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.Baptists are a group of Christian denominations, churches, and individuals who subscribe to a theology of believer's baptism (as opposed to infant baptism), salvation through faith alone, Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, and the autonomy of the local church.^ The Apostles also practiced infant Baptism.
  • Protestant Misunderstanding of Catholics 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is the only rule of faith and practice.
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A historian describes the Baptists as "a denomination of Christians characterised by the maintenance of the notion that immersion is the only authorised and scriptural mode of baptism, and that baptism can only be lawfully administered to those who make a personal profession of their faith, and thus, that infant baptism is contrary to the Word of God."
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.They are generally characterized by the practice of immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling) and a disavowal of authoritative creeds.^ This reference to sprinkling sounds like they have a regular liturgical practice of some sort involving sprinkling along the lines of the sprinkling of the blood as specified in the Old Testament rites.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They receive the three general creeds of the church, the Apostle's, the Nicene, and the Athanasian, or as these are summed up in the creed of Pius V. .
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Advanced Information This term, or "Lutheranism," is employed to refer to the doctrine and practices authoritative in the Lutheran Churches and as a broad term for those churches throughout the world in general.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Baptist churches are regarded as falling within the family of Protestantism, and some churches or individuals further identify with evangelicalism or fundamentalism.^ In regard to theological scholarship the leaders of the church are now in full sympathy with free and fearless inquiry, and scholarship has been amply proved to go along with hearty evangelical zeal.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact the specific churches Van Biema mentions are few and hardly representative of mainstream Protestantism, let alone evangelicalism.

^ Even after the fall of Gustavus Adolphus the Swedish warriors continued for some time to win victories, and still farther to extend the territorial area of Protestantism.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

.Diverse from their beginning, those identifying as Baptists today differ widely from one another in what they believe, how they worship, their attitudes toward other Christians, and their understanding of what is important in Christian discipleship.^ And so in those days it was a common marketing practice for traders that went to the Far East and they came back with spices, precious stones, jewels, and other precious things.
  • The Present Protestant Dilemma - Sermon Notes 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.stepstolife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Through such cooperation, all believers in Christ are able to learn easily how they can understand each other better and esteem each other more, and how the road to the unity of Christians may be made smooth.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But having a difference with the beliefs of another person doesn't make us intolerant toward that person?
  • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: Dr. Bob Jones III Discusses the Controversy Swirling Around Bob Jones University - March 3, 2000 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[1]
.Baptists number over 110 million worldwide in more than 220,000 congregations and are considered the largest world communion of Protestants.^ Great Britain probably comes next with 38,000,000 Protestants (total population 42,500,000) and Germany third with somewhat more than 35,000,000 (total population 56,000,000).
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result of the missionary movement of the 18th and 19th centuries, Lutheranism has become a worldwide communion of Christians and the largest Protestant denomination in the world, with about 80 million members.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ More than 2,000 parish ministers refused obedience to the Act and, on August 24th (St.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[2] 2009 marked the 400th anniversary of the first Baptist congregation.[3]

Contents

Etymology

.The term Baptist comes from the Greek word βαπτιστής (baptistés, "baptist," also used to describe John the Baptist), which is related to the verb βαπτίζω (baptízo, "to baptize, wash, dip, immerse"), and the Latin baptista.^ The very words used to designate the attitude taken at the beginning of the struggle change their meanings before the struggle has come to an end.

^ Ken sez that these instances "cannot" mean something other than siblings, either, because Paul and John could have used other words.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: Replies to Protestants' Alleged Biblical Disproofs of the Perpetual Virginity of Mary (vs. Ken Temple) 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How far this refined distinction, based upon latinized Greek words, is understood by the ordinary worshipper, would be an interesting question.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.The term Baptist as applied to Baptist churches is a modification of the term Anabaptist (which means rebaptizer),[4] and was used into the 19th century as a general epithet for churches which denied the validity of infant baptism, including the Campbellites, Mennonites and Brethren, who are not identified with modern day Baptists.^ On the continent the Anabaptists, Mennonites, and Brethren; in England the Separatists, including Quakers, Baptists and Congregationalists---professed the Free Church principle of dissociating from the doctrines, polity and discipline of the dominant Protestant body in their respective territory.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ KING: But they believe that Christ came back into the Americas in the 19th century.
  • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: Dr. Bob Jones III Discusses the Controversy Swirling Around Bob Jones University - March 3, 2000 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But in 1833 those who took the extreme position of dissent withdrew, forming what is known as the Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church (see above, VIII., 4 ), as distinct from the General Synod.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[5] .The English Anabaptists were called Baptists as early as 1569.[6] The name Anabaptist continued to be applied to English and American Baptists, even after the American Revolution.^ No, but to a visible institution later called the church (and called the Catholic Church very early, by 108 A.D. ) How could this verse be applied today?
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Historians who write in English on either side of the Atlantic talk of so-and-so (even in the early part of the sixteenth century) as a "Protestant" and so-and- so-other as a "Catholic."

[7]

Origins

.Baptist Historian Bruce Gourley outlines four main views of Baptist origins, including the modern scholarly consensus that the denomination traces its origin to the 17th century via the English Separatists, as well as the view that it was an outgrowth of Anabaptist traditions, the perpetuity view which assumes that the Baptist faith and practice has existed since the time of Christ, and the successionist view which argues that Baptist churches actually existed in an unbroken chain since the time of Christ.^ This church traces its origin to the Covenanters (q.v.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The early church did not have the modern view of original sin.
  • Development of Doctrine - North Forest 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On the continent the Anabaptists, Mennonites, and Brethren; in England the Separatists, including Quakers, Baptists and Congregationalists---professed the Free Church principle of dissociating from the doctrines, polity and discipline of the dominant Protestant body in their respective territory.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

[8]

Outgrowth of English Separatism

.The predominant view of Baptist origins is that Baptists came along in historical development in the century after the rise of the original Protestant denominations.^ Side by side with this development went the political struggle between nations originally of Catholic culture and the regions of the new Protestant culture.

^ A Historical Development of the Relationship between the South and the North Korean Protestant Churches: From 1945 to the Beginning 21st century.” Chongshin Theological Journal 13:1 (February 2008): 168-187.
  • Korean History Bibliography: Religion and Philosophy - Christianity 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.hawaii.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The view of suffering by the Word-Faith teaching represents the basic view of many Protestant denominations regarding suffering (although in an extreme form).
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

[9] .It was a time of considerable political and religious turmoil.^ The Formula of Concord (1577), prepared by theologians to resolve disputes among Lutherans, was signed by political leaders to ensure Lutheran unity at a time when renewed religious warfare threatened.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Both individuals and churches were willing to give up their theological roots if they became convinced that a more biblical "truth" had been discovered.^ Shall they give up the trial?
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ But it's hard, since right wingers have both attacked the liberal church and caused those on the left to attack the liberal church, by giving religion such a bad name.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ It laid the ax at the root of liberty, both in Church and State.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

[10]
.This perspective on Baptist history holds that the Baptist faith originated from within the Separatist movement.^ Their influence on the English Separatists (Baptists, Congregationalists, and Quakers) places them in lineal relationship to the Free Church movement in Anglo-Saxon countries.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

.Prior to the Reformation, the Church of England (Anglicans) had broken away from the Catholic Church.^ The new Associate Reformed Church had considerable strength and was scattered over a territory embracing Pennsylvania, New York, New England, and Ohio.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From the perspective of the historical Catholic church, the Protestant Reformation was a schismatic and unbiblical movement (and continues to be so even today).
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The complete extirpation of the Catholic Church, and in fact of everything that stood in their way, was regarded by the reformers as something entirely natural."
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

.Then came the mainstream Protestant Reformation.^ Some of the Protestants who came from Europe belonged to the Reformed Church, and these persuaded Messrs.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[8] .There were some Christians who were not content with the achievements of the mainstream Protestant Reformation.^ Janssen tells us the views of some leading "reformers" on this score: "Luther was content with the expulsion of the Catholics.
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How protestant theology became necessary after Henry’s reforms to reassure the people who would otherwise feel bereft.

^ There are discrepancies between the Biblical passages regarding marriage and the belief and practice of some Protestants.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

[1][11] .There also were Christians who were disappointed that the Church of England had not made corrections of what some considered to be errors and abuses.^ There were crying abuses; and, whereas the Albigenses, a purely destructive movement, deserve little of our sympathy, the poor Waldenses could at least claim that they had reason for the disaffection which made them antagonists of the Church.
  • Insight Scoop | The Ignatius Press Blog: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC insightscoop.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lutheranism is generally friendly to the Ecumenical Movement, and with some exceptions, Lutheran churches have participated in worldwide gatherings of Christians across confessional and denominational boundaries.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first and only time the Church of England has made war on the Crown, was when the Crown had declared its intention of tolerating .
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

.Of those most critical of the Church's direction, some chose to stay and try to make constructive changes from within the Anglican Church.^ One of the largest and most influential churches within the Presbyterian Church USA (one that is center-left in theology, by the way) seems to be moving in the direction of exalting Mary.

^ Most people would not think of meting out some of the punishments described in those pages.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ They were glad to construct a form of Bishops to please the King and Church, and make the milk come without disturbances.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

They became known as "Puritans" and are described by Gourley as cousins of the Separatists. .Others decided they must leave the Church because of their dissatisfaction and became known as the Separatists.^ The other ceremonies of the Roman Church are rejected from the catalogue of sacraments on the grounds either that they .
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ They must not think to escape by abiding within their own seas and shutting themselves out from others.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ William H. Carey was a 22-year-old man studying for the ministry in a United Pentecostal church in Schenectady, NY. In the fall of 1979, he was forced to leave the church when it became known that he was homosexual.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]
.This Separatist view of the origin of Baptists traces the earliest Baptist church back to 1609 in Amsterdam, with John Smyth as its pastor.^ This church traces its origin to the Covenanters (q.v.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The earliest American Presbyterian churches were established in New England, Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia, and were in large part of English origin, their pastors being Church-of-England ministers holding Presbyterian views.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The earliest Lutherans in America can be traced back to the seventeenth century.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

[8] Even prior to that, in 1606, John Smyth, a Fellow of Christ’s College, Cambridge, had broken his ties with the Church of England. .Reared in the Church of England, he became "Puritan, Separatist, and then a Baptist Separatist," and ended his days working with the Mennonites.^ On the continent the Anabaptists, Mennonites, and Brethren; in England the Separatists, including Quakers, Baptists and Congregationalists---professed the Free Church principle of dissociating from the doctrines, polity and discipline of the dominant Protestant body in their respective territory.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was a foregone conclusion that no union should be formed; but that, on the contrary, the Puritan element should once for all be purged out of the Church of England.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Every attempt to give this work to the public in England, says Alexander Robertson, in "The Roman Catholic Church in Italy," has been followed by prosecution.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

[10]:p.23 He began meeting in England with 60-70 English Separatists, in the face of "great danger."[12] The persecution of religious nonconformists in England led Smyth to go into exile in Amsterdam with fellow Separatists from the congregation he had gathered in Lincolnshire, separate from the established church (Anglican). .Smyth and his lay supporter, Thomas Helwys, together with those they led, broke with the other English exiles because Smyth and Helways were convinced they should be baptized as believers.^ Together, they are rearing terrific children and supporting each other in ministry.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: Replies to Protestants' Alleged Biblical Disproofs of the Perpetual Virginity of Mary (vs. Ken Temple) 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In answer to the second question, he pleaded eloquently in support of what he had written, and when challenged for a direct answer, he said: "I cannot submit my faith either to the Pope or the Councils, because it is as clear as the day that they have frequently erred and contradicted each other.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Witness when asked -- Fundamental Evangelicals emphasize that believers are to be constantly witnessing their faith and they use this passage to support this.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

In 1609 Smyth first baptized himself and then baptized the others.[11][13] .In 1609, while still there, Smyth wrote a tract titled "The Character of the Beast," or "The False Constitution of the Church."^ The entrance of the Word gives light, and the light is of so revealing a character that the false claims of the Church are exposed, and her assumed authority is shown in all its naked presumption.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.In it he expressed two propositions: first, infants are not to be baptized; and second, "Antichristians converted are to be admitted into the true Church by baptism."^ By 1948 the two movements had sufficiently matured to fuse at Amsterdam into the World Council of Churches, which has since met regularly in formal assemblies.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This cause had also much to do with the division of the church into the two great parties of Moderates and Evangelicals.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then I contend, that when he said, 'I am the door,' he was literally transubstantiated into a door; and when he said, 'I am the bread which came down from heaven,' he was converted into bread; and when he said, 'I am the true vine,' he was literally changed into a real vine.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

[10]:p.24 .Hence, his conviction was that a scriptural church should consist only of regenerate believers who have been baptized on a personal confession of faith.^ A historian describes the Baptists as "a denomination of Christians characterised by the maintenance of the notion that immersion is the only authorised and scriptural mode of baptism, and that baptism can only be lawfully administered to those who make a personal profession of their faith, and thus, that infant baptism is contrary to the Word of God."
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a desire that laymen, who have to pay the cost, should have more to say in church councils.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Certainly the church has never taught that you can be baptized to affect the salvation of someone who has died.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

He rejected the Separatist movement's doctrine of paedobaptism.[14][15] .Shortly thereafter, Smyth left the group, and layman Thomas Helwys took over the leadership, leading the church back to England in 1611.[8] Ultimately, Smyth became committed to believers' baptism as the only biblical baptism.^ We believe Protestants are indeed "in Christ" by virtue (most specifically) of baptism, and in imperfect communion with the Catholic Church, not "cut off" from either it or the "Body of Christ."
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this picture the Virgin Mary appears on the left, leading a group of female worshipers.

^ Although his statements of affirmation are largely symbolic and certainly are not controlling over any manifestations of the church, we believe he will be able to provide leadership and spiritual inspiration for the congregational, regional and general manifestations.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was convinced on the basis of his interpretation of Scripture that infants would not be damned should they die in infancy.^ They direct that the Scriptures should be understood and received as they were understood by the Christian Fathers.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "You interpret the Scripture in one way, and they interpret it in another," said Mary: "whom shall I believe, and who shall be judge?"
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was no suitable doctrine in a place where a magnificent cathedral, and a gorgeous hierarchy, were maintained in the service of the mass, and should it fall they too would fall.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

[10]:p.25
Smyth, convinced that his self-baptism was invalid, applied with the Mennonites for membership. He died while waiting for membership, and some of his followers became Mennonites. Thomas Helwys and others kept their baptism and their Baptist commitments.[10]:p.25
.According to all authors cited in the present section, the modern Baptist denomination is an outgrowth of Smyth's movement.^ All Jesuits, as disturbers of the public peace, and authors of the present difficulties, shall be banished from the empire.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Southern Baptists alone number 16,000,000 - more than any one of the mainline denominations by leaps and bounds, and well over half as many as all the mainlines combined.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Later, the movement spread to additional denominations, such as the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), the American Baptist Churches, Brethren and Mennonite churches, and the Unitarian Universalist Association.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11] .Wanting neither to be confused with nor identified with Anabaptists, Baptists rejected the name Anabaptist when they were called that by opponents in derision.^ They were by the Scotch People derisively called Tulchan Bishops.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, when the Pope called for a council, Protestants did everything they could to delay it, because they wanted a different type of council.
  • Insight Scoop | The Ignatius Press Blog: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC insightscoop.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.McBeth writes that as late as the eighteenth century, many Baptists referred to themselves as "the Christians commonly—though falsely—called Anabaptists."^ Ken on 30 Oct 2009 at 7:16 pm You people can’t let other hypocrite in the world who call themselves Christians prevent you from calling yourself a Christian.
  • Protestant Pontifications » Coldplay’s Christian Message in Viva la Vida 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.protestantpontifications.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Baptists were associated with the more radical spiritual and political movements in England in the seventeenth century.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Still, though we can see what was at work in the eighteenth century, the men of the time did not.

[16]
.According to Gourley, this view of Baptist origins has the most historical support and is the most widely accepted view of Baptist origins.^ The representatives of most of the historic houses in England were more or less openly supporting the movement.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although PREXAD initially accepted all the recommendations except for those that implied an official recognition of Kinship, most of them disappeared from view .
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Wesleyan Christianity which overran the country and indirectly much of the protestant world, Which originated in Oxford (the most Christian city in the kingdom, according to Hardy).

Representative writers include William H. Whitsitt, Robert G. Torbet, Winthrop S. Hudson, William G. McLoughlin and Robert A. Baker. This position considers the influence of Anabaptists upon early Baptists to be minimal.[8]

Influence of Anabaptists

.This view holds that although Baptists originated from English Separatism, some early Baptists were influenced by some Anabaptists.^ The earliest American Presbyterian churches were established in New England, Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia, and were in large part of English origin, their pastors being Church-of-England ministers holding Presbyterian views.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For the rest, the Anabaptists hold tenets relating to infant baptism, original sin, and inspiration, which have no connection with the Word of God, and are indeed opposed to it .
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ President Clinton's own Baptist pastor has met with hostility for not ousting the nation's chief executive from his church for holding liberal views on homosexuality and abortion.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to this view, the Dutch Mennonites (Anabaptists) shared some similarities with General Baptists (believer's baptism, religious liberty, separation of church and state, and Arminian views of salvation, predestination and original sin).^ Liberals believe in the separation of church and state first and foremost.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Besides this the Anabaptists separate themselves from the churches .
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He had, too, received legal guarantees from the State that the abolished jurisdiction would not be restored, and that the Protestant Church would have liberty and protection given it in the exercise of its worship and the administration of its discipline.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, there were significant differences between Anabaptists and Baptists.^ There is difference also between a wife and a virgin.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a great difference between the two.
  • Insight Scoop | The Ignatius Press Blog: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC insightscoop.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But there is a big difference between the More Light Churches in the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) and their counterparts in other denominations.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Anabaptists tended towards extreme pacifism. .They promoted communal sharing of earthly goods,[citation needed] did not practice baptism by immersion, an unorthodox optimistic view of human nature[citation needed].^ They know their own human nature, they know the human nature that's in the real world and they know that but by the grace of God there would be no difference between them and the real world.
  • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: Dr. Bob Jones III Discusses the Controversy Swirling Around Bob Jones University - March 3, 2000 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

Therefore, few Baptists hold to this theory of Baptist origins. Representative writers include A. C. Underwood and William R. Estep. .Gorley writes that among some contemporary Baptist scholars who emphasize the faith of the community over soul liberty, the Anabaptist influence theory is making a comeback.^ He is said by some to have had a companion at the stake, George Gurmyn, with whom, as it came out on his examination, he had often communed about the matters of their common faith.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He was in due time followed by Jesuits and seminary priests, and the secret influence of these men soon made itself manifest in the open defection of some who had hitherto professed the Protestant faith.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus did he explode the opus operatum, that great mystic charm which Rome had substituted for faith, and the blessed Spirit who works in the soul by means of it.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

[8]
The relations between Baptists and Anabaptists were early strained. In 1624 the then five existing Baptist churches of London issued an anathema against the Anabaptists.[17]. .Today there is little dialogue between Anabaptist organizations (such and the Mennonite World Conference) and the Baptist bodies.^ In like manner, when we pray for the church, either in the whole world, or in a particular country, or city, we surely do not mean the Presbyterian, or Episcopal, or Methodist church, or any one organized body.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the continent the Anabaptists, Mennonites, and Brethren; in England the Separatists, including Quakers, Baptists and Congregationalists---professed the Free Church principle of dissociating from the doctrines, polity and discipline of the dominant Protestant body in their respective territory.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In that age the two shared the world between themother competitor there was none.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]

Baptist belief in perpetuity

Prior to the 20th century, Baptist historians generally wrote from the perspective that Baptists had existed since the times of Christ.[18] .The Baptist perpetuity view considers the Baptist movement to have always been historically separate from Catholicism and in existence prior to the Protestant Reformation.^ From the perspective of the historical Catholic church, the Protestant Reformation was a schismatic and unbiblical movement (and continues to be so even today).
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Views of Catholic and Protestant Historians A. Johann von Dollinger "Historically nothing is more incorrect than the assertion that the Reformation was a movement in favour of intellectual freedom.
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But Psychology, Catholicism, and the Bible all disagree with the Protestant view.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

[19] .The historians who advocate this position consider Baptists and Anabaptists as one and the same people and point out that many Reformation era historians and apologists considered the Anabaptists to pre-date the Reformation.^ The progress which the reforming spirit had made, even among the German ecclesiastics, may be judged of from the indifference of many who were deeply interested in the maintenance of the old system.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Southern Baptists alone number 16,000,000 - more than any one of the mainline denominations by leaps and bounds, and well over half as many as all the mainlines combined.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Bret L. McAtee (anti-Catholic Reformed Protestant pastor) You are one of the most thoughtful and careful apologists out there.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: Replies to Protestants' Alleged Biblical Disproofs of the Perpetual Virginity of Mary (vs. Ken Temple) 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[20] For example, Cardinal Hosius (1504–1579), a Roman Catholic prelate of the sixteenth century, wrote,
.
For not so long ago I read the edict of the other prince who lamented the fate of the Anabaptists who, so we read, were pronounced heretics twelve hundred years ago and deserving of capital punishment.^ There was a time, not all that long ago, actually, when Catholics and Protestants deeply mistrusted each other, or even worse.

^ The archbishop rose, and solemnly pronounced sentence on Hamilton as a heretic, delivering him over to the secular arm that is, to his own soldiers and executioners to be punished.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ban on instrumental accompaniment was long ago removed and pipe-organs and other instruments of music are now in general use.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.He wanted them to be heard and not taken as condemned without a hearing."^ It were unjust, they said, to condemn him without knowing whether he were the author of the incriminated books, and without hearing what he had to say in defense of his opinions.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His appeal was grounded on the four following points:First, because he stood condemned without having been heard, and without any reason or proof assigned of his being in error.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

[21]
.Baptist historian John T. Christian writes in the introduction to his History of the Baptists: "I have throughout pursued the scientific method of investigation, and I have let the facts speak for themselves.^ Ken on 30 Oct 2009 at 7:16 pm You people can’t let other hypocrite in the world who call themselves Christians prevent you from calling yourself a Christian.
  • Protestant Pontifications » Coldplay’s Christian Message in Viva la Vida 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.protestantpontifications.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Let me assure you that there were and are lots and lots of us, throughout history, as confirmed by a growing number of historians, including John Boswell [ 3 ].
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All we have to do is let the man speak for himself, and observe the fruits in history of his heresies and schism.
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

.I have no question in my own mind that there has been a historical succession of Baptists from the days of Christ to the present time."^ In my view, these have fallen on hard times in the last 10 years, with a predilection to present most guests as freaks.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There’s been much discussion these days about "the new American Empire" and the need for Jesus’ followers to stand against it as he stood against the imperial powers of his own time.

^ There could be no permanent safety for the liberties of England, they believed, till the duke's succession was declared illegal.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

[22]
.The perpetuity view is often identified with The Trail of Blood, a successionist pamphlet by J.M. Carrol published in 1931[23] Other Baptist writers holding the perpetuity view are Thomas Crosby, G.H. Orchard, J.M. Cramp, William Cathcart, Adam Taylor and D.B. Ray[24][25] This view was also held by English Baptist preacher, Charles Spurgeon[26] as well as Jesse Mercer, the namesake of Mercer University.^ He had often protested his zeal on this head to the emperor, and Charles sympathised largely with his views, as the world would yet come to know.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ President Clinton's own Baptist pastor has met with hostility for not ousting the nation's chief executive from his church for holding liberal views on homosexuality and abortion.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Martin Players will present Mark Twain’s “The Diaries of Adam and Eve” on Tuesday and Wednesday, March 24-25 in Martin Hall Auditorium.

[27]

Baptists in North America

.Both Roger Williams and John Clarke, his compatriot in working for religious freedom, are variously credited as founding the earliest Baptist church in North America.^ I found such a community in the local Episcopal church both in the prior community where I lived (Washington, DC) and my present community (Phoenix, AZ.) .
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ To his credit, he remained tolerant, an exception to the rule, as was William Penn, who was persecuted by Protestants in England and founded the tolerant colony of Pennsylvania.
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The church carries on foreign mission work in India, and sustains mission stations in various parts of the United States.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[28] .In 1639, Williams established a Baptist church in Providence, Rhode Island, and Clarke began a Baptist church in Newport, Rhode Island.^ Presbyterian churches of English origin, however, were established in Long Island, among which are to be noted Southold (1640) and Jamaica (1656).
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Baptist Roger Williams was banished from Massachusetts in 1635 and founded tolerant Rhode Island (92:208).
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Reformed Presbyterian Church began its existence in America in 1774, through the organization of a presbytery in that year by the Rev. John Cuthbertson, William Lind, and Alexander Dobbin.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.According to a Baptist historian who has researched the matter extensively, "There is much debate over the centuries as to whether the Providence or Newport church deserved the place of 'first' Baptist congregation in America.^ Sacerdotalism, therefore, whether in connection with the sacraments, or enforced liturgies, or priestly vestments, has no place in the worship of the Presbyterian churches.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And if it gets political, the reason is often that complacent churches and denominations allowed the injustice to happen in the first place or even abetted it.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Argyle had protested against the execution of Charles I, and when England rejected the son, Argyle was the first to invite Charles to Scotland, and he it was who placed the crown of that ancient kingdom upon his head.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

Exact records for both congregations are lacking."[9]

Baptist associations

Christian Denominations
in English-speaking countries
.Many Baptist churches choose to associate with associational groups that provide fellowship without control.^ Although his statements of affirmation are largely symbolic and certainly are not controlling over any manifestations of the church, we believe he will be able to provide leadership and spiritual inspiration for the congregational, regional and general manifestations.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the same current that carried these Scotch and Scotch-Irish in such large numbers to America were many who were affiliated with the Associate Church of Scotland.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Soon the churches began to feel the need of closer fellowship with one another and were ready for associations in which a number of churches could unite in Christian fellowship and service.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The largest Baptist association is the Southern Baptist Convention, but there are many other Baptist associations.^ Malcolm C Fenwick in the History of the Korea Baptist Convention.” Baptist History and Heritage (6 January 1971): 45-48.
  • Korean History Bibliography: Religion and Philosophy - Christianity 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.hawaii.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Southern Baptists alone number 16,000,000 - more than any one of the mainline denominations by leaps and bounds, and well over half as many as all the mainlines combined.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Other members, ministers and student ministers reside in many parts of the U.S.A. A NGPA missionary works in Ghana, and there are also members and student ministers around the world.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are also autonomous churches that remain independent of any denomination, organization, or association.^ In 1822 this synod withdrew from the Associate Reformed Church, became independent, and assumed 234 its present name.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ JDA.] Nonetheless, the decade long dialogue between the denomination and the Council, the nation's largest ecumenical organization, has indelibly impressed the broader church.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The synod of Otago provided that it should continue its separate existence as an independent church organization for the sake of preserving its interest in and control of the endowment it had received from the company.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[29]
In 1905, Baptists worldwide formed the Baptist World Alliance (BWA). The BWA now counts over 200 Baptist conventions and unions worldwide with over 37 million members.[2] .The BWA's goals include caring for the needy, leading in world evangelism and defending human rights and religious freedom.^ Laying-On of Hands Healing Evangelism Slavery No One is Righteous Religious Life Segregation .
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

Though it played a role in the founding of the BWA, the Southern Baptist Convention severed its affiliation with BWA in 2004.[30]

Membership

Statistics

.According to the Barna Group researchers, Baptists are the largest denominational grouping of born again Christians in the U.S. Barna defines Born again Christians as "people who said they have made a personal commitment to Jesus Christ that is still important in their life today and who also indicated they believe that when they die they will go to Heaven because they had confessed their sins and had accepted Jesus Christ as their savior."^ If they are necessary, if they apply today, then Jesus did not do what he said he did.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Jesus was crucified for educating the masses and giving them access to personally build a relationship with God......where only the high priest at that time were privileged to get close to God because they were able to read and were supposedly highly educated.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Though we differ over many matters of faith and practice, all orthodox (with a small 'o', meaning right-believing) Christians are unified in our confession of one triune God who was preeminently revealed in Jesus Christ, the one who is both "true God" and "truly human," according to the Nicene Creed.

[31] A 2009 ABCNEWS/Beliefnet phone poll of 1,022 adults suggests that fifteen percent of Americans identify themselves as Baptists.[32]
.Besides North America and Europe, large populations of Baptists also exist in Asia, Africa and Latin America, notably in India (2.4 million), Nigeria (2.5 million), Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) (1.9 million), and Brazil (1.7 million).^ As you may know, part of what is intriguing about the election of the next Pope is the possibility that this person might come from the Southern Hemisphere, either Latin America (where 40% of the world's Catholics live) or Africa (which has a large and growing Catholic population).

[2]
.According to a poll in the 1990s, about one in five Christians in the United States claims to be a Baptist.^ The independence of the United States had created new conditions for the Christian churches as well as for the American people.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This paper aims to describe the lesbian and gay liberation movement in the Christian Churches of the United States during the 1970s, 1980s, and into the 1990s.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the late 1970s groups of lesbian and gay Christian Scientists were meeting in at least six cities in the United States and Great Britain.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] U.S. Baptists are represented in more than fifty separate groups.^ Southern Baptists alone number 16,000,000 - more than any one of the mainline denominations by leaps and bounds, and well over half as many as all the mainlines combined.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The general meant that the army should subsist by plunder; and fifty thousand would cost the emperor no more than twenty thousand, for neither would cost him anything.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It numbered in the sixteenth century fifty convents, and more than a thousand monks and nuns.
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

Ninety-two percent of Baptists are found in five of those bodies—the Southern Baptist Convention (SBC); National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. (NBC); National Baptist Convention of America, Inc.; (NBCA); American Baptist Churches in the USA (ABC); and Baptist Bible Fellowship International (BBFI).[33]
Part of the 6th century Madaba Map showing Aenon and Bethabara, places of baptism of St. John (Βεθαβαρά τὸ τοῦ ἁγίου Ἰωάννου τοῦ βαπτίσματος)

Qualifications

The primary external qualification for membership in a Baptist church is baptism.[34] .General Baptist churches will accept into membership people who have made a profession of faith but have not been baptized as a believer.^ Since the formation of the general assembly the church has made continuous progress, notwithstanding the heavy drain which emigration has made on its membership.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But in 1833 those who took the extreme position of dissent withdrew, forming what is known as the Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church (see above, VIII., 4 ), as distinct from the General Synod.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood , an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

These are included as members alongside baptized members in the statistics. .Some Baptist churches do not have an age restriction on membership, but will not accept as a member a child who is considered too young to fully understand and make a profession of faith of their own volition and comprehension.^ All members are expected to constantly witness their faith if they consider themselves to be mature believers.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was proposed that the bishop should keep his place at the head of the Church and wield its government, but that in doing so he should to some extent make use of the machinery of Presbyterianism.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was in due time followed by Jesuits and seminary priests, and the secret influence of these men soon made itself manifest in the open defection of some who had hitherto professed the Protestant faith.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

In such cases, the pastor and parents usually meet together with the child to verify the child's comprehension of the decision to follow Jesus. .There are instances where persons make a profession of faith but fail to follow through with believers' baptism.^ 'No persons shall be denied membership because of race, ethnic origins, worldly condition, or any other reason not related to profession of faith.'"
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His head was affixed to the Netherbow, and there it remained, blackening in the sun, through all the dark years of persecution that followed.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But there was no question in my mind that we shared the same basic faith in God who has made himself know through Jesus Christ.

In such cases they are considered saved and usually eligible for membership. Baptists do not believe that baptism has anything to do with salvation. It is considered a public expression of one's inner repentance and faith.[9]
.Baptists believe that the act of baptism is a symbolic display of the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus.^ Surprisingly, she is not mentioned as a resurrection witness, though odds are that she did indeed see Jesus alive after death.

^ The king's death, for instance, has been set down as the act of an assassin, and the Swedes generally believed that the perpetrator of the base act was Francis, Duke of Lauenburg.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Under this Act it was lawful to believe in baptismal regeneration, but a crime to administer baptism without the sign of the cross.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] When a person who has already been saved and confessed Christ submits to scriptural baptism, he or she is publicly identifying with Christ in His death to old self, burial of past sinful thought and action, and resurrection in newness of life, to walk with Christ the remainder of their days.^ The prisoner next confessed his faith in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, "as the council of the Three Persons of the Trinity," that they were sufficient for man's salvation, and that he was resolved to guide himself by their light, and willing to submit to their authority, and also to that of the "saints and doctors of Christ," so far as their teaching agreed with the Word of God.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They who thought that the State should confine its attention to secular affairs and leave the church alone, were called New Lights, and the others received the name Old Lights.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The man who wrote this confession in the days of Archbishop Whitgift was a Puritan in faith."
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
.Some churches, especially in the UK, do not require members to have been baptized as a believer, so long as they have made a believer's declaration of faith—for example, been confirmed in the Anglican church, or become communicant members as Presbyterians.^ The swearer was also required to subscribe a declaration that he did not believe in Transubstantiation.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In October, 1900, a large majority of its ministers, elders, and members united with the United Presbyterian Church and 214 formed the United Free Church (see above, 2 ).
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1836, this presbytery changed its title to that of "The London Presbytery in Communion with the Church of Scotland," while in 1839 the Scottish Assembly counseled its members to organize themselves as "The Presbyterian Synod in England."
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] In these cases, believers would usually transfer their memberships from their previous churches.^ If Protestant teachers truly believed in Sola Scriptura they would allow for divorce for these two cases only .
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Had it been as Mary believed, no long time would have elapsed till his head had fallen on the scaffold, and with it, in all human reckoning, would have fallen the Protestant Church of his native land.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The reality is that many Protestant church leaders believe that they have the true doctrines and beliefs, and they expect their members to learn these and believe them.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

.This allows people who have grown up in one tradition, but now feel settled in their local Baptist church, to fully take part in the day to day life of the church, voting at meetings, etc.^ Truths they had heard a hundred times over, of which they had grown weary, acquired a freshness, a novelty, and a power that made them feel as if they heard them now for the first time.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a Protestant I noticed that the people in my church were like-minded with me — the same race, socio-economic status, etc.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is also possible, but unusual, to be baptized without becoming a church member immediately.^ This verse emphasizes becoming members of the church founded by Jesus.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

Baptist beliefs and principles

Part of a series of articles on
Baptists
Baptism logo.jpg
Historical Background
Protestantism · Puritanism · Anabaptism
Soteriology
General · Strict · Reformed
.Baptists, like other Christians, are defined by doctrine—some of it common to all orthodox and evangelical groups and a portion of it importantly distinctive.^ His presence imparted new life to its adherents; and his counsels led them to certain practical measures, by which each strengthened the other, and all were united in a common action.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the evenings we'd go to the "Long House" for concerts from some of the leading contemporary Christian artists, folks like Amy Grant, Michael W. Smith, MercyMe, etc.

^ Then came the fruits, some of which were served in silver, and others on the boughs of the very trees on which they had grown, and which had been transferred root and all into the banqueting-room.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

[35] .Through the years, different Baptist groups have issued confessions of faith—without considering them to be creeds—to express their particular doctrinal distinctions in comparison to other Christians as well as in comparison to other Baptists.^ It is necessary to bear in mind in considering the Presbyterian polity that the word "presbyterian," while at one time designating the adherent of a Particular form of church government, has come to have a doctrinal as well as an ecclesiastical significance.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Scotland laid aside her simple creed, and accepted in its room an elaborate "Confession of Faith," composed by an Assembly of English divines.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Historically, we Protestants have tended to emphasize our theological differences from other Christians rather than highlighting our unity in Christ.

[3] .Most Baptists are evangelical in doctrine, but Baptist beliefs can vary due to the congregational governance system that gives autonomy to individual local Baptist churches.^ In 1805 a Welsh church was organized in Steuben, Oneida County, New York, as a union church with the Congregational form of government.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Of Church Courts: The distinguishing feature of Presbyterian government is the church court, the government of representative bodies, and not of individuals.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Episcopal Church, while not yet affirming gay clergy, has a form of government that permits local bishops to make the choice.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Historically, Baptists have played a key role in encouraging religious freedom and separation of church and state.^ It was not the State in Scotland that gave freedom to the Church: it was the Church that gave freedom to the State.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The founding fathers recognized that for a democratic society (such as they were trying to create) to succeed, the church (any church) must be separated from the state.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ And instead of separating themselves from their parent churches (the Jewish synagogues) they were actively engaged in them until the religious opposition grew too strident.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[36]
.Shared doctrines would include beliefs about one God; the virgin birth; miracles; atonement through the death for sins, burial, and bodily resurrection of Jesus; the Trinity; the need for salvation (through belief in Jesus Christ as the son of God, his death and resurrection, and confession of Christ as Lord); grace; the Kingdom of God; last things (Jesus Christ will return personally and visibly in glory to the earth, the dead will be raised, and Christ will judge everyone in righteousness); and evangelism and missions.^ God has raised one Man from the dead, the Lord Jesus Christ, that he might destroy death, expiate sin, and shut the gates of hell.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (The death of the Son of God for us sinners is a mystery equal, maybe even greater than his Incarnation.

^ "Though they should kindle a fire," said he, "all the way from Worms to Wittemberg, the flames of which reached to heaven, I would walk through it in the name of the Lord, I would appear before them, I would enter the jaws of this Behemoth, and confess the Lord Jesus Christ between his teeth."
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

.Some historically significant Baptist doctrinal documents include the 1689 London Baptist Confession of Faith, 1742 Philadelphia Baptist Confession, the 1833 New Hampshire Baptist Confession of Faith, the Southern Baptist Convention's Baptist Faith and Message, and written church covenants which some individual Baptist churches adopt as a statement of their faith and beliefs.^ A new name was adopted: United Church Coalition for Gay Concerns.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In southern California, for example, three ONA churches produced a video, Open and Affirming: A Journey of Faith , which was released in 1992 by the United Church Board for Homeland Ministries.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Reformed Presbytery adopted as its constitution the doctrinal standards and polity of the church during the period of the Second Reformation.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Most Baptists hold that no church or ecclesiastical organization has inherent authority over a Baptist church.^ A Welsh Baptist church was organized in the Great Valley, Pa., in 1711 by Rev. Hugh Davis, and in 1796 another in Ebensburg, Pa.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ President Clinton's own Baptist pastor has met with hostility for not ousting the nation's chief executive from his church for holding liberal views on homosexuality and abortion.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The England of their day was no free country in which they were at liberty to organize and carry on their Church in a state of secession.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.Churches can properly relate to each other under this polity only through voluntary cooperation, never by any sort of coercion.^ In 1901 the Evangelistic Committee was established, through whose efforts a decided uplift has been given to spiritual conditions, not only within the Presbyterian Church, but also among many other denominational churches.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While, on the one hand, this new episcopacy was being cast down, the Church was laboring, on the other, to build up and perfect her scheme of Presbyterian polity.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Church-members, as to their conduct, are under the control of the church through the pastors and elders as guides in the Christian life, and subject to discipline by the session for offenses ( Matt.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

Furthermore, this Baptist polity calls for freedom from governmental control.[37] .Exceptions to this local form of local governance include a few churches that submit to the leadership of a body of elders, as well as the Episcopal Baptists that have an Episcopal system.^ I found such a community in the local Episcopal church both in the prior community where I lived (Washington, DC) and my present community (Phoenix, AZ.) .
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ This number includes recent moderators of the Presbyterian Church as well as every other category of member in every Christian denomination.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is necessary to bear in mind in considering the Presbyterian polity that the word "presbyterian," while at one time designating the adherent of a Particular form of church government, has come to have a doctrinal as well as an ecclesiastical significance.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

Baptists generally believe in the literal Second Coming of Christ. .Beliefs among Baptists regarding the "end times" include amillennialism, dispensationalism, and historic premillennialism, with views such as postmillennialism and preterism receiving some support.^ But, lest I sound too negative about Van Biema's article, I did find it to include some fascinating tidbits regarding Mary in Protestant piety.

^ The pastors of these denominations are ordained and believe they have a Biblical mandate for their authority citing such passages as 1 Tim 3:2-13 and Titus 1:5-9 to support their views.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are discrepancies between the Biblical passages regarding marriage and the belief and practice of some Protestants.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

Some additional distinctive Baptist principles held by many Baptists include the following:[38]:p.2
  • The supremacy of the canonical Scriptures as a norm of faith and practice. .For something to become a matter of faith and practice, it is not sufficient for it to be merely consistent with and not contrary to scriptural principles.^ This divine sovereignty finds practical expression in the Presbyterian system, through its organizing principle, the sovereignty of the word of God as the supreme and infallible rule of faith and practise.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    It must be something explicitly ordained through command or example in the Bible. .For instance, this is why Baptists do not practice infant baptism—they say the Bible neither commands nor exemplifies infant baptism as a Christian practice, even though nowhere does the Bible forbid it.^ The emperor viewed the contemplated conquests as sound in principle, and he could not see why they should not be found as easily practicable as they were undoubtedly right.
    • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Nowhere does the Bible teach what a worship service should be like.
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Bible nowhere forbids religious images and icons .
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    .More than any other Baptist principle, this one when applied to infant baptism is said to separate Baptists from other evangelical Christians.
  • Similarly prominent is their insistence on regenerate ("saved") members who have received Believers' Baptism.^ Folks who seem to think it means the former somehow think they get off easier than others, somehow.
    • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Jones and all the judges who refused to bend were removed, and others put in their room, who were more at the devotion of the king.
    • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Historically, we Protestants have tended to emphasize our theological differences from other Christians rather than highlighting our unity in Christ.

    .To Baptists, the "church universal" is the entire body of those who have personally become partakers of the salvation of Christ.
  • Baptists believe that faith is a matter between God and the individual (religious freedom).^ Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church.
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "And I believe that, this Christ, our Savior, after that He had ordained this most worthy Sacrament of His own precious body, went forth willingly...
    • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Faith lays hold on that which the Sacrament represents, signifies, and sealseven the promise of God; and the soul resting on that promise has grace and salvation.
    • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

    To them it means the advocacy of absolute liberty of conscience.
  • Insistence on immersion as the only mode of baptism. Baptists do not believe that baptism is necessary for salvation. .Therefore, they do not consider it to be a sacrament, since it imparts no saving grace.^ They say that since all believers are priests there is no clergy.
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Protestant teachers consider this phrase as merely a figure of speech since they don't really believe that there is a priesthood anymore.
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Sacerdotalism, therefore, whether in connection with the sacraments, or enforced liturgies, or priestly vestments, has no place in the worship of the Presbyterian churches.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    [38]
The following acrostic backronym, spelling BAPTIST, represents a useful summary of Baptists' distinguishing beliefs:[39]
.
  • Biblical authority (Matthew 24:35; 1 Peter 1:23; 2 Timothy 3:16-17)
  • Autonomy of the local church (Matt. 18:15–17; 1 Cor.^ The church is organized in 15 presbyteries, 166 congregations, 377 church-buildings with accommodation for 70,000 worshippers, and 18,000 communicant members, with contributions of £75,000 annually.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Cor 10:17,18) .
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Cor 10:16-18) .
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    .6:1-3)
  • Priesthood of all believers (1 Peter 2:5-9; 1 Timothy 5)
  • Two ordinances (believer's baptism and the Lord's Supper) (Acts 2:41–47; 1 Cor.^ Had not the Apostle Peter, addressing all believers, said, "Ye are a royal priesthood"?
    • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Under this Act it was lawful to believe in baptismal regeneration, but a crime to administer baptism without the sign of the cross.
    • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This Act required, "That all persons bearing any office, or place of trust and profit, shall take the oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance in public and open court, and shall also receive the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper according to the usage of the Church of England."
    • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

    11:23-32)
  • Individual soul liberty (Romans 14:5–12)
  • Separation of Church and State (Matthew 22:15–22)
  • Two offices of the church (pastor-elder and deacon) (1 Timothy 3:1-13; Titus 1–2)
Most Baptist traditions believe in the "Four Freedoms" articulated by Baptist historian Walter B. Shurden:[3]
  • Soul freedom: the soul is competent before God, and capable of making decisions in matters of faith without coercion or compulsion by any larger religious or civil body
  • Church freedom: freedom of the local church from outside interference, whether government or civilian (subject only to the law where it does not interfere with the religious teachings and practices of the church)
  • Bible freedom: the individual is free to interpret the Bible for himself or herself, using the best tools of scholarship and biblical study available to the individual
  • Religious freedom: the individual is free to choose whether to practice their religion, another religion, or no religion; Separation of church and state is often called the "civil corollary" of religious freedom

Beliefs that vary among Baptists

Protestantism
95Thesen.jpg
The Reformation
History

Pre-Reformation movements

Reformation era movements
.Since there is no hierarchical authority and each Baptist church is autonomous, there is no official set of Baptist theological beliefs.^ Church leaders assumed that there were no homosexuals among their members: the categories "Adventist" and "homosexual" were regarded as mutually exclusive.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the Reformation, a school had existed in every town and village in which there was a church.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This court had no legislative authority, but had mainly advisory functions, the general work of each separate provincial church being reported to it.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[40] Baptists have fractured into numerous divisions, sects, and groups. Although they agree on many things, their differences are enough to keep them apart. .Despite some common doctrines and practices which characterize the greater part of Baptists, there are many beliefs and practices which vary from church to church and among associations.^ There followed, wherever their doctrine was received, a reformation of manners, and in some places a purging of the public worship by the removal of idolatrous symbols.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some hundreds of raw untaught young men were brought from that part of Scotland, drafted into the Church, and taught to do duty as curates.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the New Hebrides there is now a strong native church, some islands being entirely Christian.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Some doctrinal issues on which there is widespread difference among Baptists are eschatology, Calvinism and Arminianism), the doctrine of separation from "the world" and whether to associate with those who are "of the world, glossolalia (speaking in tongues)[41], how the Bible should be interpreted (hermeneutics), the extent to which missionary boards should be used to support missionaries, the extent to which non-members may participate in the Lord's Supper services, which translation of Scripture to use from the pulpit and in Bible classes (see King-James-Only movement),[42] the very nature of Gospel, the role of women in marriage, and the ordination of women as deacons or pastors.^ He really had very little use for women.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Its members were all those who made profession of the Gospel; its law was the Bible, and its King was Christ.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kings were then her vassals, and she had only to speak to be obeyed.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

[43]
.Some of the smaller Baptist groups are devoted to some peculiar traditional practice or doctrine.^ That was more pronounced among Presbyterians, some Baptists and others with a strong Calvinist tradition.

^ They claim that the Bible is to be the sole authority in matters of faith, doctrine, belief, and practice; and that traditions are to be rejected.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some may be surprised to learn that certain Protestant doctrines and practices have no biblical support whatsoever but were invented by the Protestant "Reformers" or by later developments of Protestantism.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Some Primitive Baptists practice the laying on of hands after baptism and footwashing, as do some Freewill Baptists.^ For those who have Sola Scriptura as their foundation there is no basis for practice the laying on of hands in any other manner than that specified by the Bible.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the New Testament there are two basic reasons for practicing the laying on of hands: .
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The practice of having the congregation lay hands is not specified in the Bible.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Seventh Day Baptists insist biblical worship should be conducted on the traditional Sabbath (Saturday) rather than on Sunday.^ Fearing a tumult should he conduct Hamilton to prison in open day, the officer waited till night-fall before executing the mandate of the archbishop.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On Sunday only did the preacher of the regiment conduct public worship, the soldiers with their families being assembled before him, and seated orderly upon the ground.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Festivals should cease, as but affording occasions for idleness and all kinds of vicious indulgences, and the Sabbath should be the only day on which men ought to abstain from working.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

.Landmarkism holds to strict closed communion wherein only the members of the church can participate in the Lord's Supper.^ In 1836, this presbytery changed its title to that of "The London Presbytery in Communion with the Church of Scotland," while in 1839 the Scottish Assembly counseled its members to organize themselves as "The Presbyterian Synod in England."
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The name "catholic" or "universal" is therefore the exclusive property of no one communion or denomination, and all churches holding to the fundamentals of the Christian religion are churches of Christ.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The marchioness asked only that she might be permitted to name the ministers who should assist him at the approaching celebration of the Lord's Supper.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

On the other hand, some Baptists have embraced modernistic trends, such as The Alliance of Baptists which officially affirms homosexual relationships[44]

Controversies which have shaped Baptists

Baptists have faced many controversies in their 400-year history, controversies of the level of crises. .Baptist historian Walter Shurden says the word "crisis" comes from the Greek word meaning "to decide."^ The historian Burner, who witnessed his execution, says that "on the ladder he spoke an hour with the composedness of one who was delivering a sermon rather than his last words."
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Whatever thou or such other say, I say that the pilgrimage that now is used is to them that do it a praiseworthy and a good means to come to grace."
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

Shurden writes that contrary to the presumed negative view of crises, some controversies that reach a crisis level may actually be "positive and highly productive." He claims that even schism, though never ideal, has often produced positive results. In his opinion crises among Baptists each have become decision-moments that shaped their future.[45] Some controversies which have shaped Baptists are:
  • Landmark crisis
  • Missions crisis
  • Modernist crisis
  • Racial crisis

Missions crisis

.Early in the 19th century, the rise of the modern missions movement, and the backlash against it, led to widespread and bitter controversy among the American Baptists.^ From an early date Scotland had been in course of preparation for the part it was to act in the great movement of the sixteenth century.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Later, the movement spread to additional denominations, such as the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), the American Baptist Churches, Brethren and Mennonite churches, and the Unitarian Universalist Association.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46] During this era, the American Baptists were split between missionary and anti-missionary. .A substantial secession of Baptists went into the movement led by Alexander Campbell, to return to a more fundamental church.^ The More Light Church movement began soon after the close of the 190th General Assembly in 1978.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some theologians have read a great deal into this text, but seeing Mary as the mother of the church is adding more than the text itself provides.

^ When the 1st of November came, four hundred ministers more than a third of the Scottish clergy rose up, and quitting their manses, their churches, and their parishes, went forth with their families into banishment.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

[47]

Slavery crisis

.Leading up to the American Civil War, Baptists became embroiled in the controversy over slavery in the United States.^ The largest and, with one exception, the oldest of the American Presbyterian churches is the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, and into it have been gathered elements from all the others.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ About this time a lively discussion began concerning the relation of the church to the civil government of the United States.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The independence of the United States had created new conditions for the Christian churches as well as for the American people.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Whereas in the First Great Awakening, Methodist and Baptist preachers had opposed slavery and urged manumission, over the decades they made more of an accommodation with the institution.^ "The king's marriage with Popery and France," says Dr. Kennet, "was a more inauspicious omen than the great plague that signalized the first year of his reign."
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They began to despair of the King of the Scots prematurely, we think; but they were naturally more impatient than James, seeing the restoration of their Church was with them the first object, whereas with James it was only the second, and the English crown was the first.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

They worked with slaveholders in the South to urge a paternalistic institution. Both denominations made direct appeals to slaves and free blacks for conversion. The Baptists particularly allowed them active roles in congregations. By the mid-19th century, northern Baptists tended to oppose slavery. .As tensions increased, in 1844 the Home Mission Society declared that a slave owner could not be a missionary under its patronage.^ Engaged in strictly mission work, they could render but little missionary service to their brethren in black.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the time of the reunion with the Presbyterian Church the board of missions (at St. Louis) was sustaining twenty-six foreign missionaries, besides doing an extensive mission work at home.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1840 the Foreign Missionary Society was established, and the first missionary sent to Khassia Hills in northeast India, a mission being founded in Brittany two years later.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Southern Baptist Convention formed in 1845, founded on the premise that the Bible sanctions slavery and that it is acceptable for Christians to own slaves.^ In 1993 one prestigious Southern Baptist church authorized and witnessed the marriage of a gay couple and another licensed a gay preacher, suffering repercussions from the Southern Baptist Convention.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Southern Baptist Convention voted June 20, 1995, to adopt a resolution renouncing its racist roots and apologizing for its past defense of slavery.^ In 1993 one prestigious Southern Baptist church authorized and witnessed the marriage of a gay couple and another licensed a gay preacher, suffering repercussions from the Southern Baptist Convention.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.More than 20,000 Southern Baptists registered for the meeting in Atlanta.^ More than 2,000 parish ministers refused obedience to the Act and, on August 24th (St.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Ministers' Orphan Society has invested funds amounting to more than £18,000 and an annual income of over £900.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The number of aborigines, who live mainly in the north, has been estimated at 12,000, but the race is so nomadic that this is little more than a guess.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The resolution declared that messengers, as SBC delegates are called, "unwaveringly denounce racism, in all its forms, as deplorable sin" and "lament and repudiate historic acts of evil such as slavery from which we continue to reap a bitter harvest."^ In the Parliament that met on November 9th, 1685, James declared his resolution of forming a standing army, and of entrusting Romanists with commissions in it.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

It offered an apology to all African-Americans for "condoning and/or perpetuating individual and systemic racism in our lifetime" and repentance for "racism of which we have been guilty, whether consciously or unconsciously." .Although Southern Baptists have condemned racism in the past, this was the first time the predominantly white convention had dealt specifically with the issue of slavery.^ For the first time Integrity was credited by friends and foes alike as having the best political network at the convention.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1993 one prestigious Southern Baptist church authorized and witnessed the marriage of a gay couple and another licensed a gay preacher, suffering repercussions from the Southern Baptist Convention.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The statement sought forgiveness "from our African-American brothers and sisters" and pledged to "eradicate racism in all its forms from Southern Baptist life and ministry."^ And yes, caring for our less fortunate brothers and sisters in Christ's name is the highest form of praise, whether it is working at a food pantry or advocating for legislation.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ But he appears to diminish her significance as his natural mother by referring to all who do God's will as his "brother and sister and mother" (Mark 3:31-35 and pars).

^ Southern Baptists alone number 16,000,000 - more than any one of the mainline denominations by leaps and bounds, and well over half as many as all the mainlines combined.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

The SBC was founded in 1845 in Augusta, Georgia, by Baptists in the South seceding from the national Triennial Convention of Baptists after that body decreed it would not appoint slaveholders as missionaries. .Currently about 500,000 members of the 15.6-million-member denomination are African-Americans and another 300,000 are ethnic minorities.^ At that time the Cumberland Presbyterian Church was composed of 114 presbyteries, aggregating about 200,000 members and about 1,600 ordained ministers, the value of the church property being estimated at about seven millions of dollars.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In Central Africa there are the extensive missions of the Scottish Free Church known as Livingstonia with a synod consisting of about 4,500 communicants, and the Blantyre Mission of the Church of Scotland with its church and 2,000 communicants.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The church reports 9 presbyteries, 125 ministers, 158 congregations, and nearly 15,000 members, who give annually over $100,000.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The racism resolution marked the denomination's first formal acknowledgment that racism played a role in its founding.^ Erskine College, also located at Due West, was founded in 1839, was the first denominational college in the state, and is one of the leading colleges in the state to-day.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[48]
.As early as the late 1700s black Baptists began to organize separate churches, associations and mission agencies, especially in the northern states.^ The "Societies," the monthly association held at Trevecca and other parts of Wales, together with the quarterly associations, are the basis of the organization of the Calvinistic Methodist Church.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Their first organization in the United States was the Associate Presbytery of Pennsylvania in 1753.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ About this time a lively discussion began concerning the relation of the church to the civil government of the United States.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Many of the slaves were forced to remain members of the same churches with the whites up until the American Civil War.^ The home missions of the church have been continuously upon the frontier of the advancing civilization of the American people.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They reasoned that the same charter which gave to the Church her right to exist, gave to her members the right to discharge those functions that are needful to her welfare.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He had gathered many millions front his confiscations in Bohemia, but these had been swallowed up by the Jesuits, or spent on the wars in Hungary, and nothing remained wherewith to fight the battles of the "Restoration."
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

.After emancipation, black Baptists generally separated from the white Baptists, as they wanted to establish their own institutions outside white supervision.^ This was denied and complete separation was the result, the whites advising it and the blacks accepting it as inevitable and as probably best for their race.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[49] Currently American Baptist numerical strength is greatest in the former slaveholding states. The Baptist faith is the predominant faith of African Americans.[50]

Landmark crisis

.Southern Baptist Landmarkism sought to reset the ecclesiastical separation which had characterized the old Baptist churches, in an era when inter-denominational union meetings were the order of the day.^ The party standing for denominational agencies and opposed to the Plan of Union was known as the "Old School," and that favoring its continuance as the "New School."
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Baptist and Mormon (Latter Day Saints) churches, and Orthodox Judaism generally condemn lesbians and gay men.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While a spirit of separation existed, there was at the same time a strong feeling in all denominations that there was no good reason for perpetuating the differences of the old land in the new.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[51].Robinson Graves">James Robinson Graves was the primary leader of this movement and one of the most influential Baptists of the 19th century.^ One of the largest and most influential churches within the Presbyterian Church USA (one that is center-left in theology, by the way) seems to be moving in the direction of exalting Mary.

^ No matter what you think of the Catholic Church or the Pope, you must acknowledge that his position is one of the most influential in the world.

[52] .While some Landmarkers eventually separated from the Southern Baptist Convention, the movement's influence on the Convention continued well into the 20th century.^ Thus the Southern Presbyterian Church began its separate existence just when the greatest civil war of history was getting well under way.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The singing continued as the hundreds of participants slowly moved from the assembly into the lobby of the convention center, following the cross.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Southern Baptists alone number 16,000,000 - more than any one of the mainline denominations by leaps and bounds, and well over half as many as all the mainlines combined.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[53] Its influence continues to affect Convention policies. .In 2005 the Southern Baptist International Mission Board forbade its missionaries to receive alien immersions for baptism.^ At the time of the reunion with the Presbyterian Church the board of missions (at St. Louis) was sustaining twenty-six foreign missionaries, besides doing an extensive mission work at home.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Woman's Board of Missions was sustaining seventeen women as missionary workers in foreign countries.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

[54]

The Modernist crisis

The rise of theological modernism in the latter 19th and 20th century also greatly affected the Baptists.[55] The Landmark movement, already mentioned, has been described as a reaction against incipient modernism among Southern Baptists.[56] .In England, Charles Haddon Spurgeon fought against modernistic views of the Scripture in the Downgrade Controversy.^ Argyle had protested against the execution of Charles I, and when England rejected the son, Argyle was the first to invite Charles to Scotland, and he it was who placed the crown of that ancient kingdom upon his head.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

[57]
The Northern Baptist Convention had internal conflict over modernism in the early 20th century, ultimately embracing it. .Two new conservative associations were founded as a result: the General Association of Regular Baptist Churches in 1933 and the Conservative Baptist Association of America in 1947.[58] Following similar conflicts over modernism, the Southern Baptist Convention adhered to conservative theology as its official position.^ The new Associate Reformed Church had considerable strength and was scattered over a territory embracing Pennsylvania, New York, New England, and Ohio.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Baptist and Mormon (Latter Day Saints) churches, and Orthodox Judaism generally condemn lesbians and gay men.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is the result of these unions that is found in the United Original Secession Church, the half of which united with the Free Church in 1852; and the other half still maintains a separate organization.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

People with other ideas formed two new Baptist denominations: Alliance of Baptists in 1987 and the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship in 1991.[59]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Shurden, Walter (2001). "Turning Points in Baptist History". Macon, GA: The Center for Baptist Studies, Mercer University. http://www.centerforbaptiststudies.org/pamphlets/style/turningpoints.htm. Retrieved 16 January 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Baptist World Alliance Official Statistics". http://www.bwanet.org/default.aspx?pid=437. 
  3. ^ a b c Shurden, Walter B. (1993). The Baptist Identity: Four Fragile Freedoms. Macon, Georgia: Smyth & Helwys Publishing. ISBN 978-1880837207. 
  4. ^ Newman, Albert Henry (1894). A History of the Baptist Churches in the United States. Christian Literature. http://books.google.com/books?id=wCrmT5eki7YC. "This rejection of infant baptism and this insistence on believers' baptism were so distinctive of these Christians that they were stigmatized as Anabaptists, Catabaptists, and sometimes as simply Baptists; that is to say, they were declared to be "rebaptizers", "perverters of baptism", or, as unduly magnifying baptism and making it the occasion of schism, simply "baptizers"." 
  5. ^ "The Illustrated Book of All Religions From the Earliest Ages to the Present Time", Star Publishing Company, 1895.
  6. ^ Christian, John T. A History of the Baptists. Broadman Press (1922, chapter 15,pages 205-206): "The word Baptists was used by a high official of the English government in the earlier days of the reign of Queen Elizabeth. That official was Sir William Cecil, afterwards Lord Burleigh, then the Secretary of State and especial adviser of the Queen. The date is March 10, 1569.". http://www.reformedreader.org/history/christian/ahob1/ahobp.htm. 
  7. ^ John T. Christian, History of the Baptists , volume I page 205 and volume II page 212|http://www.reformedreader.org/history/christian/ahob1/ahobp.htm
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Gourley, Bruce. "A Very Brief Introduction to Baptist History, Then and Now." The Baptist Observer.
  9. ^ a b c Brackney, William H. (2006). Baptists in North America: an historical perspective. Blackwell Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 1405118652. 
  10. ^ a b c d e Leonard, Bill J. (2003). Baptist Ways: A History. Judson Press. ISBN 978-0817012311. 
  11. ^ a b c Briggs, John. "Baptist Origins". Baptist History and Heritage Society. http://www.baptisthistory.org/contissues/briggs.htm. Retrieved 10 January 2010. 
  12. ^ Beale, David (2000). The Mayflower Pilgrims: roots of Puritan, Presbyterian, Congregationalist, and Baptist heritage. Emerald House Group. ISBN 978-1889893518. 
  13. ^ Traffanstedt, Chris. "A Primer on Baptist History". http://www.reformedreader.org/history/pbh.htm. Retrieved 23 December 2009. 
  14. ^ Nettles, Tom J. (Spring 2009). "Once Upon a Time, Four Hundred Years Ago...". Founders Journal (Founders Ministries) 76: 2–8. http://www.founders.org/journal/fj76/article1.html. 
  15. ^ Vedder, H. C.. "A Short History of the Baptists". The Reformed Reader. http://www.reformedreader.org/history/vedder/ch14.htm. Retrieved 23 December 2009. 
  16. ^ McBeth, H. Leon. "Baptist Beginnings". Baptist History and Heritage Society. http://www.baptisthistory.org/baptistbeginnings.htm. Retrieved 19 October 2007. 
  17. ^ Melton, J.G. Baptists in "Encyclopedia of American Religions". 1994
  18. ^ Robert G. Torbet, A History of the Baptists, pages 18-19, Valley Forge: Judson Press - 1975)
  19. ^ H. Leon McBeth, The Baptist Heritage, pages 59-60, Nashville: Broadman Press - 1987
  20. ^ John T. Christian, History of the Baptists, Volume one, pages 83-282
  21. ^ Ben Tonwsend, Tracing the Cardinal Hosius Quote - 2003 http://drbentownsend.com/Documents/HosiusQuoteInBaptistExpanded.pdf
  22. ^ Christian, John T (vol.1, 1922; vol.2, 1926). A History of the Baptists. Broadman Press. http://www.reformedreader.org/history/christian/ahob1/ahobp.htm. 
  23. ^ H. Leon McBeth, The Baptist Heritage, pages 58-60, Nashville: Broadman Press - 1987.
  24. ^ H. Leon McBeth, The Baptist Heritage, pages 59-60, Nashville, Broadman Press - 1987
  25. ^ Robert Torbet, A History of the Baptists, page 18 Valley Forge: Judson Press - 1975
  26. ^ The New park Street Pulpit, Volume VII, Page 225
  27. ^ Jesse Mercer (1838), A History of the Georgia Baptist Association, pages 196-201, http://baptisthistoryhomepage.com/1811cl_mercer.html 
  28. ^ Newport Notables
  29. ^ Moore, G. Holmes. "300 Years of Baptist History." Bible Baptist Church of St. Louis, MO, is an example of an independent Baptist church that has never been a denominational church in the sense of belonging to some convention or association. Web: 17 January 2010. [1]
  30. ^ Cooperman, Alan (16 June 2004). "Southern Baptists Vote To Leave World Alliance". Washington Post: p. A4. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A44658-2004Jun15.html. Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  31. ^ "Catholics Have Become Mainstream America." July 9, 2007. Web: 16 January 2010. Born again Christians in U.S.
  32. ^ Langer, Gary. "Poll: Most Americans Say They're Christian. Varies Greatly From the World at Large." 18 Jul 2009 Web: 16 January 2010. Poll: Most Americans Say They're Christian
  33. ^ Albert W. Wardin, Baptists Around the World (Nashville: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 1995) p. 367
  34. ^ Pendleton, J. M. (1867). Church Manual For Baptist Churches. The Judson Press. http://www.reformedreader.org/rbb/pendleton/churchmanual/bcm01.htm. 
  35. ^ Nettles, Thomas J.. "A Foundation for the Future: The Southern Baptist Message and Mission". 
  36. ^ "Baptists." Web: 17 January 2010
  37. ^ Pinson, William M., Jr.. [htpp://www.baptisthistory.org/contissues/pinson.htm Trends in Baptist Polity]. Baptist History and Heritage Society. htpp://www.baptisthistory.org/contissues/pinson.htm. 
  38. ^ a b Newman, Albert Henry (1915). A History of the Baptist Churches in the United States (3 ed.). Christian Literature. http://books.google.com/books?id=F38uAAAAYAAJ. 
  39. ^ Articles on Baptists beliefs, polity, ministries, practices, organizations, and heritage. The information is intended to be useful for Baptists and non-Baptists alike.
  40. ^ Hammett, John and John S. Hammett.Biblical Foundations for Baptist Churches: A Contemporary Ecclesiology. Kregel Publications, 2005. ISBN-13: 978-0825427695
  41. ^ "Position Paper Concerning the IMB Policy on Glossolalia." Florida Baptist Witness Web: 18 Mar 2010. [http://www.gofbw.com/news.asp?ID=5592 Glossolalia]
  42. ^ "An Introduction to Bible Translations." Trinity Baptist Church Discipleship Training, April 2005. Web: 18 Mar 2010. An Introduction to Bible Translations
  43. ^ Beck, Rosalie. "Response to 'The Ordination of Women Among Texas Baptists' by Ann Miller.” Perspectives in Religious Studies. Journal of the NABPR, Baylor University. Baptist General Convention of Texas. Web: 18 Mar 2010. [http://www.bgct.org/texasbaptists/Document.Doc?&id=3338 Response to “The Ordination of Women Among Texas Baptists”
  44. ^ http://www.allianceofbaptists.org/learn/resources/congregationalresources.
  45. ^ Shurden, Walter B.. Crises in Baptist Life. http://www.baptistdistinctives.org/crises.pdf. Retrieved 16 January 2010. 
  46. ^ John T. Christian, History of the Baptists, volume 2 pages 404-420 (Nashville: Broadman Press - 1926
  47. ^ John T. Christian, History of the Baptists, volume 2, pages 421-436 (Nashville: Broadman Press - 1926
  48. ^ "SBC renounces racist past - Southern Baptist Convention." The Christian Century. July 5, 1995.
  49. ^ Leroy Fitts, A History of Black Baptists, pages 43-106 (Nashville, TN: Broadman Press - 1985)
  50. ^ Department of Geography and Meteorology, "Baptists as a Percentage of all Residents, 2000" Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, Indiana.
  51. ^ Robert Ashcraft, Landmarkism Revisited, pages 84-85 (Ashcraft Publications, Mabelvale, Arkansas, 2003)
  52. ^ Ben M. Bogard, Pillars of Orthodoxy, page 199 (Louisville: Baptist Book Concern - 1900)
  53. ^ Smith, Handy & Loetscher, American Christianity: An Historical Interpretation With Representative Documents, Volume II: 1820-1960, page 110 (Charles Scribner's Sons - 1963)
  54. ^ "Guideline on Baptism". International Mission Board. http://www.imb.org/main/news/details.asp?LanguageID=1709&StoryID=3837. 
  55. ^ Torbet, Robert G. (1975). A History of the Baptists. Valley Forge: Judson Press. pp. 424–445. ISBN 978-0817000745. 
  56. ^ History of the American Baptist Association, edited by Robert Ashcraft, pages 63-66 (Texarkana: History and Archives Committee of the American Baptist Association - 2000)
  57. ^ Robert G. Torbet, A History of the Baptists, page 114 (Valley Forge, PA: Judson Press - 1975).
  58. ^ Robert G. Torbet, A History of the Baptists, pages 395 and 436 (Valley Forge, PA: Judson Press - 1975).
  59. ^ "CBF History". 

References

  • Gavins, Raymond. .The Perils and Prospects of Southern Black Leadership: Gordon Blaine Hancock, 1884–1970. Duke University Press, 1977.
  • Harrison, Paul M. Authority and Power in the Free Church Tradition: A Social Case Study of the American Baptist Convention Princeton University Press, 1959.
  • Harvey, Paul.^ It is ministerial, in that the Church exercises power only by Christ's authority.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Church Authority Clergy / Laity Church Life Church Traditions Self-Ordination Liturgy Liturgical Calendar .
    • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Holding the continuing obligation of the national Covenants (see Covenanters ) it maintains the doctrine of the universal supremacy of Christ and the authority of his Word both in Church and State.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Redeeming the South: Religious Cultures and Racial Identities among Southern Baptists, 1865–1925 University of North Carolina Press, 1997.
  • Heyrman, Christine Leigh.^ The Independent Presbyterian Church, a small brotherhood in North and South Carolina, was brought into the Southern Assembly in 1863.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These immigrants, entering the port of Philadelphia, spread in great numbers southward, settling in Virginia, North Carolina, and the upper portions of South Carolina.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In at least one denomination, Southern Baptists, right-wing reactionaries managed to get such a stranglehold that it now controls all seminaries and universities.
    • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Southern Cross: The Beginnings of the Bible Belt (1997).
  • Isaac, Rhy. ."Evangelical Revolt: The Nature of the Baptists' Challenge to the Traditional Order in Virginia, 1765 to 1775," William and Mary Quarterly, 3d ser., XXXI (July 1974), 345–68.
  • Leonard, Bill J. Baptist Ways: A History (2003), comprehensive international history
  • Life & Practice in the Early Church: A Documentary Reader, New York University press.^ The cruelty and refinement of the tortures are unparalleled even in the early history of the Church .
    • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ So a timid and fearful Presbytery of New York City, where Bill Silver was "under care" as a candidate for the ministry, overtured the general assembly for "definitive guidance" on this matter.
    • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ His presence imparted new life to its adherents; and his counsels led them to certain practical measures, by which each strengthened the other, and all were united in a common action.
    • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

    2001. pp. 5–7. ISBN 9780814756485.
  • McBeth, H. Leon, (ed.) A Sourcebook for Baptist Heritage (1990), primary sources for Baptist history.
  • McGlothlin, W. J. (ed.) .Baptist Confessions of Faith. Philadelphia: The American Baptist Publication Society, 1911.
  • Pitts, Walter F. Old Ship of Zion: The Afro-Baptist Ritual in the African Diaspora Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • Rawlyk, George.^ A. A. Hodge, Commentary on the Confession of Faith , Philadelphia, 1869; C. Hodge, Discussions in Church Polity , New York, 1879; A. T. McGill, Church Government , Philadelphia, 1889; J. A. Hodge, What is Presby.
    • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These were the Confession of Faith, the Form of Church Government, the Directory for Public Worship, and the Larger and Shorter Catechisms, all of which were voted by an overwhelming majority of the Assembly.
    • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Champions of the Truth: Fundamentalism, Modernism, and the Maritime Baptists (1990), Canada.
  • Spangler, Jewel L. "Becoming Baptists: Conversion in Colonial and Early National Virginia" Journal of Southern History. Volume: 67. Issue: 2. 2001. pp 243+
  • Stringer, Phil.^ Another important work of the Yedo period is the "Dainihonshi", a great history in 243 volumes, written by a commission of scholars.
    • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ VOLUME THIRD- BOOK TWENTY-FOURTH- CHAPTER 26 [ 1 ] Kirkton, History pp.
    • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

    The Faithful Baptist Witness, Landmark Baptist Press, 1998.
  • Torbet, Robert G. A History of the Baptists, Judson Press, 1950.
  • Underhill, Edward B. (ed.). Confessions of Faith and Other Documents of the Baptist Churches of England in the 17th century. London: The Hanserd Knollys Society, 1854.
  • Underwood, A. C. A History of the English Baptists. London: Kingsgate Press, 1947.
  • Wills, Gregory A. Democratic Religion: Freedom, Authority, and Church Discipline in the Baptist South, 1785–1900, Oxford.

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.BAPTISTS, a body of Christians, distinguished, as their name imports, from other denominations by the view they hold respecting the ordinance of baptism.^ These philosophers forcefully disputed the legitimacy of a “Christian state” and assailed the Protestant focus on individuality – which they viewed as inseparable from the abstract individualism of an atomised commercial society.
  • Protestant Revolution: rival religions of princes and peasants|15Sep07|Socialist Worker 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.socialistworker.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Christ Fellowship Church - Kingsport, TN - Christ Fellowship Church Kingsport, TN An inter-denominational church whose vision is to lead individuals to Christ through worship and the Word of God, to allow Christians to build authentic relationships with others in the Body of Christ.
  • Protestant - All Things Spiritual Directory 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.allspiritual.com [Source type: General]

^ There are many denominations; however, most ministers are employed by the five largest Protestant bodies—Baptist, Episcopalian, Lutheran, Methodist, and Presbyterian.

.This distinctive view, common and peculiar to all Baptists, is that baptism should be administered to believers only.^ The Particular Baptists went on to affirm not only believers' baptism but believers' baptism by immersion .
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His baptism was by sprinkling or pouring, but it was for believers only.

^ Believer's baptism is not a Reformation doctrine; it is a Baptist doctrine.
  • Baptists are NOT Protestants 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ais-gwd.com [Source type: Original source]

.The mode of administration of the ordinance has not always been the same, and some Baptists (e.g.^ John Spur was fined in July 1651 for the same “crime.” In 1651, some Baptists were arrested and one was brutally whipped in Massachusetts.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They were far more Baptistic than protestant in their administration of the ordinance of baptism.
  • 2. Baptists and the Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The same is true of some Baptist work carried on chiefly by the same class of workers and supported by independent organizations in this country.
  • Protestant Missions in Turkey 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC armenianhouse.org [Source type: Original source]

the .Mennonites) still practise baptism by pouring or sprinkling, but among those who will here be styled modern Baptists, the mode of administration is also distinctive, to wit, immersion.^ His baptism was by sprinkling or pouring, but it was for believers only.

^ In England in the early 17th century, the word was used to denote “orthodox” Protestants as opposed to those who were regarded by Anglicans as unorthodox, such as the Baptists or the Quakers .
  • Protestantism (Christianity) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Anabaptists (spiritual ancestors of the Mennonites, Amish , and Hutterites) share emphasized believer's baptism and religious freedom and were probably influential in the development of Baptist characteristics.
  • Christian Denominations: Baptists - ReligionFacts 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.religionfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

.It should, however, be borne in mind that immersion is not peculiar to the modern Baptists.^ By 1640, there were at least two Particular Baptist churches, and both became convinced that baptism should be by immersion.

.It has always been recognized by Paedobaptists as a legitimate mode, and is still practised to the exclusion of other modes by a very large proportion of paedobaptist Christendom (e.g.^ A very large proportion of the skilled artisans of the country came from their ranks.
  • Persecution Of The Protestants In France 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.edwardtbabinski.us [Source type: Original source]

^ And so they developed something very interesting customs that they still have today and this is one of the reasons that people like Hitler and others hated the Jews so much.
  • Protestants Deceived on the Anti-christ - Sermon Notes 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.stepstolife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Interestingly, a very similar proportion of Protestants who still belong to their childhood faith say their faith as an adult is very strong (65%), and the arc of their faith follows a very similar pattern.
  • Pew Forum: Faith in Flux: Religious Conversion Statistics and Changes in Religious Affiliation in the U.S.: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC pewforum.org [Source type: News]

the .Orthodox Eastern Church).^ The latter we know today as Roman Catholicism, the former is the Eastern Orthodox Church.

^ Eastern Europe and parts of Asia came under the authority of the Eastern Orthodox Church.

^ For the Eastern Church Krose gives Greek Orthodox 109,147,272; schismatic Orientals, 6,554,913; Raskolniks (Russian dissenters), 2,173,371.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.We shall distinguish here between two main groups of Baptists in Europe: the Anabaptists, now practically extinct, and the modern Baptists whose churches are in nearly every European country and in all other countries where white men reside.^ The religious practices in the areas were in two main groups.
  • The Protestant Reformation brought about great change in the BalticRegion of Europe 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC depts.washington.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Catholics , Baptists and other Protestant churches.
  • Florida Catholic-Protestant Relation News - Religion Today 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC religion.einnews.com [Source type: News]

^ Lutheranism in other countries of Europe .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Lutherans and Lutheranism 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.I. THE Anabaptists The great spiritual movement of the 5th and 16th centuries had for its most general characteristic, revolt against authority.^ A revolt against the Christian society insofar as it means spiritual authority.

^ Pentecostal Pentecostalism is a world-wide, twentieth-century Christian movement that emphasizes the experience of Spirit baptism, generally evidenced by speaking in tongues (glossolalia).
  • Ancestry.com - Protestant Records 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.ancestry.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and An .
  • Protestantism Movement Reformation Church Protestant 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.economicexpert.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This showed itself not merely in the anti-papal reformation of Luther, but also in the anti-feudal rising of the peasants and in a variety of anti-ecclesiastical movements within the reformation areas themselves.^ The term Protestant was originally applied to followers of Luther, who protested at the Diet of Spires (1529) against the decree that prohibited all further ecclesiastical reforms.
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0001467.html 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These movements reveal an ongoing concern for reform within the church in the years before Luther is said to have posted his Ninety-five Theses on the door of the Castle Church, Wittenberg, on Oct.
  • The Reformation and Counter Reformation 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC history-world.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This third Cardinal in Scotland since the Reformation is part of that Papal system which is determined by all means to keep the minds and souls of men in bondage to itself.

.One of the most notable of these radical anti-ecclesiastical movements was that of the Zwickau prophets, (Marcus Stiibner, Nikolaus Storch and Thomas Munzer): the most vigorous and notorious that of the Munster Anabaptists.^ Anabaptists are a movement that developed from the Radical Reformation.
  • Catholic vs Protestant - Difference and Comparison | Diffen 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.diffen.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Anabaptists are a movement that developed from the Radical Reformation .
  • Protestant.eu 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.protestant.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ The most prominent of these sects were the ANABAPTISTS, (q.v.
  • PROTESTANTISM, 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although they have been called the "harbingers" of the Anabaptists, the characteristic teaching of the Zwickau prophets was not Anabaptism.^ They were variously called recusants, separatists, and dissenters, to emphasize their failure to agree with the teachings and practice of the Anglican Communion.

^ While some call for ecumenism, and have great "unity meetings", they then retreat to their distinctive styles of worship and conflicting teaching.
  • Neither Catholic Nor Protestant: A Christian Only
    Denominationalism, by Stan Cox
    16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.s8int.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1611 they published a declaration of their faith rejecting the teachings of the Anabaptists.
  • Baptist: Their Historical Relation to the Protestant Reformation And the RomanCatholic Church 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.biblicalstudies.com [Source type: Original source]

(See, however, Anabaptists.) .For although Munzer repudiated infant baptism in theory, he did not relinquish its practice, nor did he insist on the re-baptism of believers.^ The Apostles also practiced infant Baptism.
  • Protestant Misunderstanding of Catholics 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lutherans practice infant baptism and the baptism of believing adults.
  • Lutheranism - ReligionFacts 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC www.religionfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They also practice unscriptural infant baptism .

The characteristic teaching of the Zwickau movement, so closely linked with the peasant rising, was the great emphasis laid upon the "inner word." Divine revelation, said Munzer, was not received from the church, nor from preaching, least of all from the dead letter of the Bible; it was received solely and directly from the Spirit of God. .It is this daring faith in divine illumination that brings the Zwickau teachers most nearly into touch with the Anabaptists.^ She interpreted this "Lady in Blue" to be Mary and said she would have victory "over heresies … before the Second Coming of Christ… in order to bring unbelievers into the Catholic Faith."
  • html 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.cultlink.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most important, however, in Eastern Orthodoxy the sacraments are not seen as meritorious but instead as bringing one into the presence of Christ.

^ One of the most noteworthy examples is their reaction to the Protestant reformer, William Tyndale, who translated the Bible into English and was martyred for his faith.
  • Protestants and Roman Catholics — Why Creeds and Confessions? 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.forerunner.com [Source type: Original source]

.But if they are not typical of Anabaptism, still less are the later representatives of the movement in the last sad months at Munster.^ He didn't found the Mennonites, but they adopted his less fanatical version of Anabaptism.
  • Caroline Myss Library | World Religions | Christianity | The Protestant Sects 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC myss.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They greatly distinguished themselves in the later crusades, and their chivalrous blood still flows in the veins of the old Prussian nobility.
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Fundamentalists see, and they see truly, that in this last generation there have been strange new movements in Christian thought.
  • "Shall the Fundamentalists Win?": Defending Liberal Protestantism in the 1920s 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC historymatters.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The beginnings of the Anabaptist movement proper were in Zurich, where Wilheld Reubli (1480-1554), Konrad Grebel (d.^ Baptist beginnings have also been traced to medieval sects who protested against prevailing baptismal theory and practice, and to the Anabaptists of the Continental Reformation, especially in Zurich.
  • Christian Denominations: Baptists - ReligionFacts 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.religionfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A conference at Edinburgh in 1910, which marks the beginning of the movement proper, was a World Missionary Conference.
  • 20 ������ ���ű� 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC cyberspacei.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Before adopting Baptist principles, Anabaptist leaders Conrad Grebel (1498-1526), Felix Manz, and George Cajacob were associated with Zwingli in the beginning of his work in Zurich.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

1526), Felix Manz (d. .1527) and Simon Strumpf separated from Zwingli and proposed to form a separate church.^ Two acts of Parliament now separated England once more from the Papacy and gave the English Church practically the form and doctrines which it retains to-day.
  • "Protestantism In England Treatment Of Roman Catholics Protestantism In Ireland Elizabeth And Mary Queen Of Scots Elizabeth And Philip Ii" by Webster, Hutton 344/371 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC early-european-history.t.ebooks2ebooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With the coming of the American Civil War, Presbyterians also divided along regional lines, the southern group forming the separate Presbyterian Church in the U.S. in 1865.
  • LDS.org - Ensign Article - Reformed Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.lds.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Forms versus "Loose-leaf" Pages Some church records are kept on either lined or unlined paper, with each entry written separately.
  • Ancestry.com - Protestant Records 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.ancestry.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They repudiated the use of force, advocated a scriptural communism of goods, and asserted that Christians must always exercise love and patience towards each other and so be independent of worldly tribunals.^ Others renounced all use of force.
  • PROTESTANTISM, 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Christians must remember Christ, and must love others (Trotter, U5).
  • The Visual Arts and Conservative Protestant Christianity: Word over Image, - an Unbalanced Situation Ready for Remedy 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC willcarpenterart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ CLUMC is a community of Christian believers committed to loving as Jesus loved, welcoming seekers of the faith, and reaching out with caring hearts and hands to all who are in need.
  • Clear Lake United Methodist Church | Welcome! 21 January 2010 6:17 UTC clearlakemethodist.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But their most radical doctrine was the rejection of infant baptism as unscriptural.^ They also practice unscriptural infant baptism .

^ The more "radical" or Anabaptist reformers, such as Menno Simons (1496-1561) in the Netherlands and northern Germany, rejected infant baptism and asserted that a person had to proclaim his or her faith and choose to be baptized as an adolescent or adult.
  • Protestant Reformation - Protestant Children and Church Ritual, Education, Discipline and Obligation, The Protestant Influence - Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As indicated by their name, the primary Baptist distinctive is their practice of believer's baptism and corresponding rejection of infant baptism.
  • Christian Denominations: Baptists - ReligionFacts 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.religionfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

.They rapidly gained adherents, among whom was Hans Brodli, pastor of Zollikon.^ Virtually all the first pastors and evangelists lacked a higher education; they came from the same sources as their adherents.
  • Cleary: Evangelicals and Competition in Guatemala 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.domcentral.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are pastors, many of whom don't have as complete a theological training as Catholic priests, but they rely on their ability to mobilize the people.

.Their refusal, however, to baptize infants, and the formation of a separate church as the outcome of this refusal, brought upon them the condemnation of Zwingli, and a number of them were banished.^ The separation of the Church of England from Rome under Henry VIII , beginning in 1529 and completed in 1536 , brought England alongside the Reformation.
  • Protestantism - Art History Online Reference and Guide 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.arthistoryclub.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While they believed that it was necessary to separate themselves from the corruption of parish churches, they also believed that it would be a breach of Christian charity to refuse all forms of communication and fellowship.
  • Baptist (denomination) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ A group calling themselves the Anabaptists (Re-baptizers) opposed the policy of infant baptism and refused to join Zwingli's group.

.This act of banishment, however, drove Jorg Blaurock, Konrad Grebel and others to take the step which definitely instituted "Anabaptism": they baptized one another and then partook of the Lord's Supper together.^ The Protestants viewed it as taking the Lord's name in vain, especially when used in taverns, and predictably refused to greet one another with it.
  • joseph.html 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.exulanten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is sufficient to have that gift of clairvoyance which the Lord deemed many of his saints worthy of while still on earth, and which they, one must suppose, possess to a higher degree in heaven.
  • Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy. Protestantism. Fr.V.Potapov. 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.stjohndc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was his desire to explore its depths, its full scope, that led him, step by step, to a genuinely spiritual movement stemming from the teachings of the Gospel, and Protestantism as an institution, or rather complexus of institutions, hostile to one another as well as to the Catholic Church.
  • Why Only Catholicism Can Make Protestantism Work: Louis Bouyer on the Reformation 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.catholiceducation.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Why Catholicism Makes Protestantism Tick: Louis Bouyer on the Reformation | Mark Brumley | IgnatiusInsight.com 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ignatiusinsight.com [Source type: Original source]

.This step took them much farther than the repudiation of paedobaptism.^ Freethinkers raised within Protestant traditions took their protests one step further than most, denying such tenets as the existence of any God at all.
  • Protestant and Catholic Freethinkers 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.secularhumanism.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The new Parliament was disposed to carry the war against the Papacy a step farther than its predecessor had done.

.It formed a new religious community, which sought to fashion itself on the model of primitive Christianity, rejecting all tradition and accretions later than New Testament records.^ All religious feeling still takes a Christian form and colouring.

^ This was the primitive form of Christianity.
  • 2. Baptists and the Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While they believed that it was necessary to separate themselves from the corruption of parish churches, they also believed that it would be a breach of Christian charity to refuse all forms of communication and fellowship.
  • Baptist (denomination) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

.Its members claimed to get back to the simple church founded on brotherly love.^ When the Sudan Interior Mission came back five years later, they discovered a flourishing church of a hundred congregations and 20,000 members.
  • History of Protestantism in Ethiopian 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC churchethiopia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Back in the 16th century, the Church sold indulgences, claiming that if you bought them, god will forgive you.

^ We see our mission as reaching out in Christ's love to both members and non-churched people through: .

.The result was that their numbers grew with astonishing rapidity, and scholarly saints like Balthasar Hubmaier (ca. 1480-1528) and Hans Denck (ca. 1 4951527) joined them.^ As the number of Lutheran congregations grew, some began to join together to form "synods," or church bodies.
  • Lutheranism - ReligionFacts 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC www.religionfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The result was a score of religious bodies, like the Nazarenes, Churches of God and Holiness Churches, which are juridically distinct but united in professing a number of basic tenets of Protestant perfectionism.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hubmaier brought 110 new adherents with him, and in 1525 himself baptized 300 converts.^ In 1525 the Master of the Order Walter Von Plettenberg converted himself and the Order to the Lutheran faith.
  • The Protestant Reformation brought about great change in the BalticRegion of Europe 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC depts.washington.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Returning to England in 1738, whither his brother had preceded him, he openly declared that he who had tried to covert others was himself not yet converted.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Methodism 21 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For himself, he recognized that he was a debtor to the Gospel, and he asserted his independence in matters of belief only in so far as the new man in him had taken the place of the Old Adam.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Protestantism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.This baptism, however, was not immersion.^ However, an accommodation may be made for persons with medical conditions that would prohibit baptism by immersion.
  • Rules, Policies & Procedures: First Baptist Church, Greenville SC 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.firstbaptistgreenville.com [Source type: Original source]

.Blaurock and Grebel baptized each other, and many adherents, kneeling together in an ordinary room.^ Cajacob was first baptized by Grebel upon confession of his faith in Christ; Cajacob, in turn, baptized the others.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In some form or other it is the official religion in many lands of Teutonic race, it also counts among its adherents an enormous number of independent religious bodies.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

Hubmaier baptized his 300 from one bucket. The mode was sprinkling or pouring. .In all this the Anabaptists had maintained one central article of faith that linked them to the Zwickau prophets, belief in conscience, religious feeling, or inner light, as the sole true beginning or ground of religion; and one other article, held with equal vigour and sincerity, that true Christians are like sheep among wolves, and must on no account defend themselves from their enemies or take vengeance for wrong done.^ One of the main tenents of the Christian faith is loving and helping others.
  • The religion of Captain America (Steve Rogers) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ No one will maintain that all points of belief are of equal importance.
  • Development of Doctrine - North Forest 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The other idea of religion, like religion as esoterism.

Very soon this their faith was put to fiery test. .Not only were Catholics and Protestants opposed to them on doctrinal grounds, but the secular powers, fearing that the new teaching was potentially as revolutionary as Munzer's radicalism had been, soon instituted a persecution of the Anabaptists.^ That the Catholic Church teaches that Protestants are not saved.
  • The Catholic Church - Protestant vs. Catholic Comparison 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As soon as they had the power to persecute they did."
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The new teachings were opposed by the king, but had the powerful support of the nobility.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Lutherans and Lutheranism 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.On the 7th of March 1526 the Zurich Rath issued an edict threatening all who were baptized anew with death by drowning, and in 1529 the emperor Charles V., at the diet of Spires, ordered Anabaptists to be put to death with fire and sword without even the form of ecclesiastical trial.^ T HE name "Protestant" comes from a famous protest against an edict of the Emperor Charles V., issued at the Diet of Speier in 1529.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ At the Diet of Worms, Charles V emperor of Rome was leader of the , Charles V emperor of Rome was leader of the trial, and Frederick the “Wise” was the only Prince of Germany that stuck with Luther and swore that he would protect him.
  • Martin Luther and Protestantism | Socyberty 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC socyberty.com [Source type: General]

^ The term literally means "re-baptizers" a reference applied by their opponents because Anabaptists did not believe in baptizing infants and so insisted on the re-baptism of all believers.

A cruel persecution arose. Manz was drowned at Zurich and Michael Sattler (ca. 1495-1527) burned to death after torture in 1527; Hubmaier was burned in 1528 and Blaurock in 1529, and Sebastian Franck (1499-1542) asserts that the number of slain was in 1530 already about 2000.
Two results followed from this persecution. First, the development of a self-contained and homogeneous community was made impossible. .No opportunity for the adoption of any common confession was given.^ The decision concerning the canon, for Barth, is simply a matter of confession; no human reasons can be given for it.
  • Theology Today - Vol 37, No. 1 - April 1980 - ARTICLE - Scripture: Recent Protestant and Catholic Views 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC theologytoday.ptsem.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Only a few great doctrines are seen to have been generally held by Anabaptists - such as the baptism of believers only, the rejection of the Lutheran doctrine of justification by faith as onesided and the simple practice of the breaking of bread.^ Do you believe in such a great Being?
  • Mormon: Pre-1990 Mormon Temple Endowment Protestant Minister 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.exmormon.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The second doctrinal distinctive of Lutheranism is the doctrine of justification.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lutherans practice infant baptism and the baptism of believing adults.
  • Lutheranism - ReligionFacts 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC www.religionfacts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This last, the Anabaptist doctrine of the Lord's Supper, was to the effect that brothers and sisters in Christ should partake in remembrance of the death of Christ, and that they should thereby renew the bond of brotherly love as the basis of neighbourly life.^ The primary reference of the Lord's Supper is to the death of Christ.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Evangelicals and Catholics are brothers and sisters in Christ.
  • Protestant Catholic Alignment 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.inspire21.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.

.In the second place, the persecution deprived the Anabaptists of the noble leaders who had preached non-resistance and at the same time provoked others to an attitude of vengeance which culminated in the horrors of Munster.^ The same tactics were pursued a second time.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, Anabaptists and other radical groups suffered persecution from both Protestant and Catholic authorities.
  • Santa Clara University - Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.scu.edu [Source type: News]

^ At the same time, some people's gifts" are well suited to the tasks of preaching and pastoral care, and these people are "called" to the ministry.
  • Protestantism Origins, Protestantism History, Protestantism Beliefs 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.patheos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For Melchior Hofmann (ca. 1498-1543 or 1544) having taken the Anabaptist teaching to Holland, there arose in Haarlem a preacher of vengeance, Jan Matthisson or Matthyszoon (Matthys) (d.^ Bucer was there and opposed him, and on December 18, the council banished the Anabaptist preacher in the midst of winter, Bucer supporting the cruel decree.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

.1534) by name, who, prophesying a speedy end of the world and establishment of the kingdom of heaven, obtained many adherents, and despatched Boekebinder and de Kniper to Munster.^ He established Spirit-led communities at Pepuza and Tymion in Phrygia (naming them "Jerusalem") and predicted that Christ would return to establish His earthly kingdom at Pepuza; then inspiration and prophecy would cease.
  • Baptist: Their Historical Relation to the Protestant Reformation And the RomanCatholic Church 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.biblicalstudies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many places that name the name of Christ have degenerated into social clubs, or ritualistic performances that merely soothe the consciences of those who visit them once a week.
  • To the Bible Answer Man--Judaism, Catholicism, and Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.contendingforthefaith.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What determines the side you are going to be on at the end of the world is, who do you obey?
  • The Present Protestant Dilemma - Sermon Notes 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.stepstolife.org [Source type: Original source]

Here
the attempt was made to realise Matthisson's ideals. .All who did not embrace Anabaptism were driven from Munster (1533), and Bernt Knipperdolling (ca. 1495-1536) became burgomaster.^ Those who made this protest became known to their opponents as Protestants, and gradually the label was applied to all who adhered to the tenets of the Reformation , especially to those living outside Germany.
  • Protestantism (Christianity) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Those who did so became known as the Remonstrants .

^ Yet for migrants who have been driven from their homelands because of worsening economic situations, the desert is all too often deadly in its beauty.

.The town was now besieged and Matthisson was killed early in 1534. John (Johann Bockelson) of Leiden (1510-1536) took his place and the town became the scene of the grossest licence and cruelty, until in 1535 it was taken by the besieging bishop.^ In 1534, a more activist group of Anabaptists, led by John of Leyden, took control in the German city of Mnster, where the people had just rebelled against their prince-bishop, and instituted a communist state.
  • Will the Real Martin Luther Please Stand Up 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.fairlds.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ John 6:30 begins a colloquy that took place in the synagogue at Capernaum.
  • Protestant Misunderstanding of Catholics 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He avowed, in his place in Parliament, so early as the year 1391, "that it would be very commodious for England if the Pope's jurisdiction stopped at the town of Calais, and did not cross the sea."
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

Unhappily the Anabaptists have always been remembered by the crimes of John of Leiden and the revelry of Munster. .They should really be known by the teaching and martyrdom of Blaurock, Grebel and Hubmaier, and by the gentle learning and piety of Hans Denck - of whom, with many hundred others, "the world was not worthy."^ They insisted that new Christians should be baptized as adults, but they also believed that true Christians should be strict pacifists--which meant, among other things, that no real Christian could participate in government.
  • Protestant@Everything2.com 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iconoclasm was instituted by the state and resisted by the church; many faithful Christians died because they refused to trample on pictures of Jesus, whom they loved so much.
  • - Interview: Orthodoxy and Protestants - Writings - Frederica.com 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.frederica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Corporal punishment, including beating, was acceptable in moderation in order to help children learn to resist the many vices that the world pressed upon them.
  • Protestant Reformation - Protestant Children and Church Ritual, Education, Discipline and Obligation, The Protestant Influence - Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

For the teaching of the Anabaptists, see Anabaptists. .Reference has already been made to the reason why a common Anabaptist confession was never made public.^ We have already spoken about the reason why Paul mentions both the servile and the free offspring.

^ Thus the public documents of that time frequently made reference to the Supreme Being or Divine Providence and rarely to Jesus Christ or the Holy Spirit.

^ But as I dutifully attempted to obey this solemn injunction, the wearisome experiences which I have already related made it painfully clear that you just cannot avoid "trusting reason."
  • Brian W. Harrison 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • LT18 - WHERE HAVE ALL THE APOLOGISTS GONE? / LOGIC AND THE FOUNDATIONS OF PROTESTANTISM 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.rtforum.org [Source type: Original source]

.Probably, however, the earliest confession of faith of any Baptist community is that given by Zwingli in the second part of his Elenchus contra Catabaptistas, published in 1527. Zwingli professes to give it entire, translating it, as he says, ad verbum into Latin.^ That is to say, it assumes that the profession of faith on the part of every Christian, lay and clerical, is only a means (though a necessary one) to the end of faith's actual confession; and it assumes, furthermore, that the congregation (in Luther's language, the Gemeinde) is the locus of this confessional life and labor.
  • Theology Today - Vol 52, No. 4 - January 1996 - ARTICLE - The Future of Pretestantism in North America 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC theologytoday.ptsem.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Baptists trace their denomination's origins to the early church, a period when the church consisted of committed believers who were baptized upon confession of faith as adults.
  • Christian Denominations: Baptists - ReligionFacts 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.religionfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We then presumed that Roman Catholicism was our destiny, but as we read its theology we felt that it had altered the faith (they would say "developed") that was held by the earliest Christians.
  • - Interview: Orthodoxy and Protestants - Writings - Frederica.com 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.frederica.com [Source type: Original source]

.Whatever opinion may be held as to the orthodoxy of the seven articles of the Anabaptists, the vehemence with which they were opposed, and the epithets of abuse which were heaped upon the unfortunate sect that maintained them, cannot fail to astonish those used to toleration.^ They cannot think in those terms.
  • "Shall the Fundamentalists Win?": Defending Liberal Protestantism in the 1920s 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC historymatters.gmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In England in the early 17th century, the word was used to denote “orthodox” Protestants as opposed to those who were regarded by Anglicans as unorthodox, such as the Baptists or the Quakers .
  • Protestantism (Christianity) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

.Zwingli, who details these articles, as he says, that the world may see that they are "fanatical, stolid, audacious, impious," can scarcely be acquitted of unfairness in joining together two of them, - the fourth and fifth, - thus making the article treat "of the avoiding of abominable pastors in the church" (Super devitatione abominabilium pastorum in Ecclesia), though there is nothing about pastors in the fourth article, and nothing about abominations in the fifth, and though in a marginal note he himself explains that the first two copies that were sent him read as he does, but the other copies make two articles, as in fact they evidently are.^ To these they were about to add a fourth.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But when considered together we can see that they say more about the people making the statements than the people described in them.
  • Protestant Stereotypes | Savage Minds 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC savageminds.org [Source type: General]

^ A note from the pastoral staff at Montclair Presbyterian Church reads in part: .

.It is strange that the Protestant Council of Zurich, which had scarcely won its own liberty, and was still in dread of the persecution of the Romanists, should pass the decree which instituted the cruel persecution of the Anabaptists.^ It was quite consistent with this hermeneutical/homiletical procedure when Reformed Protestant governments bloodily persecuted Catholic, Anabaptist and Socinian dissenters.

^ Since there was no urgent challenge or compelling reason why it should, the Ecumenical Council of Florence did not dogmatically pass on the canonicity of the inspired books.

^ In addition, Anabaptists and other radical groups suffered persecution from both Protestant and Catholic authorities.
  • Santa Clara University - Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.scu.edu [Source type: News]

.After Munster had fallen the harassed remnants of the Anabaptists were gathered together under Menno Simonis, who joined them in 1537. His moderation and piety held in check the turbulence of the more fanatical amongst them.^ After the Munster episode, the Mennonites were reorganized in Holland and Friesland by Menno Simons (1496-1561), who first left the Catholic Church, joined the Anabaptists, and then founded his own denomination on the twin principle of independent church organization and no common doctrine.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So yet again only servitude and clericalism and totalitarianism, that particular servitude and clericalism which are even more catastrophic amongst the people like we, the Slovenians, who have never been free.
  • Slovenian Literator 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.thezaurus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The church is founded on Jesus Christ alone, who through His saving love in the proclamation of the Word and sacraments, gathers her together and sends her forth.
  • WordAlone - A Protestant Understanding of Ecclesial Communion 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC wordalone.org [Source type: Original source]

He died in 1561 after a life passed amidst continual dangers and conflicts. .His name remains as the designation of the Mennonites, who eventually settled in the Netherlands under the protection of William the Silent, prince of Orange.^ To his credit, he remained tolerant, an exception to the rule, as was William Penn, who was persecuted by Protestants in England and founded the tolerant colony of Pennsylvania.
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ William of Orange was a Protestant leader who did many unrighteous actions.
  • "Bad" Protestants - North Forest 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The throne being thus vacated, a Convention was held, and the crown was settled on the Prince and Princess of Orange.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.Of the introduction of Anabaptist views into England we have no certain knowledge.^ They are the Shiite Muslims of the US and are no better than Osama Bin Laden, trying to terrorize the rest of us into their point of view.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ He may have been partially admitted into the secret by the conspirators; but however he came by his knowledge, there can be no doubt that a plot there was.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No voice was heard in England powerful enough to awaken into life and action that spirit which had given so many martyrs to the stake in the days of Mary.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

Fox relates that "the registers of London make mention of certain Dutchmen counted for Anabaptists, of whom ten were put to death in sundry places in the realm, anno 1535; other ten repented and were saved." In 1536 King Henry VIII. issued a proclamation together with articles concerning faith agreed upon by Convocation, in which the clergy are told to instruct the people that they ought to repute and take "the Anabaptists' opinions for detestable heresies and to be utterly condemned." Thomas Fuller (1608-1660tells us from Stow's Chronicles that, in the year 1538, "four Anabaptists, three men and one woman, all Dutch, bare faggots at Paul's Cross, and three days after a man and woman of their sect was burnt in Smithfield." In the reign of Edward VI., after the return of the exiles from Zurich, John Hooper (bishop of Gloucester and Worcester, d. 1555) writes to his friend Bullinger in 1549, that he reads "a public lecture twice in the day to so numerous an audience that the church cannot contain them," and adds, "the Anabaptists flock to the place and give me much trouble." It would seem that at this time they were united together in communities separate from the established Church. .Latimer, in 1552, speaks of them as segregating themselves from the company of other men.^ The worshippers sit still, but the armed men step out from the others and put themselves in order of battle.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

In the sixth examination of John Philpot (1516-1555) in 1555 we are told that Lord Riche said to him, "All heretics do boast of the Spirit of God, and every one would have a church by himself, as Joan of Kent and the Anabaptists." Philpot was imprisoned soon after Mary's accession in 1553; and it is very pleasing to find, amidst the records of intense bitterness and rancour which characterized these times, and with which Romanist and Protestant alike assailed the persecuted Anabaptists, a letter of Philpot's, to a friend of his, "prisoner the same time in Newgate," who held the condemned opinions. His friend had written to ask his judgment concerning the baptism of infants. Philpot in a long reply, whilst maintaining the obligation of infant baptism, yet addresses his correspondent as, "dear brother, saint, and fellow-prisoner for the truth of Christ's gospel"; and at the close of his argument he says, "I beseech thee, dear brother in the gospel, follow the steps of the faith of the glorious martyrs in the primitive church, and of such as at this day follow the same." Many Anabaptist communities existed in England toward the end of the 16th century, particularly in East Anglia, Kent and London. .Their most notable representative was Robert Cooke, but they were more notorious for heretical views as to the Virgin Mary (see Anabaptists) than for their anti-paedobaptist position.^ The movement they represented—deeply democratic and, in its focus on personal revelation, at odds with Church hierarchy—would do more than anything else to spread Evangelical Protestantism and eventually make it the dominant religion in the nation.
  • Boston Review — nash.php 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC bostonreview.net [Source type: Original source]

^ These statements by Rome were far more than a theological treatise — they served as a political declaration of war on the Protestant world.
  • Protestants and Roman Catholics — Why Creeds and Confessions? 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.forerunner.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They are usually translated kinsmen , kinsfolk , or kindred in the KJV, and usually in a sense wider than cousin: more so referring to the entire nation of Hebrews.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: Replies to Protestants' Alleged Biblical Disproofs of the Perpetual Virginity of Mary (vs. Ken Temple) 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

It was for these views that Joan Boucher of Kent was burnt in 1550. There is no doubt that these prepared the way for the coming of the modern Baptists, but "the truth is that, while the Anabaptists in England raised the question of baptism, they were almost entirely a foreign importation, an alien element; and the rise of the Baptist churches was wholly independent of them." II. THE Modern Baptists I. Great Britain and Ireland. - .If the Anabaptists of England were not the progenitors of the modern Baptist church, we must look abroad for the beginnings of that movement.^ Baptists had no beginning in Scotland until the eighteenth century and that, again, under the leadership of men from Independent and Puritan (within the Church of Scotland) backgrounds.
  • Baptist: Their Historical Relation to the Protestant Reformation And the RomanCatholic Church 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.biblicalstudies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He became, in turn, a Puritan (Congregationalist, still within the Church of England), a Separatist, a Baptist, and finally a Seeker.
  • Baptist: Their Historical Relation to the Protestant Reformation And the RomanCatholic Church 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.biblicalstudies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because of the political climate, this Second London Confession was not published openly until 1689 when it was issued with the endorsement of 107 Baptist churches across England and Wales.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

.Although there were doubtless many who held Baptist views scattered among the Independent communities, it was not until the time of John Smith or Smyth (d.^ There are many families that are divided on religion, including parents who are split between LDS and another church, who are still married and living together.
  • Court Finds Mormonism is Not “Protestantism” | Times & Seasons 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC timesandseasons.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While there are many other things that Baptists might "believe" or endless convictions we might "hold," those listed above are the bedrock issues that have set Baptists apart through the centuries.
  • What is a Baptist? - Baptist2Baptist 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.baptist2baptist.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It was at this time that a remarkable document arrived from Sweden, and the Council there declared that they would not acknowledge the independence of the Knights of the Sword, and would not recognise their heralds.
  • Learning Protestantism with Livonia - Paradox Interactive Forums 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.europa-universalis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.1612) that the modern Baptist movement in England broke away from Brownism.^ The conservative reform movements (the 1500's): These movements include groups that broke away from the Roman Catholic Church but kept many basic beliefs of that church.

^ Many Baptists were associated with the more radical spiritual and political movements in England in the seventeenth century.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This revitalized Reformed theology gave birth to the modern missionary movement with the formation of the Particular Baptist Missionary Society in 1792.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

.Smyth was appointed preacher of the city of Lincoln in 1600 as an ordained clergyman, but became a separatist in 1605 or 1606, and, soon after, emigrated under stress of persecution with the Gainsborough Independents to Amsterdam.^ The Protestant clergyman was forbidden by the Act to receive any ecclesiastical dues from Roman Catholics, and as soon as his place became vacant by admission or death, a Popish incumbent was appointed to it, who, as a matter of course, received all the tithes.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1607, the Gainsborough group had decided to migrate across the English Channel to Amsterdam, a city that provided religious liberty.

^ Denk moved to Augsburg, was baptized by the Anabaptist preacher Hubmaier, and became the pastor of a strong Baptist church in that city numbering 1,100.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

With Thomas Helwys (ca. 1560-ca. .1616) and Morton he joined the "Ancient" church there, but, coming under Mennonite teaching in 1609, he separated from the Independents, baptized himself (hence he is called the "Se-baptist"), Helwys and others probably according to the Anabaptist or Mennonite fashion of pouring.^ There are only local Baptist churches.
  • What is a Baptist? - Baptist2Baptist 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.baptist2baptist.net [Source type: Original source]

^ He baptized himself and then baptized the others.

^ The separation of the Church of England from Rome under Henry VIII , beginning in 1529 and completed in 1536 , brought England alongside the Reformation.
  • Protestantism - Art History Online Reference and Guide 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.arthistoryclub.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These then formed the first English Baptist Church which in 1611 published "a declaration of faith of English people remaining at Amsterdam in Holland."^ In 1611 they published a declaration of their faith rejecting the teachings of the Anabaptists.
  • Baptist: Their Historical Relation to the Protestant Reformation And the RomanCatholic Church 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.biblicalstudies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This represents the first modern Baptist church on English soil.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first Baptist church was founded in Amsterdam in 1609 by John Smyth (c.

.The article relating to baptism is as follows:- "That every church is to receive in all their members by baptism upon the confession of their faith and sins, wrought by the preaching of the gospel according to the primitive institution and practice.^ Mitchell listed the Waldensian Confession of Faith of 1120 A. D., article by article, as follows: .
  • 2. Baptists and the Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We can discipline church members who sin.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Let's get back to being independent Christians and New Testament churches, without following the Confessions, synods, and doctrinal teachings of men.

.And therefore churches constituted after any other manner, or of any other persons, are not according to Christ's testament.^ What primarily moves them is the preaching or counseling of some other person connected with a Church group: this leads them to feel conscious of their own sinfulness and of their need to repent and believe in Christ as Saviour.
  • Brian W. Harrison 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I grew up in what amounted to a house church, steeped in Scripture and in a piety focused on personal dedication to Christ.

^ If one tried to say "but Christ says here that you're wrong" it would be said that the Church is the authoritative interpreter of Scripture, and according to its interpretation, it is right.
  • Soc.Religion.Christian 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC geneva.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

That baptism or washing with water is the outward manifestation of dying unto sin and walking in newness of life; and therefore in no wise appertaineth to infants." They held "that no church ought to challenge any prerogative over any other"; and that "the magistrate is not to meddle with religion, or matters of conscience nor compel men to this or that form of religion." This is the first known expression of absolute liberty of conscience in any confession of faith.
.Smyth died in Holland, but in 1612 Helwys returned to England with his church and formed the first Baptist church worshipping on English soil.^ John Smyth was a minister in the Church of England.

^ This represents the first modern Baptist church on English soil.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first Baptist church was founded in Amsterdam in 1609 by John Smyth (c.

.The church met in Newgate Street, London, and was the origin of the "General" Baptist denomination.^ Many Baptists trace their denomination's origins to the early church, a period when the church consisted of committed believers who were baptized upon confession of faith as adults.
  • Christian Denominations: Baptists - ReligionFacts 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.religionfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Following the War for Independence, American Presbyterians met in Philadelphia in 1789 and organized the first general assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the USA. The newly formed church originally claimed a membership of 18,000.
  • LDS.org - Ensign Article - Reformed Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.lds.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1626 there were only six General Baptist churches in England with a total membership of around 100.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

.Helwys and his followers were Arminians, repudiating with heat the Calvinistic doctrine of predestination.^ Arminianism the doctrines and teaching of Jacobus Arminiusth-century Dutch theologian, who opposed the Calvinist doctrine of absolute predestination and maintained the possibility of universal salvation.
  • Protestantism Definition, Prefix, Suffix, Ologies and Isms, Protestantism Information and Meaning 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

^ The followers of Melanchthon, who favoured Calvin's doctrine (Philippists, Crypto-Calvinists), were also furiously denounced by the orthodox Lutherans.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The followers of Melanchthon , who favoured Calvin's doctrine (Philippists, Crypto-Calvinists), were also furiously denounced by the orthodox Lutherans.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Lutherans and Lutheranism 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.They thus differed from other Independents.^ Churches that held to that principle were at least "respectable," one was given to understand, even though they might differ considerably from each other in regard to the interpretation of Scripture.
  • Logic and Foundations of Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.chnetwork.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Brian W. Harrison 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Logic and Protestantism's Shaky Foundations (This Rock: December 1992) 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]
  • LT18 - WHERE HAVE ALL THE APOLOGISTS GONE? / LOGIC AND THE FOUNDATIONS OF PROTESTANTISM 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.rtforum.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Luther and Calvin share some similarities amongst each other, they differ on some important issues such as the idea of separation of church and state.
  • Protestant Reformation@Everything2.com 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the group is large and the room is big enough, there can be two or three groups moving independently to the different stations, as long as they are done in order.
  • The Cross as a Journey: Stations of the Cross for Protestant Worship 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.cresourcei.org [Source type: Original source]

."They also differed on the power of the magistrate in matters of belief and conscience.^ They have very different beliefs on historical Christian teachings , such as the virgin birth , the atonement , the resurrection , Heaven, Hell , salvation , Satan , demons , etc.

^ Indeed the authority of the Church in matters of belief was regarded by the Reformers as one of the greatest evils, against which they had to contend.
  • Protestantism [II] 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC terrenceberres.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1612 John Smyth wrote, "the magistrate is not by virtue of his office to meddle with religion, or matters of conscience".
  • Christian Denominations: Baptists - ReligionFacts 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.religionfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was, in short, from their little dingy meeting house.^ This house, little changed since he added the front part in 1680, still stands about two blocks from the meeting house on Bowne Street.
  • History of Flushing Meeting 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.nyym.org [Source type: News]

.. that there flashed out, first in England, the absolute doctrine of Religious Liberty" (Prof. Masson). .Leonard Busher, the author of "Religious Peace: or a Plea for Liberty of Conscience," was a member of this church.^ They were pioneers in pleas for freedom of conscience and religious liberty.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The edict provided for liberty of conscience and the freedom of worship where churches were already established .

^ The burghers in Holland replied immediately to Governor Stuyvesant with a letter establishing religious liberty in the colony: "The consciences of men at least ought ever to remain free and unshackled."
  • History of Flushing Meeting 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.nyym.org [Source type: News]

.The next great event in the history of the Baptists (though it should be mentioned that the last execution for heresy in England by burning was that of a Baptist, Edward Wightman, at Lichfield 1612) is the rise of the first Calvinistic or Particular Baptist Church.^ It is an interesting fact that both the first and the last martyr burned in England for religion were Baptists.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Who was the first Baptist, and where was the first Baptist church?

^ Historians have therefore concluded that the first Particular Baptist church dates at .

.This was the Jacob church in Southwark, which numbered among its members John Lothropp or Lathrop (d.^ In Conversation: John Thomas reflects on a decade of leadership By the numbers: 224 Being a global mission church: Loving the world .
  • The Invisible, Protestant Mary 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.ucc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In European Turkey the number of places for stated preaching is 42; the average congregations number 2,278; the number of organized churches is 14, and of church members .
  • Protestant Missions in Turkey 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC armenianhouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1633, a number of members withdrew from the JLJ church to form another congregation, and perhaps some of them were rebaptized as believers at that time.

.1653) Praise-God Barbon (ca. 1596-1679), Henry Jessey (1601-1663), Hanserd Knollys (ca. 1599-1691) and William Kiffin (1616-1701).^ Ralph E. Dodge, The Revolutionary Bishop Who Saw God at Work in Africa (Pasadena, CA: William Carey, 1986), 115.
  • History of Protestant Missions in Zimbabwe 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wmausa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It was originally Independent but then became Baptist. .From this six other churches sprang, five of which were Baptist.^ The area also has Baptist, Evangelical, Methodist, Full Gospel, Presbyterian, Christian Reformed, and various other churches with Chinese pastors, Chinese-language services, and mainly Chinese congregations.

^ A fact rarely told in church histories and therefore little known is that the Protestants of the Reformation era persecuted Baptists and others who differed from them.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1707 five of these churches joined to form the Philadelphia Association, which not only was the first but also soon became the most influential Baptist Association in America.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

.Before the Jacob church, however, had itself become Baptist, it dismissed from its membership a group of its members (the church having grown beyond what was regarded as proper limits) who, in 1633, became the first Particular Baptist Church.^ Who was the first Baptist, and where was the first Baptist church?

^ What is required to become a baptized member of the church?
  • Frequently asked questions about the Protestant church in China 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.amitynewsservice.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We can discipline church members who sin.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

.Thus there were now in existence in England two sets of Baptists whose origins were quite distinct and who never had any real intercourse as churches.^ Another important branch of Protestantism, represented by the Church of England and Episcopal Church , had its origins in 16th-century England and is now the Protestant denomination closest to Roman Catholicism in theology and worship.
  • The Protestant Heritage -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was an influential philosophical movement called nominalism that stressed the reality of anything concrete and real, thus doubting faith.
  • Lecture 3: The Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.historyguide.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Two acts of Parliament now separated England once more from the Papacy and gave the English Church practically the form and doctrines which it retains to-day.
  • "Protestantism In England Treatment Of Roman Catholics Protestantism In Ireland Elizabeth And Mary Queen Of Scots Elizabeth And Philip Ii" by Webster, Hutton 344/371 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC early-european-history.t.ebooks2ebooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.They differed in many respects.^ They reject the term "denomination" because that implies that there can be many different legitimate churches.
  • Soc.Religion.Christian 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC geneva.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ All of these agreed in the opinion that the existing system should be modified; but as respects the nature of the changes to be introduced they differed.
  • Protestantism In England And Scotland Under James I. And Charles I. (1603-1649) 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.edwardtbabinski.us [Source type: Original source]

^ After all, many different sects and religions have many different books which they call "inspired Scriptures."
  • Brian W. Harrison 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]
  • LT18 - WHERE HAVE ALL THE APOLOGISTS GONE? / LOGIC AND THE FOUNDATIONS OF PROTESTANTISM 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.rtforum.org [Source type: Original source]

.The General Baptists were Arminian, owing to the influence of the Mennonite Anabaptists.^ While the General Baptists were degenerating into Unitarianism in the eighteenth century, the Particular Baptists began to decline through the parasitic influence of hyper-Calvinism.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is from this common source (perhaps with some influence from Continental Anabaptists) that the two streams of Baptists in England originated.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When describing the decline of the General, or Arminian Baptists of New England in the late eighteenth century, McLoughlin parenthetically identifies the Baptists who were "Calvinists" as "the Separate Baptists."
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Particular Baptists were Calvinist, springing as they did from the Independents.^ Though they did not all share the same ecclesiastical goal, Puritans, Separatists, and Independents were all essentially English Calvinists.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These men and their colleagues rejected what they called "false Calvinism" and returned to the evangelical Calvinism (what they called "true or strict Calvinism") of their Particular Baptist forefathers.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They still did not enjoy independence until 1609.

.But on the question of Baptism both groups, while they utterly rejected the baptism of infants, were as yet unpledged to immersion and rarely practised it.^ They also practice unscriptural infant baptism .

^ They rejected infant baptism, advocating baptism only of adult believers.
  • PROTESTANTISM, 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is evident, observes Mosheim, they rejected the baptism of infants.
  • 2. Baptists and the Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

.The development of their doctrine as to baptism was marked along three lines of dispute: - (i) who is the proper administrator of baptism?^ There were three or four others, Methodistic in doctrine and discipline, who were recognized as eligible for the Ecumenical Methodist Conference : 1.
  • All the Divisions of Methodism 20 September 2009 19:14 UTC www.kansasheritage.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Protestantism advanced rapidly during his reign through the systematic reformation of doctrine, worship, and discipline—the three external marks of the true church.
  • Protestantism (Christianity) :: The Reformation in England and Scotland -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was a correlative downgrading of church authority and the development of an ecclesiastical structure built along Free Church and Congregational lines.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

(2) who are the proper subjects? and (3) what is the proper mode ? .Eventually agreement was reached, and in 1644 a Confession of Faith was published in the names of the Particular Baptist churches of London, now grown to seven, "commonly (though falsely) called Anabaptist."^ It began as a Particular Baptist church, having formally adopted the Second London Confession.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In order openly to declare their principles (with a special concern to distance themselves from the Anabaptists and General Baptists), the seven Particular Baptist churches of London decided to publish a confession of faith in 1644.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1650, there were a number of Particular Baptist churches in and around London.

.The article on baptism is as follows:"That baptism is an ordinance of the New Testament given by Christ to be dispensed only upon persons professing faith, or that are disciples, or taught, who, upon a profession of faith, ought to be baptized."^ This ought to be sufficient comment upon her New Testament origin.
  • 2. Baptists and the Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Christ the prayers of the faithful upon the earth."
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Let's get back to being independent Christians and New Testament churches, without following the Confessions, synods, and doctrinal teachings of men.

."The way and manner of dispensing this ordinance the Scripture holds out to be dipping or plunging the whole body under water."^ The First London Confession of Particular Baptists, adopted in 1644, says of baptism, "The way and manner of the dispensing of this Ordinance the Scripture holds out to be dipping or plunging the whole body under the water."

^ He encouraged the passing of ordinances which, by abolishing tolls and promoting an improvement of roads and water-ways, helped the development of his immense trade.
  • lifeissues | Catholicism, Protestantism, and Capitalism, Part II 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.lifeissues.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Richd Blunt with him being convinced of Baptism yt also it ought to be by dipping in ye Body into Ye Water, resembling Burial and riseing again.

.They further declare (particularly in order that they may avoid the charge of being Anabaptists) that "a civil magistracy is an ordinance of God," which they are bound to obey.^ Submission to civil order, or to family duty, for they are conduits of God’s will.
  • Question about Dr Brad Nassif on Orthodoxy and Evangelical Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.monachos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When divorce became popular, they declared that God changed His mind and divorce is now allowed, while God had previously said it was 'until death do is part'.
  • Protestant  Protest . NET - America is suffering because Protestants have been doing evil in God's name. 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.protestantprotest.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Whatever we may think of the political delinquencies of their leaders, their bitterest enemies have never ventured to charge the Order of Jesuits with moral irregularities."
  • Newman Reader - Present Position of Catholics - Lecture 1 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.newmanreader.org [Source type: Original source]

They speak of the "breathing time" which they have had of late, and their hope that God would, as they say, "incline the magistrates' hearts so for to tender our consciences as that we might be protected by them from wrong, injury, oppression and molestation"; and then they proceed: "But if God withhold the magistrates' allowance and furtherance herein, yet we must, notwithstanding, proceed together in Christian communion, not daring to give place to suspend our practice, but to walk in obedience to Christ in the profession and holding forth this faith before mentioned, even in the midst of all trials and afflictions, not accounting our goods, lands, wives, children, fathers, mothers, brethren, sisters, yea, and our own lives, dear unto us, so that we may finish our course with joy; remembering always that we ought to obey God rather than men." They end their confession thus: "If any take this that we have said to be heresy, then do we with the apostle freely confess, that after the way which they call heresy worship we the God of our fathers, believing all things which are written in the Law and in the Prophets and Apostles, desiring from our souls to disclaim all heresies and opinions which are not after Christ, and to be stedfast, unmovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, as knowing our labour shall not be in vain in the Lord." The "breathing time" was not of long continuance. .Soon after the Restoration (1660) the meetings of nonconformists were continually disturbed and preachers were fined or imprisoned.^ The congregations, following the example of their preachers, were also fined and imprisoned.
  • Newman Reader - British Critic - Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.newmanreader.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition to imprisonment and other torments, it called for harsh fines not only on all non-conformist worshippers and preachers, but upon the owners of any buildings used for non-conformist meetings.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

.One instance of these persecutions will, perhaps, be more impressive than any general statements.^ And perhaps more than merely damaged.
  • The Death of Protestant America: A Political Theory of the Protestant Mainline | First Things 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet, after more than four centuries have gone by, the professed sons of the Reformation generally have very little idea of the real issues of the conflict.
  • Justification by Faith: Catholicism and Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.gospelpedlar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Having the same faith as a family, in my mind, is just one more thing that unites you, rather than divides the family.
  • Catholic-Protestant Marriages - Catholic Answers Forums 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

.In the records of the Broadmead Baptist Church, Bristol, we find this remark: "On the 29th of November 1685 our pastor, Brother Fownes, died in Gloucester jail, having been kept there for two years and about nine months a prisoner, unjustly and maliciously, for the testimony of Jesus and preaching the gospel.^ George Fownes died in Gloucester jail.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Within four years, there were about 50 churches.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The authors and redactors of the writings attributed to Paul dont mention any biographical information about the life of Jesus because the gospel story was a later, literary creation.
  • The Entheogen Theory of Religion and Ego Death 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.egodeath.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He was a man of great learning, of a sound judgment, an able preacher, having great knowledge in divinity, law, physic, &c.; a bold and patient sufferer for the Lord Jesus and the gospel he preached." With the Revolution of 1688, and the passing of the Act of Toleration in 1689, the history of the persecution of Baptists, as well as of other Protestant dissenters, ends. .The removal of the remaining disabilities, such as those imposed by the Test and Corporation Acts repealed in 1828, has no special bearing on Baptists more than on other nonconformists.^ By October, 1903, he had given up teaching altogether; apparently, the idea of having to prepare lectures and deliver them at a predetermined time was more than he could bear.
  • Why Work? : The New Yorker 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.newyorker.com [Source type: General]

^ In England in the early 17th century, the word was used to denote “orthodox” Protestants as opposed to those who were regarded by Anglicans as unorthodox, such as the Baptists or the Quakers .
  • Protestantism (Christianity) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In 1510, he devoted himself to discovering God and during a trip to Rome on official business he acted more the part of a pilgrim than humanist scholar.
  • Lecture 3: The Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.historyguide.org [Source type: Original source]

.The ministers of the "three denominations of dissenters," - Presbyterians, Independents and Baptists, - resident in London and the neighbourhood, had the privilege accorded to them of presenting on proper occasions an address to the sovereign in state, a privilege which they still enjoy under the name of "the General Body of Protestant Dissenting Ministers of the three Denominations."^ The General Baptists got their name because they believed in a general atonement.

^ I thought they were under the Protestant umbrella...
  • What's the difference between Protestants and Catholics? - General Discussion - Main - theJJB.com - Message Board - Yuku 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC jjb.yuku.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The First London Confession of Particular Baptists, adopted in 1644, says of baptism, "The way and manner of the dispensing of this Ordinance the Scripture holds out to be dipping or plunging the whole body under the water."

The "General Body" was not organized until 1727.
.The Baptists, having had a double origin, continued for many years in two sections - those who in accordance with Arminian views held the doctrine of "General Redemption," and those who, agreeing with the Calvinistic theory, held the doctrine of "Particular Redemption"; and hence they were known respectively as General Baptists and Particular Baptists.^ The Reformers held this view for two reasons.
  • Why Only Catholicism Can Make Protestantism Work: Louis Bouyer on the Reformation 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.catholiceducation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The exception to the Arminian view is held by Methodists in Wales, who tend to be more Calvinistic in doctrine.

^ The two main strands were known as General Baptists and Particular Baptists.

.In the 18th century many of the General Baptists gradually adopted the Arian, or, perhaps, the Socinian theory; whilst, on the other hand, the Calvinism of the Particular Baptists in many of the churches became more rigid, and approached or actually became Antinomianism.^ Many other graduates agreed.

^ Particular Baptists, on the other hand, never allowed an association or their General .

^ Baptists, otoh, appear to be more rigid.
  • Catholicism Less Rigid Than Protestantism [Archive] - thebigview.com 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.thebigview.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1770 the orthodox portion of the General Baptists, mainly under the influence of Dan Taylor (b.^ However, Dan Taylor (1738-1816) formed a "New Connection" in 1770 that maintained Baptist principles and later united with the Baptist mainstream.
  • Christian Denominations: Baptists - ReligionFacts 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.religionfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While the General Baptists were degenerating into Unitarianism in the eighteenth century, the Particular Baptists began to decline through the parasitic influence of hyper-Calvinism.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Baptist and Mormon (Latter Day Saints) churches, and Orthodox Judaism generally condemn lesbians and gay men.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.1738), formed themselves into a separate association, under the name of the General Baptist New Connection, since which time the "Old Connection" has gradually merged into the Unitarian denomination.^ JeromeM says: After 35 years of careful scriptural and historical analysis formed into theological insights that produced an astonishing agreement on the profound issue of justification that had separated Romans and Lutherans for 5 centuries, and crafted a wide swath of denominational groups in Europe and the New World.
  • The Agony of Mainline Protestantism | First Things 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The street disturbances continued into July, and a 19-year-old Catholic man was shot—the first death caused by sectarian violence since January.
  • The Northern Irish Conflict: A Chronology — FactMonster.com 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Northern Irish Conflict: A Chronology — Infoplease.com 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: News]

^ American Lutheran Church A recent addition to the family of Lutheran denominations, the American Lutheran Church was born in 1960 as a result of the merger of three separate churches: the American Lutheran, whose name was perpetuated in the new church, Evangelical Lutheran, and United Evangelical Lutheran, each with a history of previous mergers.

.By the beginning of the 19th century the New Connection numbered 40 churches and 3400 members.^ Orangeism the principles of the Orangemen, members of a secret 17th-century Irish society that defended the reigning British monarch and supported the Anglican church.
  • Protestantism Definition, Prefix, Suffix, Ologies and Isms, Protestantism Information and Meaning 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

^ In the 18th and 19th centuries, when the whole world lived at a third world level and there was enough land on the frontier in America to absorb large numbers of new immigrants without pauperizing ordinary Americans, you would have a case.
  • ParaPundit: Samuel P. Huntington On Cosmopolitans, Imperialists, And Nationalists 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.parapundit.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ltd., 528, 530 Elizabeth St., Melb., in connection with the congregations in the Australian Commonwealth and New Zealand known simply as "Churches of Christ."
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.The old General Baptists "still keep up a shadowy legal existence."^ Particular Baptists.– The Particular Baptists came into existence a generation later than General Baptists.

^ They believed in a general atonement, baptism of believers only, religious liberty, and other doctrines still associated with Baptists.

^ Do not look on her, but daub her in your own way; keep up the good old sign-post representation of her.
  • Newman Reader - Present Position of Catholics - Lecture 1 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.newmanreader.org [Source type: Original source]

.Towards the end of the 18th century many of the Particular Baptist churches became more moderate in their Calvinism, a result largely attributable to the writings of Andrew Fuller.^ Fortunately, this hyper-Calvinism was ultimately challenged and overcome in the late eighteenth century by Andrew Fuller, William Carey, John Suttcliffe, and others.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result of the writings of the Augustinian monk Dr. Martin Luther in the early 1500's, the Reformation of the Christian Church spread throughout Europe and England.
  • What do Lutheran's Believe? 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC linetap.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Toward the end of the nineteenth century, many within the holiness movement began to speak about and seek for the "baptism of fire.” One branch of the holiness movement was called the "Fire-Baptized Holiness Church" (originating in Iowa in 1895 and led by Benjamin Irwin).
  • Protestant Revivalism, Pentecostal ism and the Drift Back to Rome 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.presenttruthmag.com [Source type: Original source]

.Up to this time a great majority of the Baptists admitted none either to membership or communion who were not baptized, the principal exception being the churches in Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire, founded or influenced by Bunyan, who maintained that difference of opinion in respect to water baptism was no bar to communion.^ At the time, there were no Baptist churches in Massachusetts.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When there is no respect for human beings?""
  • MEMRI - Middle East Media Research Institute 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.memri.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But the church Jesus founded has no divisions.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

.At the beginning of the 19th century this question was the occasion of great and long-continued discussion, in which the celebrated Robert Hall (1764-1831) took a principal part.^ From an early date Scotland had been in course of preparation for the part it was to act in the great movement of the sixteenth century.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In his bull for anointing King Robert the Bruce, in the beginning of the fourteenth century, John XXII. complains that Scotland was still defiled by the presence of heretics.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The great manifesto of classical Protestant liberalism appeared at the very beginning of the twentieth century.
  • Classical Protestant Liberalism and Early A.A. 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC hindsfoot.org [Source type: Original source]

The practice of mixed communion gradually spread in the denomination. .Still more recently many Baptist churches have considered it right to admit to full membership persons professing faith in Christ, who do not agree with them respecting the ordinance of baptism.^ Once the child is old enough to profess faith clearly, they may then be baptised into full membership of the church.

^ If one tried to say "but Christ says here that you're wrong" it would be said that the Church is the authoritative interpreter of Scripture, and according to its interpretation, it is right.
  • Soc.Religion.Christian 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC geneva.rutgers.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ (Those who may teach in the Church are: The apostles and their successors; only those set aside by Christ Himself those who are ordained; those who are sent by the Church; those especially appointed and called by Christ, through His Church and in His Church.
  • Missionary Conversations with Protestant Sectarians 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.apostle1.com [Source type: Original source]

.Such churches justify their practice on the ground that they ought to grant to all their fellow-Christians the same right of private judgment as they claim for themselves.^ They claimed apostolic origin for themselves.
  • 2. Baptists and the Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And, first, as to the practice of other Christian churches.
  • Presbyterians and Instrumental Music: Breckenridge 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.piney.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Private judgment in practice .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.It may not be out of place here to correct the mistake, which is by no means uncommon, that the terms Particular and General as applied to Baptist congregations were intended to express this difference in their practice, whereas these terms related, as has been already said, to the difference in their doctrinal views.^ Practice differed from person to person and from place to place.
  • Multitext - Ireland: culture & religion, 1815–1870 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC multitext.ucc.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So they decided to correct these mistakes.
  • The Present Protestant Dilemma - Sermon Notes 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.stepstolife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Particular Baptists emerged out of an Independent congregation.

.The difference now under consideration is expressed by the terms "strict" and "open," according as communion (or membership) is or is not confined to persons who, according to their view, are baptized.^ This resulted in the Half-Way Covenant of 1657 and 1662 that permitted baptized, moral, and orthodox persons to share in the privileges of church membership except for partaking of communion.
  • Protestantism (Christianity) :: The Reformation in England and Scotland -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The citizens, but too familiar with the horrors of a foreign occupation, and not knowing as yet the difference between the orderly and disciplined soldiers of Gustavus and the marauders who served under Tilly and Wallenstein, were unwilling to open their gates.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There was a union between those who stood on the ground of State-churchism, and later of those who had long maintained different views about the Burgess oath.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

In 1891, largely under the influence of Dr john Clifford, a leading General Baptist, the two denominations, General and Particular, were united, there being now but one body called "The Baptist Union of Great Britain and Ireland." This Union, however, is purely voluntary, and some Baptist churches, a few of them prosperous and powerful, hold aloof from their sister churches so far as organization is concerned.
.There are other Baptist bodies outside the Baptist Union beside certain isolated churches.^ Catholics , Baptists and other Protestant churches.
  • Florida Catholic-Protestant Relation News - Religion Today 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC religion.einnews.com [Source type: News]

^ The area also has Baptist, Evangelical, Methodist, Full Gospel, Presbyterian, Christian Reformed, and various other churches with Chinese pastors, Chinese-language services, and mainly Chinese congregations.

^ The word Protestants, according to a dictionary definition, is a member of any of certain Christian churches which ultimately have split from the Roman Catholic Church since the 16th century, Baptists, Presbyterians, Methodists and many others; or, one who protests.
  • Three Principles of Protestantism by James E. McGoldrick 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.the-highway.com [Source type: Original source]

.Throughout England there are many "Strict" Baptist churches which really form a separate denomination.^ Q: Is there any real difference among the mainline denominations?
  • Mainline Protestant 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.patheos.com [Source type: General]

^ Two acts of Parliament now separated England once more from the Papacy and gave the English Church practically the form and doctrines which it retains to-day.
  • "Protestantism In England Treatment Of Roman Catholics Protestantism In Ireland Elizabeth And Mary Queen Of Scots Elizabeth And Philip Ii" by Webster, Hutton 344/371 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC early-european-history.t.ebooks2ebooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Often, there would be many competing forms of the religion in a given city -- much like today.

For the most part they are linked together according to geographical distribution in associations, such as the "Metropolitan Association of Strict Baptist Churches," and the "Suffolk and Norfolk Association of Particular Baptist Churches." In the latter case the name "Particular" is preferred, but the association holds aloof from other Baptist churches because its principles are "strict." .There is, however, no national Union.^ He may have been partially admitted into the secret by the conspirators; but however he came by his knowledge, there can be no doubt that a plot there was.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If there was manifested any disposition to shut it out of the National Constitution, it did not succeed, There were men who had thought deeply, who were determined that no union of Church and State should be permitted in this country.
  • Protestant Menace To Our Government 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Practically speaking, however, there is no choice except to treat the first thousand years in the East and fifteen hundred in the West under Roman Catholicism.

.Indeed, the Strict Baptists are themselves divided into the "Standard" and "Vessel" parties - names derived from the "Gospel Standard" and "Earthen Vessel," the organs of the rival groups.^ Baptists came into existence as two distinct groups, with somewhat different beliefs and practices, but with believer’s baptism in common.

^ Well into the third quarter of the seventeenth century Baptists were not entirely an immersionist group.
  • Baptist: Their Historical Relation to the Protestant Reformation And the RomanCatholic Church 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.biblicalstudies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As these Separatists grew so that it became dangerous for them to meet openly, they divided into two groups for convenience.

.The general characteristic of the Strict Baptists is their rigorous adherence to a type of Calvinistic theology now generally obsolete, and their insistence upon baptism as the condition of Christian communion.^ Since the stress is on baptism of believers, the attitude towards this sacrament is characteristic of Baptist theology as a whole.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Generally, only two sacraments (also known as Ordinances ) are recognised: Baptism and the Eucharist (often called 'Holy Communion' or the 'Lord's Supper').
  • Comparison Table between Orthodoxy, Protestantism and Roman Catholicism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC christianityinview.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By statement of previous profession of faith and baptism in another Christian church and now requesting baptism by immersion in this church.
  • Rules, Policies & Procedures: First Baptist Church, Greenville SC 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.firstbaptistgreenville.com [Source type: Original source]

Their loose organization makes it impossible to obtain accurate statistics, but the number of their adherents is small. .There is a strict Baptist Missionary Society (founded 1860, refounded 1897) which conducts mission work in South India.^ Wallace or Oscar Straus, from America, their testimony has been one of unvarying praise for the conduct of the mission work, and those who have had longest experience have been slow to condemn, even where their judgment could not coincide with that of the missionaries.
  • Protestant Missions in Turkey 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC armenianhouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Soon after its organization in 1804 colporteurs were sent inland from Smyrna, and subsequent missionaries found to a considerable degree traces of their work.
  • Protestant Missions in Turkey 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC armenianhouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I would like to know if there are any non-funeral Memorial Services conducted within the Baptist / fundamentalist part of Christianity.
  • Question: Protestant Memorial Services 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.chnetwork.org [Source type: General]

.The income of this society was X1146 in 1905. It comprises 730 church members and 72 pastors and workers.^ I was one of the 'pastors/leaders' of a 50 'member' or so home church where most of those participating held almost exactly those views which you outline.

^ As a result, seeker church pastors make orthodox theology less offensive and more civil for a pluralistic society.

^ John is a member of the Witherspoon board, and is designated pastor of North Presbyterian Church in Flushing, NY. .

.The Baptists early felt the necessity of providing an educated ministry for their congregations.^ They have also had some assistance in their schools, but for education, even of the ministry, their chief reliance has been the common schools provided by the State.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Some of their leading pastors had been educated in one or other of the English universities.^ We'll have two classes this winter, one on the Pastoral and Short Letters and the other on Esther.
  • Redland Baptist Church in Rockville, Maryland, A Grace-Driven Church for a Grace-Needing World 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.redlandbaptist.org [Source type: General]

^ Even if they were my reaction is that I want to live in my culture, not some other one.
  • ParaPundit: Samuel P. Huntington On Cosmopolitans, Imperialists, And Nationalists 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.parapundit.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of South America’s leading figures in Methodist higher education will be honored by MartinMethodistCollege on Tuesday, Oct.

.Others had by their own efforts obtained a large amount of learning, amongst whom Dr John Gill was eminent for his knowledge of Hebrew, as shown in his Exposition of the Holy Scriptures, a work in 9 vols.^ The Protestant Reformers agreed that every individual believer ought to have a working knowledge of Scripture.
  • Protestantism: Both Orthodox and Catholic! — Why Creeds and Confessions? 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.forerunner.com [Source type: Original source]

^ III. The general histories of Prussia by Stenzel , Droysen , Voigt (large work, 1827–39, in 9 vols.; condensed ed.
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Jesus Christ, as He is attested to us in Holy Scripture, is the one Word of God, whom we have to hear and whom we have to trust and obey in life and in death.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

.folio, 1746-1766. Edward Terrill, who died in 1685, left a considerable part of his estate for the instruction of young men desiring to be trained for the ministry, under the superintendence of the pastor of the Broadmead Church, Bristol, of which he was a member.^ We can discipline church members who sin.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Whereas the Roman Church appealed to men and women as members of a group (i.e., members of the Church), Lutheranism meant that faith was now something individual, and this would have profound consequences..
  • Lecture 3: The Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.historyguide.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Richard May, a church member who grew up in and still lives in Chinatown, described the relationship between the community and St. Therese Church.

.Other bequests for the same purpose were made, and from the year 1720 the Baptist Academy, as it was then called, received young men as students for the ministry among the Baptists.^ The others are students preparing for the ministry, or catechists.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Presbytery of Patapsco in Maryland was received in 1867; the same year the Alabama presbytery of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church, and three years later the Associate Reformed Presbytery of Kentucky were received.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lutheranism in Other Countries of Europe (a) Poland Lutheranism was introduced into Poland during the reign of Sigismund I (1501-48) by young men who had made their studies at Wittenberg.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1770 the Bristol Education Society was formed to enlarge this academy; and about the year 1811 the present Bristol Baptist College was erected.^ In Basutoland there is a yet larger native Presbyterian church, where the Paris Missionary Society about fifty years ago commenced a mission.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ December of the same year, at the high price of one guilder and a half per copy (about twenty-five marks of the present value).
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first Lutheran congregation in the Colonies was formed about l5 years later at Ft.

.In the north of England a similar education society was formed in 1804 at Bradford, Yorkshire, which has since been removed to Rawdon, near Leeds.^ It was removed to Concord, New Hampshire , in 1847, and has formed since 1867 part of Boston University.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Methodism 21 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In strict monastic societies, almost all forms of technology are considered useless since they do not further one's spiritual journey.
  • Protestant vs Buddhist Economics 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: Original source]

.In London another college was formed in 18to at Stepney; it was removed to Regent's Park in 1856. The Pastors' College in connexion with the Metropolitan Tabernacle was instituted in 1856, and in 1866 the present Baptist College at Manchester was instituted at Bury in the interests of the "Strict" Baptist views.^ President Clinton's own Baptist pastor has met with hostility for not ousting the nation's chief executive from his church for holding liberal views on homosexuality and abortion.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is usually the less strict forms of Buddhism that interest Western critics of science and technology.
  • Protestant vs Buddhist Economics 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When Clum arrived in 1870, the college was still closely associated with another denominational institution, New Brunswick Theological Seminary.
  • DOUGLAS FIRTH ANDERSON | PROTESTANTISM, PROGRESS, AND PROSPERITY: JOHN P. CLUM AND "CIVILIZING" THE U. S. SOUTHWEST, 1871-1886 | The Western Historical Quarterly, 33.3 | The History Cooperative 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Besides these, which were voluntary colleges not under denominational control, the General Baptists maintained a college since 1797, which, since the amalgamation of the two Baptist bodies, has become also a voluntary institution, though previously supported by the General Baptist Association.^ At this point, several officials in the General Office of the denomination had become aware of the group and were quietly supportive, some to the point of participation.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When church bodies began, under Constantine, to acquire endowments, these bodies were Episcopal, at most, or even still Presbyterian.
  • Popery 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.reformed.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ever since there has been conflict between these two synods .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Lutherans and Lutheranism 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

It is called the "Midland Baptist College," and is situated in Nottingham. .There is also a Baptist theological college in Glasgow, and there are two colleges in Wales and one in Ireland.^ If there is one exception there could be two exceptions.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are also four large merchandise warehouses, two at Tokio , one at Osaka , and one at Yokohama.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The two Calvinistic Methodist theological colleges at Aberystwyth and Bala are associated with the University of Wales, for whose degrees in divinity candidates are prepared.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

The total number of students in these institutions is about 210.
.The Baptists were the first denomination of British Christians to undertake in a systematic way that work of missions to the heathen, which became so prominent a feature in the religious activity of the 19th century.^ The Baptist denomination dates from the seventeenth century; the Baptist faith, we believe, dates from the first century.

^ The spread of missions - Revivalism in the 19th century .
  • Protestantism (Christianity) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]
  • Protestantism (Christianity) :: The Reformation in England and Scotland -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Alliance has not historically weighed in on social ethical issues, not because they are unimportant, nor because it is inappropriate for Christians to do so, but because of the mission of the Alliance which is "to call the twenty-first century church to reformation, according to Scripture, so that it recovers clarity...
  • Mainline Protestant (Religion) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As early as the year 1784 the Northamptonshire Association of Baptist churches resolved to recommend that the first Monday of every month should be set apart for prayer for the spread of the gospel.^ The First Baptist Church of Charleston was instrumental in organizing the association.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Subsequently, I had a genuine conversion experience 28 years ago and am currently a Southern Baptist; however, I am seriously looking into conversion to the Catholic Church by next Easter.
  • Catholic-Protestant Marriages - Catholic Answers Forums 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

^ The area also has Baptist, Evangelical, Methodist, Full Gospel, Presbyterian, Christian Reformed, and various other churches with Chinese pastors, Chinese-language services, and mainly Chinese congregations.

.Shortly after, in 1792, the Baptist Missionary Society was formed at Kettering in Northamptonshire, after a sermon on Isaiah lii.^ This revitalized Reformed theology gave birth to the modern missionary movement with the formation of the Particular Baptist Missionary Society in 1792.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

2, 3, preached by William Carey (1761-1834), the prime mover in the work, in which he urged two points: "Expect great things from God; attempt great things for God." In the course of the following year Carey sailed for India, where he was joined a few years later by Marshman and Ward, and the mission was established at Serampore. .The great work of Dr Carey's life was the translation of the Bible into the various languages and dialects of India.^ Probably the most significant was the translation of Scripture into the various vernaculars.
  • History of Protestant Missions in Zimbabwe 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wmausa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is thought that he was singled out because he had helped translate the Matthews Bible and we know how much the Great Harlot hated that blessed book.

^ Jerome was the first to consider them of lesser value and coined the term Apocrypha at the time he translated the Bible into the Latin Vulgate.
  • Will the Real Martin Luther Please Stand Up 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.fairlds.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The society's operations are now carried on, not only in the East, but in the West Indies, China, Africa (chiefly on the Congo river), and Europe.^ The seas which surround Japan are the Pacific Ocean on the east, the Sea of Okhotsk on the North, the Sea of Japan on the west, and the China Sea on the south.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The fearful disaster broke out in 1347 and swept the whole of Europe from east to west.

^ By the aid of this committee Scottish services are maintained at various stations in India, Ceylon, Egypt, the West Indies, and East Africa.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.In regard to church government, the Baptists agree with the Congregationalists that each separate church is complete in itself, and has, therefore, power to choose its own ministers and to make such regulations as it deems to be most in accordance with the purpose of its existence, that is, the advancement of the kingdom of Christ.^ Each regards itself as part of the 'Invisible Church' i.e.

^ Whereas the Roman Catholic priest is seen as a mediator of God’s grace through his administration of the sacraments, the Protestant minister is regarded as one of the laity who has been trained to perform certain church functions (such as preaching and administering the sacraments).
  • PROTESTANTISM, 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They were stuck with the rotten king, suffering the consequences, until such time that God deemed it was time to make the change!
  • The Christian Worldview Forum • View topic - Has Protestantism Failed? 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.americanvision.org [Source type: Original source]

.A comparatively small section of the denomination maintain that a "plurality of elders" or pastors is required for the complete organization of every separate church.^ Lesbigays have organized in every Christian denomination.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Denominational lines are less closely drawn than of old, there is a disposition to set aside minor differences in the interest of Christian fellowship, and separate organizations have been united in England and America among the Congregational, Methodist, and Presbyterian Churches.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Protestantism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Wesley always intended to remain within the Church of England , circumstances gradually led him to give his evangelistic movement a separate organization.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Methodism 21 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is the distinctive peculiarity of those churches in Scotland and the north of England which are known as Scotch Baptists. The largest church of this section, consisting of approximately 500 members, originated in Edinburgh in 1765, before which date only one Baptist church - that of Keiss in Caithness, formed about 1750 - appears to have existed in Scotland.^ It was about Scripture, the only authority in the church and over the church!
  • The Reformation and Twentieth Century Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.prca.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One, but not the only expression of the ecumenical movement, has been the move to form united churches, such as the Church of South India , the Church of North India , The US-based United Church of Christ , The United Church of Canada and the Uniting Church in Australia .
  • Protestant.eu 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.protestant.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Anglican and Lutheran churches have maintained liturgies and rituals similar to those of the Roman Catholic Church, whereas other denominations, such as Baptists, Presbyterians, Pentecostals, and United Church of Christ, have developed less liturgical forms of worship.
  • Protestantism Origins, Protestantism History, Protestantism Beliefs 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.patheos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The greater number of the churches are united in association voluntarily formed, all of them determined by geographical limits.^ All the missions have been entrusted to the United Church.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One, but not the only expression of the ecumenical movement, has been the move to form united churches, such as the Church of South India , the Church of North India , The US-based United Church of Christ , The United Church of Canada and the Uniting Church in Australia .
  • Protestant.eu 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.protestant.eu [Source type: Original source]

^ Among Congregationalists a church is a number of persons giving credible evidence of regeneration, united by a covenant for the purpose of Christian worship and mutual watch and care.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

.The associations, as well as the churches not in connexion with them, are united together in the Baptist Union of Great Britain and Ireland, formed in 1813 by the Particular Baptists.^ Anglican and Lutheran churches have maintained liturgies and rituals similar to those of the Roman Catholic Church, whereas other denominations, such as Baptists, Presbyterians, Pentecostals, and United Church of Christ, have developed less liturgical forms of worship.
  • Protestantism Origins, Protestantism History, Protestantism Beliefs 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.patheos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These Particular or Calvinistic Baptists emerged during the 1630s when a Calvinistic Separatist church came to believe that baptism should be administered only to believers.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The "Societies," the monthly association held at Trevecca and other parts of Wales, together with the quarterly associations, are the basis of the organization of the Calvinistic Methodist Church.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.This union, however, exerts no authoritative action over the separate churches.^ It is the result of these unions that is found in the United Original Secession Church, the half of which united with the Free Church in 1852; and the other half still maintains a separate organization.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This church has discussed the question of union with some of the other denominations in Australia, but as yet no decisive step has been taken in that direction.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1900, however, the complete separation of Church and State has begun everywhere in Germany.
  • Protestantism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

.One important part of the work of the union is the collection of information in which all the churches are interested.^ The largest and, with one exception, the oldest of the American Presbyterian churches is the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, and into it have been gathered elements from all the others.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Let us then submit humbly to the holy church universal, and follow their works who acted with one mind and one faith and taught us.
  • 2. Baptists and the Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These controversies in one way played a useful part by awakening general interest in the advance of Biblical scholarship.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

In 1909 there were in the United Kingdom: Baptist churches, 3046; chapels, 4124; sittings, 1,450,352; members, 424,008; Sunday school teachers, 58,687; Sunday scholars, 57 8 ,344; local preachers, 5615; and pastors in charge, 2078.
.At the beginning of the 20th century the Baptist Union collected a "Twentieth Century Fund" of £250,000, which has largely assisted the formation of new churches, and gives an indication of the unity and virility of the denomination.^ One of the most famous Baptists of the 20th century was Martin Luther King (1929-1968), the great American civil rights leader.

^ Well into the twentieth century, Lutherans were uncomfortable with their relation to other Protestant churches.
  • The Death of Protestant America: A Political Theory of the Protestant Mainline | First Things 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ BASTROP – A crop of giving is sprouting here, ever since Grace Baptist Church planted the seed.
  • The Baptist Message Online 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC baptistmessage.com [Source type: News]

.A still stronger evidence to the same effect was given by the Religious Census taken in 1904. While this only applied to London, its results are valuable as showing the comparative strength of the Baptist Church.^ These Particular or Calvinistic Baptists emerged during the 1630s when a Calvinistic Separatist church came to believe that baptism should be administered only to believers.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Because of the political climate, this Second London Confession was not published openly until 1689 when it was issued with the endorsement of 107 Baptist churches across England and Wales.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Both these churches from an early period in their history had given great attention to' church extension, and to the religious needs of the native population.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

These results are to the effect that in all respects the Baptists come second to the Anglicans in the following three particulars:-(I) Percentage of attendances at public worship contributed by Baptists, Io 81 (London County), 10.70 (Greater London); (2) aggregate of attendances, 54'597; (3) number of places of worship, 443.
.2. The Continent of Europe.-During the 19th century what we have called the modern Baptist movement made its appearance in nearly every European country.^ During the Qajar Dynasty (1796-1925), major shifts became evident in the interrelations between state and religion; since the 19th century, the clergy has been at the forefront of popular anti-regime movements.
  • MEMRI - Middle East Media Research Institute 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.memri.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In almost all other Christian countries toleration was made a principle of the law of the land during the 19th century, at least with reference to Catholics and Protestants, in most cases with reference to all sorts of Christian sects, old and new.
  • Protestantism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During the early decades of the twentieth century there were many social changes affecting the Germanspeaking churches in this country.
  • The German Evangelical Protestants 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.ucc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Roman Catholic countries Baptist churches were formed by missionaries coming from either England or America: work in France began in 1832, in Italy missions were started in 1866 (Spezia Mission) and in 1884 (Baptist Missionary Society, which also has a mission in Brittany), and in Spain in 1888. In Protestant countries and in Russia the Baptist movement began without missionary intervention from England or America.^ Roman Catholic church.
  • PROTESTANTISM, 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Until that day comes, there will always be Protestants and Roman Catholics in separate churches.
  • Protestants and Roman Catholics — Why Creeds and Confessions? 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.forerunner.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And for the Protestants we said the church of the English, since it was the London Missionary Society 7 .
  • The Growth of Pentecostalism in French Polynesia: A Hakka History - China perspectives 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC chinaperspectives.revues.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.J. G. Oncken (1800-1884) formed the first church in Hamburg in 1834, and thereafter Baptist churches were formed in other countries as follows:- Denmark (1839), Holland and Sweden (1848), Switzerland (1849), Norway (1860), Austria and Rumania (1869), Hungary (1871), and Bulgaria (1884).^ With apologies to Yogi Berra who said, 'The future just ain't what it used to be,' it may be for the people of First Baptist Church in San Antonio.
  • Baptist Ministries - Baptist Web Portal A ministry of Bob and Maureen Hoffman - Missionaries to Cyberspace 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC baptist-ministries.org [Source type: General]

^ Calvin came on the stage a short time after Luther; under him and his coadjutors a distinct party arose, which at first bore his name; but in process of time his followers became distinguished by the name of the Reformed church or churches; they prevailed mostly in Switzerland, but spread into France and other parts of Europe.
  • 2. Baptists and the Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The governing bodies of the particular churches are known as sessions, consisting each of a pastor and a number of elders, elected by the people, and forming the first of the church courts.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Baptist churches also began to be formed in Russia and Finland in the 'fifties and 'sixties.^ When the reformation began, and the protestant religions formed, they didnt get rid of Everything that represented the catholic church, and Saints play an important role in christianity.
  • Angels and Saints in Catholicism and Protestantism - Literature Network Forums 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.online-literature.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Grand Duchy of Finland, formerly united to Sweden , but now (since 1809) a Province of Russia , maintains Lutheranism as the national Church.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Lutherans and Lutheranism 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It began as a Particular Baptist church, having formally adopted the Second London Confession.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

3. British Colonies.-In every colony the Baptists have a considerable place. .There are unions of Baptist churches in the following colonies:-New South Wales, Victoria, S. Australia, Western Australia, Queensland, New Zealand, Tasmania, Canada (four Unions) and S. Africa.^ Union of Baptist Churches in Switzerland * .
  • Baptist World Alliance - 2008 Statistics Report 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.bwanet.org [Source type: Reference]

^ He also gave a special distinguished service award to Joe McKeever, director of missions for the Baptist Association of Greater New Orleans, for his ministry following Hurricane Katrina.
  • The Baptist Message Online 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC baptistmessage.com [Source type: News]

^ Subsequently, the Synod of Eastern Australia united with the Synod of New South Wales and then, in 1865, the Synod of Australia joined this united body, the doubly united church taking the name of The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of New South Wales.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The work in S. Africa is assisted by the Baptist South African Missionary and Colonial Aid Society, having its seat in London.^ The missionaries of the London Missionary Society reached (...
  • The Growth of Pentecostalism in French Polynesia: A Hakka History - China perspectives 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC chinaperspectives.revues.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They stopped at Malta and conferred with the representatives of the Church Missionary and London Missionary Societies of England, and then went to Smyrna.
  • Protestant Missions in Turkey 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC armenianhouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This revitalized Reformed theology gave birth to the modern missionary movement with the formation of the Particular Baptist Missionary Society in 1792.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

Churches. Members.
United States-
National Baptist Convention . 16, 99 6 2,110,269
Southern Baptist Convention . 20, 43 1 1,832,638
"Disciples of Christ". . I 1,157 1 ,235,798
Thirty-five Northern States . 8, 8 94 986,821
Fourteen other Bodies 7,9 21 414,775
Australasia. . 270 23,253
Canada 985 103,062
S. Africa 52 4,865
United Kingdom 2 ,934 426,563
Austria Hungary 37 9,783
Denmark .Finland 2 943 3,9542,301
France 28 2,278
Germany . 180 32,462
Italy . 53 1,375
Mexico and Central America 58 1,820
Netherlands. . 22 1,413
Norway . 39 2,849
Rumania and Bulgaria . 5 374
1 Russia and Poland 131 24,136
S. America . 63 3,641
Spain .Sweden 75 6 7 24543,305
Switzerland . 8 796
West Indies . 318 42,310
CeylonChina . 251 37 1,04412,160
.The Baptist World Alliance was formed in 1905, when the first Baptist World Congress was held in London.^ The idea was first broached at Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1910, and by 1921 the International Missionary Council was formed at London to become the chief organ of liaison for Protestant evangelism.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first Baptist church was formed there in Pennepek in 1688 by Elias Keach, the son of the famous Benjamin Keach, a Particular Baptist pastor in England.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Baptist World Alliance - 2008 Statistics Report .
  • Baptist World Alliance - 2008 Statistics Report 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.bwanet.org [Source type: Reference]

The preamble of the constitution of this Alliance sufficiently indicates its nature: "Whereas, in the providence of God, the time has come when it seems fitting more fully to manifest the essential oneness in the Lord Jesus Christ, as their God and Saviour, of the churches of the Baptist order and faith throughout the world, and to promote the spirit of fellowship, service and co-operation among them, while recognizing the independence of each particular church and not assuming the functions of any existing organization, it is agreed to form a Baptist alliance, extending over every part of the world." This alliance does in fact include Baptists in every quarter of the globe, as will be seen from the following statistics: The figures for Russia include only the German-speaking Baptists. It is impossible to ascertain the numbers of properly Russian Baptists. Estimates have been made which vary from 60,000 to 100, 000.
I,215 121,716.
40 2,326,
I 106
4 425 21 4,673 Io 629 Total. .72,681 7,454,165 In 1909 the comparative totals were roughly: - 72,988. churches; 7,480,940 members.^ But the biggest increase came from the Orthodox Church in America, which reported a 6 percent increase, bringing total membership to about 1 million members.
  • Fast Facts about American Religion 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC hirr.hartsem.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In both sets of figures the Disciples of Christ (U.S.A.) are included.^ Thus it is to the advantage of the disciples, not Christ, both to have Christ abiding in them and to abide in Christ.
  • Protestants and Roman Catholics — Why Creeds and Confessions? 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.forerunner.com [Source type: Original source]

Literature. -Thomas .Crosby, The History of the English Baptists (4 vols.^ (Christian, John, A History of Baptists, Vol.
  • 2. Baptists and the Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A wide variety of “heresies” were charged against Wightman but as Thomas Crosby, author of The History of the English Baptists (1738) observes: “Many of the heresies they charge upon him are so foolish and inconsistent, that it very much discredits what they say.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

.London, 1738-1740); D. Masson, Life of John Milton in Connexion with the History of his Time (6 vols.^ History of his own Time, vol.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Burnet, History of his own Time, vol.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ C. John Tracy Ellis "For the first time in history .
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

1859-1880, new ed. 1881, &c.); .B. Evans, The Early English Baptists, i.^ If there be no hope left, then the obstinate are put to death” (Evans, The Early English Baptists , chapter 2).
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

ii.
.(1862-1864); H. C. Vedder, A Short History of the Baptists (London, 1897); A. H. Newman, A Manual of Church History (Philadelphia, 1900-1903); R. Heath, Anabaptism (1895); C. Williams, The Principles and Practices of the Baptists (1903); E. C. Pike, The Story of the Anabaptists (1904); J. H. Shakespeare, Baptist and Congregational Pioneers; J. G. Lehmann, Geschichte der deutschen Baptisten (1896-1900); G. Tumbillt, Die Wiederteiufer (Bielefeld, 1899); The Baptist Handbook (annually); The Baptist World Congress, 1905; The Religious Census of London (1904).^ The year 1900 is another historic date in Scottish church history.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Both these churches from an early period in their history had given great attention to' church extension, and to the religious needs of the native population.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (A Concise History of Baptists, G. H. Orchard, Ashland Avenue Baptist Church, Lexington, Kentucky, republication, 1956, pages 53-57) .
  • 2. Baptists and the Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

.(N. H. M.) 4. United States of America.-The first Baptist Church in America was that founded in the Providence settlement on Narragansett Bay under the leadership of Roger Williams.^ With apologies to Yogi Berra who said, 'The future just ain't what it used to be,' it may be for the people of First Baptist Church in San Antonio.
  • Baptist Ministries - Baptist Web Portal A ministry of Bob and Maureen Hoffman - Missionaries to Cyberspace 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC baptist-ministries.org [Source type: General]

^ They have some similarities with the mega-churches in the United States, though the strongly charismatic element makes them different.

^ The largest and, with one exception, the oldest of the American Presbyterian churches is the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, and into it have been gathered elements from all the others.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Having been sentenced to banishment (October 1635) by the Massachusetts Court because of his persistence in advocating separatistic views deemed unsettling and dangerous, to escape deportation to England he betook himself (January 1636) to the wilderness, where he was hospitably entertained.^ But on October 9, 1635, he was banished from the colony for preaching “new and dangerous opinions.” He was given six weeks to leave, and in January, he was forced into the wilderness in the midst of a brutal New England winter.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Following are some examples of the Protestant persecutions in the early history of Massachusetts before the formation of the American union: ROGER WILLIAMS was banished from Massachusetts in 1635.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

by the natives who gave him a tract of land for a settlement. .Having been joined by a few friends from Massachusetts, Williams founded a commonwealth in which absolute religious liberty was combined with civil democracy.^ However deistical and enlightened some of the Founding Fathers may have been, Deism and the Enlightenment provided little of the religious liberty they put in the Bill of Rights.
  • The Death of Protestant America: A Political Theory of the Protestant Mainline | First Things 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A Huguenot political party was formed in 1573 to fight for religious and civil liberties.
  • "Bad" Protestants - North Forest 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Take a look at it if you're thinking about joining us -- and print a few to share with friends!

.In the firm conviction that churches of Christ should be made up exclusively of regenerate members, the baptism of infants appeared to him not only valueless but a perversion of a Christian ordinance.^ The church are the members of Christ.
  • Early Church was more Catholic than Protestantism - Catholic Answers Forums 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

^ He is a Engineer - Non IT. I am Ebenezer Premanand, christian, accepted chirs I am Ebenezer Premanand christian accepted chirst as my saviour Brought up in a close knit family We are regular church goers and active member in church activities such as music And about me I am ...
  • Tamil Christian Protestant Bride, Girl Girls, Christian Protestant Groom Boy Boys Matrimony 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.tamilmatrimony.com [Source type: General]

^ (Those who may teach in the Church are: The apostles and their successors; only those set aside by Christ Himself those who are ordained; those who are sent by the Church; those especially appointed and called by Christ, through His Church and in His Church.
  • Missionary Conversations with Protestant Sectarians 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.apostle1.com [Source type: Original source]

.About March 1639, with eleven others, he decided to restore believers' baptism and to form a church of baptized believers.^ Their stated purpose was “to hold forth a lively experiment, that a most flourishing civil state may stand and best be maintained with full liberty in religious concernments.” In March 1639, Roger Williams was publicly immersed in baptism, and the first Baptist church of Rhode Island was formed.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As a Roman Catholic who completely believes in the Magisterium and the Church as the only means to salvation, I have a very conservative feeling about protestant salvation.
  • EWTN.com - Invinsible ignorance and protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: General]

^ Toward the end of the nineteenth century, many within the holiness movement began to speak about and seek for the "baptism of fire.” One branch of the holiness movement was called the "Fire-Baptized Holiness Church" (originating in Iowa in 1895 and led by Benjamin Irwin).
  • Protestant Revivalism, Pentecostal ism and the Drift Back to Rome 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.presenttruthmag.com [Source type: Original source]

.Ezekiel Holliman, who had been with him at Plymouth and shared his separatist views, first baptized Williams and Williams baptized the rest of the company.^ Luther, who was often deceived by unworthy ex-priests and ex-monks, distrusted him at first, but became convinced of his integrity, and aided him.
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Even the elector shared in the prevalent alarm; for Spalatin sent to Luther, who was now near the city, to say to him not to enter.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was a designation quite colorless from the religious point of view, and was first used as a political epithet by the opponents of those who signed the protest.
  • Protestantism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

Williams did not long continue to find satisfaction in the step he had taken. .Believing that the ordinances and apostolic church organization had been lost in the general apostasy, he became convinced that it was presumptuous for any man or company of men to undertake their restoration without a special divine commission.^ Institutionally and doctrinally, we believe that the Catholic Church was founded by our Lord Jesus Christ in His commission to Peter, the Rock (that is, the human leader) upon which He built His Church, and that it has maintained the fullness of the apostolic teaching or deposit from that time till now.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The organization of the reformed church as it now exists in Scotland was not achieved without a weary and protracted conflict.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He was convinced that Christ came to seek and save that which was lost, and the Church is commissioned to preach the Gospel of Redemption.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

.He felt compelled to withdraw from the church and to assume the position of a seeker.^ Such an approach does not allow one to specify why any particular person joins a particular church or assumes for the first time in his or her life a leadership position in a church.
  • Cleary: Evangelicals and Competition in Guatemala 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.domcentral.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1843 the Disruption of the Scottish Establishment (see above, I., 1, § 4 ) compelled the Synod of Australia in connection with the Church of Scotland to consider its position in reference to the two Scottish churches.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.He continued on friendly terms with the Baptists of Providence, and in his writings he expressed the conviction that their practice came nearer than that of other communities to the first practice of Christ.^ In so far as the term "protestant" implies a protest against the excesses of the Roman Catholic Church, Baptists are, as it has been observed, "the first to qualify."
  • 2. Baptists and the Protestant Reformation 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The first time (as far as I know) came in response to the report "Sexuality and the Human Community," presented to the 182nd General Assembly in 1970.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Something that was to have a great effect_the British fleet_became far more powerful than any other, and under its protection English trade and control over the East continually grew.

.In November 1637 John Clarke (1609-1676), a physician, of religious zeal and theological acumen, arrived at Boston, where, instead of the religious freedom he was seeking, he found the dominant party in the Antinomian controversy on the point.^ From Huguenots, An Introduction : In their struggles for religious freedom, the Huguenots were driven to become a political party and even a "state within the state," headed by some of the greatest French nobles.
  • "Bad" Protestants - North Forest 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Clearly, federal domination of religious freedom through one established church was the thing that Jefferson decried.
  • The Argument Against Compulsory Prayer in Public Schools 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.datasync.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The liberal party has a theological seminary (founded in 1816) at Amsterdam , while the orthodox provide for theological training by lectures in the university of the same city.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Lutherans and Lutheranism 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

of banishing the .Antinomian minority, including Mrs Anne Hutchinson and her family, John Wheelwright (c. 1592-1679), and William Coddington (1601-1678).^ Hence Roger Williams in 1635 and Anne Hutchinson in 1638 were banished from the colony even though they could declare their experience of the work of grace.
  • Protestantism (Christianity) :: The Reformation in England and Scotland -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Whether from sympathy with the persecuted or aversion to the persecutors, he cast in his lot with the former and after two unsuccessful attempts at settlement assisted the fugitives in forming a colony on the island of Aquidnek (Rhode Island), procured from the Indians through.^ Another attempt to rescue Patrick from the hands of his persecutors was also unsuccessful.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The persecution in Scotland led many to seek refuge in the American colonies, and in many localities societies were formed on the basis of Reformation principles.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Indians helped him, and in June, he traveled by canoe up a river to Rhode Island and established the settlement of Providence.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

the good offices of Williams. .By 1641 there were, according to John Winthrop, "professed Anabaptists" on the island, and Clarke was probably their leader.^ At the instigation of Luther and Melanchthon there was issued, in 1528, by the Elector John of Saxony, an edict to the following effect: " 'Books and pamphlets (of the Anabaptists, Sacramentarians, etc.
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He repeated, there were in that city educated men, who had openly professed a reverence for the atheistical tenets and fiendish maxims of John-Bullism.
  • Newman Reader - Present Position of Catholics - Lecture 1 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.newmanreader.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The next year John Clarke established a Baptist church in Newport, Rhode Island, which by 1644 had adopted immersion as the proper mode.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

.Robert Lenthall, who joined the Newport company in 1640 when driven from Massachusetts, probably brought with him antipaedobaptist convictions.^ Others joined him from Massachusetts and this place became a bastion of religious liberty.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Had they now joined battle, victory would probably have declared in their favor, and if defeated they were in the midst of a friendly population who would have given them safe hiding.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

Mrs Scott, sister of Mrs Hutchinson, is thought to have been an aggressive antipaedobaptist when the colony was founded. Mark Lucar, who was baptized by immersion in London. in .January 1642 (N.S.) and was a member of a Baptist church there, reached Newport about 1644. A few years later we find.^ Within four years, there were about 50 churches.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Baptist Missionaries Don's Auto Page We hope you find this list helpful.  Please let us know if you have a problem or comment  about any of these church sites.  e-mail us at: don @bn66.com .
  • Baptist Church Web Sites South East 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC bn66.com [Source type: General]
  • Baptist Church Web Sites South West 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC bn66.com [Source type: News]

^ Oh, a few years here and there, but I've tended to stay Catholic in my European games, largely because it made sense at the time.
  • Learning Protestantism with Livonia - Paradox Interactive Forums 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.europa-universalis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

India. Japan. Palestine Philippines Congo. .West Africa him associated with Clarke as one of the most active members of the Newport church, and as the date of the organization is uncertain, there is some reason to suspect that he was a constituent member, and that asabaptized man he took the initiative in baptizing and organizing.^ Here are some early teaching that there was one church.
  • Early Church was more Catholic than Protestantism - Catholic Answers Forums 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

^ For faith, unless hope and charity be added thereto, neither unites man perfectly with Christ, nor makes him a living member of His body.
  • Insight Scoop | The Ignatius Press Blog: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC insightscoop.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Let us look at the man as the graphic pen of one of his disciples has painted him.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.At any rate we have in Lucar an interesting connecting link between early English and American Baptists.^ The settlement of numerous English Methodists in these provinces after the restoration of peace brought about difficulties respecting allegiance and jurisdiction between the English and American branches.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Methodism 21 January 2010 6:17 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Langley, in his English Baptists before 1602 , mentions churches in nine counties that trace their origin to the days between 1576 and 1600.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If there be no hope left, then the obstinate are put to death” (Evans, The Early English Baptists , chapter 2).
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Providence church maintained a rather feeble existence after Williams's withdrawal, with Thomas Olney (d.^ The Reformed Presbyterian Church began its existence in America in 1774, through the organization of a presbytery in that year by the Rev. John Cuthbertson, William Lind, and Alexander Dobbin.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Free Church of Scotland began its separate existence at the disruption of the Church of Scotland in 1843 (see above, 1, § 4 ), under the leadership of Dr. Thomas Chalmers.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The synod of Otago provided that it should continue its separate existence as an independent church organization for the sake of preserving its interest in and control of the endowment it had received from the company.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

1682), William Wickenden, Chad Brown (d. 1665) and Gregory Dexter as leading members. .A schism occurred in 1652, the last three with a majority of the members contending for general redemption and for the laying on of hands as indispensable to fellowship, Olney, with the minority, maintaining particular redemption and rejecting the laying on of hands as an ordinance.^ CONFIRMATION The Bible teaches that there is such a Christian ordinance or Sacrament as confirmation or "the laying on of hands" by which we receive the Holy Ghost.
  • The Catholic Religion Proved by the Protestant Bible 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.olrl.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In particular I sought to understand the connection between my theology and the three major global moral issues of our age.

^ No dialog occurred between between 1985 and 1988, but as a compromise, to sweep everything under the rug, General Convention again called for three years of dialog.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Olney's party became extinct soon after his death in 1682. The surviving church became involved in Socinianism and Universalism, but maintained a somewhat vigorous life and, through Wickenden and others, exerted considerable influence at Newport, in Connecticut, New York and elsewhere.^ New York University, 1984.
  • UT College of Liberal Arts 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.utexas.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ New York: Oxford University, 2002.
  • The Entheogen Theory of Religion and Ego Death 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.egodeath.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New York: Oxford University, 1987.
  • The Entheogen Theory of Religion and Ego Death 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.egodeath.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Dexter became, with Williams and Clarke, a leading statesman in Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.^ They were from a Baptist church in Newport, Rhode Island, and were visiting in the home of the aforementioned William Witter, an elderly Christian brother in Lynn, Massachusetts.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Baptist Roger Williams was banished from Massachusetts in 1635 and founded tolerant Rhode Island (92:208).
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The next year John Clarke established a Baptist church in Newport, Rhode Island, which by 1644 had adopted immersion as the proper mode.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Newport church extended its influence into Massachusetts, and in 1649 we find a group of Baptists at Rehoboth, with Obadiah Holmes as leader.^ Subsequently, I had a genuine conversion experience 28 years ago and am currently a Southern Baptist; however, I am seriously looking into conversion to the Catholic Church by next Easter.
  • Catholic-Protestant Marriages - Catholic Answers Forums 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

^ Lambert seems to have had a remote influence on Scotland, where principles of church government somewhat similar to his own were carried into practice after the model of the Reformed Church of Geneva.
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The gathering of various letters into a Christian New Testament occured because the church was fighting herectical teachings from groups such as the Arians and the Gnostics.
  • Early Church was more Catholic than Protestantism - Catholic Answers Forums 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

.The intolerance of the authorities rendered the prosecution of the work impracticable and these Massachusetts Baptists became members of the Newport church.^ He moved to London and became a schoolmaster and was a member of a Baptist church.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Denk moved to Augsburg, was baptized by the Anabaptist preacher Hubmaier, and became the pastor of a strong Baptist church in that city numbering 1,100.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Every attempt to give this work to the public in England, says Alexander Robertson, in "The Roman Catholic Church in Italy," has been followed by prosecution.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.In 1651 Clarke, Holmes and Joseph Crandall of the Newport church made a religious visit to Lynn, Mass.^ Luther’s love of music was proverbial, and faithful to his memory the churches have made religious songs almost coextensive with divine worship.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The next year John Clarke established a Baptist church in Newport, Rhode Island, which by 1644 had adopted immersion as the proper mode.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I visited the same church on Sunday for the regular mass.
  • Cheshire Christ: Floundering in the Tiber 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.crowhill.net [Source type: Original source]

.While holding a meeting in a private house they were arrested and were compelled to attend the church services of the standing order.^ On Sunday, they conducted a religious service in Witter’s home; and while Mr. Clark was preaching on the text of Revelation 3:10, two constables burst into the house, arrested them, and took them to the prison in Boston.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sargeant interviewed a pastor who sent his staff to meet with executives from Disney to understand better how they run the park, and from this learned better tools to run the church.

^ They felt the necessity of order in their meetings, and of purity in their lives; and with this view they chose elders to watch over their morals, promising subjection to them.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.For holding an unlawful meeting and refusing to participate quietly in the public service they were fined, imprisoned and otherwise maltreated.^ Revolution, the Catholics of Maryland were cut off from all participation in public life, to say nothing of the enactments against their religious services and .
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is customary to hold a public service at the memorial during which Rome's dark deeds are remembered and Biblical truth proclaimed.

^ In addition to imprisonment and other torments, it called for harsh fines not only on all non-conformist worshippers and preachers, but upon the owners of any buildings used for non-conformist meetings.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

.While in England on public business in 1652, Clarke published Ill News from New England, which contained an impressive account of the proceedings against himself and his brethren at Lynn, and an earnest and wellreasoned plea for liberty of conscience.^ "Liberty of conscience " was the cry of the Puritans , which, however, meant liberty for themselves against established Episcopacy.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Liberty of conscience" was the cry of the Puritans, which, however, meant liberty for themselves against established Episcopacy.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/txc/protesta.htm 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The business of publication is conducted through a publishing-house, owned by the church, in Richmond, Va., and a book depository in Texarkana, Tex.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

Henry Dunster (1612-1659), the first president of the college at Cambridge (Harvard), had by 1653 become convinced that "visible believers only should be baptized." Being unwilling to hold his views in abeyance, he relinquished in 1654, under circumstances of considerable hardship, the work that he greatly loved.
.In 1663 John Myles (1621-1683), a Welsh Baptist who had been one of Cromwell's Tryers, with his congregation, took refuge in Massachusetts from the intolerance of the government of Charles II.^ A congregation of such was formed in that city, in the reign of Charles II., while others soon followed in the same city and elsewhere.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Soon after Charles II ascended the throne, the queen-mother, who had been residing in Paris since the execution of her husband, Charles I, came across to pay her son a visit.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But when the lords of the Congregation advanced to meet her, she fled at their approach, and going round by Stirling, took refuge in Edinburgh.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.They were allowed to settle in Rehoboth, Mass., and even after they were discovered to be Baptists they were allowed to remain on condition of establishing their meetingplace at a considerable distance from that of the standing order.^ "Although we neither can nor should force anyone into the faith, yet the masses must be held and driven to it in order that they may know what is right or wrong."
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Foreign Baptists are to be driven out; if they return THEY SHALL BE DROWNED. No one is allowed to secede from the [Zwinglian] church and to absent himself from the Holy Supper.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Even outside the district of Zurich the clergy were not allowed to read Mass or the laity to attend.
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

.Myles did much to promote the growth of the Baptist Church in Massachusetts, and was of service to the denomination in Boston and elsewhere.^ Doctrines like Transubstantiation did not come till much later, and it is rationalized interpretations by statements of early church members.
  • Early Church was more Catholic than Protestantism - Catholic Answers Forums 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

^ Ironically, the Dutch Reformed denomination did later establish church work among the Apaches.
  • DOUGLAS FIRTH ANDERSON | PROTESTANTISM, PROGRESS, AND PROSPERITY: JOHN P. CLUM AND "CIVILIZING" THE U. S. SOUTHWEST, 1871-1886 | The Western Historical Quarterly, 33.3 | The History Cooperative 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indeed, some of his teachings are much closer to those of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints then to those of today's Protestant denominations.
  • Will the Real Martin Luther Please Stand Up 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.fairlds.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thomas Gould of Charlestown seems to have been in close touch with President Dunster and to have shared his antipaedobaptist views as early as 1654. Some time before 1665 several English Baptists had settled in the neighbourhood of Boston and several others had adopted Baptist views.^ And some times they do get adopted.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He did not put on his armor before entering the battle: he had forborne its use for some time owing to his corpulence.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, Cap if Catholic comes from a time before Vatican II. He may not identify much with the church as it is today.
  • The religion of Captain America (Steve Rogers) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.These, with Gould, were baptized (May 1665) and joined with those who had been baptized in England in a church covenant.^ This resulted in the Half-Way Covenant of 1657 and 1662 that permitted baptized, moral, and orthodox persons to share in the privileges of church membership except for partaking of communion.
  • Protestantism (Christianity) :: The Reformation in England and Scotland -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With apologies to Yogi Berra who said, 'The future just ain't what it used to be,' it may be for the people of First Baptist Church in San Antonio.
  • Baptist Ministries - Baptist Web Portal A ministry of Bob and Maureen Hoffman - Missionaries to Cyberspace 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC baptist-ministries.org [Source type: General]

^ Certainly the church has never taught that you can be baptized to affect the salvation of someone who has died.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

.The church was severely persecuted, the members being frequently imprisoned and fined and denied the use of a building they had erected as a meeting-house.^ By using both these terms the Pittsburgh Germans tried to make the character of their church clear to everyone, no matter what language they spoke.
  • The German Evangelical Protestants 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.ucc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As for the waiting to baptise, That is often considered a tradition from under the persecutions, to make sure the church was not being "infultrated" by those wishing to harm christians, and also, to make sure that the people knew what they were getting into.
  • Early Church was more Catholic than Protestantism - Catholic Answers Forums 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

^ After all, the members of the Church are human beings, suffering from the common effect of Adam’s fall which destroyed man’s intrinsic power to do any spiritual good.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

.Long after the Act of Toleration (1689) was in full forcein England, the Boston Baptists pleaded in vain for the privileges to which they were thereby entitled, and it required the most earnest efforts of English Baptists and other dissenters to gain for them a recognition of the right to exist.^ But as to those two books, one of which is entitled Wisdom and the other of which is entitled Ecclesiasticus and which are called of Solomon because of a certain similarity to his books, it is held most certainly that they were written by Jesus Sirach.
  • Protestant Misunderstanding of Catholics 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ About this time, two other Baptists, John Hazel and John Spur, were imprisoned because they encouraged and comforted Holmes after he was whipped.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Because of the political climate, this Second London Confession was not published openly until 1689 when it was issued with the endorsement of 107 Baptist churches across England and Wales.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

.A mandate from Charles II. (July 1679), in which the Massachusetts authorities were sharply rebuked for denying to others the liberty to secure which they themselves had gone into exile, had produced little effect.^ A congregation of such was formed in that city, in the reign of Charles II., while others soon followed in the same city and elsewhere.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They tend to regard Catholicism on the one side, Protestantism on the other, as two mainly opposed religious and moral systems, producing, , opposed and even sharply contrasted moral characters in their individual members.

^ On the other, they campaign for moral and theological changes that, if carried into effect, would tend to destroy their Church.
  • InsideCatholic.com - Liberal Protestantism and Liberal Catholicism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC insidecatholic.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1682 William Screven (1629-1713) and Humphrey Churchwood, members of the Boston church, gathered and organized, with the co-operation of the mother church, a small congregation at Kittery, Me.^ The church reports 3 presbyteries, 19 congregations with 1,400 communicant members, and an income of £8,000 annually.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Alumni, friends, and members of United Methodist churches in several counties will gather in Sparta, Tenn., later this month for an event sponsored by Martin Methodist College.

^ Alumni, friends, and members of United Methodist churches in the Murfreesboro area will gather in Murfreesboro on Thursday, Nov.

.Persecution led to migration, Screven and some of the members making their way to South Carolina, where, with a number of English Baptists of wealth and position, what became the First Baptist church in Charleston, was organized (about 1684).^ This represents the first modern Baptist church on English soil.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The First Baptist Church of Charleston was instrumental in organizing the association.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He moved to London and became a schoolmaster and was a member of a Baptist church.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

.This became one of the most important of early Baptist centres, and through Screven's efforts Baptist principles became widel y disseminated throughout that region.^ The University of Tübingen (founded 1477) became one of the most fruitful nurseries of Protestant theology, in all its phases, from the strictest orthodoxy to the most radical criticism.
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the most important branches of work carried on by the American Board is that of furnishing literature for the people.
  • Protestant Missions in Turkey 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC armenianhouse.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Through the efforts of the Baptists and other lovers of religious liberty, this contained a Bill of Rights guaranteeing freedom of faith.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

The withdrawal of members to form other churches in the neighbourhood and the intrusion of Socinianism almost extinguished the Charleston church about 1746.
.A few Baptists of the general (Arminian) type appeared in Virginia from 1714 onward, and were organized and fostered by missionaries from the English General Baptists.^ In 1742, the Scottish Associate Synod had organized congregations at Newcastle and other places and as the number of these increased not a few of the Old English Presbyterians joined with them.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A "new connection" of General Baptist churches was organized in 1770 and, under the leadership of Dan Taylor, continued on into the nineteenth century.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When describing the decline of the General, or Arminian Baptists of New England in the late eighteenth century, McLoughlin parenthetically identifies the Baptists who were "Calvinists" as "the Separate Baptists."
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

.By 1727 they had invaded North Carolina and a church was constituted there.^ Similar to the symbolic writings of the Lutherans, there are Reformed confessional documents, but they have never played a major role in the Churches’ life and policy.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Seeing the Church on the rise, they are now realizing that in there, they can see their past, which they had long forgotten.
  • Protestantism in search of Orthodoxy 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.impantokratoros.gr [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1706 they were joined by the Rev. John McMillan from the Established Church, and the first presbytery was constituted in 1743.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.From 1643 onward antipaedobaptists from New England and elsewhere had settled in the New Netherlands (New York).^ The new Associate Reformed Church had considerable strength and was scattered over a territory embracing Pennsylvania, New York, New England, and Ohio.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The more immediate ancestors of the church came from Scotland and the north of Ireland and settled in New York, Pennsylvania,, and the Carolinas.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1625 some Dutch, German, and Scandinavian Lutherans settled in New Amsterdam (now New York City).
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lady Deborah Moody left Massachusetts for the New Netherlands in 1643 because of her antipaedobaptist views and on her way stopped at New Haven, where she won to her principles Mrs Eaton, the wife of the governor, Theophilus Eaton.^ In 1643, Lady Deborah Moody, who owned a 400-acre farm in the town of Swampscott, was forced to move to Long Island, New York, to live among the Dutch in order to escape persecution in Massachusetts.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In New Jersey , Puritans from the New Haven colony who were dissatisfied with the Half-Way Convenant sought to reestablish the pristine Puritan community at Newark.
  • Protestantism (Christianity) :: The Reformation in England and Scotland -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Others come to the medium and from their experience can go back to the world and experience or understand it in a whole new way because of what the artist has understood and skillfully related (Sittler 2).
  • The Visual Arts and Conservative Protestant Christianity: Word over Image, - an Unbalanced Situation Ready for Remedy 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC willcarpenterart.com [Source type: Original source]

.She settled at Gravesend (now part of Brooklyn) having received from the Dutch authorities a guarantee of religious liberty.^ For the part he took in the Thirty Years War, he is venerated by Lutherans as the religious hero of their Church, but it is now admitted that reasons of state led Gustavus into that conflict.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They had been grievously harassed, and having a natural right to their liberty, it does not surprise us that they were willing to part with their fetters.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For the part he took in the Thirty Years War , he is venerated by Lutherans as the religious hero of their Church, but it is now admitted that reasons of state led Gustavus into that conflict.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Lutherans and Lutheranism 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.Francis Doughty, an English Baptist, who had spent some time in Rhode Island, laboured in this region in 1656 and baptized a number of converts.^ It must also be remarked, in addition to the above, that he was not allowed to be alone, but a coarse felon was locked up with him, who chiefly spent his time in drinking and swearing.
  • Newman Reader - British Critic - Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.newmanreader.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Catholics believe partially some of that, Infact I should Direct you to The Canturbury Tales Blog who is a Catholic Priest who converted from Anglicanism.
  • A ray of hope...Protestant church admits that Catholics are right about something. - Page 3 - Catholic Answers Forums 20 September 2009 19:14 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

^ The princes did not even form a league among themselves; they thought they had done enough when they fixed the number of soldiers that each was to furnish, in the event of their forming a league some other time.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

This latter proceeding led to his banishment. .Later in the same year William Wickenden of Providence evangelized and administered the ordinances at Flushing, but was heavily fined and banished.^ The Presbytery of Patapsco in Maryland was received in 1867; the same year the Alabama presbytery of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church, and three years later the Associate Reformed Presbytery of Kentucky were received.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Two years later Tonei and Doshin, the two first bonzes Japan had seen, came from the same country.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Seven years later, after becoming a Baptist, Backus performed the same service for the First Baptist Church at Middleborough.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

.From 1711 onward Valentine Wightman (1681-1747) of Connecticut (General Baptist) made occasional missionary visits to New York at the invitation of Nicolas Eyres, a business man who had adopted Baptist views, and in 1714 baptized Eyres and several others, and assisted them in organizing a church.^ The Particular Baptists were the first to actually organize churches in the new land.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ With apologies to Yogi Berra who said, 'The future just ain't what it used to be,' it may be for the people of First Baptist Church in San Antonio.
  • Baptist Ministries - Baptist Web Portal A ministry of Bob and Maureen Hoffman - Missionaries to Cyberspace 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC baptist-ministries.org [Source type: General]

^ A.D. , the magazine of the United Presbyterian Church, reported the existence of this new organization in its June, 1974 issue [ 6 ].
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The church was well-nigh wrecked(' 730) by debt incurred in the erection of a meeting-house.^ The Board of Church Erection guarantees to congregations the erection and completion of houses of worship and of manses for pastors.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1632 the village in the neighborhood of the well was burned down, and only the church, school-house, and a shepherd's hut remained standing.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume Third - Book Twenty-first - The Thirty Years' War 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

.A number of Baptists settled on Block Island about 1663. Some time before 1724 a Baptist church (probably Arminian) was formed at Oyster Bay.^ He produced this work not only to refute some attacks by a non-Baptist writer, but also to counteract what he saw as some tendencies toward Arminianism among his Baptist brethren.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ About this time a lively discussion began concerning the relation of the church to the civil government of the United States.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ About this time, two other Baptists, John Hazel and John Spur, were imprisoned because they encouraged and comforted Holmes after he was whipped.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Quaker colonies, with their large measure of religious liberty, early attracted a considerable number of Baptists from New England, England and Wales.^ This district remained part of New South Wales until 1837, when it was formed into a separate colony heaving Adelaide for its capital.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, even if large numbers of students persevere to ordination the number of new priests will hardly be enough to meet the needs of a growing population.
  • Cleary: Evangelicals and Competition in Guatemala 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.domcentral.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The colony established by Lord Baltimore in Maryland granted civil and religious liberty to all who professed different beliefs .
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

.About 5684 a Baptist church was founded at Cold Spring, Bucks county, Pa., through the efforts of Thomas Dungan, an Irish Baptist minister who had spent some time in Rhode Island.^ With apologies to Yogi Berra who said, 'The future just ain't what it used to be,' it may be for the people of First Baptist Church in San Antonio.
  • Baptist Ministries - Baptist Web Portal A ministry of Bob and Maureen Hoffman - Missionaries to Cyberspace 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC baptist-ministries.org [Source type: General]

^ After the first Baptist church was finally formed in Massachusetts in about 1656, the members “spent most of their time in courts and prisons; they were often fined, and some of them were banished.” The pastor of this church, Thomas Gould, was imprisoned for his faith.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The bishops turned their eyes to the northern counties in quest of men to succeed the pious and learned ministers who had been ejected.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Pennepek church was formed in 1688 through the labours of Elias Keach, son of Benjamin Keach (1640-1704), the famous English evangelist.^ The first Baptist church was formed there in Pennepek in 1688 by Elias Keach, the son of the famous Benjamin Keach, a Particular Baptist pastor in England.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1742 they formally adopted a version of that confession which Benjamin and Elias Keach had slightly edited to include articles on hymn singing and laying on of hands.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Secondly, Christian missions trained local evangelists to propagate the gospel and it was through these that Christianity spread throughout Zimbabwe and churches were planted.
  • History of Protestant Missions in Zimbabwe 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wmausa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Services were held in Philadelphia under the auspices of the Pennepek church from 1687 onward, but independent organization did not occur till 1698. Several Keithian Quakers united with the church, which ultimately became possessed of the Keithian meeting-house.^ Doctrines like Transubstantiation did not come till much later, and it is rationalized interpretations by statements of early church members.
  • Early Church was more Catholic than Protestantism - Catholic Answers Forums 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

^ The earliest Presbyterian services were held in connection with the Scottish Associate Synod, to which church application had been made for a minister.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Several state supreme courts have held the union (with the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America) legal and that the property of local congregations passed into the union, while other like judicatories have held the union illegal and that the property remained with the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Almost from the beginning general meetings had been held by the churches of these colonies.^ In a General Assembly held at Tokio in 1891 the Articles of Faith and the constitution of a new church were drawn up.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These associations were held for several years by the churches in the three states named.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On Reformed territory the danger was less, since the Protestant Churches there were generally independently organized from the beginning (see above, V., § 4 ).
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1707 the Philadelphia Association was formed as a delegated body "to consult about such things as were wanting in the churches and to set them in order."^ Catholic Church, what we shall soon have to say about the Mystical Body of Jesus Christ will not be displeasing .
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Voluntary associations of churches were formed, such as the Worcestershire Association, to keep up a semblance of order among churches and pastors of differing persuasions.
  • Protestantism (Christianity) :: The Reformation in England and Scotland -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was an effort to systematize an objective form of theology (theology defined as a "teaching about God and divine things").
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.From its inception this body proved highly influential in promoting Baptist co-operation in missionary and educational work, in efforts to supply the churches with suitable ministers and to silence unworthy ones, and in maintaining sound doctrine.^ But we say that the Church has one doctrine, not many.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So obviously we believe the Catholic Church to be the Guardian of that one doctrine.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The difficulty from the beginning was to secure a sufficient number of suitable ministers to supply Gospel ordinances to Presbyterians.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Sabbatarianism appeared within the bounds of the association at an early date and Seventh-day Baptist churches were formed (1705 onward).^ In spite of this, the Baptist churches grew rapidly in Virginia during those days.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Voluntary associations of churches were formed, such as the Worcestershire Association, to keep up a semblance of order among churches and pastors of differing persuasions.
  • Protestantism (Christianity) :: The Reformation in England and Scotland -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The newly formed Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada, composed of wings of the former LCA and ALC churches, reported membership of 199,600 in the early 1990s.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

The decades preceding the "Great Awakening" of 1740-1743 were a time of religious declension. A Socinianized Arminianism had paralysed evangelistic effort. .The First Church, Providence, had long since become Arminian and held aloof from the evangelism of Edwards, Whitefield and their coadjutors.^ Bullinger saw the contradiction in Luther's appeal to tradition for punishment of heretics, and thought it was "truly laughable" that he should suddenly appeal to the fact, "of the Church having so long held this .
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since my entrance into the Catholic Church, I have become more and more aware of the importance of personal discernment, which Yeago rightly emphasizes.
  • The Agony of Mainline Protestantism | First Things 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Luther's own doctrine tumbles over, for his teaching is not that which the Roman Church has held for so long."
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

.The First Church, Boston, had become Socinianized and discountenanced the revival.^ We would call it a revival were it not that the term is too weak: it was a creation; it peopled Christendom with new men, in the first place, and in the second it covered it with new Churches and States.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Seven years later, after becoming a Baptist, Backus performed the same service for the First Baptist Church at Middleborough.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

^ First, the comparatively few Baptist churches that existed at the time were directly affected by the revival and saw tremendous growth in their memberships.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

.The First Church, Newport, had been rent asunder by Arminianism, and the nominally Calvinistic remnant had itself become divided on the question of the laying on of hands and showed no sympathy with the Great Awakening.^ Amaterasu sent her grandson, Ninigi-no-mikoto, to reign over Japan, and he was the great-grandfather of Jimmu Tenno, the first emperor.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ COMMENT: In the early Church, the Sacrament of "the laying on of hands" was often attended with visible miraculous effects, which is not now usually the case.
  • The Catholic Religion Proved by the Protestant Bible 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.olrl.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There has been no variation in the teaching of the Church from first to last.
  • Development of Doctrine - North Forest 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

.The First Church, Charleston, had been wrecked by Socinianism.^ The First Baptist Church of Charleston was instrumental in organizing the association.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

.The General (Six Principles) Baptists of Rhode Island and Connecticut had increased their congregations and membership, and before the beginning of the 18th century had inaugurated annual associational meetings.^ In 1742, the Scottish Associate Synod had organized congregations at Newcastle and other places and as the number of these increased not a few of the Old English Presbyterians joined with them.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The general government resides in a synod, which should meet annually, and consist of the pastors and lay representatives of all the parishes.
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the 1975 General Assembly, the pattern of PLGC's annual witness at these meetings was initiated, called a "ministry of presence."
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But the fact that the Great Awakening in America was conducted on Calvinistic principles was sufficient to prevent their hearty co-operation.^ His new book, The Great Awakening: Reviving Faith & Politics in a Post-Religious Right America , calls for spiritual revival as the foundation for real social and political change.

^ One of the most striking facts in the history of Protestantism in the 19th century was its great expansion in North America.
  • Protestantism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It attests one of the most striking facts in the history of Protestantism in the last century—its great expansion in North America.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The churches of the Philadelphia Association were organized and engaged to some extent in missionary endeavour, but they showed little interest in the Edwards-Whitefield movement.^ The "Societies," the monthly association held at Trevecca and other parts of Wales, together with the quarterly associations, are the basis of the organization of the Calvinistic Methodist Church.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And they don’t want a bunch of newcomers to mess up their grand little church club.
  • Cheshire Christ: Floundering in the Tiber 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.crowhill.net [Source type: Original source]

^ And although Barrios and Liberal leaders removed many of the restrictions against Protestants and muzzled to some extent the Catholic church, they could do little to restrain discrimination against Protestants by persons who were culturally Catholic and were offended by the new preaching and foreign ways.
  • Cleary: Evangelicals and Competition in Guatemala 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.domcentral.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.And yet the Baptists ultimately profited by the Great Awakening beyond almost any of the denominations.^ Yet, beyond balance, at times his discussion is almost poetic.

^ The Great Awakening that swept through the American colonies in the 1730s and 1740s made a significant impact on Baptists in two ways.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

.In many New England communities a majority in the churches of the standing order bitterly opposed the new evangelism, and those who came under its influence felt constrained to organize "Separate" or "New Light" churches.^ Denominational lines are less closely drawn than of old, there is a disposition to set aside minor differences in the interest of Christian fellowship, and separate organizations have been united in England and America among the Congregational, Methodist, and Presbyterian Churches.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Protestantism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ VOS was organized in 1995 in response to the backlash against the 1993 feminist theological event known as “ReImagining.” It was felt by many who were active in the PCUSA at the time that those who advocated feminist values, particular women staff, were under siege and needed a critical mass of support outside the structures of the church.

^ During the forty-five years of his ministry in America, Muhlenberg presided over widely separated congregations and erected many churches.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.These were severely persecuted by the dominant party and were denied even the scanty privileges that Baptists had succeeded in gaining.^ The persecutions against the Church, which had gained new intensity, prevented these New Testament books from being properly authenticated and placed under one cover.
  • The Catholic Religion Proved by the Protestant Bible 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.olrl.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Edward stopped the persecution against Protestants and even granted pardon to criminals; but the persecution of Baptists continued.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Following are some examples of the Protestant persecutions in Virginia: On June 4, 1768, several Baptists were arrested in Spottsylvania and imprisoned.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

.As the chief objection of the "Separates" to the churches of the standing order was their refusal to insist on personal regeneration as a term of membership, many of them were led to feel that they were inconsistent in requiring regenerate membership and yet administering baptism to unconscious infants.^ This resulted in the Half-Way Covenant of 1657 and 1662 that permitted baptized, moral, and orthodox persons to share in the privileges of church membership except for partaking of communion.
  • Protestantism (Christianity) :: The Reformation in England and Scotland -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the forty-five years of his ministry in America, Muhlenberg presided over widely separated congregations and erected many churches.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the forty-five years of his ministry in America, Muhlenberg presided over widely separated congregations and erected many churches .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Lutherans and Lutheranism 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.In several cases entire "Separate" churches reached the conviction that the baptism of infants was not only without Scriptural warrant but was a chief corner-stone of state-churchism, and transformed themselves into Baptist churches.^ Besides this the Anabaptists separate themselves from the churches .
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Subsequently, I had a genuine conversion experience 28 years ago and am currently a Southern Baptist; however, I am seriously looking into conversion to the Catholic Church by next Easter.
  • Catholic-Protestant Marriages - Catholic Answers Forums 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

^ A historian describes the Baptists as "a denomination of Christians characterised by the maintenance of the notion that immersion is the only authorised and scriptural mode of baptism, and that baptism can only be lawfully administered to those who make a personal profession of their faith, and thus, that infant baptism is contrary to the Word of God."
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.In many cases a division of sentiment came to prevail on the matter of infant-baptism, and for a while mutual toleration prevailed; but mixed churches had their manifest disadvantages and separation ultimately ensued.^ During the forty-five years of his ministry in America, Muhlenberg presided over widely separated congregations and erected many churches.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Whatever benefit there is in being in the Roman Catholic Church -- no matter what that benefit might be -- I already had in my baptism.
  • Cheshire Christ: Floundering in the Tiber 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.crowhill.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A Church can surely do baptism for all infants--and then again when they reach the age of reasoning.
  • Protestant Misunderstanding of Catholics 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Among the Baptist leaders gained from Congregationalism as a result of the awakening was Isaac Backus (1724-1806), who became the New England champion in the cause of religious liberty and equality, and the historian of his denomination.^ No one thought it his duty to raise his voice and demand securities before committing the religion and liberties of England into the hands of the new sovereign.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All who had eyes, and were willing to use them, might now see the religion of Rome marching like an armed man upon the liberties of England.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Helwys led the church back to England in 1611, where he was imprisoned for his views on religious liberty.
  • Founders Ministries | From the Protestant Reformation to the Southern Baptist Convention: What Hath Geneva To Do with Nashville? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.founders.org [Source type: Original source]

To Daniel Marshall (d. .1784) and Shubael Stearns, "New Light" evangelists who became Baptists, the spread of Baptist principles and the multiplication of Baptist churches throughout the southern colonies were in great measure due.^ With apologies to Yogi Berra who said, 'The future just ain't what it used to be,' it may be for the people of First Baptist Church in San Antonio.
  • Baptist Ministries - Baptist Web Portal A ministry of Bob and Maureen Hoffman - Missionaries to Cyberspace 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC baptist-ministries.org [Source type: General]

^ Subsequently, I had a genuine conversion experience 28 years ago and am currently a Southern Baptist; however, I am seriously looking into conversion to the Catholic Church by next Easter.
  • Catholic-Protestant Marriages - Catholic Answers Forums 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

^ A fact rarely told in church histories and therefore little known is that the Protestants of the Reformation era persecuted Baptists and others who differed from them.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

.The feeble Baptist cause in Virginia and North Carolina had been considerably strengthened by missionaries from the churches of the Philadelphia Association, including Benjamin Griffith, John Gano (1727-1804), John Thomas, Benjamin Miller, Samuel Eaton, John Garrard and David Thomas, and several churches, formed or reformed under their influence, united with the association.^ Its influence has been decided upon the political interests of the land, for both the church and the nation are direct products of the same great reformation.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Church, New School , Philadelphia, 1861; idem, The Presbyterian Digest, United Church , ib.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In spite of this, the Baptist churches grew rapidly in Virginia during those days.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1776 the Ketockton Association was formed by this group of churches.^ And during the same period a smaller, but even more influential group of liberals seceded to form the American Unitarian Association.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Voluntary associations of churches were formed, such as the Worcestershire Association, to keep up a semblance of order among churches and pastors of differing persuasions.
  • Protestantism (Christianity) :: The Reformation in England and Scotland -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The American Lutheran Church, the Lutheran Church in America, and a third group, The Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches, united in 1987 to form the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Virginia colonial government, in earlier days cruelly intolerant, gave a limited toleration to Baptists of this type; but the "Separate" Baptists were too enthusiastic and too much alive to the evils of state control in religious matters to be willing to take out licences for their meetings, and soon came into sharp conflict with the authorities.^ Like so much of what we have seen, it manages to imply that selecting targets and topics for engagement is tantamount to proceeding with taking our money out of Israel sometime this week.

^ These two Powers, at Worms, came into conflict with the combined forces of the world.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In spite of this, the Baptist churches grew rapidly in Virginia during those days.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

Stearns was an evangelist of great power. .With Marshall, his brother-in-law, and about a dozen fellow-believers he settled at Sandy Creek, North Carolina, and in a few years had built up a church with a membership of more than six hundred.^ Notice that the church is more than merely the set of all believers.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As Patrick Henry points out, there are at least 450 books a year in New Testament studies alone, and articles appear at a rate of a thousand or more in about four hundred journals.
  • Theology Today - Vol 37, No. 1 - April 1980 - ARTICLE - Scripture: Recent Protestant and Catholic Views 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC theologytoday.ptsem.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nobody complained more of our Church government than our taverners; whose ordinary lamentation was their trade was broke, people were become so sober."
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.Marshall afterward organized and ministered to a church at Abbott's Creek about 30 m.^ There has been considerable litigation in connection with this union; but in any event the addition through it to the Presbyterian Church amounts to about 1,200 ministers; 1,800 churches, and 90,000 communicants.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The one thing about the mainline churches that the mega-churches will never have is the truly personal attention of a minister.
  • On Faith: Guest Voices: Liberal Protestantism Finding New Life 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Thus gradually, stage by stage, did they approach the outward organization of a Church, and at it is interesting to mark that in the Reformed Church of Scotland elders came before ministers.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

distant. .From these centres "Separate" Baptist influence spread throughout North and South Carolina and across the Georgia border, Marshall himself finally settling and forming a church at Kiokee, Georgia.^ In 1865 the three churches represented in the colony, the Church of Scotland, the Free Church of Scotland, and the United Presbyterian Church, united in forming the Presbyterian Church of South Australia.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Secondly, Christian missions trained local evangelists to propagate the gospel and it was through these that Christianity spread throughout Zimbabwe and churches were planted.
  • History of Protestant Missions in Zimbabwe 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wmausa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Soon these views spread throughout Switzerland and into Germany.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

.From North Carolina as a centre "Separate" Baptist influence permeated Virginia and extended into Kentucky and Tennessee.^ On the Atlantic coast, in New Jersey , Virginia , North and South Carolina, were many isolated groups of German Lutherans.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Lutherans and Lutheranism 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Independent Presbyterian Church, a small brotherhood in North and South Carolina, was brought into the Southern Assembly in 1863.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These immigrants, entering the port of Philadelphia, spread in great numbers southward, settling in Virginia, North Carolina, and the upper portions of South Carolina.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Sandy Creek Association came to embrace churches in several colonies, and Stearns, desirous of preserving the harmonious working of the churches that recognized his leadership, resisted with vehemence all proposals for the formation of other associations.^ The largest and, with one exception, the oldest of the American Presbyterian churches is the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, and into it have been gathered elements from all the others.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The "Societies," the monthly association held at Trevecca and other parts of Wales, together with the quarterly associations, are the basis of the organization of the Calvinistic Methodist Church.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Melanchthon , Crusius, and other Lutheran theologians made formal proposals of union to the Greek Church (1559, 1574, 1578), but nothing came of their overtures.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Lutherans and Lutheranism 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

From 1760 to 1770 the growth of the "Separate" Baptist body in Virginia and the Carolinas was phenomenal. .Evangelists like Samuel Harris (1724 - c.1794) and John Waller (1741-1802) stirred whole communities and established Baptist churches where the Baptist name had hitherto been unknown.^ In 1706 they were joined by the Rev. John McMillan from the Established Church, and the first presbytery was constituted in 1743.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Their “protest” at Speyer became symbolic of the whole movement and gave the name by which the Churches of the Reformation have since become known.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The ceremonies of the Roman Church were already very numerous, requiring a whole technological vocabulary to name them, and wellnigh all the days of the year for their observance.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Sandy Creek Association, with Stearns as leader, undertook to "unfellowship ordinations, ministers and churches that acted independently," and provoked such opposition that a division of the association became necessary.^ As a side-effect of the Protestant Reformation the church today can't have ecumenical councils of the whole church such as described in Acts chapter 15.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The earliest Presbyterian services were held in connection with the Scottish Associate Synod, to which church application had been made for a minister.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Voluntary associations of churches were formed, such as the Worcestershire Association, to keep up a semblance of order among churches and pastors of differing persuasions.
  • Protestantism (Christianity) :: The Reformation in England and Scotland -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The General Association of Virginia and the Congaree Association of South Carolina now took their places side by side with the Sandy Creek.^ When at last the king was carried to Canterbury, and laid in marble, Arundel took his place by the side of his son, Henry V., and kept it during the first year of his reign.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These had till now been Presbyterian ministers; their anointing took place in the Chapel of Holyrood.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These immigrants, entering the port of Philadelphia, spread in great numbers southward, settling in Virginia, North Carolina, and the upper portions of South Carolina.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Virginia "Separate" Baptists had more than doubled their numbers in the two years from May 1771 to May 1773. In 1 774 some of the Virginia brethren became convinced that the apostolic office was meant to be perpetuated and induced the association to appoint an apostle.^ In the above number are included the Episcopalian church of America, governed for more than thirty years by Bishop Williams, and the Established Church of England , whose first bishop in Japan was Dr. Poole (1883).
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was published in the Cosmopolitan Magazine from May to August in 1909 This is a report by a man who spent two years investigating American Colleges.
  • The Present Protestant Dilemma - Sermon Notes 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.stepstolife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It did as a fact not only keep it but increased its hold for more than a full lifetime_for something like a hundred years.

Samuel Harris was the unanimous choice and was solemnly ordained. .Waller and Elijah Craig (1743-1800) were made apostles soon afterward for the northern district.^ Soon after the time of the apostles, there began to develop the, system of episcopacy, which recognised a distinction in the eldership and made a bishop superior to a presbyter or elder.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.This arrangement, soon abandoned, was no doubt suggested by Methodist superintendency.^ If so, the Protestant establishment it had set up was also illegal, and no man could doubt that it was the queen's intention, so soon as she was able, to overthrow it and restore the Romish hierarchy.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

In 1775 Methodist influence appeared in the contention of two of the apostles and Jeremiah Walker for universal redemption. Schism was narrowly averted by conciliatory statements on both sides. .As a means of preserving harmony the Philadelphia Confession of Faith, a Calvinistic document, with provision against too rigid a construction, was adopted and a step was thus taken toward harmonizing with the "Regular" Baptists of the Philadelphia type.^ Thus we have been led to see that the reality of Christ is more comprehensive than the limitations of our confessional traditions, and have confessed in faith our oneness in Christ.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Confession of Faith harmonizes minutely with the Westminster Catechism.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But as we have noted, the Faith and Order documents fail to settle the question how the Bible can function as a norm against tradition if the Bible itself must be interpreted in the light of tradition.
  • Theology Today - Vol 37, No. 1 - April 1980 - ARTICLE - Scripture: Recent Protestant and Catholic Views 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC theologytoday.ptsem.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When the General Association was subdivided (1783), a General Committee, made up of delegates from each district association, was constituted to consider matters that might be for the good of the whole society.^ In a General Assembly held at Tokio in 1891 the Articles of Faith and the constitution of a new church were drawn up.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Would it not appear as if the Pope's sentence might be reversed by military barons, and the chair of Peter made subordinate to the States-General of Germany?
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Last of all came the General Assembly, which was constituted of a certain number of delegates from every Presbytery.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

.Its chief work was to continue the agitation in which for some years the body had been successfully engaged in favour of religious equality and the entire separation of church and state.^ A friend told me that when she started her job at a big company a few years ago, a family friend, who also worked there, pulled her aside to give her some advice.
  • Mainline Protestant (Religion) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the forty-five years of his ministry in America, Muhlenberg presided over widely separated congregations and erected many churches.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Swedish Church is entirely controlled by the state, and the strict orthodoxy which was enforced prevented at first any serious inroads of Rationalism.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Since 1780 the "Separate" Baptists had had the hearty co-operation of the "s Regular" Baptists in their struggle for religious liberty and equality.^ Through the efforts of the Baptists and other lovers of religious liberty, this contained a Bill of Rights guaranteeing freedom of faith.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Religious forces were among the most powerful influences operating to secure the separation of the colonies from Great Britain, and the opening of the Revolutionary struggle found the Presbyterian churches on the colonial side.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the late 1980s, the focus of the struggle for equality in the Religious Society of Friends shifted from general civil rights to marriage.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1787 the two bodies united and agreed to drop the names "Separate" and "Regular."^ The author has had an opportunity of the comparing it with Knox's copy: the two exactly agree, as do also the names of the subscribers.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Subsequently, the Synod of Eastern Australia united with the Synod of New South Wales and then, in 1865, the Synod of Australia joined this united body, the doubly united church taking the name of The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of New South Wales.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In July, 1817, these two bodies united to form the Presbyterian Church of Nova Scotia, comprising three presbyteries.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The success of the Baptists of Virginia in securing step by step the abolition of everything that savoured of religious oppression, involving at last the disestablishment and the disendowment of the Episcopal Church, was due in part to the fact that Virginia Baptists were among the foremost advocates of American independence, while the Episcopal clergy were loyalists and had made themselves obnoxious to the people by using the authority of Great Britain in extorting their tithes from unwilling parishioners, and that they secured the co-operation of free-thinking statesmen like Thomas Jefferson and James Madison and, in most measures, that of the Presbyterians.^ With apologies to Yogi Berra who said, 'The future just ain't what it used to be,' it may be for the people of First Baptist Church in San Antonio.
  • Baptist Ministries - Baptist Web Portal A ministry of Bob and Maureen Hoffman - Missionaries to Cyberspace 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC baptist-ministries.org [Source type: General]

^ While few Baptists will define the characteristics of their body in such limited terms, the statement is at least fair to the name worn by these distinguished people, and it serves to illustrate the fact which all Baptists freely assert, that they with all Protestants stand for the supreme authority of the Word of God in all matters of faith and practice.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Religious forces were among the most powerful influences operating to secure the separation of the colonies from Great Britain, and the opening of the Revolutionary struggle found the Presbyterian churches on the colonial side.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Baptist cause in New England that had profited so largely from the Great Awakening failed to reap a like harvest from the War of Independence.^ BAPTISTS PERSECUTED IN ENGLAND 1626-1689 The Anglican Church continued to persecute those who tried to worship independently until almost the end of the 17th century.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The greatest amount of Japanese merchandise has been exported to China and the United States , while British India , England , and Germany have profited most by the new order of things in Japan.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ England's grandeur during the same epoch is due to the same cause as that of Spain : the impulse given to all national forces by the discovery of the New World .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.The standing order in New England represented the patriotic and popular party.^ In some such vague, negative sense, the word stands in the new formula of the Declaration of Faith to be made by the King of England at his coronation ; viz.: "I declare that I am a faithful Protestant".
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Generally speaking, the Eastern Orthodox are a party to the new convergence, but the conservative evangelicals have continued to stand by the essentials of the Protestant orthodox position.
  • Theology Today - Vol 37, No. 1 - April 1980 - ARTICLE - Scripture: Recent Protestant and Catholic Views 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC theologytoday.ptsem.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The party standing for denominational agencies and opposed to the Plan of Union was known as the "Old School," and that favoring its continuance as the "New School."
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Baptists lost favour by threatening to appeal to England for a redress of their grievances at the very time when resistance to English oppression was being determined upon.^ His second error followed fast upon the first: it was the dissolution of his Parliament because it insisted upon a redress of grievances before it would vote him a supply of money.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because of the increasing oppression of lesbian clergy and seminarians in the protestant churches at this time, we seek the empowerment of ordained lesbians and those who are being rejected for ordination because we are lesbian.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At that very time the Puritans of New England and the Episcopalians of Virginia were busily engaged in persecuting their brother Protestants for consciences' sakes and the former were .
  • The Protestant Inquisition (Reformation Intolerance & Persecution) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC vanallens.com [Source type: Original source]

.The result was slowness of growth and failure to secure religious liberty.^ He was one of the leading persons in the joint movement of Presbyterians and Congregationalists, from 1766 to 1775, to secure religious liberty, and to resist the establishment of the English Church as the State Church of the colonies.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Protestantism has accentuated liberty and sacrificed unity, resulting in division and religious anarchy."
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Someone has said, "Roman Catholicism has accentuated unity and sacrificed liberty, resulting in religious despotism.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.Though a large proportion of the New England Baptists co-operated heartily in the cause of independence, the denomination failed to win the popularity that comes from successful leadership.^ For nearly forty years to come it looked as though a very large, solid minority of Catholicism might survive in England, as it had in Holland.

^ BAPTISTS PERSECUTED IN ENGLAND 1626-1689 The Anglican Church continued to persecute those who tried to worship independently until almost the end of the 17th century.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Though neither numerically large nor wealthy, it maintains a vigorous mission on the New Hebrides islands.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.About 1762 the Philadelphia Association began to plan for the establishment of a Baptist institution of learning that should serve the entire denomination.^ He urged the establishment of a Christian college, where classical learning and evangelical piety should be cultivated.
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Weichert sent detailed instructions home informing parents that the content of the posters should reflect what the students had learned about the environment in class .
  • The Argument Against Compulsory Prayer in Public Schools 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.datasync.com [Source type: Original source]

^ John first learned about the Witherspoon Society when he served as a YAD to the 1980 UPCUSA GA in Detroit.

.Rhode Island was finally fixed upon, partly as the abode of religious liberty and because of its intelligent, influential and relatively wealthy Baptist constituency, the consequent likelihood of procuring a charter from its legislature, and the probability that the co-operation of other denominations in an institution under Baptist control would be available.^ Their stated purpose was “to hold forth a lively experiment, that a most flourishing civil state may stand and best be maintained with full liberty in religious concernments.” In March 1639, Roger Williams was publicly immersed in baptism, and the first Baptist church of Rhode Island was formed.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Something that was to have a great effect_the British fleet_became far more powerful than any other, and under its protection English trade and control over the East continually grew.

^ Others joined him from Massachusetts and this place became a bastion of religious liberty.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

.James Manning (1738-1791), who had just been graduated from Princeton with high honours, was thought of as a suitable leader in the enterprise, and was sent to Rhode Island (1763) to confer with leading men, Baptist and other.^ With apologies to Yogi Berra who said, 'The future just ain't what it used to be,' it may be for the people of First Baptist Church in San Antonio.
  • Baptist Ministries - Baptist Web Portal A ministry of Bob and Maureen Hoffman - Missionaries to Cyberspace 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC baptist-ministries.org [Source type: General]

^ A fact rarely told in church histories and therefore little known is that the Protestants of the Reformation era persecuted Baptists and others who differed from them.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The greatest man of the time beside Luther who renounced the ancient faith was Zwingli, though conflict ensued when the two leaders met.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.As a result a charter was granted by the legislature in 1764, and after a few years of preliminary work at Warren (where the first degrees ever bestowed by a Baptist institution were conferred in 1769), Providence was chosen as the home of the college (1770).^ October 1986 marked ten years of BMC work, and the first international convention brought over a hundred BMCers together in Chicago.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But all too often Protestants have refused to grant to others the liberty they claimed for themselves, and bitterness and division, which have retarded the work of God, have been the result.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Martin Methodist College” – received the highest honor that the institution can bestow during a special ceremony on Thursday, Oct.

.Here, with Manning as president and Hezekiah Smith (1737-1805), his class-mate at Princeton, as financial agent and influential supporter, the institution (since 1804 known as Brown University) was for many years the only degree-conferring institution controlled by Baptists.^ During the forty-five years of his ministry in America, Muhlenberg presided over widely separated congregations and erected many churches.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Judy Armstrong is a loving brown-eyed beauty, the kind of wife and mother many families could only dream of having.
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: Catholic Answers For Protestant Eucharist Questions (with Stanley Williams) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: How Catholics View Protestants 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Biblical Evidence for Catholicism: Replies to Protestants' Alleged Biblical Disproofs of the Perpetual Virginity of Mary (vs. Ken Temple) 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC socrates58.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Secondly, when St. Paul speaks of "Scripture" here, the NT didn't yet exist (not definitively for over 300 more years), thus he is referring to the OT only.
  • 150 Reasons Why I'm Catholic (You Should Be Too!) 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ourcatholicfaith.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Warren Association (1767) was organized under the influence of Manning and Smith on the model of the Philadelphia, and became a chief agency for the consolidation of denominational life, the promotion of denominational education and the securing of religious liberty.^ He also prepared the congregational constitution of St. Michael's Church, Philadelphia, which became the model of similar constitutions throughout the country.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Others joined him from Massachusetts and this place became a bastion of religious liberty.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They are few in number, but they exist as a separate organization under the name of the Associate Synod of Ireland or the Presbyterian Synod of Ireland Distinguished by the Name Seceder.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hezekiah Smith was a highly successful evangelist, and through his labours scores of churches were constituted in New England.^ The new Associate Reformed Church had considerable strength and was scattered over a territory embracing Pennsylvania, New York, New England, and Ohio.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In a General Assembly held at Tokio in 1891 the Articles of Faith and the constitution of a new church were drawn up.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For years in New England the only art form was the church building; it was the visible representation of their beliefs.
  • The Visual Arts and Conservative Protestant Christianity: Word over Image, - an Unbalanced Situation Ready for Remedy 17 September 2009 1:01 UTC willcarpenterart.com [Source type: Original source]

As chaplain in the American Revolutionary Army he also exerted a widespread influence.
.The First Church, Charleston, which had become almost extinct through Arminianism in 1746, entered upon a career of remarkable prosperity in 1749 under the leadership of Oliver Hart (1723-1795), formerly of the Philadelphia Association.^ What construction then could her subjects put upon this mass, but that it was the first step towards the overthrow of the Protestant Church, and the restoration of the Romish ritual and hierarchy?
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It should be remarked that the first Protestants, without exception, pretended to be the true Church founded by Christ, and all retained the Apostles' Creed with the article "I believe in the Catholic Church".
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/txc/protesta.htm 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many new believers are joining evangelical Protestant churches for the first time after a remarkable born-again experience.
  • Protestants and Roman Catholics — Why Creeds and Confessions? 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.forerunner.com [Source type: Original source]

In 1751 the Charleston Association was formed, also on the model of the Philadelphia, and proved an element of denominational strength. .The association raised funds for domestic missionary work (1755 onward) and for the education of ministers (1756 onward).^ There are three funds for widows of ministers-the Secession Widows' Fund paying an annuity of £62, the Southern Association Widows' Fund paying an annuity of £60, and the Synod of Ulster Widows' Fund paying an annuity of £44.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the missionaries often claim they are working for the local churches or networks, or are “partners” with them, one must make full allowance for the disparity of resources and education.
  • History of Protestant Missions in Zimbabwe 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wmausa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From 1838 onward, both branches grew slowly but steadily, and both made progress in the organization of their benevolent and missionary work.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Brown University shared largely in the liberality of members of this highly-cultivated and progressive body.^ The emperor shares legislative power with two large political bodies, the Chamber of Peers and the Chamber of Deputies.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ted Brown, president of Martin Methodist College, has been elected president of the 775-member International Association of Methodist-related Schools, Colleges, and Universities (IAMSCU).

.Among the beneficiaries of the education fund was Samuel Stillman (1737-1807), afterward the honoured pastor of the Boston church.^ In 1527 all the churches of Bremen were in charge of Protestant pastors, and afterwards divided between the Lutheran and Reformed Confessions.
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The most noted leader of the Baptists of South Carolina during the four decades following the War of Independence was Richard Furman (1755-1825), pastor of the First Church, Charleston.^ The Web's most comprehensive directory of Independent Baptist Church Web Sites.
  • Baptist Church Web Sites South Central 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC bn66.com [Source type: General]
  • Baptist Church Web Sites Plains 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC bn66.com [Source type: General]

^ With apologies to Yogi Berra who said, 'The future just ain't what it used to be,' it may be for the people of First Baptist Church in San Antonio.
  • Baptist Ministries - Baptist Web Portal A ministry of Bob and Maureen Hoffman - Missionaries to Cyberspace 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC baptist-ministries.org [Source type: General]

^ Certainly it gave rise of new forms of African Christianity, especially African independent churches at first.
  • History of Protestant Missions in Zimbabwe 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wmausa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The remarkable numerical progress of Baptists in South Carolina from 1787 to 1812 (from 1620 members to 11,325) was due to the "Separate" Baptist movement under Stearns and Marshall far more than to the activity of the churches of the Charleston Association.^ So far from this, he was more intent than ever on consummating the transformation of the northern Church.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some theologians have read a great deal into this text, but seeing Mary as the mother of the church is adding more than the text itself provides.

^ It will ultimately always value the Christ of faith more than the church of history.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/txc/protesta.htm 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Both these types of Baptist life permeated Georgia, the latter making its influence felt in Savannah, Augusta and the more cultivated communities, the former evangelizing the masses.^ But now a new power had risen up, and the hatred and terror which both felt to that new power made these old enemies friends.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Sixth - From the Leipsic Disputation to the Diet at Worms, 1521 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.giveshare.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The ministers, who felt that these abuses were debasing the purity and weakening the influence of the Church, sought means to correct them.
  • The History of Protestantism by J. A. Wylie 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC whatsaiththescripture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They even felt that they had more in common with the German-speaking Reformed than with the English-speaking Lutherans, and some of them advocated an Evangelical Union such as was then proposed in Prussia.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many negro slaves became Baptists in Virginia, the Carolinas and Georgia.^ On the Atlantic coast, in New Jersey, Virginia, North and South Carolina, were many isolated groups of German Lutherans.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ministers of the judicatory were seven in number, representing about twenty-two congregations, not including the Presbyterians of New England, Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Altogether some 30 Baptist preachers spent time in prison in Virginia, some as many as four different times.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

.In most cases they became members of the churches of the white Baptists; but in Richmond, Savannah and some other towns they were encouraged to have churches of their own.^ He moved to London and became a schoolmaster and was a member of a Baptist church.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some notion of suffering, or disadvantage, or punishment after this life, in the case of the faithful departed, or other vague forms of the doctrine of Purgatory, has in its favour almost a consensus of the four first ages of the Church.
  • Development of Doctrine - North Forest 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The other ceremonies of the Roman Church are rejected from the catalogue of sacraments on the grounds either that they .
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.By 1812 there were in the United States 173,972 Baptist church members, the denominational numerical strength having considerably more than doubled since the beginning of the 19th century.^ There were 274 churches , more than half of which were self-supporting.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Denominational lines are less closely drawn than of old, there is a disposition to set aside minor differences in the interest of Christian fellowship, and separate organizations have been united in England and America among the Congregational, Methodist, and Presbyterian Churches.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Having the same faith as a family, in my mind, is just one more thing that unites you, rather than divides the family.
  • Catholic-Protestant Marriages - Catholic Answers Forums 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

Foreign Missions. - .Baptists in Boston and vicinity, Philadelphia and Charleston, and a few other communities had from the beginning of the 19th century taken a deep interest in the missionary work of William Carey, the English missionary, and his coadjutors in India, and had contributed liberally to its support.^ In this witty, accessible, and concise book, theologian Doug Ottati contends that liberal Presbyterians and other liberal Protestants still have much to contribute to the contemporary world.

^ (He wrote several other works on the church history of Hesse and of the Reformation generally, in the interest of Melanchthonianism and of the Reformed Church.
  • HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH* 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They soon engaged in missionary work and in 1682 William Penn founded Pennsylvania on a Quaker basis.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

.The conversion to Baptist views of Adoniram Judson and Luther Rice (1812), who had just been sent, with others, by the newly-formed American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions to open up missionary work in India, marks an epoch in American Baptist history.^ In 1893 missionaries of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) established their mission station at Mount Selinda.
  • History of Protestant Missions in Zimbabwe 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wmausa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has recently undertaken foreign missionary work on American soil.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ With apologies to Yogi Berra who said, 'The future just ain't what it used to be,' it may be for the people of First Baptist Church in San Antonio.
  • Baptist Ministries - Baptist Web Portal A ministry of Bob and Maureen Hoffman - Missionaries to Cyberspace 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC baptist-ministries.org [Source type: General]

.Judson appealed to his American brethren to support him in missionary work among the heathen, and Rice returned to America to organize missionary societies to awaken interest in Judson's mission.^ He began the work of organization among the Lutherans of America by the foundation of the Synod of Pennsylvania in 1748.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Engaged in strictly mission work, they could render but little missionary service to their brethren in black.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The church supports a missionary force of 280, not including native workers, and has a communicant roll in its various missions aggregating more than 15,000.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

In January 1813 there was formed in Boston "The Baptist Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in India and other Foreign Parts." Other societies in the Eastern, Middle and Southern states speedily followed. .The desirability of a national organization soon became manifest, and in May 1814 thirty-three delegates, representing eleven states, met in Philadelphia and organized the "General Missionary Convention of the Baptist Denomination in the United States of America for Foreign Missions."^ Denominational lines are less closely drawn than of old, there is a disposition to set aside minor differences in the interest of Christian fellowship, and separate organizations have been united in England and America among the Congregational, Methodist, and Presbyterian Churches.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The church is a member of "The Council of Reformed Churches in the United States holding the Presbyterian System," established in 228 1907, seeking to bring into closer relations the several Presbyterian denominations in the country, and it entered heartily into the organization in Dec., 1908, at Philadelphia, Pa., of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, composed of 34 denominations, having about 18,000,000 communicants, and representing a majority of the people of the United States.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The largest and, with one exception, the oldest of the American Presbyterian churches is the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, and into it have been gathered elements from all the others.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.As its meetings were to be held every three years it came to be known as the "Triennial Convention."^ There are three presbyteries; the supreme court being the synod which meets twice a year; in July at Inverness and in November at Glasgow.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These associations were held for several years by the churches in the three states named.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition to the triennial meeting of General Convention, The House of Bishops meets at irregular intervals as needed, at least once a year.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A Board of Cornmissionerswas appointed with headquarters in Philadelphia(transferred in 1826 to Boston). .The need of a larger supply of educated ministers for home and for mission work alike soon came to be profoundly felt, and resulted in the establishment of Columbian College, Washington (now George Washington University), with its theological department (1821), intended to be a national Baptist institution.^ Further, in this period the first theological seminary of the churches was founded at Princeton, N. J. (1811), the Boards of Home Missions (1816) and of Education (1819) 227 were established, and at its close the Boards of Foreign Missions (1837) and of Publication (1838)came into existence.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition to extensive home-mission work, the church maintains or aids missions in Korea, the New Hebrides, and among the Chinese in Victoria and the aborigines.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The united church at once took active measures for the establishing of a theological hall for their divinity students, and thus St. Andrew's College at Sydney came into existence which, while altogether under the control of the church, was affiliated to the University of Syndey.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Destitution on the frontiers led the Triennial Convention to engage extensively in home mission work (1817 onward), and in 1832 the American Baptist Home Mission Society was constituted for the promotion of this work.^ The work of home missions may be considered in three sections: (1) Home missions proper al-e carried on by two committees, one for the Maritime Provinces, and one for western 239 Canada.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In connection with home missions the work of the Salvation Army (q.v.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Home-mission work is also carried on directly by presbyteries and synods in the older sections of the church.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The need of an organ for the dissemination of information, and the quickening of interest in the missionary and educational enterprises of the Triennial Convention, led Rice to establish the Latter Day Luminary (1816) and the Columbian Star, a weekly journal (1822).^ The establishment of the Board of Aid for Colleges and Academies, in 1883, was caused by the demands of the West, and the great and growing importance of educational interests.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.From the first the attempt to rouse the denomination to organized effort for the propagation of the gospel met with much opposition, agents of the Convention being looked upon by the less intelligent pastors and churches as highly-paid and irresponsible collectors of money to be used they knew not how, or for purposes of which they disapproved.^ Denominational lines are less closely drawn than of old, there is a disposition to set aside minor differences in the interest of Christian fellowship, and separate organizations have been united in England and America among the Congregational, Methodist, and Presbyterian Churches.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They were, if such a phrase may be used, Nonconformists rather than heretics; and it is possible that, if they had not been involved in the fate of less worthy neighbors, they would have been treated by the Church with leniency, and returned gradually to her communion.
  • Insight Scoop | The Ignatius Press Blog: Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC insightscoop.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ See here the commission, stamped by the broad seal of heaven, by virtue of which the pastors of Christ's Church absolve repenting sinners upon their confession."
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.The fact that Rice was unduly optimistic and allowed the enterprises of the Convention to become almost hopelessly involved in debt, and was constrained to use some of the fund collected for missions to meet the exigencies of his educational and journalistic work, intensified the hostility of those who had suspected from the beginning the good faith of the agents and denied the scriptural authority of boards, paid agents, paid missionaries, &c.^ Every denial of a particular tradition involves a bias (hidden or open) towards one's own alternate tradition (E.g., if all Church authority is spurned, even individualistic autonomy is a "tradition," which ought to be defended as a Christian view in some fashion).
  • 150 Reasons Why I'm Catholic (You Should Be Too!) 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ourcatholicfaith.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The fact of their Catholic origin and surroundings accounts both for their good intention and for the confessions of faith to which they bound themselves.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/txc/protesta.htm 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Presbyterians, in their denial of the superiority assumed by the English bishops over the elders, and in their assertion that bishops and elders were of the same order and on the same level in rank and authority, were undoubtedly in accord with the Scriptures.
  • T. H. Scambler's Protestantism and Romanism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.mun.ca [Source type: Original source]

.So virulent became the opposition that in several states, as Tennessee and Kentucky, the work of the Convention was for years excluded, and a large majority in each association refused to receive into their fellowship those who advocated or contributed to its objects.^ A friend told me that when she started her job at a big company a few years ago, a family friend, who also worked there, pulled her aside to give her some advice.
  • Mainline Protestant (Religion) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Those of us who advocate for peace, who saw this war as not only a mistake but an immoral act are also in a spot.

^ After several years of internal opposition, close to half of the faithful of the Alleluia Church left it in 1981, to found the Polynesian branch of the Church of the New Testament, called the Church of Tahiti.
  • The Growth of Pentecostalism in French Polynesia: A Hakka History - China perspectives 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC chinaperspectives.revues.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hyper-Calvinism, ignorance and avarice cooperated in making the very name "missions" odious, ministerial education an impertinent human effort to supplant a spirit-called and spirit-endowed ministry, Sunday-schools and prayermeetings as human institutions, the aim of which was to interfere with the divine order, and the receiving of salaries for ministerial work as serving God for hire or rather as serving self.^ The church is both a human and a Divine institution.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the same time, it is broken up into ten “Sunday-school-sized” sections to make the rich content manageable and accessible for the average viewer.
  • Protestants and Roman Catholics — Why Creeds and Confessions? 18 September 2009 15:25 UTC www.forerunner.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear.
  • Is Protestant Teaching Unbiblical? 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northforest.org [Source type: Original source]

.To counteract this influence, Baptist State Conventions were formed by the friends of missions and education, only contributing churches, associations, missionary societies and individuals being invited to membership (1821 onward - Massachusetts had effected state organization in 1802).^ A second Baptist church was not formed in Massachusetts until 1749.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The missionaries of the London Missionary Society reached Tahiti in 1797 and contributed to the foundation of the first Polynesian Christian Church, which, since 1963 (when it became autonomous) has been called Eglise vanglique de Polynsie franaise (EEPF).
  • The Growth of Pentecostalism in French Polynesia: A Hakka History - China perspectives 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC chinaperspectives.revues.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The church is organized with 15 presbyteries, 207 congregations, 512 churches with seating-provision for 88,000 persons, and a communicant membership of 29,000, whose contributions are £122,700 annually.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.These became highly efficient in promoting foreign and domestic missions, Sundayschool organization, denominational literature and education.^ The foreign mission work of the church had previously been conducted mainly through the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (see Congregationalists, I., 4, § 11 ), and much of the home-mission work was done through the American Education Society.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Along with the rising clamor for political independence, African church leaders of mainline denominations were increasingly calling for independence from foreign missions.
  • History of Protestant Missions in Zimbabwe 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wmausa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IV. VARIOUS LUTHERAN ACTIVITIES (1) Foreign Missions and Benevolent Organizations Foreign missionary activity has never been a very prominent characteristic of the Lutheran Church.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nearly every state soon had its institutions of learning, which aspired to become universities.^ The Board of Home Missions, Pittsburg, Pa., which gives aid to churches and establishes missions in nearly every state, except a few of the states in the South.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.Before 1844 the sessions of the Triennial Convention had occasionally been made unpleasant by harsh anti-slavery utterances by Northern members against their Southern brethren and somewhat acrimonious rejoinders by the latter.^ Accordingly, Archbishop Arundel, with other bishops and members of Convocation, waited on the king, and laid before him their complaint against Lord Cobham.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ With the close of the Civil War the Southern Lutherans might have returned to fellowship with their Northern brethren, but the controversy between the Northern synods determined them to perpetuate their own organization.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This synod had been organized in 1858 out of the southern contingent of the New School church as a practical protest against the deliverances of the New School Assembly on the subject of slavery.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The controversy between Francis Wayland and Richard Fuller (1804-1876) on the slavery question ultimately convinced the Southern brethren that separate organization for missionary work was advisable.^ With the close of the Civil War the Southern Lutherans might have returned to fellowship with their Northern brethren, but the controversy between the Northern synods determined them to perpetuate their own organization.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Engaged in strictly mission work, they could render but little missionary service to their brethren in black.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From 1838 onward, both branches grew slowly but steadily, and both made progress in the organization of their benevolent and missionary work.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Southern Baptist Convention, with its Home and Foreign Missionary Boards, and (later) its Sunday-school Board, was formed in 1845. Since then Northern and Southern Baptists, though in perfect fellowship with each other, have found it best to carry on their home and foreign missionary work through separate boards and to have separate annual meetings.^ Its work is carried on through the agency of seven chartered boards: (1) the Board of Foreign Missions, Philadelphia.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Any Japanese or foreigner is free to found a school , provided he observes the laws and regulations laid down by the Japanese Board of Education concerning hygiene, qualifications of teachers, matters to be taught, etc.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Oasis Board later called for Williams' resignation because of his his maverick style and his refusal to work with his bishop.
  • The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Churches of the United States, 1969-1993 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.mlp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1905 a General Baptist Convention for America was formed for the promotion of fellowship, comity and denominational esprit de corps, but this organization is not to interfere with the sectionalorganizationsorto undertake any kind of administrativework.^ Denominational lines are less closely drawn than of old, there is a disposition to set aside minor differences in the interest of Christian fellowship, and separate organizations have been united in England and America among the Congregational, Methodist, and Presbyterian Churches.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There's nothing to suggest what denomination Steve was, but plenty of other detail that writers of Captain America as "the generic American hero" so often fail to appreciate.
  • The religion of Captain America (Steve Rogers) 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ A fourth general body was formed in 1872, the "Synodical Conference", at present the strongest organization among the Lutheran Churches of America.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Since 1845 Northern and Southern Baptists alike have greatly increased in numbers, in missionary work, in educational institutions, in literary activity and in everything that pertains to the equipment and organization of a great religious denomination.^ Even so, the number of Baptists rapidly increased.
  • The Protestant Persecutions 16 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.wayoflife.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1742, the Scottish Associate Synod had organized congregations at Newcastle and other places and as the number of these increased not a few of the Old English Presbyterians joined with them.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In this I am working fully in the great tradition of the one great period of religious genius in the history of my people.

.Since 1812 they have increased in numbers from less than 200.000 to more than 5,000,000. In 1812 American Baptists had no theological seminary; in 1906 they had 11 with more than 100 instructors, 1300 students, and endowments and equipments valued at about $7,000,000. In 1812 they had only one degree-conferring college with a small faculty, a small student body and almost no endowment; in 1906 they had more than Too universities and colleges with endowment and equipment valued at about $30,000,000, and an annual income of about $3,000,000. In 1812 the value of church property was small; in 1906 it was estimated at $100,000,000. Then a single monthly magazine, with a circulation of a few hundreds, was all that the denomination possessed in the way of periodical literature; in 1906 its quarterlies, monthlies and weeklies were numbered by hundreds.^ They know much less about us than we know about them.

^ The theological seminary in connection with Cumberland University is the only theological school.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Tokugawa Ieyasu estimated the number of han at more than 300.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

The denomination has a single publishing concern (the American Baptist Publication Society) with an annual business of nearly $1,000,000 and assets of $1,750,000.
.Baptists in the Dominion of Canada had their rise about the close of the 18th century in migrations from the United States.^ From these nations Lutherans migrated to the United States and Canada.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/lutheran.htm 7 January 2010 5:21 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ About this time a lively discussion began concerning the relation of the church to the civil government of the United States.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Most of the Baptist population of the world (about ninety percent) is in the United States, divided into more than twenty bodies and following a modified Calvinism, tinged with Lutheran and Zwinglian elements.
  • Fr. Hardon Archives - Religions of the World - Chapter 16. Protestantism 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.therealpresence.org [Source type: Original source]

.They have been reinforced by considerable numbers of English, Welsh and Scottish Baptists.^ In 1742, the Scottish Associate Synod had organized congregations at Newcastle and other places and as the number of these increased not a few of the Old English Presbyterians joined with them.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They further resolved to give up all the alien priories [ 2 ] in the kingdom, to the number of 110, the lands of which would considerably increase the revenues of the crown.
  • The History of Protestantism - Volume First - Book Seventh - Protestantism inEngland, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.doctrine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Among them were some Scotch, English and Dutch Presbyterians, and, in the lower part of South Carolina, a considerable number of Huguenots.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

.They are divided into four sections: - those of the Maritime Provinces, with their Convention, their Home and Foreign Mission Boards, an Education Board and a Publication Board, and with M `Master University (Arts, Theological and Academic departments) as its educational institution; those of Manitoba and the North-west, with Brandon College as its educational institution; and those of British Columbia, Caiiadian Baptists numbered 120,000 in 1909, and are considered in the above general estimates.^ It was divided into four synods with a general synod meeting annually.
  • New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol. IX: Petri - Reuchlin | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 16 September 2009 0:45 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such people are generally under-educated theologically, unteachable, lack humility, and have no business making presumed "infallible" statements about the nature of Christianity.
  • 150 Reasons Why I'm Catholic (You Should Be Too!) 9 January 2010 18:34 UTC www.ourcatholicfaith.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The money that is going into our military machine would easily be enough to fund a single-payer health system, public education from pre-school through college, living wage for all workers and assistance for those unable to work.



Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Noun

Baptists
  1. Plural form of Baptist.

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Baptist, which are similar to those in the above article.








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