Balcony: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A balcony comprising a balustrade supported at either end by plinths. The balcony is supported on console brackets.

Balcony (from Italian: balcone, scaffold; cf. Old High German balcho, beam, balk; probably cognate with Persian term بالكانه bālkāneh or its older variant پالكانه pālkāneh[1]), a kind of platform projecting from the wall of a building, supported by columns or console brackets, and enclosed with a balustrade. The traditional Maltese balcony is a wooden closed balcony projecting from a wall.

Alternatively, Juliet balconies (named after Shakespeare's Juliet, who courted Romeo from her balcony in the play Romeo and Juliet) do not protrude out of the building. They are usually part of an upper floor, with a balustrade only at the front, and walls on the sides. Various types of balcony have been used in depicting the scene; in particular the balcony of Juliet at Villa Capuleti in Verona is not in fact a Juliet balcony.[citation needed]

Sometimes balconies are adapted for ceremonial purposes, e.g. that of St. Peter's Basilica at Rome, when the newly elected pope gives his blessing urbi et orbi after the conclave. Inside churches, balconies are sometimes provided for the singers, and in banqueting halls and the like for the musicians.

A unit with a regular balcony will have doors that open up onto a small patio with railings. To the contrary, a French balcony is actually a false balcony, with doors that open to a railing with a view of the courtyard or the surrounding scenery below.

In theatres, the balcony was formerly a stage-box, but the name is now usually confined to the part of the auditorium above the dress circle and below the gallery.

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Famous uses of balconies

Balconies have been used extensively in many television, movie, and stage performances. One of the most famous of all is, by far, the famous "balcony scene" in William Shakespeare's famous tragedy, Romeo and Juliet.

Balconies today

Nowadays it is very common to see beautiful balconies installed on facades, especially in beach and mountain areas. New improvements have been made to the design, making it more affordable and easier to install a Juliet balcony. One can search online and find companies that sell ready made balconies that just attach to the building structure. Hotels, condominiums and apartment complexes make good use of the convenience and the added value of a Juliet balcony. The modern terminology has changed slightly with reference to balconies. A true balcony includes a platform, where people can stand on; a false or fake balcony has no platform and acts just as a railing on a french door. In this case the doors need to open to the inside.

Balcony names

Manufacturers have given interesting names to their balcony designs. They refer to the origin of the design, i.e. Italian balcony, Spanish balcony, Mexican balcony, Ecuadorian balcony, etc. They also refer to the shape and form of the pickets used for the balcony railings, i.e. knuckle balcony, goose balcony, pot belly balcony, etc.

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Dehkhoda Persian Dictionary

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

BALCONY (Ital. bale - Owe from balco, scaffold; cf. O. H. Ger. balcho, beam, Mod. Ger. Balken, Eng. balk), a kind of platform projecting from the wall of a building, supported by columns or console brackets, and enclosed with a balustrade. Sometimes balconies are adapted for ceremonial purposes, e.g. that of St Peter's at Rome, whence the newly elected pope gives his blessing urbi et orbi. Inside churches balconies are sometimes provided for the singers, and in banqueting halls and the like for the musicians. In theatres the "balcony" was formerly a stage-box, but the name is now usually confined to the part of the auditorium above the dress circle and below the gallery.


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Simple English

A balcony is a kind of floor at a certain height, which stands out from the building. Usually, there is some kind of balustrade so people do not fall off.








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