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Baraba
Spoken in Russia
Region Siberia
Total speakers 8,000[1]
Language family Altaic[2] (controversial)
Language codes
ISO 639-1 tt
ISO 639-2 tat
ISO 639-3 tat

Baraba or Baraba Tatar is spoken by at least 8,000 people in Siberia. It is dialect of Tatar.

Baraba Tatar falls into a continuum of Tatar dialects spoken through Siberia.

Contents

Geographic Distribution

Baraba Tatar is spoken in the Novosibirsk, Tyumen and Tomsk Oblasts in Russia. Standard Tatar is used as the literary language.

Differences from Standard Tatar

Baraba Tatar possesses a number of features that distinguish it from Kazan Tatar:

  • Change of /ɕ/ to /ts/: /ɕæɕ//tsæts/ "hair"
  • Devoicing of initial stops: /bʌʃ//paʃ/ "head"
  • Devoicing of final /z/ to /s/: /sez//sis/ "you (plural)"
  • Lack of sound changes /e/ ↔ /i/ and /o/ ↔ /u/: /jort/ → /jurt/ "home", /kil-/ → /kel-/ "come"

Sounds

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Consonants

The consonants of Baraba
Labial Dental Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Stop p b t d k ɡ q
Affricate ts
Fricative (f) (v) s (z) ʃ (ʒ) x ɣ h
Nasal m n ŋ
Lateral Glide l
Trill r
Semivowel w ɥ j
  • Sounds in paretheses appear only in loan words.
  • The sounds [ts] and [tʃ] appear in free variation. The replacement of /tʃ/ with /ts/ is a feature that distinguishes Baraba from Kazan Tatar.[3]

Vowels

The vowels of Baraba
Front Central Back
High i y ɯ u
Mid e ø ë ø̈ ö o
Low æ a

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire". http://www.eki.ee/books/redbook/baraba_tatars.shtml. Retrieved 2006-10-21.  
  2. ^ "[1] Ethnologue"
  3. ^ Дмитриева, Л. В. (1981) (in Russian). Язык Барабинских Татар (Материалы и Исследования). Leningrad: Академия Наук СССР.  

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