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Baracaldo
—  Municipality  —
Barakaldo

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Coat of arms
Baracaldo is located in Spain
Baracaldo
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 43°17′50″N 2°59′30″W / 43.29722°N 2.99167°W / 43.29722; -2.99167Coordinates: 43°17′50″N 2°59′30″W / 43.29722°N 2.99167°W / 43.29722; -2.99167
Country  Spain
Autonomous community País Vasco
Province Biscay
Comarca Greater Bilbao
Founded pre 1051
Government
 - Alcalde Tontxu Rodríguez (2003) (PSE-EE)
Area
 - Total 25.03 km2 (9.7 sq mi)
Elevation 39 m (128 ft)
Highest elevation 560 m (1,837 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 97,328
 - Density 3,888.5/km2 (10,071/sq mi)
 - Demonym baracaldés, -sa
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 48901, 48902 and 48903
Dialing code 94
Official language(s)
Website Official website

Barakaldo (not to be confused with the Cuban and Guinean cities called Baracaldo), is an industrial river-port municipality in the Basque Country in Spain. It is located in the Biscay (Bizkaia) province, administratively included in the "Basque Autonomous Community", on the left bank of the Estuary of Bilbao. Barakaldo is part of Bilbao's metropolitan area (Greater Bilbao), and its official population at the 2006 census was 95,675 inhabitants living on a land area of 29.39 km² (11.35 sq mi).

Contents

History

Devil's Bridge over river Kadagua between Barakaldo and Bilbao

The 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica wrote of Barakaldo (spelling the name with the now-archaic "c"):

Pop.(1900): 15,013. Few Spanish towns have developed more rapidly than Baracaldo, which nearly doubled its population between 1880 and 1900. During this period many immigrant laborers settled here; for the iron works and dynamite factory of Baracaldo prospered greatly, owing to the increased output of the Biscayan mines, the extension of railways in the neighborhood,and the growth of shipping at Bilbao. The low flat countryround Baracaldo is covered with maize, pod fruit and vines.

Modern Barakaldo was later the endpoint of a mining railroad, since iron mining was a major economic activity of the region during part of the 19th and 20th centuries. The Steel industry, led by Altos Hornos de Vizcaya, had a very important presence during the 20th century, until the industrial recession hit the region's economy hard in the 1980s.

New malls at both sides of the A-8 motorway, BEC is seen in the background.

Barakaldo is going to close its last factory and is recovering from the recession, former industrial land is being rebuilt with residential buildings, parks and shopping malls (i.e. Ikea). A big exhibition centre (BEC, Bilbao Exhibition Centre) has recently been built in the outskirts of the town.

Transport

Entrance to Bagatza Metro station

Barakaldo is linked to the rest of the metropolitan area by line 2 of the underground which has four stations in the city and by the train. BizkaiBus company provides the bus service, with connections with the rest of Biscay.

The main road that goes around Barakaldo is the A-8 motorway, that links Barakaldo with the metropolitan area and the rest of Spain.

Regular boat ferry services connect Barakaldo to the other side of the Estuary of Bilbao (Erandio).

The Bilbao Airport is located around 15 kilometres from the centre of Barakaldo, getting there takes around 10–12 minutes by car.

Fiesta

Plaza de Cruces - Gurutzeta, as seen from the Hospital.
Stone drilling contest. Saint Vincent's fiestas, Barakaldo.

Every July the town celebrates "Las Fiestas del Carmen", with open air concerts, fun fairs and a good deal of late night partying.

Famous People from Barakaldo

References

External links

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