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Coordinates: 53°33′13″N 1°28′45″W / 53.5537°N 1.4791°W / 53.5537; -1.4791

Barnsley
Barnsley.jpg
A view of Barnsley from Havercroft
Barnsley is located in South Yorkshire
Barnsley

 Barnsley shown within South Yorkshire
Population 73,500 (estimate 2007)
OS grid reference SE3406
    - London  153 mi (246 km) SSE 
Metropolitan borough Barnsley
Metropolitan county South Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BARNSLEY
Postcode district S70-S75
Dialling code 01226
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Barnsley Central
Barnsley East and Mexborough
Barnsley West and Penistone
List of places: UK • England • Yorkshire

Barnsley is a town in South Yorkshire, England. It lies on the River Dearne, 11.8 miles (19 km) north of the city of Sheffield, 17 miles (27 km) south of Leeds and 14.5 miles (23 km) west of Doncaster. Barnsley is surrounded by several smaller settlements which together form the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley, of which Barnsley is the largest and the administrative centre. The metropolitan borough had a population of 218,063 at the 2001 UK Census; Barnsley Urban Area had a population of 71,599.[1]

Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, Barnsley is notable as a former industrial town centred on coal mining and glassmaking [2] although in the town a few factories remain notably the glassworks and coking plant. Though these industries demised in the 20th century, Barnsley's local culture remains rooted in this industrial heritage; Barnsley has a tradition of brass bands, originally created as social clubs for its mining communities.

In recent years, Barnsley has been referred to as the "Tarn" by many of its residents.[citation needed] Barnsley is also known for its local accent as the film Kes is used in British schools to illustrate traditional dialects. It is between junctions 36 and 38 of the M1 motorway and has a railway station served by the Hallam and Penistone Lines. Barnsley F.C. is the local football club.

Contents

History

The first historical reference occurs in 1086 in the Domesday Book, in which it is called 'Berneslai' with a total population of around 200. The exact origins of the name Barnsley is still subject to debate, but Barnsley Council claims that its origins lie in the Saxon word Berne, for barn or storehouse, and Lay, for field.

The town lay in the parish of Silkstone and developed little until in the 1150s it was given to the monastery of St John, Pontefract. The monks decided to build a new town where three roads met: the Sheffield to Wakefield, Rotherham to Huddersfield and Cheshire to Doncaster routes. The Domesday village became known as "Old Barnsley", and a town grew up on the new site.[3]

The monks erected a chapel-of-ease dedicated to Saint Mary, which survived intact until 1820[citation needed], and established a market. In 1249, a Royal Charter was granted[citation needed] to Barnsley permitting it to hold a weekly market on Wednesdays and annual four-day fair at Michaelmas. By the 1290s,[citation needed] three annual fairs were held. The town became the main centre for the Staincross wapentake, but in the mid-sixteenth century still had only 600 inhabitants.[3]

From the 17th century, Barnsley developed into a stop-off point on the route between Leeds, Wakefield, Sheffield and London. The traffic generated as a result of this location fuelled trade, with hostelries and related services also prospering. A principal centre for linen weaving during the 18th and 19th century, Barnsley grew into an important manufacturing town. Barnsley also has a long tradition of glass-making,[2] but is most famous for its coalfields. George Orwell briefly mentions the town in The Road to Wigan Pier. Orwell spent a number of days in the town living in the houses of the working-class miners while researching for the book. He wrote very critically of the council's expenditure on the construction of Barnsley Town Hall and claimed that the money should have been spent on improving the housing and living conditions of the local miners.

Governance

Barnsley Town Hall on a fine day. The Town Hall itself is visible behind some gardens; the building is made of white stone and has an impressive clock tower
Opened on 14 December 1933, Barnsley Town Hall is the seat of local government in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley.

Following the Local Government Act 1972, Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council took control of surrounding towns, villages and adopted them as part of Barnsley. This resulted in names such as 'Pennine Barnsley' being invented for the market town of Penistone (more than seven miles away) for promotional purposes. Other types of 'branding' are also employed to bring surrounding places into the Barnsley orbit, such as the use of the Barnsley coat of arms on street signs which are well beyond the boundaries of the town itself.

The municipal council elect the mayor every year. On the day of the election, a parade takes place in front of Barnsley Town Hall. The parade is in honour of the new mayor. The parade is served out by the local Sea Cadet Corps Unit, including Marine Cadet Detachment (TS Diomede), Air Training Corps Squadron (148 Barnsley Sqn) and the local army cadet company

Barnsley has three MPs: Eric Illsley for Barnsley Central, Michael Clapham for Barnsley West and Penistone and Jeff Ennis for Barnsley East and Mexborough. They are all members of the Labour Party.

Geography

Divisions and suburbs

Ardsley, Athersley, Birdwell, Bolton on Dearne, Brierley, Carlton, Cawthorne, Cubley, Cudworth, Cundy Cross, Darfield, Darton, Dodworth, Elsecar, Gawber, Gilroyd, Goldthorpe, Great Houghton, Grimethorpe, Hemingfield, Honeywell, Higham, High Hoyland, Hoyland, Hoyland Common, Hoylandswaine, Ingbirchworth, Jump, Kexborough, Kendray, Kingstone, Lundwood, Mapplewell, Monk Bretton, New Lodge, Oldtown, Penistone, Pilley, Pogmoor, Royston, Shafton, Silkstone Common, Silkstone, Smithies, Stainborough, Staincross, Stairfoot, Tankersley, Thurgoland, Thurlstone, Thurnscoe, Ward Green, Wilthorpe, Wombwell, Worsbrough Bridge, Worsbrough Common, Worsbrough Dale, Worsbrough Village

Economy

The town is known for coal mining, although most of the pits were actually in the surrounding villages, rather than in the town itself. The proportion employed in mining varied hugely, even before recent times.[4] "Barnsley Main" colliery was in the town, but was fairly small; it closed in 1991. All of the mines in the borough are now closed; Goldthorpe was the last to close in 1994. Wire, linen and glassmaking were also major industries, but only glassmaking remains, with two large companies still operating. The coat of arms for the town includes a coal miner and a glassblower. It is now moving towards a service economy. As of July 2007, unemployment stands at 2.8% in Barnsley West & Penistone, 4.2% in Barnsley Central and 4.0% in Barnsley East & Mexborough, compared to the national average of 3.1%. Since 1997, unemployment fell by 55.2%, 52.5% and 52.5% in the three areas respectively.[5]

The Western half of the Borough stretches from the M1 to the edge of the Peak District and is essentially rural in character. This Western part includes the Market Town of Penistone and some notable and remarkable places of interest, these include: Wentworth Castle and Gardens (Grade I listed gardens),[6] Cannon Hall Park and Museum,[7] Cawthorne Jubilee Museum,[8] Wortley Hall and Gardens,[9] Wortley Top Forge (16th century Forge).[10]

In 2002, Barnsley Council and partners launched a major consultation exercise called "Rethinking Barnsley". This led to a regeneration programme centred on Barnsley Town Centre called "Remaking Barnsley".[11] Developments include a new transport interchange, a new cultural centre in the old Civic Hall, a Digital Media Centre[12] (opened August 2007), and new offices and apartments throughout the Town Centre. At the same time, housebuilding has taken off and major new housing areas have been developed. Business Parks on the M1 at Junctions 37[13] and 36, and in the Dearne Valley,[14] have also expanded the job opportunities locally. Unemployment is now below the national average but a large number of local people are on Incapacity Benefit.[citation needed] The economic development of Barnsley is led by the Barnsley Development Agency.[15]

Significant industrial employers include the Ardagh Glass Group, Fosters Bakery and others.

Town centre

The main part of Barnsley town centre was constructed during the 1960s, and as with many other town centres, has become less aesthetically pleasing over time. The area around Cheapside and May Day Green, which is known as the metropolitan centre, is home to the market as well as many national high street chains such as Marks & Spencer, WH Smith, HMV, Carphone Warehouse, Vodafone, Boots, and The Body Shop. It is due to be demolished in 2009 to make way for a new retail and leisure development. The Mall Barnsley, which was opened in 1991, houses retailers such as Next, Primark and TK Maxx. Other prominent areas include Queen Street, where Marks and Spencer and stores such as Topshop, Wallis and Dorothy Perkins are located, Market Street, Eldon Street and The Arcade, which houses the majority of the independent and designer retailers in Barnsley. The town also has a large concentration of pubs and bars in the central district. There is also a cinema called parkway cinema.

Outside the town centre lie numerous large retail units, retail parks and supermarkets, which include Asda, Morrisons, PC World, Currys, Halfords, and B&Q.

Development work on the new shopping centre is due to start in the town centre in early 2010. Several stores such as Vodafone and Halifax Bank have opened new premises in town.

Development

Barnsley town centre is undergoing a period of change. Projects include:

  • The new Barnsley Interchange.
  • The digital media centre (now completed).
  • Gateway Plaza at Town End (now completed).
  • The Markets complex which will house Barnsley Markets and be the centre of the towns retailing. It will be anchored by Debenhams.
  • Experience Barnsley - The creation of the Barnsley People's Museum and Archives Centre. This project has been awarded almost £3m of funding from the Heritage Lottery Fund, which means two floors of Barnsley's distinctive Town Hall will be transformed into state-of-the-art museum galleries, the first devoted to the borough's stories, past and present. This will be completed by July 2012.

Landmarks

The first bottle bank for glass recycling collection in the United Kingdom was introduced by both Stanley Race CBE, then president of the Glass Manufacturers’ Federation and Ron England in Barnsley. According to a BBC Radio 4 edition of PM aired on 6 June 2007, and a web article, the bank opened in June 1977[16] but a BBC web article published in 2002 states that the bottle bank opened on 24 August 1977.[17]

Transport

The main focus of transport in Barnsley is the new Barnsley Interchange which opened to the public on Sunday 20 May 2007. The design has been entered for national and international awards. The interchange was the first project in the remaking Barnsley scheme to be completed.

Stagecoach Yorkshire run most bus services within Barnsley, operating to and from the new Barnsley Interchange. Stagecoach acquired the company from Yorkshire Traction in 2005, and has come under fire for operating the service poorly.[citation needed] Stagecoach then overhauled bus services in a bid to improve performance.[citation needed]

Train services are provided by Northern Rail. Northbound there is a half hourly express service to Leeds which takes around 35 minutes, this is augmented by a slower service via Castleford which takes around 50 minutes. There is also an hourly service to Huddersfield via the scenic Penistone Line. Southbound there are four trains per hour to Meadowhall and Sheffield, two of which are local stopping services and two of which are express. One service per hour continues to Chesterfield and Nottingham. Evenings and Sundays there is a less frequent service.

The nearest airport is the Robin Hood Airport in Doncaster. This is some 40 minutes away and is easily accessible by car. There is also a direct bus service from Barnsley to the airport; the X19, which runs hourly.

Education

Barnsley College is one of the largest further and higher education establishments in Europe[citation needed] and is situated on a number of sites throughout the town centre, chiefly the Old Mill Lane Site, Eastgate House, The Sci Tech Centre, the Honeywell Site and the Construction centre. The University of Huddersfield has recently opened a campus in the town on Church Street besides Barnsley Town Hall. This is known as the University Centre Barnsley.

It is the home of Barnsley Christian School, an independent fee paying school, which started is an outreach of Hope house Church in 1986.

All 14 secondary schools in Barnsley are soon to be updated and replaced by Academy education centres.

Notable people

John Arden, playwright was born in Barnsley on 26 October 1930.

Culture

English author Chris Roberts quips that the “small town” of Barnsley is “a couple hundred miles north of London geographically, but several time zones away culturally”.[18]

Barnsley is home to a proud tradition of brass bands, which were originally created as social clubs for the mining communities. Grimethorpe Colliery Band, located in the village of Grimethorpe, 5 miles to the east of Barnsley, is perhaps the best known brass band in Britain. It rose to fame in the film Brassed Off and is now the 'artist in residence' at the Royal College of Music, London. The band has performed in Hyde Park during the Last Night of the Proms.

The 'Bard of Barnsley' Ian McMillan writes a column in the local paper, the Barnsley Chronicle. He was recently nominated for a chair of poetry at Oxford University, and often appears on Radio 4. The Barnsley accent is starting to wear off amongst the younger generation, but it has generally been better maintained than most other Yorkshire accents. Some have started referring to Barnsley as Tarn.

Ken Loach's film Kes was set and filmed in severals villages in Barnsley, including Lundwood and Monk Bretton, using local actors such as Freddie Fletcher.

There is a live rock and hip hop music scene, which reached its height in the Britpop years, around 1997, due to its close proximity to Sheffield and Manchester. Barnsley metal band Saxon were famous in the 1980s and continue to be popular today. Two of the Arctic Monkeys studied music at Barnsley College and Barnsley has its own rappers 'Yes Sir'. Barnsley is the home of several live music venues such as The Arches Live. Barnsley also hosts BOMfest which is an outdoor summer music festival which caters for unsigned local and national artists which made the Daily Telegraph top 100 U.K. Summer festivals in 2009.

Barnsley Council operates three museums, Cannon Hall, the Cooper Gallery and Worsbrough Mill. There are plans for a fourth museum located within the town hall. The project to create this is known as Experience Barnsley. Other museums in Barnsley include the volunteer-run Darfield Museum and the Cawthorne Victoria Jubilee Museum. Other heritage sites include Wortley Top Forge, Wortley Hall, Wentworth Castle and Monk Bretton Priory.

The Lamproom Theatre has four theatrical companies, and showcases theatre in the Town Centre of Barnsley

The Academy Theatre is part of the Take 2 Centre where performances range from comedy, west end performers, musicals and the traditional "An Evening With.....".[19] The Take 2 Centre also includes a Recording Studio, Design And Print Studios, Theatre School, Music School.

The Civic, located in Barnsley Town Centre is a multi purpose performance venue. A grade II listed building, The Civic was re-opened in March 2009 after a major redevelopment. An extension has been added creating a light and airy environment containing Creative Workspaces, a visual art gallery and The Assembly Room. The assembly room retains an original plaster ceiling.[20]

Twin towns

Barnsley has two twin towns:

Sport

The historic West Stand at Oakwell Stadium is over 100 years old

Barnsley's resident football team, Barnsley F.C. play in the Championship of the English league. Their home ground is known as Oakwell Stadium, which is situated in Oakwell, just outside of the town centre. The club has had a mixed recent history. In the late 1990s they had a brief spell in the Premier League, but were relegated after just one season. Subsequent seasons saw them relegated to the third tier of English football. After 4 seasons, Barnsley finally regained their place in the Championship.

Speedway racing was staged at a track near Barnsley known as Barnsley Lundwood. The track entered a team in the Northern Leagues of 1929 and 1930.

As of 2009 the town has a rugby league team playing in the summer, Barnsley RL, based at the Shaw Lane sports facility. Barnsley RL recently finished the 2009 season 3rd in the league, only narrowly losing to nearby Upton ARLFC in play-off semi-finals. Barnsley RL played the entire season in bright pink kits, in support of Yorkshire Cancer Research. As of next year, the club will be known as Barnsley Broncos.

Notes

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Barnsley [1] is a large town in Yorkshire, England with a population of approximately 240,000.

Understand

It used to be famous for its coal industry, which has now disappeared. Barnsley Council are pioneering a scheme called Remaking Barnsley [2], including the building of a new £23m transport interchange and a halo of light around the city.

In the last 10 years or so, the fortunes of Barnsley have been on the upturn, with commerce and industry building their premises on the sites of the old coal mines. The town is becoming more popular due to the low cost of living compared to nearby Sheffield and Leeds, with some people living in Barnsley but commuting to work in one of these cities.

There is still a strong sense of community in the town although outsiders are welcomed providing there is mutual respect. The majority of the locals are straight talking and appreciate honesty and humility.

  • Robin Hood Doncaster Sheffield Airport
  • Leeds Bradford Airport
  • Manchester Airport
  • East Midlands Airport
  • Humberside Airport

All the above are within 2 hours drive of Barnsley. Manchester has the most connections and airlines, but the budget and charter airlines tend to use the other airports.

  • Barnsley railway station, part of Barnsley Transport Interchange [3] is in the town centre. There are regular services throughout the day to Sheffield, Leeds, Wakefield , Nottingham, Chesterfield and Huddersfield, plus a handful of direct services to London (St Pancras). A wide range of national services are available in Sheffield, Leeds and Doncaster for connections.

By car

The M1 motorway is the main route into Barnsley as it runs through the centre of the town.

Rail based Park and Ride facilities are available, see National Park and Ride Directory [4]

By bus

The Transport Interchange includes an extensive bus terminal with services to neighbouring villages and nearby towns and cities.

By boat

This is not currently possible. The Dearne and Dove Canal runs through Barnsley, but is mostly derelict today. However, the Barnsley, Dearne and Dove Canals Trust [5] is trying to restore the canal to full working order.

Get around

Barnsley town centre is fairly compact and easy to walk around, but there are many suburban villages and smaller towns on the outskirts.

A fairly adventurous person could walk to and from the suburbs, but there are also many bus stops around the town and countryside. Details of services are available from the Travel South Yorkshire [6] web site, or by phoning the Traveline call centre on 01709 515151.

Public transport late at night (after 11PM) is usually limited to taxis. Blue Line is the biggest operator (tel. 244 444), and alternatives include A1 Taxis (tel. 288 888). Licenced taxis either use a meter, or charge a fixed price depending on distance. The price can normally be agreed prior to the start of your journey. As is the case in the rest of the UK, the driver will normally expect a small tip on top of the fair.

The Trans Pennine Trail [7] may be a more fitting route for cyclists or horseriders. Stop at Pot House Hamlet[8] in Silkstone on the way for a coffe, snack or meal and visit the many amenities there.

  • The Yorkshire Sculpture Park [9] boasts beautiful scenery and sculptures from the likes of Elizabeth Frink, Barbara Hepworth, Antony Gourmley and Henry Moore.
  • The Cooper Art Gallery
  • Barnsley Town Hall - has an art-deco style clock tower that rises up into the skyline
  • Barnsley Markets - as well as the general stalls (selling everything from chocolate to carpets), try the specialist fish and meat market in the indoors section.
  • Locke Park on the A6133 Park Road, near Kingstone. Perhaps the best known park in the town, it's about 20 minutes walk from the town centre and a great place to spend a lazy summer's day. There is a car park on Keresforth Hall Road, but alas, no bus service passing by.

Do

Barnsley is famous for its nightlife, as evidenced by the number of pubs, bars and clubs in the town centre. If that's not your scene, then head to the suburbs of town where you'll find quiet restaurants, a number of friendly local pubs, and more family-friendly places.

To learn what events are happening in the town, the weekly Barnsley Chronicle [10] newspaper has a what's-on guide. Also, local radio station Dearne FM [11] announces events both on air and on its web site.

  • Parkway Cinema Formerly an Odeon cinema, it was let out and now called Parkway. There are two screens, and it is definitely cheaper than going to Sheffield or Doncaster!
  • Cineblah [12] is a weekly event at Blah Blah Bar (at the top of Market Hill). Cineblah shows a different film every Thursday evening. Tickets are £3. Uniquely, as the event is hosted in a lounge bar, you can enjoy the film while lounging on a sofa and sipping a cool drink.
  • Cannon Hall [13] is a stately home and grounds on the outskirts of Barnsley, near Cawthorne. The grounds of the house are popular in the summer for a picnic, or just for wandering around. The house itself has a museum, and also runs regular historically-themed events especially during school holidays and on summer evenings.
  • Cannon Hall Open Farm [14] is right next door to Canon Hall, and is a favourite with children who love to see the animals (from lambs to llamas)!
  • Pot House Hamlet [15] – A Boutique destination located only 2 miles from the M1 barnsley junction in the beautiful Yorkshire countryside.

Walk down the ancient wagon way alongside Silkstone Beck and feed the ducks. Take a picnic to have on the table under the oak trees. Have coffee, a snack, a meal, or even a champagne tea for two at the Potting Shed Café. Alternatively, treat yourself from the ice cream parlour. See where the old water wheel used to be. Wander around the extensive working plant nursery, the stylish womenswear shop, shoe shop or peruse the fine furnishings in the converted mill.

  • Barnsley FC currently play in the Coca Cola Championship after being promoted in 2006. They play at the Oakwell Stadium just a 5 minutes walk from the Transport Interchange. They are currently managed by Mark Robins.
  • Barnsley Central Library has a large collection of books (fiction and non-fiction), a reference section, and a learning centre that offers self-study courses on a wide range of topics. Public internet access is also available. The library is on Shambles Street (almost opposite the top of Market Hill). NB: The library was closed for renovation in late 2006, but is now open once more.
  • Barnsley Chronicle [16] is a weekly newspaper (with accompanying web site) that covers pretty much everything that happens in the town. If there's something newsworthy happening, chances are it'll be printed in here. The paper is published on Friday in a number of editions, each one for a different area of the town. The town centre one is called simply the "town" edition.
  • National Coal Mining Museum [17] is about 20-30 minutes drive from the town centre. Although it's not actually in Barnsley, it offers an insight into the coal mining industry that is such a big part of Barnsley's heritage.
  • Barnsley College [18] offers vocational subjects as well as A levels, night classes and degrees.
  • The University Centre is a campus of the University of Huddersfield in Barnsley based on Church Street next to the town hall.

Buy

The (indoor and outdoor) Barnsley Market is famous - a great place to meet local people. It can be found near to the Transport Interchange. The markets are generally open every Wednesday and Saturday.

The shops are open from around 9AM-5PM most days apart from Sundays. Most of the high street chains are present, along with a selection of smaller shops. The Arcade is a covered area found off Market Hill that seems to be going increasingly upmarket, with designer boutiques alongside more traditional shops. Pollyanna [19] on Market Hill (a few doors away from The Arcade) is perhaps the best known designer boutique in the town, and also has an art gallery and coffee shop.

The High Street chains are located on Queen Street, which houses amongst others Marks and Spencer, Dorothy Perkins, Wallis, Burtons amongst others. Cheapside has, amongst others, Boots, WH Smith, The Body Shop, Superdrug, HMV and New Look. The Alhambra Centre is the main indoor shopping centre, although relatively small it houses Woolworths, Next, Primark, TK Maxx, Vodafone and Wilkinsons, as well as another 20 or more stores. Market Street used to be famous for its charity shops and was known locally as charity shop alley, although the number of these has dwindled in recent years and now offers more choice in terms of retailing. The area around May Day Green and Kendray Street is currently empty in terms of shops as this is the first part of the town centre to be demolished as part as the Remaking Barnsley scheme, as as result all but a handful of stores that were located here have relocated to other parts of town.

Just outside of town the Peel Centre is Barnsleys main retail park. It houses Currys, JJB Sports, Halfords, Focus and Pizza Hut as well as 10 more stores. Also across the roads is Comet, PC World, MFI, ASDA and McDonalds.

4 Miles out of the town centre is Pot House Hamlet[20]which is in the beautiful Silkstone village and has lots of shopping including Pookie womenswear, a ladies shoe shop, gift shops and lot of other amenities too.

During the Christmas holidays all the shops stay open very late and on Sundays and there is a special German Christmas Market. During this season there is usually a variety of brass bands playing. Historically, brass bands were often affiliated to local workplaces (such as coal mines, or financial instituations) in a similar way to other towns and cities in the UK.

Eat

The coffee shop in Pollyanna (top of Market Hill) serves delightfully indulgent snacks and light meals. It's a great retreat from the bustling shops and markets. The coffee shop is right at the back of the store. Other popular eating places include the Blah Grill on the corner or Market Hill and Shambles Street, Grille Steakhouse and Chilli Bar on Market Street, Pinnocchios Italian restaurant on New Street opposite the Alhambra Centre. Aroma coffee bar down The Arcade also serves light snacks. Walkabout, Wetherspoons and various other pubs also serve food during the daytimes. Barnsley has few fast food restaurants in the town centre. McDonalds closed its branch in early 2006. Only KFC remain at the far end of Peel Street next to town end roundabout. Pizza Hut is located at The Peel Centre retail park 5 minutes walk from the town centre and McDonalds have a drive through in the ASDA car park. Frankie and Benny's opened a branch at Stairfoot roundabout, which is about 10 minutes drive from the centre in 2008.

In the many restaurants around Barnsley, you may see the Barnsley Chop or Barnsley Double on the menu. This is a cut of lamb that is famous as a local Barnsley delicacy.

The Potting Shed Café[21] The award winning eatery with everything from proper fresh coffee and homemade scone, to champagne tea or chef prepared real food. Open 7 days a week, situated at Pot House Hamlet in rural village of Silkstone below the church

  • Brooklands[22] is a travel motel just outside the town centre with restaurant and conference facilities. There is a fitness centre next door, with various exercise equipment and a pool.
  • Bluebell Inn[23] is also just outside town, and is a modern building that offers budget accommodation for business travellers and families.
  • Ramada Encore is currently being built on the roundabout at Junction 37 of the M1 at the top of Dodworth Road, just a few minutes drive from the Town Centre.

There are various hotels further afield, a few miles from the town centre. There are also a small number of guest houses. These can be found (and booked) through the Tourist Information office in Barnsley Central Library, or online through the Yorkshire Tourist Board[24].

  • Best Western Ardsley House Hotel, Doncaster Road Ardsley, Barnsley South Yorkshire S71 5EH, +44 1226 309 955, [25]. checkin: 2PM; checkout: 11AM. The hotel is conveniently located just 15 minutes drive from the M1 and has a free car park for guests of the hotel. From £40.  edit
  • The area code for all Barnsley telephone numbers is 01226 when dialled from within the United Kingdom or +441226 internationally.

Language

Visitors from outside of the area may often find it a challenge to have a conversation with the older generation especially in Barnsley. The dialect is strong and made up of hundreds of words which are almost exclusive to the local area. The majority of people under 30 however tend to speak much more neutrally and in favour of the more common English vernacular.

With a large number of EU nationals now living in the town, when approaching a local for advice don't be surprised to greeted by a person originating from Eastern Europe. In general, such people will have a fairly good understanding of English as this tends to be a requirement of employers in the area.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

BARNSLEY (BLACK, or properly Bleak Barnsley), a market town and municipal borough in the Barnsley parliamentary division of the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, 15 m. N. of Sheffield. Pop. (1891) 35,427; (1901) 41,086. It is served by the Midland, Great Central, Lancashire & Yorkshire, Great Northern, and Hull & Barnsley railways. It is in the parish of Silkstone, which gives name to important collieries. It is situated on rising ground west of the river Dearne, and, though it loses in attraction owing to its numerous factories, its neighbourhood has considerable natural beauty. Among the principal buildings and institutions are several churches, of which the oldest, the parish church of St Mary, was built in 1821 on an early site; court house, public hall, institute and free library. Among several educational institutions, the free grammar school dates from 1665; and a philosophical society was founded in 1828. A monument was erected in 1905 to prominent members of the Yorkshire Miners' Association. The park was presented in 1862 by the widow of Joseph Locke, M.P. The manufacture of iron and steel, and the weaving of linen and other cloth, are the two principal industries; but there are also bleachfields, printfields, dyeworks, sawmills, cornmills and malt-houses; and the manufacture of glass, needles and wire is carried on. There are large coalfields in the neighbourhood, which, indeed, extend under the town. Coal and coke are largely exported to London and Hull. In the vicinity, Monk Bretton Priory, a Cluniac foundation of 1157, retains a Perpendicular gatehouse, some Decorated domestic remains, and fragments of the church. Wentworth Castle, built in 1730 by Thomas, earl of Strafford, stands in a singularly beautiful park, and contains a fine collection of portraits of historical interest. Besides the communications afforded by railway, Barnsley has the advantage of connexion with the Aire and Calder Navigation system of canals. The borough is under a mayor, six aldermen and eighteen councillors. Area, 2385 acres.

At the time of the Domesday survey Ilbert de Lacy held Barnsley by gift of William the Conqueror as part of the honour of Pontefract, and the overlordship remained in his family until the reign of Stephen, when it was granted by Henry de Lacy to the monks of Pontefract. Henry III. in 124 9 granted the prior and convent of Pontefract a market every Wednesday at Barnsley, and a fair on the vigil and feast of St Michael and two following days, and Henry VIII. in 1512 granted them a new fair on the day of the Conversion of St Paul and two following days. The monastery evidently also held another fair there called St Ellen's fair, for in 1583 Queen Elizabeth granted this fair and St Paul's fair and the market "lately belonging to the dissolved monastery of Pontefract" to one Henry Burdett, and Ralph and Henry his sons for their lives. Besides these charters and others granting land in Barnsley to the monks of Pontefract there is very little history of the town, since it was not until after the introduction of the linen manufacture in 1744 that it became really important. Before that time the chief industry had been wire-drawing, but this trade began to decrease about the end of the 18th century, just as the linen trade was becoming important. In 1869 Barnsley was incorporated.

See Rowland Jackson, The History of the Town and Township of Barnsley (1858); Victoria County History - Yorkshire.


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English

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Proper noun

Singular
Barnsley

Plural
-

Barnsley

  1. A town in the county South Yorkshire in the north of England.

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