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Barracks housing conscripts of Norrbottens regemente in Boden, Sweden.
Barracks are specialised buildings for permanent military accommodation; the word may apply to separate housing blocks or to complete complexes. Their main object is to separate soldiers from the civilian population and reinforce discipline, training and esprit de corps. They have been called discipline factories for soldiers.[1] .Like factories they are synonymous with shoddy or dull buildings although there are examples of magnificent architecture such as the Collins barracks and others in Paris, Berlin, Madrid, Vienna or London.^ And, there are other things happening right now that make the bad things that Zendik did that Helen talks about look like child’s play compared to what they are doing now.

^ I have pondered for many years since ive found out what it is they actually do, what it would be like to live there.

^ I have this feeling for a lot of people actually and I feel like other people should also have it if they do not so I’m releasing the idea to anyone who’s interested.

[2]

Contents

History

Early barracks such as those of the Roman Praetorian Guard were built to maintain elite forces. There are a number of remains of Roman army barracks in frontier forts such as Vercovicium and Vindolanda. From these and from contemporary Roman sources we can see that the basics of life in a military camp have remained constant for thousands of years.
.In the early modern period they formed part of the 'Military Revolution' that scholars believe contributed decisively to the formation of the nation state [3] by increasing the expense of maintaining standing armies.^ In a spontaneous movement from the late 1960s to the early 1970s they raised the sum of R100 000 as a contribution to the establishment of their own university.
  • African Universities on the Internet 20 September 2009 4:19 UTC library.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Despite economic lows, UT’s Hearts of Texas Charitable Campaign hopes University staff members will continue to contribute part of their payroll to local, national and international charities through the State Employee Charitable Campaign.

Large, permanent barracks were developed in the 18th century by the two dominant states of the period, France and Spain. .The English term ‘barrack’, on the other hand, derives form the Spanish word for a temporary shelter erected by soldiers on campaign, barraca.^ Cloud mask products are important to all environmental satellites in that they form the basis for many other derived products.
  • MetEd: Satellite Meteorology 14 January 2010 13:58 UTC www.meted.ucar.edu [Source type: Reference]

Because of fears that a standing army in barracks would be a threat to the constitution, barracks were not built in England until 1790, on the eve of the Napoleonic War.
.Early barracks were multi-storey blocks often grouped in a quadrangle around a courtyard or parade ground.^ The world was reduced to just this barracks and the barren sandy ground around it.
  • The Barracks by Richard Seltzer 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.samizdat.com [Source type: Original source]

.A good example is Ravensdowne Barracks Berwick Upon Tweed, among the first in England to be purpose-built and begun in 1717 to the design of the distinguished architect Nicholas Hawksmoor.^ Aside from the bats, the barracks was now in better shape than when it was first built.
  • The Barracks by Richard Seltzer 11 September 2009 22:36 UTC www.samizdat.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Definitely a good example of separating design & content.
  • From PSD to HTML, Building a Set of Website Designs Step by Step - Nettuts+ 12 October 2009 10:28 UTC net.tutsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

During the nineteenth century the increasing sophistication of military life lead to separate housing for different ranks (officers had always had larger rooms) and married quarters, and the provision of specialised buildings such as dining rooms and cook houses, bath houses, mess rooms, schools, hospitals, armouries, gymnasia, riding schools and stables. The pavilion plan concept of hospital design was influential in barrack planning after the Crimean War.
The first large-scale training camps were built in France and Germany during the early nineteenth century. The British army built Aldershot camp from 1854.
.By the First World War, infantry, artillery and cavalry regiments had separate barracks.^ This single-source reference is the first to offer a complete record of the Kriegsmarine submarine losses in both world wars.

.The first naval barracks were hulks, old wooden sailing vessels, but these insanitary lodgings were replaced with large naval barracks at the major dockyard towns of Europe and the United States, usually with hammocks instead of beds.^ The Second Bank of the United States was similar to the first, except that it was much larger; its capital was not $10 million, but $35 million.
  • National Bank History - Banknotes and Stock Certificates 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.nationalbankhistory.com [Source type: Reference]

^ After Alexander Hamilton spearheaded a movement advocating the creation of a central bank, the First Bank of the United States was established in 1791.
  • National Bank History - Banknotes and Stock Certificates 10 February 2010 11:55 UTC www.nationalbankhistory.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Long a favorite in Japan, it was not fully translated into English until 1985 when the hardcover edition was first published in the United States to rave reviews.

.These were inadequate for the enormous armies mobilised after 1914. Hut camps were developed using variations of the eponymous Nissen hut, made from timber or corrugated iron.^ From these it appears that their houses were at first low and mean, like cottages, made of any sort of timber, and were built with mud walls and thatched with straw.

^ Skillful use of these tactics in various combinations can conceal flaws in any weapon system development.
  • Missile Defense: Farce and Fraud 17 September 2009 0:30 UTC www.abolishnukes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Military

German barracks for troops of Bundespolizei (federal police) in Frankfurt, Germany.
In many militaries, NCOs and enlisted personnel will frequently be housed in barracks for service or training. .Junior enlisted and sometimes junior NCOs will often receive less space and may be housed in bays, while senior NCOs and officers may share or have their own room.^ You sleep in your own space, but not in your own room.

^ This does push the high rows higher, but there is also less dead floor space one often sees with hockey/basketball convertibles.

"Garrison town" is a common expression for any town that has military barracks, i.e., a permanent military presence.

Worldwide

Canada

Barracks blockhouses were used to house troops in forts in Upper Canada. .The Stone Frigate, completed in 1820, served as barracks briefly in 1837-38, and was refitted as a dormitory and classrooms to house the Royal Military College of Canada by 1876. The Stone frigate is a large stone building originally designed to hold gear and rigging from British warships dismantled to comply with the Rush-Bagot Agreement.^ These are large, but enclosed with buildings, that on all hands face the streets, so that every house has both a door to the street and a back door to the garden.

U.S. Armed Forces

In basic training, and sometimes follow-on training, servicemembers live in barracks. The U.S. Marine Corps have gender-separate basic training units. .The U.S. Army has gender-separate basic training, but like the United States Coast Guard, U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy, has training where male and female recruits share barracks, but are separated during personal time and lights out.^ Since that time when she was having her obvious flaws in logic pointed out to her, most likely for the first time in years, there have been no more shows.

^ Battleship and Cruiser Aircraft of the United States Navy 1910-1949 .

^ I’m sure there is no retirement plan for folks like her and it sounds like anyone could be booted out into the deathculture at any time with nothing but the clothing on their back.

.However, all the services integrate male and female members following boot camp and first assignment, except the U.S. Navy's submarine corps.^ So first of all we boot up our code editor of choice.
  • From PSD to HTML, Building a Set of Website Designs Step by Step - Nettuts+ 12 October 2009 10:28 UTC net.tutsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This reprint of the US Navy's 1955 ID manual on all submarines of the world navies.

After training, unmarried junior enlisted members will typically reside in barracks. In the 21st century, these servicemembers are generally housed in individual rooms conforming to the DoD's "1+1 standard," though exceptions still exist. During unaccompanied, dependent-restricted assignmments, noncommissioned and commissioned officer ranks may also be required to live in barracks. Amenities in these barracks increase with the rank of the occupant.
Unlike the other services, the U.S. Air Force officially uses the term "dormitory" to refer to its unaccompanied housing.
.During World War II, many U.S. barracks were made of inexpensive, sturdy and easy to assemble Quonset huts that resembled Native American long house (being semi-circular but made out of metal).^ In World War II they participated in the battle for Norway and Operation Cerberus, and were part of anti-convoy operations and Baltic patrols.

^ The Kriegsmarine's most famous and successful U-boat of World War II. Pocket Battleship .

^ The book makes a fine addition to the history of German warships of the World War II era.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Black
  2. ^ Douet
  3. ^ Roberts

References

  • Black, Jeremy, A Military Revolution?: Military Change and European Society, 1550-1800 (London, 1991)
  • Dallemagne, François, Les casernes françaises, (1990)
  • Douet, James, British Barracks, their social and architectural importance, 1660-1914 (London, 1997)
  • Roberts, Michael The Military Revolution, 1560-1660 (Belfast, 1956); reprinted with some amendments in Rogers, Clifford, ed., The Military Revolution Debate Rogers, Clifford, ed., The Military Revolution Debate: Readings on the Military Transformation of Early Modern Europe (Boulder, 1995)
  • 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica

External links


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