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Bartel Leendert van der Waerden: Wikis

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Bartel Leendert van der Waerden
Born February 2, 1903(1903-02-02)
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died January 12, 1996 (aged 92)
Z├╝rich, Switzerland
Nationality  Netherlands
Fields Mathematics
Institutions University of Leipzig
University of Zurich
Alma mater University of Amsterdam
University of G├Âttingen
Doctoral advisor Hendrick de Vries
Known for Van der Waerden's theorem
Van der Waerden number
Van der Waerden test
Influences Emmy Noether

Bartel Leendert van der Waerden (February 2, 1903, Amsterdam, Netherlands ÔÇô January 12, 1996, Z├╝rich, Switzerland) was a Dutch mathematician.

Van der Waerden learned advanced mathematics at the University of Amsterdam and the University of G├Âttingen, from 1919 until 1926. He was much influenced by Emmy Noether at G├Âttingen. Amsterdam awarded him a Ph.D. for a thesis on algebraic geometry, supervised by Hendrick de Vries. G├Âttingen awarded him the habilitation in 1928.

In his 27th year, Van der Waerden published his Algebra, an influential two-volume treatise on abstract algebra, still cited, and perhaps the first treatise to treat the subject as a comprehensive whole. This work systematized an ample body of research by Emmy Noether, David Hilbert, Richard Dedekind, and Emil Artin. In the following year, 1931, he was appointed professor at the University of Leipzig.

The Third Reich made life difficult for Van der Waerden as a foreigner teaching in Germany, but he refused to give up his Dutch nationality. He filled the chair in mathematics at the University of Amsterdam, 1948ÔÇô1951, then moved to the University of Zurich, where he spent the rest of his career, supervising more than 40 Ph.D. students.

Van der Waerden is mainly remembered for his work on abstract algebra. He also wrote on algebraic geometry, topology, number theory, geometry, combinatorics, analysis, probability and statistics, and quantum mechanics (he and Heisenberg had been colleagues at Leipzig). In his later years, he turned to the history of mathematics and science. His historical writings include Ontwakende wetenschap (1950), which was translated into English as Science Awakening (1954), Geometry and Algebra in Ancient Civilizations (1983), and A History of Algebra (1985).

See also

Secondary literature

  • Schlote, K.-H., 2005, "Moderne Algebra" in Grattan-Guinness, I., ed., Landmark Writings in Western Mathematics. Elsevier: 901-16.
  • The book The Mathematical Coloring Book by Alexander Soifer, ISBN 9780387746401, contains several biographical chapters about van der Waerden.

External links

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