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.Baptists are a group of Christian denominations, churches, and individuals who subscribe to a theology of believer's baptism (as opposed to infant baptism), salvation through faith alone, Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, and the autonomy of the local church.^ The Apostles also practiced infant Baptism.
  • Protestant Misunderstanding of Catholics 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is the only rule of faith and practice.
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A historian describes the Baptists as "a denomination of Christians characterised by the maintenance of the notion that immersion is the only authorised and scriptural mode of baptism, and that baptism can only be lawfully administered to those who make a personal profession of their faith, and thus, that infant baptism is contrary to the Word of God."
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.They are generally characterized by the practice of immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling) and a disavowal of authoritative creeds.^ This reference to sprinkling sounds like they have a regular liturgical practice of some sort involving sprinkling along the lines of the sprinkling of the blood as specified in the Old Testament rites.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They receive the three general creeds of the church, the Apostle's, the Nicene, and the Athanasian, or as these are summed up in the creed of Pius V. .
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Advanced Information This term, or "Lutheranism," is employed to refer to the doctrine and practices authoritative in the Lutheran Churches and as a broad term for those churches throughout the world in general.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Baptist churches are regarded as falling within the family of Protestantism, and some churches or individuals further identify with evangelicalism or fundamentalism.^ In regard to theological scholarship the leaders of the church are now in full sympathy with free and fearless inquiry, and scholarship has been amply proved to go along with hearty evangelical zeal.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact the specific churches Van Biema mentions are few and hardly representative of mainstream Protestantism, let alone evangelicalism.

^ Even after the fall of Gustavus Adolphus the Swedish warriors continued for some time to win victories, and still farther to extend the territorial area of Protestantism.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

.Diverse from their beginning, those identifying as Baptists today differ widely from one another in what they believe, how they worship, their attitudes toward other Christians, and their understanding of what is important in Christian discipleship.^ And so in those days it was a common marketing practice for traders that went to the Far East and they came back with spices, precious stones, jewels, and other precious things.
  • The Present Protestant Dilemma - Sermon Notes 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.stepstolife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Through such cooperation, all believers in Christ are able to learn easily how they can understand each other better and esteem each other more, and how the road to the unity of Christians may be made smooth.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But having a difference with the beliefs of another person doesn't make us intolerant toward that person?
  • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: Dr. Bob Jones III Discusses the Controversy Swirling Around Bob Jones University - March 3, 2000 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[1]
.Baptists number over 110 million worldwide in more than 220,000 congregations and are considered the largest world communion of Protestants.^ Great Britain probably comes next with 38,000,000 Protestants (total population 42,500,000) and Germany third with somewhat more than 35,000,000 (total population 56,000,000).
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result of the missionary movement of the 18th and 19th centuries, Lutheranism has become a worldwide communion of Christians and the largest Protestant denomination in the world, with about 80 million members.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ More than 2,000 parish ministers refused obedience to the Act and, on August 24th (St.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[2] 2009 marked the 400th anniversary of the first Baptist congregation.[3]

Contents

Etymology

.The term Baptist comes from the Greek word βαπτιστής (baptistés, "baptist," also used to describe John the Baptist), which is related to the verb βαπτίζω (baptízo, "to baptize, wash, dip, immerse"), and the Latin baptista.^ The very words used to designate the attitude taken at the beginning of the struggle change their meanings before the struggle has come to an end.

^ Ken sez that these instances "cannot" mean something other than siblings, either, because Paul and John could have used other words.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: Replies to Protestants' Alleged Biblical Disproofs of the Perpetual Virginity of Mary (vs. Ken Temple) 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How far this refined distinction, based upon latinized Greek words, is understood by the ordinary worshipper, would be an interesting question.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.The term Baptist as applied to Baptist churches is a modification of the term Anabaptist (which means rebaptizer),[4] and was used into the 19th century as a general epithet for churches which denied the validity of infant baptism, including the Campbellites, Mennonites and Brethren, who are not identified with modern day Baptists.^ On the continent the Anabaptists, Mennonites, and Brethren; in England the Separatists, including Quakers, Baptists and Congregationalists---professed the Free Church principle of dissociating from the doctrines, polity and discipline of the dominant Protestant body in their respective territory.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ KING: But they believe that Christ came back into the Americas in the 19th century.
  • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: Dr. Bob Jones III Discusses the Controversy Swirling Around Bob Jones University - March 3, 2000 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But in 1833 those who took the extreme position of dissent withdrew, forming what is known as the Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church (see above, VIII., 4 ), as distinct from the General Synod.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[5] .The English Anabaptists were called Baptists as early as 1569.[6] The name Anabaptist continued to be applied to English and American Baptists, even after the American Revolution.^ No, but to a visible institution later called the church (and called the Catholic Church very early, by 108 A.D. ) How could this verse be applied today?
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Historians who write in English on either side of the Atlantic talk of so-and-so (even in the early part of the sixteenth century) as a "Protestant" and so-and- so-other as a "Catholic."

[7]

Origins

.Baptist Historian Bruce Gourley outlines four main views of Baptist origins, including the modern scholarly consensus that the denomination traces its origin to the 17th century via the English Separatists, as well as the view that it was an outgrowth of Anabaptist traditions, the perpetuity view which assumes that the Baptist faith and practice has existed since the time of Christ, and the successionist view which argues that Baptist churches actually existed in an unbroken chain since the time of Christ.^ This church traces its origin to the Covenanters (q.v.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The early church did not have the modern view of original sin.
  • Development of Doctrine - North Forest 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On the continent the Anabaptists, Mennonites, and Brethren; in England the Separatists, including Quakers, Baptists and Congregationalists---professed the Free Church principle of dissociating from the doctrines, polity and discipline of the dominant Protestant body in their respective territory.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

[8]

Outgrowth of English Separatism

.The predominant view of Baptist origins is that Baptists came along in historical development in the century after the rise of the original Protestant denominations.^ Side by side with this development went the political struggle between nations originally of Catholic culture and the regions of the new Protestant culture.

^ A Historical Development of the Relationship between the South and the North Korean Protestant Churches: From 1945 to the Beginning 21st century.” Chongshin Theological Journal 13:1 (February 2008): 168-187.
  • Korean History Bibliography: Religion and Philosophy - Christianity 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.hawaii.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The view of suffering by the Word-Faith teaching represents the basic view of many Protestant denominations regarding suffering (although in an extreme form).
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

[9] .It was a time of considerable political and religious turmoil.^ The Formula of Concord (1577), prepared by theologians to resolve disputes among Lutherans, was signed by political leaders to ensure Lutheran unity at a time when renewed religious warfare threatened.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Both individuals and churches were willing to give up their theological roots if they became convinced that a more biblical "truth" had been discovered.^ Shall they give up the trial?
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ But it's hard, since right wingers have both attacked the liberal church and caused those on the left to attack the liberal church, by giving religion such a bad name.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ It laid the ax at the root of liberty, both in Church and State.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

[10]
.This perspective on Baptist history holds that the Baptist faith originated from within the Separatist movement.^ Their influence on the English Separatists (Baptists, Congregationalists, and Quakers) places them in lineal relationship to the Free Church movement in Anglo-Saxon countries.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

.Prior to the Reformation, the Church of England (Anglicans) had broken away from the Catholic Church.^ The new Associate Reformed Church had considerable strength and was scattered over a territory embracing Pennsylvania, New York, New England, and Ohio.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From the perspective of the historical Catholic church, the Protestant Reformation was a schismatic and unbiblical movement (and continues to be so even today).
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The complete extirpation of the Catholic Church, and in fact of everything that stood in their way, was regarded by the reformers as something entirely natural."
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

.Then came the mainstream Protestant Reformation.^ Some of the Protestants who came from Europe belonged to the Reformed Church, and these persuaded Messrs.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[8] .There were some Christians who were not content with the achievements of the mainstream Protestant Reformation.^ Janssen tells us the views of some leading "reformers" on this score: "Luther was content with the expulsion of the Catholics.
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How protestant theology became necessary after Henry’s reforms to reassure the people who would otherwise feel bereft.

^ There are discrepancies between the Biblical passages regarding marriage and the belief and practice of some Protestants.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

[1][11] .There also were Christians who were disappointed that the Church of England had not made corrections of what some considered to be errors and abuses.^ There were crying abuses; and, whereas the Albigenses, a purely destructive movement, deserve little of our sympathy, the poor Waldenses could at least claim that they had reason for the disaffection which made them antagonists of the Church.
  • Insight Scoop | The Ignatius Press Blog: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC insightscoop.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lutheranism is generally friendly to the Ecumenical Movement, and with some exceptions, Lutheran churches have participated in worldwide gatherings of Christians across confessional and denominational boundaries.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first and only time the Church of England has made war on the Crown, was when the Crown had declared its intention of tolerating .
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

.Of those most critical of the Church's direction, some chose to stay and try to make constructive changes from within the Anglican Church.^ One of the largest and most influential churches within the Presbyterian Church USA (one that is center-left in theology, by the way) seems to be moving in the direction of exalting Mary.

^ Most people would not think of meting out some of the punishments described in those pages.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ They were glad to construct a form of Bishops to please the King and Church, and make the milk come without disturbances.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

They became known as "Puritans" and are described by Gourley as cousins of the Separatists. .Others decided they must leave the Church because of their dissatisfaction and became known as the Separatists.^ The other ceremonies of the Roman Church are rejected from the catalogue of sacraments on the grounds either that they .
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ They must not think to escape by abiding within their own seas and shutting themselves out from others.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ William H. Carey was a 22-year-old man studying for the ministry in a United Pentecostal church in Schenectady, NY. In the fall of 1979, he was forced to leave the church when it became known that he was homosexual.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]
.This Separatist view of the origin of Baptists traces the earliest Baptist church back to 1609 in Amsterdam, with John Smyth as its pastor.^ This church traces its origin to the Covenanters (q.v.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The earliest American Presbyterian churches were established in New England, Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia, and were in large part of English origin, their pastors being Church-of-England ministers holding Presbyterian views.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The earliest Lutherans in America can be traced back to the seventeenth century.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[8] Even prior to that, in 1606, John Smyth, a Fellow of Christ’s College, Cambridge, had broken his ties with the Church of England. .Reared in the Church of England, he became "Puritan, Separatist, and then a Baptist Separatist," and ended his days working with the Mennonites.^ On the continent the Anabaptists, Mennonites, and Brethren; in England the Separatists, including Quakers, Baptists and Congregationalists---professed the Free Church principle of dissociating from the doctrines, polity and discipline of the dominant Protestant body in their respective territory.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was a foregone conclusion that no union should be formed; but that, on the contrary, the Puritan element should once for all be purged out of the Church of England.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Every attempt to give this work to the public in England, says Alexander Robertson, in "The Roman Catholic Church in Italy," has been followed by prosecution.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

[10]:p.23 He began meeting in England with 60-70 English Separatists, in the face of "great danger."[12] The persecution of religious nonconformists in England led Smyth to go into exile in Amsterdam with fellow Separatists from the congregation he had gathered in Lincolnshire, separate from the established church (Anglican). .Smyth and his lay supporter, Thomas Helwys, together with those they led, broke with the other English exiles because Smyth and Helways were convinced they should be baptized as believers.^ Together, they are rearing terrific children and supporting each other in ministry.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: Replies to Protestants' Alleged Biblical Disproofs of the Perpetual Virginity of Mary (vs. Ken Temple) 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In answer to the second question, he pleaded eloquently in support of what he had written, and when challenged for a direct answer, he said: "I cannot submit my faith either to the Pope or the Councils, because it is as clear as the day that they have frequently erred and contradicted each other.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Witness when asked -- Fundamental Evangelicals emphasize that believers are to be constantly witnessing their faith and they use this passage to support this.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

In 1609 Smyth first baptized himself and then baptized the others.[11][13] .In 1609, while still there, Smyth wrote a tract titled "The Character of the Beast," or "The False Constitution of the Church."^ The entrance of the Word gives light, and the light is of so revealing a character that the false claims of the Church are exposed, and her assumed authority is shown in all its naked presumption.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.In it he expressed two propositions: first, infants are not to be baptized; and second, "Antichristians converted are to be admitted into the true Church by baptism."^ By 1948 the two movements had sufficiently matured to fuse at Amsterdam into the World Council of Churches, which has since met regularly in formal assemblies.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This cause had also much to do with the division of the church into the two great parties of Moderates and Evangelicals.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then I contend, that when he said, 'I am the door,' he was literally transubstantiated into a door; and when he said, 'I am the bread which came down from heaven,' he was converted into bread; and when he said, 'I am the true vine,' he was literally changed into a real vine.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

[10]:p.24 .Hence, his conviction was that a scriptural church should consist only of regenerate believers who have been baptized on a personal confession of faith.^ A historian describes the Baptists as "a denomination of Christians characterised by the maintenance of the notion that immersion is the only authorised and scriptural mode of baptism, and that baptism can only be lawfully administered to those who make a personal profession of their faith, and thus, that infant baptism is contrary to the Word of God."
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a desire that laymen, who have to pay the cost, should have more to say in church councils.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Certainly the church has never taught that you can be baptized to affect the salvation of someone who has died.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

He rejected the Separatist movement's doctrine of paedobaptism.[14][15] .Shortly thereafter, Smyth left the group, and layman Thomas Helwys took over the leadership, leading the church back to England in 1611.[8] Ultimately, Smyth became committed to believers' baptism as the only biblical baptism.^ We believe Protestants are indeed "in Christ" by virtue (most specifically) of baptism, and in imperfect communion with the Catholic Church, not "cut off" from either it or the "Body of Christ."
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this picture the Virgin Mary appears on the left, leading a group of female worshipers.

^ Although his statements of affirmation are largely symbolic and certainly are not controlling over any manifestations of the church, we believe he will be able to provide leadership and spiritual inspiration for the congregational, regional and general manifestations.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was convinced on the basis of his interpretation of Scripture that infants would not be damned should they die in infancy.^ They direct that the Scriptures should be understood and received as they were understood by the Christian Fathers.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "You interpret the Scripture in one way, and they interpret it in another," said Mary: "whom shall I believe, and who shall be judge?"
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was no suitable doctrine in a place where a magnificent cathedral, and a gorgeous hierarchy, were maintained in the service of the mass, and should it fall they too would fall.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

[10]:p.25
Smyth, convinced that his self-baptism was invalid, applied with the Mennonites for membership. He died while waiting for membership, and some of his followers became Mennonites. Thomas Helwys and others kept their baptism and their Baptist commitments.[10]:p.25
.According to all authors cited in the present section, the modern Baptist denomination is an outgrowth of Smyth's movement.^ All Jesuits, as disturbers of the public peace, and authors of the present difficulties, shall be banished from the empire.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Southern Baptists alone number 16,000,000 - more than any one of the mainline denominations by leaps and bounds, and well over half as many as all the mainlines combined.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Later, the movement spread to additional denominations, such as the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), the American Baptist Churches, Brethren and Mennonite churches, and the Unitarian Universalist Association.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11] .Wanting neither to be confused with nor identified with Anabaptists, Baptists rejected the name Anabaptist when they were called that by opponents in derision.^ They were by the Scotch People derisively called Tulchan Bishops.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, when the Pope called for a council, Protestants did everything they could to delay it, because they wanted a different type of council.
  • Insight Scoop | The Ignatius Press Blog: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC insightscoop.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.McBeth writes that as late as the eighteenth century, many Baptists referred to themselves as "the Christians commonly—though falsely—called Anabaptists."^ Ken on 30 Oct 2009 at 7:16 pm You people can’t let other hypocrite in the world who call themselves Christians prevent you from calling yourself a Christian.
  • Protestant Pontifications » Coldplay’s Christian Message in Viva la Vida 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.protestantpontifications.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Baptists were associated with the more radical spiritual and political movements in England in the seventeenth century.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Still, though we can see what was at work in the eighteenth century, the men of the time did not.

[16]
.According to Gourley, this view of Baptist origins has the most historical support and is the most widely accepted view of Baptist origins.^ The representatives of most of the historic houses in England were more or less openly supporting the movement.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although PREXAD initially accepted all the recommendations except for those that implied an official recognition of Kinship, most of them disappeared from view .
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Wesleyan Christianity which overran the country and indirectly much of the protestant world, Which originated in Oxford (the most Christian city in the kingdom, according to Hardy).

Representative writers include William H. Whitsitt, Robert G. Torbet, Winthrop S. Hudson, William G. McLoughlin and Robert A. Baker. This position considers the influence of Anabaptists upon early Baptists to be minimal.[8]

Influence of Anabaptists

.This view holds that although Baptists originated from English Separatism, some early Baptists were influenced by some Anabaptists.^ The earliest American Presbyterian churches were established in New England, Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia, and were in large part of English origin, their pastors being Church-of-England ministers holding Presbyterian views.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For the rest, the Anabaptists hold tenets relating to infant baptism, original sin, and inspiration, which have no connection with the Word of God, and are indeed opposed to it .
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ President Clinton's own Baptist pastor has met with hostility for not ousting the nation's chief executive from his church for holding liberal views on homosexuality and abortion.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to this view, the Dutch Mennonites (Anabaptists) shared some similarities with General Baptists (believer's baptism, religious liberty, separation of church and state, and Arminian views of salvation, predestination and original sin).^ Liberals believe in the separation of church and state first and foremost.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Besides this the Anabaptists separate themselves from the churches .
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He had, too, received legal guarantees from the State that the abolished jurisdiction would not be restored, and that the Protestant Church would have liberty and protection given it in the exercise of its worship and the administration of its discipline.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, there were significant differences between Anabaptists and Baptists.^ There is difference also between a wife and a virgin.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a great difference between the two.
  • Insight Scoop | The Ignatius Press Blog: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC insightscoop.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But there is a big difference between the More Light Churches in the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) and their counterparts in other denominations.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Anabaptists tended towards extreme pacifism. They promoted communal sharing of earthly goods[citation needed], did not practiced baptism by immersion, an unorthodox optimistic view of human nature[citation needed]. Therefore, few Baptists hold to this theory of Baptist origins. Representative writers include A. C. Underwood and William R. Estep. .Gorley writes that among some contemporary Baptist scholars who emphasize the faith of the community over soul liberty, the Anabaptist influence theory is making a comeback.^ He is said by some to have had a companion at the stake, George Gurmyn, with whom, as it came out on his examination, he had often communed about the matters of their common faith.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He was in due time followed by Jesuits and seminary priests, and the secret influence of these men soon made itself manifest in the open defection of some who had hitherto professed the Protestant faith.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus did he explode the opus operatum, that great mystic charm which Rome had substituted for faith, and the blessed Spirit who works in the soul by means of it.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

[8]
The relations between Baptists and Anabaptists were early strained. In 1624 the then five existing Baptist churches of London issued an anathema against the Anabaptists.[17]. .Today there is little dialogue between Anabatist organizations (such and the Mennonite World Conference) and the Baptist bodies.^ In that age the two shared the world between themother competitor there was none.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

Baptist belief in perpetuity

Prior to the 20th century, Baptist historians generally wrote from the perspective that Baptists had existed since the times of Christ.[18] .The Baptist perpetuity view considers the Baptist movement to have always been historically separate from Catholicism and in existence prior to the Protestant Reformation.^ From the perspective of the historical Catholic church, the Protestant Reformation was a schismatic and unbiblical movement (and continues to be so even today).
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Views of Catholic and Protestant Historians A. Johann von Dollinger "Historically nothing is more incorrect than the assertion that the Reformation was a movement in favour of intellectual freedom.
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But Psychology, Catholicism, and the Bible all disagree with the Protestant view.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

[19] .The historians who advocate this position consider Baptists and Anabaptists as one and the same people and point out that many Reformation era historians and apologists considered the Anabaptists to pre-date the Reformation.^ The progress which the reforming spirit had made, even among the German ecclesiastics, may be judged of from the indifference of many who were deeply interested in the maintenance of the old system.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Southern Baptists alone number 16,000,000 - more than any one of the mainline denominations by leaps and bounds, and well over half as many as all the mainlines combined.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Bret L. McAtee (anti-Catholic Reformed Protestant pastor) You are one of the most thoughtful and careful apologists out there.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: Replies to Protestants' Alleged Biblical Disproofs of the Perpetual Virginity of Mary (vs. Ken Temple) 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[20] For example, Cardinal Hosius (1504–1579), a Roman Catholic prelate of the sixteenth century, wrote,
.
For not so long ago I read the edict of the other prince who lamented the fate of the Anabaptists who, so we read, were pronounced heretics twelve hundred years ago and deserving of capital punishment.^ There was a time, not all that long ago, actually, when Catholics and Protestants deeply mistrusted each other, or even worse.

^ The archbishop rose, and solemnly pronounced sentence on Hamilton as a heretic, delivering him over to the secular arm that is, to his own soldiers and executioners to be punished.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ban on instrumental accompaniment was long ago removed and pipe-organs and other instruments of music are now in general use.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.He wanted them to be heard and not taken as condemned without a hearing."^ It were unjust, they said, to condemn him without knowing whether he were the author of the incriminated books, and without hearing what he had to say in defense of his opinions.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His appeal was grounded on the four following points:First, because he stood condemned without having been heard, and without any reason or proof assigned of his being in error.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

[21]
.Baptist historian John T. Christian writes in the introduction to his History of the Baptists: "I have throughout pursued the scientific method of investigation, and I have let the facts speak for themselves.^ Ken on 30 Oct 2009 at 7:16 pm You people can’t let other hypocrite in the world who call themselves Christians prevent you from calling yourself a Christian.
  • Protestant Pontifications » Coldplay’s Christian Message in Viva la Vida 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.protestantpontifications.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Let me assure you that there were and are lots and lots of us, throughout history, as confirmed by a growing number of historians, including John Boswell [ 3 ].
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All we have to do is let the man speak for himself, and observe the fruits in history of his heresies and schism.
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

.I have no question in my own mind that there has been a historical succession of Baptists from the days of Christ to the present time."^ In my view, these have fallen on hard times in the last 10 years, with a predilection to present most guests as freaks.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There’s been much discussion these days about "the new American Empire" and the need for Jesus’ followers to stand against it as he stood against the imperial powers of his own time.

^ There could be no permanent safety for the liberties of England, they believed, till the duke's succession was declared illegal.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

[22]
.The perpetuity view is often identified with The Trail of Blood, a successionist pamphlet by J.M. Carrol published in 1931[23] Other Baptist writers holding the perpetuity view are Thomas Crosby, G.H. Orchard, J.M. Cramp, William Cathcart, Adam Taylor and D.B. Ray[24][25] This view was also held by English Baptist preacher, Charles Spurgeon[26] as well as Jesse Mercer, the namesake of Mercer University.^ He had often protested his zeal on this head to the emperor, and Charles sympathised largely with his views, as the world would yet come to know.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ President Clinton's own Baptist pastor has met with hostility for not ousting the nation's chief executive from his church for holding liberal views on homosexuality and abortion.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Martin Players will present Mark Twain’s “The Diaries of Adam and Eve” on Tuesday and Wednesday, March 24-25 in Martin Hall Auditorium.

[27]

Baptists in North America

.Both Roger Williams and John Clarke, his compatriot in working for religious freedom, are variously credited as founding the earliest Baptist church in North America.^ I found such a community in the local Episcopal church both in the prior community where I lived (Washington, DC) and my present community (Phoenix, AZ.) .
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ To his credit, he remained tolerant, an exception to the rule, as was William Penn, who was persecuted by Protestants in England and founded the tolerant colony of Pennsylvania.
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The church carries on foreign mission work in India, and sustains mission stations in various parts of the United States.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[28] .In 1639, Williams established a Baptist church in Providence, Rhode Island, and Clarke began a Baptist church in Newport, Rhode Island.^ Presbyterian churches of English origin, however, were established in Long Island, among which are to be noted Southold (1640) and Jamaica (1656).
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Baptist Roger Williams was banished from Massachusetts in 1635 and founded tolerant Rhode Island (92:208).
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Reformed Presbyterian Church began its existence in America in 1774, through the organization of a presbytery in that year by the Rev. John Cuthbertson, William Lind, and Alexander Dobbin.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.According to a Baptist historian who has researched the matter extensively, "There is much debate over the centuries as to whether the Providence or Newport church deserved the place of 'first' Baptist congregation in America.^ Sacerdotalism, therefore, whether in connection with the sacraments, or enforced liturgies, or priestly vestments, has no place in the worship of the Presbyterian churches.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And if it gets political, the reason is often that complacent churches and denominations allowed the injustice to happen in the first place or even abetted it.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Argyle had protested against the execution of Charles I, and when England rejected the son, Argyle was the first to invite Charles to Scotland, and he it was who placed the crown of that ancient kingdom upon his head.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

Exact records for both congregations are lacking."[9]

Baptist associations

Christian Denominations
in English-speaking countries
.Many Baptist churches choose to associate with associational groups that provide fellowship without control.^ Although his statements of affirmation are largely symbolic and certainly are not controlling over any manifestations of the church, we believe he will be able to provide leadership and spiritual inspiration for the congregational, regional and general manifestations.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the same current that carried these Scotch and Scotch-Irish in such large numbers to America were many who were affiliated with the Associate Church of Scotland.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Soon the churches began to feel the need of closer fellowship with one another and were ready for associations in which a number of churches could unite in Christian fellowship and service.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The largest Baptist association is the Southern Baptist Convention, but there are many other Baptist associations.^ Malcolm C Fenwick in the History of the Korea Baptist Convention.” Baptist History and Heritage (6 January 1971): 45-48.
  • Korean History Bibliography: Religion and Philosophy - Christianity 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.hawaii.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Southern Baptists alone number 16,000,000 - more than any one of the mainline denominations by leaps and bounds, and well over half as many as all the mainlines combined.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Other members, ministers and student ministers reside in many parts of the U.S.A. A NGPA missionary works in Ghana, and there are also members and student ministers around the world.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are also autonomous churches that remain independent of any denomination, organization, or association.^ In 1822 this synod withdrew from the Associate Reformed Church, became independent, and assumed 234 its present name.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ JDA.] Nonetheless, the decade long dialogue between the denomination and the Council, the nation's largest ecumenical organization, has indelibly impressed the broader church.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The synod of Otago provided that it should continue its separate existence as an independent church organization for the sake of preserving its interest in and control of the endowment it had received from the company.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[29]
In 1905, Baptists worldwide formed the Baptist World Alliance (BWA). The BWA now counts over 200 Baptist conventions and unions worldwide with over 37 million members.[2] .The BWA's goals include caring for the needy, leading in world evangelism and defending human rights and religious freedom.^ Laying-On of Hands Healing Evangelism Slavery No One is Righteous Religious Life Segregation .
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

Though it played a role in the founding of the BWA, the Southern Baptist Convention severed its affiliation with BWA in 2004.[30]

Membership

Statistics

.According to the Barna Group researchers, Baptists are the largest denominational grouping of born again Christians in the U.S. Barna defines Born again Christians as "people who said they have made a personal commitment to Jesus Christ that is still important in their life today and who also indicated they believe that when they die they will go to Heaven because they had confessed their sins and had accepted Jesus Christ as their savior."^ If they are necessary, if they apply today, then Jesus did not do what he said he did.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Jesus was crucified for educating the masses and giving them access to personally build a relationship with God......where only the high priest at that time were privileged to get close to God because they were able to read and were supposedly highly educated.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Though we differ over many matters of faith and practice, all orthodox (with a small 'o', meaning right-believing) Christians are unified in our confession of one triune God who was preeminently revealed in Jesus Christ, the one who is both "true God" and "truly human," according to the Nicene Creed.

[31] A 2009 ABCNEWS/Beliefnet phone poll of 1,022 adults suggests that fifteen percent of Americans identify themselves as Baptists.[32]
.Besides North America and Europe, large populations of Baptists also exist in Asia, Africa and Latin America, notably in India (2.4 million), Nigeria (2.5 million), Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) (1.9 million), and Brazil (1.7 million).^ As you may know, part of what is intriguing about the election of the next Pope is the possibility that this person might come from the Southern Hemisphere, either Latin America (where 40% of the world's Catholics live) or Africa (which has a large and growing Catholic population).

[2]
.According to a poll in the 1990s, about one in five Christians in the United States claims to be a Baptist.^ The independence of the United States had created new conditions for the Christian churches as well as for the American people.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This paper aims to describe the lesbian and gay liberation movement in the Christian Churches of the United States during the 1970s, 1980s, and into the 1990s.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the late 1970s groups of lesbian and gay Christian Scientists were meeting in at least six cities in the United States and Great Britain.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] U.S. Baptists are represented in more than fifty separate groups.^ Southern Baptists alone number 16,000,000 - more than any one of the mainline denominations by leaps and bounds, and well over half as many as all the mainlines combined.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The general meant that the army should subsist by plunder; and fifty thousand would cost the emperor no more than twenty thousand, for neither would cost him anything.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It numbered in the sixteenth century fifty convents, and more than a thousand monks and nuns.
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

Ninety-two percent of Baptists are found in five of those bodies—the Southern Baptist Convention (SBC); National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. (NBC); National Baptist Convention of America, Inc.; (NBCA); American Baptist Churches in the USA (ABC); and Baptist Bible Fellowship International (BBFI).[33]
Part of the 6th century Madaba Map showing Aenon and Bethabara, places of baptism of St. John (Βεθαβαρά τὸ τοῦ ἁγίου Ἰωάννου τοῦ βαπτίσματος)

Qualifications

The primary external qualification for membership in a Baptist church is baptism.[34] .General Baptist churches will accept into membership people who have made a profession of faith but have not been baptized as a believer.^ Since the formation of the general assembly the church has made continuous progress, notwithstanding the heavy drain which emigration has made on its membership.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But in 1833 those who took the extreme position of dissent withdrew, forming what is known as the Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church (see above, VIII., 4 ), as distinct from the General Synod.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood , an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

These are included as members alongside baptized members in the statistics. .Some Baptist churches do not have an age restriction on membership, but will not accept as a member a child who is considered too young to fully understand and make a profession of faith of their own volition and comprehension.^ All members are expected to constantly witness their faith if they consider themselves to be mature believers.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was proposed that the bishop should keep his place at the head of the Church and wield its government, but that in doing so he should to some extent make use of the machinery of Presbyterianism.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was in due time followed by Jesuits and seminary priests, and the secret influence of these men soon made itself manifest in the open defection of some who had hitherto professed the Protestant faith.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

In such cases, the pastor and parents usually meet together with the child to verify the child's comprehension of the decision to follow Jesus. .There are instances where persons make a profession of faith but fail to follow through with believers' baptism.^ 'No persons shall be denied membership because of race, ethnic origins, worldly condition, or any other reason not related to profession of faith.'"
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His head was affixed to the Netherbow, and there it remained, blackening in the sun, through all the dark years of persecution that followed.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But there was no question in my mind that we shared the same basic faith in God who has made himself know through Jesus Christ.

In such cases they are considered saved and usually eligible for membership. Baptists do not believe that baptism has anything to do with salvation. It is considered a public expression of one's inner repentance and faith.[citation needed]
.Baptists believe that the act of baptism is a symbolic display of the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus.^ Surprisingly, she is not mentioned as a resurrection witness, though odds are that she did indeed see Jesus alive after death.

^ The king's death, for instance, has been set down as the act of an assassin, and the Swedes generally believed that the perpetrator of the base act was Francis, Duke of Lauenburg.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Under this Act it was lawful to believe in baptismal regeneration, but a crime to administer baptism without the sign of the cross.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] When a person who has already been saved and confessed Christ submits to scriptural baptism, he or she is publicly identifying with Christ in His death to old self, burial of past sinful thought and action, and resurrection in newness of life, to walk with Christ the remainder of their days.^ The prisoner next confessed his faith in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, "as the council of the Three Persons of the Trinity," that they were sufficient for man's salvation, and that he was resolved to guide himself by their light, and willing to submit to their authority, and also to that of the "saints and doctors of Christ," so far as their teaching agreed with the Word of God.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They who thought that the State should confine its attention to secular affairs and leave the church alone, were called New Lights, and the others received the name Old Lights.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The man who wrote this confession in the days of Archbishop Whitgift was a Puritan in faith."
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
.Some churches, especially in the UK, do not require members to have been baptized as a believer, so long as they have made a believer's declaration of faith—for example, been confirmed in the Anglican church, or become communicant members as Presbyterians.^ The swearer was also required to subscribe a declaration that he did not believe in Transubstantiation.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In October, 1900, a large majority of its ministers, elders, and members united with the United Presbyterian Church and 214 formed the United Free Church (see above, 2 ).
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1836, this presbytery changed its title to that of "The London Presbytery in Communion with the Church of Scotland," while in 1839 the Scottish Assembly counseled its members to organize themselves as "The Presbyterian Synod in England."
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] In these cases, believers would usually transfer their memberships from their previous churches.^ If Protestant teachers truly believed in Sola Scriptura they would allow for divorce for these two cases only .
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Had it been as Mary believed, no long time would have elapsed till his head had fallen on the scaffold, and with it, in all human reckoning, would have fallen the Protestant Church of his native land.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The reality is that many Protestant church leaders believe that they have the true doctrines and beliefs, and they expect their members to learn these and believe them.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

.This allows people who have grown up in one tradition, but now feel settled in their local Baptist church, to fully take part in the day to day life of the church, voting at meetings, etc.^ Truths they had heard a hundred times over, of which they had grown weary, acquired a freshness, a novelty, and a power that made them feel as if they heard them now for the first time.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a Protestant I noticed that the people in my church were like-minded with me — the same race, socio-economic status, etc.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is also possible, but unusual, to be baptized without becoming a church member immediately.^ This verse emphasizes becoming members of the church founded by Jesus.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

Baptist beliefs and principles

Part of a series of articles on
Baptists
Baptism logo.jpg
Historical Background
Protestantism · Puritanism · Anabaptism
Soteriology
General · Strict · Reformed
.Baptists, like other Christians, are defined by doctrine—some of it common to all orthodox and evangelical groups and a portion of it importantly distinctive.^ His presence imparted new life to its adherents; and his counsels led them to certain practical measures, by which each strengthened the other, and all were united in a common action.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the evenings we'd go to the "Long House" for concerts from some of the leading contemporary Christian artists, folks like Amy Grant, Michael W. Smith, MercyMe, etc.

^ Then came the fruits, some of which were served in silver, and others on the boughs of the very trees on which they had grown, and which had been transferred root and all into the banqueting-room.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

[35] .Through the years, different Baptist groups have issued confessions of faith—without considering them to be creeds—to express their particular doctrinal distinctions in comparison to other Christians as well as in comparison to other Baptists.^ It is necessary to bear in mind in considering the Presbyterian polity that the word "presbyterian," while at one time designating the adherent of a Particular form of church government, has come to have a doctrinal as well as an ecclesiastical significance.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Scotland laid aside her simple creed, and accepted in its room an elaborate "Confession of Faith," composed by an Assembly of English divines.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Historically, we Protestants have tended to emphasize our theological differences from other Christians rather than highlighting our unity in Christ.

[3] .Most Baptists are evangelical in doctrine, but Baptist beliefs can vary due to the congregational governance system that gives autonomy to individual local Baptist churches.^ In 1805 a Welsh church was organized in Steuben, Oneida County, New York, as a union church with the Congregational form of government.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Of Church Courts: The distinguishing feature of Presbyterian government is the church court, the government of representative bodies, and not of individuals.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Episcopal Church, while not yet affirming gay clergy, has a form of government that permits local bishops to make the choice.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Historically, Baptists have played a key role in encouraging religious freedom and separation of church and state.^ It was not the State in Scotland that gave freedom to the Church: it was the Church that gave freedom to the State.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The founding fathers recognized that for a democratic society (such as they were trying to create) to succeed, the church (any church) must be separated from the state.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ And instead of separating themselves from their parent churches (the Jewish synagogues) they were actively engaged in them until the religious opposition grew too strident.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[36]
.Shared doctrines would include beliefs about one God; the virgin birth; miracles; atonement through the death, burial, and bodily resurrection of Jesus; the Trinity; the need for salvation (through belief in Jesus Christ as the son of God, his death and resurrection, and confession of Christ as Lord); grace; the Kingdom of God; last things (Jesus Christ will return personally and visibly in glory to the earth, the dead will be raised, and Christ will judge everyone in righteousness); and evangelism and missions.^ God has raised one Man from the dead, the Lord Jesus Christ, that he might destroy death, expiate sin, and shut the gates of hell.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mary's greatest significance in Scripture is as the one who gives birth to Jesus, the Messiah and Son of God.

^ (The death of the Son of God for us sinners is a mystery equal, maybe even greater than his Incarnation.

.Some historically significant Baptist doctrinal documents include the 1689 London Baptist Confession of Faith, 1742 Philadelphia Baptist Confession, the 1833 New Hampshire Baptist Confession of Faith, the Southern Baptist Convention's Baptist Faith and Message, and written church covenants which some individual Baptist churches adopt as a statement of their faith and beliefs.^ A new name was adopted: United Church Coalition for Gay Concerns.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In southern California, for example, three ONA churches produced a video, Open and Affirming: A Journey of Faith , which was released in 1992 by the United Church Board for Homeland Ministries.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Reformed Presbytery adopted as its constitution the doctrinal standards and polity of the church during the period of the Second Reformation.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Most Baptists hold that no church or ecclesiastical organization has inherent authority over a Baptist church.^ A Welsh Baptist church was organized in the Great Valley, Pa., in 1711 by Rev. Hugh Davis, and in 1796 another in Ebensburg, Pa.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ President Clinton's own Baptist pastor has met with hostility for not ousting the nation's chief executive from his church for holding liberal views on homosexuality and abortion.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The England of their day was no free country in which they were at liberty to organize and carry on their Church in a state of secession.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.Churches can properly relate to each other under this polity only through voluntary cooperation, never by any sort of coercion.^ In 1901 the Evangelistic Committee was established, through whose efforts a decided uplift has been given to spiritual conditions, not only within the Presbyterian Church, but also among many other denominational churches.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While, on the one hand, this new episcopacy was being cast down, the Church was laboring, on the other, to build up and perfect her scheme of Presbyterian polity.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Church-members, as to their conduct, are under the control of the church through the pastors and elders as guides in the Christian life, and subject to discipline by the session for offenses ( Matt.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

Furthermore, this Baptist polity calls for freedom from governmental control.[37] .Exceptions to this local form of local governance include a few churches that submit to the leadership of a body of elders, as well as the Episcopal Baptists that have an Episcopal system.^ I found such a community in the local Episcopal church both in the prior community where I lived (Washington, DC) and my present community (Phoenix, AZ.) .
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ This number includes recent moderators of the Presbyterian Church as well as every other category of member in every Christian denomination.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is necessary to bear in mind in considering the Presbyterian polity that the word "presbyterian," while at one time designating the adherent of a Particular form of church government, has come to have a doctrinal as well as an ecclesiastical significance.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

Baptists generally believe in the literal Second Coming of Christ. .Beliefs among Baptists regarding the "end times" include amillennialism, dispensationalism, and historic premillennialism, with views such as postmillennialism and preterism receiving some support.^ But, lest I sound too negative about Van Biema's article, I did find it to include some fascinating tidbits regarding Mary in Protestant piety.

^ The pastors of these denominations are ordained and believe they have a Biblical mandate for their authority citing such passages as 1 Tim 3:2-13 and Titus 1:5-9 to support their views.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are discrepancies between the Biblical passages regarding marriage and the belief and practice of some Protestants.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

Some additional distinctive Baptist principles held by many Baptists include the following:[38]:p.2
  • The supremacy of the canonical Scriptures as a norm of faith and practice. .For something to become a matter of faith and practice, it is not sufficient for it to be merely consistent with and not contrary to scriptural principles.^ This divine sovereignty finds practical expression in the Presbyterian system, through its organizing principle, the sovereignty of the word of God as the supreme and infallible rule of faith and practise.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    It must be something explicitly ordained through command or example in the Bible. .For instance, this is why Baptists do not practice infant baptism—they say the Bible neither commands nor exemplifies infant baptism as a Christian practice, even though nowhere does the Bible forbid it.^ The emperor viewed the contemplated conquests as sound in principle, and he could not see why they should not be found as easily practicable as they were undoubtedly right.
    • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Nowhere does the Bible teach what a worship service should be like.
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Bible nowhere forbids religious images and icons .
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    .More than any other Baptist principle, this one when applied to infant baptism is said to separate Baptists from other evangelical Christians.
  • Similarly prominent is their insistence on regenerate ("saved") members who have received Believers' Baptism.^ Folks who seem to think it means the former somehow think they get off easier than others, somehow.
    • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Jones and all the judges who refused to bend were removed, and others put in their room, who were more at the devotion of the king.
    • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Historically, we Protestants have tended to emphasize our theological differences from other Christians rather than highlighting our unity in Christ.

    .To Baptists, the "church universal" is the entire body of those who have personally become partakers of the salvation of Christ.
  • Baptists believe that faith is a matter between God and the individual (religious freedom).^ Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church.
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "And I believe that, this Christ, our Savior, after that He had ordained this most worthy Sacrament of His own precious body, went forth willingly...
    • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Faith lays hold on that which the Sacrament represents, signifies, and sealseven the promise of God; and the soul resting on that promise has grace and salvation.
    • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

    To them it means the advocacy of absolute liberty of conscience.
  • Insistence on immersion as the only mode of baptism. Baptists do not believe that baptism is necessary for salvation. .Therefore, they do not consider it to be a sacrament, since it imparts no saving grace.^ They say that since all believers are priests there is no clergy.
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Protestant teachers consider this phrase as merely a figure of speech since they don't really believe that there is a priesthood anymore.
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Sacerdotalism, therefore, whether in connection with the sacraments, or enforced liturgies, or priestly vestments, has no place in the worship of the Presbyterian churches.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    [38]
The following acrostic backronym, spelling BAPTIST, represents a useful summary of Baptists' distinguishing beliefs:[39]
.
  • Biblical authority (Matthew 24:35; 1 Peter 1:23; 2 Timothy 3:16-17)
  • Autonomy of the local church (Matt. 18:15–17; 1 Cor.^ The church is organized in 15 presbyteries, 166 congregations, 377 church-buildings with accommodation for 70,000 worshippers, and 18,000 communicant members, with contributions of £75,000 annually.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Cor 10:17,18) .
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Cor 10:16-18) .
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    .6:1-3)
  • Priesthood of all believers (1 Peter 2:5-9; 1 Timothy 5)
  • Two ordinances (believer's baptism and the Lord's Supper) (Acts 2:41–47; 1 Cor.^ Had not the Apostle Peter, addressing all believers, said, "Ye are a royal priesthood"?
    • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Under this Act it was lawful to believe in baptismal regeneration, but a crime to administer baptism without the sign of the cross.
    • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This Act required, "That all persons bearing any office, or place of trust and profit, shall take the oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance in public and open court, and shall also receive the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper according to the usage of the Church of England."
    • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

    11:23-32)
  • Individual soul liberty (Romans 14:5–12)
  • Separation of Church and State (Matthew 22:15–22)
  • Two offices of the church (pastor-elder and deacon) (1 Timothy 3:1-13; Titus 1–2)
Most Baptist traditions believe in the "Four Freedoms" articulated by Baptist historian Walter B. Shurden:[3]
  • Soul freedom: the soul is competent before God, and capable of making decisions in matters of faith without coercion or compulsion by any larger religious or civil body
  • Church freedom: freedom of the local church from outside interference, whether government or civilian (subject only to the law where it does not interfere with the religious teachings and practices of the church)
  • Bible freedom: the individual is free to interpret the Bible for himself or herself, using the best tools of scholarship and biblical study available to the individual
  • Religious freedom: the individual is free to choose whether to practice their religion, another religion, or no religion; Separation of church and state is often called the "civil corollary" of religious freedom

Beliefs that vary among Baptists

Protestantism
95Thesen.jpg
The Reformation
History

Pre-Reformation movements

Reformation era movements
.Despite some common doctrines and practices which characterize the greater part of Baptists, there are many beliefs and practices which vary from church to church and between associations.^ Some hundreds of raw untaught young men were brought from that part of Scotland, drafted into the Church, and taught to do duty as curates.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the New Hebrides there is now a strong native church, some islands being entirely Christian.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ VOLUME THIRD- BOOK TWENTY-FOURTH- CHAPTER 16 [ 1 ] The Books of Common Prayer, and Administration of the Sacraments, and other parts of Divine Service, for the use of the Church of Scotland.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some doctrinal issues on which there is widespread difference among Baptists are eschatology, Calvinism and Arminianism), the doctrine of separation from "the world" and whether to associate with those who are "of the world, glossolalia (speaking in tongues), how the Bible should be interpreted (hermeneutics), the extent to which missionary boards should be used to support missionaries, the extent to which non-members may participate in the (Lord's Supper) services, which translation of Scripture to use from the pulpit and in Bible classes (See King-James-Only movement), the very nature of Gospel, the role of women in marriage, and the ordination of women as deacons or pastors.^ Its members were all those who made profession of the Gospel; its law was the Bible, and its King was Christ.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Owing to the defection of some of its ministers in 1691 (see Cameron, Richard, Cameronians ), the Covenanter Church was without any pastoral oversight for sixteen years, and the truth was kept alive in the hearts of its members by means of social gatherings for Christian conference and prayer, while the members refused to wait on the ministry of any who had been false to their ordination vows.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ James V was then a youth of seventeen, and it was just possible that he might not stand quietly by and see them ruthlessly murder one who drew his descent from the royal house.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
.Some of the smaller Baptist groups are devoted to some peculiar traditional practice or doctrine.^ That was more pronounced among Presbyterians, some Baptists and others with a strong Calvinist tradition.

^ They claim that the Bible is to be the sole authority in matters of faith, doctrine, belief, and practice; and that traditions are to be rejected.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some may be surprised to learn that certain Protestant doctrines and practices have no biblical support whatsoever but were invented by the Protestant "Reformers" or by later developments of Protestantism.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Some Primitive Baptists practice the laying on of hands after baptism and footwashing, as do some Freewill Baptists.^ For those who have Sola Scriptura as their foundation there is no basis for practice the laying on of hands in any other manner than that specified by the Bible.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the New Testament there are two basic reasons for practicing the laying on of hands: .
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The practice of having the congregation lay hands is not specified in the Bible.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Seventh Day Baptists insist biblical worship should be conducted on the traditional Sabbath (Saturday) rather than on Sunday.^ Fearing a tumult should he conduct Hamilton to prison in open day, the officer waited till night-fall before executing the mandate of the archbishop.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On Sunday only did the preacher of the regiment conduct public worship, the soldiers with their families being assembled before him, and seated orderly upon the ground.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Festivals should cease, as but affording occasions for idleness and all kinds of vicious indulgences, and the Sabbath should be the only day on which men ought to abstain from working.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

.Landmarkism holds to strict closed communion wherein only the members of the church can participate in the Lord's Supper.^ In 1836, this presbytery changed its title to that of "The London Presbytery in Communion with the Church of Scotland," while in 1839 the Scottish Assembly counseled its members to organize themselves as "The Presbyterian Synod in England."
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The name "catholic" or "universal" is therefore the exclusive property of no one communion or denomination, and all churches holding to the fundamentals of the Christian religion are churches of Christ.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The marchioness asked only that she might be permitted to name the ministers who should assist him at the approaching celebration of the Lord's Supper.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

On the other hand, some Baptists have embraced modernistic trends, such as The Alliance of Baptists which officially affirms homosexual relationships[40]

Controversies which have shaped Baptists

Baptists have faced many controversies in their 400-year history, controversies of the level of crises. .Baptist historian Walter Shurden says the word "crisis" comes from the Greek word meaning "to decide."^ The historian Burner, who witnessed his execution, says that "on the ladder he spoke an hour with the composedness of one who was delivering a sermon rather than his last words."
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Whatever thou or such other say, I say that the pilgrimage that now is used is to them that do it a praiseworthy and a good means to come to grace."
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

Shurden writes that contrary to the presumed negative view of crises, some controversies that reach a crisis level may actually be "positive and highly productive." He claims that even schism, though never ideal, has often produced positive results. In his opinion crises among Baptists each have become decision-moments that shaped their future.[41] Some controversies which have shaped Baptists are:
  • Missions crisis
  • Racial crisis
  • Landmark crisis
  • Modernist crisis

Missions crisis

.Early in the 19th century, the rise of the modern missions movement, and the backlash against it, led to widespread and bitter controversy among the American Baptists.^ From an early date Scotland had been in course of preparation for the part it was to act in the great movement of the sixteenth century.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Later, the movement spread to additional denominations, such as the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), the American Baptist Churches, Brethren and Mennonite churches, and the Unitarian Universalist Association.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[42] During this era, the American Baptists were split between missionary and anti-missionary. .A substantial secession of Baptists went into the movement led by Alexander Campbell, to return to a more fundamental church.^ The More Light Church movement began soon after the close of the 190th General Assembly in 1978.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some theologians have read a great deal into this text, but seeing Mary as the mother of the church is adding more than the text itself provides.

^ When the 1st of November came, four hundred ministers more than a third of the Scottish clergy rose up, and quitting their manses, their churches, and their parishes, went forth with their families into banishment.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

[43]

Slavery crisis

.Leading up to the American Civil War, Baptists became embroiled in the controversy over slavery in the United States.^ The largest and, with one exception, the oldest of the American Presbyterian churches is the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, and into it have been gathered elements from all the others.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ About this time a lively discussion began concerning the relation of the church to the civil government of the United States.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The independence of the United States had created new conditions for the Christian churches as well as for the American people.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Whereas in the First Great Awakening, Methodist and Baptist preachers had opposed slavery and urged manumission, over the decades they made more of an accommodation with the institution.^ "The king's marriage with Popery and France," says Dr. Kennet, "was a more inauspicious omen than the great plague that signalized the first year of his reign."
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They began to despair of the King of the Scots prematurely, we think; but they were naturally more impatient than James, seeing the restoration of their Church was with them the first object, whereas with James it was only the second, and the English crown was the first.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

They worked with slaveholders in the South to urge a paternalistic institution. Both denominations made direct appeals to slaves and free blacks for conversion. The Baptists particularly allowed them active roles in congregations. By the mid-19th century, northern Baptists tended to oppose slavery. .As tensions increased, in 1844 the Home Mission Society declared that a slave owner could not be a missionary under its patronage.^ Engaged in strictly mission work, they could render but little missionary service to their brethren in black.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the time of the reunion with the Presbyterian Church the board of missions (at St. Louis) was sustaining twenty-six foreign missionaries, besides doing an extensive mission work at home.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1840 the Foreign Missionary Society was established, and the first missionary sent to Khassia Hills in northeast India, a mission being founded in Brittany two years later.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Southern Baptist Convention formed in 1845, founded on the premise that the Bible sanctions slavery and that it is acceptable for Christians to own slaves.^ In 1993 one prestigious Southern Baptist church authorized and witnessed the marriage of a gay couple and another licensed a gay preacher, suffering repercussions from the Southern Baptist Convention.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(In the 20th century, the Southern Baptist Convention renounced this doctrine.).[citation needed]
.As early as the late 1700s black Baptists began to organize separate churches, associations and mission agencies, especially in the northern states.^ The "Societies," the monthly association held at Trevecca and other parts of Wales, together with the quarterly associations, are the basis of the organization of the Calvinistic Methodist Church.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Their first organization in the United States was the Associate Presbytery of Pennsylvania in 1753.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ About this time a lively discussion began concerning the relation of the church to the civil government of the United States.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Many of the slaves were forced to remain members of the same churches with the whites up until the American Civil War.^ The home missions of the church have been continuously upon the frontier of the advancing civilization of the American people.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They reasoned that the same charter which gave to the Church her right to exist, gave to her members the right to discharge those functions that are needful to her welfare.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He had gathered many millions front his confiscations in Bohemia, but these had been swallowed up by the Jesuits, or spent on the wars in Hungary, and nothing remained wherewith to fight the battles of the "Restoration."
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

.After emancipation, black Baptists generally separated from the white Baptists, as they wanted to establish their own institutions outside white supervision.^ This was denied and complete separation was the result, the whites advising it and the blacks accepting it as inevitable and as probably best for their race.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[44] Currently American Baptist numerical strength is greatest in the former slaveholding states. The Baptist faith is the predominant faith of African Americans.[45]

Landmark crisis

.Southern Baptist Landmarkism sought to reset the ecclesiastical separation which had characterized the old Baptist churches, in an era when inter-denominational union meetings were the order of the day.^ The party standing for denominational agencies and opposed to the Plan of Union was known as the "Old School," and that favoring its continuance as the "New School."
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Baptist and Mormon (Latter Day Saints) churches, and Orthodox Judaism generally condemn lesbians and gay men.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While a spirit of separation existed, there was at the same time a strong feeling in all denominations that there was no good reason for perpetuating the differences of the old land in the new.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[46].Robinson Graves">James Robinson Graves was the primary leader of this movement and one of the most influential Baptists of the 19th century.^ One of the largest and most influential churches within the Presbyterian Church USA (one that is center-left in theology, by the way) seems to be moving in the direction of exalting Mary.

^ No matter what you think of the Catholic Church or the Pope, you must acknowledge that his position is one of the most influential in the world.

[47] .While some Landmarkers eventually separated from the Southern Baptist Convention, the movement's influence on the Convention continued well into the 20th century.^ Thus the Southern Presbyterian Church began its separate existence just when the greatest civil war of history was getting well under way.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The singing continued as the hundreds of participants slowly moved from the assembly into the lobby of the convention center, following the cross.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Southern Baptists alone number 16,000,000 - more than any one of the mainline denominations by leaps and bounds, and well over half as many as all the mainlines combined.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[48] Its influence continues to affect Convention policies. .In 2005 the Southern Baptist International Mission Board forbade its missionaries to receive alien immersions for baptism.^ At the time of the reunion with the Presbyterian Church the board of missions (at St. Louis) was sustaining twenty-six foreign missionaries, besides doing an extensive mission work at home.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Woman's Board of Missions was sustaining seventeen women as missionary workers in foreign countries.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[49]

The Modernist crisis

The rise of theological modernism in the latter 19th and 20th century also greatly affected the Baptists.[50] The Landmark movement, already mentioned, has been described as a reaction against incipient modernism among Southern Baptists.[51] .In England, Charles Haddon Spurgeon fought against modernistic views of the Scripture in the Downgrade Controversy.^ Argyle had protested against the execution of Charles I, and when England rejected the son, Argyle was the first to invite Charles to Scotland, and he it was who placed the crown of that ancient kingdom upon his head.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

[52]
The Northern Baptist Convention had internal conflict over modernism in the early 20th century, ultimately embracing it. .Two new conservative associations were founded as a result: the General Association of Regular Baptist Churches in 1933 and the Conservative Baptist Association of America in 1947.[53] Following similar conflicts over modernism, the Southern Baptist Convention adhered to conservative theology as its official position.^ The new Associate Reformed Church had considerable strength and was scattered over a territory embracing Pennsylvania, New York, New England, and Ohio.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is the result of these unions that is found in the United Original Secession Church, the half of which united with the Free Church in 1852; and the other half still maintains a separate organization.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first Welsh Presbyterian church in America was organized at Pen-y-Cærau, Remsen, New York, in 1826, and this was followed in the years 1828–34 by the organization of thirty-six others in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and New York, and the church extended later into Wisconsin.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

People with other ideas formed two new Baptist denominations: Alliance of Baptists in 1987 and the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship in 1991.[54]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Shurden, Walter (2001). "Turning Points in Baptist History". Macon, GA: The Center for Baptist Studies, Mercer University. http://www.centerforbaptiststudies.org/pamphlets/style/turningpoints.htm. Retrieved 16 January 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Baptist World Alliance Official Statistics". http://www.bwanet.org/default.aspx?pid=437. 
  3. ^ a b c Shurden, Walter B. (1993). The Baptist Identity: Four Fragile Freedoms. Macon, Georgia: Smyth & Helwys Publishing. ISBN 978-1880837207. 
  4. ^ Newman, Albert Henry (1894). A History of the Baptist Churches in the United States. Christian Literature. http://books.google.com/books?id=wCrmT5eki7YC. "This rejection of infant baptism and this insistence on believers' baptism were so distinctive of these Christians that they were stigmatized as Anabaptists, Catabaptists, and sometimes as simply Baptists; that is to say, they were declared to be "rebaptizers", "perverters of baptism", or, as unduly magnifying baptism and making it the occasion of schism, simply "baptizers"." 
  5. ^ "The Illustrated Book of All Religions From the Earliest Ages to the Present Time", Star Publishing Company, 1895.
  6. ^ Christian, John T. A History of the Baptists. Broadman Press (1922, chapter 15,pages 205-206): "The word Baptists was used by a high official of the English government in the earlier days of the reign of Queen Elizabeth. That official was Sir William Cecil, afterwards Lord Burleigh, then the Secretary of State and especial adviser of the Queen. The date is March 10, 1569.". http://www.reformedreader.org/history/christian/ahob1/ahobp.htm. 
  7. ^ John T. Christian, History of the Baptists , volume I page 205 and volume II page 212|http://www.reformedreader.org/history/christian/ahob1/ahobp.htm
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Gourley, Bruce. "A Very Brief Introduction to Baptist History, Then and Now." The Baptist Observer.
  9. ^ a b Brackney, William H. (2006). Baptists in North America: an historical perspective. Blackwell Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 1405118652. 
  10. ^ a b c d e Leonard, Bill J. (2003). Baptist Ways: A History. Judson Press. ISBN 978-0817012311. 
  11. ^ a b c Briggs, John. "Baptist Origins". Baptist History and Heritage Society. http://www.baptisthistory.org/contissues/briggs.htm. Retrieved 10 January 2010. 
  12. ^ Beale, David (2000). The Mayflower Pilgrims: roots of Puritan, Presbyterian, Congregationalist, and Baptist heritage. Emerald House Group. ISBN 978-1889893518. 
  13. ^ Traffanstedt, Chris. "A Primer on Baptist History". http://www.reformedreader.org/history/pbh.htm. Retrieved 23 December 2009. 
  14. ^ Nettles, Tom J. (Spring 2009). "Once Upon a Time, Four Hundred Years Ago...". Founders Journal (Founders Ministries) 76: 2–8. http://www.founders.org/journal/fj76/article1.html. 
  15. ^ Vedder, H. C.. "A Short History of the Baptists". The Reformed Reader. http://www.reformedreader.org/history/vedder/ch14.htm. Retrieved 23 December 2009. 
  16. ^ McBeth, H. Leon. "Baptist Beginnings". Baptist History and Heritage Society. http://www.baptisthistory.org/baptistbeginnings.htm. Retrieved 19 October 2007. 
  17. ^ Melton, J.G. Baptists in "Encyclopedia of American Religions". 1994
  18. ^ Robert G. Torbet, A History of the Baptists, pages 18-19, Valley Forge: Judson Press - 1975)
  19. ^ H. Leon McBeth, The Baptist Heritage, pages 59-60, Nashville: Broadman Press - 1987
  20. ^ John T. Christian, History of the Baptists, Volume one, pages 83-282
  21. ^ Ben Tonwsend, Tracing the Cardinal Hosius Quote - 2003 http://drbentownsend.com/Documents/HosiusQuoteInBaptistExpanded.pdf
  22. ^ Christian, John T (vol.1, 1922; vol.2, 1926). A History of the Baptists. Broadman Press. http://www.reformedreader.org/history/christian/ahob1/ahobp.htm. 
  23. ^ H. Leon McBeth, The Baptist Heritage, pages 58-60, Nashville: Broadman Press - 1987.
  24. ^ H. Leon McBeth, The Baptist Heritage, pages 59-60, Nashville, Broadman Press - 1987
  25. ^ Robert Torbet, A History of the Baptists, page 18 Valley Forge: Judson Press - 1975
  26. ^ The New park Street Pulpit, Volume VII, Page 225
  27. ^ Jesse Mercer (1838), A History of the Georgia Baptist Association, pages 196-201, http://baptisthistoryhomepage.com/1811cl_mercer.html 
  28. ^ Newport Notables
  29. ^ Moore, G. Holmes. "300 Years of Baptist History." Bible Baptist Church of St. Louis, MO, is an example of an independent Baptist church that has never been a denominational church in the sense of belonging to some convention or association. Web: 17 January 2010. [1]
  30. ^ Cooperman, Alan (16 June 2004). "Southern Baptists Vote To Leave World Alliance". Washington Post: p. A4. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A44658-2004Jun15.html. Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  31. ^ "Catholics Have Become Mainstream America." July 9, 2007. Web: 16 January 2010. Born again Christians in U.S.
  32. ^ Langer, Gary. "Poll: Most Americans Say They're Christian. Varies Greatly From the World at Large." 18 Jul 2009 Web: 16 January 2010. Poll: Most Americans Say They're Christian
  33. ^ Albert W. Wardin, Baptists Around the World (Nashville: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 1995) p. 367
  34. ^ Pendleton, J. M. (1867). Church Manual For Baptist Churches. The Judson Press. http://www.reformedreader.org/rbb/pendleton/churchmanual/bcm01.htm. 
  35. ^ Nettles, Thomas J.. "A Foundation for the Future: The Southern Baptist Message and Mission". 
  36. ^ "Baptists." Web: 17 January 2010
  37. ^ Pinson, William M., Jr.. [htpp://www.baptisthistory.org/contissues/pinson.htm Trends in Baptist Polity]. Baptist History and Heritage Society. htpp://www.baptisthistory.org/contissues/pinson.htm. 
  38. ^ a b Newman, Albert Henry (1915). A History of the Baptist Churches in the United States (3 ed.). Christian Literature. http://books.google.com/books?id=F38uAAAAYAAJ. 
  39. ^ Articles on Baptists beliefs, polity, ministries, practices, organizations, and heritage. The information is intended to be useful for Baptists and non-Baptists alike.
  40. ^ http://www.allianceofbaptists.org/learn/resources/congregationalresources.
  41. ^ Shurden, Walter B.. Crises in Baptist Life. http://www.baptistdistinctives.org/crises.pdf. Retrieved 16 January 2010. 
  42. ^ John T. Christian, History of the Baptists, volume 2 pages 404-420 (Nashville: Broadman Press - 1926
  43. ^ John T. Christian, History of the Baptists, volume 2, pages 421-436 (Nashville: Broadman Press - 1926
  44. ^ Leroy Fitts, A History of Black Baptists, pages 43-106 (Nashville, TN: Broadman Press - 1985)
  45. ^ Department of Geography and Meteorology, "Baptists as a Percentage of all Residents, 2000" Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, Indiana.
  46. ^ Robert Ashcraft, Landmarkism Revisited, pages 84-85 (Ashcraft Publications, Mabelvale, Arkansas, 2003)
  47. ^ Ben M. Bogard, Pillars of Orthodoxy, page 199 (Louisville: Baptist Book Concern - 1900)
  48. ^ Smith, Handy & Loetscher, American Christianity: An Historical Interpretation With Representative Documents, Volume II: 1820-1960, page 110 (Charles Scribner's Sons - 1963)
  49. ^ "Guideline on Baptism". International Mission Board. http://www.imb.org/main/news/details.asp?LanguageID=1709&StoryID=3837. 
  50. ^ Torbet, Robert G. (1975). A History of the Baptists. Valley Forge: Judson Press. pp. 424–445. ISBN 978-0817000745. 
  51. ^ History of the American Baptist Association, edited by Robert Ashcraft, pages 63-66 (Texarkana: History and Archives Committee of the American Baptist Association - 2000)
  52. ^ Robert G. Torbet, A History of the Baptists, page 114 (Valley Forge, PA: Judson Press - 1975).
  53. ^ Robert G. Torbet, A History of the Baptists, pages 395 and 436 (Valley Forge, PA: Judson Press - 1975).
  54. ^ "CBF History". 

References

  • Gavins, Raymond. .The Perils and Prospects of Southern Black Leadership: Gordon Blaine Hancock, 1884–1970. Duke University Press, 1977.
  • Harrison, Paul M. Authority and Power in the Free Church Tradition: A Social Case Study of the American Baptist Convention Princeton University Press, 1959.
  • Harvey, Paul.^ It is ministerial, in that the Church exercises power only by Christ's authority.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Church Authority Clergy / Laity Church Life Church Traditions Self-Ordination Liturgy Liturgical Calendar .
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Holding the continuing obligation of the national Covenants (see Covenanters ) it maintains the doctrine of the universal supremacy of Christ and the authority of his Word both in Church and State.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Redeeming the South: Religious Cultures and Racial Identities among Southern Baptists, 1865–1925 University of North Carolina Press, 1997.
  • Heyrman, Christine Leigh.^ The Independent Presbyterian Church, a small brotherhood in North and South Carolina, was brought into the Southern Assembly in 1863.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These immigrants, entering the port of Philadelphia, spread in great numbers southward, settling in Virginia, North Carolina, and the upper portions of South Carolina.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In at least one denomination, Southern Baptists, right-wing reactionaries managed to get such a stranglehold that it now controls all seminaries and universities.
    • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Southern Cross: The Beginnings of the Bible Belt (1997).
  • Isaac, Rhy. ."Evangelical Revolt: The Nature of the Baptists' Challenge to the Traditional Order in Virginia, 1765 to 1775," William and Mary Quarterly, 3d ser., XXXI (July 1974), 345–68.
  • Leonard, Bill J. Baptist Ways: A History (2003), comprehensive international history
  • Life & Practice in the Early Church: A Documentary Reader, New York University press.^ The cruelty and refinement of the tortures are unparalleled even in the early history of the Church .
    • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ So a timid and fearful Presbytery of New York City, where Bill Silver was "under care" as a candidate for the ministry, overtured the general assembly for "definitive guidance" on this matter.
    • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ His presence imparted new life to its adherents; and his counsels led them to certain practical measures, by which each strengthened the other, and all were united in a common action.
    • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

    2001. pp. 5–7. ISBN 9780814756485.
  • McBeth, H. Leon, (ed.) A Sourcebook for Baptist Heritage (1990), primary sources for Baptist history.
  • McGlothlin, W. J. (ed.) .Baptist Confessions of Faith. Philadelphia: The American Baptist Publication Society, 1911.
  • Pitts, Walter F. Old Ship of Zion: The Afro-Baptist Ritual in the African Diaspora Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • Rawlyk, George.^ A. A. Hodge, Commentary on the Confession of Faith , Philadelphia, 1869; C. Hodge, Discussions in Church Polity , New York, 1879; A. T. McGill, Church Government , Philadelphia, 1889; J. A. Hodge, What is Presby.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These were the Confession of Faith, the Form of Church Government, the Directory for Public Worship, and the Larger and Shorter Catechisms, all of which were voted by an overwhelming majority of the Assembly.
    • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Champions of the Truth: Fundamentalism, Modernism, and the Maritime Baptists (1990), Canada.
  • Spangler, Jewel L. "Becoming Baptists: Conversion in Colonial and Early National Virginia" Journal of Southern History. Volume: 67. Issue: 2. 2001. pp 243+
  • Stringer, Phil.^ Another important work of the Yedo period is the "Dainihonshi", a great history in 243 volumes, written by a commission of scholars.
    • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ VOLUME THIRD- BOOK TWENTY-FOURTH- CHAPTER 26 [ 1 ] Kirkton, History pp.
    • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

    The Faithful Baptist Witness, Landmark Baptist Press, 1998.
  • Torbet, Robert G. A History of the Baptists, Judson Press, 1950.
  • Underhill, Edward B. (ed.). Confessions of Faith and Other Documents of the Baptist Churches of England in the 17th century. London: The Hanserd Knollys Society, 1854.
  • Underwood, A. C. A History of the English Baptists. London: Kingsgate Press, 1947.
  • Wills, Gregory A. Democratic Religion: Freedom, Authority, and Church Discipline in the Baptist South, 1785–1900, Oxford.

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also baptist

Contents

English

Noun

Singular
Baptist
Plural
countable and uncountable; plural Baptists
Baptist (countable and uncountable; plural Baptists)
  1. (uncountable) A Protestant denomination of Christianity, which believes in the baptism of believers, as opposed to the baptism of infants.
  2. (countable) An adherent of this denomination.

Adjective

Baptist (comparative more Baptist, superlative most Baptist)
Positive
Baptist
Comparative
more Baptist
Superlative
most Baptist
  1. Of, relating to, or adhering to the Baptist religious denomination.

Translations


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Baptist, which are similar to those in the above article.








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