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USS Barnegat (AVP-10)
USS Barnegat (AVP-10), lead ship of the Barnegat-class small seaplane tenders, in Puget Sound on 14 October 1941
Class overview
Name: Barnegat
Builders: Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington (4 ships)
Boston Navy Yard, Boston, Massachusetts (2 ships)
Lake Washington Shipyard, Houghton, Washington (24 ships)
Puget Sound Navy Yard and Lake Washington Shipyard (1 ship)
Associated Shipbuilders, Inc.,[1] Seattle, Washington (4 ships)
Preceded by: Curtiss class
Succeeded by: Currituck class
Built: October 1939-July 1946
In commission: July 1941-January 1973
Planned: 41
Completed: 35 total
30 as seaplane tenders
4 as motor torpedo boat tenders
1 as catapult training ship
Cancelled: 6
Lost: 0
Retired: 35
Preserved: 0
General characteristics
Class and type: Barnegat class small seaplane tender
Displacement: 2,040 tons standard
2,551 tons full load
Length: 310 ft 9 in (94.72 m) overall
300 ft 0 in (91.44 m) (waterline)
Beam: 41 ft 1 in (12.52 m)
Draft: 12 ft 5 in (3.78 m) full
Installed power: 6,000 to 6,080 horsepower (4.48 to 4.54 MW)
Propulsion: Diesel engine, two shafts
Speed: 20 knots (37 km/h)
Range: 6,000 nautical miles (11,112 kilometers) at 12 knots (22 km/h)
Capacity: 80,000 U.S. gallons (302,833 liters) aviation fuel
Complement: 215 (ship's company)
367 (including aviation unit)
Sensors and
processing systems:
Radar, sonar
Armament: Designed: 2 × 5-inch (127-millimeter) guns
Assigned 1942 (rarely fully installed): 4 × 5-inch (127-mm) guns, 8 × 20 mm antiaircraft guns, plus in some units 2 × depth charge racks
1944: Either 2 × 5-inch (127-mm) guns and 4 × 20 mm antiaircraft guns or 1 × 5-inch (127-mm) gun, 1 x quadruple 40 mm antiaircraft gun mount, 2 × twin 40 mm gun mounts, and 6 × 20 mm antiaircraft guns (also Mousetrap aboard Coos Bay only).
Aviation facilities: Supplies, fuel, berthing, and repairs for one squadron of seaplanes

The Barnegat class was a large class of United States Navy small seaplane tenders built during World War II. Thirty were completed as seaplane tenders, four as motor torpedo boat tenders, and one as a catapult training ship.[2]

Contents

Design

Before World War II, the United States Navy foresaw a need for a large force of seaplane tenders in the event of a war in the Pacific, to allow air operations from undeveloped islands and atolls. Full-size seaplane tenders (AVs) were designed to support two squadrons of flying boats each, but they were more expensive to build and had a deep draft, precluding their use in shallow harbors. The U.S. Navy therefore also planned for "small seaplane tenders" (AVPs), with a shallower draft, capable of supporting only one squadron each but cheaper to build and able to operate in shallow waters; the AVPs were the descendants of the "seaplane tenders (destroyer)" (AVDs), converted from old destroyers. Both the full-size and small seaplane tenders were designed to provide supplies, spare parts, fuel, repairs, and berthing for assigned seaplane squadrons, and were well-armed so that they could serve as the primary line of defense of the seaplane bases they set up.[2]

The Barnegat-class ships were the first purpose-built AVPs, prior ships carrying that designation having been converted destroyers and minesweepers. In addition to carrying out the above-described responsibilities, they were well-enough armed to be employed as escorts for larger seaplane tenders, having a substantial anti-air and anti-surface gunnery capability, as well as depth charge racks and sonar for antisubmarine work. The gun battery varied greatly, being envisioned originally as two 5-inch (127-millimeter) 38-caliber guns, being expanded to an assigned total of four such guns in 1942. Few ships mounted four of these guns, and batteries of three, two, or one 5-inch (130 mm) were mounted during World War II, accompanied by various combinations of 40-millimeter and 20 mm antiaircraft guns.[2] The armament was reduced after the war; those ships in commission as survey ships were entirely unarmed by 1959.

The ships were reliable, long-ranged, and seaworthy, and had good habitability.[2]

In the spring of 1943, the U.S. Navy concluded that the number of Barnegats ordered was excess to requirements. Four of them were converted during construction to motor torpedo boat tenders, while a fifth was modified during construction for use a catapult training ship for battleship and cruiser floatplane pilots, her catapult equipment coming from that manufactured for canceled Cleveland-class light cruisers. Six other Barnegats were canceled—four on 22 April 1943 and two more on 29 April 1943 -- without having been laid down, their diesel engines being needed for various escort ships and amphibious landing craft.[2]

Three Barnegats were selected in 1945 for conversion to press information ships in anticipation of the 1945–1946 invasion of Japan, but when the war ended without this invasion being necessary they were converted back into seaplane tenders.[2]

Naming

The class was named for its lead unit, Barnegat. A few of the ships were named after islands, but the vast majority were named after bodies of water, mostly bays and inlets, around the United States and the then-Territory of Alaska.

Operations

The ships entered service between 1941 and 1946, and all but three of them were commissioned in time to participate in combat actions in World War II. The motor torpedo boat tenders served in the Pacific during the latter half of the war, while the seaplane tenders saw service in virtually every theater in which the United States Navy operated during the war.[3]

The combination of the post-World War II downsizing of the U.S. Navy and the decline of the seaplane and motor torpedo boat in U.S. naval operations meant that all but the newest ships decommissioned in 1946 and 1947. Those that did stay on in service as seaplane tenders decommissioned between the mid-1950s and 1960s, some seeing service in the Korean War (1950–1953). The last unit did not leave U.S. Navy service until 1973.[3]

However, the ships proved versatile and durable, and had long second lives postwar. One became a specialized flagship late in her life. Some became oceanographic and hydrographic survey ships, either in U.S. Navy, United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, or Greek service. Eighteen were transferred to the United States Coast Guard -- where they became known as Casco-class cutters -- between 1946 and 1949 for service mostly as weather reporting ships, a role they played until the late 1960s and early 1970s; some of the Coast Guard ships saw service in the Vietnam War, and one survived as a cutter until 1988. A number of the units of the class were transferred to foreign navies, including those of Ethiopia, Italy, Norway, the Philippines, and South Vietnam, for use as patrol vessels and training ships, and a few saw commercial service as cruise ships in Greece. The murky information available on a unit incorporated into the Vietnam People's Navy after the fall of South Vietnam in 1975 suggests that she remained active until at least 2000 and may remain active today; even if reports of her longevity are inaccurate, it should be noted that the last member of this large and long-lived class of ships did not leave service until 1993, when the ship transferred to Italy was decommissioned by the Italian Navy.[3]

Ships

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USS Barnegat (AVP-10)

Barnegat, lead unit of the class, was commissioned in July 1941. She served in the Atlantic until February 1945, then finished World War II in the Pacific. She was in reserve from 1945 to 1958, then was sold into commercial service and was used a Greek cruise ship from 1962 to 1986.[4]

USS Biscayne (AVP-11, later AGC-18)

Biscayne was in commission from 1941 to 1946. During the first half of World War II, she saw service as a seaplane tender in the Atlantic, in the Caribbean, in West Africa, and in North Africa. Converted into an amphibious force flagship in 1943, she served in the Mediterranean in 1943-1944, seeing action in the amphibious landings in Operation Avalanche at Salerno, Operation Shingle at Anzio, and Operation Dragoon in southern France. Redesignated AGC-18 in 1944, she then served in the Pacific in 1945, serving at Iwo Jima, in the Okinawa campaign, and in the Philippines before the war ended. Postwar, she served in Korea and China. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Dexter (WAGC-18), later WAVP-385, later WHEC-385, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1949 to 1952 and from 1958 to 1968.[5]

USS Casco (AVP-12)

Casco was in commission from 1941 to 1947, performing her World War II service in the Pacific. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Casco (WAVP-370), later WHEC-370, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1949 to 1969.[6]

USS Mackinac (AVP-13)

Mackinac was in commission from 1942 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Pacific. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Mackinac (WAVP-371), later WHEC-371, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1949 to 1968.[7]

USS Humboldt (AVP-21)

Humboldt was in commission from 1941 to 1947, performing her World War II service in the Atlantic and Mediterranean. She was among three Barnegat-class ships selected in 1945 for conversion to a press information ship, redesignated AG-121, for the projected invasion of Japan in 1945–1946, but the war ended before the invasion could take place and she was converted back into a seaplane tender.She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Humboldt (WAVP-372), later WHEC-372, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1949 to 1969.[8]

USS Matagorda (AVP-22)

Matagorda was in commission from 1941 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Atlantic. She was among three Barnegat-class ships selected in 1945 for conversion to a press information ship, redesignated AG-122, for the projected invasion of Japan in 1945–1946, but the war ended before the invasion could take place and she was converted back into a seaplane tender. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Matagorda (WAVP-373), later WHEC-373, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1949 to 1968.[9]

USS Absecon (AVP-23)

Absecon was in commission from 1943 to 1947. She was converted while under construction into a catapult training ship, and spent World War II in Florida waters training battleship and cruiser floatplane pilots in catapult launches, also serving as a mobile target for torpedo planes. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Absecon (WAVP-374), later WHEC-374, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1949 to 1972. She was transferred to South Vietnam in 1972 and captured by North Vietnam on the collapse of the South Vietnamese government at the end of the Vietnam War in 1975.[10]

USS Chincoteague (AVP-24)

Chincoteague was in commission from 1943 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Pacific. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Chincoteague (WAVP-375), later WHEC-375, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1949 to 1972. She was transferred to South Vietnam in 1972. Upon the collapse of the South Vietnamese government at the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, she fled to the Philippines. She served in the Philippine Navy from 1975 to 1985.[11]

USS Coos Bay (AVP-25)

Coos Bay was in commission from 1943 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Pacific. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Coos Bay (WAVP-376), later WHEC-376, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1949 to 1966.[12]

USS Half Moon (AVP-26, ex-AGP-6, ex-AVP-26)

Half Moon was laid down as a seaplane tender, then was chosen as one of four Barnegat-class ships to be converted to a motor torpedo boat tender prior to completion and redesignated AGP-6, but ultimately was completed as a seaplane tender, with her sister ship Oyster Bay becoming the motor torpedo tender AGP-6 instead. She was in commission from 1943 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Pacific, where she saw action in the New Guinea campaign and the Philippines campaign. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Half Moon (WAVP-378), later WHEC-378, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1948 to 1969.[13]

USS Mobjack (AGP-7, ex-AVP-27)

Mobjack was one of four Barnegat-class ships to be converted during construction into a motor torpedo boat tender. She was in commission from 1943 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Pacific, supporting operations at Morotai, in the Philippines campaign, and in the Borneo campaign. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey postwar, serving as the survey ship USC&GS Pioneer (OSS 31) until 1966.[14]

USS Oyster Bay (AGP-6, ex-AVP-28)

Oyster Bay was one of four Barnegat-class ships to be converted during construction into a motor torpedo boat tender. She was in commission from 1943 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Pacific, where she saw action in the New Guinea and Philippine campaigns. Stricken from the Navy List in 1946, she was reinstated as a seaplane tender in 1949 and kept in reserve until 1957. She was transferred to Italy in 1957, serving in the Italian Navy until 1993.[15]

USS Rockaway (AVP-29)

Rockaway was in commission from 1943 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Atlantic and Mediterranean. She was among three Barnegat-class ships selected in 1945 for conversion to a press information ship, redesignated AG-123, for the projected invasion of Japan in 1945–1946, but the war ended before the invasion could take place and she was converted back into a seaplane tender. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Rockaway (WAVP-377), later WAGO-377, WHEC-377, and WOLE-377, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1948 to 1972.[16]

USS San Pablo (AVP-30, later AGS-30)

San Pablo was in commission from 1943 to 1947 as a seaplane tender, performing her World War II service in the Pacific, where she saw action in the Southwest Pacific, the New Guinea campaign, the Central Pacific, and the Philippines campaign. She recommissioned in 1948 after conversion to a hydrographic survey ship, redesignated AGS-30, and served in this capacity until 1969.[17]

USS Unimak (AVP-31)

Unimak was in commission from 1943 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Pacific through the end of 1944, then in the Atlantic during the first half of 1945. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Unimak (WAVP-379), later WHEC-379, later WTR-379, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1949 to 1975 and from 1977 to 1988.[18]

USS Yakutat (AVP-32)

Yakutat was in commission from 1944 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Pacific, where she supported the Peleliu, Mariana Islands, and Okinawa campaigns. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Unimak (WAVP-380), later WHEC-380, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1948 to 1971. She was transferred to South Vietnam in 1971. Upon the collapse of the South Vietnamese government at the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, she fled to the Philippines, where she was cannibalized for spare parts.[19]

USS Barataria (AVP-33)

Barataria was in commission from 1944 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Pacific, where she saw action in the Philippines campaign. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Barataria (WAVP-381), later WHEC-381, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1948 to 1969.[20]

USS Bering Strait (AVP-34)

Bering Strait was in commission from 1944 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Central Pacific, where she saw action in the Okinawa campaign. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Bering Strait (WAVP-382), later WHEC-382, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1948 to 1971. She was transferred to South Vietnam in 1971. Upon the collapse of the South Vietnamese government at the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, she fled to the Philippines, and served in the Philippine Navy until 1985.[21]

USS Castle Rock (AVP-35)

Castle Rock was in commission from 1944 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Pacific. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Castle Rock (WAVP-383), later WHEC-383, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1948 to 1971. She was transferred to South Vietnam in 1971. Upon the collapse of the South Vietnamese government at the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, she fled to the Philippines, and served in the Philippine Navy until 1985.[22]

USS Cook Inlet (AVP-36)

Cook Inlet was in commission from 1944 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Pacific, where she served in Hawaii and saw action in the Iwo Jima campaign. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Cook Inlet (WAVP-384), later WHEC-384, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1948 to 1971. She was transferred to South Vietnam in 1971. Upon the collapse of the South Vietnamese government at the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, she fled to the Philippines, where she was cannibalized for spare parts.[23]

USS Corson (AVP-37)

Corson was in commission from 1944 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Central Pacific. She was recommissioned in 1951 and saw service in support of United Nations forces in the Korean War (1950–1953), then remained in commission until 1966.[24]

USS Duxbury Bay (AVP-38)

Duxbury Bay was in commission from 1944 to 1966. She performed her World War II service in the Central Pacific and in the Okinawa campaign. Postwar she served worldwide.[25]

USS Gardiners Bay (AVP-39)

Gardiners Bay was in commission from 1945 to 1958, with World War II service in the Okinawa campaign. She also served four tours of duty in support of United Nations forces during the Korean War. In 1958 she was transferred to Norway, where she served as the naval cadet training ship HNoMS Haakon VII (A-537) until 1974.[26]

USS Floyds Bay (AVP-40)

Floyds Bay was in commission from 1945 to 1960. She served at Okinawa at the end of World War II, cruised around the world in 1947–1948, and then served in the Pacific and Far East.[27]

USS Greenwich Bay (AVP-41)

Greenwich Bay was in commission from 1945 to 1966. She arrived in the Western Pacific just after the end of World War II. She cruised around the world in 1946, then operated in the Pacific before spending most of her career in the Middle East and Mediterranean.[28]

USS Hatteras (AVP-42)

The contract for the construction of Hatteras was cancelled on 22 April 1943 before she was laid down.[29]

USS Hempstead (AVP-43)

The contract for the construction of Hempstead was cancelled on 22 April 1943 before she was laid down.[30]

USS Kamishak (AVP-44)

The contract for the construction of Kamishak was cancelled on 22 April 1943 before she was laid down.[31]

USS Magothy (AVP-45)

The contract for the construction of Magothy was cancelled on 22 April 1943 before she was laid down.[32]

USS Matanzas (AVP-46)

The contract for the construction of Matanzas was cancelled on 29 April 1943 before she was laid down.[33]

USS Metomkin (AVP-47)

The contract for the construction of Metomkin was cancelled on 29 April 1943 before she was laid down.[34]

USS Onslow (AVP-48)

Onslow was in commission from 1943 to 1947, seeing World War II service in the Central Pacific, Palau Islands, and Okinawa campaign. She was recommissioned in 1951 and saw service in support of United Nations forces in the Korean War (1950–1953), performing four tours in Korea between 1951 and 1955, and then remained in commission until 1960, when she was sold into commercial service in the Philippines.[35]

USS Orca (AVP-49)

Orca was in commission from 1944 to 1947, performing her World War II service in the New Guinea and Philippines campaigns. She was again in commissioned from 1951 to 1960, seeing service the Pacific and Far East (1950–1953). In 1962 she was transferred to Ethiopia, and served as that country's largest warship Ethiopia (A-01) until 1991.[36]

USS Rehoboth (AVP-50, later AGS-50)

Rehoboth was in commission from 1944 to 1947, performing her World War II service in the United Kingdom and Brazil. She was recomissioned in 1948 after conversion to an oceanographic survey vessel. Redesignated AGS-50 in 1949, she saw service in this role from 1948 to 1970.[37]

USS San Carlos (AVP-51)

San Carlos was in commission from 1944 to 1947, performing her World War II service in the Pacific, where she saw action in the Solomon Islands, at Morotai, and Philippines campaign. After years in reserve, she returned to U.S. Navy service in 1958 in a non-commissioned status as the hydrographic survey ship United States Naval Ship USNS Josiah Willard Gibbs (T-AGOR-1) with a mostly civilian crew, serving in this role until 1971. In 1971 she was transferred to Greece, which also employed her as a hydrographic survey ship.[38]

USS Shelikof (AVP-52)

Shelikof was in commission from 1944 to 1947, performing her World War II service in the Central Pacific and in the Okinawa campaign. She was in reserve from 1947 to 1960, when she was sold into commercial service. She served as a Greek cruise ship until she sank in a storm while laid up in 1981.[39]

USS Suisun (AVP-53)

Suisun was in commission from 1944 to 1955, performing her World War II service in the Central Pacific, then serving postwar in the Pacific and Far East. She was in reserve from 1955 to 1966, then was sunk as a target.[40]

USS Timbalier (AVP-54)

Timbalier was in commission from 1946 to 1954, performing most of her active service in the Caribbean and along the United States East Coast. She was in reserve from 1954 to 1960, then sold into commercial service. She operated as a Greek cruise ship from 1960 to 1989.[41]

USS Valcour (AVP-55, later AGF-1)

Valcour was in commission from 1946 to 1973, spending her career in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Middle East. In 1965 she was reclassified as a "miscellaneous command flagship", redesignated AGF-1.[42]

USS Wachapreague (AGP-8, ex-AVP-56)

Wachapreague was one of four Barnegat-class ships to be converted during construction into a motor torpedo boat tender. She was in commission from 1944 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Pacific, where she saw action in the Philippine and Borneo campaigns. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC McCulloch (WAVP-386), later WHEC-386, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service from 1946 to 1972. She was transferred to South Vietnam in 1972. Upon the collapse of the South Vietnamese government at the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, she fled to the Philippines, and served in the Philippine Navy until 1985.[43]

USS Willoughby (AGP-9, ex-AVP-57)

Willoughby was one of four Barnegat-class ships to be converted during construction into a motor torpedo boat tender. She was in commission from 1944 to 1946, performing her World War II service in the Pacific, where she saw action in the Philippine and Borneo campaigns. She was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard postwar as USCGC Gresham (WAVP-387), later WHEC-387 and WAGW-387, and was in commissioned Coast Guard service until 1973.[44]

Notes

  1. ^ See http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/u1/unimak.htm and http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/y1/yakutat.htm for this version of the company's name, which also is referred to in Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships entries as "Associated Shipbuilding Company" (see http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/s4/san_pablo.htm) and "Associated Ship Building, Inc.," (see http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/r8/rockaway.htm).
  2. ^ a b c d e f Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946, p. 157
  3. ^ a b c See the various ship articles in the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships at http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/index.html and at NavSource.org Small Seaplane Tenders (AVP) at http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/43/43idx.htm.
  4. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Barnegat". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/b2/barnegat-ii.htm.  
  5. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Biscayne". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/b6/biscayne-i.htm.  
  6. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Casco". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/c4/casco-iii.htm.  
  7. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Mackinac". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/m1/mackinac-ii.htm.  
  8. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Humboldt". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/h9/humboldt.htm.  
  9. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Matagorda". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/m6/matagorda.htm.  
  10. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Absecon". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/a2/absecon-i.htm.  
  11. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Chincoteague". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/c8/chincoteague.htm.  
  12. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Coos Bay". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/c13/coos_bay.htm.  
  13. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Half Moon". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/h1/half_moon.htm.  
  14. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Mobjack". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/m13/mobjack.htm.  
  15. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Oyster Bay". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/o5/oyster_bay.htm.  
  16. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Rockaway". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/r8/rockaway.htm.  
  17. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "San Pablo". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/s4/san_pablo.htm.  
  18. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Unimak". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/u1/unimak.htm.  
  19. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Yakutat". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/y1/yakutat.htm.  
  20. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Barataria". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/b2/barataria-ii.htm.  
  21. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Bering Strait". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/b5/bering-strait-i.htm.  
  22. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Castle Rock". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/c4/castle_rock.htm.  
  23. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Cook Inlet". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/c13/cook_inlet.htm.  
  24. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Corson". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/c14/corson.htm.  
  25. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Duxbury Bay". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/d6/duxbury_bay.htm.  
  26. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Gardiners Bay". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/g1/gardiners_bay.htm.  
  27. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Floyds Bay". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/f3/floyds_bay.htm.  
  28. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Greenwich Bay". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/g8/greenwich_bay.htm.  
  29. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Hatteras". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/h3/hatteras-ii.htm.  
  30. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Hempstead". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/h4/hempstead.htm.  
  31. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Kamishak". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/k1/kamishak.htm.  
  32. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Magothy". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/m2/magothy.htm.  
  33. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Matanzas". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/m6/matanzas.htm.  
  34. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Metomkin". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/m10/metomkin.htm.  
  35. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Onslow". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/o3/onslow.htm.  
  36. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Orca". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/o3/orca-ii.htm.  
  37. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Rehoboth". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/r4/rehoboth-ii.htm.  
  38. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "San Carlos". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/s4/san_carlos.htm.  
  39. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Shelikof". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/s11/shelikof.htm.  
  40. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Suisun". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/s19/suisun.htm.  
  41. ^ Department of the Navy. "DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER: USS Timbalier (AVP-54), 1946–1960". http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-usn/usnsh-t/avp54.htm.  
  42. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Valcour". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/v1/valcour.htm.  
  43. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. "Wachapreague". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/w1/wachapreague.htm.  
  44. ^ Naval Historical Centre. "Willoughby". http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/w9/willoughby-ii.htm.  

References


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