Barre (city), Vermont: Wikis

  
  

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Barre, Vermont
—  Town  —
Nickname(s): Granite Center of the World
Location of Barre, Vermont
Country United States
State Vermont
County Washington
Incorporated 1895
Area
 - Town 4.0 sq mi (10.4 km2)
 - Land 4.0 sq mi (10.4 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 609 ft (186 m)
Population (2000)
 - Town 9,291
 Density 2,322.6/sq mi (893.4/km2)
 Metro 59,564
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05641
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-03250[1]
GNIS feature ID 1462036[2]
Website http://www.ci.barre.vt.us/

Barre (/ˈbæri/) is a city in Washington County, Vermont, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 9,291. Barre City is almost completely surrounded by Barre (town), Vermont, which is incorporated separately from the City of Barre.

Barre is often twinned with nearby Montpelier in local media and businesses. It is the main city in the Barre Micropolitan area which, at 59,564 residents, is the 3rd largest in Vermont (after Burlington and Rutland). Barre itself is the largest city in Washington County, and is the 4th largest city and the 10th largest municipality in Vermont.

Contents

History

City Hall and park in c. 1910

On November 6, 1780, the land was granted to William Williams and 64 others. Originally called Wildersburgh, it included what is today both the town and city of Barre. It was first settled in 1788 by John Goldsbury and Samuel Rodgers, together with their families. But dissatisfied with the name Wildersburgh, citizens renamed the town after Isaac Barré, a champion of the American Colonies. In 1895, 4.0 square miles (10.4 km2) within the town was set off and incorporated as the separate city.

Granite industry

Sample of the Barre Granite from the E. L. Smith Quarry of the Rock of Ages Stone Company, Graniteville, Vermont

Barre is the self-proclaimed "Granite Center of the World." Initially established with the discovery of vast granite deposits at Millstone Hill soon after the War of 1812, the granite industry and the city itself saw a boom with the arrival of the railroad. The fame of this vast deposit of granite, which some geologists say is 4 miles (6.4 km) long, 2 miles (3.2 km) wide and 10 miles (16 km) deep, soon spread to Europe and Canada. Large numbers of people migrated to Barre from Italy, Scotland, Spain, Scandinavia, Greece, Lebanon, Canada and a number of other countries. The population increased from 2,060 in 1880, to 6,790 in 1890, to 10,000 in 1894. By the turn of the century, Barre was noted as the state's most diverse municipality.

The Italian immigrants in particular brought a radical, largely anarchist labor movement to Barre. They were originally affiliated with the Socialist Labor Party before affiliating with the Industrial Workers of the World, and in 1916 elected a Socialist Party candidate as mayor of Barre. The old Socialist Labor Party Hall of the radicals is still standing, and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000.

"Barre Gray" granite is sought after worldwide for its fine grain, even texture, and superior weather resistance. Many sculpture artists prefer it for outdoor sculpture.[3]

Hope Cemetery in Barre displays extensive examples of the sculptors' art.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.4 km2), all of it land. Barre is drained by the Stevens Branch River and Jail Branch River, tributaries of the Winooski River.

The city is serviced by I-89.svg Interstate 89, US 302.svg U.S. Route 302, Vermont 14.svg Vermont Route 14 and Vermont 62.svg Vermont Route 62. It borders the town of Berlin to the west, but is otherwise surrounded by the separate town of Barre.

Demographics

An aerial view of a section of Barre City

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 9,291 people, 4,220 households, and 2,253 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,309.4 people per square mile (892.4/km2). There were 4,477 housing units at an average density of 1,112.8/sq mi (430.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.40% White, 0.48% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.68% of the population.

There were 4,220 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.0% were couples living together and joined in either marriage or civil union, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.6% were non-families. 39.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 10.14 and the average family size was 44.86.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 69, and 91.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 86.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,393, and the median income for a family was $42,660. Males had a median income of $33,175 versus $20,319 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,724. About 9.9% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The mayor of Barre is Thom Lauzon.[4]

Sports

The Barre World War 1 Memorial

A Premier Basketball League (PBL) team, the Vermont Frost Heaves, plays its games in Barre at the Barre Auditorium and at the Memorial Auditorium in Burlington, Vermont. The team is owned by Sports Illustrated writer Alexander Wolff.

Team Founded Sport League Stadium
Vermont Frost Heaves 2005 Basketball Premier Basketball League Barre Auditorium

Memorial Auditorium (Burlington)

Vermont Mountaineers 2003 Baseball New England Collegiate Baseball League Montpelier Recreational Field (Montpelier)

Sites of interest

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Rich, Jack C., (1988) Materials and Methods of Sculpture, Dover Publications
  4. ^ City officials, Barre. Accessed 2008-02-05.

External links

Coordinates: 44°11′41″N 72°30′23″W / 44.19464°N 72.5065°W / 44.19464; -72.5065








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