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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 53°13′41″N 4°07′41″W / 53.228°N 4.128°W / 53.228; -4.128

Bangor
Bangor High Street & Clock.jpg
Bangor High Street & Clock
Bangor is located in Wales2
Bangor

 Bangor shown within Wales
Population 21,735 (2008 estimate)
OS grid reference SH580722
    - Cardiff  183.6 mi 
    - London  258.2 mi 
Principal area Gwynedd
Ceremonial county Gwynedd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BANGOR
Postcode district LL57
Dialling code 01248
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Conwy
List of places: UK • Wales • Gwynedd

Bangor is a city in Gwynedd, Wales, and one of the smallest cities in Britain. It is a university city with a population of 13,725 at the 2001 census, not including around 10,000 students at Bangor University. Including nearby Menai Bridge on Anglesey, which does not however form part of the City of Bangor itself, the population is about 18,000. Although it is Wales' fourth largest city, this is somewhat misleading as it only ranks as 36th largest urban area in Wales. According to the census, 46.6% of the population speak Welsh[1] (despite the fact that most of the students come from outside Wales).

Contents

History

The origins of the city date back to the founding of a monastic establishment on the site of Bangor Cathedral by the Celtic saint Deiniol in the early 6th century AD. The name 'Bangor' itself is an old Welsh word for a type of fenced-in enclosure, such as was originally on the site of the cathedral. The present cathedral is a somewhat more recent building and has been extensively modified throughout the centuries.

Bangor in 1610.

While the building itself is not the oldest, and certainly not the biggest, the bishopric of Bangor is one of the oldest in Britain. Another claim to fame is that Bangor allegedly has the longest High Street in Wales. Friars School was founded as a free grammar school in 1557, and Bangor University was founded in 1884.

Geography

Bangor lies on the coast of north Wales near the Menai Strait which separates the island of Anglesey from Gwynedd. Bangor Mountain lies to the east of the main part of the city, but the large housing estate of Maesgeirchen, originally built as council housing, is to the east of the mountain near Port Penrhyn. Bangor Mountain casts a shadow across the High Street, Glan Adda and Hirael areas, so that from November to March some parts of the High Street in particular receive no direct sunlight[citation needed]. Another ridge rises to the north of the High Street, dividing the city centre from the south shore of the Menai Strait; this area is known as Upper Bangor (Bangor Uchaf).

A map of Bangor from 1947

Bangor has two rivers within its boundaries. The River Adda is a largely culverted watercourse which only appears above ground at its western extremities near the Faenol estate, whilst the River Cegin enters Port Penrhyn at the eastern edge of the city. Port Penrhyn was an important port in the 19th century, exporting the slates produced at the Penrhyn Quarry.

Bangor lies at the western end of the North Wales Path, a 60 mile long-distance coastal walking route to Prestatyn. It is also on routes 5, 8 and 85 of the National Cycle Network.

Bangor railway station, which serves the city, is located on the North Wales Coast Line from Crewe to Holyhead.

Education

University and colleges

Secondary schools

Primary schools

  • Ysgol Cae Top [5]
  • Ysgol Ein Harglwyddes
  • Ysgol Glanadda
  • Ysgol Glan Cegin [6]
  • Ysgol Hirael
  • Ysgol Y Faenol [7]
  • Ysgol Y Garnedd

Infant schools

  • Ysgol Babanod, Coed Mawr

Independent schools

  • Hillgrove School [8]
  • St. Gerard's School [9]

Culture

Bangor is an important centre for classical music, with regular concerts given in the Powis and Prichard-Jones Halls as part of the university's Music at Bangor concert series.[10] The city is also home to the Gwynedd Museum and Art Gallery.[11] The University has announced plans for a major new arts centre in the city.[2]

Bangor hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1890, 1902, 1915, 1931, 1940 (through the medium of radio), 1943, 1971 and 2005, as well as an unofficial National Eisteddfod event in 1874.

Media

Radio

Bangor is home to a small BBC broadcasting centre, producing a large amount of output for BBC Radio Cymru. The studios are also the main North Wales newsroom for television, radio and online. The BBC's Light Entertainment Department moved to Bangor during World War II and many classic programmes (like ITMA) came from Bangor.

Bangor is also home to two commercial radio stations, Heart Cymru (serving Anglesey and Gwynedd) and Heart North Wales Coast (serving the North Wales Coast), which share studio facilities on the Parc Menai office complex.

Bangor University also has its own student radio station called Storm FM, which broadcasts from the Ffriddoedd Site.

In 1967, The Beatles came to Bangor, staying in Dyfrdwy, one of the halls comprising Adeilad Hugh Owen (Hugh Owen Building), now part of the Management Centre, for their first encounter with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, during which visit they learned of the death of their manager Brian Epstein.[citation needed]

On February 24th, 2010 BBC Radio 1's The Chris Moyles Show announced Bangor as the location for Radio 1's Big Weekend concert festival. The morning show was broadcast on location from Bangor, with the announcement as well as a portion of the lineup being revealed.

Retail trade and night life

Retail trade

Bangor has a number of retail outlets on Caernarfon Road, on the outskirts of town. One of these is St. David's Retail Park which houses Matalan, DW Sports Fitness and PC World. It was constructed on the site of the demolished St David's maternity hospital. Other outlets along Caernarfon Road include a large modern Tesco.

Night clubs

  • Academi (Students Union)
  • Amser/Time
  • Hendre Hall (Tal Y Bont) [12]
  • Octagon & Glitterball [13]
  • 342
  • Joop

Restaurants and bars

  • The Black Bull Inn (JD Wetherspoon) [14]
  • The Boat Yard (near the pier) [15]
  • Fat Cat Café Bar [16]
  • The Harp Inn (80-82 High Street, Bangor)
  • Yr Hen Glan (The Old Glan) [17]
  • The Mostyn Arms [18]
  • Noodle One
  • The Skerries Inn
  • The Tap & Spile Inn
  • Varsity [19]
  • Yates's [20]
  • Piranha Lounge Bangor [21]

Garth Pier

Bangor has a pier, which is the second longest in Wales and also the 9th longest in the British Isles, being 1,500 feet (or 472 metres). Its name is the Garth Pier, and was almost demolished in 1974 due to the poor condition it was in at the time. However local support for the pier ensured that it survived and gained a Grade 2 listed status, as it was considered one of the three finest surviving piers at the time. Restoration work began in 1982 and did not finish until 1988. The pier was re-opened on Saturday, 7 May 1988.

Sport

Bangor has a long-established football team, Bangor City F.C. which competes in the national Welsh Premier League (Formally League of Wales). Bangor City have won the League of Wales on two occasions and been continuous members of the league since its inception. Bangor City have also won the Welsh Cup seven times, most recently in 2009. Before 1992 they were members of the English football pyramid, peaking with the Northern Premier League title in 1982 and being FA Trophy runners-up in 1984. They have also competed in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup three times (including its final season, 1998-99, before being merged into the UEFA Cup), UEFA Champions League twice, and UEFA Cup five times, though they have not progressed far in any of the European competitions.

Bangor is also home to rugby union team Bangor RFC who play in the WRU Division Two North league.

Notable people from Bangor

Popular Culture

The city of Bangor is mentioned as the birthplace of the wife of Mr. Tebbs, in the popular BBC series "Are You Being Served?" in the series 6 episode "Shedding the Load."

Hospital

Ysbyty Gwynedd

Ysbyty Gwynedd is based in Bangor within the Penrhosgarnedd area. The hospital is the largest of all the North West Wales NHS Trust hospitals and the main administrative centre is based in Bangor.

See also


References

  1. ^ (6,199 out of 13,310 people aged 3 and older spoke Welsh in the following wards: Deiniol, Marchog, Hirael, Garth, Menai, Glyder, Hendre, Dewi. 2001 Census
  2. ^ Plans announced for new Arts Centre in Bangor

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

University of Wales, Bangor, Main Arts building
University of Wales, Bangor, Main Arts building

Bangor is a small city in Gwynedd.

Understand

Bangor is a small coastal city in North Wales, and although it does not have an abundance of attractions, it is a picturesque place offering views over the Menai Strait (especially attractive at sun-set), and also serves as a convenient base for visiting the nearby Snowdonia National Park. The city is also a popular place to spend the night for travellers leaving for Ireland on the Holyhead to Dublin ferry.

With a population of only around 14,000, Bangor is one of the UK's smallest cities. However, as a bustling university town, the city is not lacking in cafes and restaurants and enjoys a vibrant night life.

Around half of the people in the city can speak Welsh, but if you took away all of the students in the University, this figure would be much higher.

Get in

By train

Bangor lies on the North Wales Coastal Line, and can be reached from either the direction of Holyhead, for those travelling from Dublin, or from Chester, for those traveling from the mainland. Bangor is on the Holyhead → Chester track, and can be reached from either with trains running roughly every hour. Bangor can also be reached the following ways:

  • Liverpool Lime StreetChester → Bangor - about 2 hours travelling time. £18.10 for standard day ticket.
  • Manchester PicadillyChester → Bangor
  • Cardiff → Bangor
  • London EustonCrewe → Bangor - roughly every hour, taking about four hours. £96.50 for a standard open single, £62.90 for a saver single (available most days). Booking in advance may get you a ticket for £51.
  • London Euston → Bangor direct - three times a day. Takes just over 3 hours, but same price as above.

By car

Bangor is just off the intersection of A5 and A55 between Conwy and Holyhead. Bangor is directly on the A5, which runs directly from London to Holyhead making it easily accessible from the capital city of England. This 250 mile journey takes roughly four and half hours. From the north west of England, Bangor can easily be reached on the coastal road A55, which provides a nice safe journey on a road which serves all of the North coast of Wales. The journey takes as little as an hour and is about 65 miles (105 km). Bangor is also served by the A487 from the west coast of Wales, from Haverfordwest via Aberystwyth.

By bus

Students visiting or moving to Bangor with a lot of luggage may find it safest to travel by coach.

  • National Express, +44 8705 808080, [1]. Advance booking is essential to guarantee a seat. Disabled Persons Travel Helpline: +44 121 423 8479, textphone: +44 121 455 0086.  edit
Bangor Cathedral
Bangor Cathedral
  • Bangor Pier, +44 1248 352421. The quaint fishing harbour and Victorian Pier.  edit
  • Penrhyn Castle, +44 1248 35308 (), [2]. A neo-Norman Victorian Castle that contains a collection of "Norman" style furniture and old masters' paintings. Has a National Trust shop, a doll museum, two galleries and an industrial railway museum. £9 (£4 for children).  edit
  • Bangor Cathedral, +44 1248 354999. A 6th Century cathedral with attractive architecture. The focal point of the city.  edit
  • Gwynedd Museum and Art Gallery, Ffordd Gwynedd, +44 1248 353368, [3]. Tells the story of the people of Bangor and Gwynedd over previous centuries. Free entry.  edit
  • Bangor City FC, The Stadium, Farrar Road, +44 1248 725745 (, fax: +44 1248 724182), [4]. Bangor City Football Club's home ground, located near the City center. A good place to go on match days to soak the atmosphere and to meet real Bangor locals. Adults £6, Concessions £4, Kids £2.  edit
  • Bangor Tourist Information Center, Town Hall, Ffordd Deiniol, +44 1248 352786 (). Information for the entire north of Wales, tips and directions for the best days out.  edit
  • University Concert Series, Powis Hall and Prichard-Jones Hall, Main Arts Building, College Road, [5]. Regular concerts of classical music during term time, usually on Thursday and Saturday evenings. Perfomers include professional orchestras, chamber ensembles and soloists, and there are also concerts of electroacoustic music and regular performances by the University's own choirs and orchestras.  edit
  • Bangor University, Gwynedd, +44 1248 351151, [6].  edit

Eat

Welsh lamb and beef feature prominently as does freshly caught fish such as salmon, brown trout, white crab and lobster. Vegetarian preferences are also well catered for with organic fruit and vegetable producers in the area. Some of the local eateries include:

  • Java Industries Cafe, Behind Abbey National, High Street, +44 1248 361652. Vegetarian restaurant, but not strictly for vegetarians. Pleasant cafe with surfwear shop attached. Can be easily missed on the high street, as it is down a small uninviting alleyway, but don't be put off.  edit
  • The Black Bull Inn (JD Wetherspoon), 107 High Street, +44 1248 387900, [7]. Sun–Thu 9AM–midnight; Fri/Sat 9AM–1AM. Typical food menu and drink service. Music is now played (sometimes loudly), but family-friendly atmosphere. Food varies in quality and is not a home-made meal, typical from a high-street brand chain. Can provide the venue, but not the atmosphere. If you're looking for a good insight into Bangor culture, this will more remind you of a small bar in any city or town.  edit
  • Papillon, 347a High Street, +44 1248 360248. A very smart and elegant little restaurant that is a diamond in the rough. The food is fantastic and great value for money. A student favorite for its cheap lunches to remind them what nutrition actually is!  edit

There are more, and they're small private places with varied food and menus. It's worth asking a local!

  • The Fat Cat Bar, [8]. Fine drinks and fine food, definitely worth the money.  edit

Bangor's waterholes vary from the traditional to the student popular venues, to somewhere for a quiet drink. Students who have money to spend can also find a great night out.

  • The Harp Inn, 80 High Street (Towards the station on the high street), +44 1248 361817. A friendly, cosy traditional pub. Great menu, all cooked from scratch, no microwaving here! Reasonable drink prices, and offers on house vodka, whiskey. Round of Jaegerbombs only £10 (for 6 shots and red bull) The best in Bangor!!  edit
  • Belle Vue, Holyhead Road, +44 1248 364439. A traditional, ideally situated pub in the busy student sector, offering lunchtime snacks and main meals. Selection of local and established real ales, themed evenings and weekly quiz on Sundays.  edit
  • The Old Glan, Glanrafon, [9]. Typically known as "Yellow Pub" because of it's unusual yellow colored facade, this pub provides a great atmosphere for students to lie about, eat, drink, play pool, watch silly programs on TV, sing on the karaoke, or just take advantage of cheap beer. Great music and great food. Wifi hotspot.  edit
  • Rascal's Bar, 6a Holyhead Rd, Upper Bangor, +44 1248 353511. Increasingly popular Student Bar.  edit
  • The Globe, Albert Street, Upper Bangor. Traditional Welsh pub where the staff are friendly, but sometimes the atmosphere might not be very welcoming towards the English (I - being VERY English DO NOT agree with this comment - they are VERY friendly towards the English!). Current and former Welsh-speaking student favorite, as well as being very popular with Bangor locals.  edit
  • Patrick's Bar, 57-59 Holyhead Road, +44 1248 372530, [10]. Affectionately known as "Paddy's Bar", this small Irish-themed bar is popular with all and makes such a stamp on visitors that they make sure to return whenever nearby.  edit
  • Amser (Time Nightclub), University of Wales Bangor, Deiniol, +44 1248 388026. The place to be for young clubbers on a night out. Time is a very safe place to go for a dance and a drink, and is supported by the University. Just because it's a student spot, don't expect the drinks to be cheap. The most notable nights are Happy Mondays (effectively a cheesey music night), fridays (pop) and the amazing new alternative indie night called LOST PROPERTY, [11]. 10pm - 2am.  edit  edit which transforms the venue completely every other tuesday. The regular DJs for this night play an amazing set of indie and electro every time. Time is also the venue of choice for any major bands/acts who come to Bangor.
  • Academi, Student's Union, Deiniol Road. Students Only</u> - formerly Main Bar, with nights including fancy dress, comedy night, and the amazing 'attitude free night' "Fruit Salad" - run by Unity Bangor (the LGBT society). Varying types of music on each night from the funk, reggae, soul, afrobeat and hip-hop at "Racubah", to the traditional pop happy Saturday night out.  edit
  • Octagon, Dean Street, [12]. The Octagon, and its attached club Bliss are a lively night out occasionally supported by some of the top DJs in the UK. On the weekends many customers wearing their Ben Sherman shirts and polished shoes can be found here enjoying lots of drink and lots of dancing. The student night here is a great laugh and appears on every Wednesday during term time. Be safe here on weekends though, this is outside student territory and locals frequent this club often. However, this provides a good mix of people and can still be a great night out. More recently there are some good rock/metal nights here in the week and also the occasional band night.  edit
  • Hendre Hall, Tal-y-Bont (About 3 miles from Bangor just off the A55 Tal-y-Bont intersection), [13]. Hendre is Victorian Grade II listed stone farm building that has been converted to provide a venue of real character for weddings and music events. A favourite venue for local bands, DJs and promoters of world music. It does not provide accommodation.  edit
  • Croeso-Welcome Bangor, University of Wales Bangor, Ffriddoedd Building, Victoria Drive., ''+44 1248 388-399 (, fax: +44 1248 383-501), [14]. Accommodation in student halls of residence - seasonal only.  edit
  • Dilfan Guest House, Dilfan, Garth Road., +44 1248 353-030 (). Small, friendly bed and breakfast with 7 bedrooms and 4 ensuite. Facilities include: parking, ensuite, easy access, no smoking. £20-25.  edit
  • Eryl Môr Hotel, 3 Upper Garth Road, +44 1248 353-789 (), [15]. A nice hotel with restaurant and bar. Great for families. Pet friendly. 22 well equipped rooms (18 en-suite). From £30.  edit
  • Germor, Germor, Maes Isalaw, +44 1248 364-386 (), [17]. Small, friendly bed and breakfast with 3 bedrooms situated overlooking Hirael Bay harbour. Ideal for visiting university and local attractions. Facilities include: parking, easy access.  edit
  • Yr-Elen, Bryn, Llandygai, +44 1248 364-591 (fax: +44 1248 362-666). Fantastic views.  edit
  • Treborth Leisure, Treborth Hall Farm, +44 1248 364399 (, fax: +44 1248 364333), [18]. A two-star touring caravan and camping site, with water and shower facilities, and a few nice cottages with self-catering facilities, washing machines, etc. Pet friendly. £50 per night or £270 for the week.  edit
  • Anglesey particularly the Anglesey Sea Zoo, Pili Palas (a butterfly palace) and the 13th Century Beaumaris Castle
  • Caernarfon to see the majestic 13th Century castle.
  • You can buy ferry tickets to Dublin (departing from Holyhead) at any of the travel agents on the town's one main road (the High Street).
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

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