Baotou: Wikis

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Baotou
Bugutu.svg
包头
—  Prefecture-level city  —
Deer Monument in Baotou
Location of Baotou's jurisdiction area within Inner Mongolia
Country China
Region Inner Mongolia
County-level divisions
Township divisions
Area
 - Prefecture-level city 27,768 km2 (10,721.3 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 - Prefecture-level city 2,460,000
 - Density 88.6/km2 (229.5/sq mi)
 - Urban 1,317,680
 - Metro 1,750,000
 - Major nationalities Han, Mongolian
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 014000
Area code(s) 472
License plate prefixes 蒙B
Website http://www.baotou.gov.cn/

Baotou (simplified Chinese: 包头traditional Chinese: 包頭pinyin: Bāotóu, Mongolian: Bugutu.svg Buɣutu) is a prefecture-level city and the largest city in Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. The city's Mongolian name means "place with deer", and an alternate name in Chinese is "Deer City" (Chinese: 鹿城pinyin: Lùchéng).

Contents

Administrative divisions

Baotou is divided into 10 county-level divisions,including 7 districts,1 county and 2 banners.

History

The area now known as Baotou was inhabited since ancient times by nomads, most notably the Mongols. Near the end of the Han Dynasty, Lü Bu, who would grow up to become China's mightest and least trustworthy warrior, was born here. Compared to the capital, Hohhot, Baotou's construction as a city came relatively late, being incorporated as a town in 1809. The city's site was chosen because it was in an arable region of the Yellow River's Great Bend.

A railway from Beijing was constructed in 1931, and the city began spurring some industrial sites. A German-Chinese joint-venture in 1934 constructed the Baotou Airport and opened a weekly route connecting Baotou with Ningxia and Lanzhou.

When young Owen Lattimore visited Baotou in 1925, it was still "a little husk of a town in a great hollow shell of mud ramparts, where two busy streets made a traders' quarter", but already already an important railhead. Qinghai and Gansu wool and hides were brought down the Huanghe by raft and boat from Lanzhou to Baotou, and shipped from Baotou by rail to the east (in particular, to Tianjin for export). The river traffic was one-way only, however, as the fast current made sailing up the Huanghe impractical. To travel from Baotou back to Lanzhou or Yinchuan, one would use a cart and camel road. There were also caravan roads from Baotou to Ordos and Alashan.[1]

On September 19, 1949, after the September 19 Rebellion, Baotou fell under Communist control. The People's Government was formed in February 1950. In the early Communist years Baotou served as an industrial centre, with a significant portion of its economy coming from its steel production, and it continues this reputation until this day.

Economy

Industrial zones:

  • Baotou Xingsheng Economic & Technological Development Zone

Transportation

References

  1. ^ Owen Lattimore, The Desert to Turkestan, 1928. Pages 7-8.

External links

Coordinates: 40°39′03″N 109°50′31″E / 40.65083°N 109.84194°E / 40.65083; 109.84194

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Baotou [1] (包头; Bāotóu) is a city located on the Yellow River (Huáng Hé) in Inner Mongolia. The metropolitan area has a population of over two million.

Understand

The largest city in Inner Mongolia, Baotou used to be an arid region inhabited by Mongolian herders and their sheep. The town that has since grown up has four main parts

  • Donghe - the old part of town and lies to the east
  • Qingshan - part of the new city with a small and depressing walking street
  • Jiuyuan -
  • Kunqu (Kandulun) - major part of the new city and is the main shopping and entertainment area with all the western restaurants near Baobaidalou (a large walking street and shopping area)

The new city is bisected by Gangtie Street, a large road that goes from the east in Qingshan to the west in Kunqu.

Get in

By plane

Baotou Airport (IATA: BAV) has flights from Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Wuhan, Xi'an and Yulin.

  • Beijing - takes about 10 hours, night train, around ¥150

By bus

Buses to Baotou (Donghe) include

  • Beijing - takes about 10 hours
  • Dongsheng - takes about 3 hours
  • Hohhot - takes about 3 hours
  • Wudangzhao Lamasery (五当召; Wǔdāngzhào), (70km northeast of Baotou, buses from the East Bus Station will take you there in four hours). Largest and best preserved Tibetian lamasery in Inner Mongolia. ¥20.  edit
  • Resonant Sand Bay, (50km north of Baotou). Sand dune that emits sounds when someone rides down the side or the wind blows across.  edit
  • Guyang County Section of the Great Wall, (50km northeast of Baotou in Guyang County (固阳县; Gù​yáng​xiàn​)).  edit
  • Shiguai District Section of the Great Wall, (30km east of Baotou in Shiguai District (石拐区; Shí​guǎi​qū​)). Claimed to be the oldest remaining part of the Great Wall.  edit

Eat

Try Mongolian hot pot with mutton, especially in the winter. Any mutton dish is worth trying as they raise sheep up in the mountains.

  • Little Sheep Restaurant (小肥羊大厦; Xiǎoféiyángshà), 9 Wulandao, Kun District (昆区乌兰道9号; Kūnqū​​ Wū​lán​dào​) (Near Baotou Hotel), +86 472 5137998 (fax: +86 472 5115998), [2]. This is the headquarter restaurant of this world wide hot pot chain.  edit
  • Baotou Golden Snail Hotel (包头金蜗牛酒店; Bāotóu Jīnwōniú Jiǔdiàn​​), D1 Buxing Street, Jiuyuan District (九原区步行街D1; Jiǔyuánqū Bù​xíng​jiē​). Small rooms with free internet. No breakfast available. Listed rates for doubles from ¥159, discounted from ¥95.  edit
  • Hengwei Holiday (Qingshan Branch) (包头恒为假日酒店 (青山分店); Bāotóu Héngwéijià Jiǔdiàn (Qīngshān Fēndiàn)​​), 8 Gangtie Avenue, Qingshan District (青山区钢铁大街8号; Qīng​shān​qū Gāng​tiě​dà​jiē​​), +86 472 2885588. Rooms with free internet. Restaurant and cafe available. Listed rates for doubles from ¥168, discounted from ¥113, including breakfast.  edit
  • Qingshan Hotel Baotou, 1 Yingbin Rd., Qingshan District, +86 472 3331199 (fax: +86 472 5156001).  edit
  • Tianwaitian Hotel Baotou, 50 Hudemulin Avenue, Qingshan District, +86 472 3137766 (fax: +86 472 3131771).  edit
  • Shangri-La Hotel Baotou (包头香格里拉大酒店; Bāotóu Xiāngjiǔdiàn), 66 Minzu East Road, Qingshan District (青山区民族东路66号; Qīng​shān​qū Mín​zú​dōng​lù​​), +86 472 5998888 (, fax: +86 472 5998999), [3]. Large rooms with free internet, satellite tv, minibar, coffee equipment, safe, bathrobes and hair dryer. Business center, currency exchange, ticket office, night club and indoor swimming pool available. Chinese and Western restaurants as well as room service. Listed rates ¥1,688-2,286, breakfast ¥101 but included for more expensive rooms.  edit
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Wikipedia

Noun

Singular
Baotou

Plural
-

Baotou

  1. A prefecture-level city in northern China, the largest city in Inner Mongolia.

Translations


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