Bainbridge Island, Washington: Wikis

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Bainbridge Island, Washington
—  City  —
Eagle Harbor
Location of Bainbridge Island, Washington
Coordinates: 47°39′19″N 122°32′6″W / 47.65528°N 122.535°W / 47.65528; -122.535Coordinates: 47°39′19″N 122°32′6″W / 47.65528°N 122.535°W / 47.65528; -122.535
Country United States
State Washington
County Kitsap
Area
 - Total 65.5 sq mi (169.7 km2)
 - Land 27.6 sq mi (71.5 km2)
 - Water 37.9 sq mi (98.2 km2)
Population (2000)
 - Total 22,308
 Density 735.6/sq mi (284.0/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 98110
Area code(s) 206
FIPS code 53-03736[1]

Bainbridge Island is an island-city in Kitsap County, Washington, United States, located in Puget Sound. The population was 20,308 at the 2000 census but is now estimated at over 26,000.

In July 2005, CNN/Money and Money magazine named Bainbridge Island the second-best place to live in the United States.[2] Its crime rate is also significantly below the national average.[3]

The local newspapers are the Bainbridge Island Review (weekly) and the Kitsap Sun (a daily that also produces the weekly Islander). The Bainbridge Conversation and the Voice of Bainbridge are two blogs with regular commentary on island issues.

Contents

History

In 1792 George Vancouver spent several days with his ship HMS Discovery anchored off Restoration Point at the southern end of Bainbridge Island while boat parties surveyed other parts of Puget Sound. Vancouver spent a day investigating Rich Passage, Port Orchard, and Sinclair Inlet. He failed to find Agate Passage and so his maps show Bainbridge Island as a peninsula. Vancouver named Restoration Point on May 29, the anniversary of the English Restoration, in honor of King Charles II.[4]

In 1841, U.S. Navy Lieutenant Charles Wilkes visited the island while surveying the Northwest. Lt. Wilkes named the island after Commodore William Bainbridge, commander of the frigate U.S.S. Constitution in the War of 1812. Bainbridge Island was originally a center for the logging and shipbuilding industries. The island was known for huge and accessible cedars, which were especially in demand for ships' masts. The original county seat of Kitsap County was at Port Madison on the north end of the island. During World War II, Japanese-American residents of Bainbridge Island were the first to be sent to internment camps. They were held by the U.S. government through the duration of the war for fear of espionage.

The city of Bainbridge Island has occupied the entire island since February 28, 1991, when the former City of Winslow (around 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) of land on Eagle Harbor, incorporated August 9, 1947) annexed the rest of the island. Since the 1960s, Bainbridge Island has become an increasingly affluent bedroom community of Seattle, a 35-minute ride away on the Washington State Ferries. The community has been especially concerned with preserving green space and keeping a tight control over development, both residential and commercial. The Bainbridge Island Land Trust, city and park district are instrumental in maintaining island open space.

In 2001, Bainbridge Island Little League were represented in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania at the Little League World Series.

The sports programs are highly successful including the High School lacrosse team, known for their numerous state titles, the most recent on May 19, 2007 over rival Mercer Island, their 11th state title.[5] The island's high school sailing team has been the reigning Northwest Interscholastic Sailing Association[6] district double handed team racing champions for the past five seasons, and is currently ranked 12th in the nation.[7] The high school's percussion ensemble has competed in the WMEA Solo & Ensemble for years and is currently ranked 2nd in the state.

Geography

Aerial view of eastern part of Bainbridge Island adjoining Puget Sound, with Agate Passage in center.

Bainbridge Island is located at 47°39′19″N 122°32′06″W / 47.655260°N 122.535083°W / 47.655260; -122.535083 (47.655260, -122.535083).[8]

Bainbridge Island was formed during the last ice age—13,000 to 15,000 years ago—when the 3000-foot thick Vashon Glacier scraped out the Puget Sound and Hood Canal basins.

Bainbridge Island is located within the Central Puget Sound Basin, east of the Kitsap Peninsula and west of the City of Seattle. The island is approximately five miles (8 km) wide and ten miles (16 km) long, encompassing nearly 17,778 acres, or 28 square miles (73 km2), and is one of the larger islands in Puget Sound.

Bainbridge Island shorelines border the main body of Puget Sound, a large protected embayment, Port Orchard Bay, and two high-current tidal passages, Rich Passage and Agate Pass. The island is characterized by an irregular coastline of approximately 53 miles (85 km), with numerous bays and inlets and a significant diversity of other coastal land forms, including spits, bluffs, dunes, lagoons, cuspate forelands, tombolos, tide flats, streams and tidal deltas, islands, and rocky outcrops.

Prominent land and coastal features include:

  • Agate Point
  • Arrow Point
  • Bainbridge Reef
  • Baker Hill
  • Battle Point
  • Beans Bight
  • Bill Point
  • Blakely Harbor
  • Blakely Rock, 47°35′41″N 122°28′50″W / 47.59472°N 122.48056°W / 47.59472; -122.48056
  • Creosote, a low flat on the south side to the entrance of Eagle Harbor, extending 350 yards inland, then rising abruptly to over 200 feet
  • Decatur Reef
  • Eagle Harbor, the main port of Bainbridge
  • Fletcher Bay
  • Gazzam Lake
  • Hidden Cove
  • Little Boston, a small area on southern BI near Old Mill and Port Blakely
  • Manzanita Bay
  • Murden Cove, an open bight on the eastern side of Bainbridge Island
  • Pleasant Beach
  • Point Monroe
  • Point White Dock
  • Port Madison
  • Restoration Point
  • Rockaway Beach
  • Rolling Bay
  • Skiff Point
  • South Beach
  • South Point
  • Treasure Island
  • Tyee Shoal
  • Wing Point
  • Yeomalt Point

On the Kitsap Peninsula, Bremerton and Poulsbo lie across the Port Orchard channel to the west, and the city of Port Orchard lies across Rich Passage to the south.

The island is quite hilly and is known for its popular 'Chilly Hilly' bicycle ride held every year in February. This ride has been the unofficial start to the bicycling season in the Pacific Northwest since 1975.

Bainbridge Island is connected to the Kitsap Peninsula by a bridge carrying SR 305 over Agate Passage. The only other public way off the island is by Washington State Ferries service from Winslow in Eagle Harbor to Coleman Dock in Seattle.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of has a total area of 169.7 km2 (65.5 mi2). 71.5 km2 (27.6 mi2) of it is land and 98.2 km2 (37.9 mi2) of it (57.87%) is water.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1950 637
1960 919 44.3%
1970 1,461 59.0%
1980 2,196 50.3%
1990 3,081 40.3%
2000 20,308 559.1%
Est. 2008 21,890 7.8%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 20,308 people, 7,979 households, and 5,784 families residing in the city. The population density was 284.0/km2 (735.6/mi2). There were 8,517 housing units at an average density of 119.1/km2 (308.5/mi2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.88% White, 0.28% African American, 0.62% Native American, 2.40% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 2.96% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos, of any race, were 2.17% of the population.

There were 7,979 households out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.1% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 33.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.

According to a 2007 estimate[9], the median income for a household in the city was $88,243, and the median income for a family was $108,605. Males had a median income of $65,853 versus $42,051 for females. The per capita income for the city was $37,482. About 3.0% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Bainbridge Island is a stronghold for the Democratic Party. In the 2004 Presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 72.87% of the vote to Republican George W. Bush's 25.58%[1]. In 2008, Barack Obama defeated John McCain by a margin of 77.79% to 20.79%[2].

In the 2009 election, Bainbridge Island passed Referendum 71, the "Everything but Marriage" gay rights bill, with 79.40% of the vote[3]. It received 53.15% statewide. Bainbridge Island was one of the few municipalities in the state where the measure outperformed Obama.

In the 2008 Democratic primary (which in Washington state was not used for delegate appointment), Barack Obama defeated Hillary Clinton by a margin of 67.8% to 29.7%[4]. This was Obama's second-best performance in an incorporated municipality in the state, behind Yarrow Point. In the earlier caucus, Obama received 79.3% of delegates, Clinton received 19.8%, and 0.1% were uncommitted[5].

Famous residents

Sister cities

Bainbridge has the following sister cities:

See also

Points of interest

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "Money Best Places to Live 2005". CNN/Money.com. July 2005. http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/bplive/2005/index.html. Retrieved 2005-07-18. 
  3. ^ Bainbridge Island Crime Statistics and Crime Data (Bainbridge Island, WA)
  4. ^ Roberts, John E. (2005). A Discovery Journal: George Vancouver's First Survey Season - 1792. Trafford Publishing. pp. 57–60, 67. ISBN 978-1412070973. 
  5. ^ "D1 final: Bainbridge Island Wins The Islands Battle". Walax.com March-19. http://www.walax.com/division_i_final_bainbridge_island_v_mercer_island. Retrieved 2007-05-21. 
  6. ^ "Northwest Interscholastic Sailing Association". http://www.nwisa.org/. Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  7. ^ "Interscholastic Sailing Association(ISSA)". http://www.highschoolsailingusa.org/NationalsResults/07BakerResults.htm. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Census Bureau Home Page
  10. ^ "Biography of David Guterson". GradeSaver. http://www.gradesaver.com/classicnotes/authors/about_david_guterson.html. Retrieved 2006-12-19. 
  11. ^ "David Guterson". Meet the Writers. Barnes & Noble.com. http://www.barnesandnoble.com/writers/writer.asp?z=y&cid=799778. Retrieved 2006-12-19. 
  12. ^ "Gone to the Dogs". The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/arts/reviews/brieflynoted/2009/10/05/091005crbn_brieflynoted4. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  13. ^ PBS
  14. ^ NWsource
  15. ^ "Research Day: Urban Legend Purge". Defective Yeti. http://www.defectiveyeti.com/archives/001119.html. Retrieved 2006-12-19. 
  16. ^ "The Professor's Place". http://www.russell-johnson.com/Sunken_Treasures/Russell_Johnson_Photos/Order_Form/order_form.html. Retrieved 2006-12-19. 
  17. ^ College Grad Job Hunter
  18. ^ Easy Digital Home Movies
  19. ^ "Jack Olsen, Crime Writer". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. 2002-07-19. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/79191_olsen19.shtml. Retrieved 2007-01-01. 
  20. ^ "The Real Thing". SPIN. July 1996. http://web.stargate.net/soundgarden/articles/spin_7-96.shtml. Retrieved 2006-12-19. 
  21. ^ Swimming at About.com
  22. ^ Sarah Tuff. "I'm a Runner: Ed Viesturs". Runner's World. http://www.runnersworld.com/article/0,7120,s6-243-297--11104-0,00.html. Retrieved 2006-12-19. 
  23. ^ "ESC". GradeSaver. http://www.spacecamp.no. Retrieved 2006-12-19. 
  24. ^ IslandWood homepage/

External links

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