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Banister Fletcher (1833 – 5 July 1899) was an English architect and surveyor and Liberal politician.


Fletcher was the second son of Thomas Fletcher. He was educated privately and while a student he won the 1st prize given by the Institute of Architects in London. He became an architect and surveyor, and was district surveyor for West Newington and part of Lambeth. He was also a major in the 1st Tower Hamlets Rifle Volunteer Brigade. Fletcher became a Fellow of the RIBA and was the author of several architectural text-books.[1]

Fletcher was elected as a Liberal Member of Parliament for Chippenham on 24 November 1885,[2] making his maiden speech the following year on the topic of excise duties on herb beer.[3] The following election cut short his parliamentary career, and he was defeated on 1 July 1886 by Lord Henry Bruce, a Conservative.[4] Fletcher made five speeches during the time he was in parliament.[2]

From 1890, Fletcher was Professor of Architecture at King’s College, London.[5] He was also Master of the Worshipful Company of Carpenters from 1889 to 1890.[6]

Fletcher died at the age of 66 and was buried in Hampstead Cemetery.[6]

Fletcher married Eliza Jane Phillips in 1864. Their son, also named Banister Fletcher, became a noted architect who authored A History of Architecture on the Comparative Method.[7]


Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Gabriel Goldney
Member of Parliament for Chippenham
Succeeded by
Lord Henry Brudenell-Bruce


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