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Bamboo
Bamboo forest in Kyoto, Japan
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Supertribe: Bambusodae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Kunth ex Dumort.
Subtribes
Diversity
Around 92 genera and 5,000 species
.Bamboo About this sound listen are a group of perennial evergreen (except for certain temperate species) plants in the true grass family Poaceae, subfamily Bambusoideae, tribe Bambuseae.^ Some plants called "bamboo" are not grasses.

^ The leaves most frequently used in Chinese herbal medicine are collected from another plant, Lophatherum gracile , the grass bamboo, one of the smallest of the bamboo-like plants.
  • Bamboo as Medicine 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.itmonline.org [Source type: Reference]

^ SharePoint Analyzer SharePoint Analyzer is a tool that Bamboo has developed to help our customers and support group to have a good overview of their SharePoint environment.

.Giant bamboos are the largest members of the grass family.^ Although they have a carnivorous ancestry and are members of the bear family (Ursidae), giant pandas have evolved a vegetarian diet of bamboos and eat the entire shoots, leaves and stems.

^ Grass-like members of the sedge family (Cyperaceae) have also been used to make sea-worthy boats, including papyrus ( Cyperus papyrus ) and bulrushes of the genus Schoenoplectus .

^ Bamboos belong to the grass family, and their flowers look a lot like the flowers of other grasses, usually nothing spectacular, but quite varied.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.In bamboo, wheat and other grasses, the internodal regions of the plant stem are hollow, but the vascular bundles, as seen in cross section, are scattered throughout the stem instead of in a cylindrical arrangement.^ Some plants called "bamboo" are not grasses.

^ The curve provides the cross-sectional dimensions of a bamboo reinforced beam that will have the same bending moment resistance coefficient as a balanced steel reinforced beam, singly reinforced.
  • BAMBOO REINFORCED CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.romanconcrete.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The leaves most frequently used in Chinese herbal medicine are collected from another plant, Lophatherum gracile , the grass bamboo, one of the smallest of the bamboo-like plants.
  • Bamboo as Medicine 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.itmonline.org [Source type: Reference]

Also, the dicotyledonous woody xylem is absent. .The absence of secondary growth, wood, causes the stems of monocots, even of palms and large bamboos, to be columnar rather than tapering.^ Bamboo is best known for its hard stems (culms) that are used in place of wood for a variety of applications, including furniture, scaffolding, flutes, fence posts, flooring, and even bicycle frames.
  • Bamboo as Medicine 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.itmonline.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Other houses show off bamboo in more straightforward ways, lining the ceilings or floors with stems, or even forming walls.
  • Green Home Building: Natural Building Techniques: Bamboo 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.greenhomebuilding.com [Source type: General]

^ Monocot stems, such as bamboo and palms, do not have a vascular cambium and do not exhibit secondary growth by the production of concentric annual rings.

[1]
.Bamboos are also the fastest growing woody plants in the world.^ Bamboo, a type of grass, is the fastest growing plant in the world.
  • Bamboo as Medicine 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.itmonline.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Bamboo is the fastest growing plant on earth with an average growth rate of 12 - 19 inches per day (Jinhe Fu, 2000).
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bamboos do not develop their full cold-hardiness until well established, and planting in spring gives the plant a longer growing season to get established and develop its cold-hardiness before the next cold season.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.February 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] They are capable of growing up to 60 centimeters (24 in.^ The proper time to lift and divide the rhizomes is in February, March, or early April, just before the buds begin to push (grow up forming plants).
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It loads well in-close with a DT 5 and fishes beautifully with smaller flies and fine tippets, but is capable of pin-point accuracy up to 60 feet if required.
  • Bamboo Inventory 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.codella.com [Source type: General]

^ In the spring, new shoots growing up through the clump are initially black, turning more burgundy color as they gain height.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

) or more per day due to a unique rhizome-dependent system. .However, this astounding growth rate is highly dependent on local soil and climatic conditions.^ The quality of the culm wood, speed of growth and final height depends on the bamboo’s growing conditions.

^ The size and appearance of any particular bamboo variety may vary significantly depending upon climate and conditions.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ If the rhizomes are strong, the buds sound, and the stems and roots satisfactory, growth will start promptly and be maintained steadily if soil and other conditions are right.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bamboos are of notable economic and cultural significance in East Asia and South East Asia where they are used extensively in everyday life as building materials, as a food source and as a highly versatile raw product.^ Cut down bamboo trees from South East Asia country.

^ Bamboo Roofing A number of cultures have used bamboo for roofing materials.
  • Natural Building Colloquium 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.networkearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Besides feeding pandas and making a yummy addition to many Asian dishes, bamboo is also used as a building material, both functional and decorative.
  • Green Home Building: Natural Building Techniques: Bamboo 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.greenhomebuilding.com [Source type: General]

.There are more than 70 genera divided into about 1,500 species.^ Worldwide, approximately 87 genera and over 1,500 species of bamboo exist ( 2 ), with roughly 100 species comprising those of economical importance.
  • Bamboo: A Multipurpose Agroforestry Crop 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.attra.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chusquea This genus comes from Central and South America where there are about 90 species.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ This hole should be about 1/2 inch from the end and no more than 3/8 inch in diameter.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

[2] .They are found in diverse climates, from cold mountains to hot tropical regions.^ Bambusa guadua, the tropical giant bamboo, is the most versatile, reliable architectural material of its native mountainous regions.
  • Green Home Building: Natural Building Techniques: Bamboo 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.greenhomebuilding.com [Source type: General]

^ Hot and dry climates may choose from recommendations made for the southwest or high desert, colder mountain climates from the northern recommendations, etc.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Now they are restricted to isolated mountain regions in which there are relatively few species of bamboo.

They occur across East Asia, from 50°N latitude in Sakhalin[citation needed] through to Northern Australia, and west to India and the Himalayas.[3] .They also occur in sub-Saharan Africa, and in the Americas from the Mid-Atlantic United States[4] south to Argentina and Chile, reaching their southernmost point anywhere, at 47°S latitude.^ Indigenous bamboos are widely found throughout Asia, Africa, Australia, and North and South America.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ This occurs by cutting some of the new shoots before they reach 2 feet in height.

^ The clumping types are typically of tropical or subtropical origin and therefore have limited geographical suitability in the United States since they cannot withstand freezing temperatures.
  • Bamboo: A Multipurpose Agroforestry Crop 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.attra.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Continental Europe is not known to have any native species of bamboo.^ Running bamboos are mostly from temperate climates of Japan, northern China, Siberia and one native species in the United States.

^ In North America there are only three native species of bamboo as opposed to the 440 species native to Latin America.
  • Natural Building Colloquium 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.networkearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Bamboo Plant The largest of the grasses, there are over 1600 species of bamboo, 64 percent of which are native to Southeast Asia.
  • Natural Building Colloquium 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.networkearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5]

Contents

Ecology

Growth

Bamboo plants growing in the Philippines
.Bamboo is the fastest-growing known plant on Earth; it has been measured surging skyward as fast as 121 cm (48 in) in a 24-hour period,[6] and can also reach maximal growth rate exceeding one meter (39 inches) per hour for short periods of time.^ An extremely fast-growing Timber Bamboo.

^ Bamboo is the fastest growing plant on earth with an average growth rate of 12 - 19 inches per day (Jinhe Fu, 2000).
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bamboo rugs are made from the toughest and fastest growing plant on the planet.

Many prehistoric bamboos exceeded heights of 85 metres (279 ft). .Primarily growing in regions of warmer climates during the Cretaceous period, vast fields existed in what is now Asia.^ Shoots of some species in mature groves in tropical climates have actually been clocked growing 4 feet in one 24-hour period!
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ As well as that, bamboo needs only a small amount of water during the growing period so they can survive droughts.

^ Spreading rhizomes require moisture and grow primarily during the warm summer months when most of the western states are dry.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.Unlike trees, all bamboo have the potential to grow to full height and girth in a single growing season of 3–4 months.^ All grow best in full sun but can take some shade.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Canes are allowed to grow to their full height in the spring, and then cut back to the desired height before the branches put out leaves.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no increase in girth of the bamboo culm after it appears above ground, but the culm elongates joint by joint until it reaches its maximum height.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During this first season, the clump of young shoots grow vertically, with no branching.^ Avoid harvesting during the shooting season.

^ As the plant progresses the ”bush” supplies the energy to push up the new culm shoots higher above the bush during the following shooting seasons.

^ Long known for its large, olive green culms, vertical and clumping growth habit, and tasty shoots.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.In the next year, the pulpy wall of each culm slowly dries and hardens.^ The walls harden for about 2-3 years, when the bamboo culm is completely mature.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The clumps slowly enlarge as new culms emerge every year, but may ultimately need to expand to anywhere from a 3 to 10 ft.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ The culms come up green and slowly turn black during the first year or two.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.The culm begins to sprout branches and leaves from each node.^ In order to create the flow upwards the culm needs branches with leaves.

^ Great for erosion control or as a hedge, this vertical bamboo with small leaves is distinctive because of its short culm internodes (4-6"), and the first few internodes of each branch are hollow.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Leaves are usually small and narrow, and most are clumpers with gracefully arching or trailing culms and branches.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.During the third year, the culm further hardens.^ The culms come up green and slowly turn black during the first year or two.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ The walls harden for about 2-3 years, when the bamboo culm is completely mature.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Culms originating during each succeeding year grow a few feet taller than those of the year before until the ultimate height for the species is reached.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The shoot is now considered a fully mature culm.^ Thus, each year's “crop” of shoots is larger than the last, until the mature size for the species is reached and new culms continue to come up at the mature size.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Eventually this will produce a lower area comprised of culms at various stages of maturity, including the new shoots.

^ New shoots have coppery orange sheaths, similar to Fargesia dracocephala 'Rufa,' and mature culms are light green, turning burgundy color with sun directly on the culm.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.Over the next 2–5 years (depending on species), fungus and mould begin to form on the outside of the culm, which eventually penetrate and overcome the culm.^ This may take a number of years, depending on the size and age of the original planting, the species, and the growing conditions.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Thus, each year's “crop” of shoots is larger than the last, until the mature size for the species is reached and new culms continue to come up at the mature size.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Once the tops of some of the culms have developed into fully formed, leafy branches you may begin pruning the bush away.

.Around 5 – 8 years later (species and climate dependent), the fungal and mold growth cause the culm to collapse and decay.^ This may take a number of years, depending on the size and age of the original planting, the species, and the growing conditions.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Thus, each year's “crop” of shoots is larger than the last, until the mature size for the species is reached and new culms continue to come up at the mature size.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ The quality of the culm wood, speed of growth and final height depends on the bamboo’s growing conditions.

.This brief life means culms are ready for harvest and suitable for use in construction within 3 – 7 years.^ Bamboo reaches maturity quickly and is ready for harvesting in about 4 years.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thousands of poles are harvested and used in Alabama each year.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thin culm sheaths fall away within a year.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

Mass flowering

.Although some bamboos flower every year, most species flower infrequently.^ In fact, most species of bamboo are not monocarpic.

^ Flowering of Bamboos One of the mysteries of bamboo is how some species are able to flower periodically all over the world at the same time.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Rodents are very fond of bamboo grains and if the seed predators were in tune with bamboo flowering and fruiting, they could easily destroy the bulk of the seed crop each year.

.In fact, many bamboos only flower at intervals as long as 60 or 120 years.^ The flowering is rare, occurring only once in many years.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With abundant food, the rodent population could increase substantially during the year following the bamboo flowering cycle; but for the next 30 to 60 years (or more), the rodent population would decrease and stabilize again while the bamboo populations regenerate.

^ Using only the exterior part of the bamboo, which is four times as strong as the interior, they created tension cables up to 120 meters long.
  • Natural Building Colloquium 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.networkearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These taxa exhibit mass flowering (or gregarious flowering), with all plants in the population flowering simultaneously.^ These yields, reported in Table 7, are calculated on basis of cutting all the plants (not selective cutting).
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of these are emails from people all across the country who mail-ordered plants from our website.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ We do not sell plants that we know to be going into "gregarious flowering" stage, however we also do not have records adequate to predict when most species will flower.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.The longest mass flowering interval known is 130 years, and is found for all the species Phyllostachys bambusoides (Sieb.^ Flowering of Bamboos One of the mysteries of bamboo is how some species are able to flower periodically all over the world at the same time.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ The most important genus for bamboo shoot production in the temperate U.S. is Phyllostachys , which consists of about 60 species, all of which are edible.
  • Bamboo: A Multipurpose Agroforestry Crop 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.attra.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is called “gregarious flowering.” This was the case with Phyllostachys bambusoides when it flowered during the 1970's, as it has done every 120 years through recorded bamboo history.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

& Zucc.). .In this species, all plants of the same stock flower at the same time, regardless of differences in geographic locations or climatic conditions, then the bamboo dies.^ Flowering of Bamboos One of the mysteries of bamboo is how some species are able to flower periodically all over the world at the same time.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ All plants of the same species, regardless of age or size, over a wide region will bloom at one time.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Flowering is rare and varies from species to species; behavior differs even among the same species in the same location.

.The lack of environmental impact on the time of flowering indicates the presence of some sort of “alarm clock” in each cell of the plant which signals the diversion of all energy to flower production and the cessation of vegetative growth.^ It is considered by some botanists to be the most widely distributed of all vascular seed plants.

^ Solar plants - Wind Farms - Hydro electric plants - Biofuel plants - Biomass energy plants - Biogas plants - Wood pellets production plants .
  • Bamboo Hugger 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC bamboohugger.com [Source type: General]

^ Flowering of Bamboos One of the mysteries of bamboo is how some species are able to flower periodically all over the world at the same time.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

[7] This mechanism, as well as the evolutionary cause behind it, is still largely a mystery.
One theory to explain the evolution of this semelparous mass flowering is the predator satiation hypothesis. .This theory argues that by fruiting at the same time, a population increases the survival rate of their seeds by flooding the area with fruit so that even if predators eat their fill, there will still be seeds left over.^ Rodents are very fond of bamboo grains and if the seed predators were in tune with bamboo flowering and fruiting, they could easily destroy the bulk of the seed crop each year.

^ Not only will Round-up poison your soil (and possibly yourself), but the root mass left in the ground will make other uses or replanting of the same area difficult, if not impossible, and often the plants will still re-shoot.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Even more astonishing is the fact that over huge geographic areas all the bamboo of a single species may flower and fruit at the same time, resulting in enormous grain (seed) production and widespread die-offs.

.By having a flowering cycle longer than the lifespan of the rodent predators, bamboos can regulate animal populations by causing starvation during the period between flowering events.^ With abundant food, the rodent population could increase substantially during the year following the bamboo flowering cycle; but for the next 30 to 60 years (or more), the rodent population would decrease and stabilize again while the bamboo populations regenerate.

^ Flowering of Bamboos One of the mysteries of bamboo is how some species are able to flower periodically all over the world at the same time.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Plus bamboo uses little water during the growth period which means they can survive droughts.

.Thus, according to this hypothesis, the death of the adult clone is due to resource exhaustion, as it would be more effective for parent plants to devote all resources to creating a large seed crop than to hold back energy for their own regeneration.^ Clumpers make excellent specimen plants and will also form very dense screens, but more slowly than runners.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ I immediately planted all but one in large tree pots, and the last in its designated spot in my front garden.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Bamboos grown indoors are more vulnerable to insect pests and disease , as they are generally more stressed than they would be outdoors.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

[8]
.A second theory, the fire cycle hypothesis, argues that periodic flowering followed by death of the adult plants has evolved as a mechanism to create disturbance in the habitat, thus providing the seedlings with a gap in which to grow.^ With an average human life cycle of perhaps eighty years, few mortal botanists have ever followed the life cycle of a particular bamboo plant from germination to flowering!

^ Since bamboo is one of the fastest growing plants on the planet, bamboo screens and hedges can be created more quickly and inexpensively, compared to other plants or trees.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Occasional stressing of plants during periods of the growth cycle has been known to result in greater strength and resilience.

.This hypothesis argues that the dead culms create a large fuel load, and also a large target for lightning strikes, increasing the likelihood of wildfire.^ This thinning process concentrates plant growth into a comparatively few large culms and gradually increases the height and strength of the forest.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'Slender Crookstem'   This form of bambusoides often grows with marked zig-zags or S-curves in the lower part of the culm, which is quite striking on such large canes.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

[9] .Because bamboos are very aggressive as early successional plants, the seedlings would be able to outstrip other plants and take over the space left by their parents.^ I am VERY happy with my bamboo plants and will not hesitate to order more from you in the years to come.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ But its rhizomes are very short, so the bamboo plant stays more contained in a "clump."
  • Natural Building Colloquium 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.networkearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The bamboo grower will have to be assured of a market before he can take the risk of investments in planting.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, both have been disputed for different reasons. .The predator satiation theory does not explain why the flowering cycle is 10 times longer than the lifespan of the local rodents, something not predicted by the theory.^ This may explain why some cultivated bamboos have the same flowering cycle and mortality as populations on different continents.

^ With massive fruiting only once or twice in a century, the bamboos avoid tracking by vertebrates whose generation time is much shorter than the flowering cycle.

.The bamboo fire cycle theory is considered by a few scientists to be unreasonable; they argue[10] that fires only result from humans and there is no natural fire in India.^ Individual culms and rhizomes only live an average of 5-10 years, and the culms grow no taller or bigger with age.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ They are not tolerant of dry conditions and can only take a few degrees of frost.
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^ There is really no limit to the uses of laminated bamboo.
  • Natural Building Colloquium 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.networkearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This notion is considered wrong based on distribution of lightning strike data during the dry season throughout India.[11]
The mass fruiting also has direct economic and ecological consequences, however. The huge increase in available fruit in the forests often causes a boom in rodent populations, leading to increases in disease and famine in nearby human populations. .For example, there are devastating consequences when the Melocanna bambusoides population flowers and fruits once every 30–35 years around the Bay of Bengal.^ With abundant food, the rodent population could increase substantially during the year following the bamboo flowering cycle; but for the next 30 to 60 years (or more), the rodent population would decrease and stabilize again while the bamboo populations regenerate.

^ Rodents are very fond of bamboo grains and if the seed predators were in tune with bamboo flowering and fruiting, they could easily destroy the bulk of the seed crop each year.

^ The flowering is rare, occurring only once in many years.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The death of the bamboo plants following their fruiting means the local people lose their building material, and the large increase in bamboo fruit leads to a rapid increase in rodent populations.^ With abundant food, the rodent population could increase substantially during the year following the bamboo flowering cycle; but for the next 30 to 60 years (or more), the rodent population would decrease and stabilize again while the bamboo populations regenerate.

^ Large timber bamboos, including Dendrocalamus giganteus and Bambusa oldhamii are used for scaffolding, bridge-building, water pipes, storage vessels and to build houses.

^ This thinning process concentrates plant growth into a comparatively few large culms and gradually increases the height and strength of the forest.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As the number of rodents increase, they consume all available food, including grain fields and stored food, sometimes leading to famine.^ Farmers are also sometimes converting food areas over to bamboo as the prices they can fetch for bamboo is often more lucrative.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rodents are very fond of bamboo grains and if the seed predators were in tune with bamboo flowering and fruiting, they could easily destroy the bulk of the seed crop each year.

^ Then in spring and sometimes fall, they pump the accumulated energy into new shoots (culms), which achieve all of their height in about 30-60 days.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

These rats can also carry dangerous diseases such as typhus, typhoid, and bubonic plague, which can reach epidemic proportions as the rodents increase in number.[7][8]

Bamboo in animal diets

Bamboo is the main food of the Giant Panda; it makes up 99% of the Panda's diet.
.Soft bamboo shoots, stems, and leaves are the major food source of the Giant Panda of China and the Red Panda of Nepal.^ Food for the giant panda.

^ One of the prime foods of the giant pandas, growing at elevations of up to 10,000 feet in China.

^ "Madake"   Also known as “Giant Japanese Timber Bamboo,” this plant has bright green smooth canes and medium size leaves.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

Rats will eat the fruits as described above. .Mountain Gorillas of Africa also feed on bamboo and have been documented consuming bamboo sap which was fermented and alcoholic;[citation needed] chimps and elephants of the region also eat the stalks.^ A genus of clumping mountain bamboos from east Asia and Africa similar in appearance to Fargesia.
  • Bamboo Plantation - Bamboo Species Price List! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooplantation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now they are restricted to isolated mountain regions in which there are relatively few species of bamboo.

^ Chimonocalamus A group of medium sized clumping bamboos from subtropical mountainous regions of Yunnan, China.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

[12]

Cultivation

Bamboo foliage with yellow stems (probably Phyllostachys aurea)

Commercial timber

Timber is harvested from cultivated and wild stands and some of the larger bamboos, particularly species in the genus Phyllostachys, are known as "timber bamboos".

Harvesting

.Bamboo used for construction purposes must be harvested when the culms reach their greatest strength and when sugar levels in the sap are at their lowest, as high sugar content increases the ease and rate of pest infestation.^ Bamboo has been used as a construction material in certain areas for centuries, but its application as reinforcement in concrete had received little attention until the Clemson study.
  • BAMBOO REINFORCED CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.romanconcrete.com [Source type: Reference]

^ For bamboo, the issue seems to be the chemical use at the production level.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bamboo reaches maturity quickly and is ready for harvesting in about 4 years.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Harvesting of bamboo is typically undertaken according to the following cycles.^ With an average human life cycle of perhaps eighty years, few mortal botanists have ever followed the life cycle of a particular bamboo plant from germination to flowering!

^ Some bamboos observed in cultivation are greatly weakened or die back following the blooming cycle, but actually recover in a few years and may even live to bloom again.

.1) Life cycle of the clump: As each individual culm goes through a 5-7 year life cycle, culms are ideally allowed to reach this level of maturity prior to full capacity harvesting.^ Bamboo reaches maturity quickly and is ready for harvesting in about 4 years.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Individual culms and rhizomes only live an average of 5-10 years, and the culms grow no taller or bigger with age.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Generally speaking, with any bamboo, you can expect on the average, a 1” increase in culm diameter each year together with at least 10’ added to the height if the clump is healthy.

.The clearing out or thinning of culms, particularly older decaying culms, helps to ensure adequate light and resources for new growth.^ Old or dead culms can be thinned out to make more light available for new growth.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ New shoots have culm sheaths that are dark brown with light brown spots.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ This thinning process concentrates plant growth into a comparatively few large culms and gradually increases the height and strength of the forest.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Well maintained clumps may have a productivity 3-4 times that of an unharvested wild clump.^ By the time the mother plant finishes flowering, you may already have new seedlings well on their way!
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ It may also be pruned once or twice a year to maintain a lower ground cover or hedge, but this is often not necessary, as it overwinters well.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Because the clump will naturally attempt to fill in the gaps if given the time, pruning must be consistently maintained.

.2) Life cycle of the culm: As per the life cycle described above, bamboo is harvested from 2–3 years through to 5–7 years, depending on the species.^ (See Fig 4) Splitting the bamboo can he done by separating the base with a sharp knife and then pulling a dulled blade through the culm.
  • BAMBOO REINFORCED CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.romanconcrete.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Age of bamboo varied from 15 to 20 years, with average yield of 17-54 tons per acre.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Timber Press Pocket Guide to Bamboos The Timber Press Pocket Guide to Bamboos covers 35 genera of bamboos in cultivation and describes more than 300 species and cultivars.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.3) Annual cycle: As all growth of new bamboo occurs during the wet season, disturbing the clump during this phase will potentially damage the upcoming crop.^ As the plant progresses the ”bush” supplies the energy to push up the new culm shoots higher above the bush during the following shooting seasons.

^ (Chinese Goddess) Semi-dwarf, clumping bamboo with graceful vase-like growth habit.

^ Plus bamboo uses little water during the growth period which means they can survive droughts.

.Also during this high rain fall period, sap levels are at their highest and then diminish towards the dry season.^ We have harvested circumstantially in the past during shooting season with high starch content in the bamboo.

^ Here every season has its advantages, with spring and summer offering the most active growing periods and fall, winter and spring sharing the rainy season.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Now, during the spring, these streams can swell to dangerous levels after a heavy rain and erosion has become a real problem.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

.Picking immediately prior to the wet/growth season may also damage new shoots.^ It is likely that you will miss a few root fragments here and there, and over the next few seasons you may see an occasional shoot coming up.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ As the plant progresses the ”bush” supplies the energy to push up the new culm shoots higher above the bush during the following shooting seasons.

^ These harvesters cut mostly the outer shoots or culms, thus forcing new growth to occur inside the clump.

Hence harvesting is best at the end of the dry season, a few months prior to the start of the wet.
.4) Daily cycle: During the height of the day, Photosynthesis is at its peak producing the highest levels of sugar in sap, making this the least ideal time of day to harvest.^ The thick, brown, sugary syrup produced during the separation of sugar crystals from the ground-up cane is called molasses.

^ C-4 plants have a competitive advantage during hot summer days because they are able to carry on photosynthesis in the bundle sheaths where CO 2 levels are concentrated.

.Many traditional practitioners believe that the best time to harvest is at dawn or dusk on a full moon.^ Authorities say that in order to prevent bug infestation, the best time to harvest is when the shooting is finished for the year.

This practice makes sense in terms of both moon cycles, visibility and daily cycles.

Leaching

Leaching is the removal of sap post-harvest. .In many areas of the world the sap levels in harvested bamboo are reduced either through leaching or post-harvest photosynthesis.^ When seasoned bamboo, either split or whole, is used as reinforcement, it should receive a waterproof coating to reduce swelling when in contact with concrete.
  • BAMBOO REINFORCED CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.romanconcrete.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Like certain bamboos, it spreads by underground rhizomes and has many uses by people throughout the world.

^ Bamboo plantations are large factories for photosynthesis which reduces greenhouse gases.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Examples of this practice include:
  1. Cut bamboo is raised clear of the ground and leant against the rest of the clump for 1–2 weeks until leaves turn yellow to allow full consumption of sugars by the plant
  2. A similar method is undertaken but with the base of the culm standing in fresh water, either in a large drum or stream to leach out sap
  3. Cut culms are immersed in a running stream and weighted down for 3–4 weeks
  4. Water is pumped through the freshly cut culms forcing out the sap (this method is often used in conjunction with the injection of some form of treatment)
.In the process of water leaching, the bamboo is dried slowly and evenly in the shade to avoid cracking in the outer skin of the bamboo, thereby reducing opportunities for pest infestation.^ GreenYarn’s “Eco-fabric” is manufactured from 4 to 5 year old Taiwanese-grown bamboo that has been dried and burned in 800 degree C ovens until it is reduced to charcoal.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I usually varnish inside and out in order to help preserve the bamboo, hopefully makeing it less susceptible to cracking as it can't dry out as fast with the varnish sealing it.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ It is believed that if bamboo were grown for pulp, the limbs would not be removed and would be used in the pulping process; hence the dry weight reported is the total for limbs and stems.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Durability of bamboo in construction is directly related to how well it is handled from the moment of planting through harvesting, transportation, storage, design, construction and maintenance.^ Sustainably Harvested & Annually Renewable: Mature bamboos produce new shoots and canes each year, which can be harvested individually without destroying the plant.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Takes the reader from planting through harvest and marketing of poles and shoots, with fine detail about propagation, maintenance and care, containment, pest management, suggested field layout, and various uses of bamboo, including uses as food for animals and humans.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Then he proceeeds to discuss structural qualities of bamboo, building codes, joinery, and design, as well as strategies for growing, harvesting, and curing the bamboo for constructions purposes.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.Bamboo harvested at the correct time of year and then exposed to ground contact or rain, will break down just as quickly as incorrectly harvested material.^ Bamboo reaches maturity quickly and is ready for harvesting in about 4 years.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Studies in China on the changes in nutrient content of bamboo shoots of different ages show there is a definite advantage to harvesting the shoots while they are still underground with sheaths just appearing above ground.
  • Bamboo: A Multipurpose Agroforestry Crop 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.attra.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sustainably Harvested & Annually Renewable: Mature bamboos produce new shoots and canes each year, which can be harvested individually without destroying the plant.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

Ornamental bamboos

.There are two general patterns for the growth of bamboo: "clumping" (sympodial) and "running" (monopodial).^ There are two ways to process bamboo to make the plant into a fabric: mechanically or chemically.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Generally speaking, with any bamboo, you can expect on the average, a 1” increase in culm diameter each year together with at least 10’ added to the height if the clump is healthy.

^ For a more thorough discussion of the advantages and disadvantages and how to choose the best type for your situation, see the section Clumping and Running Bamboos .
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.Clumping bamboo species tend to spread slowly, as the growth pattern of the rhizomes is to simply expand the root mass gradually, similar to ornamental grasses.^ Bamboo spreads by rhizomes and is a perennial.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Running bamboos spread out forming a dense, underground network of rhizomes and roots making a very effective barrier to erosion.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ (Chinese Goddess) Semi-dwarf, clumping bamboo with graceful vase-like growth habit.

."Running" bamboos, on the other hand, need to be taken care of in cultivation because of their potential for aggressive behavior.^ Once you've cut the bamboo to length you'll need to remove any inside membranes, being careful not to pierce the membrane on the mouth end.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Chemically manufactured bamboo is sometimes called bamboo rayon because of the many similarities in the way it is chemically manufactured and similarities in its feel and hand.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For more information about "Runners vs Clumpers: Choosing the Best Type for your Needs," please see Clumping and Running Bamboos .
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.They spread mainly through their roots and/or rhizomes, which can spread widely underground and send up new culms to break through the surface.^ Running bamboos spread out forming a dense, underground network of rhizomes and roots making a very effective barrier to erosion.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ As the plant progresses the ”bush” supplies the energy to push up the new culm shoots higher above the bush during the following shooting seasons.

^ This type of rhizome grows horizontally under the soil, sending up aerial culms from buds that develop at intervals along the rhizome, behind the continually growing rhizome tip.

.Running bamboo species are highly variable in their tendency to spread; this is related to both the species and the soil and climate conditions.^ Running bamboos spread out forming a dense, underground network of rhizomes and roots making a very effective barrier to erosion.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Ancient Healing: Various parts of many bamboo species have been used in CHINESE AND AYURVEDIC MEDICINE for centuries.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Height in relation to climate is somewhat predictable for most of the species, so if in doubt, check with us about height for a species in your climate.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.Some can send out runners of several meters a year, while others can stay in the same general area for long periods.^ Customer Comments Several years ago we began saving some of the wonderful comments we were getting from our happy customers.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ It took some time for the plants to establish and spread but now they have filled in nicely and cover an area about 20 feet long and 10 feet wide.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Does best if mowed every other year (leafs out again in a month).
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.If neglected, over time they can cause problems by moving into adjacent areas.^ It took some time for the plants to establish and spread but now they have filled in nicely and cover an area about 20 feet long and 10 feet wide.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Often this type of problem will cause sap or water to leak into the interior internode chambers.

^ Orange or pink fungus on the surface indicates an interior infestation problem, usually causing structural damage within a short time.

Bamboo foliage with black stems (probably Phyllostachys nigra)
.Bamboos seldom and unpredictably flower, and the frequency of flowering varies greatly from species to species.^ Flowering of Bamboos One of the mysteries of bamboo is how some species are able to flower periodically all over the world at the same time.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Ancient Healing: Various parts of many bamboo species have been used in CHINESE AND AYURVEDIC MEDICINE for centuries.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ West Coast This region has many highly varied microclimates, and thus can sustain a multitude of bamboo species.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.Once flowering takes place, a plant will decline and often die entirely.^ Plants flower for 2 or 3 years and then die.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Flowering of the individual plant may continue for 2 to 7 years and is often fatal, but with extra care and feeding, the mother plant may survive and just be smaller.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.Although there are always a few species of bamboo in flower at any given time, collectors desiring to grow specific bamboo typically obtain their plants as divisions of already-growing plants, rather than waiting for seeds to be produced.^ Flowered and produced seed at Bamboo Sourcery in 1995.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Mutation can occur when the plant flowers and produces viable seeds.

^ Sustainably Harvested & Annually Renewable: Mature bamboos produce new shoots and canes each year, which can be harvested individually without destroying the plant.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

Regular maintenance will indicate major growth directions and locations. .Once the rhizomes are cut, they are typically removed; however, rhizomes take a number of months to mature and an immature, severed rhizome will usually cease growing if left in-ground.^ Once you've cut the bamboo to length you'll need to remove any inside membranes, being careful not to pierce the membrane on the mouth end.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Running bamboos are usually propagated by cuttings of the rhizome, with some buds and culms attached.

^ The species 'tecta' has air channels in it's rhizome, which gives it the ability to grow in soggy, wet ground.
  • Bamboo Plantation - Bamboo Species Price List! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooplantation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If any bamboo shoots come up outside of the bamboo area afterwards, their presence indicates the precise location of the missed rhizome.^ It is likely that you will miss a few root fragments here and there, and over the next few seasons you may see an occasional shoot coming up.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ The shoots of his bamboo might make up part of his meal which was eaten with bamboo chopsticks.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Thus, each year's “crop” of shoots is larger than the last, until the mature size for the species is reached and new culms continue to come up at the mature size.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.The fibrous roots that radiate from the rhizomes do not produce more bamboo if they stay in the ground.^ Rhizome - The root system of bamboos.
  • Bamboo Plantation - Bamboo Species Price List! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooplantation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Running bamboos spread out forming a dense, underground network of rhizomes and roots making a very effective barrier to erosion.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Farmers are also sometimes converting food areas over to bamboo as the prices they can fetch for bamboo is often more lucrative.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bamboo growth can also be controlled by surrounding the plant or grove with a physical barrier.^ Bamboo is an ideal plant for erosion control.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Even large plantings of bamboo can be surrounded with a single length of plastic, requiring only one seam.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Bamboo is the fastest growing plant on earth with an average growth rate of 12 - 19 inches per day (Jinhe Fu, 2000).
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Typically, concrete and specially-rolled HDPE plastic are the materials used to create the barrier, which is placed in a 60–90 cm (2.0–3.0 ft) deep ditch around the planting, and angled out at the top to direct the rhizomes to the surface.^ Running bamboos spread out forming a dense, underground network of rhizomes and roots making a very effective barrier to erosion.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Also, when planting on very steep slopes or planting very large giant timber runners in soft, sandy soil, it may be necessary to use a 36" deep root barrier.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ We typically recommend using the 30" barrier for most plants in the Phyllostachys genus.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

(This is only possible if the barrier is installed in a straight line.) .This method is very detrimental to ornamental bamboo as the bamboo within quickly becomes rootbound—showing all the signs of any unhealthy containerized plant.^ ORNAMENTAL AND SHRUBS. A few of the bamboos are small and make excellent plants for use around the home as ornamentals.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am VERY happy with my bamboo plants and will not hesitate to order more from you in the years to come.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Of course, please realize that bamboo should not be planted in a location where water does not drain quickly.

Symptoms include rhizomes escaping over the top, down underneath, and bursting the barrier. .The bamboo within generally deteriorates in quality as fewer and fewer culms grow each year, culms live shorter periods, new culm diameter decreases, fewer leaves grow on the culms, and leaves turn yellow as the unnaturally contained rootmass quickly depletes the soil of nutrients, and curling leaves as the condensed roots cannot collect the water they need to sustain the foliage.^ Grows 16' tall with 1" diameter culms.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ (Golden Golden) Tight growing, golden bamboo with new culms that quickly turn golden then turn golden orange with age.

^ As well as that, bamboo needs little water during the growing period meaning they can survive droughts.

.Strong rhizomes and tools can penetrate plastic barriers with relative ease, so great care must be taken.^ Care must be taken not to get it on animals or persons.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Barriers usually fail sooner or later, or the bamboo within suffers greatly. .Casual observation of many failed barriers has shown bursting of 60-mil (1.5 mm) HDPE in 5–6 years, and rhizomes diving underneath in as few as 3 years post install.^ It is hardy to -5 degrees and is an exceptionally vigorous runner, so we recommend using 60 mil polyethylene plastic root barrier.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Installing high-density polyethylene plastic rhizome barrier, 40-60 mil thick and 22-34 inches deep, vertically around the perimeter of the area in which the bamboo is to be contained.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ The polyethylene is superior to cement and metal (cement often develops cracks, and metal rusts and requires many seams), is less expensive, and can last 20-30 years when installed according to our barrier installation instructions .
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.In small areas regular maintenance is the only perfect method of controlling the spreading bamboos.^ SUMMARY Small areas of bamboo are found in nearly all sections of Alabama.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Great for erosion control or as a hedge, this vertical bamboo with small leaves is distinctive because of its short culm internodes (4-6"), and the first few internodes of each branch are hollow.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Oriental bamboo has been grown in small areas in Alabama for many years and used locally for stakes, poles, shades, and other purposes.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bamboo contained by barriers is much more difficult to remove than free-spreading bamboo.^ Running bamboos spread out forming a dense, underground network of rhizomes and roots making a very effective barrier to erosion.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ We also occasionally remove unwanted bamboo free of charge upon request, if we have time and have a use for it.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ PSEUDOSASA Medium-size to tall shrub-like running bamboos with usually only one branch at each node; never more than three.

.Barriers and edging are unnecessary for clump-forming bamboos.^ Running bamboos spread out forming a dense, underground network of rhizomes and roots making a very effective barrier to erosion.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Clumping bamboos have a very short root structure, are genetically incapable of expanding more than few inches a year, and will generally form discrete circular clumps.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ DIVISION OF CLUMPS. If a young clump of any of the running bamboos is examined in early summer, young plants will be found coming up on the edges of the clump.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Clump-forming bamboos may eventually need to have portions removed if they become too large.^ It readily forms dense masses of foliage in less light than most bamboos and may be effectively used for screening in shady places.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ As well as that, bamboo needs only a small amount of water during the growing period so they can survive droughts.

^ Clumping bamboos have a very short root structure, are genetically incapable of expanding more than few inches a year, and will generally form discrete circular clumps.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.The ornamental plant sold in containers and marketed as "lucky bamboo" is actually an entirely unrelated plant, Dracaena sanderiana.^ My hope is that consumers will look at the entire scenario involved in bamboo clothing from growing the plants to producing the final garment and see the whole picture .
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bamboo Sourcery's entire Information Supplement, "All About Bamboo," 37 pages, with extensive information on how bamboos grow, plant selection, cultivation, containment, and maintenance, as well as species descriptions of approximately 150 bamboos.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ The popular, indoor "lucky bamboo" grown hydroponically in vases of water is actually Draceana sanderana , a member of the lily family (Liliaceae).

.It is a resilient member of the lily family that grows in the dark, tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia and Africa.^ Bamboo grows in both tropical and temperate climates in Asia, on islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans and also in Africa and South America, where it is cultivated for many purposes.

^ Hardy to 10F. Bambusa A genus of tropical and subtropical clumping bamboos from Asia, America and Africa that shoot all year 'round, especially summer and fall.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ The popular, indoor "lucky bamboo" grown hydroponically in vases of water is actually Draceana sanderana , a member of the lily family (Liliaceae).

Lucky Bamboo has long been associated with the Eastern practice of Feng Shui. .On a similar note, Japanese knotweed is also sometimes mistaken for a bamboo but it grows wild and is considered an invasive species.^ HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Bamboo Rediscovered - by Victor Cusack Growing and using non-invasive, clumping bamboo for furniture, housing, fencing, food, musical instruments, etc.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Chemically manufactured bamboo is sometimes called bamboo rayon because of the many similarities in the way it is chemically manufactured and similarities in its feel and hand.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pandas will eat other species of bamboo but apparently prefer the kinds that grow wild in their native habitat, including Himalayacalamus , Fargesia , Drepanostachyum and Sinarundinaria , all native to Yunnan, Tibet, Nepal and northern India.

Uses

Culinary

Edible bamboo shoots in a Japanese market
.The shoots (new bamboo culms that come out of the ground) of bamboo are edible.^ As the plant progresses the ”bush” supplies the energy to push up the new culm shoots higher above the bush during the following shooting seasons.

^ Sustainably Harvested & Annually Renewable: Mature bamboos produce new shoots and canes each year, which can be harvested individually without destroying the plant.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ New to the U.S. from India, this clumping bamboo is similar to Yushania anceps, but its shoots and culms have dark red hair.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.They are used in numerous Asian dishes and broths, and are available in supermarkets in various sliced forms, both fresh and canned version.^ Probably a form of Phyllostachys Bambusoides, as they are nearly identical and can be used interchangeably.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ ORNAMENTALS. Since the species vary so widely in size, they afford many uses as ornamentals varying from shades to screens to small base plantings around a dwelling.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The shoots of the giant bamboo contain cyanide.^ Fast growing giant bamboo with tasty shoots.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.Despite this, the Golden Bamboo Lemur ingests many times the quantity of toxin that would kill a human.^ It would be limited to areas not too cold, probably where temperatures do not drop below 5?F. Many soils of the State are suited to bamboo.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All of these bamboos tested at Auburn have been killed back to the ground many times and most of them have been completely killed.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Removal Methods: Many people ask about using Round-Up or other herbicides to kill bamboo.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.The bamboo shoot in its fermented state forms an important ingredient in cuisines across the Himalayas.^ Bamboo shoots are a delicacy in Chinese cuisine.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Daphne Lewis, author of Bamboo on the Farm , notes that the United States imports 30,000 tons of canned bamboo shoots each year from Taiwan, Thailand, and China.
  • Bamboo: A Multipurpose Agroforestry Crop 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.attra.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It does not seem likely that large-scale bamboo shoot production will become a common agricultural enteprise in the United States.
  • Bamboo: A Multipurpose Agroforestry Crop 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.attra.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In Assam, for example, it is called khorisa. .In Nepal, a delicacy popular across ethnic boundaries consists of bamboo shoots fermented with turmeric and oil, and cooked with potatoes into a dish that usually accompanies rice ("alu tama" in Nepali).^ Bamboo shoots are a delicacy in Chinese cuisine.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Bamboo leaves are also used for lining the bottoms of pans when cooking rice cakes, meat patties and other dishes.

^ Gophers: In northern California we have an abundance of gophers and squirrels, who think tender new rhizomes, bamboo shoots, and even new branch buds are a delicacy.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

In Indonesia, they are sliced thin and then boiled with santan (thick coconut milk) and spices to make a dish called gulai rebung. .Other recipes using bamboo shoots are sayur lodeh (mixed vegetables in coconut milk) and lun pia (sometimes written lumpia: fried wrapped bamboo shoots with vegetables).^ We are not sure if this intolerance is due to the intrinsic nature of bamboo but it more likely because of other chemicals added or used during the manufacturing and finishing processes of the clothing.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oriental bamboo has been grown in small areas in Alabama for many years and used locally for stakes, poles, shades, and other purposes.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Newer manufacturing facilities have begun using other technologies to chemically manufacture bamboo fiber that are more benign and eco-friendly.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The shoots of some species contain toxins that need to be leached or boiled out before they can be eaten safely.^ Shoots of some species in mature groves in tropical climates have actually been clocked growing 4 feet in one 24-hour period!
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Many species require 3 years of growth before they begin to spread.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ When the shoots leaf out in sunlight they become very strong and woody (lignified).

.Pickled bamboo, used as a condiment, may also be made from the pith of the young shoots.^ These bridges may be as simple as a few pieces of bamboo placed across a stream up to complex truss bridges , to suspension bridges using bamboo rope.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ This type of bamboo fabric is nothing more than rayon made using bamboo as the source of cellulose.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It readily forms dense masses of foliage in less light than most bamboos and may be effectively used for screening in shady places.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.The sap of young stalks tapped during the rainy season may be fermented to make ulanzi (a sweet wine) or simply made into a soft drink.^ I believe that the wood chips that are made into rayon are simply a by-product of forest industries.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bamboo leaves are also used as wrappers for steamed dumplings which usually contains glutinous rice and other ingredients.^ In a footnote, Greenyarn mentions that the active bamboo charcoal ingredients will only remain active in the clothing for about six months of active use.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fences made from bamboo may be used for privacy, for decoration, to contain livestock, as guard rails, to block unpleasant views, for every use imaginable.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ In ancient Polynesia the people built big catamarans using bamboo for mast, shelter, rails, floors, and as containers for fresh water .
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

.The empty hollow in the stalks of larger bamboo is often used to cook food in many Asian cultures.^ Japanese bamboo often used as hedging.

^ Farmers are also sometimes converting food areas over to bamboo as the prices they can fetch for bamboo is often more lucrative.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Bamboo Rediscovered - by Victor Cusack Growing and using non-invasive, clumping bamboo for furniture, housing, fencing, food, musical instruments, etc.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.Soups are boiled and rice is cooked in the hollows of fresh stalks of bamboo directly over a flame.^ An early USDA bamboo researcher recommended boiling fresh bamboo shoots prior to use for about 18-20 minutes.
  • Bamboo: A Multipurpose Agroforestry Crop 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.attra.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Similarly, steamed tea is sometimes rammed into bamboo hollows to produce compressed forms of Pu-erh tea.^ PDF Document Parser The Bamboo PDF Document Parser allows you to import metadata and form data from your PDF form into your SharePoint list and also populate your PDF document with metadata from the List.

^ Some Common Terms: Culm - The botanical name for the jointed and usually hollow stems of bamboos, sometimes referred to as a cane.
  • Bamboo Plantation - Bamboo Species Price List! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooplantation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Cooking food in bamboo is said to give the food a subtle but distinctive taste.
In Sambalpur, India, the tender shoots are grated into juliennes and fermented to prepare kardi. .The name is derived from the Sanskrit word for bamboo shoot, "karira". This fermented bamboo shoot is used in various culinary preparations, notably "amil", a sour vegetable soup.^ Ancient Healing: Various parts of many bamboo species have been used in CHINESE AND AYURVEDIC MEDICINE for centuries.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Many old stands of bamboo around the island have been used mostly for shoot harvesting, or cutting accessible poles easily without regard for the health of the clump.

^ Bamboo and food - Of course most bamboo shoots can be eaten and in times of massive flowering of bamboo the seeds are used as grain .
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

It is also made into pancakes using rice flour as a binding agent. .The shoots that have turned a little fibrous are fermented, dried, and ground to sand sized particles to prepare a garnish known as "hendua". It is also cooked with tender pumpkin leaves to make sag green leaves.^ "Madake"   Also known as “Giant Japanese Timber Bamboo,” this plant has bright green smooth canes and medium size leaves.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ PLGR   Pleioblastus gramineus   A medium-sized, attractive, grassy-looking bamboo which grows to 12' and has long, dark green, lustrous leaves.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ A medium-sized bamboo with yellow-green arching canes and bright green leaves.

.In addition, bamboo is frequently used for cooking utensils within many cultures and used in the manufacture of chopsticks.^ Ancient Healing: Various parts of many bamboo species have been used in CHINESE AND AYURVEDIC MEDICINE for centuries.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ There are many places in the US where bamboo has been used in the landscape.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Bamboo Building and Culture by Darrell DeBoer Treatise on modern uses of bamboo in buildings and architecture, generously sprinkled with color photos.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.In modern times, some see bamboo tools as an eco-friendly alternative to other manufactured utensils.^ To see photos of some of our bamboos in this list, click on the camera icon where present.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Flowering of Bamboos One of the mysteries of bamboo is how some species are able to flower periodically all over the world at the same time.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ So, after all that, there are many points to consider when weighing up whether or not to support bamboo clothing (or any other eco friendly clothing for that matter).
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Medicine

.Bamboo is used in Chinese medicine for treating infections and healing.^ For a framework on which to hang the bamboo we used treated 2 x 4's.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Ancient Healing: Various parts of many bamboo species have been used in CHINESE AND AYURVEDIC MEDICINE for centuries.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Chinese junks used bamboo for mast, booms, oars, rails, woven into sails, push poles, ropes, outriggers, etc.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

It is a low-calorie source of potassium. It is known for its sweet taste and as a good source of nutrients and protein.
.In Ayurveda, the Indian system of traditional medicine, the silicious concretion found in the culms of the bamboo stem is called banslochan.^ Some Common Terms: Culm - The botanical name for the jointed and usually hollow stems of bamboos, sometimes referred to as a cane.
  • Bamboo Plantation - Bamboo Species Price List! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooplantation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Clumping bamboo root systems consist of creature-like rhizomes that extend from the base of each culm.

^ Definitions Culm A stem which is hollow except at the nodes, as are the bamboo canes.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

It is known as tabashir or tawashir in Unani-Tibb the Indo-Persian system of medicine. In English it is called "bamboo manna". This concretion is said to be a tonic for the respiratory diseases. .It was earlier obtained from Melocanna bambusoides and is very hard to get; it has been largely replaced by synthetic silicic acid.^ It has handled a lot of large and very hard fighting Bass and Steehead and Salmon and never once faltered in almost two years of brutal testing.
  • Bamboo Inventory 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.codella.com [Source type: General]

In most Indian literature, Bambusa arundinacea is described as the source of bamboo manna.[13]

Construction

Bamboo scaffolding can reach great heights.
 house from Bambou Habitat
House made entirely of bamboo
.In its natural form, bamboo as a construction material is traditionally associated with the cultures of East Asia and the South Pacific, to some extent in Central and South America and by extension in the aesthetic of Tiki culture.^ A genus of giant tropical thorny bamboos from South and Central America.
  • Bamboo Plantation - Bamboo Species Price List! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooplantation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Genus of Central america clumping bamboos.
  • Bamboo Plantation - Bamboo Species Price List! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooplantation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indigenous bamboos are widely found throughout Asia, Africa, Australia, and North and South America.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.In China, bamboo was used to hold up simple suspension bridges, either by making cables of split bamboo or twisting whole culms of sufficiently pliable bamboo together.^ Culms used to be imported from China for making split bamboo fishing poles.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ A native Hawaiian friend once said that in the old days Hawaiians cured their “ohe,” an endemic Hawaiian bamboo used mainly for making nose flutes, by selecting only old culms that were dying.

^ The Japanese used split bamboo to make a basket like boat for fishing.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

One such bridge in the area of Qian-Xian is referenced in writings dating back 960 A.D. and may have stood since as far back as the 3rd century B.C., due largely to continuous maintenance.[14] .It has long been used as scaffolding; the practice has been banned in China for buildings over six stories but is still in continuous use for skyscrapers in Hong Kong.^ This rod is in "as issued" original condition throughout having no use Walt is a recognized master of the Catskill school of rod building and one of the very few direct descendants of the original Masters still practicing today.
  • Bamboo Inventory 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.codella.com [Source type: General]

^ These were to be used to create a strip built sea kayak.With strip building a form is covered with long strips of wood veneer strips.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

[15] .In the Philippines, the Nipa Hut is a fairly typical example of the most basic sort of housing that bamboo is used for; the walls are split and woven bamboo and bamboo slats and poles may be used as its support.^ Woven screens of split bamboo or used in rice steamers.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Bamboo may be used for the entire structure, for walls alone, for roofs, for floors, for most any part of the house structure.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ The Japanese used split bamboo to make a basket like boat for fishing.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

.In Japanese architecture, bamboo is used primarily as a supplemental and/or decorative element in buildings such as fencing, fountains, grates and gutters, largely due to the ready abundance of quality timber wood.^ How to build a simple bamboo fence.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Large growing bamboo with high quality wood.

^ Japanese bamboo often used as hedging.

[16]
.Various structural shapes may be made by training the bamboo to assume them as it grows.^ You don't have to be classically-trained to know how to paint bamboo when you grow up in a bamboo village like this artist did.
  • Asian Bamboo Paintings and Chinese Bamboo Wall Scrolls 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Then he proceeeds to discuss structural qualities of bamboo, building codes, joinery, and design, as well as strategies for growing, harvesting, and curing the bamboo for constructions purposes.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Bamboo runners may be easily contained, since the rhizomes grow sideways at a depth of only about 2-18 inches.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.Squared sections of bamboo are created by compressing the growing stalk within a square form.^ Bamboo Solutions Site Creation Plus lets them do that, but sticking within any restrictions you feel may be needed.

^ Since bamboo is one of the fastest growing plants on the planet, bamboo screens and hedges can be created more quickly and inexpensively, compared to other plants or trees.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ 'Henon'   An all green form of Black Bamboo which can grow 60' tall and 5" in diameter in the climate of origin.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

[17] .Arches may similarly be created by forcing the bamboo's growth with the desired form and costs many times less than it would to assume the same shape in regular wood timber.^ Bamboos grown indoors are more vulnerable to insect pests and disease , as they are generally more stressed than they would be outdoors.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ It readily forms dense masses of foliage in less light than most bamboos and may be effectively used for screening in shady places.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Small closely spaced bluish-green culms and delicate foliage create a deeply arching, umbrella-like form.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.More traditional forming methods such as the application of heat and pressure may also be used to curve or flatten the cut stalks.^ It readily forms dense masses of foliage in less light than most bamboos and may be effectively used for screening in shady places.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ A few plants may also suffer from summer heat, such as Fargesias and some Chusqueas, which do not tolerate hot summer nights (over 70 F.).
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Phyllostachys bambusoides may be used, but it should be cut so as to keep the poles short (15-18 feet).
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]
.Bamboo may also be cut and laminated into sheets and planks.^ CUT RHIZOMES. Bamboo plants develop numerous rhizomes about 2 to 6 inches underneath the ground, which may extend 10 to 20 feet from the mother plant.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This process involves cutting stalks into thin strips, planing them flat, boiling and drying the strips which are then glued, pressed and finished.^ Cutting in 10-foot strips every 5 years produced a yield of 18 to 45 tons of dry wood per acre.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He asked about the possibility of splitting them into strips and planing these down into rectangular, flat strips.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ This thinning process concentrates plant growth into a comparatively few large culms and gradually increases the height and strength of the forest.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .Generally long practiced in China and Japan, entrepreneurs started developing and selling laminated bamboo flooring in the West during the mid 1990s;[19] products made from bamboo laminate including flooring, cabinetry, furniture and even decorative use are currently surging in popularity, transitioning from the boutique market to mainstream providers such as Home Depot.^ Bamboo flooring has become one of the most popular "hardwood" flooring products on the market today.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Contrary to popular perception loads of chemicals are used to grow bamboo at the rate commercial interests need.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tools would have been made from bamboo or used bamboo as handles.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

.The bamboo goods industry (which also includes small goods, fabric, etc) is expected to be worth $25 billion by the year 2012.[20] The quality of bamboo laminate varies between manufacturers and the maturity of the plant from which it was harvested (6 years being considered the optimum); the sturdiest products fulfill their claims of being up to three times harder than oak hardwood but others may be softer than standard hardwood.^ Bamboo reaches maturity quickly and is ready for harvesting in about 4 years.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Can plant any time of year.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ The age at harvest varied from 8 to 18 years.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19]
.Bamboo intended for use in construction should be treated to resist insects and rot.^ For a framework on which to hang the bamboo we used treated 2 x 4's.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ With a decay resistant support and frame, this traditional looking bamboo fence should last for years.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ In modern times bamboo has been laminated and used for surfboards and modern boat construction .
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

.The most common solution for this purpose is a mixture of borax and boric acid.^ They are the most common genus in the US. Used for many purposes they send their shoots up in the spring.
  • Bamboo Plantation - Bamboo Species Price List! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooplantation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21] .Another process involves boiling cut bamboo in order to remove the starches that attract bugs.^ Once you've cut the bamboo to length you'll need to remove any inside membranes, being careful not to pierce the membrane on the mouth end.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ It is believed that if bamboo were grown for pulp, the limbs would not be removed and would be used in the pulping process; hence the dry weight reported is the total for limbs and stems.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19]
Bamboo pavilion in the Shenzhen Biennale.
.Bamboo has been used as reinforcement for concrete in those areas where it is plentiful, though dispute exists over its effectiveness in the various studies done on the subject.^ Ancient Healing: Various parts of many bamboo species have been used in CHINESE AND AYURVEDIC MEDICINE for centuries.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Thomas Edison used bamboo filaments in his first LIGHT BULBS, and one of those bulbs is STILL burning today at the Smithsonian in Washington, DC! .
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ It readily forms dense masses of foliage in less light than most bamboos and may be effectively used for screening in shady places.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.Bamboo does have the necessary strength to fulfill this function, but untreated bamboo will swell from the absorption of water from the concrete, causing it to crack.^ Of course, please realize that bamboo should not be planted in a location where water does not drain quickly.

^ The Western grip, nicely swelled butt, fancy wood & cork seat and straw colored bamboo combine in a delightfully functional and versatile little rod.
  • Bamboo Inventory 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.codella.com [Source type: General]

^ Near Ocean (At least 200’ away from water, with salt laden air, but not salt spray) In general, bamboo does not like salt laden air and is prone to leaf tip burn.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

Several procedures must be followed to overcome this shortcoming.[22]
.Several institutes, businesses, and universities are working on the bamboo as an ecological construction material.^ BAMBOO APPLICATIONS/ bamboo report - Bamboo as a Construction Material The following report was revised in February of 2004 by our Chairman, Leimana Pelton , and local architect, Valerie Simpson.

^ Bamboo has a reputation around the world as a strong and versatile construction material.

^ In temperate climates, running bamboo may be the best, and perhaps only, option for construction material.

.In the United States and France, it is possible to get houses made entirely of bamboo, which are earthquake and cyclone-resistant and internationally certified.^ The most effective method of removal of bamboo is to dig out the entire root and rhizome mass as thoroughly as possible, including fragments.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Provides Safe Housing: Over 1 billion people in the world live in BAMBOO HOUSES. Bamboo buildings have proven to be exceedingly earthquake proof.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Bamboo may be used for the entire structure, for walls alone, for roofs, for floors, for most any part of the house structure.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

.In Bali Indonesia there is an International primary school, named the Green School, which is constructed entirely of bamboo, due to its beauty, and advantages as a sustainable resource.^ (Narihira Bamboo) Beautiful, deep, emerald green leaves on evenly spaced, straight, vertical, 1 1/2" culms.

^ Removal of Bamboo While we at Bamboo Sourcery are bamboo lovers, we recognize that occasionally there arises the need or desire to reduce or remove entirely a clump or a stand of bamboo.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Botanically categorized as a grass and not a tree, bamboo just might be the world’s most sustainable resource.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are three ISO standards for bamboo as a construction material.^ BAMBOO APPLICATIONS/ bamboo report - Bamboo as a Construction Material The following report was revised in February of 2004 by our Chairman, Leimana Pelton , and local architect, Valerie Simpson.

^ Bamboo has a reputation around the world as a strong and versatile construction material.

^ In temperate climates, running bamboo may be the best, and perhaps only, option for construction material.

.In parts of India, bamboo is used (- apart from common uses like making ladders, which in addition to all other uses for ladders are also used for carrying bodies in funerals -) for drying clothes indoors, both as the rod high up near the ceiling to hang clothes on as well as the stick that is wielded with acquired expert skill to hoist, spread, and to take down the clothes when dry.^ Used for making fine bamboo furniture.

^ A small bamboo stick works well for this.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ For a framework on which to hang the bamboo we used treated 2 x 4's.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

In Maharashtra the baamboo groves and forests are called VeLuvana, the name VeLu for Baamboo most likely from Sanskrit, while Vana is forest.

Textiles

.There are two methods by which bamboo may be processed into fiber for fabric, both developed in China.^ There are two ways to process bamboo to make the plant into a fabric: mechanically or chemically.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dip into the suspension of bamboo fibers.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Bamboo fabric made from this process is sometimes called bamboo linen.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The first is a mechanical process similar to that used to process flax or hemp; the stalks are crushed and natural enzymes break them down further, allowing fibers to be combed out.[23] The other follows the process by which rayon is made where the fibers are broken down with chemicals and extruded through mechanical spinnerets; the chemicals include lye, carbon disulfide and strong acids.[19] .Retailers have sold both end products as "bamboo fabric" to cash in on bamboo's current eco-friendly cachet, however the Canadian Competition Bureau[24] and the US Federal Trade Commission[25], as of mid-2009, are cracking down on the practice of labeling bamboo rayon as natural bamboo fabric.^ Bamboo fabric has a natural sheen and softness that feels and drapes like silk but is less expensive and more durable.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ GreenYarn’s “Eco-fabric” is manufactured from 4 to 5 year old Taiwanese-grown bamboo that has been dried and burned in 800 degree C ovens until it is reduced to charcoal.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Designers such as Kate O’Connor use bamboo fabric as an eco-friendly replacement for silk.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Under the guidelines of both agencies these products must be labeled as rayon with the optional qualifier "from bamboo". Bamboo fabric is known for its softness and boasts strong absorbency and anti-microbial properties, though the chemical process in bamboo rayon destroys any anti-microbial quality.^ Chemicals can be added in processing the bamboo fibre.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bamboo fabric has a natural sheen and softness that feels and drapes like silk but is less expensive and more durable.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bamboo fabric made from this process is sometimes called bamboo linen.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25]
.In addition, the fiber of bamboo has been used to make paper in China since early times.^ Used for making fine bamboo furniture.

^ Music - Bamboo has been used to make music since humans first began to make music.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ PAPER PULP. Bamboo fibers have excellent qualities for paper making.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A high quality hand-made paper is still produced in small quantities.^ Made in the Powell tradition by the Yerxas of Colusa, CA. Beautifully hand made with a professional eye for detail and finish and top quality throughout.
  • Bamboo Inventory 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.codella.com [Source type: General]

^ Beautifully hand made with a professional eye for detail and finish and top quality throughout.
  • Bamboo Inventory 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.codella.com [Source type: General]

.Coarse bamboo paper is still used to make spirit money in many Chinese communities.^ The Japanese used split bamboo to make a basket like boat for fishing.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Ancient Healing: Various parts of many bamboo species have been used in CHINESE AND AYURVEDIC MEDICINE for centuries.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Small, dwarf bamboos are used as groundcovers, slightly larger bamboos make beautiful hedges, and the larger species make beautful specimen plants in the garden.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

[26]

Musical instruments

.Bamboo's natural hollow form makes it an obvious choice for many instruments, particularly wind and percussion.^ With hollow, watertight compartments bamboo is a natural choice.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Running bamboos spread out forming a dense, underground network of rhizomes and roots making a very effective barrier to erosion.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Bamboo is organic, renewable, and sustainable making it my number one choice for clothing and other products such as sheets, underwear, curtains, and baby clothes.

.There are numerous types of bamboo flute made all over the world, such as the dizi, xiao, shakuhachi, palendag, jinghu, angklung.^ Flowering of Bamboos One of the mysteries of bamboo is how some species are able to flower periodically all over the world at the same time.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ This type of bamboo fabric is nothing more than rayon made using bamboo as the source of cellulose.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So, after all that, there are many points to consider when weighing up whether or not to support bamboo clothing (or any other eco friendly clothing for that matter).
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In India it is a very popular and also respected musical instrument, available to poorest and choice of many highly venerated maestros of classical music alike, but is known above all as the divine flute associated permanently with the Divine Krschna, who is always posed in sculptures and paintings etc.^ HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Bamboo Rediscovered - by Victor Cusack Growing and using non-invasive, clumping bamboo for furniture, housing, fencing, food, musical instruments, etc.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

holding the flute. The Bamboo Organ of Las Piñas, Philippines has pipes made of bamboo culms. .Four of the instruments used in Polynesia for traditional hula are made of bamboo: nose flute, rattle, stamping pipes and the Jew's harp.^ HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Bamboo Rediscovered - by Victor Cusack Growing and using non-invasive, clumping bamboo for furniture, housing, fencing, food, musical instruments, etc.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ This type of bamboo fabric is nothing more than rayon made using bamboo as the source of cellulose.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Probably as percussion instruments first, but over time almost every type of muscial instrument has been made with bamboo.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

.Bamboo may be used in the construction of the Australian didgeridoo instead of the more traditional eucalyptus wood.^ These bridges may be as simple as a few pieces of bamboo placed across a stream up to complex truss bridges , to suspension bridges using bamboo rope.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ This type of bamboo fabric is nothing more than rayon made using bamboo as the source of cellulose.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It readily forms dense masses of foliage in less light than most bamboos and may be effectively used for screening in shady places.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.In Indonesia, bamboo has been used for making various kinds of musical instruments including the kolintang and the angklung.^ Used for making fine bamboo furniture.

^ HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Bamboo Rediscovered - by Victor Cusack Growing and using non-invasive, clumping bamboo for furniture, housing, fencing, food, musical instruments, etc.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Ancient Healing: Various parts of many bamboo species have been used in CHINESE AND AYURVEDIC MEDICINE for centuries.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

Water processing

.Bamboo as a versatile material is demonstrated by its use in water desalination.^ Plus bamboo uses little water during the growth period which means they can survive droughts.

^ In ancient Polynesia the people built big catamarans using bamboo for mast, shelter, rails, floors, and as containers for fresh water .
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Also bamboo uses very little water during the growing period which means they can survive droughts.

.A Bamboo filter is used to remove the salt from saltwater.^ We also occasionally remove unwanted bamboo free of charge upon request, if we have time and have a use for it.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Tools for Removing Bamboo: A shovel, hatchet, ax, pick, strong maddox, and a long, strong pry bar are the most common tools used for removing bamboo.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ The use of boron salt solution as a preservation also inhibits fire from starting or spreading in bamboo utilized structurally.

[27]

Transportation

Several manufacturers offer bamboo bicycles.[28]

Bamboo in Asian culture

Bamboo, by Xu Wei, Ming Dynasty.
.Bamboo's long life makes it a Chinese symbol of longevity, while in India it is a symbol of friendship.^ Chinese Bamboo Silk Long Dresses Cheongsam Black 34 44 US $28.82 .

The rarity of its blossoming has led to the flowers' being regarded as a sign of impending famine. .This may be due to rats feeding upon the profusion of flowers, then multiplying and destroying a large part of the local food supply.^ Flowering of the individual plant may continue for 2 to 7 years and is often fatal, but with extra care and feeding, the mother plant may survive and just be smaller.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

The most recent flowering began in May 2006 (see Mautam). .Bamboo is said to bloom in this manner only about every 50 years (see 28–60 year examples in FAO: 'gregarious' species table).^ Bamboo runners may be easily contained, since the rhizomes grow sideways at a depth of only about 2-18 inches.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ This is called “gregarious flowering.” This was the case with Phyllostachys bambusoides when it flowered during the 1970's, as it has done every 120 years through recorded bamboo history.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ The yield of large poles from the large-growing species was about 1,000 per acre per year.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Chinese culture, the bamboo, plum blossom, orchid, and chrysanthemum (often known as méi lán zhú jú 梅兰竹菊) are collectively referred to as the Four Noble Ones.^ HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Compendium of Chinese Bamboo by Shilin, Naixun, Maoyi This is one of the most complete monographs in the field of bamboo research.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

These four plants also represent the four seasons and, in Confucian ideology, four aspects of the junzi ("prince" or "noble one").
.The pine tree, the bamboo, and the plum blossom (song zhú méi 松竹梅) are also admired for their perseverance under harsh conditions, and are together known as the "Three Friends in Winter" (岁寒三友).^ POLES. Bamboo is the best plant known for fish poles or poles for knocking pecans or other nuts from trees.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The "Three Friends" is traditionally used as a system of ranking in Japan, for example in sushi sets or accommodations at a traditional Ryokan (inn). .Pine (matsu 松) is of the first rank, bamboo (také 竹) is of second rank, and plum (ume 梅) is of the third.^ The bamboo was 14 to 19 years old at the first cutting, but the canes were only 5 years old when the second cutting was made.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In Japan, a bamboo forest sometimes surrounds a Shinto shrine as part of a sacred barrier against evil. Many Buddhist temples also have bamboo groves.
.In northern Indian state of Assam, the fermented bamboo paste known as khorisa is known locally as a folk remedy for the treatment of impotence, infertility, and menstrual pains.^ It is an excellent synopsis of identifying local species, and the management and treatment of bamboo in Hawaii.

^ It can reaching 10” diameter with up to 2” thick walls at the base, continuing with very thick walls, this is the largest known local timber bamboo.

^ Ten feet was used because it was known from past cutting that the bamboo would recover in at least a 10-foot strip.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
A cylindrical bamboo brush holder or holder of poems on scrolls, created by Zhang Xihuang in the 17th century, late Ming or early Qing Dynasty.
^ In very hot summer climates , the best planting times for bamboos are early spring and late fall.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Even in one bamboo grove, there are variations of 50 to 60 days between early and late spring sprouting.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Early 20th century, Tonkin bamboo Chubb made with a distinctive swelled butt using spliced Cedar interspersed with the bamboo strips.
  • Bamboo Inventory 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.codella.com [Source type: General]

In the calligraphy of Zhang's style, the poem Returning to My Farm in the Field by the 4th century poet Tao Yuanming is incised on the holder.
Bamboo plays an important part of the culture of Vietnam. Bamboo symbolizes the spirit of Vovinam (a Vietnamese martial arts): "cương nhu phối triển" (coordination between hard and soft (martial arts)). Bamboo also symbolizes the Vietnamese hometown and Vietnamese soul: the gentlemanlike, straightforwardness, hard working, optimism, unity and adaptableness. .A Vietnamese proverb says: "When the bamboo is old, the bamboo sprouts appear", the meaning being Vietnam will never be annihilated; if the previous generation dies, the children take their place.^ It appears that the number of buds sprouting varies with the species of bamboo.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Therefore the Vietnam nation and Vietnamese value will be maintained and developed eternally. Traditional Vietnamese villages are surrounded by thick bamboo hedges (lũy tre).
The ethnic group known as the Bozo of West Africa, take their name from the Bambara phrase bo-so, which means "bamboo house".
.The Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD) Chinese scientist and polymath Shen Kuo (1031–1095) used the evidence of underground petrified bamboo found in the dry northern climate of Yan'an, Shanbei region, Shaanxi province to support his geological theory of gradual climate change.^ Hundreds of new uses have been found for bamboo.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Though there are several different ways to cure bamboo, we use the air-drying method exclusively, as do most bamboo processors around the world that we have seen.

^ Hot and dry climates may choose from recommendations made for the southwest or high desert, colder mountain climates from the northern recommendations, etc.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

[29][30]

Myths and legends

.Several Asian cultures, including that of the Andaman Islands, believe that humanity emerged from a bamboo stem.^ BIOLOGY AND CULTURAL REQUIREMENTS Botany of Bamboo Bamboos are true grasses, characterized by hollow or rarely solid stems closed at the joints, or nodes.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is believed that if bamboo were grown for pulp, the limbs would not be removed and would be used in the pulping process; hence the dry weight reported is the total for limbs and stems.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the Philippine creation myth, legend tells that the first man and the first woman each emerged from split bamboo stems on an island created after the battle of the elemental forces (Sky and Ocean). .In Malaysian legends a similar story includes a man who dreams of a beautiful woman while sleeping under a bamboo plant; he wakes up and breaks the bamboo stem, discovering the woman inside.^ WIND BREAKS. Bamboo is an excellent plant for wind breaks.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Small, dwarf bamboos are used as groundcovers, slightly larger bamboos make beautiful hedges, and the larger species make beautful specimen plants in the garden.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ (Golden Bamboo) Attractive, robust plant with dark green foliage on stiff yellow stems.

.The Japanese folktale "Tale of the Bamboo Cutter" (Taketori Monogatari) tells of a princess from the Moon emerging from a shining bamboo section.^ Most botanical gardens have a section devoted to bamboo or Japanese gardens.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

Hawaiian bamboo ('ohe) is a kinolau or body form of the Polynesian creator god Kāne.
.Bamboo cane is also the weapon of Vietnamese legendary hero Saint Giong- who had grown up immediately and magically since the age of 3 years old because of his national liberating wish against Ân invaders.^ Age of bamboo varied from 15 to 20 years, with average yield of 17-54 tons per acre.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The bamboo was 14 to 19 years old at the first cutting, but the canes were only 5 years old when the second cutting was made.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sustainably Harvested & Annually Renewable: Mature bamboos produce new shoots and canes each year, which can be harvested individually without destroying the plant.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

An ancient Vietnamese legend (The Hundred-knot Bamboo Tree) tells of a poor, young farmer who fell in love with his landlord's beautiful daughter. The farmer asked the landlord for his daughter's hand in marriage, but the proud landlord would not allow her to be bound in marriage to a poor farmer. .The landlord decided to foil the marriage with an impossible deal; the farmer must bring him a "bamboo tree of one-hundred nodes". But Buddha (Bụt) appeared to the farmer and told him that such a tree could be made from one-hundred nodes from several different trees.^ Paper has been made from bamboo for hundreds of years.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ PSEUDOSASA Medium-size to tall shrub-like running bamboos with usually only one branch at each node; never more than three.

^ A clumping type, but…this is one of a handful of bamboos that grow new culms from the nodes of existing culms as well as from the root.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.Bụt gave to him four magic words to attach the many nodes of bamboo: "Khắc nhập, khắc xuất", which means "joined together immediately, fell apart immediately". The triumphant farmer returned to the landlord and demanded his daughter.^ Pleioblastus A genus of small to medium size running bamboos with numerous branches at each node and culm sheaths which remain attached to the culm.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.Curious to see such a long bamboo, the landlord was magically joined to the bamboo when he touched it as the young farmer said the first two magic words.^ In general, the first year or two after transplanting, you will not see tremendous above-ground growth, as the plant is putting most of its energy into its root system.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ You'll need a piece of bamboo about two inches in diameter and 4 to 5 feet long.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

The story ends with the happy marriage of the farmer and the landlord's daughter after the landlord agreed to the marriage and asked to be separated from the bamboo.

Bamboo as a form of paper

.Bamboo was in widespread use in early China as a medium for written documents.^ Chimonocalamus A group of medium sized clumping bamboos from subtropical mountainous regions of Yunnan, China.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Chimonobambusa A genus of medium sized bamboos from the Himalayas, China and Japan, which shoot fall and winter, and are difficult to propagate.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Culms used to be imported from China for making split bamboo fishing poles.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

The earliest surviving examples of such documents, written in ink on string-bound bundles of bamboo strips (or "slips"), date from the 5th c. BC during the Warring States period. .However, references in earlier texts surviving on other media make it clear that some precursor of these Warring States period bamboo slips was in use as early as the late Shang period (from about 1250 BC).^ Used for making fine bamboo furniture.

^ The Japanese used split bamboo to make a basket like boat for fishing.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ These bridges may be as simple as a few pieces of bamboo placed across a stream up to complex truss bridges , to suspension bridges using bamboo rope.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

Bamboo or wooden strips were the standard writing material during the Han dynasty and excavated examples have been found in abundance.[31] .Subsequently, paper began to displace bamboo and wooden strips from mainstream uses, and by the 4th c.^ When I first began to investigate making paper I was discouraged to find how difficult it would be to process actual bamboo.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Music - Bamboo has been used to make music since humans first began to make music.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Ten feet was used because it was known from past cutting that the bamboo would recover in at least a 10-foot strip.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.AD bamboo had been largely abandoned as a medium for writing in China.^ Chimonocalamus A group of medium sized clumping bamboos from subtropical mountainous regions of Yunnan, China.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Chimonobambusa A genus of medium sized bamboos from the Himalayas, China and Japan, which shoot fall and winter, and are difficult to propagate.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Fargesia A genus of very hardy, small to medium-sized, clumping mountain bamboos from the cool alpine conifer forests of West and southwest China.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

Several Paper industries are surviving on Bamboo forests. .Ballarpur(Chandrapur, Maharstra) paper mills uses bamboo for paper production.^ Finally, he suggested that we use our bamboo locally for building and to make value-added products for export.

^ An easier way to make paper from bamboo is to use the sheaths from new bamboo culms .
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ This property gives added flexibility to bamboo-made paper, imparting softness and smoothness to the final product.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Bamboo confused for rifle fire

It has been claimed that Bamboo can easily be confused for gunfire. This is true in two ways. .When bamboo is burned the pockets of air in the chambered plant, can release their pressure with a loud POP or BANG easily confused to be gunfire.^ Near Ocean (At least 200’ away from water, with salt laden air, but not salt spray) In general, bamboo does not like salt laden air and is prone to leaf tip burn.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

The second method is that often if burned at night, the gases from these air pockets can ignite and cause an effect very similar to a muzzle flash. See the photo comparison below:

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Botany; Wilson,C.L. and Loomis,W.E. Third edition. Holt, Rinehart and Winston
  2. ^ Gratani, Loretta; Maria Fiore Crescente, Laura Varone, Giuseppe Fabrini, and Eleonora Digiulio (2008). "Growth pattern and photosynthetic activity of different bamboo species growing in the Botanical Garden of Rome". Flora 203: 77–84. .
  3. ^ Bystriakova, N.; N. Bystriakova, V. Kapos, I. Lysenko and C.M.A. Stapleton (September 2003). "Distribution and conservation status of forest bamboo biodiversity in the Asia-Pacific Region". Biodiversity and Conservation 12 (9): 1833–1841. doi:10.1023/A:1024139813651. http://www.springerlink.com/content/gu726j88x87k4508/. Retrieved 2009-08-12. 
  4. ^ "Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Muhl. giant cane". PLANTS Database. USDA. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ARGI. 
  5. ^ editor-in-chief, Anthony Huxley, editor, Mark Griffiths, managing editor, Margot Levy. (1992). Huxley. ed. New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. ISBN 0-333-47494-5. 
  6. ^ Farrelly, David (1984). The Book of Bamboo. Sierra Club Books. ISBN 087156825X. 
  7. ^ a b Thomas R. Soderstrom; Cleofe E. Calderon; Thomas R. Soderstrom; Cleofe E. Calderon; T.R. Soderstrom, C.E. Calderon (1979). "A Commentary on the Bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae)". Biotropica 11 (3): 161–172. doi:10.2307/2388036. 
  8. ^ a b Janzen, DH. (1976). "Why Bamboos Wait so Long to Flower". Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 7: 347–391. doi:10.1146/annurev.es.07.110176.002023. 
  9. ^ "Mast flowering and semelparity in bamboos: The bamboo fire cycle hypothesis". American Naturalist (154): 383–391. 1999. 
  10. ^ "The Bamboo Fire Cycle Hypothesis: A Comment". The American Naturalist 6 (158): 659–663. 2001. 
  11. ^ "On incorporating fire into our thinking about natural ecosystems: A response to Saha and Howe". American Naturalist (158): 664–670. 2001. 
  12. ^ "Gorillas get drunk on bamboo sap". Telegraph.co.uk. 23 March 2009. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/earthpicturegalleries/5037343/Gorillas-get-drunk-on-bamboo-sap.html. Retrieved 12 August 2009. 
  13. ^ Puri, H. S. (2003). Rasayana ayurvedic herbs for longevity and rejuvenation. London: Taylor & Francis. pp. 71–73. ISBN 0203216563. http://books.google.com/books?id=aQh25X9mzjAC&lpg=PP1&dq=Rasayana%20Ayurvedic%20Herbs%20for%20Longevity%20and%20Rejuvenation&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q=&f=false. Retrieved 12 August 2009. 
  14. ^ Peters, Tom F. (1987). Transitions in Engineering: Guillaume Henri Dufour and the Early 19th Century Cable Suspension Bridges. Birkhauser. ISBN 3764319291. http://books.google.com/books?id=73JPiTuDYscC. 
  15. ^ Landler, Mark (27 March 2002). "Hong Kong Journal; For Raising Skyscrapers, Bamboo Does Nicely". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/03/27/world/hong-kong-journal-for-raising-skyscrapers-bamboo-does-nicely.html. Retrieved 12 August 2009. 
  16. ^ Bamboo In Japan. Kodansha International. 1987. p. 101. ISBN 4770025106. http://books.google.com/books?id=UukQ2LaaP0wC&pg=PA101&lpg=PA101. 
  17. ^ Roger Lewis (1 July 2006). "Square Bamboo". LewisBamboo.com. http://www.lewisbamboo.com/square.html. Retrieved 12 August 2009. 
  18. ^ CASSANDRA ADAMS. "Bamboo Architecture and Construction with Oscar Hidalgo". Natural Building Colloquium. http://www.networkearth.org/naturalbuilding/bamboo.html. Retrieved 11 August 2009. 
  19. ^ a b c d e Michelle Nijhuis (June 2009). "Bamboo Boom: Is This Material for You?". Scientific American Earth 3.0 special. Scientific American. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=bamboo-boom. Retrieved 11 August 2009. 
  20. ^ Jonathan Bardelline (9 July 2009). "Growing the Future of Bamboo Products". GreenBiz.com. http://www.greenbiz.com/feature/2009/07/09/growing-future-bamboo-products. Retrieved 11 August 2009. 
  21. ^ "Bamboo Construction". CD3WD. http://www.fastonline.org/CD3WD_40/VITA/BAMBOO/EN/BAMBOO.HTM. Retrieved 11 August 2009. 
  22. ^ Bamboo as a Building Material. Washington D.C.: US Department of Agriculture. 1981. pp. 7–11. http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/34/73/06.pdf. Retrieved 11 August 2009. 
  23. ^ "Bamboo Fiber: Greenwash or Treasure?". Feelgood Style. 26 June 2008. http://feelgoodstyle.com/2008/06/26/bamboo-fiber-greenwash-or-treasure/. Retrieved 12 August 2009. 
  24. ^ "Competition Bureau Calls on Textile Dealers to Accurately Label Textile Articles Derived from Bamboo". Reuters. 11 March 2009. http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS175478+11-Mar-2009+MW20090311. Retrieved 12 August 2009. 
  25. ^ a b "Four Companies Charged with Labeling Rayon Clothing As Bamboo". GreenBiz.com. 11 August 2009. http://www.greenbiz.com/news/2009/08/11/companies-label-rayon-clothing-bamboo. Retrieved 12 August 2009. 
  26. ^ "Bamboo mechanical pulp for manufacture of chinese ceremonial paper". Economic Botany 15 (2): 161–164. April 1961. doi:10.1007/BF02904089 (inactive 2010-01-06). 10.1007/BF02904089. http://www.springerlink.com/content/9w17231j255j1178/. Retrieved 2009-08-14. 
  27. ^ Bamboo: an untapped and amazing resource from UNIDO. Retrieved 30 November 2009.
  28. ^ Jen Lukenbill. "About My Planet: Bamboo Bikes". http://www.aboutmyplanet.com/environment/bamboo-bikes/. Retrieved 2010-01-04. 
  29. ^ Chan, Alan Kam-leung and Gregory K. Clancey, Hui-Chieh Loy (2002). Historical Perspectives on East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine. Singapore: Singapore University Press. ISBN 9971692597. p. 15.
  30. ^ Needham, Joseph (1986). Science and Civilization in China: Volume 3, Mathematics and the Sciences of the Heavens and the Earth. Taipei: Caves Books, Ltd. p. 614.
  31. ^ Loewe, Michael (1997). "Wood and bamboo administrative documents of the Han period". in Edward L. Shaughnessy. New Sources of Early Chinese History. Society for the Study of Early China. pp. 161–192. ISBN 1-55729-058-X. 

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.BAMBOO, the popular name for a tribe of grasses, Bambuseae, which are large, often tree-like, with woody stems.^ Bamboo is a large grass.
  • How to Control the Spread of Bamboo - wikiHow 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.wikihow.com [Source type: General]

^ Most Bamboos are treelike and shrubby grasses with woody stems.
  • BAMBOOMAN.COM: What is Bamboo? 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like other grasses, bamboo has nodes, the joints on the stem.
  • bamboo@Everything2.com 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

.The stems spring from an underground root-stock and are often crowded to form dense clumps; the largest species reach 120 ft.^ All species consist of an underground network of "rhizomes" which absorb, store and transport nutrients and fluids throughout a community of aerial stems, or "culms."

^ Running bamboos spread out forming a dense, underground network of rhizomes and roots making a very effective barrier to erosion.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ In crowded conditions this species as well as any compact “clumper” will meander around in order to find it's way to the sunlight at the top of the clump.

in FIG. 1. - Bambusa arundinacea, an Indian bamboo. I, Leafy shoot. 2, Branch of inflorescence, 4 nat. size. 3, Spikelet. 4, Flower.
height. .The slender stem is hollow, and, as generally in grasses, has well-marked joints or nodes, at which the cavity is closed by a strong diaphragm.^ Some Common Terms: Culm - The botanical name for the jointed and usually hollow stems of bamboos, sometimes referred to as a cane.
  • Bamboo Plantation - Bamboo Species Price List! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooplantation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Flowering (seed-bearing) stems of cereal grasses develop from apical meristems that generally do not resprout if the peduncle (flower stalk) is severed.

^ In most cases branches occur only at the upper nodes, the remainder of the plant being a long, slender, strong cane, which is the portion of the plant most often used.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The branches are numerous and in some species spiny; the narrow, often short, leaf-blade is usually jointed at the base and has a short stalk, by which it is attached to the long sheath.^ The rhizomes are heavy, short jointed, often branching underground runners.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Picture - Closeup of fish pole bamboo shows desired short joints near base.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Usually large with solid culms, tend to bear one dominant branch and numerous branchlets.
  • Bamboo Plantation - Bamboo Species Price List! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooplantation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The spikelets are usually many-flowered and variously arranged in racemes or panicles.^ Bamboos belong to the grass family, and their flowers look a lot like the flowers of other grasses, usually nothing spectacular, but quite varied.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.The flower differs from that of the majority of grasses in having usually three lodicules and six stamens.^ Bamboo flowers in three different ways.
  • Natural Building Colloquium 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.networkearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bamboos belong to the grass family, and their flowers look a lot like the flowers of other grasses, usually nothing spectacular, but quite varied.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Within the floret is the apetalous, bisexual grass flower consisting of a gynoecium (pistil) and three stamens (androecium).

.Many species bloom annually, but others only at intervals sometimes of many years, when the individuals of one and the same species are found in bloom over large areas.^ Most commercial tree species take 25-70 years to mature, which causes a bit of a problem-it's hard to replenish them at the same rate we cut them down.

^ Included also is the English common name for the species, if there is one, and if not we have given another common name sometimes in an other language in the interests of making bamboo names more user-friendly.

^ Sustainably Harvested & Annually Renewable: Mature bamboos produce new shoots and canes each year, which can be harvested individually without destroying the plant.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

Thus on the west coast of India the simultaneous blooming of Bambusa arundinacea (fig. .1), one of the largest species, has been observed at intervals of thirty-two years.^ Rhizomes of running bamboos can grow more than thirty feet in one year.

^ It may take other wood species over one-hundred years to reach the same levels of maturation.

^ There is no mention of any species cycling sooner than 20 years, and some species haven't flowered in over one thousand years.

.After ripening of the seed, the leafless flowering culms always die down.^ L ike most other grasses, bamboos grow and flourish until they are ready to flower; then they produce seeds and die.

^ Bamboo is particularly fragile at this time, as after the flowering occurs, all the existing culms die off, and the bamboo seed is only viable for six months.
  • Natural Building Colloquium 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.networkearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Bambuseae contain twenty-three genera and occur throughout the tropical zone, but very unevenly distributed; they also extend into the sub-tropical and even into the temperate zone.^ They are distributed in tropical and subtropical to mild temperate regions, with the heaviest concentration and largest number of species in East and Southeast Asia and on islands of the Indian and Pacific oceans.
  • bamboo (plant) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In general, the temperate climate bamboos are runners, which shoot in the spring, while the tropical and sub-tropical varieties are clumpers, which shoot in the late summer and fall.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ B amboos are very useful plants throughout the Old and New World tropics.

.Tropical Asia is richest in species; in Africa there are very few.^ When we think of bamboo, we usually think of Asia; but of all the species, around 900 are tropical and 500 are temperate.

^ The Bamboo Plant The largest of the grasses, there are over 1600 species of bamboo, 64 percent of which are native to Southeast Asia.
  • Natural Building Colloquium 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.networkearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hardy to 10F. Bambusa A genus of tropical and subtropical clumping bamboos from Asia, America and Africa that shoot all year 'round, especially summer and fall.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

In Asia they extend into Japan and to 10,000 ft. or more on the Himalayas; and in the Andes of South America they reach the snow-line.
.The fruit in Bambusa, Arundinaria and other genera resembles the grain generally characteristic of grasses, but in Dendrocalamus and others it is a nut, while rarely, as in Melocanna, it is fleshy and suggests an apple in size and appearance.^ Scroll down the list or 'click' on the genus > > BAMBUSA , CEPHALOSTACHYUM , DENDROCALAMUS , DREPANOSTACHYUM GIGANTOCHLOA , GUADUA , MELOCANNA , NASTUS , PHYLLOSTACHYS , SCHIZOSTACHYUM , THYRSOSTACHYS TIGER GRASS or view the SLIDE SHOW .

^ Grasses range in size from small annuals ( Poa annua ) to towering, timber bamboo ( Dendrocalamus giganteus ).

^ Semi-arundinaria and a few other genera have occasionally been planted.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The uses to which all the parts and products of the bamboo are applied in Oriental countries are almost endless.^ But for all I know, cellulose from bamboo has also been used in production of rayon.
  • Organic_Clothing: Bamboo: Facts behind the Fiber 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC organicclothing.blogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bamboo salt – the use of bamboo and salt in oriental medicine .
  • Bamboo Salts and Health 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC forusal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bamboo stands out for its ability to grow quickly with little or no need for pesticides, and it is used in a variety of products, from flooring to furniture.
  • Bamboo // Current 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

.The soft and succulent shoots, when just beginning to spring, are cut off and served up at table like asparagus.^ In spring and early summer, the new shoots are clothed with wine-tinged sheaths, which drop off to reveal olive-green, polished canes.
  • cold hardy bamboo 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.mibamboo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is likely that you will miss a few root fragments here and there, and over the next few seasons you may see an occasional shoot coming up.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Cut the old plants in winter or early spring and the new shoots as they emerge in the spring and summer.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Like that vegetable, also, they are earthed over to keep them longer fit for consumption; and they afford a continuous supply during the whole year, though it is more abundant in autumn.^ With abundant food, the rodent population could increase substantially during the year following the bamboo flowering cycle; but for the next 30 to 60 years (or more), the rodent population would decrease and stabilize again while the bamboo populations regenerate.

^ A: While bamboo manufacturing processes aren't as green as the could be, they are still more earth-friendly than most non-organic fabrics.
  • Bamboo | Green Product Reviews & Blogs at SustainLane.com 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.sustainlane.com [Source type: General]

^ Though our inventory moves quickly, we do our best to keep all mouldings in stock in our Sarasota warehouse, where they are packed and shipped to resellers or end-users.
  • Bamboo Molding Supplier Bamboo Moulding 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC jmxbamboo.com [Source type: General]

They are also salted and eaten with rice, prepared in the form of pickles or candied and preserved in sugar. .As the plant grows older, a species of fluid is secreted in the hollow joints, in which a concrete substance once highly valued in the East for its medicinal qualities, called tabaxir or tabascheer, is gradually developed.^ Pieces of this material are found in the hollow area, resting at the joints; shaking the plant reveals their presence as they knock against the side.
  • Bamboo as Medicine 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.itmonline.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The species grow about 15' tall, are cold hardy to -5 degrees, and and make good container plants and screens.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ This may take a number of years, depending on the size and age of the original planting, the species, and the growing conditions.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

This substance, which has been found to be a purely siliceous concretion, is possessed of peculiar optical properties. As a medicinal agent the bamboo is entirely inert, and it has never been received into the European materia medica.
.The grains of the bamboo are available for food, and the Chinese have a proverb that it produces seed more abundantly in years when the rice crop fails, which means, probably, that in times of dearth the natives look more after such a source of food.^ It will produce a crop every single year.

^ With abundant food, the rodent population could increase substantially during the year following the bamboo flowering cycle; but for the next 30 to 60 years (or more), the rodent population would decrease and stabilize again while the bamboo populations regenerate.

^ Bamboos also serve as decorative plants, the source of tender shoots used in Chinese cuisine, and a primary subject of many Chinese artworks.
  • Bamboo as Medicine 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.itmonline.org [Source type: Reference]

The Hindus eat it mixed with honey as a delicacy, equal quantities being put into a hollow joint, coated externally with clay, and thus roasted over a fire. The fleshly fruit of Melocanna is baked and eaten. The plant is a native of India but is sometimes cultivated as in Mauritius. .It is, however, the stem of the bamboo which is applied to the greatest variety of uses.^ Bamboo is useful in a wide variety of ways.

^ Bamboo stands out for its ability to grow quickly with little or no need for pesticides, and it is used in a variety of products, from flooring to furniture.
  • Bamboo // Current 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

^ Bamboo is best known for its hard stems (culms) that are used in place of wood for a variety of applications, including furniture, scaffolding, flutes, fence posts, flooring, and even bicycle frames.
  • Bamboo as Medicine 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.itmonline.org [Source type: Reference]

.Joints of sufficient size form water buckets; smaller ones are used as bottles, and among the Dyaks of Borneo they are employed as cooking vessels.^ Used in SE Asia as a vessel for cooking rice, imparting a unique flavour.

^ They are one of the most useful and valuable plants for people and provide the primary diet for giant pandas.

^ They also talk about a water bottle made of plastic that is biodegradable only when it comes into contact with microbiological environment such as a compost heap.
  • Bamboo // Current 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC current.com [Source type: General]

.Bamboo is extensively used as a timber wood, and houses are frequently made entirely out of the products of the plant; complete sections of the stem form posts or columns; split up, it serves for floors or rafters; and, interwoven in lattice-work, it is employed for the sides of rooms, admitting light and air.^ Bamboo floors can also be stained with another color type by using a wood stain.

^ Bamboo floor: we used pre-finished bamboo flooring from Greenwood Products.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Bamboo Floors 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: General]

^ In engineered products, bamboo may be floated, and it can be used with concrete or wood sub floors.
  • Bamboo Floors No Formaldahyde Alexandria Virginia 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.greenfloors.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The roof is sometimes of bamboo solely, and when split, which is accomplished with the greatest ease, it can be formed into laths or planks.^ PDF Document Parser The Bamboo PDF Document Parser allows you to import metadata and form data from your PDF form into your SharePoint list and also populate your PDF document with metadata from the List.

^ In the Philippines, roofs of interlocking split bamboo are created with the part receiving the water being the soft inner surface of the bamboo.
  • Natural Building Colloquium 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.networkearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some individuals have looked at processes for forming bamboo into rectangular board-like slabs, to use in place of two-by-fours and two-by-twelves.

.It is employed in shipping of all kinds; some of the strongest plants are selected for masts of boats of moderate size, and the masts of larger vessels are sometimes formed by the union of several bamboos built up and joined together.^ Some plants called "bamboo" are not grasses.

^ Plant some bamboo.

^ The next boat I build will use bamboo in some form.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

.The bamboo is employed in the construction of all kinds of agricultural and domestic implements and in the materials and implements required in fishery.^ All bamboo job consultation & implementation .
  • BAMBOO SPECIALISTS Nursery 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC nzbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Bamboo has been used as a construction material in certain areas for centuries, but its application as reinforcement in concrete had received little attention until the Clemson study.
  • BAMBOO REINFORCED CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.romanconcrete.com [Source type: Reference]

^ System Log Manager The Bamboo System Log Manager lets you sort through all kinds of system events using one simple interface.

.Bows are made of it by the union of two pieces with many bands; and, the septa being bored out and the lengths joined together, it is employed, as we use leaden pipes, in transmitting water to reservoirs or gardens.^ PUL water proof diapers cause my son to break out in a horrible heat rash all over in his diaper area from not being able to breathe well.

^ Some bamboo does not have solid internodes, and can be used as water pipe by merely cutting to the desired length.

^ However, this coating allows bamboo to be used as water pipes.
  • Natural Building Colloquium 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.networkearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From the light and slender stalks shafts for arrows are obtained; and in the south-west of Asia there is a certain species of equally slender growth, from which writing pens or reeds are made.^ The Bamboo Plant The largest of the grasses, there are over 1600 species of bamboo, 64 percent of which are native to Southeast Asia.
  • Natural Building Colloquium 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.networkearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ F. and summer nights are above 70 F. South West (Low desert, with hot, dry summers and very light or no frost in winter) Recommended : Phyllostachys, Otateas, Bambusas and Semiarundinarias (except as noted below), Hibanobambusa, Pseudosasa japonica “Arrow Bamboo” and ‘Pleioblastoides,’ and most Pleioblastus species.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Chusquea This genus comes from Central and South America where there are about 90 species.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.A joint forms a holder for papers or pens, and it was in a joint of bamboo that silk-worm eggs were carried from China to Constantinople during the reign of Justinian.^ In bamboo geodesic structures, joints are formed by creating "flaps" at the end of a culm by incising the bamboo radially.
  • Natural Building Colloquium 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.networkearth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most used bamboo in China, used for food, timber, paper, plywood, flooring.
  • bamboo 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.gatorfarm.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These 4 new Bamboo pen tablets are equipped with a convenient, red pen holder on the side of the tablet.
  • Drawing & Touch Tablets: Bamboo Touch, Bamboo Pen & Touch 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.drawittablet.com [Source type: General]

.The outer cuticle of Oriental species is so hard that it forms a sharp and durable cutting edge, and it is so siliceous that it can be used as a whetstone.^ Most commercial tree species take 25-70 years to mature, which causes a bit of a problem-it's hard to replenish them at the same rate we cut them down.

^ Not only is it more hard and durable compared to other timbers used but it looks classy and fashionable.
  • Bamboo, Bamboo Flooring Reviews 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboogalore.com [Source type: General]

.This outer cuticle, cut into thin strips, is one of the most durable and beautiful materials for basket-making, and both in China and Japan it is largely so employed.^ Besides feeding pandas and making a yummy addition to many Asian dishes, bamboo is also used as a building material, both functional and decorative.
  • Green Home Building: Natural Building Techniques: Bamboo 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.greenhomebuilding.com [Source type: General]

^ The manufacturing of Bamboo Floors begins with slicing the bamboo pieces into very thin strips of equal dimensions.

^ The most utilized bamboo in Japan where it is valued for its large straight thick-walled culms.
  • bamboo 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.gatorfarm.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Strips are also woven into cages, chairs, beds and other articles of furniture, Oriental wicker-work in bamboo being unequalled for beauty and neatness of workmanship.^ From our premium hard flooring, significantly harder than any other bamboo flooring in the world today, to our several other styles of flooring to our beautiful furniture, fences and houses crafted with precise beauty, we continue to be the leaders in bamboo technology and design.
  • Want an OutaSite Bamboo Home ! | Greg Lunger.com 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC greglunger.com [Source type: General]

^ The manufacturing of Bamboo Floors begins with slicing the bamboo pieces into very thin strips of equal dimensions.

^ Bamboo is harvested, sliced into strips, boiled in water with a preservative, and pressed flat.
  • Bamboo Floors No Formaldahyde Alexandria Virginia 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.greenfloors.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In China the interior portions of the stem are beaten into a pulp and used for the manufacture of the finer varieties of paper.^ The strong culms are used for light construction, craft, umbrella & broom handles, fishing rods, paper pulp & fuel.

^ The liquid resin, zhuli , is usually not available outside of China, so the dried sap ( tianzhuhuang ) or the shaved stem ( zhuru ) are used as substitutes.
  • Bamboo as Medicine 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.itmonline.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The pulped fibres of several bamboo species, especially Dendrocalamus strictus and Bambusa arundinacea , are used to make fine-quality paper.
  • bamboo (plant) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bamboos are imported to a considerable extent into Europe for the use of basket-makers, and for umbrella and walking-sticks.^ Used for walking sticks in Sichuan.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ F. This bamboo is used to make walking sticks in China.
  • Georgia Bamboo » Wholesale Bamboo Nursery 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.gabamboo.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Bamboo provides their carrying and storage baskets, lamps and lampshades, ropes and strings, roof tiles and hats, and has hundreds of other practical and spiritual uses.
  • Green Home Building: Natural Building Techniques: Bamboo 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.greenhomebuilding.com [Source type: General]

.In short, the purposes to which the bamboo is applicable are almost endless, and well justify the opinion that "it is one of the most wonderful and most beautiful productions of the tropics, and one of Nature's most valuable gifts to uncivilized man" (A. R. Wallace, The Malay Archipelago). A number of species of bamboo are hardy under cultivation in the British Isles.^ It is also one of the most useful bamboos.

^ In fact, most species of bamboo are not monocarpic.

^ This genus includes some of the most hardy species in cultivation.
  • Bamboo Plantation - Bamboo Species Price List! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooplantation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A useful and interesting account of these and their cultivation will be found in the Bamboo Garden, by A. B. Freeman-Mitford.^ Hundreds of new uses have been found for bamboo.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

^ Thousands of uses have been found for bamboo.

^ These bamboo sticks can be arranged in different heights and they may be grouped at the bottom with a rubber band, or use natural rocks or stones to hold them up.
  • Lucky Bamboo for Wedding Favors and Corporate Gift Ideas 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC natureperfect.com [Source type: General]

.They are mostly natives of China and Japan and belong to the genera Arundinaria, Bambusa and Phyllostachys; but include a few Himalayan species of Arundinaria. They may be propagated by seed (though owing to the rare occurrence of fruit, this method is seldom applicable), by division and by cuttings.^ A few species of bamboo belonging to the genus Arundinaria are native to the southern United States , where they form dense canebrakes along riverbanks and in marshy areas.
  • bamboo (plant) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ C MOSO - Known as MOSO in Japan this species is the most widely cultivated bamboo in China and Japan, primarily for its shoots which are the first of the PHYLLOSTACHYS bamboos to appear in spring and are highly regarded, they can be eaten raw if picked early.

^ China has an estimated 300 species of bamboos in 39 genera.
  • Bamboo as Medicine 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.itmonline.org [Source type: Reference]

.They are described as hungry plants which well repay generous treatment, and will flourish in a rich, not too stiff loam, and for the first year or two should be well mulched.^ If the nursery is to be used as a permanent source of planting material, it should be left 2 or 3 years to develop rootstocks before beginning digging.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They can withstand a few degrees of frost and should be planted in a shaded sheltered location with good air humidity.
  • Bamboo Plantation - Bamboo Species Price List! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooplantation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Through the first year, make sure the plant remains moist but not waterlogged.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

.They should be sheltered from winds and well watered during the growing period.^ They should be kept moist and cool during shipping and never be permitted to dry out.
  • http://www.ag.auburn.edu/hort/landscape/bamboo.html 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.ag.auburn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Site and Soil Preparation Most bamboos grow best in deep, well-drained, fertile soils, and they generally prefer neutral to slightly acid soils.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ They can withstand a few degrees of frost and should be planted in a shaded sheltered location with good air humidity.
  • Bamboo Plantation - Bamboo Species Price List! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bambooplantation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

When being transplanted the roots must be disturbed as little as possible. .The following may be mentioned; Arundinaria simoni, a fine plant which in the bamboo garden at Kew has reached 18 ft.^ It is advisable to plant a clumping bamboo 2-4 ft.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Even without planting, bamboo naturally grows back, and it reaches maturity in only four to five...
  • Bamboo, Bamboo Flooring Reviews 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboogalore.com [Source type: General]

^ Small, dwarf bamboos are used as groundcovers, slightly larger bamboos make beautiful hedges, and the larger species make beautful specimen plants in the garden.
  • jmBamboo Nursery: Welcome! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.jmbamboo.com [Source type: General]

in height, and not infrequently flowers and fruits in .Britain; A. japonica, a tall and handsome plant generally grown in gardens under the name A. nitida, " by far the daintiest and most attractive of all its genus, and remarkably hardy"; Bambusa palmata, with leaves a foot or more long and three inches broad; B. tesselata; B. quadrangularis, remarkable for its square stems; Phyllostachys mitis, growing to 60 ft.^ It has long wide leaves and is an attractive ornamental.
  • Georgia Bamboo » Wholesale Bamboo Nursery 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.gabamboo.com [Source type: Reference]

^ It generally grows 3' tall but can grow twice that.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ Leaves up to a foot long.
  • bamboo 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.gatorfarm.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

high in its native home, .China and Japan; and P. nigra, so called from the black stem, a handsome species.^ F. This species is native to Japan and is thought to be a natural hybrid between Sasa veitchii and Phyllostachys nigra ‘Henon’.
  • Georgia Bamboo » Wholesale Bamboo Nursery 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.gabamboo.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Black or Phyllostachys nigra Attractive black stems make this a very popular bamboo.

^ Running bamboos are mostly from temperate climates of Japan, northern China, Siberia and one native species in the United States.



Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

.A long rodlike plant that has a hollow center and leaves.^ Sasa species make striking accent plants, with long, broad leaves overshadowing short stems.

^ Both forms of the plant are aggressive runners with single branches and wide leaves up to 10" long and 1 ½" wide.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]

^ SBB   Sasaella bitchuensis   This plant grows up to 4-6' tall and has leaves which are wide, long and dark green.
  • Bamboo plants for sale at our specialty nursery in Sebastopol, CA. Buy online! 10 February 2010 11:54 UTC www.bamboosourcery.com [Source type: General]


Simple English

Bamboo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Supertribe: Bambusodae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Kunth ex Dumort.
Diversity
Around 91 genera and 1,000 species

Bamboo is a name for more than one thousand species of giant grasses. There are about 91 different genera. All bamboos have wood-like stems. Bamboo mainly grows in Africa, America and in Asia but can easily grow in Europe.

Bamboo grows in clumps and can be up to 40 metres (130 feet). David Farrelly, in his book The Book of Bamboo, says that bamboo has been measured to grow 1.21 meter (47.6 inches) in a 24-hour period. Most bamboos (used for gardening) will grow more like 3 cm to 5 cm (1-2 inches)a day, though.

Almost all species of bamboo have hollow stems divided into nodes or joints. The stem can be up to 30 cm in diameter. Each of the node has one side bud. Not all of those buds develop into branches, but some do. This makes bamboo one of the few grasses that have a branch structure. Bamboo rarely flowers. Some species only flower once, and then die off. The distance of two joints in a bamboo is the basis of a traditional Japanese unit of measurement, shaku.

Uses

Bamboo is used to make lots of things and is a construction material. The stems of larger trees are used to build houses, bridges, and other things that have to be constructed such as boat and wickerwork. It can be used for scaffolding. Bamboo is an easy construction material that is not too expensive.

Bamboo shoots can also be used as human food. Bamboo shoots (new bamboo culms that come out of the ground) are usually cooked before being eaten. Most temperate bamboos can be eaten without cooking if they are not too bitter. As some may contain cyanogens, cooking is better. The only Phyllostachys known to have potentially toxic concentrations of cyanogens is Ph. heterocycla pubescens.

Look up Bambuseae in Wikispecies, a directory of species
bjn:Paring

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 25, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Bamboo, which are similar to those in the above article.








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