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—  Municipality  —
Baní is located in Dominican Republic
Coordinates: 18°17′24″N 70°19′48″W / 18.29°N 70.33°W / 18.29; -70.33
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Peravia
Founded 1764
Municipality since 1845
Area [1]
 - Total 743.79 km2 (287.2 sq mi)
Elevation [2] 61 m (200 ft)
Population (2002)[3]
 - Total 107,926
 - Density 145.1/km2 (375.8/sq mi)
 - Urban 61,864
 - Demonym Banilejo(a)
Distance to
 – Santo Domingo

65 km
Municipal Districts

Baní is a capital town of the Peravia Province, Dominican Republic. It is the commercial and manufacturing center in a region producing bananas and coffee.


The city of Bani is the capital of the Peravia province; its residents also know it as the home of poets. It’s only an hour’s drive west of Santo Domingo. The province’s population is relatively small with 169,865 people, and only 61,864 in the Bani metro area. This is a tightly knit community with families and neighborhoods dating back several centuries.

Bani is a Taino word meaning “abundant water.” The area was named after an important Taino leader of the Maguana people. He was said to be one of Caonabo’s closest allies. But, it wasn’t until 1764 when a group of neighbors concerned with their security and safety came together to purchase a property large enough to build their own village in the valley of Bani. Historians set the sum of this purchase as that of “300 pesos fuertes” for a property called Cerro Gordo; the principals were listed as Francisco Baez and Bartolome del Castillo. It’s no wonder why Banilejos (Bani citizens) keep their city with such pride and high esteem. Banilejos are well known for being industrious, successful business entrepreneurs, and for having one of the best-kept towns in the Dominican Republic.

Its culture and customs were most accurately portrayed in the novel "Bani o Engracia y Anto-ita," written by Francisco Gregorio Billini. The local beach is "Playa Los Almendros" (Almendros Beach,) situated 6 km (3.72 miles) south of the center square. The town's original design follows the classic Spanish square, with a park in the center of the town surrounded by the local church and the local government (mayor's office).

The city's Patron Saint is "Nuestra Señora de Regla," whose celebration is on 21 November each year.

Baní is surrounded by many smaller towns, many with their own specific identities. One example is Paya, well known around the country for its milk-based candies (most famously "Dulce de Leche," or candy of milk.) Another is Salinas, a town by the Salinas bay, where salt is produced. Salinas is famous for it's Sand Dunes, that make the Dominican Republic the country with the largest sand dunes in the Caribbean. (Also remember the Dominican Republic was the FIRST piece of land from america that Christopher Columbus discovered. The first church in the American continent is located in Santo Domingo.)

People from Baní

  • Willy Aybar – Baseball player
  • Erick Aybar – Baseball player
  • Manny Aybar – Baseball player
  • Máximo Gómez y Báez – Military leader in Cuba's War of Independence
  • Timo Pérez- Baseball Player
  • Miguel Tejada – Baseball player
  • Robinson Tejeda – Baseball player
  • Juan Uribe – Baseball player
  • Luis Vizcaíno – Baseball player
  • Dagoberto Tejeda – Sociologist and Folklorist
  • Pisandro Miniño – Weight Lifter - Won Silver Medal in 1967 Pan-American Games
  • Baní is known for it's Mangos "mamellitos"
  • Baní is one of the places where the Pulitzer prize winning novel ["The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao"] takes place.
  • The Internationally acclaimed Bachata singers Aventura began their career singing at small clubs gigs in Baní.


  1. ^ Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. ^ De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.  
  3. ^ Censo 2002 de Población y Vivienda, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica

Gurbani is the term used by Sikhs to refer to any compositions of the Gurus. Gurbani is composed of two words: 'Gur' meaning 'the Guru's' and 'bani' meaning 'word'.

Extracts from Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji are called Gutkas (small books) containing sections of Gurbani.


Respecting Gurbani

A Gutka is kept covered in a clean cloth. A person must wash their hands, feet and face, and cover his/her head before handling the Gutka. Gurbani should never be put on the floor or in a place which is lower than any furniture upon which a person may sit or lie.

A Gutka should never be taken to any place where any of the four major sins ("bajjar kurehats) are/do take place: sexual relationships outside of marriage, consumption of tobacco products (or any other intoxicants including alcohol), cutting or removal of hair from the body or consumption of meat or eggs.

Nitnem Banis

The Banis Japji Sahib, Jaap Sahib, Tav-Parsad Savaiye, should be read daily according to the Sikh Rehat Maryada (SRM), many read Benti Chaupai and Anand Sahib in addition. These are recited by initiated Sikhs in the early morning (before 6am). Rehras Sahib is read in the evening (at sunset) and Kirtan Sohila before going to sleep at night.

External links

See also

Simple English

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