Barcode: Wikis

  
  

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A UPC-A barcode symbol.
.A barcode is an optical machine-readable representation of data, which shows certain data on certain products.^ A barcode is a machine-readable representation of information in a visual format on a surface.

^ The machine-readable representation of the UPC .
  • What is bar code? - A Word Definition From the Webopedia Computer Dictionary 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC webopedia.com [Source type: General]

^ The bar code (or barcode, another acceptable spelling) is a representation of data that is machine-readable.
  • Bar Code: Google’s Logo Celebrates Its Anniversary 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC mashable.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Originally, barcodes represented data in the widths (lines) and the spacings of parallel lines, and may be referred to as linear or 1D (1 dimensional) barcodes or symbologies.^ Data Matrix 2D Barcode Linear 1D Barcodes Linear Barcode Types .

^ Originally, bar codes represented data in the widths (lines) and the spacings of parallel lines ...
  • Bar Code - MSN Encarta 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC ca.encarta.msn.com [Source type: General]
  • Bar Code - MSN Encarta 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC uk.encarta.msn.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Handheld 1D/Linear Barcode Scanners .
  • Advanced Data Capture;Bar code scanner:barcode scanner, Pocket PC, Thermal Printer, software retail, Label Applicators, Verifiers 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adc-barcode.com [Source type: General]

.They also come in patterns of squares, dots, hexagons and other geometric patterns within images termed 2D (2 dimensional) matrix codes or symbologies.^ Other patterns including squares, dots and other patterns can also be referred to as bar codes.
  • Bar Code: Google’s Logo Celebrates Its Anniversary 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC mashable.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Newer bar code symbologies replace the vertical bars with patterns of dots, concentric circles, or text codes hidden within images.
  • Bar Code Resource Directory: Barcoded Labels, Bar Code Scanners, RFID tags, RFID labels, Software, Nameplates, Printers, articles, trade associations, and more. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC barcodebarcode.com [Source type: General]

^ Whether your application involves reading linear (1D) or data matrix (2D) bar codes , Code has the best in class solution.
  • Code Corporation - Advanced Bar Code Reader Manufacturer. Barcode Reader. Barcode Scanner. Bar Code Imager. Bar Code Scanner. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.codecorp.com [Source type: General]

.Although 2D systems use symbols other than bars, they are generally referred to as barcodes as well.^ Toying with barcodes – or hacking systems that use barcodes.

^ Bar code scanning software can generally be used with any barcode scanner.

^ D barcode scanners are used to read 2D barcodes.
  • Barcode Scanner 101 - Everything You Need To Know About Barcode Scanners 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodescanner101.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Barcodes can be read by optical scanners called barcode readers, or scanned from an image by special software.^ Barcode Verification - Customized barcode scanning software to interface with any reader for any application.
  • Barcode Verification - Customized barcode scanning software to interface with any reader for any application. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC barcodeverification.com [Source type: General]

^ Scanner provides instant barcode reads.
  • NECS - entr�e.UPC Barcode Scanning System 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.necs.com [Source type: General]

^ Not only are there different types of barcode scanners but there are also what we call specialized barcode scanners.
  • Barcode Scanners, Printers and Labels - Database and Software Reviews 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcode-scanners.org [Source type: News]

.The first use of barcodes was to label railroad cars, but they were not commercially successful until they were used to automate supermarket checkout systems, a task in which they have become almost universal.^ The first option is to use barcode fonts.
  • Barcode Knowledge and More | dedicated on barcode 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodeschool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Toying with barcodes – or hacking systems that use barcodes.

^ The automation equipment uses barcode scanners (i.e.
  • Barcode Requirements (Software) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.entmerch.org [Source type: General]

.Their use has spread to many other roles as well, tasks that are generically referred to as Auto ID Data Capture (AIDC).^ Thus, for a computer to make use of the information contained in the barcode; the bar code data must be captured and decoded into a data format that the computer can process.

^ The UPC code, which is primarily seen on trade and mass-market books, as well as general interest magazines, is used at retail store point-of-sale by non-book stores.
  • Bar Codes for Serials 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ The team at Inventory Technology Solutions are dedicated to delivering the highest quality products, and most comprehensive service for all your Auto ID and Data Capture needs.
  • Barcode Scanner Service : Portable Data Terminal Service : Symbol Technologies Service : Barcode Service : Symbol Terminal Service : Its-Barcode.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC its-barcode.com [Source type: General]

.Other systems are attempting to make inroads in the AIDC market, but the simplicity, universality and low cost of barcodes has limited the role of these other systems.^ Barcode Verifiers Barcode Verifiers bridge the gap between barcode scanning and printing eliminating unreadable barcodes from barcode systems and making your business compliant with labeling standards.
  • Barcode Systems, Printers, Labels, Verifiers and Software 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.interweigh.ca [Source type: General]

^ Low cost fixture systems available Cheap material Design label freely Upgrade quickly High quality output effect and ...
  • Barcode Software - Barcode Label Maker, Bar code printing software 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.aulux.com [Source type: General]

^ These on-demand systems allow you to take control of your barcode needs as they arise, helping minimize turnover concerns without sacrificing cost or quality.
  • TLF Graphics - Barcode Systems 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.tlfgraphics.com [Source type: General]

.It costs 0.5¢ (U.S.) to implement a barcode, while passive RFID still costs about 7¢ to 30¢ per tag.^ GAORFID.com) has released these semi-passive RFID response tag series operating in the ISM frequency band of 868MHz to 915MHz.
  • IT Backbones - Dedicated To The Barcode Hardware Sector, Featuring News, Press Releases, IT Directory & Links 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.itbbarcode.com [Source type: News]

^ Some benefits of implementing a barcode application would include speed, accuracy, data integrity, ease of implementation and cost effectiveness.

^ With respect to standard barcodes, the implementation of two-dimensional reading technology leads to a limited increase in costs, provided that the structure of standard bar codes remains unchanged.

[1]

Contents

History

.In 1948 Bernard Silver (1924–63), a graduate student at Drexel Institute of Technology in Philadelphia, USA overheard the president of a local food chain asking one of the deans to research a system to automatically read product information during checkout.^ The president of a food chain was pleading with one of the deans to undertake research on capturing product information automatically at checkout.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their research began in 1948 after Mr Silver, a graduate student at the Drexel Institute of Technology in Philadelphia, overheard a local food chain boss asking one of the institute's deans to design a system for reading product data automatically.
  • Bar code: invention history behind new Google doodle - Telegraph 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The first step toward today's bar codes came in 1948, when Bernard Silver, a graduate student, overheard a conversation in the halls of Philadelphia's Drexel Institute of Technology.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Silver told his friend Norman Joseph Woodland (1921-) about the request, and they started working on a variety of systems.^ Silver told his friend Norman Joseph Woodland about the food chain president's request.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Inventors Norman Woodland and Bernard Silver filed the patent on October 1949, and it was granted, No.
  • New Google Logo Celebrates The Barcode - washingtonpost.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: News]

^ Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver worked on and patented another identification system , but the man credited with inventing the widely used UPC (Universal Product Code) system in 1973 is George J. Laurer .
  • Who invented the bar code? 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC ask.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.Their first working system used ultraviolet ink, but this proved to fade and was fairly expensive.^ Mr Silver and Mr Woodland, a fellow graduate student and teacher at Drexel, first tried using patterns of ink that glowed under ultraviolet light, but it proved too expensive and unreliable.
  • Bar code: invention history behind new Google doodle - Telegraph 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ These printers can be easily attached to your computer system and are available in different models and designs depending on the work they are been used for.
  • Barcode Printers Manufacturers 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC barcode-printers.org [Source type: General]

^ Carriers started installing scanners in 1970, and the system worked as expected, but it was simply too expensive.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]
.Convinced that the system was workable with further development, Woodland quit his position at Drexel, moved into his father's apartment in Florida, and continued working on the system.^ Nonetheless, Woodland was convinced he had a workable idea.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Woodland took some stock market earnings, quit his teaching job at Drexel, and moved to his grandfather's Florida apartment to have more time to work on the problem.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It will help you develop your System Requirements and Scope of Work.
  • Bar Code scanners, Bar Code printers 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.dsisales.com [Source type: General]

His next inspiration came from Morse code, and he formed his first barcode from sand on the beach when "I just extended the dots and dashes downwards and made narrow lines and wide lines out of them."[2] To read them, he adapted technology from optical soundtracks in movies, using a 500-watt light bulb shining through the paper onto an RCA935 photomultiplier tube (from a movie projector) on the far side. .He later decided that the system would work better if it were printed as a circle instead of a line, allowing it to be scanned in any direction.^ This allows the code to be scanned in either direction.
  • barcode@Everything2.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The chief advantage of bar code systems is that they allow users to process detailed information at the moment the bar code is scanned, rather than simply storing information for later processing.
  • bar code (technology) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Features: Multi-line rastering scan pattern Plug-and-play setup, intuitive scanning Wide working range Superior motion tolerance Instant download .
  • Barcode Laser Scanner – Barcode Handheld for CCD Barcodes & symbols 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.riblio.com [Source type: General]

.On 20 October 1949 Woodland and Silver filed a patent application for "Classifying Apparatus and Method", in which they described both the linear and bullseye printing patterns, as well as the mechanical and electronic systems needed to read the code.^ He and Silver had created a device that could electronically read printed material.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Inventors Norman Woodland and Bernard Silver filed the patent on October 1949, and it was granted, No.
  • New Google Logo Celebrates The Barcode - washingtonpost.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: News]
  • New Google Logo Celebrates The Barcode 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.techcrunch.com [Source type: General]

^ The Woodland and Silver patent application was issued October 7, 1952 as US Patent 2,612,994 .
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The patent was issued on 7 October 1952 as US Patent 2,612,994, google.com.^ The Woodland and Silver patent application was issued October 7, 1952 as US Patent 2,612,994 .
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In October 1952 their patent was granted.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Norman Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver are most often credited as having originally invented the barcode on October 20, 1949 by filing patent application serial number 122,416 (which became Patent Number 2,612,994).
  • Keyword.com Bar Code Service sends users direct to web pages with barcode numbers. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Internet Bar Code Registry and the History of the Bar Code. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1951, Woodland moved to IBM and continually tried to interest IBM in developing the system.^ In 1951 Woodland got a job at IBM, where he hoped his scheme would flourish.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was submitted by IBM and developed by George Laurer (see the history at his web site ), whose work was an outgrowth of the idea of Woodland and Silver.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The company eventually commissioned a report on the idea, which concluded that it was both feasible and interesting, but that processing the resulting information would require equipment that was some time off in the future.^ Manage the Symbol Size Often times, information that Hospital administrators would like to include in the barcode is far too much in relation to the wristband space.
  • barcode printing « Barcoding Blog 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC blog.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Schools could strike a deal with local newspapers to print some information of interest to schools every day/week as 2D-barcodes.
  • Barcode file transfer - OLPC 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC wiki.laptop.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bar Code Types: Codabar (numeric only): Codabar bar codes are typically used in labeling solutions for applications that require sequential issuing and processing of information.
  • Barcode Labels - Custom Bar code Labels - Product Information - MaverickLabel.Com 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.mavericklabel.com [Source type: General]

.In 1952 Philco purchased their patent, and then sold it to RCA the same year.^ Now used to track just about anything bought and sold in many countries, the standard bar code system was patented in the United States on October 7, 1952, but took about 20 years to go mainstream.

^ Philco later sold the patent to RCA. In 1971 RCA would jolt several industries into action; before then, the next advances in information handling would come out of the railroad industry.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That was because they sold the patent to RCA in 1952 for a small sum of money, long before any commericalization of the technology.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1963 Silver died in a car accident.^ Mr Silver never even witnessed the bar code’s success, having died in a car crash in 1962.
  • Bar code: invention history behind new Google doodle - Telegraph 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ In 1962 Silver died at age thirty-eight (in an automobile accident) before having seen the commercial use of bar code.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Collins at Sylvania

.During his time as an undergraduate, David Collins worked at the Pennsylvania Railroad and became aware of the need to automatically identify train cars.^ During his undergraduate days Collins had worked for the Pennsylvania Railroad and he knew that the railroads needed a way to identify cars automatically and then to handle the information gathered.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I used to work in a small local printing factory as Customer Service Executive and during that time, ...
  • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

^ Keeping track of them is one of the most complex tasks the railroad industry faces, and in the early 1960's it attracted the attention of David J. Collins.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Immediately after receiving his master's degree from MIT in 1959, he started work at Sylvania and began addressing the problem.^ The problem fascinated Woodland and he began to work on the problem.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Collins got his master's degree from MIT in 1959 and immediately went to work for the Sylvania Corporation, which was trying to find military applications for a computer it had built.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Plug it in via USB, and it will immediately start working in any Mac or PC application.
  • Easy Barcode Reader - USB barcode scanner for Mac and PC 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.easybarcodetech.com [Source type: General]

.He developed a system using blue and yellow reflective stripes attached to the side of the cars, encoding a six-digit company identifier and a four-digit car number.^ It also requires an even number of digits to be encoded.
  • Barcode Tutorial - Advanced Barcode Technology 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.bar-codes.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The first two digits (00) identify the country and numbering system.
  • barcode services, barcode creation, barcode creator, barcode images, barcode Canada, barcode USA for $9.95 - by NetAdsSell.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.netadssell.com [Source type: General]

^ Each car was given a four-digit number to identify the railroad that owned it and a six-digit number to identify the car itself.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Light reflected off the stripes was fed into one of two photomultipliers, filtered for blue or yellow.^ A CCD reader measures ambient light from a barcode whereas a laser or pen scanner measures the reflected light going into the scanner itself.
  • Barcode Scanner 101 - Everything You Need To Know About Barcode Scanners 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodescanner101.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The phototransistor will detect if the light is reflected off the surface below, thus reading a white space in the barcode.

^ A photoelectric sensor receives the reflected light and converts it into an electrical signal.

[citation needed]
.The Boston and Maine Railroad tested the system on their gravel cars in 1961. The tests continued until 1967, when the Association of American Railroads (AAR) selected it as a standard across the entire North American fleet.^ The Boston & Maine conducted the first test of the system on its gravel cars in 1961.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Code 39 Uniform Product Code (UPC): the North American standard for several decades.

^ Uniform Product Code (UPC): the North American standard for several decades.

.The installations began on October 10, 1967. However, the economic downturn and rash of bankruptcies in the industry in the early 1970s greatly slowed the rollout, and it wasn't until 1974 that 95% of the fleet was labeled.^ Car labeling and scanner installation began on October 10, 1967.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It took seven years before 95% of the fleet was labeled.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To add to its woes, the system was found to be easily fooled by dirt in certain applications, and the accuracy was greatly affected.^ Practical Uses for RFID Technology in Manufacturing and Distribution Applications Learn how RFID systems can help solve logistical problems that affect manufacturing and distribution.
  • Barcode Technology News - IT Reseller Magazine 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.itrportal.com [Source type: General]

.The AAR abandoned the system in the late 1970s, and it was not until the mid-1980s that they introduced a similar system, this time based on radio tags.^ MBCEStore   -  http://www.mbcestore.com Offers bar code scanners and radio frequency based barcode data collection systems.
  • Google Directory - Computers > Hardware > Peripherals > Bar Code 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC directory.google.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Manufacturer and reseller of bar code and radio frequency based barcode data collection systems.
  • Google Directory - Computers > Hardware > Peripherals > Bar Code 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC directory.google.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Processes remain the same as they have for the past year – no new steps will be introduced at this time as a product of going live.
  • University Animal Care - Bar code Inventory System 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.uac.arizona.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.The railway project had proven to be a bust, but a toll bridge in New Jersey requested that a similar system be developed so that it could quickly scan for cars that had paid for a monthly pass.^ The original patent was for a system that would encode data in circles (a bulls eye pattern), so that it could be scanned in any direction.
  • New Google Logo Celebrates The Barcode 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.techcrunch.com [Source type: General]

^ The Microsoft Windows CE 5.0 operating system could make you sure easy application development, using standard tools.

^ What sort of system could you develop for my business?
  • Barcode Solutions | Barcode Programming 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.namehog.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Then the U.S. Post Office requested the development of a system to keep track of the trucks entering and leaving their facilities.^ Perhaps the first industrial application of barcode was a system developed in 1969 by Computer Identics (see US Patent 3673389 and US Patent 3743819 ) for General Motors to keep track of automobile axials in inventory.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The PostNet bar code was developed by the U.S. Post Office to encode Zip Code information.
  • How to choose a bar code for use in Windows 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.elfring.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In 1988, Burington Northern began inplementing an RFID tag system to keep track of its rail cars.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These applications required special retroreflective labels.^ They support all the features necessary to produce professional quality barcodes for any application - product packaging, document tracking and specialized barcode labeling.
  • Barcode DLLs - Add bar code printing to applications written in VB, C/C++, etc., barcode .net, barcode vb, bar code vb 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.taltech.com [Source type: General]

^ Bar Code Types: Codabar (numeric only): Codabar bar codes are typically used in labeling solutions for applications that require sequential issuing and processing of information.
  • Barcode Labels - Custom Bar code Labels - Product Information - MaverickLabel.Com 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.mavericklabel.com [Source type: General]

^ Thermal Transfer Printing Thermal transfer printers are required when you need either to print one label at a time or when you need to print a roll of labels so that labels can be applied by applicators directly to boxes.
  • http://www.barcodehq.com/primer.html 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodehq.com [Source type: General]

.Finally, Kal Kan asked the Sylvania team to develop a simpler (and cheaper) version which they could put on cases of pet food for inventory control.^ The primitive computers of the day were cumbersome to operate, could only perform simple calculations, and in any case were the size of a typical frozen-food section.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ASAP Systems has developed a fully self customizable, integrated barcode inventory control system to fit any warehouse environment.
  • ASAP Systems | Asset Tracking Blog | Inventory Tracking Blog » barcode scanner 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC asapsystems.com [Source type: General]

^ Our sales team will answer all your questions about inventory control and automatic data collection.
  • Free Barcode Generator (with Multiple Formats) - by Barcoding Inc. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: General]
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This, in turn, led to the grocery industry's interest.[citation needed]

Computer Identics

.In 1967, with the railway system maturing, Collins went to management looking for funding for a project to develop a black and white version of the code for other industries.^ The request went to Singer, National Cash Register, Litton Industries, RCA, Pitney-Bowes, IBM and many others large and small.
  • Keyword.com Bar Code Service sends users direct to web pages with barcode numbers. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Internet Bar Code Registry and the History of the Bar Code. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To name a few, industrial labels, media labels, Product ID labels, Property management, shipping / mailing, tracking / pricing and many others.
  • Barcode Labels - Custom Bar code Labels - Product Information - MaverickLabel.Com 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.mavericklabel.com [Source type: General]

^ With this package you get 18 different font versions in 6 different font formats for Windows, Macintosh, UNIX and a variety of other operating systems.

.They declined, saying that the railway project was large enough and they saw no need to branch out so quickly.^ Fatherhood Fail It's enough to make you fear for future generations Redneck Water Skiing They are resourceful you have to say that.
  • Bar Code Yourself at Kontraband 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.kontraband.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We immediately recognized that we would need an organized program to read in the barcode digits piece by piece and to do so quickly to get enough data samples.

^ They are expensive but able to print large amounts of barcode very quickly.
  • Zebra Barcode Label Printer, Barcode Scanner & Barcode Software 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.allbarcodesystems.com [Source type: General]

.Collins then quit Sylvania and formed Computer Identics.^ Collins quit and co founded Computer Identics Corporation.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sylvania's computer could do the latter; all Collins needed was a means to retrieve the former.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Collins got his master's degree from MIT in 1959 and immediately went to work for the Sylvania Corporation, which was trying to find military applications for a computer it had built.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Computer Identics started working with helium-neon lasers in place of light bulbs, scanning with a mirror to locate the barcode anywhere up to several feet in front of the scanner.^ Bluetooth wireless barcode scanner with laser scan engine .
  • Complete line of Barcode Scanners by Wasp Barcode 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ USB scanners will work on any computer with a USB port.
  • Readerware - CCD Bar Code Readers 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.readerware.com [Source type: General]

^ Bluetooth Barcode Scanner Z3000-scan ...
  • Barcode Videos - Metacafe 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This made the entire process much simpler and more reliable, as well as allowing it to deal with ripped codes by reading the intact portions.^ Bar code readers typically use a red laser to detect the edges of the lines, thus allowing the bar code to be read from almost any direction.
  • bar code@Everything2.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ The chief advantage of bar code systems is that they allow users to process detailed information at the moment the bar code is scanned, rather than simply storing information for later processing.
  • bar code (technology) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Actipro Bar Code takes all the work out of the bar code generation process, by allowing you to simply say what value to encode.

.Computer Identics installed their first two systems in early 1969, one at a General Motors factory in Pontiac, Michigan, and another at a distribution center at the General Trading Company in Carlstadt, New Jersey.^ In the spring of 1969 computer Identics quietly installed its first two systems – probably the first true bar code systems anywhere.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps the first industrial application of barcode was a system developed in 1969 by Computer Identics (see US Patent 3673389 and US Patent 3743819 ) for General Motors to keep track of automobile axials in inventory.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But that was all they needed; the Pontiac plant made only eighteen types of axle, and the General Trading facility had fewer than a hundred doors.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.August 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The General Motors system was used to identify car axles in inventory among the 18 models produced at the factory.^ Tuesday, 18 August 2009 .
  • Gay London clubs bars sex: map, calendar/diary, reviews, news from DISCODAMAGED: BARCODE 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.discodamaged.com [Source type: General]

^ Easy-to-use and reliable barcode label generator is capable of making creative and attractive barcode labels or asset tags useful for shipping labels, bin labels, rack labels and inventory/tracking labels etc.
  • Barcode software generate linear 2D barcode sticker label asset tags images in jpg bmp format 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.generate-barcode.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Perhaps the first industrial application of barcode was a system developed in 1969 by Computer Identics (see US Patent 3673389 and US Patent 3743819 ) for General Motors to keep track of automobile axials in inventory.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

UPC

.In 1966 the National Association of Food Chains (NAFC) held a meeting where they discussed the idea of using automated checkout systems.^ The National Association of Food Chains (NAFC) put out a call to equipment manufacturers for systems that would speed the checkout process.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Flint's system was economically unfeasible, however, 40 years later, Flint, as vice-president of the National Association of Food Chains, supported the efforts which led to the Uniform Product Code (UPC).
  • Keyword.com Bar Code Service sends users direct to web pages with barcode numbers. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Internet Bar Code Registry and the History of the Bar Code. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their research began in 1948 after Mr Silver, a graduate student at the Drexel Institute of Technology in Philadelphia, overheard a local food chain boss asking one of the institute's deans to design a system for reading product data automatically.
  • Bar code: invention history behind new Google doodle - Telegraph 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

.RCA, having purchased rights to the original Woodland patent, had attended the meeting and set up an internal project to develop a system based on the bullseye code.^ Datastrip Code was originally called Softstrip and was developed by Softstrip Systems.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Soon Woodland-whose patent had expired in 1969-was transferred to IBM's facilities in North Carolina, where he played a prominent role in developing the most popular and important version of the technology: the Universal Product Code (UPC).
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The European Article Numbering system (EAN), developed by Joe Woodland, the inventor of the first bar code system, allows for an extra pair of digits and is becoming widely used.

.The Kroger grocery chain volunteered to test it.^ A special group went to work at an RCA laboratory in Princeton New Jersey, and the Kroger grocery chain volunteered itself as a guinea pig.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In mid-1970, the NAFC established the U.S. Supermarket Ad Hoc Committee on a Uniform Grocery Product Code, which set guidelines for barcode development and created a symbol selection subcommittee to help standardize the approach.^ Then, in mid 1970, an industry consortium established an ad hoc committee to look into bar codes.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Universal Product Code is the standard barcode symbol for retail packaging in the United States .
  • Barcode Scanners - Laser & Wireless by Wasp Barcode Technologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The product code is orange on the "Anatomy of a Barcode".
  • What about barcodes and 666: The Mark of the Beast? 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.av1611.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In cooperation with consulting firm McKinsey & Co., they developed a standardized 11-digit code to identify any product.^ The remaining digits are used to identify a product.
  • How to choose a bar code for use in Windows 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.elfring.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Our barcode products are compatible to most of the standard symbologies (for example EAN, UPC, Code 39, Code 128, Interleaved 2 of 5 or I25) or even 2D barcodes (PDF417).

^ Standards usually define a method of identifying an individual product or a shipping container that will be scanned by an independent trading partner.
  • Alpha Systems FAQ - Barcodes 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.alphasystemsva.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The committee then sent out a contract tender to develop a barcode system to print and read the code.^ A barcode reader is used to read the code.

^ Even though the EAN system has the technical ability to read UPC codes, we have received an increasing number of reports lately that retailers in Europe and Asia are requesting that goods delivered to them feature an EAN barcode.
  • UPC Bar Code - Frequently asked questions about UPC codes and information on the process of issuing barcodes. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC barcode-barcode.info [Source type: General]

^ CODABAR TELEPEN PLESSEY Code MSI Code Delta IBM GS1 Databar Code 16K Code 49 PDF 417 DataMatrix (ECC200) * QR * Composite Code * MicroPDF * MacroPDF * Maxicode * * = We can develop a system but we do not have the equipment to read the codes at present.
  • Barcode Solutions | Barcode Programming 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.namehog.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The request went to Singer, National Cash Register (NCR), Litton Industries, RCA, Pitney-Bowes, IBM and many others.^ The request went to Singer, National Cash Register, Litton Industries, RCA, Pitney-Bowes, IBM and many others large and small.
  • Keyword.com Bar Code Service sends users direct to web pages with barcode numbers. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Internet Bar Code Registry and the History of the Bar Code. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To name a few, industrial labels, media labels, Product ID labels, Property management, shipping / mailing, tracking / pricing and many others.
  • Barcode Labels - Custom Bar code Labels - Product Information - MaverickLabel.Com 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.mavericklabel.com [Source type: General]

^ National Cash Register Co), was installed at Marsh's supermarket in Troy, Ohio.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .A wide variety of barcode approaches were studied, including linear codes, RCA's bullseye concentric circle code, systems with starburst patterns, and even odder varieties.^ The original patent was for a system that would encode data in circles (a bulls eye pattern), so that it could be scanned in any direction.
  • New Google Logo Celebrates The Barcode - washingtonpost.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: News]
  • New Google Logo Celebrates The Barcode 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.techcrunch.com [Source type: General]

^ Even though the EAN system has the technical ability to read UPC codes, we have received an increasing number of reports lately that retailers in Europe and Asia are requesting that goods delivered to them feature an EAN barcode.
  • UPC Bar Code - Frequently asked questions about UPC codes and information on the process of issuing barcodes. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC barcode-barcode.info [Source type: General]

^ The product codes were represented by "bull's-eye barcodes", a set of concentric circular bars and spaces of varying widths.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the spring of 1971 RCA demonstrated their bullseye code at another industry meeting, and IBM executives at the meeting noticed the crowds at the RCA booth, immediately setting out to develop their own system.^ IBM executives at that meeting noticed the crowds RCA was drawing and worried that they were losing out on a huge potential market.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the spring of 1971 RCA demonstrated a bulls-eye bar code system at a grocery industry meeting.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The request went to Singer, National Cash Register, Litton Industries, RCA, Pitney-Bowes, IBM and many others large and small.
  • Keyword.com Bar Code Service sends users direct to web pages with barcode numbers. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Internet Bar Code Registry and the History of the Bar Code. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.IBM marketing specialist Alec Jablonover remembered that the company still employed the system's inventor Woodland, and he was set up in new facilities in North Carolina to lead the development.^ Then Alec Jablonover, a marketing specialist at IBM, remembered that his company had the bar code's inventor on staff.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Soon Woodland-whose patent had expired in 1969-was transferred to IBM's facilities in North Carolina, where he played a prominent role in developing the most popular and important version of the technology: the Universal Product Code (UPC).
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the past, we explained that the UPC code is 12 digits long and can be read both by UPC and by EAN scanners since the EAN system is set to accept UP TO 13 digits.
  • UPC Bar Code - Frequently asked questions about UPC codes and information on the process of issuing barcodes. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC barcode-barcode.info [Source type: General]

.In July 1972 RCA began an eighteen-month test of their system in a Kroger store in Cincinnati.^ In July 1972 it began an eighteen-month test in a Kroger store in Cincinnati.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1967 RCA installed one of the first scanning systems at a Kroger store in Cincinnati.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Barcodes were printed on small pieces of adhesive paper, and attached by hand by store employees when they were adding price tags.^ Label Printing After having ten years of experience in the field of barcode label printing, We print Barcode Stickers , Barcode Labels, Price Tickets, Cardboard Tags, Taffeta, Satin Garment Care Labels.
  • 3S Industries -BARCODE SCANNERS INDIA,BARCODE PRINTERS INDIA,BARCODE LABEL PRINTING,THERMAL TRANSFER PRINTERS, 2D BARCODE IMAGERS, LINEAR BARCODE SCANNERS,HANDHELD BARCODE SCANNERS,BARCODE READERS INDIA, BARCODE SCANNERS IN INDIA , GUN TYPE,BARCODE PRINTERS IN INDIA ,BARCODING,BARCODES ,BAR CODE,CODES,BLANK SELF ADHESIVE LABELS STICKERS,PRINTED BARCODE LABELS,THERMAL TRANSFER RIBBONS , BARCODE RIBBONS ,RIBBON ,FOILS,BARCODE VERIFIERS ,BARCODE VERIFIER ,BARCODE VERIFICATION INDIA,LABEL DISPENSER , LABEL APPLICATORS, 2D BARCODE SCANNERS,AIDC, Automatic Identification And Data Collection,Auto ID,barcode solution providers, Personal Data Collectors,barcode solutions for chemists,hospitals,pharma,pos,supermarkets,jewelry shops,jewelers,jewelry tags,low cost , cheapbarcoding INDIA mumbai , barcoding industry , barcoded labels india,barcode label printing machines , barcode label printing equipment,barcoding india mumbaidistributors , resellers , manufacturers , vendors, suppliers , dealers , of barcoding equipment,receipt printers,ink ribbons,blank die-cut labels ,two dimensional barcode scanners ,barcode readers, 2D barcode imagers,barcode slot readers , linear imagers, buletooth barcode scanners,cordless barcode scanners ,wireless barcode scanners , trigerless barcode scanners,portable data terminals,chemists shops,pos,time,attendance,barcode printing , taffeta label printing, satin label printing , cardboard tag printing,barcode artworks positives negatives bromides ,ean upc registration ,EAN , UPC , BOOKLAND, ISBN , ISSN , UCC/EAN 128 , CODE 39 ,code 93 , CODE 128 ,ITF 14 barcodes two 2 dimensional barcodes , Data Matrix,from international brands like Sony, Dynic, Armor, Ricoh,PDF 417 , maxicode ,datamatrix, QR code , Aztec code, barcode artworksACE , ARGOX , CITIZEN , C.ITOH , CITOH , GODEX , NOVEXX , AVERY DENNISON,PRONTO QLS, SOABAR , DATAMAX , SATO , TEC , ZEBRA , ELTRON,PSC, SYMBOL, HHP, METROLOGIC,BAR CODE READER,MUMBAI, GURGAON, HARAYANA ,DELHI,BANGALORE,CHENNAI, BANGLORE,CHENNAI, KOLKATA, PUNE, NASIK , PUNJAB,TIRPUR,TirupurMAHARASHTRA , ALL OVER INDIA 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.3sindustries.com [Source type: Academic]

^ They are most commonly used at supermarkets and retail stores as they hasten the pace of scanning; Fixed Position Scanner: This is a barcode reader for industrial purposes.

^ I even had the opportunity to do a laser print-out of the barcodes generated by Barcode Studio, and they scanned-in beautifully."
  • Barcode Maker Software: Barcode Studio Creates Barcodes as EPS, PDF, JPG, TIF, GIF, BMP, PNG 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.tec-it.com [Source type: General]

The code proved to have a serious problem. .During printing, presses sometimes smear ink in the direction the paper is running, rendering the code unreadable in most orientations.^ Printing presses sometimes smear ink in the direction the paper is running.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most bar code printing programs will not print a bar code unless the narrowest bar is at least three dots wide.
  • Bar Code Fonts Page 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: General]

^ Your custom label can be printed with most bar code symbologies including: EAN, Code 39, Code 128, UPC, Codabar and others.
  • Preprinted Barcode Labels to solve all your product labeling needs. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.universaltag.com [Source type: General]

.A linear code, like the one being developed by Woodland at IBM, however, was printed in the direction of the stripes, so extra ink simply makes the code "taller" while remaining readable, and on April 3, 1973 the IBM UPC code was selected by NAFC as their standard.^ Simply select a bar code style and font , enter text ...
  • BAR Code Software Informer: Print your own bar code 128 in any subset A, B, C, EAN, UCC, SCC-14, and SSCC-18. ZebraDesigner 1.0.2.553 is a program to design bar code labels. 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC bar-code.software.informer.com [Source type: General]

^ UPC-A: the most common symbology in the US. April 3, 1973: the grocery industry formally establishes Universal Product Code as the standard bar code symbology for product marking, and UPC is the first bar code symbology widely adopted.
  • treoware.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC treoware.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UPC Bar Codes The Universal Product Code has been used in the North American retail industry since 1973.
  • Bar Code 93 v3.7 Shareware Download - Want to print bar code 93 directly from Windows? 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.filebuzz.com [Source type: General]

IBM had designed five versions of the UPC symbology for future industry requirements: UPC A, B, C, D, and E.[4]
.NCR installed a testbed system at Marsh's Supermarket in Troy, Ohio, USA near the factory that was producing the equipment.^ On June 26, 1974, all the tests were done, all the proposals were complete, all the standards were set, and at a Marsh supermarket in Troy, Ohio, a single pack of chewing gum became the first retail product sold with the help of a scanner.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first item to be scanned using UPC was a packet of Wrigley’s chewing gum at a supermarket in Troy, Ohio, in June 1974.
  • Bar code: invention history behind new Google doodle - Telegraph 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ On June 26, 1974 at 8:01am , the first product with a bar code, a 10-pack of Wrigley's Juicy Fruit chewing gum, was scanned at a check-out counter at a Marsh supermarket in Troy, Ohio.
  • Keyword.com Bar Code Service sends users direct to web pages with barcode numbers. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Internet Bar Code Registry and the History of the Bar Code. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On June 26, 1974, Clyde Dawson pulled a 10-pack of Wrigley's Juicy Fruit gum out of his basket and it was scanned by Sharon Buchanan at 8:01 am.^ On June 26, 1974 at 8:01am , the first product with a bar code, a 10-pack of Wrigley's Juicy Fruit chewing gum, was scanned at a check-out counter at a Marsh supermarket in Troy, Ohio.
  • Keyword.com Bar Code Service sends users direct to web pages with barcode numbers. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Internet Bar Code Registry and the History of the Bar Code. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was a 10-pack of Wrigley's Juicy Fruit chewing gum.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On June 26, 1974, all the tests were done, all the proposals were complete, all the standards were set, and at a Marsh supermarket in Troy, Ohio, a single pack of chewing gum became the first retail product sold with the help of a scanner.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The pack of gum and the receipt are now on display in the Smithsonian Institution.^ Today, the pack of gum is on display at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 10-pack of Wrigley's Juicy Fruit gum is on display at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History, not far from Alexander Bell's contribution, the telephone.
  • Keyword.com Bar Code Service sends users direct to web pages with barcode numbers. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Internet Bar Code Registry and the History of the Bar Code. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.keyword.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It was the first commercial appearance of the UPC.[5]
.Economic studies conducted for the grocery industry committee projected over $40 million in savings to the industry from scanning by the mid-1970s.^ Then, in mid 1970, an industry consortium established an ad hoc committee to look into bar codes.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This last goal turned out to be quite plausible; a 1970 study by McKinsey & Company predicted that the industry would save $150 million a year by adopting the systems.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Those numbers were not achieved in that time frame and there were those who predicted the demise of barcode scanning.^ All of the companies listed above OVER CHARGE, there is honestly NO REASON that Bar Code Numbers should be those insanely high prices.
  • How to Buy a Bar Code | eHow.com 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ Barcodes consist of a series of bars, some fat (ones), some thin (zeros), that make numbers that can be easily scanned .
  • barcode@Everything2.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Having different coded numbers for each side allows the barcode to be scanned in either direction.
  • What about barcodes and 666: The Mark of the Beast? 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.av1611.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The usefulness of the barcode required the adoption of expensive scanners by a critical mass of retailers while manufacturers simultaneously adopted barcode labels.^ Label and barcode printer manufacturer.
  • Google Directory - Computers > Hardware > Peripherals > Bar Code 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC directory.google.com [Source type: Reference]

^ They are most commonly used at supermarkets and retail stores as they hasten the pace of scanning; Fixed Position Scanner: This is a barcode reader for industrial purposes.

^ Simply Barcodes strongly recommends test-scanning any UPC code prototype produced by your manufacturing facility before going into mass production.
  • UPC Bar Code - Frequently asked questions about UPC codes and information on the process of issuing barcodes. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC barcode-barcode.info [Source type: General]

.Neither wanted to move first and results weren't promising for the first couple of years, with Business Week proclaiming "The Supermarket Scanner That Failed."^ Cable length often limits working range, resulting in an item being picked up and moved to the barcode scanner because the barcode scanner can't be taken to the item.
  • Cordless Barcode Scanner - Honeywell, Symbol, Datalogic, Intermec 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.consumerschoicepos.com [Source type: General]

^ Upon reading the first three transitions, the scanner has finished the left guard and has moved on to the left-side digits.

[5]
.For years many had worked to computerize the grocery industry.^ The ConnectCode Engine have been created and tested vigourously by a team with many years of experience in the Auto-ID and IT industry.
  • Barcode Fonts and Software by Barcode Resource 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoderesource.com [Source type: General]

^ The patent expired in 1969, 5 years before the first industry wide use of barcode in grocery stores.
  • Bar Code History Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1971 IBM had assembled a team for an intensive planning session, day after day, 12 to 18 hours a day, to hash out how the whole system might operate and to schedule a rollout plan.^ With this package you get 18 different font versions in 6 different font formats for Windows, Macintosh, UNIX and a variety of other operating systems.

.By 1973 they were meeting with grocery manufacturers to introduce the symbol that would need to be printed on all of their products.^ The bar codes printed on supermarket and other retail merchandise in the United States are those of the Universal Product Code , or UPC, which assigns each type of food or grocery product a unique code.
  • bar code (technology) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ They support all the features necessary to produce professional quality barcodes for any application - product packaging, document tracking and specialized barcode labeling.
  • Barcode DLLs - Add bar code printing to applications written in VB, C/C++, etc., barcode .net, barcode vb, bar code vb 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.taltech.com [Source type: General]

^ Barcode tags that are custom printed to solve all your bar code identification needs.
  • Barcode tags that are custom printed to solve all your bar code identification needs. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.universaltag.com [Source type: General]

.There were no cost savings for a grocery to use it unless at least 70% of the grocery's products had the barcode printed on the product by the manufacturer.^ High quality barcode printed products.
  • Bar Code, Bar Code Manufacturers & Suppliers 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.alibaba.com [Source type: General]

^ Probably each one of us is aware that almost every single business today uses barcodes in their products.
  • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

^ All Products are NEW , factory sealed and come with the FULL manufacturer's warranty (unless otherwise specified).
  • Barcode Printers from PrinterSavings.com (714)922-1140 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.printersavings.com [Source type: General]

IBM was projecting that 75% would be in 1975. Even though that was achieved, there still were scanning machines in fewer than 200 grocery stores by 1977.[6]
.Experience with barcode scanning in those stores revealed benefits previously unappreciated.^ They are most commonly used at supermarkets and retail stores as they hasten the pace of scanning; Fixed Position Scanner: This is a barcode reader for industrial purposes.

^ You also benefit from our 20 years experience making barcoding products with free support, multi user pricing and easy upgrades.
  • Barcode Software, Mac and PC Barcoding Software, Bar Code Readers and Barcode Systems. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC peninsula-group.com [Source type: General]

^ Every store uses barcode because of the benefits attached to it.
  • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

.The detailed sales information acquired by the new systems allowed far better servicing of customer needs.^ The chief advantage of bar code systems is that they allow users to process detailed information at the moment the bar code is scanned, rather than simply storing information for later processing.
  • bar code (technology) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ With a professionally trained staff and our helpful support, Barcode Basics continues to lead the Point Of Sale (POS) and Barcode Scanner industry in customer satisfaction and service.
  • Barcode Scanners | Bar Code Readers | Printers | Elo Touch Systems | Planar Touchscreen Monitors | Mobile Computers | Honeywell | Zebra, Motorola 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC barcodebasics.com [Source type: General]

^ Applicable in the U.S. For all other countries, please contact your Motorola account manager or the local Motorola Customer Service representative in your area for further details.
  • http://www.motorola.com/business/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=44e575489c075110VgnVCM1000008406b00aRCRD 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.motorola.com [Source type: Academic]
  • http://www.motorola.com/business/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=44e575489c075110VgnVCM1000008406b00aRCRD&vgnextchannel=a166322c369b5110VgnVCM1000008406b00aRCRD 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.motorola.com [Source type: Academic]

.This was reflected in the fact that about 5 weeks after installing barcode scanners, sales in grocery stores typically started climbing and eventually leveled off at a 10-12% increase in sales that never dropped off.^ With a professionally trained staff and our helpful support, Barcode Basics continues to lead the Point Of Sale (POS) and Barcode Scanner industry in customer satisfaction and service.
  • Barcode Scanners | Bar Code Readers | Printers | Elo Touch Systems | Planar Touchscreen Monitors | Mobile Computers | Honeywell | Zebra, Motorola 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC barcodebasics.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition, state-of-the-art optics permit the Datalogic Gryphon M100 cordless barcode scanner to read at superior depths of field (over 12 inches) never reached before by similar products when reading the most popular codes.
  • Cordless Barcode Scanner - Honeywell, Symbol, Datalogic, Intermec 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.consumerschoicepos.com [Source type: General]

^ I saw in the news the other day about a family of three shoplifting at a very popular grocery store for baby formula and other infant's needs ...

.There also was a 1% to 2% decrease in operating cost for the stores that enabled them to lower prices in order to increase market share.^ Low Cost Barcode Scanners - Our best selling barcode scanner, now avaialable on 3 for the price of 2 and as a bundle with our market leading software.
  • Barcode Readers .com, barcode readers for mac and pc, barcoding software 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodereaders.com [Source type: General]

^ However, if you are a independent store, there seems to be no cost.
  • CD Baby - UPC BARCODES - everything you ever wanted to know... 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC cdbaby.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was shown in the field that the return on investment for a barcode scanner was 41.5%.^ Depth of field refers to the distance throughout which a barcode scanner is able to read codes.
  • Bar Code Terminology 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.tasc.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Very seldom will the scanner read a barcode and return a valid barcode that is different from what it should have read.

^ The Datalogic QM2130 QuickScan Mobile provides an outstanding return on investment for users seeking a cordless barcode scanner for general purpose retail and commercial data collection applications.
  • Cordless Barcode Scanner - Honeywell, Symbol, Datalogic, Intermec 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.consumerschoicepos.com [Source type: General]

By 1980 the technology was being adopted by 8000 stores per year.[6]
.The global public launch of the barcode was greeted with minor skepticism from conspiracy theorists, who considered barcodes to be an intrusive surveillance technology, and from some Christians who thought the codes hid the number 666, representing the antichrist.^ Do barcodes really contain the number 666?
  • What about barcodes and 666: The Mark of the Beast? 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.av1611.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is the number 666 "hidden" in the UPC barcode?
  • What about barcodes and 666: The Mark of the Beast? 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.av1611.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Having different coded numbers for each side allows the barcode to be scanned in either direction.
  • What about barcodes and 666: The Mark of the Beast? 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.av1611.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Television host Phil Donahue described barcodes as a "corporate plot against consumers".[7]

Industrial adoption

.In 1981 the United States Department of Defense adopted the use of Code 39 for marking all products sold to the United States military.^ The primary barcode used in the United States is the UPC (Universal Product Code) barcode.
  • What about barcodes and 666: The Mark of the Beast? 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.av1611.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UPC Bar Codes The Universal Product Code has been used in the North American retail industry since 1973.
  • Bar Code 93 v3.7 Shareware Download - Want to print bar code 93 directly from Windows? 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.filebuzz.com [Source type: General]

^ EAN-13 bar codes are used widely in Europe and gradually all over the planet to print product codes that will be recognized by point of sales scanners, as well as robots or hand held devices, used to manage inventory.
  • Barcode font EAN 13 and Barcode Wizard. Free download Windows, Macintosh 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC barcodefontshop.com [Source type: General]

.This system, LOGMARS, is still used by DoD and is widely viewed as the catalyst for widespread adoption of barcoding in industrial applications.^ Toying with barcodes – or hacking systems that use barcodes.

^ FNC4 is used in closed system applications.
  • Bar Code Scanners handheld, laser, CCD - Barcode scanner reader fonts Buy Price $A 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.ausmedia.com.au [Source type: Reference]

^ They are most commonly used at supermarkets and retail stores as they hasten the pace of scanning; Fixed Position Scanner: This is a barcode reader for industrial purposes.

[8]

Use

.Barcodes—especially the UPC—have slowly become an essential[citation needed] part of modern civilization.^ The barcode is a technical innovation that has become an often unnoticed, yet essential, part of modern day life.
  • New Google Logo Celebrates The Barcode 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.techcrunch.com [Source type: General]

^ Typically, the UPC-E barcode is printed as a separate label rather than as part of the product ID label.
  • Barcode Labels - Custom Bar code Labels - MaverickLabel.Com, Inc. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.mavericklabel.com [Source type: General]

^ Repair, Laptop support Barcode scanners have now become a routine essential in various stores ...
  • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

.Their use is widespread, and the technology behind barcodes is constantly improving.^ Barcode Scanner The logical and physical process behind using a laser handheld barcode scanner is a slow one since barcodes are a linear, line of sight technology which required human interaction most of the time.

^ Ryzex Group   -  http://www.ryzex.com Provides barcode, data-collection and wireless technology solutions both new and used.
  • Google Directory - Computers > Hardware > Peripherals > Bar Code 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC directory.google.com [Source type: Reference]

^ IntelliScanner SOHO’s smart barcode scanner and software uses advanced barcode technology [more...
  • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

Some modern applications of barcodes include:
.
  • Almost every item purchased from a grocery store, department store, and mass merchandiser has a UPC barcode on it.^ In fact, nearly every item that you purchase from a grocery store, department store and mass merchandiser has a UPC bar code on it somewhere.

    ^ UPC bar codes were originally created to help grocery stores speed up the checkout process and keep better track of inventory .
    • Bar Code Technology, Barcodes, Bar Code Symbologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.educypedia.be [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Probably each one of us is aware that almost every single business today uses barcodes in their products.
    • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

    .This greatly helps in keeping track of a large number of items in a store and also reduces instances of shoplifting involving price tag swapping, although shoplifters can now print their own barcodes.^ UPC bar codes were originally created to help grocery stores speed up the checkout process and keep better track of inventory .
    • Bar Code Technology, Barcodes, Bar Code Symbologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.educypedia.be [Source type: Reference]

    ^ The emerging barcode technologies will allow this device to help you not only track your financial information on the products, but what the products are, their own unique information such as weight or lot number, it will allow the merchandiser to scan and record purchase data, identification and shipping data, etc.

    ^ Laser Labels - Before saying YES, I would print a sheet of labels, and then take them to a store that you know uses barcode scanners.
    • CD Baby - UPC BARCODES - everything you ever wanted to know... 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC cdbaby.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Since the adoption of barcodes, both consumers and retailers have benefited from the savings generated.
  • Barcodes are widely used in shop floor control applications software where employees can scan work orders and enter the time spent on a job.^ Bokai barcode image generator ActiveX control is a barcode control that can be used to develop applications.
    • Bar Code Software - Zoner Barcode Studio, Bar Code 128, IDpack Plus, Barcode Maker 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC finaldownload.com [Source type: General]

    ^ At this time most conventional CCD and Laser scanners cannot read 2D barcodes but low cost 1D/2D scanners are entering the market..
    • Barcode Labels - Custom Bar code Labels - MaverickLabel.Com, Inc. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.mavericklabel.com [Source type: General]

    ^ They are most commonly used at supermarkets and retail stores as they hasten the pace of scanning; Fixed Position Scanner: This is a barcode reader for industrial purposes.

    [9]
  • .
  • Retail chain membership cards (issued mostly by grocery stores and specialty "big box" retail stores such as sporting equipment, office supply, or pet stores) use bar codes to uniquely identify a consumer.^ This makes it possible to use bar code fonts from such programs (i.e.
    • http://www.barcodehq.com/primer.html 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodehq.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Offers bar coding equipment and supplies, plus computer hardware.
    • Google Directory - Computers > Hardware > Peripherals > Bar Code 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC directory.google.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Sell bar-code card .
    • bar code - offers from bar code manufacturers, suppliers, exporters, wholesalers & distributors 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.tradekey.com [Source type: General]

    .Retailers benefit by being able to offer customized marketing and greater understanding of individual consumer shopping patterns.^ Scan Shop Limited   -  http://www.e-scanshop.com Offers barcode scanners, barcode printers and portable data terminals for industrial and retail environments.
    • Google Directory - Computers > Hardware > Peripherals > Bar Code 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC directory.google.com [Source type: Reference]

    Shoppers typically get special offers at the point of sale (coupons, product discounts) or special marketing offers through the address or e-mail address provided at registration.
.
Example of barcode on a patient identification wristband.
  • When used on patient identification, barcodes permit clinical staff to instantly access a wealth of vital patient data, including medical history, allergy warnings and other potentially life-saving medical information.
  • Document Management tools often allow for barcoded sheets to facilitate the separation and indexing of documents that have been imaged in batch scanning applications.
  • The tracking of item movement, including rental cars, airline luggage, nuclear waste, mail and parcels.
  • Since 2005, airlines use an IATA-standard 2D barcode on boarding passes (BCBP), and since 2008 2D barcodes sent to mobile phones enable electronic boarding passes.^ If you don’t know, the Nokia Barcode application is able to scan 2D barcodes, which ...
    • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

    ^ There are several standards for 2D-barcodes.
    • Barcode file transfer - OLPC 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC wiki.laptop.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Cell phones replacing boarding passes .

    [10]
  • .
  • Recently, researchers have placed tiny barcodes on individual bees to track the insects' mating habits.
  • Entertainment event tickets can have barcodes that need to be validated before allowing the holder to enter sports arenas, cinemas, theatres, fairgrounds, transportation etc.^ Researchers have mounted tiny bar codes on bees to track the insects' mating habits.
    • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Do I need to attach the barcode to each track?
    • CD Baby - UPC BARCODES - everything you ever wanted to know... 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC cdbaby.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The only limiting factor with pen-wand scanners is that they need to come in direct contact with the barcode and have to be placed a specific angle as well for reading the barcode in question.

    .This can allow the proprietor to identify duplicate or fraudulent tickets more easily.
  • Used on automobiles, can be located on front or back.
  • Joined with in-motion checkweighers to identify the item being weighed in a conveyor line for data collection
  • Some 2D barcodes embed a hyperlink to a web page.^ Source for barcoding and data collection services.
    • Google Directory - Computers > Hardware > Peripherals > Bar Code 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC directory.google.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ These are used extensively on packed cartons and boxes or for pallets that have to still go through some processes and reach another location.

    ^ Select 2D barcode scanners can also parse data encoded on driver´s licenses, speeding data entry for official forms and eliminating errors.
    • Barcode Scanner - POSMicro.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.posmicro.com [Source type: Academic]

    .A capable cellphone might be used to read the barcode and browse the linked website.
  • In the 1970s and 1980s, software source code was occasionally encoded in a barcode and printed on paper.^ Keywords: Create barcode , print barcodes , barcode , bar code software , barcoding .
    • Code 39 barcode printing downloads at VicMan 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.vicman.net [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Includes barcode and label printing capability.
    • Barcode Software, Mac and PC Barcoding Software, Bar Code Readers and Barcode Systems. 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC peninsula-group.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Keywords: Bar code printing software , barcode label printing , bar code label printing , barcode label , bar code label .
    • Code 39 barcode printing downloads at VicMan 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.vicman.net [Source type: Academic]

    Cauzin Softstrip and Paperbyte[11] are barcode symbologies specifically designed for this application.
  • The 1991 Barcode Battler computer game system, which used any standard barcode to generate combat statistics.
  • 1992, Veterans Health Administration developed Bar Code Medication Administration system (BCMA).
  • At the turn of the century, many artists started using barcodes in art, such as Scott Blake's Barcode Jesus.

Symbologies

The mapping between messages and barcodes is called a symbology. .The specification of a symbology includes the encoding of the single digits/characters of the message as well as the start and stop markers into bars and space, the size of the quiet zone required to be before and after the barcode as well as the computation of a checksum.^ Selecting a bar code Before you decide on a specific symbology...
  • bar code Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about bar code 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Includes checksum calculator and encoding program.
  • Bar Code Fonts Page 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: General]

^ Digits represent bar/space dimensions.
  • Barcode 0.98 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC ar.linux.it [Source type: Reference]

Linear symbologies can be classified mainly by two properties:
  • Continuous vs. discrete: Characters in continuous symbologies usually abut, with one character ending with a space and the next beginning with a bar, or vice versa. Characters in discrete symbologies begin and end with bars; the intercharacter space is ignored, as long as it is not wide enough to look like the code ends.
  • Two-width vs. many-width: Bars and spaces in two-width symbologies are wide or narrow; how wide a wide bar is exactly has no significance as long as the symbology requirements for wide bars are adhered to (usually two to three times wider than a narrow bar). Bars and spaces in many-width symbologies are all multiples of a basic width called the module; most such codes use four widths of 1, 2, 3 and 4 modules.
.Some symbologies use interleaving.^ Some bar code symbologies only encode numbers (bar code 2/5 interleaved, EAN, PostNet, and UPC) while other bar codes only encode a fixed number of digits (EAN 8, EAN 13, and UPC-A) .
  • How to choose a bar code for use in Windows 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.elfring.com [Source type: Reference]

.The first character is encoded using black bars of varying width.^ Bar codes can be of variable length and don't use a checksum.
  • How to choose a bar code for use in Windows 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.elfring.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Still, while early bar-code systems would automate the checkout, they would not be useful for monitoring inventory, because at first too few items would come labeled with codes.
  • Barcoding Inc. - Barcode History 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcoding.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UCC / EAN 128 is another variation of subset C. Using the subset A or B Start code you can encode the entire ASCII character set, including control codes.
  • How to choose a bar code for use in Windows 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.elfring.com [Source type: Reference]

.The second character is then encoded, by varying the width of the white spaces between these bars.^ The data is coded in a series of bars and spaces of varying width.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The space between two adjacent bar code characters in a discrete code.
  • Barcode Glossary of Terms: Drake Industries - Durable, Highly Customized UL and CSA Approved Labels 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.drake.com [Source type: Reference]

^ It allows you to change the barcode bar and space widths as well as barcode margins and the middle area separating main and add-on barcodes.
  • Barcode for Office Help 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.bokai.com [Source type: Reference]

.Thus characters are encoded in pairs over the same section of the barcode.^ A full alphanumeric barcode capable of encoding all 128 ASCII characters.
  • Barcode Scanners - Laser & Wireless by Wasp Barcode Technologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The thickness of a bar measured from the edge closest to the symbol start character to the trailing edge of the same barcode.
  • Barcode Scanners - Laser & Wireless by Wasp Barcode Technologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The barcode on the Google homepage is Code 128 encoded, which is a standard way of encoding ASCII character strings (ie.
  • New Google Logo Celebrates The Barcode 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.techcrunch.com [Source type: General]

Interleaved 2 of 5 is an example of this.
.Stacked symbologies consist of a given linear symbology repeated vertically in multiple.^ Stacked symbologies are optimized for laser scanning as the laser makes multiple passes across the barcode.

^ D symbologies cannot be read by laser for the same reason stacked can; multiple sweeps.

There is a large variety of 2D symbologies. .The most common are matrix codes, which feature square or dot-shaped modules arranged on a grid pattern.^ Most bar code printing programs will not print a bar code unless the narrowest bar is at least three dots wide.
  • Bar Code Fonts Page 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: General]

^ It is made up of square matrix symbols with an L-shaped peripheral Finder and adjacent timing marks.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Two dimensional symbology composed of rows of data arranged in a rectangular or square pattern.
  • Barcode Scanners - Laser & Wireless by Wasp Barcode Technologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.2-D symbologies also come in a variety of other visual formats.^ With this package you get 18 different font versions in 6 different font formats for Windows, Macintosh, UNIX and a variety of other operating systems.

.Aside from circular patterns, there are several 2-D symbologies which employ steganography by hiding an array of different-sized or -shaped modules within a user-specified image (for example, DataGlyphs).^ Barcode image producer utility generates bulk barcode images using random and sequential barcode series and stores them at user specified location in your system for future reference.
  • Barcode maker downloads at VicMan 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.vicman.net [Source type: General]

^ There are several different standards used where the most popular is the the DPBC Postnet recognized by its 62 bars.
  • PrecisionID Native ASP Barcode Generator 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC native-asp-barcode.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Please note that the Y direction goes from top to bottom for PCL, and the origin for an image is the top-left corner instead of the bottom-left -p pagesize Specify a non-default page size.
  • Barcode 0.98 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC ar.linux.it [Source type: Reference]

.Linear symbologies are optimized to be read by a laser scanner, which sweeps a beam of light across the barcode in a straight line, reading a slice of the barcode light-dark patterns.^ High-performance laser barcode scanner .
  • Barcode Scanners - Laser & Wireless by Wasp Barcode Technologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Laser Barcode Scanner An optical barcode reading device using a low-energy laser light beam for scanning.
  • Barcode Scanners - Laser & Wireless by Wasp Barcode Technologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Barcode scanner for reading damaged or dirty barcodes .
  • Barcode Scanners - Laser & Wireless by Wasp Barcode Technologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the 1990s development of CCD imagers to read barcodes was pioneered by Welch Allyn.^ Remember an area imager allows us to read 2D barcodes (Data Matrix, Aztec, QR Code, PDF417) and also capture images if needed.

^ Flash memory is used by Welch Allyn in most products as an alternative to PROMs (Programmable Read Only Memory) because flash memory can be easily updated.
  • Barcode Glossary of Terms: Drake Industries - Durable, Highly Customized UL and CSA Approved Labels 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.drake.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Laser barcode scanner is capable of reading labels from a larger distance than CCD scanners ...
  • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

.Imaging does not require moving parts, like a laser scanner does.^ Two-dimensional code systems have become more feasible with the increased use of moving beam laser scanners, and Charge Coupled Device (CCD) scanners.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The moving scan element of the LZ3x0 and the LZ4x0 lasers have a lifetime warranty and both scanners use a scan engine which is rated to withstand 2000G's of force on impact.
  • http://www.barcodehq.com/primer.html 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodehq.com [Source type: General]

^ The Datalogic QS6500 bluetooth cordless barcode scanner offer aggressive scanning performance and improved durability and reliability resulting from the elimination of the moving parts typical in older technology laser barcode scanners.
  • Cordless Barcode Scanner - Honeywell, Symbol, Datalogic, Intermec 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.consumerschoicepos.com [Source type: General]

.In 2007, linear imaging was surpassing laser scanning as the preferred scan engine for its performance and durability.^ The Symbol LS2208 LASER handheld scanner from Motorola offers high performance scanning at a moderate price point.
  • Bar Code Scanners handheld, laser, CCD - Barcode scanner reader fonts Buy Price $A 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.ausmedia.com.au [Source type: Reference]

^ High Performance Optical Engine The XI3200 features an aggressive optical scan engine engineered with a lightning fast scan rate and an increased depth of field - The result is near-laser performance with the added durability of no moving parts.

^ Solid-state electronics ensure superior reliability and durability versus laser devices and provides for fast and snappy reading performance.
  • Cordless Barcode Scanner - Honeywell, Symbol, Datalogic, Intermec 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.consumerschoicepos.com [Source type: General]

.Stacked symbologies are also optimized for laser scanning, with the laser making multiple passes across the barcode.^ Stacked symbologies are optimized for laser scanning as the laser makes multiple passes across the barcode.

^ The laser line moves vertically during scanning, allowing accurate capture of even the smallest, stacked and poorly printed bar codes on the first scan.
  • Cordless Barcode Scanner - Honeywell, Symbol, Datalogic, Intermec 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.consumerschoicepos.com [Source type: General]

^ Operators will find the bright laser easy to see and easy to line up on a desired barcode making the Honeywell MS9535 cordless barcode scanner perfect for menu scanning applications.
  • Cordless Barcode Scanner - Honeywell, Symbol, Datalogic, Intermec 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.consumerschoicepos.com [Source type: General]

.2-D symbologies cannot be read by a laser as there is typically no sweep pattern that can encompass the entire symbol.^ A PDF417 symbol can be read with modified handheld laser or CCD scanners.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

^ There are typically no moving parts in a CCD scanner which could be touted as an advantage by some, however our lasers scanners have a lifetime warranty on the moving element.
  • http://www.barcodehq.com/primer.html 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodehq.com [Source type: General]

^ Typical reading rates are 5 symbols per second.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

.They must be scanned by an image-based scanner employing a charge coupled device (CCD) or other digital camera sensor technology.^ We initially sought to build a charge-coupled device (CCD) scanner, which scans the entire barcode at once.

^ D requires scanning by a CCD or charge coupled device or other digital camera sensor technology.

^ This includes scan engines and barcode scanner accessories, such as cables, cradles, and other equipment you need for getting your scanner set up.
  • Barcode Scanner - POSMicro.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.posmicro.com [Source type: Academic]

Scanners (barcode readers)

.The earliest, and still the cheapest, barcode scanners are built from a fixed light and a single photosensor that is manually "scrubbed" across the barcode.^ Laser scanners emit a laser light beam which sweeps back and forth or is projected across the bar code anywhere from 36 times per second to over 100 times per second.
  • http://www.barcodehq.com/primer.html 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodehq.com [Source type: General]

^ Opticon offers barcode scanner solutions for cross-industry application in the retail, hospitality, healthcare, manufacturing and distribution sectors with its wireless, cabled, and fixed position barcode scanners.
  • Barcode Scanner - POSMicro.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.posmicro.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Every Datalogic scanner is built ergonomically, featuring light weight construction and comforatable handles.
  • Barcode Scanner - POSMicro.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.posmicro.com [Source type: Academic]

.Barcode scanners can be classified into three categories based on their connection to the computer.^ PDA Barcode Scanner devices plug into the expansion slots of PDAs or mobile computers, allowing you to add scanning functionality to existing hardware.
  • Barcode Scanner - POSMicro.com 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.posmicro.com [Source type: Academic]

^ These units have decoder, battery, and transmitter built into the scanner -- allowing cordless scanning back to a base station/decoder.
  • http://www.barcodehq.com/primer.html 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodehq.com [Source type: General]

^ And every [expletive-removed] barcode is divided into two parts by three markers and those three markers are always represented by the number six.
  • What about barcodes and 666: The Mark of the Beast? 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.av1611.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The older type is the RS-232 barcode scanner.^ Carolinia Barcode (use to be Finley's Barcode) (alternate download site for an older version of Finley's Barcode Font ) is a Crippled Windows True type and Adobe type 1 Code 39 bar code font.
  • Bar Code Fonts Page 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: General]

^ A 2-dimensional or 2D barcode scanner is required to read this type of barcode.
  • Barcode Scanners - Laser & Wireless by Wasp Barcode Technologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Barcode Scanner Type Omni Directional Scanner   Laser Scanner   CCD Scanner   Image Scanner   2-D Scanner   Connectivity Wireless   Wired   Interface Type USB   RS 232   Keyboard-Wedge   PS/2   Suggested Searches .
  • Barcode Scanners at bizrate. Compare Prices and Read Consumer Reviews 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

.This type requires special programming for transferring the input data to the application program.^ Thermal Transfer Printing Thermal transfer printers are required when you need either to print one label at a time or when you need to print a roll of labels so that labels can be applied by applicators directly to boxes.
  • http://www.barcodehq.com/primer.html 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodehq.com [Source type: General]

^ Therefore it is necessary to have a translator program which you can switch to, enter the data you wish to print, copy it to the clipboard, and then copy the translated strings into your application.
  • http://www.barcodehq.com/primer.html 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodehq.com [Source type: General]

^ A hardware device or software program (Software Wedge) which uses a barcode scanner for input and sends data directly into an application by emulating a keyboard stroke.
  • Barcode Scanners - Laser & Wireless by Wasp Barcode Technologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another type connects between a computer and its PS/2 or AT keyboard by the use of an adaptor cable.^ Use this dialog box to enter into the barcode data a character that has no ASCII equivalent or one that cannot be entered by typing on the keyboard.
  • Barcode for Office Help 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.bokai.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Keyboard interface readers are nicknamed "wedge readers", because they physically wedge between the keyboard and the computer (or mainframe terminal) and attach as a 2nd keyboard.
  • http://www.barcodehq.com/primer.html 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodehq.com [Source type: General]

^ This connection is used when keyboard wedge transmission is too slow, or when the interface is not supported by the product.
  • Barcode Glossary of Terms: Drake Industries - Durable, Highly Customized UL and CSA Approved Labels 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.drake.com [Source type: Reference]

.The third type is the USB barcode scanner, which is a more modern and more easily installed device than the RS-232 scanner.^ This method should be used in cases where the barcode is either being outputted to a device other than the screen, or the barcode is being generated on a headless machine (e.g.

^ Two-dimensional code systems have become more feasible with the increased use of moving beam laser scanners, and Charge Coupled Device (CCD) scanners.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Store home Metrologic Barcode Scanners (15) HAND HELD Barcode Scanners (2) Credit Card Readers (25) SPECIALS (3) id.usb (39) .
  • eBay Store - Barcode Auctions: id.usb, Credit Card Readers, Metrologic Barcode Scanners 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC stores.ebay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Like the keyboard interface scanner, this has the advantage that it does not need any code or program for transferring input data to the application program; when you scan the barcode its data is sent to the computer as if it had been typed on the keyboard.^ If you don’t know, the Nokia Barcode application is able to scan 2D barcodes, which ...
  • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

^ The scanned barcode data goes where the cursor is - exactly as if you just typed it.
  • Altek Instruments -> BarcodeMan -> Simple Scanner, Low Cost Barcode Scanner 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodeman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scanned data appears on your screen as if you typed it from your keyboard.
  • Barcode Scanners at bizrate. Compare Prices and Read Consumer Reviews 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

Verifier (Pika inspection)

.Barcode verifiers are primarily used by businesses that print barcodes, but any trading partner in the supply chain could test barcode quality.^ High quality barcode printed products.
  • Bar Code, Bar Code Manufacturers & Suppliers 11 September 2009 6:28 UTC www.alibaba.com [Source type: General]

^ Probably each one of us is aware that almost every single business today uses barcodes in their products.
  • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

^ Barcode data collection hardware supplier and supply chain software manufacturer.
  • Google Directory - Computers > Hardware > Peripherals > Bar Code 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC directory.google.com [Source type: Reference]

.It is important to "grade" a barcode to ensure that any scanner in the supply chain can read the barcode.^ Barcode scanner for reading damaged or dirty barcodes .
  • Barcode Scanners - Laser & Wireless by Wasp Barcode Technologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Read reviews on Barcode Scanners.
  • Barcode Scanners at bizrate. Compare Prices and Read Consumer Reviews 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

^ Barcode data collection hardware supplier and supply chain software manufacturer.
  • Google Directory - Computers > Hardware > Peripherals > Bar Code 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC directory.google.com [Source type: Reference]

Retailers levy large fines and penalties for non-compliant barcodes.
.Barcode verifiers work in a way similar to a scanner but instead of simply decoding a barcode, a verifier performs a series of eight tests.^ WLP4170 2D Series Barcode Scanners .
  • Complete line of Barcode Scanners by Wasp Barcode 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ High-performance laser barcode scanner .
  • Barcode Scanners - Laser & Wireless by Wasp Barcode Technologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pen style barcode scanner provides a cost effective way to reduce repetitive data entry .
  • Complete line of Barcode Scanners by Wasp Barcode 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.co.uk [Source type: General]

Each test is given a grade from 0.0 to 4.0 (F to A) and the lowest of any of the tests is the scan grade. For most applications a 2.5 (C) grade is the minimum acceptable grade.
Barcode verifier standards:
  • Barcode verifiers should comply with the ISO 15426-1 (linear barcode verifier compliance standard) or ISO 15426-2 (2D barcode verifier compliance standard)
  • The current international barcode quality specification is ISO/IEC 15416 (linear barcodes) and ISO/IEC 15415 (2D barcodes)
  • The European Standard EN 1635 has been withdrawn and replaced by ISO/IEC 15416
  • The original U.S. barcode quality specification was ANSI X3.182. UPC Codes used in the US ANSI/UCC5.
Barcode verifier manufacturers (partial list):
  • Axicon (linear, 2D) Tel: +44 (0)1869351155
  • Auto ID Solutions (2D)
  • LVS(R)Inc (linear, 2D)
  • Intermec (linear, 2D)
  • Motorola Symbol (linear, 2D)
  • Axicon (linear, 2D)
  • Code Corporation (linear, 2D)
  • IFM Efector (linear, 2D, UID)
  • Cognex Corporation (2D, UID)
  • Honeywell (earlier known as Metrologic and HHP) (linear, 2D)
  • REA Elektronik GmbH (linear)
  • RJS/Printronix (linear)
  • Siemens (linear, 2D, UID)
  • Microscan (linear, 2D, UID)
  • Stratix (linear)
  • Webscan (linear, 2D)
  • Datalogic (linear, stacked, 2D, direct part marked)
  • Compar AG vision systems & robotics (2D, UID)
Barcode verifier test code manufacturers:
  • Applied Image Inc. (Rochester, NY)

Benefits

.In point-of-sale management, the use of barcodes can provide very detailed up-to-date information on key aspects of the business, enabling decisions to be made much more quickly and with more confidence.^ Barcode Giant carries an extensive selection of bar code equipment including bar code scanner, bar code printer, auto ID, and point of sale products.
  • Bar Code Equipment for Less from Barcode Giant: bar code scanner, printer, software & more! 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodegiant.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Probably each one of us is aware that almost every single business today uses barcodes in their products.
  • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

^ POS Software and Solutions Optimized for single retail locations, Wasp Complete ePOS (electronic Point-of-Sale) Solution provides a system like a big company without the big business costs.
  • Complete line of Barcode Scanners by Wasp Barcode 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.co.uk [Source type: General]

For example:
.
  • Fast-selling items can be identified quickly and automatically reordered to meet consumer demand,
  • Slow-selling items can be identified, preventing a build-up of unwanted stock,
  • The effects of repositioning a given product within a store can be monitored, allowing fast-moving more profitable items to occupy the best space,
  • Historical data can be used to predict seasonal fluctuations very accurately.
  • Items may be repriced on the shelf to reflect both sale prices and price increases.
  • This technology also enables the profiling of individual consumers, typically through a voluntary registration of discount cards.^ Two-dimensional code systems have become more feasible with the increased use of moving beam laser scanners, and Charge Coupled Device (CCD) scanners.
    • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ It may include automating paper based operations to Automatic Data Collection using Bar code, Biometrics, RFID and all the latest data capture and wireless technologies over Wireless, Wired and Cellular networks.

    ^ The laser line moves vertically during scanning, allowing accurate capture of even the smallest, stacked and poorly printed bar codes on the first scan.
    • Cordless Barcode Scanner - Honeywell, Symbol, Datalogic, Intermec 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.consumerschoicepos.com [Source type: General]

    While pitched as a benefit to the consumer, this practice is considered to be potentially dangerous by privacy advocates.
.Besides sales and inventory tracking, barcodes are very useful in shipping/receiving/tracking.^ Ideal for shipping & receiving and warehouse use .
  • Barcode Scanners - Laser & Wireless by Wasp Barcode Technologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, barcode printing uses a very small subset of PCL, probably also LaserJet II should print it without problem, but the resulting text may be horrible.
  • Barcode 0.98 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC ar.linux.it [Source type: Reference]

^ Two-dimensional barcode providing error correction, detection, and security used primarily in parcel tracking applications and hazardous material control.
  • Barcode Scanners - Laser & Wireless by Wasp Barcode Technologies 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.waspbarcode.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • When a manufacturer packs a box with any given item, a Unique Identifying Number (UID) can be assigned to the box.
  • A relational database can be created to relate the UID to relevant information about the box; such as order number, items packed, qty packed, final destination, etc.
  • The information can be transmitted through a communication system such as Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) so the retailer has the information about a shipment before it arrives.
  • Shipments that are sent to a Distribution Center (DC) are tracked before being forwarded to the final destination.^ Header information contains details about the data stored on the strip: file name, number of bytes, density of the data strip, etc.
    • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Radio Frequency Identification.  An electronic tag capable of receiving/storing and/or transmitting digital information by means of (and in responding to) Radio Frequency (RF) energy.
    • Barcode Glossary of Terms: Drake Industries - Durable, Highly Customized UL and CSA Approved Labels 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.drake.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ The barcode's purpose is to track sales/distribution of a unique title i.e "Album One".
    • CD Baby - UPC BARCODES - everything you ever wanted to know... 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC cdbaby.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    When the shipment gets to the final destination, the UID gets scanned, so the store knows where the order came from, what's inside the box, and how much to pay the manufacturer.
.The reason barcodes are business-friendly is that the scanners are relatively low cost and extremely accurate compared to key-entry, with only about 1 substitution error in 15,000 to 36 trillion characters entered.^ The P370 (industrial) and the P470 (retail) are cordless barcode scanners with 17 key keypads.
  • Cordless Barcode Scanner - Honeywell, Symbol, Datalogic, Intermec 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.consumerschoicepos.com [Source type: General]

^ When I wrote about five applications we wish were made for the BlackBerry last week, one thing I mentioned was a barcode scanner ...
  • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

^ Featuring a 3-year manufacturers warranty, the Datalogic QM2130 QuickScan Mobile cordless barcode scanner is the ideal solution for retail and commercial environments where cordless scanning is the key to optimum productivity, lower cost of ownership and a more profitable business.
  • Cordless Barcode Scanner - Honeywell, Symbol, Datalogic, Intermec 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.consumerschoicepos.com [Source type: General]

[12] The exact error rate depends on the type of barcode.

Types of barcodes

Linear barcodes

Symbology Continuous
or
discrete
Bar widths Uses
U.P.C. Continuous Many Worldwide retail, GS1 approved
Codabar Discrete Two Old format used in libraries, blood banks, airbills
Code 25 – Non-interleaved 2 of 5 Continuous Two Industrial (NO)
Code 25 – Interleaved 2 of 5 Continuous Two Wholesale, Libraries (NO)
Code 39 Discrete Two Various
Code 93 Continuous Many Various
Code 128 Continuous Many Various
Code 128A Continuous Many Various
Code 128B Continuous Many Various
Code 128C Continuous Many Various
Code 11 Discrete Two Telephones
CPC Binary Discrete Two Post office
DUN 14 Continuous Many Various
EAN 2 Continuous Many Addon code (Magazines), GS1 approved
EAN 5 Continuous Many Addon code (Books), GS1 approved
EAN 8, EAN 13 Continuous Many Worldwide retail, GS1 approved
Facing Identification Mark Continuous One USPS business reply mail
GS1-128 (formerly known as UCC/EAN-128), incorrectly referenced as EAN 128 and UCC 128 Continuous Many Various, GS1 approved
GS1 DataBar formerly Reduced Space Symbology (RSS) Continuous Many Various, GS1 approved
HIBC (HIBCC Bar Code Standard) [13]
ITF-14 Continuous Many Non-retail packaging levels, GS1 approved
Latent image barcode Neither Tall/short Color print film
Pharmacode Neither Two Pharmaceutical Packaging
Plessey Continuous Two Catalogs, store shelves, inventory
PLANET Continuous Tall/short United States Postal Service
POSTNET Continuous Tall/short United States Postal Service
Intelligent Mail Barcode Continuous Tall/short United States Postal Service, replaces both POSTNET and PLANET symbols (Previously known as OneCode)
MSI Continuous Two Used for warehouse shelves and inventory
PostBar Discrete Many Canadian Post office
RM4SCC / KIX Continuous Tall/short Royal Mail / Royal TPG Post
JAN Continuous Many Used in Japan, similar and compatible with EAN-13
Telepen Continuous Two Libraries, etc (UK)

Matrix (2D) barcodes

.A matrix code, also known as a 2D barcode or simply a 2D code, is a two-dimensional way of representing information.^ Two-dimensional code systems have become more feasible with the increased use of moving beam laser scanners, and Charge Coupled Device (CCD) scanners.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The first truly two-dimensional bar code was introduced by Intermec Corporation in 1988 when they announced Code 49.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

^ And every [expletive-removed] barcode is divided into two parts by three markers and those three markers are always represented by the number six.
  • What about barcodes and 666: The Mark of the Beast? 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.av1611.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is similar to a linear (1-dimensional) barcode, but has more data representation capability.^ Barcode system enables you to capture more data faster than any human [more...
  • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

^ A barcode is a scanned representation of data presented in the form of series of bars and spaces ...
  • barcode: The Necessity of Barcode Printers in Modern Times (blog) 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC gaoengineering.com [Source type: General]

^ More information about Data Matrix is available at The Barcode Software Center web site .
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

Symbology Notes
3-DI Developed by Lynn Ltd.
ArrayTag From ArrayTech Systems.
Aztec Code Designed by Andrew Longacre at Welch Allyn (now Hand Held Products). Public domain.
Small Aztec Code Space-saving version of Aztec code.
Chromatic Alphabet[14] an artistic proposal by C. C. Elian; divides the visible spectrum into 26 different wavelengths - hues.
Chromocode uses black, white, and 4 saturated colors.[15]
Codablock Stacked 1D barcodes.
Code 1 Public domain.
Code 16K Based on 1D Code 128.
Code 49 Stacked 1D barcodes from Intermec Corp.
ColorCode ColorZip.[16] developed colour barcodes that can be read by camera phones from TV screens; mainly used in Korea.^ Just use a old Dolphin Windows CE terminal with the debug software and … read the iPhone screen .
  • Barcode challenge - Hack a Day 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC hackaday.com [Source type: General]

^ My reader couldn’t read the hackaday barcode directly off my computer screen, but it could read the Google one (which says “Google”, naturally).
  • Barcode challenge - Hack a Day 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC hackaday.com [Source type: General]

^ If using an LCD monitor, it is possible to scan a barcode directly from the screen(saves plenty of paper when setting up scanners) .
  • Barcode challenge - Hack a Day 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC hackaday.com [Source type: General]

[17]
Compact Matrix Code From Syscan Group, Inc.
CP Code From CP Tron, Inc.
CyberCode From Sony.
d-touch readable when printed on deformable gloves and stretched and distorted[18]
DataGlyphs From Palo Alto Research Center (also known as Xerox PARC).[19]
Datamatrix From RVSI Acuity CiMatrix/Siemens. Public domain. Increasingly used throughout the United States.
Datastrip Code From Datastrip, Inc.
Dot Code A Designed for the unique identification of items.
EZcode Designed for decoding by cameraphones.[20]
Grid Matrix Code From Syscan Group, Inc.
High Capacity Color Barcode Developed by Microsoft; licensed by ISAN-IA.
HueCode From Robot Design Associates. Uses greyscale or colour.[21]
INTACTA.CODE From INTACTA Technologies, Inc.
InterCode From Iconlab, Inc. The standard 2D barcode in South Korea. All 3 South Korean mobile carriers put the scanner program of this code into their handsets to access mobile internet, as a default embedded program.
MaxiCode Used by .United Parcel Service.^ Maxicode (originally called UPSCode, sometimes called Code 6) is a matrix code developed by United Parcel Service in 1992.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

Now Public Domain
mCode Developed by Nextcode Corporation specifically for camera phone scanning applications. Designed to enable advanced cell mobile applications with standard camera phones.
MiniCode From Omniplanar, Inc.
Micro PDF417 Facilitates codes too small to be used in PDF417.
MMCC Designed to disseminate high capacity mobile phone content via existing colour print and electronic media, without the need for network connectivity
Nintendo e-Reader#Dot code Developed by Olympus Corporation to store songs, images, and mini-games for Game Boy Advance on Pokémon trading cards.
Optar Developed by Twibright Labs and published as free software. .Aims at maximum data storage density, for storing data on paper.^ Header information contains details about the data stored on the strip: file name, number of bytes, density of the data strip, etc.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

^ That means that a Data Matrix symbol has a maximum theoretical density of 500 million characters to the inch!
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

^ For example, the maximum data density is 56 alphanumeric characters per square inch with a symbol using an x-dimension of about 7.5 mils and a bar ratio of 2 to 1.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

.200kB per A4 page with laser printer.^ Laser printers are great for producing batches of labels, but if you need only one label (where there are multiple labels per page) at a time, dot matrix or thermal transfer printers are required.
  • http://www.barcodehq.com/primer.html 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodehq.com [Source type: General]

PaperDisk High density code, used both for data heavy applications (10K – 1 MB) and camera phones (50+ bits). Developed and patented by Cobblestone Software.[22]
PDF417 Originated by Symbol Technologies. Public Domain.
PDMark Developer by Ardaco.
QR Code Initially developed, patented and owned by Toyota subsidiary Denso Wave for car parts management; now public domain. .Can encode Japanese Kanji and Kana characters, music, images, URLs, emails.^ One important feature of the symbology is its ability to encode directly Japanese Kanji and Kana characters.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

De facto standard for Japanese cell phones. .Also used with BlackBerry Messenger to pickup contacts rather than using a PIN code.^ The field engineer uses a portable reader to get the information rather than dialing up the home office's computer.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The 24- pin printers produce better bar codes than 9-pin printers, especially as the ribbon is getting low on ink.
  • http://www.barcodehq.com/primer.html 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.barcodehq.com [Source type: General]

^ They wanted the bar code to be a portable database rather than just a database key.
  • 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page 10 February 2010 11:57 UTC www.adams1.com [Source type: Reference]

QuickMark Code From SimpleAct Inc.[23]
Semacode A Data Matrix code used to encode URLs for applications using cellular phones with cameras.
SmartCode From InfoImaging Technologies.
Snowflake Code From Marconi Data Systems, Inc.
ShotCode Circular barcodes for camera phones by OP3. Originally from High Energy Magic Ltd in name Spotcode. Before that probably known as TRIPCode.
SPARQCode QR Code encoding standard from MSKYNET, Inc.
SuperCode Public domain.
Trillcode From Lark Computers. Designed to work with mobile devices camera or webcam PC. Can encode a variety of "actions".
UltraCode Black-and-white & colour versions. Public domain. Invented by Jeffrey Kaufman and Clive Hohberger.
UnisCode also called "Beijing U Code"; a colour 2D barcode developed by Chinese company UNIS
VeriCode, VSCode From Veritec, Inc.
WaterCode High-density 2D Barcode(440 Bytes/cm2) From MarkAny Inc.

Example images

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Some Hot North American RFID Applications, rfidradio.com
  2. ^ a b Tony Seideman, "Barcodes Sweep the World", barcoding.com Wonders of Modern Technology
  3. ^ George Laurer, "Development of the U.P.C. Symbol", bellsouthpwp.net
  4. ^ Nelson, Benjamin (1997). From Punched Cards To Bar Codes. 
  5. ^ a b Varchaver, Nicholas (2004-05-31). "Scanning the Globe". Fortune. http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/2004/05/31/370719/index.htm. Retrieved 2006-11-27. 
  6. ^ a b Selmeier, Bill (2008). Spreading the Barcode. pp. 26, 214, 236, 238, 244, 245, 236, 238, 244, 245. ISBN 978-0-578-02417-2. 
  7. ^ Bishop, Tricia (July 5 2004). "UPC bar code has been in use 30 years". SFgate.com. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2004/07/05/BUG6Q7G4AJ1.DTL&type=business. Retrieved 22 December 2009. 
  8. ^ Adams1.com
  9. ^ Expedimedia.com, How to use barcode
  10. ^ IATA.org
  11. ^ "Paperbyte Bar Codes for Waduzitdo" Byte magazine, 1978 September p. 172
  12. ^ Harmon and Adams(1989). Reading Between The Lines, p.13. Helmers Publishing, Inc, Peterborough, New Hampshire, USA. ISBN 0911261001.
  13. ^ FDA.gov
  14. ^ Chromatic Alphabet by C. C. Elian. The Elian Script, ccelian.com
  15. ^ Chromocode ... Multicolor / Polychromatic Barcode Symbology
  16. ^ Colorzip.com
  17. ^ ""Barcodes for TV Commercials"". Adverlab.blogspot.com. 2006-01-31. http://adverlab.blogspot.com/2006/01/barcodes-for-tv-commercials.html. Retrieved 2009-06-10. 
  18. ^ d-touch topological fiducial recognition; "d-touch markers are applied to deformable gloves", media.mit.edu
  19. ^ See Xerox.com for details.
  20. ^ scanbuy.com
  21. ^ "BarCode-1 2-Dimensional Bar Code Page". Adams1.com. http://www.adams1.com/pub/russadam/stack.html. Retrieved 2009-06-10. 
  22. ^ PaperDisk.com
  23. ^ Quickmark.com
  24. ^ (株)デンソーウェーブ, denso-wave.com (Japanese) Copyright

Bibliography

  • Automating Management Information Systems: Barcode Engineering and Implementation – Harry E. Burke, Thomson Learning, ISBN 0-442-20712-3
  • Automating Management Information Systems: Principles of Barcode Applications – Harry E. Burke, Thomson Learning, ISBN 0-442-20667-4
  • The Bar Code Book – Roger C. Palmer, Helmers Publishing, ISBN 0-911261-09-5, 386 pages
  • The Bar Code Manual – Eugene F. Brighan, Thompson Learning, ISBN 0-03-016173-8
  • Handbook of Bar Coding Systems – Harry E. Burke, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, ISBN 978-0-442-21430-2, 219 pages
  • Information Technology for Retail:Automatic Identification & Data Capture Systems - Girdhar Joshi, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-569796-0, 416 pages
  • Lines of Communication – Craig K. Harmon, Helmers Publishing, ISBN 0-911261-07-9, 425 pages
  • Punched Cards to Bar Codes – Benjamin Nelson, Helmers Publishing, ISBN 0-911261-12-5, 434 pages
  • Revolution at the Checkout Counter: The Explosion of the Bar Code – Stephen A. Brown, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-76720-9
  • Reading Between The Lines – Craig K. Harmon and Russ Adams, Helmers Publishing, ISBN 0-911261-00-1, 297 pages
  • The Black and White Solution: Bar Code and the IBM PC – Russ Adams and Joyce Lane, Helmers Publishing, ISBN 0-911261-01-X, 169 pages
  • Sourcebook of Automatic Identification and Data Collection – Russ Adams, Van Nostrand Reinhold, ISBN 0-442-31850-2, 298 pages

External links


Simple English

File:UPC
A UPC-A barcode symbol

A barcode is a way of optically representing data. Originally, barcodes represented data in the widths (lines) and the spacings of parallel lines, and may be referred to as linear or 1D (1 dimensional) barcodes. 2D systems use symbols other than bars, but they are still referred to as barcodes as well. Barcodes can be read by optical scanners called barcode readers, or scanned from an image by special software.

File:Wikipedia barcode
The word Wikipedia represented in a barcode.

The first use of barcodes was to label railroad cars, but they were not commercially successful until they were used to automate supermarket checkout systems, a task in which they have become almost universal. Their use has spread to many other roles as well, but the simplicity, universality and low cost of barcodes has limited the role of these other systems.

Uses

Barcodes—especially the Universal Product Code -UPC —have slowly become an essential part of modern life. Their use is widespread, and the technology behind barcodes is constantly improving. Some modern applications of barcodes include:

  • Almost every item purchased from a store has a UPC barcode on it. This greatly helps in keeping track of a large number of items in a store
  • When they are used to identify patients in a hospital, barcodes permit clinical staff to instantly access vital patient data, including medical history, allergy warnings and other potentially life-saving medical information.
  • The tracking of item movement, including rental cars, airline luggage, nuclear waste, mail and parcels.
  • Since 2005, airlines have used an IATA-standard 2D barcode on boarding passes
  • Entertainment event tickets can have barcodes that need to be checked before allowing the holder to enter sports arenas, cinemas, theatres, fairgrounds, transportation etc.

Benefits

In point-of-sale management, the use of barcodes can provide up-to-date information on aspects of the business,. For example:

  • Fast-selling items can be identified quickly and automatically reordered to meet consumer demand,
  • Slow-selling items can be identified, preventing a build-up of unwanted stock,
  • Historical data can be used to predict seasonal fluctuations very accurately.
  • Items may be repriced on the shelf to reflect both sale prices and price increases.
  • This technology also enables the profiling of individual consumers,

The reason barcodes are business-friendly is that the scanners are relatively low cost and extremely accurate compared to key-entry, with only about 1 substitution error in 15,000 to 36 trillion characters entered. The exact error rate depends on the type of barcode.

Example images


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 13, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Barcode, which are similar to those in the above article.








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