Banksy: Wikis

  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Banksy
Birth name Unknown
Born 1974 or 1975 (1974 or 1975)
Bristol, UK[1]
Nationality British
Field Graffiti
Street Art
Bristol underground scene
Sculpture
Movement Anti-Totalitarianism
Anti-capitalism
Pacifism
Anti-War
Anarchism
Atheism
Anti-Fascism
Works Naked Man Image
One Nation Under CCTV
Anarchist Rat
Ozone's Angel
Pulp Fiction

Banksy is a pseudonymous[2][3][4] British graffiti artist. He is believed to be a native of Yate, South Gloucestershire, near Bristol[2] and to have been born in 1974,[5] but his identity is unknown.[6] According to Tristan Manco, Banksy "was born in 1974 and raised in Bristol, England. The son of a photocopier technician, he trained as a butcher but became involved in graffiti during the great Bristol aerosol boom of the late 1980s."[7] His artworks are often satirical pieces of art on topics such as politics, culture, and ethics. His street art, which combines graffiti writing with a distinctive stencilling technique, is similar to Blek le Rat, who began to work with stencils in 1981 in Paris and members of the anarcho-punk band Crass who maintained a graffiti stencil campaign on the London Tube System in the late 1970s and early 1980s. His art has appeared in cities around the world.[8] Banksy's work was born out of the Bristol underground scene which involved collaborations between artists and musicians.

Banksy does not sell photos of street graffiti.[9] Art auctioneers have been known to attempt to sell his street art on location and leave the problem of its removal in the hands of the winning bidder.[10]

Banksy's first film, Exit Through The Gift Shop, billed as "the world's first street art disaster movie", made its debut at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival.[11] The film was released in the UK on March 5. [12]

Contents

Career

Naked Man image by Banksy, on the wall of a sexual health clinic[13] in Park Street, Bristol. Following popular support, the City Council have decided it will be allowed to remain - (wider view).

Banksy started as a freehand graffiti artist 1992–1994[14] as one of Bristol's DryBreadZ Crew (DBZ), with Kato and Tes.[15] He was inspired by local artists and his work was part of the larger Bristol underground scene. From the start he used stencils as elements of his freehand pieces, too.[14] By 2000 he had turned to the art of stencilling after realising how much less time it took to complete a piece. He claims he changed to stencilling whilst he was hiding from the police under a train carriage, when he noticed the stencilled serial number[16] and by employing this technique, he soon became more widely noticed for his art around Bristol and London.[16]

Stencil on the waterline of The Thekla, an entertainment boat in central Bristol - (wider view). The image of Death is based on a 19th century etching illustrating the pestilence of The Great Stink.[17]

Banksy's stencils feature striking and humorous images occasionally combined with slogans. The message is usually anti-war, anti-capitalist or anti-establishment. Subjects include rats, monkeys, policemen, soldiers, children, and the elderly.

An Anarchist rat.

In late 2001, on a trip to Sydney and Melbourne, Australia, he met up with the Gen-X pastellist, visual activist, and recluse James DeWeaver in Byron Bay, where he stencilled a parachuting rat with a clothes pin on its nose above a toilet at the Arts Factory Lodge. This stencil can no longer be located. He also makes stickers (the Neighbourhood Watch subvert) and sculpture (the murdered phone-box), and was responsible for the cover art of Blur's 2003 album Think Tank.

2000

The album cover for Monk & Canatella's Do Community Service was conceived and illustrated by Banksy, based on his contribution to the "Walls on fire" event in Bristol 1998.[18][citation needed]

2002

On 19 July 2002, Banksy's first Los Angeles exhibition debuted at 33 1/3 Gallery, a small Silverlake venue owned by Frank Sosa. The exhibition, entitled Existencilism, was curated by 33 1/3 Gallery, Malathion, Funk Lazy Promotions, and B+.[19]

2003

In 2003 in an exhibition called Turf War, held in a warehouse, Banksy painted on animals. Although the RSPCA declared the conditions suitable, an animal rights activist chained herself to the railings in protest.[20] He later moved on to producing subverted paintings; one example is Monet's Water Lily Pond, adapted to include urban detritus such as litter and a shopping trolley floating in its reflective waters; another is Edward Hopper's Nighthawks, redrawn to show that the characters are looking at a British football hooligan, dressed only in his Union Flag underpants, who has just thrown an object through the glass window of the cafe. These oil paintings were shown at a twelve-day exhibition in Westbourne Grove, London in 2005.[21]

Banksy art in Brick Lane, East End, 2004.

2004

In August 2004, Banksy produced a quantity of spoof British £10 notes substituting the picture of the Queen's head with Princess Diana's head and changing the text "Bank of England" to "Banksy of England." Someone threw a large wad of these into a crowd at Notting Hill Carnival that year, which some recipients then tried to spend in local shops. These notes were also given with invitations to a Santa's Ghetto exhibition by Pictures on Walls. The individual notes have since been selling on eBay for about £200 each. A wad of the notes were also thrown over a fence and into the crowd near the NME signing tent at The Reading Festival. A limited run of 50 signed posters containing ten uncut notes were also produced and sold by Pictures on Walls for £100 each to commemorate the death of Princess Diana. One of these sold in October 2007 at Bonhams auction house in London for £24,000.

A stencil of Charles Manson in a prison suit, hitchhiking to anywhere, Archway, London.

2005

In August 2005, Banksy, on a trip to the Palestinian territories, created nine images on Israel's highly controversial West Bank barrier. He reportedly said "The Israeli government is building a wall surrounding the occupied Palestinian territories. It stands three times the height of the Berlin Wall and will eventually run for over 700km—the distance from London to Zurich. The wall is illegal under international law and essentially turns Palestine into the world's largest open prison."[22]

2006

  • Banksy held an exhibition called Barely Legal, billed as a "three day vandalised warehouse extravaganza" in Los Angeles, on the weekend of 16 September. The exhibition featured a live "elephant in a room", painted in a pink and gold floral wallpaper pattern.[23]
  • After Christina Aguilera bought an original of Queen Victoria as a lesbian and two prints for £25,000,[24] on 19 October 2006 a set of Kate Moss paintings sold in Sotheby's London for £50,400, setting an auction record for Banksy's work. The six silk-screen prints, featuring the model painted in the style of Andy Warhol's Marilyn Monroe pictures, sold for five times their estimated value. His stencil of a green Mona Lisa with real paint dripping from her eyes sold for £57,600 at the same auction.[25]
  • In December, journalist Max Foster coined the phrase, "the Banksy Effect", to illustrate how interest in other street artists was growing on the back of Banksy's success.[26]

2007

  • On 21 February 2007, Sotheby's auction house in London auctioned three works, reaching the highest ever price for a Banksy work at auction: over £102,000 for his Bombing Middle England. Two of his other graffiti works, Balloon Girl and Bomb Hugger, sold for £37,200 and £31,200 respectively, which were well above their estimated prices.[27] The following day's auction saw a further three Banksy works reach soaring prices: Ballerina With Action Man Parts reached £96,000; Glory sold for £72,000; Untitled (2004) sold for £33,600; all significantly above estimated values.[28] To coincide with the second day of auctions, Banksy updated his website with a new image of an auction house scene showing people bidding on a picture that said, "I Can't Believe You Morons Actually Buy This Shit."[6]
  • In February 2007, the owners of a house with a Banksy mural on the side in Bristol decided to sell the house through Red Propeller art gallery after offers fell through because the prospective buyers wanted to remove the mural. It is listed as a mural which comes with a house attached.[29]
Banksy on Pulp Fiction again.
  • In April 2007, Transport for London painted over Banksy's iconic image of a scene from Quentin Tarantino's Pulp Fiction, with Samuel L. Jackson and John Travolta clutching bananas instead of guns. Although the image was very popular, Transport for London claimed that the "graffiti" created "a general atmosphere of neglect and social decay which in turn encourages crime" and their staff are "professional cleaners not professional art critics".[30] Banksy tagged the same site again (pictured at right). This time the actors were portrayed as holding real guns instead of bananas, but they were adorned with banana costumes. Banksy made a tribute art piece over this second Pulp Fiction piece. The tribute was for 19-year-old British graffiti artist Ozone, who was hit by an underground train in Barking, East London, along with fellow artist Wants, on 12 January 2007.[31] The piece was of an angel wearing a bullet-proof vest, holding a skull. He also wrote a note on his website, saying:

The last time I hit this spot I painted a crap picture of two men in banana costumes waving hand guns. A few weeks later a writer called Ozone completely dogged it and then wrote 'If it's better next time I'll leave it' in the bottom corner. When we lost Ozone we lost a fearless graffiti writer and as it turns out a pretty perceptive art critic. Ozone - rest in peace.[citation needed]

Ozone's Angel
  • On 27 April 2007, a new record high for the sale of Banksy's work was set with the auction of the work Space Girl & Bird fetching £288,000 (US$576,000), around 20 times the estimate at Bonhams of London.[32]
  • On 21 May 2007 Banksy gained the award for Art's Greatest living Briton. Banksy, as expected, did not turn up to collect his award, and continued with his notoriously anonymous status.
  • On 4 June 2007, it was reported that Banksy's The Drinker had been stolen.[33][34]
  • In October 2007, most of his works offered for sale at Bonhams auction house in London sold for more than twice their reserve price.[35]
  • Banksy has published a "manifesto" on his website.[36] The text of the manifesto is credited as the diary entry of one Lieutenant Colonel Mervin Willett Gonin, DSO, which is exhibited in the Imperial War Museum. It describes how a shipment of lipstick to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp immediately after its liberation at the end of World War II helped the internees regain their humanity. However, as of 18 January 2008, Banksy's Manifesto has been substituted with Graffiti Heroes #03 that describes Peter Chappell's graffiti quest of the 1970s that worked to free George Davis of his imprisonment.[37] By 12 August 2009 he was relying on Emo Phillips' "When I was a kid I used to pray every night for a new bicycle. Then I realised God doesn’t work that way, so I stole one and prayed for forgiveness."
  • A small number of Banksy's works can be seen in the movie Children of Men, including a stenciled image of two policemen kissing and another stencil of a child looking down a shop.
  • In the 2007 film Shoot 'Em Up starring Clive Owen, Banksy's tag can be seen on a dumpster in the film's credits.
  • Banksy, who deals mostly with Lazarides Gallery in London, claims that the exhibition at Vanina Holasek Gallery in New York (his first major exhibition in that city) is unauthorised. The exhibition featured 62 of his paintings and prints.[38]

2008

  • In February, a stencilled graffiti work appeared on Thames Water tower in the middle of the Holland Park roundabout, and it was widely attributed to Banksy. It was of a child painting the tag "Take this Society" in bright orange. London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham spokesman, Councillor Greg Smith branded the art as vandalism, and ordered its immediate removal, which was carried out by H&F council workmen within three days.[39]
  • Over the weekend 3–5 May in London, Banksy hosted an exhibition called The Cans Festival. It was situated on Leake Street, a road tunnel formerly used by Eurostar underneath London Waterloo station. Graffiti artists with stencils were invited to join in and paint their own artwork, as long as it didn't cover anyone else's.[40] Artists included Blek le Rat, Broken Crow, C215, Cartrain, Dolk, Dotmasters, J.Glover, Eine, Eelus, Hero, Pure evil, Jef Aérosol, Mr Brainwash, Tom Civil and Roadsworth.[citation needed]
Work on building in the Lower 9th Ward of New Orleans, August 2008
  • In late August 2008, marking the third anniversary of Hurricane Katrina and the associated levee failure disaster, Banksy produced a series of works in New Orleans, Louisiana, mostly on buildings derelict since the disaster.[41]
  • A stencil painting attributed to Banksy appeared at a vacant petrol station in the Ensley neighbourhood of Birmingham, Alabama on 29 August as Hurricane Gustav approached the New Orleans area. The painting depicting a hooded member of the Ku Klux Klan hanging from a noose was quickly covered with black spray paint and later removed altogether.[42]
  • His first official exhibition in New York, the "Village Pet Store And Charcoal Grill," opened 5 October 2008. The animatronic pets in the store window include a mother hen watching over her baby Chicken McNuggets as they peck at a barbecue sauce packet, and a rabbit putting makeup on in a mirror.[43]
One nation under CCTV.[44]
  • The Westminster City Council stated in October 2008 that the work "One Nation Under CCTV", painted in April 2008 will be painted over as it is graffiti. The council says it will remove any graffiti, regardless of the reputation of its creator, and specifically stated that Banksy has no more right to paint graffiti than a child.[44] The work was painted over in April 2009.
  • In December 2008 a Banksy image of a diver in a duffle coat in Melbourne Australia was vandalised. The image was protected by a sheet of clear perspex, however silver paint was poured behind the protective sheet and then tagged with the words "Banksy woz ere". It is thought the image has been destroyed.[45]

2009

Queues for Banksy's Summer Show, June 2009
  • May 2009, parts company with agent Steve Lazarides. Announces Pest Control [46] the handling service who act on his behalf will be the only point of sale for new works.
  • On 13 June 2009, the Banksy UK Summer show opened at Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery, featuring more than 100 works of art, including animatronics and installations; it is his largest exhibition yet, featuring 78 new works.[47][48] Reaction to the show was positive, with over 8,500 visitors to the show on the first weekend.[49] Over the course of the twelve weeks, the exhibition has been visited over 300,000 times.[50]
  • In September 2009, a Banksy work parodying the Royal Family was partially destroyed by Hackney Council after they served an enforcement notice for graffiti removal to the former address of the property owner. The mural had been commissioned for the 2003 Blur single "Crazy Beat" and the property owner, who had allowed the piece to be painted, was reported to have been in tears when she saw it was being painted over.[51]
  • In December 2009, Banksy marked the end of the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference by painting four murals on global warming. One included "I don't believe in global warming" which was submerged in water.[52]

2010

  • The world premier of the film Exit through the Gift Shop occurred at the Sundance Film Festival in Park City, Utah, on 24 January. He created 10 street pieces around Park City and Salt Lake City to tie in with the screening.[53]
  • In February, The Whitehouse public house in Liverpool, England, is sold for £114,000 at auction.[54] The side of the building has an image of a giant rat by Banksy.[55]

Notable art pieces

Graffiti depicting graffiti removal by Banksy. Created in May 2008 at Leake Street in London, painted over by August 2008. Notice the animals resembling cave art from Lascaux or Altamira.

In addition to his artwork, Banksy has claimed responsibility for a number of high profile art pieces, including the following:

Graffiti paintings on the Israeli West Bank barrier by Banksy near Qalandia - July 2005
Near Bethlehem - 2005
  • Banksy has sprayed "This is not a photo opportunity" on certain photograph spots.
  • In August 2005, Banksy painted nine images on the Israeli West Bank barrier, including an image of a ladder going up and over the wall and an image of children digging a hole through the wall.[22][60][61][62]
  • In April 2006, Banksy created a sculpture based on a crumpled red phone box with a pickaxe in its side, apparently bleeding, and placed it in a street in Soho, London. It was later removed by Westminster Council. BT released a press release, which said: "This is a stunning visual comment on BT's transformation from an old-fashioned telecommunications company into a modern communications services provider."[63]
  • In June 2006, Banksy created an image of a naked man hanging out of a bedroom window on a wall visible from Park Street in central Bristol. The image sparked some controversy, with the Bristol City Council leaving it up to the public to decide whether it should stay or go.[64] After an internet discussion in which 97% (all but 6 people) supported the stencil, the city council decided it would be left on the building.[64] The mural was later defaced with paint.[64]
  • In August/September 2006, Banksy replaced up to 500 copies of Paris Hilton's debut CD, Paris, in 48 different UK record stores with his own cover art and remixes by Danger Mouse. Music tracks were given titles such as "Why am I Famous?", "What Have I Done?" and "What Am I For?". Several copies of the CD were purchased by the public before stores were able to remove them, some going on to be sold for as much as £750 on online auction websites such as eBay. The cover art depicted Paris Hilton digitally altered to appear topless. Other pictures feature her with a dog's head replacing her own, and one of her stepping out of a luxury car, edited to include a group of homeless people, which included the caption "90% of success is just showing up".[65][66][67]
  • In September 2006, Banksy dressed an inflatable doll in the manner of a Guantanamo Bay detainment camp prisoner (orange jumpsuit, black hood, and handcuffs) and then placed the figure within the Big Thunder Mountain Railroad ride at the Disneyland theme park in Anaheim, California.[68][69]

Technique

ATM attacking a girl, Rosebery Avenue, London, January 2008.

Asked about his technique, Banksy said:

I use whatever it takes. Sometimes that just means drawing a moustache on a girl's face on some billboard, sometimes that means sweating for days over an intricate drawing. Efficiency is the key.[70]

Stencils are traditionally hand drawn or printed onto sheets of acetate or card, before being cut out by hand. Because of the secretive nature of Banksy's work and identity, it is uncertain what techniques he uses to generate the images in his stencils, though it is assumed he uses computers for some images due to the photocopy nature of much of his work.

He mentions in his book, Wall and Piece, that as he was starting to do graffiti, he was always too slow and was either caught or could never finish the art in the one sitting. So he devised a series of intricate stencils to minimise time and overlapping of the colour.

Identity

Banksy's real name has been widely reported to be Robert or Robin Banks.[71][72][73] His year of birth has been given as 1974.[59]

Simon Hattenstone from Guardian Unlimited is one of the very few people to have interviewed him face-to-face. Hattenstone describes him as "a cross of Jimmy Nail and British rapper Mike Skinner" and "a 28 year old male who showed up wearing jeans and a t-shirt with a silver tooth, silver chain, and one silver earring".[74] In the same interview, Banksy revealed that his parents think their son is a painter and decorator.[74]

In May 2007, an extensive article written by Lauren Collins of the New Yorker re-opened the Banksy-identity controversy citing a 2004 photograph of the artist that was taken in Jamaica during the Two-Culture Clash project and later published in the Evening Standard in 2004.[6]

In October 2007, a story on the BBC website featured a photo allegedly taken by a passer-by in Bethnal Green, London, purporting to show Banksy at work with an assistant, scaffolding and a truck. The story confirms that Tower Hamlets Council in London has decided to treat all Banksy works as vandalism and remove them.[75]

In July 2008, it was claimed by The Mail on Sunday that Banksy's real name is Robin Gunningham.[3][76] His agent has refused to confirm or deny these reports.

In May 2009, the Mail on Sunday once again speculated about Gunningham being Banksy after a "self-portrait" of a rat holding a sign with the word "Gunningham" shot on it was photographed in East London.[77] This "new Banksy rat" story was also picked up by The Times[78] and the Evening Standard.

Banksy himself states, on his website:

I am unable to comment on who may or may not be Banksy, but anyone described as being 'good at drawing' doesn't sound like Banksy to me.[79]

Controversy

In 2004, Banksy walked into the Louvre in Paris and hung on a wall a picture he had painted resembling the Mona Lisa but with a yellow smiley face. Though the painting was hurriedly removed by the museum staff, it and its counterpart, temporarily on unknown display at the Tate Britain, were described by Banksy as "shortcuts". He is quoted as saying:

To actually [have to] go through the process of having a painting selected must be quite boring. It's a lot more fun to go and put your own one up.[80]
Banksy's "Stonehenge" from portable toilets at the Glastonbury Festival, June 2007

Peter Gibson, a spokesperson for Keep Britain Tidy, asserts that Banksy's work is simple vandalism,[81] and Diane Shakespeare, an official for the same organization, was quoted as saying: "We are concerned that Banksy's street art glorifies what is essentially vandalism".[6]

In June 2007 Banksy created a circle of plastic portable toilets, said to resemble Stonehenge at the Glastonbury Festival. As this was in the same field as the "sacred circle" it was felt by many to be inappropriate and his installation was itself vandalized before the festival even opened. However, the intention had always been for people to climb on and interact with it.[citation needed] The installation was nicknamed "Portaloo Sunset" and "Bog Henge" by Festival goers. Michael Eavis admitted he wasn't fond of it, and the portaloos were removed before the 2008 festival.

In 2010, an artistic feud developed between Banksy and his rival King Robbo after Banksy painted over a 24-year old Robbo piece on the banks of London's Regent Canal. In retaliation several Banksy pieces in London have been painted over by 'Team Robbo'.[82] [83]

Bibliography

Banksy has self-published several books that contain photographs of his work in various countries as well as some of his canvas work and exhibitions, accompanied by his own writings:

  • Banksy, Banging Your Head Against A Brick Wall (2001) ISBN 978-0-95417040-0
  • Banksy, Existencilism (2002) ISBN 978-0-95417041-7
  • Banksy, Cut it Out (2004) ISBN 978-0-95449600-5
  • Banksy, Wall and Piece (2005) ISBN 978-1-84413786-2
  • Banksy, Pictures of Walls (2005) ISBN 978-0-95519460-3

Random House published Wall and Piece in 2005. It contains a combination of images from his three previous books, as well as some new material.[16]

Two books authored by others on his work were published in 2006 & 2007:

  • Martin Bull, Banksy Locations and Tours: A Collection of Graffiti Locations and Photographs in London (2006 - with new editions in 2007 and 2008) ISBN 978-0-95547120-9.
  • Steve Wright, Banksy's Bristol: Home Sweet Home (2007) ISBN 978-1906477004

References

  1. ^ "Banksy (British), 1975 - Featured artist works, exhibitions and biography from Lazarides". www.artnet.com. http://www.artnet.com/Galleries/Artists_detail.asp?G=&gid=424327227&which=&aid=424007326&ViewArtistBy=online&rta=http://www.artnet.com. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  2. ^ a b "On the trail of artist Banksy". BBC News. 2007-02-08. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/6343197.stm. Retrieved 2007-02-08. 
  3. ^ a b Joseph, Claudia (2008-07-13). "Graffiti artist Banksy unmasked ... as a former public schoolboy from middle-class suburbia". Mail Online. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-1034538/Graffiti-artist-Banksy-unmasked---public-schoolboy-middle-class-suburbia.html. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  4. ^ "Who is Banksy?". Channel 4 News (Channel 4). 2007-04-23. http://www.channel4.com/news/articles/arts_entertainment/art/who+is+banksy/460192. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  5. ^ "Real name: Roberto Thomasio Banksion, 33 years old in 2007 (BBC)". BBC News. 2006-09-15. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/5346822.stm. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  6. ^ a b c d Collins, Lauren (2007-05-14). "Banksy Was Here: The invisible man of graffiti art". The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007/05/14/070514fa_fact_collins?currentPage=all. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  7. ^ Manco, Tristan (11 March 2002). Stencil Graffiti. London: Thames & Hudson. p. 74. ISBN 978-0500283424. 
  8. ^ "The Banksy Paradox: 7 Sides to the World's Most Infamous Street Artist, 19 July 2007
  9. ^ "Banksy's website Q&A". Banksy. http://www.banksy.co.uk/cuttings/star.html. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  10. ^ "Banksy fans fail to bite at street art auction". www.meeja.com.au. 2008-09-30. http://www.meeja.com.au/index.php?display_article_id=290. Retrieved 2008-09-30. 
  11. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/arts_and_culture/8471145.stm
  12. ^ http://www.screendaily.com/news/distribution/revolver-sets-march-5-uk-release-for-banksy-documentary/5010063.article
  13. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/5346822.stm
  14. ^ a b Wright, Steve; Richard Jones, Trevor Wyatt (28 November 2007). Banksy's Bristol: Home Sweet Home. Bath: Tangent Books. p. 32. ISBN 978-1906477004. 
  15. ^ "N-Igma fanzine showing examples of DBZ Graffiti tagged by Banksy, Kato and Tes". 1999-April. http://www.graffiti.org/dj/n-igma3/uk1.html. 
  16. ^ a b c Banksy (2005). Wall and Piece. Random House. http://www.randomhouse.co.uk/minisites/banksy/. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  17. ^ Daunton, Martin (2004-11-04). "London's 'Great Stink' and Victorian Urban Planning". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/trail/victorian_britain/social_conditions/victorian_urban_planning_01.shtml. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  18. ^ http://www.monkandcanatella.co.uk/
  19. ^ "Banksy Existencilism Book". Artofthestate.co.uk. http://www.artofthestate.co.uk/banksy/Banksy_Existencilism_book.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  20. ^ "Animals sprayed by graffiti artist". BBC News. 2003-07-18. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/arts/3077217.stm. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  21. ^ "Banksy Show Tonight in London". 2005-10-13. http://www.woostercollective.com/2005/10/banksy_show_tonight_in_london.html. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  22. ^ a b Jones, Sam (2005-08-05). "Spray can prankster tackles Israel's security barrier". The Guardian. http://arts.guardian.co.uk/news/story/0,11711,1543171,00.html. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  23. ^ "'Guerrilla artist' Banksy hits LA". BBC News. 2006-09-14. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/5344676.stm. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  24. ^ "Aguilera invests £25,000 in Banksy". The Independent. 2006-04-06. http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/this_britain/article356015.ece. Retrieved 2006-10-20. 
  25. ^ "Banksy works set auction record". BBC News. 2006-10-20. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/6069384.stm. Retrieved 2006-10-20. 
  26. ^ "YOUR WORLD TODAY (Transcript)". CNN. 2006-12-04. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0612/04/ywt.01.html.  "Banksy Effect" mentioned near end.
  27. ^ "British graffiti artist joins elite in record sale". Reuters. 2007-02-07. http://www.reuters.com/article/entertainmentNews/idUSL0710535520070207. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  28. ^ Roberts, Geneviève (2007-01-19). "Sotheby's makes a killing from Banksy's guerrilla artworks". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/this-britain/sothebys-makes-a-killing-from-banksys-guerrilla-artworks-432756.html. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  29. ^ "Free house as part of mural sale". BBC News. 2007-02-12. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/bristol/6351467.stm. Retrieved 2007-02-12. 
  30. ^ "Iconic Banksy image painted over". BBC News. 2007-04-20. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6575345.stm. Retrieved 2007-04-20. 
  31. ^ Addley, Esther (2007-01-26). "Blood on the tracks". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2007/jan/20/ukcrime.prisonsandprobation. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  32. ^ "Reuters UK: Elusive artist Banksy sets record price". Uk.reuters.com. 2007-04-25. http://uk.reuters.com/article/entertainmentNews/idUKL2531915420070425. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  33. ^ "Banksy Statue Stolen". Stranger. http://www.stranger-mag.com/news/ear-to-the-ground/banksy-statue-stolen.html. Retrieved 2007-06-04. 
  34. ^ Hattenstone, Simon (2004-04-02). "But is it kidnap?". The Guardian. http://arts.guardian.co.uk/features/story/0,,1184233,00.html. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  35. ^ "Guerilla Artist, Sky News, 24 October 2007". http://news.sky.com/skynews/picture_gallery/0,,30100-1289548,00.html. 
  36. ^ "Camp". Archived from the original on 2005-01-19. http://web.archive.org/web/20050119032828/http://www.banksy.co.uk/manifesto/index.html. 
  37. ^ "Manifesto". http://www.banksy.co.uk/manifesto/. 
  38. ^ "Banksy Pans His First New York Show". ARTINFO. Louise Blouin Media. 2007-12-07. http://www.artinfo.com/news/story/26312/banksy-pans-his-first-new-york-show/. Retrieved 2008-04-16. 
  39. ^ "Banksy must have an Oyster card. He's gone west!". http://thelondonpaper.typepad.com/thelondonblog/2008/03/banksy-must-hav.html. 
  40. ^ "Tunnel becomes Banksy art exhibit". BBC News. 2 May 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/7377622.stm. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  41. ^ "Banksy Paints Murals In New Orleans To Mark Hurricane Katrina Anniversary; Gallery 'Banksy Art In Big Easy'". Sky News. 2008-08-28. http://news.sky.com/skynews/Home/World-News/Banksy-Paints-Murals-In-New-Orleans-To-Mark-Hurricane-Katrina-Anniversary/Media-Gallery/200808415088995?lpos=World+News_0&lid=GALLERY_15088995_Banksy+Paints+Murals+In+New+Orleans+To+Mark+Hurricane+Katrina+Anniversary. 
  42. ^ Famed artist may have left local mark, Jeremy Gray, Birmingham News
  43. ^ Ryzik, Melena (2008-10-09). "Where Fish Sticks Swim Free and Chicken Nuggets Self-Dip". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/09/arts/design/09publ.html. 
  44. ^ a b "Banksy art is graffiti, rules town hall". Sydney Morning Herald. 24 October 2008. http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/banksy-art-is-graffiti-rules-council/2008/10/24/1224351528852.html. 
  45. ^ "The painter painted: Melbourne loses its treasured Banksy". The Age. 14 December 2008. http://www.theage.com.au/national/the-painter-painted-melbourne-loses-its-treasured-banksy-20081213-6xzy.html. 
  46. ^ "What is Pest Control?". www.pestcontroloffice.com. http://www.pestcontroloffice.com/whatispco.html. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  47. ^ Cafe, Rebecca (12 June 2009). "Banksy's homecoming reviewed". BBC Bristol (BBC). http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/bristol/hi/people_and_places/arts_and_culture/newsid_8097000/8097022.stm. Retrieved 2009-06-14. 
  48. ^ Sawyer, Miranda (13 June 2009). "Take a stuffy old institution. Remix. Add wit. It's Banksy v the museum". The Guardian (Guardian News and Media). http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2009/jun/13/banksy-bristol-city-museum. Retrieved 2009-06-13. 
  49. ^ "Thousands flock to Banksy show in Bristol". Bristol Evening Post. Bristol News and Media. 15 June 2009. http://www.thisisbristol.co.uk/homepage/Thousands-flock-Banksy-Bristol/article-1075613-detail/article.html. Retrieved 2009-06-15. 
  50. ^ "Banksy art show draws in 300,000". BBC Bristol (BBC). 31 August 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/bristol/hi/people_and_places/arts_and_culture/newsid_8097000/8097022.stm. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  51. ^ "Blur Banksy is ruined by mistake". BBC News. 5 September 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/8238896.stm. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  52. ^ Banksy art tackles global warming. BBC News. 21 December 2009.
  53. ^ Means, Sean P. (21 January 2010). "Famous 'tagger' Banksy strikes in Utah". The Salt Lake Tribune. http://www.sltrib.com/News/ci_14232591. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  54. ^ "Liverpool Banksy rat pub building sold for £114,000 at auction". liverpooldailypost. http://www.liverpooldailypost.co.uk/liverpool-news/regional-news/2010/02/18/liverpool-banksy-rat-pub-building-sold-for-114-000-at-auction-100252-25864205/. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  55. ^ http://www.liverpooldailypost.co.uk/liverpool-news/regional-news/2010/02/18/liverpool-banksy-rat-pub-building-sold-for-114-000-at-auction-100252-25864205/
  56. ^ For the Gauguin of graffiti it was all about tagging. Now he's into six-figure price tags. The Telegraph
  57. ^ Kennedy, Randy (2005-03-24). "Need Talent to Exhibit in Museums? Not This Prankster". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/03/24/arts/design/24arti.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  58. ^ "A Wooster Exclusive: Banksy Hits New York's Most Famous Museums (All of them)". 2005-03-23. http://www.woostercollective.com/2005/03/a_wooster_exclusive_banksy_hit.html. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  59. ^ a b Howe, Jeff. "Art Attack". Wired (13.08). http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/13.08/bansky.html. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  60. ^ "Art prankster sprays Israeli wall". BBC News. 2005-08-05. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/4748063.stm. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  61. ^ Parry, Nigel (2006-10-10). "British Graffiti Artist, Banksy, Hacks the Wall". Nigel Parry, from MIT Thresholds journal. http://nigelparry.com/writing/banksy-mit-threshholds.shtml. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  62. ^ Parry, Nigel (2005-09-02). "Well-known UK graffiti artist Banksy hacks the Wall". Electronic Intifada. http://electronicIntifada.net/v2/article4153.shtml. Retrieved 2009-02-12. 
  63. ^ "Artist's cold call cuts off phone". BBC News. 2006-04-07. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/4887660.stm. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  64. ^ a b c "Artist's saucy stencil for city". BBC News. 2006-06-21. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/bristol/somerset/5103306.stm. Retrieved 2005-09-19. 
  65. ^ "Paris Hilton targeted in CD prank". BBC News. 2006-09-04. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/5310416.stm. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  66. ^ Truscott, Claire; Hodgson, Martin (2006-09-03). "Banksy targets Paris Hilton". The Independent on Sunday. http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/this_britain/article1325440.ece. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  67. ^ "Paris Prank Confirmed". 2006-09-07. http://www.netmusiccountdown.com/inc/news_article.php?id=10995. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  68. ^ "BREAKING: The story Disneyland doesn't want you to know". 2006-09-08. http://www.woostercollective.com/2006/09/breaking_the_story_disneyland_doesn't_wan.html. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  69. ^ "Artist Banksy targets Disneyland". BBC News. 2006-09-11. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/5335400.stm. Retrieved 2006-09-19. 
  70. ^ "Design is Kinky". Design is Kinky. http://www.designiskinky.net/profiles/banksy.html. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  71. ^ "Real name: Robert Banks, 32 years old in 2006 (BBC)". BBC News. 2006-09-15. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/5346822.stm. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  72. ^ Cripps, Charlotte (2003-12-01). "Graffiti with bells on - This Britain, UK". The Independent. http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/this_britain/article80725.ece. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  73. ^ Foster, Patrick (2007-10-31). "Banksy, the celebrated graffiti artist, is caught in the act for first time". London: Times Online. http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/visual_arts/article2774359.ece. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  74. ^ a b Hattenstone, Simon (2003-07-17). "Something to spray". The Guardian. http://arts.guardian.co.uk/features/story/0,,999712,00.html. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  75. ^ BBC News Website - Artist Banksy 'captured in photo' BBC News 30 October 2007
  76. ^ "Paper 'reveals Banksy's identity'". BBC News. 2008-07-13. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7504132.stm. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  77. ^ "Banksy revealed? Graffiti artist paints first ever 'self-portrait' on London office block". Daily Mail. 2009-05-11. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1180361/Banksy-revealed-Graffiti-artist-paints-self-portrait-London-office-block.html. 
  78. ^ "Artist Banksy creates 'self-portrait' on East London office block". Times Online. 2009-05-11. http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/visual_arts/article6262163.ece. 
  79. ^ "Banksy's own website". Banksy. http://www.banksy.co.uk/menu.html. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  80. ^ Ganz, Nicholas (26 October 2004). Graffiti World: Street Art from Five Continents. Harry N. Abrams. p. 139. ISBN 978-0810949799. 
  81. ^ "Banksy biography". Brian Sewell Art Directory (briansewell.com). 2005-08-04. http://www.briansewell.com/artist/b-artist/banksy/banksy-biography.html. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  82. ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1239142/Banksy-graffiti-war-fellow-street-artist-painting-24-year-old-mural.html
  83. ^ http://www.babelgum.com/4023670/banksy-robbo-its-war.html

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Banksy is a prolific graffiti artist from Bristol, UK, whose artwork has appeared throughout Bristol, London and other locations around the world.

Quotes

  • Art is not like other culture because its success is not made by its audience. The public fill concert halls and cinemas every day, we read novels by the millions, and buy records by the billions. We the people, affect the making and quality of most of our culture, but not our art.
  • The Art we look at is made by only a select few. A small group create, promote, purchase, exhibit and decide the success of Art. Only a few hundred people in the world have any real say. When you go to an Art gallery you are simply a tourist looking at the trophy cabinet of a few millionaires...
      • "Wall and Piece"
  • I'd been painting rats for three years before someone said "that's a clever anagram of art" and I had to pretend I'd known that all along.
      • "Wall and Piece"
  • People who enjoy waving flags don't deserve to have one.
    • "Wall and Piece"
  • Become good at cheating and you never need to become good at anything else.
    • "Wall and Piece" pg. 141
  • 'I got home at last and crawled into bed next to my girlfriend. I told her I'd had an epiphany that night [about using stencils] and she told me to stop taking that drug 'cos it's bad for your heart.'
    • "Wall and Piece"
  • T.V. has made going to the theatre seem pointless, photography has pretty much killed painting but graffiti has remained gloriously unspoilt by progress.
    • "Wall and Piece" pg. 153
  • People say graffiti is ugly, irresponsible and childish. But that's only if it's done properly.
  • You know what hip-hop has done with the word 'nigger' - I'm trying to do that with the word vandalism, bring it back.
  • The Holy Grail is to spend less time making the picture than it takes people to look at it.
  • I wouldn't sell shit to Charles Saatchi. If I sell 55,000 books and however many screen prints, I don't need one man to tell me I'm an artist. It's hugely different if people buy it, rather than one fucking Tory punter does. No, I'd never sell anything to him.
  • If you don't own a train company then you go and paint on one instead. It all comes from that thing at school when you had to have name tags in the back of something.. that makes it belong to you. You can own half the city by scribbling your name over it.
  • I like to think I have the guts to stand up anonymously in a western democracy and call for things no-one else believes in - like peace and justice and freedom.
  • A lot of people never use their initiative because nobody told them to
  • Remember crime against property is not real crime. People look at an oil painting and admire the use of brushstrokes to convey meaning. People look at a graffiti painting and admire the use of a drainpipe to gain access.
  • I have no interest in ever coming out. I figure there are enough self-opinionated assholes trying to get their ugly little faces in front of you as it is. You ask a lot of kids today what they want to be when they grow up, and they say, "I want to be famous." You ask them for what reason and they don't know or care. I think Andy Warhol got it wrong: in the future, so many people are going to become famous that one day everybody will end up being anonymous for 15 minutes. I'm just trying to make the pictures look good; I'm not into trying to make myself look good. I'm not into fashion. The pictures generally look better than I do when we're out on the street together. Plus, I obviously have issues with the cops. And besides, it's a pretty safe bet that the reality of me would be a crushing disappointment to a couple of 15-year-old kids out there.
  • Is graffiti art or vandalism? That word has a lot of negative connotations and it alienates people, so no, I don't like to use the word 'art' at all.
  • The time of getting fame for your name on its own is over. Artwork that is only about wanting to be famous will never make you famous. Any fame is a by-product of making something that means something. You don't go to a restaurant and order a meal because you want to have a shit.
  • Writing graffiti is about the most honest way you can be an artist. It takes no money to do it, you don't need an education to understand it and there's no admission fee.
    • (Tristan Manco. Stencil Graffiti)
  • When explaining yourself to the Police it's worth being as reasonable as possible. Graffiti writers are not real villains. I am always reminded of this by real villains who consider the idea of breaking in someplace, not stealing anything and then leaving behind a painting of your name in four foot high letters the most retarded thing they ever heard of.
  • People are taking the piss out of you everyday. They butt into your life, take a cheap shot at you and then disappear. They leer at you from tall buildings and make you feel small. They make flippant comments from buses that imply you're not sexy enough and that all the fun is happening somewhere else. They are on TV making your girlfriend feel inadequate. They have access to the most sophisticated technology the world has ever seen and they bully you with it. They are The Advertisers and they are laughing at you.

You, however, are forbidden to touch them. Trademarks, intellectual property rights and copyright law mean advertisers can say what they like wherever they like with total impunity.

Fuck that. Any advert in a public space that gives you no choice whether you see it or not is yours. It's yours to take, re-arrange and re-use. You can do whatever you like with it. Asking for permission is like asking to keep a rock someone just threw at your head.

You owe the companies nothing. Less than nothing, you especially don't owe them any courtesy. They owe you. They have re-arranged the world to put themselves in front of you. They never asked for your permission, don't even start asking for theirs.

    • taken from 'Brandalism' in the book 'Cut It Out'
  • A lot of people think that scuttling around stencilling images onto buildings in the middle of the night is the action of a sad, frustrated individual who can't get attention or recognition any other way. They might be right, but I've done gallery shows and, if you've been hitting on people with all sorts of images in all sorts of places, they're a real step backwards, painting the streets means becoming an actual part of the city. It's not a spectator sport.
    • Tristan Manco. Stencil Graffiti
  • The thing I hate the most about advertising is that it attracts all the bright, creative and ambitious young people, leaving us mainly with the slow and self-obsessed to become our artists.. Modern art is a disaster area. Never in the field of human history has so much been used by so many to say so little.
    • taken from ADbusters magazine
  • Some people want to make the world a better place. I just wanna make the world a better-looking place. If you don't like it, you can paint over it!
  • Bus stops are far more interesting and useful places to have art than in museums. Graffiti has more chance of meaning something or changing stuff than anything indoors. Graffiti has been used to start revolutions, stop wars, and generally is the voice of people who aren't listened to. Graffiti is one of those few tools you have if you have almost nothing. And even if you don't come up with a picture to cure world poverty you can make somebody smile while they're having a piss.
    • Banging Your Head Against a Brick Wall
  • Only when the last tree has been cut down and the last river has dried up will man realize that reciting red indian proverbs makes you sound like a fucking muppet.
    • Banging Your Head Against a Brick Wall
  • People who get up early in the morning cause war, death and famine.
    • Banging Your Head Against a Brick Wall
    • Also, "Wall and Piece" pg. 178
  • "There's no way you're going to get a quote from us to use on your book cover" - Metropolitan Police Spokesperson
    • Wall and Piece back cover.
  • Here's a mystery for you. Renegade urban graffiti artist Banksky clearly a guffhead of massive proportions, yet he's often feted as a genius straddling the bleeding edge of now. Why? Because his work looks dazzlingly clever to idiots. And apparently that'll do.
    • Charlie Brooker on Banksy in The Guardian, 22nd September 2006
  • The artist Paul Klee said "drawing is like taking a line for a walk", but for me it's always been more like drowning a photocopier in a canal.
  • I never use sketchbooks in the way you imagine a "real" artist does - perched in a terrace cafe with a pencil capturing the essence of their muse. I tried that once when I was on holiday with a girl, but her nose came out so big in the drawing that she never let me touch her again.
  • I pretty much use sketchbooks to note down great ideas of somebody else's I've just had. A good sketchbook means you don't actually need to bother with having a memory yourself. You can get away with a fair bit of substance abuse if you always carry a notepad and a sharp pencil around with you.
    • All from "Street Sketchbook" by Tristan Manco
  • The craft is finding a decent drainpipe to get access to the site as much as it is in the art...Van Gogh used short, stumpy brush strokes to convey his insanity - I use short, thin ledges above mainline train tracks.
    • Evening Post 2004 (taken from "Home Sweet Home - Banksy's Bristol" by Steve Wright)
  • You could stick all my shit in Tate Modern and have an opening with Tony Blair and Kate Moss on roller blades handing out vol-au-vents and it wouldn't be as exciting as it is when you go out and paint something big where you shouldn't do.
    • The Guardian 2003 (taken from "Home Sweet Home - Banksy's Bristol" by Steve Wright)
  • [I first picked up a spraycan] the day someone ram-raided the Halford's round the corner from our house.
    • Venue magazine (taken from "Home Sweet Home - Banksy's Bristol" by Steve Wright)

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Simple English

Banksy is a British street and graffiti artist. He likes to remain anonymous and not let people know his true identity. He often draws in high visibility public places such as on buildings or train stations. His paintings often are about politics, war and other important topics.

Banksy Art

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message