelkhandi as a dialect of Hindi under Scheduled language list. The dialects of Bagheli language are Remai, Riwai, Godwani (spoken by Gonds) and Kumhari (spoken by Kumhars).

Language boundaries

Rewa, Satna, Sidhi, Shahdol, Umaria and Anuppur are primary districts of Bagheli speaking area. Bagheli speaking area extends up to Allahabad and Mirzapur districts of Uttar Pradesh, Jabalpur districts of Madhya Pradesh and Bilaspur and Koriya districts of Chhattisgarh.

  • There are several radio and TV programmes in Bagheli. All India Radio is broadcasting Bagheli songs and agricultural programmes from Shahdol,Rewa and Bhopal stations.
  • Madhya Pradesh University in Rewa provides multiple opportunities to learn and research in this language.

Notable writers in Bagheli

Bagheli poetry

Haridas, Baij Nath Pandey Baiju, Saifuddin Siddiqui Saifu, Ramdas Payasi, Shamboo Kaku, Kalika Prasad Tripathi, Vinod Tiwari, Devendra Pandey Bedhadak,Sudama Prasad Mishra, Amol Batarohi,Babulal Dahiya, Anoop Ashesh, Sudhakant Mishra Belala, Dharmendra Mishra Dharam, Shivakant Tripathi Saras, Dr. Kailash Tiwari, Sanat Singh Baghel, Devi Sharan Gramin, Vishwanath Singh Kashi, Dayaram Gupta Pathik, Ramchandra Soni Viragi, Anjani Singh Saurabh, Shrinivas Shukla Saras, Dr. Shivshankar Mishra Saras, Maithili Sharan Shukla Dhirendra Tripathi, Chitresh Chitranshi, Ramraksha Dwivedi Shishu, Prof. Aditya Pratap Singh, Pramod Vatsa, Gomati Prasad Vikal, Rajiv Lochan Sharma Rajiv, Prahlad das 'Prhlad', Ram Naresh Tiwari Nishthur etc.

Dr. Bhagwati Prasad Shukla is the first person who introduced Bagheli to the rest of the world through Akashwani Bhopal. His book BAGHELI SAHITYA KA ITIHAS is the original book from which one can get all the basic knowledge about Bagheli language and Bagheli culture. Rajiv Lochan Sharma is the first person to broadcast Bagheli poetry at AIR Bhopal. Mr. Sharma is the recepiant of 'Akshar Aditya'award for the development of Bagheli.

Bagheli Story

Saifuddin Siddiqui,Rashmi Shukla, Dr. Chandrika Chandra, Dr. Ramsiya Sharma, Dr. Bhagwat Prasad Sharma, Salahuddin Siddiqui, Ram Naresh Singh, Dr. Arya Prasad Tripathi, Dr. Sudhakar Tiwari, Arati Singh, Bhagwat Prasad Pathak, Anugrah Chirkari, Suryamani Shukla, Bhanu Pratap Singh etc.

Bagheli Play

Famous ANAND RAGHUNANDAN Hindi play, which is the first Hindi play (According to Dr. Ramchandra Shukla and Bharatendu Harishchandra) was written in Rewa by Maharaja Vishwanath Singh. It's language is not Bagheli but it is Braj.

Yogesh Tripathi is the first person to write full length original Bagheli stage play CHHAHUR totally based on bagheli folk and culture. He also staged and directed this play in Madhya Pradesh Natya Samaroh at Damoh in the year 2005. He is recepiant of Mohan Rakesh Award, for his well known book MUJHE AMRITA CHAHIYE.

इसके अलावा पठन == == पाठक * रुBagheli के Phonetics: एक ध्वन्यात्मक और Phonological हिन्दी के एक भाषा अध्ययन का.नई दिल्ली: राष्ट्रीय पब. घर, 1980.

  • शुक्ल, हीरा लाल. Bagheli Phonemes के Contrastive वितरण.रायपुर: मध्यप्रदेश, आलोक प्रकाशन, 1969.
  • शुक्ल, भगवती प्रसाद. 1972. बघेली भाषा और साहित्य हिन्दी (). इलाहाबाद: साहित्य भवन प्रा. लि

कोशी बिनय *; Tutum Padung और जीबी अमर. 2004. मध्य प्रदेश में BAGHELI बोलने वालों की एक SOCIOLINGUISTIC अध्ययन. NLCI द्वारा अप्रकाशित शोध

External links

[madhya bharteeya vindhya kshetra bhasha -- Baghelkhandi]

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