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Baseball
Wrigley field 720.jpg
A view of the baseball diamond at Wrigley Field, Chicago, Illinois.
First played Mid-18th century or prior, England (early form)
June 19, 1846, Hoboken, New Jersey (first recorded game with codified rules)
Characteristics
Team members 9
Categorization Bat-and-ball
Equipment Baseball
Baseball bat
Baseball glove
Olympic 1992–2008
.Baseball is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each.^ The two teams will play a doubleheader beginning at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Here's what we think.If You Don’t Dream About Baseball, Then Baseball is NOT Your DreamThe players that cared and performed well on teams are what we call diamond dogs.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The goal is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series of four bases arranged at the corners of a ninety-foot square, or diamond.^ When they get on base, we have a tendency to score runs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Lions starter Trent Daniel suffered the loss in four innings, allowing five runs on eight hits, walking three and striking out five.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ McKinney batted .364 with eight home runs, four doubles, four triples and 25 RBIs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.Players on one team (the batting team) take turns hitting against the pitcher of the other team (the fielding team), which tries to stop them from scoring runs by getting hitters out in any of several ways.^ "I got the hard one out of the way."

^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Lions starter Trent Daniel suffered the loss in four innings, allowing five runs on eight hits, walking three and striking out five.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.A player on the batting team can stop at any of the bases and later advance via a teammate's hit or other means.^ In a must win game on Sunday, Magglio Ordonez had 4 hits in 4 at-bats to help the Detroit Tigers defeat his former team, the Chicago White Sox.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith batted .455 (20 of 44) with four extra-base hits.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Winiecki, who was second on the team with 54 RBIs, led the nation with 95 hits during the regular season and was 12th in the nation in batting average.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

The teams switch between batting and fielding whenever the fielding team records three outs. .One turn at bat for each team constitutes an inning; nine innings make up a professional game.^ In a must win game on Sunday, Magglio Ordonez had 4 hits in 4 at-bats to help the Detroit Tigers defeat his former team, the Chicago White Sox.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The first one was by second baseman Gabe Willis and shortstop Tyler Saladino to turn a double play in the second inning.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Saladino, who raised his batting average to .407 (.700 in nine conference games), tripled to drive in Palomar's first run in the top of the first, singled in the second inning, was hit by a pitch in the fourth, singled in the sixth, was hit by a pitch again in the eighth and singled again in the ninth.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.The team with the most runs at the end of the game wins.^ In a must win game on Sunday, Magglio Ordonez had 4 hits in 4 at-bats to help the Detroit Tigers defeat his former team, the Chicago White Sox.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I hated Rose for being a selfish player, for being a stupid player, for caring more about his reputation and legacy than about helping his team win games.
  • Joe Posnanski » Blog Archive » Rose vs. Jeter 31 January 2010 12:35 UTC joeposnanski.com [Source type: General]

^ The winning run scored on two errors in the top of the 10th after the Knights had scored three runs, two of them unearned, to tie the game in the ninth inning.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.Evolving from older bat-and-ball games, an early form of baseball was being played in England by the mid-eighteenth century.^ There's a lengthy list of early 20th century pitchers who pitched complete games in both ends of a doubleheader.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ PG Crosschecker Mid-Season Report which includes games played through Sunday.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Guy Willeford, San Diego State -- The junior back-up first-baseman is batting .300 with a home run playing in 12 games for the Aztecs.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

This game and the related rounders were brought by British and Irish immigrants to North America, where the modern version of baseball developed. .By the late nineteenth century, baseball was widely recognized as the national sport of the United States.^ UNITED STATS – USSSA (United States Specialty Sports Association) is offering a great opportunity for baseball clubs around the world – an international baseball tournament in Orlando, Florida.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The All-State team is selected by the California Community College Baseball Coaches Association and All-Americans are named by the CCCBCA and the National Junior College Athletic Association Baseball Coaches Association.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

Baseball on the professional, amateur, and youth levels is now popular in North America, parts of Central and South America and the Caribbean, and parts of East Asia. The game is sometimes referred to as hardball, in contrast to the derivative game of softball.
.In North America, professional Major League Baseball (MLB) teams are divided into the National League (NL) and American League (AL).^ Naddelman and Steve Sclafani (CEO) have been featured in Business Week and CNN for their work in building Baseball Factory into the nation's leader in player development and college… .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Bud Selig has formed a committee of 14 people to look at ways of "improving" Major League Baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He also played for and managed the New York Yankees and managed the Boston Red Sox in his final year in major league baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Each league has three divisions: East, West, and Central.^ The National League West will be taking on the American League East in interleague play this season, and one series jumps out immediately.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ For the summer, Smith is 6-1 for the West Coast League East Division-leading Apple Sox.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.Every year, the major league champion is determined by playoffs that culminate in the World Series.^ He also played for and managed the New York Yankees and managed the Boston Red Sox in his final year in major league baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He finished out the last year of his major league career in 1941 with the New York Giants.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ UNITED STATES – 2009 College World Series champion LSU Tigers attracted 394,068 fans last year, the most in Division I baseball, according to the 2009 Attendance Numbers released by the NCAA earlier this week.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Four teams make the playoffs from each league: the three regular season division winners, plus one wild card team.^ Kiki Cuyler played for four teams over an 18-year major league career.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The National League West will be taking on the American League East in interleague play this season, and one series jumps out immediately.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ It was the final time the two baseball teams, which are separated by about 34 miles and a state line, will play each other as UA Fort Smith makes the jump to NCAA Division II next season.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.Baseball is the leading team sport in both Japan and Cuba, and the top level of play is similarly split between two leagues: Japan's Central League and Pacific League; Cuba's West League and East League.^ Entering a new season, the UAFS baseball team expected to have offensive firepower, but what the Lions did against North Central Missouri College on Saturday was absurd.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Eastern (36-15) took a 2-1 lead in the four-game Bi-State Conference series and improved to 11-8 in league play.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

In the National and Central leagues, the pitcher is required to bat, per the traditional rules. .In the American, Pacific, and both Cuban leagues, there is a tenth player, a designated hitter, who bats for the pitcher.^ Both of those guys should be front-end guys in our league, said Doty, who begins his fifth season.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Washington, who was an infielder and designated hitter a year ago, batted .387 with four doubles, one triple, one home run and 19 RBIs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Doty, who was 1 for 5 as a designated hitter last week against NEO, was 3 for 4 with one RBI and two runs scored and was the only Lions batter with multiple hits.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.Each top-level team has a farm system of one or more minor league teams.^ As the White Sox Minor League director, Buddy Bell understands how part of his job responsibility is to get talented players within the system ready to contribute at the Major League level.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The Orioles set their Minor League coaching staffs on Thursday, keeping several of their managers in place and shuffling pitching coaches at the highest levels.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ To restock a barren minor league system by avoiding the mistakes of the 2008 draft, and to develop the next wave of talent that will eventually… .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.These teams allow younger players to develop as they gain on-field experience against opponents with similar levels of skill.^ Over these 70 plate appearances, the amount of runs gained by switching a player from the #5 spot to the #1 spot who is 20 points of wOBA better is roughly one run.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Contents

History

Part of the Baseball series on
History of baseball
Early years
First league
Knickerbocker Rules
Massachusetts rules
Alexander Cartwright
Abner Doubleday myth
First pro team
First pro league
• Close relations:
Rounders
Town ball
Softball
• History of baseball in:
Worldwide
United States
United Kingdom
Canada
Japan
Cuba
Netherlands
Nicaragua
MLB season-by-season
Baseball Portal   

Origins of baseball

The evolution of baseball from older bat-and-ball games is difficult to trace with precision. A French manuscript from 1344 contains an illustration of clerics playing a game, possibly la soule, with similarities to baseball;[1] other old French games such as théque, la balle au bâton, and la balle empoisonée also appear to be related.[2] .Consensus once held that today's baseball is a North American development from the older game rounders, popular in Great Britain and Ireland.^ It was great opportunity to see everybody, chat about the latest developments, and see a great game, with so many ups and downs that the fans of both teams were happy.

.Baseball Before We Knew It: A Search for the Roots of the Game (2005), by David Block, suggests that the game originated in England; recently uncovered historical evidence supports this position.^ Bud Selig was caught recently by the Los Angeles Times saying that for the five years before this one, Major League Baseball enjoyed “as much competitive balance as we’ve ever had.” Of course, that’s not saying much considering baseball’s historic lack of parity.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Block argues that rounders and early baseball were actually regional variants of each other, and that the game's most direct antecedents are the English games of stoolball and "tut-ball".[3] It has long been believed that cricket also descended from such games, though evidence uncovered in early 2009 suggests that the sport may have been imported to England from Flanders.^ All of those three-balls came in one game, though, so we ...
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ What it feels like, the most, is the reassuring words oft-repeated during the season by Yankees commentators: "Baseball is a game of failure."

[4]
.The earliest known reference to baseball is in a 1744 British publication, A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, by John Newbery.^ The Little White Book of Baseball Law, by John Minan and Kevin Cole, from the American Bar Association, covers 18 "Innings" of key beisbol cases, staring with "Ticket Seller 'Scalps' Police," Lanier v.

.It contains a rhymed description of "base-ball" and a woodcut that shows a field set-up somewhat similar to the modern game—though in a triangular rather than diamond configuration, and with posts instead of ground-level bases.^ All of those three-balls came in one game, though, so we ...
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ We've already set up a "hash tag"* for the LA show - #LTWC. (The New York panel #LTNY was widely live-Tweeted.

[5] .English lawyer William Bray recorded a game of baseball on Easter Monday 1755 in Guildford, Surrey; Bray's diary was verified as authentic in September 2008.[6] This early form of the game was apparently brought to North America by English immigrants; rounders was also brought to the continent by both British and Irish immigrants.^ September 23, 2008 in Baseball / Yankees .

^ There's a lengthy list of early 20th century pitchers who pitched complete games in both ends of a doubleheader.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract by Bill James (Free Press, 2003), 1008 pages The history of baseball can be both fascinating and bewildering to British fans.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The first known American reference to baseball appears in a 1791 Pittsfield, Massachusetts, town bylaw prohibiting the playing of the game near the town's new meeting house.^ Rick has bought every baseball-related tech device known to man/womankind and faithfully scored the game on his PDA with amazing software.

^ Sixty years ago today , Jackie Robinson played his first Major League Baseball game, as a Brooklyn Dodger, at Ebbets Field in New York City, and changed the world.

[7] By 1796, a version of the game was well-known enough to earn a mention in a German scholar's book on popular pastimes. .As described by Johann Gutsmuths, "englische Base-ball" involved a contest between two teams, in which "the batter has three attempts to hit the ball while at the home plate"; only one out was required to retire a side.^ Only two Kirkwood batters collected multiple hits.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Vaughn faced three batters in the seventh, allowing one hit and striking out one.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ He allowed no runs on three hits, walked one and struck out two.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[8]
.By the early 1830s, there were reports of a variety of uncodified bat-and-ball games recognizable as early forms of baseball being played around North America.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes played in 48 games and batted a team-high .400 with 12 doubles, three triples, a team-high 11 home runs and a team-high 55 RBIs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Ervin worked around a one-out, bases-loaded walk and got Barnes to hit into a game-ending double play to earn the save.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.These games were often referred to locally as "town ball", though other names such as "round-ball" and "base-ball" were also used.^ All of those three-balls came in one game, though, so we ...
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[9] .Among the earliest examples to receive a detailed description—albeit five decades after the fact, in a letter from an attendee to Sporting Life magazine—took place in Beachville, Ontario, Canada, in 1838. There were many similarities to modern baseball, and some crucial differences: five bases (or byes); first bye just 6 yards (10 m) from the home bye; batter out if a hit ball was caught after the first bounce.^ Five Lions batters had multiple hits.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Coleman (4-0) allowed one earned run on two hits, walked one and struck out two to earn the win, while Solberg earned his first save in as many opportunities.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Lions starter Trent Daniel suffered the loss in four innings, allowing five runs on eight hits, walking three and striking out five.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[10] .The once widely accepted story that Abner Doubleday invented baseball in Cooperstown, New York, in 1839 has been conclusively debunked by sports historians.^ But I didn't understand the real power of sports, and specifically baseball, until I arrived in New York in 1998.

^ We've already set up a "hash tag"* for the LA show - #LTWC. (The New York panel #LTNY was widely live-Tweeted.

^ Before I moved to New York, I had no interest in spectator sports.

[11] .In 1845, Alexander Cartwright, a member of New York City's Knickerbockers club, led the codification of the so-called Knickerbocker Rules.^ Jason Bay is a member of the New York Mets while Billy Wagner and Takashi Saito have joined the Braves.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[12] .The practice, common to bat-and-ball games of the day, of "soaking" or "plugging"—effecting a putout by hitting a runner with a thrown ball—was barred.^ In a must win game on Sunday, Magglio Ordonez had 4 hits in 4 at-bats to help the Detroit Tigers defeat his former team, the Chicago White Sox.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Strom threw six innings of two-hit ball, striking out four, before leaving the game with a 4-1 lead.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Richmond, who hit his third home run in as many games and sixth of the spring, is batting a gaudy .583 over the past three games and is hitting .411 for the season.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

The rules thus facilitated the use of a smaller, harder ball than had been common. .Several other rules also brought the Knickerbockers' game close to the modern one, though a ball caught on the first bounce was, again, an out and only underhand pitching was allowed.^ All of those three-balls came in one game, though, so we ...
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The first pitch in the one nine-inning game will be at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Seminole State 6, UA Fort Smith 3 GAME ONE Trojans starter Blake Payne handcuffed the Lions for six complete innings, allowing only two runs one earned on four hits, walking one and striking out four, but the Trojans bullpen made it interesting.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[13] .While there are reports that the New York Knickerbockers played games in 1845, the contest now recognized as the first officially recorded baseball game in U.S. history took place on June 19, 1846, in Hoboken, New Jersey: the "New York Nine" defeated the Knickerbockers, 23–1, in four innings.^ After Matthias’ excellent posting yesterday on Dave Stieb vs. Roy Halladay, I started to think about the perfect game that Stieb lost in the bottom of the 9th inning vs. New York in 1989.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ NORWALK (2-18-09) -- Bobby Shore (left, 3-0) pitched six innings of four-hit, shutout baseball, striking out 11, as Palomar rocked host Cerritos 11-1 in a non-conference game on Wednesday.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ FRESNO (5-23-09) -- Four Palomar College baseball players were named to the Community College All-American and all-state first teams on Saturday: .
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

[14] With the Knickerbocker code as the basis, the rules of modern baseball continued to evolve over the next half-century.[15]

History of baseball in the United States

The game turns professional

.In the mid-1850s, a baseball craze hit the New York metropolitan area.^ He also played for and managed the New York Yankees and managed the Boston Red Sox in his final year in major league baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Richard Sandomir of The New York Times hit a huge double this week, with two terrific articles about the media coverage of the division series.

^ But I didn't understand the real power of sports, and specifically baseball, until I arrived in New York in 1998.

[16] .By 1856, local journals were referring to baseball as the "national pastime" or "national game".[17] A year later, sixteen area clubs formed the sport's first governing body, the National Association of Base Ball Players.^ Naddelman and Steve Sclafani (CEO) have been featured in Business Week and CNN for their work in building Baseball Factory into the nation's leader in player development and college… .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith (43-18), which won the tournament a year ago, forced the second championship game by beating Connors State (44-17) 5-4 in 10 innings in the first game on Sunday.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Four University of Arkansas - Fort Smith baseball players signed national letters-of-intent with four-year programs during the recent early signing period.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

In 1863, the organization disallowed putouts made by catching a fair ball on the first bounce. Four years later, it barred participation by African Americans.[18] .The game's commercial potential was developing: in 1869 the first fully professional baseball club, the Cincinnati Red Stockings, was formed and went undefeated against a schedule of semipro and amateur teams.^ He was one of four brothers who played baseball for the Comets and then went on to play either NCAA Division I baseball, professional baseball or both.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ SAN MARCOS (9-22-09) -- Coach Buck Taylor's Palomar baseball squad will play exhibition games against the Milwaukee Brewers Scout team at USC's Deadeaux Field and vs. Angels Elite team at Angel Stadium of Anaheim (right) to highlight its Fall exhibition schedule.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ The University of Arkansas - Fort Smiths baseball game against Carl Albert State scheduled for Tuesday has been rescheduled because of rain.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[19] .The first professional league, the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, lasted from 1871 to 1875; scholars dispute its status as a major league.^ University of Arkansas - Fort Smith second baseman Jordan Sallis was drafted Thursday afternoon by the Boston Red Sox during the annual Major League Baseball First-Year Player Draft.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ CC litlnemo/Flickr Edgar Martinez Nick: As a National League honk – I’m inclined to just dismiss any player that was primarily a Designated Hitter out of hand.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Coors Field and lasts 10 days, will offer injured Major League players and prospects a chance to be checked out and work out with the Major League staff.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[20]
.The more formally structured National League was founded in 1876. As the oldest surviving major league, the National League is sometimes referred to as the "senior circuit".[21] Several other major leagues formed and failed.^ Bud Selig has formed a committee of 14 people to look at ways of "improving" Major League Baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The following tables show the “year of eligibility” when a Major League baseball player was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ National League president Nick Young announces the more experienced umpire will stay behind the plate when the new two-umpire system is instituted.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.In 1884, African American Moses Walker (and, briefly, his brother Welday) played in one of these, the American Association.^ He was one of four brothers who played baseball for the Comets and then went on to play either NCAA Division I baseball, professional baseball or both.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ The National League West will be taking on the American League East in interleague play this season, and one series jumps out immediately.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[22] .An injury ended Walker's major league career, and by the early 1890s, a gentlemen's agreement in the form of the baseball color line effectively barred black players from the white-owned professional leagues, major and minor.^ Brett DeVall, minor league player .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Ordonez made his major league debut in 1997 with the Chicago White Sox.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[23] Professional Negro leagues formed, but quickly folded; several independent African American teams succeeded as barnstormers.[24] Also in 1884, overhand pitching was legalized.[25] In 1887, softball, under the name of indoor baseball or indoor-outdoor, was invented as a winter version of the parent game.[26] .Virtually all of the modern baseball rules were in place by 1893; the last major change—counting foul balls as strikes—was instituted in 1901.[25] The National League's first successful counterpart, the American League, which evolved from the minor Western League, was established that year.^ "Coach Taylor was very instrumental in what we accomplished in 2005, and when he not only coached a conference championship team the next year in his first season as head coach but also placed all 17 sophomores into four-year college programs and pro baseball, it was pretty obvious to everyone he was going to be a special type of head coach.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Winiecki, who leads the nation in hits, is a first team All-Region performer.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Casillas, a first-team All-American, and Buchanan both will return next season.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

[27] .The two leagues, each with eight teams, were rivals that fought for the best players, often disregarding each other's contracts and engaging in bitter legal disputes.^ Brian Joyce, Sonoma State -- Was a back-up position player, starting two games for a 35-16 team.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Comets swept their best-of-three series from the Owls two games to zero and will host a four-team Super Regional nesxt Friday through Sunday.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Brian Joyce, Sonoma State -- Is a back-up position player, starting two games for a 32-14 team.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

[28]
The New York Giants baseball team, 1913. Fred Merkle, sixth in line, committed a baserunning gaffe in a crucial 1908 game that became famous as Merkle's Boner.
.A modicum of peace was eventually established, leading to the National Agreement of 1903. The pact formalized relations both between the two major leagues and between them and the National Association of Professional Base Ball Leagues, representing most of the country's minor professional leagues.^ All Sports Memorabilia in our inventory is obtained directly from the largest and most respected distributers of Sports Collectibles in the U.S.A. We carry both autographed and unsigned sports collectibles from Major League Baseball, NFL, NBA, NHL, and Golf .

^ Willis went back deep into the outfield from his second base position to catch two fly balls.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Both of our companies will offer marketing and public relations services, and you'll still see us working together on National Association of Women Business Owner committees and projects.

[29] .The World Series, pitting the two major league champions against each other, was inaugurated that fall, albeit without express major league sanction: The Boston Americans of the American League defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates of the National League.^ Prior to Wednesdays game against the Toronto Blue Jays, the Rangers were 4 games behind the American League West Division leader Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim and 3 games behind the Boston Red Sox in the AL Wildcard race.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith split two league series (Connors State and Seminole State), won two series (NEO and Rose State) and lost one series (Eastern Oklahoma State).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ NCAA Division II at the end of the regular season and advanced to the semifinals of the Division II World Series at Cary, NC, where they lost to eventual national champion Emporia State 5-3.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

[30] .The next year, the series was not held, as the National League champion New York Giants, under manager John McGraw, refused to recognize the major league status of the American League and its champion.^ That was our first series of the year in the league, Harpenau said.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ New York Yankees 2009 World Series .

^ Aaron Davidson, a right-handed pitcher from Bryant, Ark., was drafted in the 31st round of the Major League Baseball First-Year Player Draft this past June by the San Francisco Giants and recently signed a pro contract.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[31] .In 1905, the Giants were National League champions again and team management relented, leading to the establishment of the World Series as the major leagues' annual championship event.^ Eastern (36-15) took a 2-1 lead in the four-game Bi-State Conference series and improved to 11-8 in league play.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Winiecki, who leads the nation in hits, is a first team All-Region performer.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ He also played for and managed the New York Yankees and managed the Boston Red Sox in his final year in major league baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[32]
.As professional baseball became increasingly profitable, players frequently raised grievances against owners over issues of control and equitable income distribution.^ "Buck's success in placing players through scholarships and into professional baseball was a major consideration.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.During the major leagues' early decades, players on various teams occasionally attempted strikes, which routinely failed when their jobs were sufficiently threatened.^ Four University of Arkansas - Fort Smith baseball players signed national letters-of-intent with four-year programs during the recent early signing period.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The following tables show the “year of eligibility” when a Major League baseball player was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ As the White Sox Minor League director, Buddy Bell understands how part of his job responsibility is to get talented players within the system ready to contribute at the Major League level.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.In general, the strict rules of baseball contracts and the reserve clause, which bound players to their teams even when their contracts had ended, tended to keep the players in check.^ Here's what we think.If You Don’t Dream About Baseball, Then Baseball is NOT Your DreamThe players that cared and performed well on teams are what we call diamond dogs.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Kerley said this week that after the football season ends, he wants to walk on to TCU’s baseball team.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The draft-and-follow rule allowed pro teams to keep exclusive rights to a drafted player up until one week prior to the following years draft if that player attended a junior college.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[33] .Motivated by dislike for particularly stingy owner Charles Comiskey and gamblers' payoffs, real and promised, members of the Chicago White Sox conspired to throw the 1919 World Series.^ In a must win game on Sunday, Magglio Ordonez had 4 hits in 4 at-bats to help the Detroit Tigers defeat his former team, the Chicago White Sox.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Ordonez made his major league debut in 1997 with the Chicago White Sox.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Boston Red Sox 2007 World Series .

.The Black Sox Scandal led to the formation of a new National Commission of baseball that drew the two major leagues closer together.^ Bud Selig has formed a committee of 14 people to look at ways of "improving" Major League Baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ So they’ll advance to play the Phillies who will beat… Minor League Baseball News - MLN - The Raw Feed .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He also played for and managed the New York Yankees and managed the Boston Red Sox in his final year in major league baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[34] .The first major league baseball commissioner, Kenesaw Mountain Landis, was elected in 1920. That year also saw the founding of the Negro National League; the first significant Negro league, it would operate until 1931. For part of the 1920s, it was joined by the Eastern Colored League.^ Bud Selig has formed a committee of 14 people to look at ways of "improving" Major League Baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Nine former University of Arkansas - Fort Smith baseball players will continue their playing careers this fall at either four-year programs or in Major League Baseballs Minor League system.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ He also played for and managed the New York Yankees and managed the Boston Red Sox in his final year in major league baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[35]

Rise of Ruth and racial integration

.Compared with the present, professional baseball in the early twentieth century was lower scoring and pitchers, the likes of Walter Johnson and Christy Mathewson, were more dominant.^ UA Fort Smith scored three runs in the first inning and that was more than enough offense for the trio of Lions pitchers.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ And the Mets have other needs - somebody after Johan Santana in the rotation would seem to help a lot more, especially in a pitcher's park like Citi Field.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ There's a lengthy list of early 20th century pitchers who pitched complete games in both ends of a doubleheader.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The "inside game", which demanded that players "scratch for runs", was played much more aggressively than it is today; the brilliant, and often violent, Ty Cobb epitomized this style.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes played in 48 games and batted a team-high .400 with 12 doubles, three triples, a team-high 11 home runs and a team-high 55 RBIs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith scored three runs in the first inning and that was more than enough offense for the trio of Lions pitchers.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[36] The so-called dead-ball era ended in the early 1920s with several changes in rule and circumstance that were advantageous to hitters. Strict new regulations governing the ball's size, shape and composition, coupled with superior materials available after World War I, resulted in a ball that traveled farther when hit. .The construction of additional seating to accommodate the rising popularity of the game often had the effect of bringing the outfield fences closer in, making home runs more common.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes played in 48 games and batted a team-high .400 with 12 doubles, three triples, a team-high 11 home runs and a team-high 55 RBIs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Lions left fielder Adam Robertson of Rosebud, Ark., was 1 for 4 and crushed his second home run in as many games and his fifth of the year.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[37] .The rise of the legendary player Babe Ruth, the first great power hitter of the new era, helped permanently alter the nature of the game.^ It could be said that collecting sports memorabilia goes back to the first decades of the 20th century, when many people would collect baseballs from baseball games and many asked Babe Ruth for autographs.

^ Esquibel (2-1, 3.51 ERA) had a no-hitter going into the top of the fifth inning on the way to the complete-game victory.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes, the Oklahoma High School Player of the Year, also crushed a round-tripper in the first game of the doubleheader.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.The club with which Ruth set most of his slugging records, the New York Yankees, built a reputation as the majors' premier team.^ We saw Derek Jeter pass Lou Gehrig's record for the most hits in Yankee Stadium; every game had a delicious poignancy.

^ Thirteen consecutive post-season romps for the New York Yankees!

^ Curtis Granderson was traded to the New York Yankees yesterday, and that alters his fantasy value on a number of fronts.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[38] In the late 1920s and early 1930s, St. Louis Cardinals general manager Branch Rickey invested in several minor league clubs and developed the first modern "farm system".[39] A new Negro National League was organized in 1933; four years later, it was joined by the Negro American League. .The first elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame took place in 1936. In 1939, Little League Baseball was founded in Pennsylvania.^ Edgar Martinez, bidding the first true designated hitter to enter the Hall of Fame, came up short in ballot results announced on Wednesday.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Had the Mudville Hall of Fame been in existence in 1998, Blyleven’s first year on the ballot, he would’ve been the… .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ UNITED SATATES – Andre Dawson earned baseball’s highest honor Wednesday when the slugging outfielder was elected to the Hall of Fame.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.By the late 1940s, it was the organizing body for children's baseball leagues across the United States.^ The trip is under the auspices of the Russian American Rule of Law Consortium, an organization that promotes partnerships between legal communities in the United States and Russia.

^ UNITED STATS – USSSA (United States Specialty Sports Association) is offering a great opportunity for baseball clubs around the world – an international baseball tournament in Orlando, Florida.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Robinson posing in the uniform cap of the Kansas City Royals, a California Winter League barnstorming team, November 1945 (photo by Maurice Terrell)
Jackie Robinson in 1945, with the era's Kansas City Royals, a barnstorming squad associated with the Negro American League's Kansas City Monarchs
.With America's entry into World War II, many professional players had left to serve in the armed forces.^ He played with the Dodgers from 1941-1943, but then left to serve in World War II. Herman returned to the Dodgers in 1946 and after 47 games, he was traded… .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ "Buck's success in placing players through scholarships and into professional baseball was a major consideration.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.A large number of minor league teams disbanded as a result and the major league game seemed under threat as well.^ Josh Banks, a right-hander who has appeared in 26 career Major League games with the Toronto Blue Jays and San Diego Padres, has signed a Minor League contract with the Astros that includes an invitation to Spring Training.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The Mariners signed utility player Chris Woodward to a Minor League contract with an invitation to Major League Spring Training, the club announced on Wednesday.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Astros and played his final Major League game for the Reds on July 10, 1992.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.Chicago Cubs owner Philip K. Wrigley led the formation of a new professional league with women players to help keep the game in the public eye; the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League existed from 1943 to 1954.[40] The inaugural College World Series was held in 1947, and the Babe Ruth League youth program was founded.^ Palomar players are All-American selections .
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ In Independent minor league baseball, Skip Adams of the Tucson Toros has been named to start at second base for the South Division in the Golden League All-Star Game on July 14 at St. George, Utah.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ FRESNO (5-23-09) -- Four Palomar College baseball players were named to the Community College All-American and all-state first teams on Saturday: .
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

This program soon became another important organizing body for children's baseball. .The first crack in the unwritten agreement barring blacks from white-controlled professional ball occurred the previous year: Jackie Robinson was signed by the National League's Brooklyn Dodgers—where Branch Rickey had become general manager—and began playing for their minor league team in Montreal.^ Sixty years ago today , Jackie Robinson played his first Major League Baseball game, as a Brooklyn Dodger, at Ebbets Field in New York City, and changed the world.

^ So they’ll advance to play the Phillies who will beat… Minor League Baseball News - MLN - The Raw Feed .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Nine former University of Arkansas - Fort Smith baseball players will continue their playing careers this fall at either four-year programs or in Major League Baseballs Minor League system.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[41] .In 1947, Robinson broke the major leagues' color barrier when he debuted with the Dodgers.^ Ordonez made his major league debut in 1997 with the Chicago White Sox.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ From 1931 to 1947, Billy Herman played for four different major league baseball teams: Chicago Cubs, Brooklyn Dodgers, Boston Braves, and his final year with the Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Sixty years ago today , Jackie Robinson played his first Major League Baseball game, as a Brooklyn Dodger, at Ebbets Field in New York City, and changed the world.

.Larry Doby debuted with the American League's Cleveland Indians the same year.^ Soncho asked: I am in the same league every year for the past half dozen years.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[42] Latin American players, largely overlooked before, also started entering the majors in greater numbers. .In 1951, two Chicago White Sox, Venezuelan-born Chico Carrasquel and Cuban-born (and black) Minnie Miñoso, became the first Hispanic All-Stars.^ Davidson allowed all four runs only two were earned in the first and third innings but held the Cowboys batters to a paltry .192 average.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ And thank you to DL'd Andy Phillips (12) and departed Miguel Cairo (Cardinals 3) and Mike Myers (White Sox 36) who were so a part of it all.

^ Shortstop / second baseman Jeff Tezak is hitting .375 in the first 14 games of the season for the Chicago White Sox' Great Falls Voyagers in the Rookie Classification Pioneer League.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

[43][44]
.Facing competition as varied as television and football, baseball attendance at all levels declined; while the majors rebounded by the mid-1950s, the minor leagues were gutted and hundreds of semipro and amateur teams dissolved.^ Nine former University of Arkansas - Fort Smith baseball players will continue their playing careers this fall at either four-year programs or in Major League Baseballs Minor League system.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Then again, the magic of baseball is that when it all comes down to the last games, there are no guarantees, no matter how good the team.

^ WELCOME TO UA FORT SMITH LIONS BASEBALL HOME OF THE 2007 REGION II CHAMPIONS The UA Fort Smith baseball team competes at the NJCAA Division I level.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[45][46] .Integration proceeded slowly: by 1953, only six of the sixteen major league teams had a black player on the roster.^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Coors Field and lasts 10 days, will offer injured Major League players and prospects a chance to be checked out and work out with the Major League staff.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Kiki Cuyler played for four teams over an 18-year major league career.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[43] .That year, the Major League Baseball Players Association was founded.^ University of Arkansas - Fort Smith second baseman Jordan Sallis was drafted Thursday afternoon by the Boston Red Sox during the annual Major League Baseball First-Year Player Draft.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Bud Selig has formed a committee of 14 people to look at ways of "improving" Major League Baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.It was the first professional baseball union to survive more than briefly, but it remained largely ineffective for years.^ SAN MARCOS (5-12-09) -- Palomar baseball alums continue to come up big on the four-year college and professional levels: .
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith scored three runs in the first inning and that was more than enough offense for the trio of Lions pitchers.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Taylor coached the Comets to a Pacific Coast Conference title 2006, his first as head coach, when he was the first person ever to be honored as PCC Coach of the Year in baseball in his first season.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

[47] No major league team had been located west of St. Louis until 1958, when the Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants relocated to Los Angeles and San Francisco, respectively.[48] .The majors' final all-white bastion, the Boston Red Sox, added a black player in 1959.[43] With the integration of the majors drying up the available pool of players, the last Negro league folded the following year.^ He also played for and managed the New York Yankees and managed the Boston Red Sox in his final year in major league baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Prior to Wednesdays game against the Toronto Blue Jays, the Rangers were 4 games behind the American League West Division leader Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim and 3 games behind the Boston Red Sox in the AL Wildcard race.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Red Sox have signed him to a one-year deal worth $9 million with a player option for a second year worth $5 million.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[49] .In 1961, the American League reached the West Coast with the Los Angeles Angels expansion team, and the major league season was extended from 154 games to 162. This coincidentally helped Roger Maris break Babe Ruth's long-standing single-season home run record, one of the most celebrated marks in baseball.^ It was Washingtons first home run of the season.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Prior to Wednesdays game against the Toronto Blue Jays, the Rangers were 4 games behind the American League West Division leader Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim and 3 games behind the Boston Red Sox in the AL Wildcard race.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Gentry batted .303 with eight home runs and 53 RBIs at Frisco this season.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[50] .Along with the Angels, three other new franchises were launched during 1961–62; with this, the first major league expansion in sixty years, each league now had ten teams.^ Other teams in the Top Ten are No.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ University of Arkansas - Fort Smith second baseman Jordan Sallis was drafted Thursday afternoon by the Boston Red Sox during the annual Major League Baseball First-Year Player Draft.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ That was our first series of the year in the league, Harpenau said.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

Attendance records and the age of steroids

.The players' union became bolder under the leadership of former United Steelworkers chief economist and negotiator Marvin Miller, who was elected executive director in 1966.[51] On the playing field, major league pitchers were becoming increasingly dominant again.^ So they’ll advance to play the Phillies who will beat… Minor League Baseball News - MLN - The Raw Feed .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Nine former University of Arkansas - Fort Smith baseball players will continue their playing careers this fall at either four-year programs or in Major League Baseballs Minor League system.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Hartley, a former major league pitcher, will be at the helm of the Heidekoepfe for a third consecutive season.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

After the 1968 season, in an effort to restore balance, the strike zone was reduced and the height of the pitcher's mound was lowered. .The following year, both the National and American leagues added two more expansion teams; the leagues were reorganized into two divisions each, and a post-season playoff system leading to the World Series was instituted.^ UA Fort Smith gave Babcock three insurance runs in the fourth inning thanks in part to a two-run home run by Richmond his third of the season and added two more in the top of the ninth inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Richard Sandomir of The New York Times hit a huge double this week, with two terrific articles about the media coverage of the division series.

^ While the focus seems to be on Manny Ramirez no matter what he does, it took a team effort for the Dodgers to post the best record in the National League in 2009 before they were eliminated in five games in the NLCS by the Phillies.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Also in 1969, Curt Flood of the St. Louis Cardinals made the first serious legal challenge to the reserve clause. .The major leagues' first general players' strike took place in 1972.[52] In another effort to add more offense to the game, the American League adopted the designated hitter rule the following year.^ The first-year player draft will begin at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ University of Arkansas - Fort Smith second baseman Jordan Sallis was drafted Thursday afternoon by the Boston Red Sox during the annual Major League Baseball First-Year Player Draft.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ That was our first series of the year in the league, Harpenau said.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[53] In 1975, the union's power—and players' salaries—began to increase greatly when the reserve clause was effectively struck down, leading to the free agency system.[54] .In 1977, two more expansion teams joined the American League.^ He leaves for Sarasota, FL, to join the Orioles' Gulf Coast League team on Tuesday evening .
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.Significant work stoppages occurred again in 1981 and 1994, the latter forcing the cancellation of the World Series for the first time in ninety years.^ That was our first series of the year in the league, Harpenau said.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ There are some out there that can remember the last time the Yankees and Phillies met in the World Series.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He also was recruited by Dakota Athletic Conference tournament champion and two-time recent NAIA World Series qualifier Jamestown College of North Dakota.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

[55] .Attendance had been growing steadily since the mid-1970s and in 1994, before the stoppage, the majors were setting their all-time record for per-game attendance.^ Saladino also set Palomar records for runs scored in a season (58) and career (95) and tied the mark for runs scored in conference games (37).
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ SAN MARCOS (5-19-09) -- Palomar, which set a school record with 36 wins during the 2009 baseball season, also made a significant impact on the school's records list all-time bests list.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ He also broke the Wildcats' all-time single-season hitting record with a .442 average.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

[46][56]
.The addition of two more expansion teams after the 1993 season had facilitated another restructuring of the major leagues, this time into three divisions each.^ The Comets swept their best-of-three series from the Owls two games to zero and will host a four-team Super Regional nesxt Friday through Sunday.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith gave Babcock three insurance runs in the fourth inning thanks in part to a two-run home run by Richmond his third of the season and added two more in the top of the ninth inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The sophomores round-tripper his seventh of the season helped the Lions erase a three-run deficit going into the bottom of the seventh inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.Offensive production—the number of home runs in particular—had surged that year, and again in the abbreviated 1994 season.^ It was Washingtons first home run of the season.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Gentry batted .303 with eight home runs and 53 RBIs at Frisco this season.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Lions left fielder Adam Robertson of Rosebud, Ark., was 1 for 4 and crushed his second home run in as many games and his fifth of the year.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[57] .After play resumed in 1995, this trend continued and non-division-winning wild card teams became a permanent fixture of the post-season.^ Once again, Detroit heads out of the holiday season as one of the few teams without a declared closer, continuing its post-Todd Jones habit of waiting out the market.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The victory breaks the Palomar record for wins in a season, set by the 2005 state runner-up team (34-11) .
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ When considering Selig's legacy on the game, it's easy to point to changes to divisional formats, the Wild Card playoff spot, interleague play, and steroids.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Regular-season interleague play was introduced in 1997 and the second-highest attendance mark for a full season was set.^ Saladino also set Palomar records for runs scored in a season (58) and career (95) and tied the mark for runs scored in conference games (37).
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith will take a three-game respite before resuming regular-season play on Friday against Crowder College at Crowder Field.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Winiecki, who was second on the team with 54 RBIs, led the nation with 95 hits during the regular season and was 12th in the nation in batting average.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[58] .The next year, Mark McGwire and Sammy Sosa both surpassed Maris's decades-old single season home run record and two more expansion franchises were added.^ It was Washingtons first home run of the season.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Catcher B.K. Santy had a two-run single.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ The ball that Mark McGwire hit for home-run number 62 in 1998, for example, was sold for over 1 million dollars.

.In 2000, the National and American leagues were dissolved as legal entities.^ The National League West will be taking on the American League East in interleague play this season, and one series jumps out immediately.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.While their identities were maintained for scheduling purposes (and the designated hitter distinction), the regulations and other functions—such as player discipline and umpire supervision—they had administered separately were consolidated under the rubric of Major League Baseball (MLB).^ University of Arkansas - Fort Smith second baseman Jordan Sallis was drafted Thursday afternoon by the Boston Red Sox during the annual Major League Baseball First-Year Player Draft.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Here they are: One MLB official says the Matt Holliday deal may end up as "one of the worst deals in major league history" because the Cardinals were apparently bidding against themselves.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[59]
.In 2001, Barry Bonds established the current record of 73 home runs in a single season.^ It was Washingtons first home run of the season.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Saladino also set Palomar records for runs scored in a season (58) and career (95) and tied the mark for runs scored in conference games (37).
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Freshman Justin Barnes of Yukon, Okla., had the Lions only home run his fourth of the season in the slugfest.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.There had long been suspicions that the dramatic increase in power hitting was fueled in large part by the abuse of illegal steroids (as well as by the dilution of pitching talent due to expansion), but the issue only began attracting significant media attention in 2002 and there was no penalty for the use of performance-enhancing drugs before 2004.[60] In 2007, Bonds became MLB's all-time home run leader, surpassing Hank Aaron, as total major league and minor league attendance both reached all-time highs.^ All-Time Pitching Leaders Through 2009 .
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Davidson allowed all four runs only two were earned in the first and third innings but held the Cowboys batters to a paltry .192 average.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[61][62] .Even though McGwire, Sosa, and Bonds—as well as many other players, including storied pitcher Roger Clemens—have been implicated in the steroid abuse scandal, their feats and those of other sluggers had become the major leagues' defining attraction.^ Hartley, a former major league pitcher, will be at the helm of the Heidekoepfe for a third consecutive season.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ This was particularly true in the National League, where some disappointments in 2008 even exceeded their expectations from that year and were significant bargains.I wondered how well this would work on the other side of our game.Top 10 Losses, A.L. Pitchers (2008)RankPlayerSal+/-AP/MFSW'08 $'08 Sal1Erik… .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Coors Field and lasts 10 days, will offer injured Major League players and prospects a chance to be checked out and work out with the Major League staff.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[63] .In contrast to the professional game's resurgence in popularity after the 1994 interruption, Little League enrollment was in decline: after peaking in 1996, it dropped 1 percent a year over the following decade.^ Eight Men Out Field of Dreams For the Love of the Game Jackie Robinson Story Little Big League Major League (and progeny) Mr. Mr.

[64]

Baseball around the world

Baseball, widely known as America's pastime, is well-established in several other countries as well. The history of baseball in Canada has remained closely linked with that of the sport in the United States. .As early as 1877, a professional league, the International Association, featured teams from both countries.^ Limited space for international teams – only one team from a country allowed in the event in each age group.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[65] .While baseball is widely played in Canada, and many minor league teams have been based in the country, the American major leagues did not include a Canadian club until 1969, when the Montreal Expos joined the National League as an expansion team.^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The relatively low-budgeted St. Louis Cardinals increased their ability to compete with other clubs in the 1920s, 30s, and 40s with as many as 40 affiliated teams.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ So it was just a decision based on what's best for our team.Ellsbury's arm is better suited for left, where he played a total of 80 games in 2007-08.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.In 1977, the expansion Toronto Blue Jays joined the American League.^ Prior to Wednesdays game against the Toronto Blue Jays, the Rangers were 4 games behind the American League West Division leader Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim and 3 games behind the Boston Red Sox in the AL Wildcard race.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Josh Banks, a right-hander who has appeared in 26 career Major League games with the Toronto Blue Jays and San Diego Padres, has signed a Minor League contract with the Astros that includes an invitation to Spring Training.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The Seattle Mariners and Toronto Blue Jays pulled off… baseballdeworld.com .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The Blue Jays won the World Series in 1992 and 1993, the first and still the only club from outside the United States to do so.^ NEO won only one conference series, sweeping Rose State.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Lions, who won the series 3-1, finished 11-9 in conference play — one game out of first place.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Davidson, whos a first team All-Region performer, beat Connors State in the opening game of the conference series.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.After the 2004 season, Major League Baseball relocated the Expos to Washington, D.C., where the team is now known as the Nationals.^ Entering a new season, the UAFS baseball team expected to have offensive firepower, but what the Lions did against North Central Missouri College on Saturday was absurd.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Cypress 5-2 in the season baseball opener for both teams on the road.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Bud Selig has formed a committee of 14 people to look at ways of "improving" Major League Baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.
Sadaharu Oh managing the Japan national team in the 2006 World Baseball Classic.
^ The All-State team is selected by the California Community College Baseball Coaches Association and All-Americans are named by the CCCBCA and the National Junior College Athletic Association Baseball Coaches Association.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

Playing for the Central League's Yomiuri Giants (1959–80), Oh set the professional world record for home runs.
.The first formal baseball league outside of the United States and Canada was founded in 1878 in Cuba, which maintains a rich baseball tradition and whose national team has been one of the world's strongest since international play began in the late 1930s.^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Eastern (36-15) took a 2-1 lead in the four-game Bi-State Conference series and improved to 11-8 in league play.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Winiecki, who leads the nation in hits, is a first team All-Region performer.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.(All organized baseball in the country has officially been amateur since the Cuban Revolution.^ While the Baseball Hall of Fame is perhaps the most prestigious of all Hall of Fames, its procedures and standards aren't exactly organized nor are they truly fair.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

) .The Dominican Republic held its first islandwide championship tournament in 1912.[66] Professional baseball tournaments and leagues began to form in other countries between the world wars, including the Netherlands (formed in 1922), Australia (1934), Japan (1936), Mexico (1937), and Puerto Rico (1938).^ The two commissioners of Major League Baseball Bud Selig and of Japanese Professional Baseball Ryozo Kato met in Milwaukee, Wisconsin this week and apparently also discussed a regular Global World Series between the two champions of the two countries.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Bud Selig has formed a committee of 14 people to look at ways of "improving" Major League Baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[67] .The Japanese major leagues—the Central League and Pacific League—have long been considered the highest quality professional circuits outside of the United States.^ The two commissioners of Major League Baseball Bud Selig and of Japanese Professional Baseball Ryozo Kato met in Milwaukee, Wisconsin this week and apparently also discussed a regular Global World Series between the two champions of the two countries.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Bud Selig, the Major League Baseball commissioner, talks to his Japanese counterpart about an international playoff by 2012.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[68] .Japan has a professional minor league system as well, though it is much smaller than the American version—each team has only one farm club in contrast to MLB teams' four or five.^ Esquibel has appeared in four games for the Lumberkings, a Seattle Mariners Class A farm club.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Nine former University of Arkansas - Fort Smith baseball players will continue their playing careers this fall at either four-year programs or in Major League Baseballs Minor League system.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The West division sported only one team over .500.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[69]
.After World War II, professional leagues were founded in many Latin American nations, most prominently Venezuela (1946) and the Dominican Republic (1955).^ The National League West will be taking on the American League East in interleague play this season, and one series jumps out immediately.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He played with the Dodgers from 1941-1943, but then left to serve in World War II. Herman returned to the Dodgers in 1946 and after 47 games, he was traded… .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The ABA's most recent tech survey found that only 11.7% of the nation's lawyers are using ANY trial technology.

[70] .Since the early 1970s, the annual Caribbean Series has matched the championship clubs from the four leading Latin American winter leagues: the Dominican Winter League, Mexican Pacific League, Puerto Rican Professional Baseball League, and Venezuelan Professional Baseball League.^ He was one of four brothers who played baseball for the Comets and then went on to play either NCAA Division I baseball, professional baseball or both.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ MLN Newswire - www.mlntherawfeed.com - PORTLAND, ME – The Eastern League of Professional Baseball Clubs, Inc., has announced that the two divisions in the league will be restructured and renamed for the 2010 season.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ SAN MARCOS (5-12-09) -- Palomar baseball alums continue to come up big on the four-year college and professional levels: .
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

In Asia, South Korea (1982), Taiwan (1990), and China (2003) all have professional leagues.[71]
.Many European countries have professional leagues as well, the most successful, other than the Dutch league, being the Italian league founded in 1948.[72] Compared to those in Asia and Latin America, the various European leagues and the one in Australia historically have had no more than niche appeal.^ This years no different than any other year.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The conference, which was founded in 1999, covers a distance of more than 1,050 miles from north to south and 610 miles east to west.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Theres no question that Jordan will go out and do well for himself and represent himself and the UA Fort Smith program well as a professional, Harpenau said.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.In 2004, Australia won a surprise silver medal at the Olympic Games.^ But surprise, surprise, they won the rest of the four-game series, hinting at better things to come.

.The Israel Baseball League, launched in 2007, folded after one season.^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Kincaid pitched on the community college level at Antelope Valley College, at San Francisco State and for one season in professional Independent baseball.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ MOSQUITO Athletics Attnang-Puchheim 2009 Record: 20-8 2009 Ranking: 2nd place after regular season in Austrian Baseball League.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[73] .The Confédération Européene de Baseball (European Baseball Confederation), founded in 1953, organizes a number of competitions between clubs from different countries, as well as national squads.^ Some clubs or regions had adopted blogging functionality on their websites, but there were no independently run national websites covering British baseball in depth.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Other competitions between national teams, such as the Baseball World Cup and the Olympic baseball tournament, have been administered by the International Baseball Federation (IBAF) since its formation in 1938. As of 2009, the IBAF has 117 member countries.^ Just a few weeks after announcing that Caracas, Venezuela (June 23 – July 2) will host the 2010 Women’s Softball World Championship, the International Softball Federation (ISF) has awarded the 2012 tournament to Whitehorse, Canada.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Since the baseball weather turned Minnesota-like, the team from the north has thrived, outscoring the opposition 19-5.

^ If your team/club is interested in participating in a true international baseball event, contact Caliendo Sports International officially by writing a letter on Club or Federation letterhead accepting the… The Cub Reporter (TCR) .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[74] .Women's baseball is played on an organized amateur basis in many of the countries where it is a leading men's sport.^ Student-athletes representing mens and womens tennis and baseball participated in the food drive.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ PALM DESERT (5-4-09) -- Palomar baseball coach Buck Taylor (left) and women's golf / softball coach M ark Eldridge were voted as Pacific Coast Conference Men's Sports Coach of the Year and Women's Coach of the Year, respectively, for all sports for 2008-09 on Monday.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ SAN MARCOS (3-23-09) -- Palomar baseball player Sam Jew has been selected as the Pacific Coast Conference's Men's and Women's Athletes of the Week, ror all sports for the week that ended Sunday.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.Since 2004, the IBAF has sanctioned the Women's Baseball World Cup, featuring national teams.^ Naddelman and Steve Sclafani (CEO) have been featured in Business Week and CNN for their work in building Baseball Factory into the nation's leader in player development and college… .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ MLB Team Photo Plaques - World Series Champs Wooden Plaques - Healy Baseball Plaques .

^ World Series New York Yankees Team Signed Baseball With Inscriptions LIMITED EDITION OF 99 » Read more .

.After being admitted to the Olympics as a medal sport beginning with the 1992 Games, baseball was dropped from the 2012 Summer Olympic Games at the 2005 International Olympic Committee meeting.^ Bud Selig, the Major League Baseball commissioner, talks to his Japanese counterpart about an international playoff by 2012.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

It remained part of the 2008 Games. .The elimination of baseball, along with softball, from the 2012 Olympic program enabled the IOC to consider adding two different sports, but none received the votes required for inclusion.^ PALM DESERT (5-4-09) -- Palomar baseball coach Buck Taylor (left) and women's golf / softball coach M ark Eldridge were voted as Pacific Coast Conference Men's Sports Coach of the Year and Women's Coach of the Year, respectively, for all sports for 2008-09 on Monday.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Walters State Community College (31-6) received two first-place votes and is ranked No.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ In the Southern California rankings, conducted by the California Community College Baseball Coaches Association, Palomar received 11 first place votes and No.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

[75] .While the sport's lack of a following in much of the world was a factor, more important was Major League Baseball's reluctance to have a break during the Games to allow its players to participate, as the National Hockey League now does during the Winter Olympic Games.^ Naddelman and Steve Sclafani (CEO) have been featured in Business Week and CNN for their work in building Baseball Factory into the nation's leader in player development and college… .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ University of Arkansas - Fort Smith second baseman Jordan Sallis was drafted Thursday afternoon by the Boston Red Sox during the annual Major League Baseball First-Year Player Draft.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Such a break is more difficult for MLB to accommodate because it would force the playoffs deeper into cold weather.[76] Seeking reinstatement for the 2016 Summer Olympics, the IBAF proposed an abbreviated competition designed to facilitate the participation of top players, but the effort failed.[77] .Major League Baseball initiated the World Baseball Classic, scheduled to precede the major league season, partly as a replacement, high-profile international tournament.^ Bud Selig has formed a committee of 14 people to look at ways of "improving" Major League Baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Hartley, a former major league pitcher, will be at the helm of the Heidekoepfe for a third consecutive season.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He also played for and managed the New York Yankees and managed the Boston Red Sox in his final year in major league baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The inaugural Classic, held in March 2006, was the first tournament involving national teams to feature a significant number of MLB participants.^ Winiecki, who leads the nation in hits, is a first team All-Region performer.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[78]

Rules and gameplay

.A game is played between two teams, each composed of nine players, that take turns playing offense (batting or hitting) and defense (fielding or pitching).^ The two teams will play a doubleheader beginning at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Trojans, will play the first of two games at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The two teams will play two seven-inning games.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.A pair of turns, one at bat and one in the field, by each team constitutes an inning; there are nine innings in a game.^ Saturday and one nine-inning game on Sunday beginning at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The first pitch in the one nine-inning game will be at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.One team—customarily the visiting team—bats in the top, or first half, of every inning; the other team—customarily the home team—bats in the bottom, or second half, of every inning.^ Other teams in the Top Ten are No.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Trojans first baseman David Chester delivered the big hit in the inning, belting a three-run home run off Coleman.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.The goal of a game is to score more points (runs) than the other team.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Freshman third baseman Colton West of Greenland, Ark., reached on an error in the fourth and scored on an error to tie the game at two runs apiece.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Saladino also set Palomar records for runs scored in a season (58) and career (95) and tied the mark for runs scored in conference games (37).
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.The players on the team at bat attempt to score runs by circling, or completing a tour of, the four bases set at the corners of the square-shaped baseball diamond.^ When they get on base, we have a tendency to score runs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Here's what we think.If You Don’t Dream About Baseball, Then Baseball is NOT Your DreamThe players that cared and performed well on teams are what we call diamond dogs.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.A player bats at home plate and must proceed counterclockwise to first base, second base, third base, and back home in order to score a run.^ When they get on base, we have a tendency to score runs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ It was Washingtons first home run of the season.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ He was second on the team in home runs (9), third in doubles (10) and tied for first in triples (6).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.The team in the field attempts both to prevent runs from scoring and to record outs, which remove opposing players from offensive action until their turn in their team's batting order comes up again.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Connors State scored three runs with two outs in the fourth inning and three runs with two outs in the seventh inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Casillas doubled, singled three times, drove in a run and scored twice as he raised his batting average to .427.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.When three outs are recorded, the teams switch roles for the next half-inning.^ Lions starter Trent Daniel suffered the loss in four innings, allowing five runs on eight hits, walking three and striking out five.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Connors State scored three runs with two outs in the fourth inning and three runs with two outs in the seventh inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Carlin (5-1) allowed three earned runs on seven hits, walked three and struck out six in five innings.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.If the score of the game is tied after nine innings, extra innings are played to resolve the contest.^ Saladino also set Palomar records for runs scored in a season (58) and career (95) and tied the mark for runs scored in conference games (37).
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ The opener was delayed three hours because of early morning rain and was switched from a doubleheader to one nine-inning game.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Alnas, playing center field, also gunned out a runner attempting to score from second on a single for the second game in a row.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.Children's games are often scheduled for fewer than nine innings.^ Saturday and one nine-inning game on Sunday beginning at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Sunday when it hosts North Arkansas College (4-2) for one nine-inning game at noon at Crowder Field.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The four-game series, which is tied at one game apiece, will resume on Saturday when the Lions host the Mountaineers for one nine-inning game beginning at 5 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[79]
Diagram of a baseball field (the term diamond may be used to refer to the square area defined by the four bases or to the entire playing field). The dimensions given are for professional and professional-style games; children often play on smaller fields.
.The game is played on a field whose primary boundaries, the foul lines, extend forward from home plate at 45-degree angles.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes played in 48 games and batted a team-high .400 with 12 doubles, three triples, a team-high 11 home runs and a team-high 55 RBIs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ With as many home games as UAFS has played to start the season, Dale Harpenaus squad was bound to have one game not go its way.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

The 90-degree area within the foul lines is referred to as fair territory; the 270-degree area outside them is foul territory. The part of the field enclosed by the bases and several yards beyond them is the infield; the area farther beyond the infield is the outfield. In the middle of the infield is a raised pitcher's mound, with a rectangular rubber plate (the rubber) at its center. .The outer boundary of the outfield is typically demarcated by a raised fence, which may be of any material and height (many amateur games are played on fields without a fence).^ Alnas, playing center field, also gunned out a runner attempting to score from second on a single for the second game in a row.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Carvutto's grand-slam over the left field fence came in the third inning and broke the game open early at 6-0.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ With as many home games as UAFS has played to start the season, Dale Harpenaus squad was bound to have one game not go its way.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.Fair territory between home plate and the outfield boundary is baseball's field of play, though significant events can take place in foul territory, as well.^ The baseball series between the University of Arkansas - Fort Smith and Maple Woods Community College that was scheduled for Tuesday and Wednesday at Crowder Field has been canceled.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith will take a three-game respite before resuming regular-season play on Friday against Crowder College at Crowder Field.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[80]
There are three basic tools of baseball: the ball, the bat, and the glove or mitt:
  • The baseball is about the size of an adult's fist, around 9 inches (23 centimeters) in circumference. It has a rubber or cork center, wound in yarn and covered in white cowhide, with red stitching.[81]
  • .
  • The bat is a hitting tool, traditionally made of a single, solid piece of wood; other materials are now commonly used for nonprofessional games.^ In a must win game on Sunday, Magglio Ordonez had 4 hits in 4 at-bats to help the Detroit Tigers defeat his former team, the Chicago White Sox.
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Richmond, who hit his third home run in as many games and sixth of the spring, is batting a gaudy .583 over the past three games and is hitting .411 for the season.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ The next day, we win 12-11 in a 5+ hour game that used 10 pitchers and generated 23 runs and 35 hits.

    It is a hard round stick, about 2.5 inches (6.4 centimeters) in diameter at the hitting end, tapering to a narrower handle and culminating in a knob. Bats used by adults are typically around 34 inches (86 centimeters) long, and not longer than 42 inches (106 centimeters).[82]
  • The glove or mitt is a fielding tool, made of padded leather with webbing between the fingers. .As an aid in catching and holding onto the ball, it takes various shapes to meet the specific needs of different fielding positions.^ Willis went back deep into the outfield from his second base position to catch two fly balls.
    • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

    [83]
Protective helmets are also standard equipment for all batters.[84]
.At the beginning of each half-inning, the nine players on the fielding team arrange themselves around the field.^ Saturday and one nine-inning game on Sunday beginning at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Sunday when it hosts North Arkansas College (4-2) for one nine-inning game at noon at Crowder Field.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The four-game series, which is tied at one game apiece, will resume on Saturday when the Lions host the Mountaineers for one nine-inning game beginning at 5 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.One of them, the pitcher, stands on the pitcher's mound; the pitcher begins the pitching delivery with one foot on the rubber, pushing off it to gain velocity when throwing toward home plate.^ Former NBA player Dennis Rodman was famous for taking off his jerseys and throwing them to the stands after his games were over.

^ So instead of throwing them both at home or both on the road, well throw one at home and one on the road.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ All but two Lions had at least one hit off two of the three Red Devils pitchers.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

Another player, the catcher, squats on the far side of home plate, facing the pitcher. .The rest of the team faces home plate, typically arranged as four infielders—who set up along or within a few yards outside the imaginary lines between first, second, and third base—and three outfielders.^ He was second on the team in home runs (9), third in doubles (10) and tied for first in triples (6).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Shore (1-0), Brock Bruacamontes and Aaron Edwards, who picked up the save, combined on a four-hitter.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.In the standard arrangement, there is a first baseman positioned several steps to the left of first base, a second baseman to the right of second base, a shortstop to the left of second base, and a third baseman to the right of third base.^ ABOVE: Shortstop Terrence Buchanan relays throw from second baseman Matt Hubbard to turn double play to end the eighth inning in Comets' 5-3 win at Mt.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Terrence Buchanan, who moved from second base to shortstop in the absence of the injured Tyler Saladino, fields grounder against Grossmont..
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Comets who previously signed or verbally committed are right-handed pitcher Bobby Shore (University of Oklahoma), shortstop Tyler Saladino (Oral Roberts), left-handed pitcher Shawn Sanford (San Diego State), third baseman Matt Hubbard (UC San Diego) and outfielder Anthony Renteria (UC San Diego).
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.The basic outfield positions are left fielder, center fielder, and right fielder.^ Center fielder Joey Winiecki of Bryant, Ark., followed with a RBI single to right field to push the Lions within one run of tying the game.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Fighting Scots had only three hits with shortstop Victor Melesio (1 for 3), left fielder Sean Wilson (1 for 3) and right fielder Paul Vargas (1 for 2) collecting all of the hits.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

A neutral umpire sets up behind the catcher.[85]
Awaiting a pitch: batter, catcher, and umpire
.Gameplay starts with a batter standing at home plate, holding a bat.^ Tim Deering, Centenary -- Batting .310 with 10 doubles, two triples, a home run and 24 RBIs as the Gents' starting second baseman.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.The batter waits for the pitcher to throw a pitch (the ball) toward home plate, and attempts to hit the ball with the bat.^ The ball that Mark McGwire hit for home-run number 62 in 1998, for example, was sold for over 1 million dollars.

^ Edelbrock came on in relief in the fourth inning against Bakersfield and threw four innings of one-hit, shutout ball, striking out seven batters.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Worbys long ball topped off a lengthy 10-pitch at-bat by the designated hitter.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.The catcher catches pitches that the batter does not hit—as a result of either electing not to swing or failing to connect—and returns them to the pitcher.^ The Cowboys sent 14 batters to the plate during the tumultuous inning, during which four Lions pitchers combined for three hits, five walks and three hit batters.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ SAC. BELOW LEFT: Bobby Shore, who threw a five-hit shutout, delivers a pitch to catcher B.K. Santy.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Lions gave their hurlers plenty of run support, battering three Cowboys pitchers with 13 hits.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.A batter who hits the ball into the field of play must drop the bat and begin running toward first base, at which point the player is referred to as a runner (or, until the play is over, a batter-runner).^ The first-year player draft will begin at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The ball that Mark McGwire hit for home-run number 62 in 1998, for example, was sold for over 1 million dollars.

^ Coleman (4-0) allowed one earned run on two hits, walked one and struck out two to earn the win, while Solberg earned his first save in as many opportunities.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.A batter-runner who reaches first base without being put out (see below) is said to be safe and is now on base.^ BELOW LEFT: Alfonso Casillas, who slugged his seventh home run and is now batting .402.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Starkes, who was the first batter Babcock faced with two runners on and two outs in the fourth inning, delivered the knockout blow for the Norsemen with a home run to top off the pivotal inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Lions, who won the series 3-1, finished 11-9 in conference play — one game out of first place.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.A batter-runner may choose to remain at first base or attempt to advance to second base or even beyond—however far the player believes can be reached safely.^ SAC runner to advanced past second base.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Next week I will be adding first base and second base to the rankings.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Alnas, playing center field, also gunned out a runner attempting to score from second on a single for the second game in a row.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.A player who reaches base despite proper play by the fielders has recorded a hit.^ Ervin worked around a one-out, bases-loaded walk and got Barnes to hit into a game-ending double play to earn the save.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Consuegra was forced out at second on a sacrifice bunt attempt by center fielder Brett Coffman, who reached safely on what turned into a fielders choice.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Huchingson, whos from Fayetteville, Ark., played double-duty for the Lions as left fielder and pitcher.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.A player who reaches first base safely on a hit is credited with a single.^ Winiecki, who leads the nation in hits, is a first team All-Region performer.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Consuegra was forced out at second on a sacrifice bunt attempt by center fielder Brett Coffman, who reached safely on what turned into a fielders choice.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Third baseman Tyler Tuthill had the only hit for the Cowboys, a lead-off single in the first inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.If a player makes it to second base safely as a direct result of a hit, it is a double; third base, a triple.^ He was second in doubles (11) and tied for second in triples (3).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ David Ring had a pinch-hit double and an RBI. Mitch Ferguson contributed a double and a stolen base.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Third baseman Colton West of Fayetteville, Ark., had two hits in the inning a RBI double and a two-RBI single.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.If the ball is hit in the air within the foul lines over the entire outfield (and outfield fence, if there is one), it is a home run: the batter and any runners on base may all freely circle the bases, each scoring a run.^ When they get on base, we have a tendency to score runs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ All but one of the Lions runs was unearned.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ All but one of the Lions runs was scored via a home run.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

This is the most desirable result for the batter. .A player who reaches base due to a fielding mistake is not credited with a hit—instead, the responsible fielder is charged with an error.^ Terrence Buchanan, who moved from second base to shortstop in the absence of the injured Tyler Saladino, fields grounder against Grossmont..
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Consuegra was forced out at second on a sacrifice bunt attempt by center fielder Brett Coffman, who reached safely on what turned into a fielders choice.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Babcock then hit designated hitter Michael Zurmehly to load the bases before striking out center fielder Zane Williams for the second out.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[86]
.Any runners already on base may attempt to advance on batted balls that land, or contact the ground, in fair territory, before or after the ball lands; a runner on first base must attempt to advance if a ball lands in play.^ Jordan Castaldo grounded to second baseman Jordan Sallis of Muskogee, Okla., who flipped the ball to first baseman Clay Washington of Little Rock, Ark., for the second out.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.If a ball hit into play rolls foul before passing through the infield, it becomes dead and any runners must return to the base they were at when the play began.^ Lions reliever Brandon Solberg of Conway, Ark., extinguished the Cowboys offensive outburst by getting Brandon Smith to hit into an inning-ending double play.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Ervin worked around a one-out, bases-loaded walk and got Barnes to hit into a game-ending double play to earn the save.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Lions (15-0) will return to action on Saturday when they travel to Carthage, Texas, to play host Panola College in a three-game, two-day series.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.If the ball is hit in the air and caught before it lands, the batter has flied out and any runners on base may attempt to advance only if they tag up or touch the base they were at when the play began, as or after the ball is caught.^ UA Fort Smith tagged three of the four Eastern hurlers with 15 hits, including five for extra bases.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith pounded out 17 hits three for extra bases.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.Runners may also attempt to advance to the next base while the pitcher is in the process of delivering the ball to home plate—a successful effort is a stolen base.^ Reece Alnas was 2-for-4 with a successful squeeze bunt, two RBIs and a stolen base.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Like too many Yankees game, the inability to get someone across home plate with no outs and the bases loaded.

^ He led the team with 30 stolen bases in 36 attempts and was ranked 11th in the nation.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[87]
.A pitch that is not hit into the field of play is called either a strike or a ball.^ Lions reliever Brandon Solberg of Conway, Ark., extinguished the Cowboys offensive outburst by getting Brandon Smith to hit into an inning-ending double play.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Strom threw six innings of two-hit ball, striking out four, before leaving the game with a 4-1 lead.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Ervin worked around a one-out, bases-loaded walk and got Barnes to hit into a game-ending double play to earn the save.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.A batter against whom three strikes are recorded strikes out.^ Lions starter Trent Daniel suffered the loss in four innings, allowing five runs on eight hits, walking three and striking out five.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ He retired the first 12 Citrus batters and wound up striking out seven batters as he improved to 10-1 on the season.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Edelbrock came on in relief in the fourth inning against Bakersfield and threw four innings of one-hit, shutout ball, striking out seven batters.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.A batter against whom four balls are recorded is awarded a base on balls or walk, a free advance to first base.^ Davidson allowed all four runs only two were earned in the first and third innings but held the Cowboys batters to a paltry .192 average.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Edelbrock came on in relief in the fourth inning against Bakersfield and threw four innings of one-hit, shutout ball, striking out seven batters.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Connors State only had seven hits three in the first inning alone but took full advantage of seven walks and three hit batters.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.(A batter may also freely advance to first base if any part of the batter's body or uniform is struck by a pitch before the batter either swings at it or it contacts the ground.^ Sam Jew (9-0) pitched the first seven innings of a combined three-hitter to advance to 9-0 on the season.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Huchingson gave up three RBI doubles to the first three batters he faced before getting the Lions out of the inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Fuller (2-0), who retired the first nine batters he faced, allowed two earned runs on six hits and struck out two before giving way to Huchingson.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

) .Crucial to determining balls and strikes is the umpire's judgment as to whether a pitch has passed through the strike zone, a conceptual area above home plate extending from the midpoint between the batter's shoulders and belt down to the hollow of the knee.^ When there are fewer than two outs and there is a force play at third, the batter who hits a fair fly ball that, in the umpire’s judgment may be caught by an infielder with ordinary effort, is out.

^ He throws three pitches for strikes and commands the zone.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[88]
A strike is called when one of the following happens:
.
  • The batter lets a well-pitched ball (one within the strike zone) go through to the catcher.
  • The batter swings at any ball (even one outside the strike zone) and misses.
  • The batter hits a foul ball—one that either initially lands in foul territory or initially lands within the diamond but moves into foul territory before passing first or third base.^ Coleman (4-0) allowed one earned run on two hits, walked one and struck out two to earn the win, while Solberg earned his first save in as many opportunities.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Davidson allowed all four runs only two were earned in the first and third innings but held the Cowboys batters to a paltry .192 average.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Huchingson gave up three RBI doubles to the first three batters he faced before getting the Lions out of the inning.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    .If there are already two strikes on the batter, a foul ball is not counted as a third strike; thus, a foul ball cannot result in the immediate strikeout of the batter.^ When there are fewer than two outs and there is a force play at third, the batter who hits a fair fly ball that, in the umpire’s judgment may be caught by an infielder with ordinary effort, is out.

    ^ Davidson allowed all four runs only two were earned in the first and third innings but held the Cowboys batters to a paltry .192 average.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Vaughn retired the two batters he faced to earn his third save.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    (There is an exception to this exception: a two-strike foul bunt is recorded as a third strike.)
.A ball is called when the pitcher throws a pitch that is outside the strike zone, provided the batter has not swung at it.^ He throws three pitches for strikes and commands the zone.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[88][89]
A shortstop tries to tag out a runner who is sliding headfirst, attempting to reach second base.
.While the team at bat is trying to score runs, the team in the field is attempting to record outs.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Connors State scored three runs with two outs in the fourth inning and three runs with two outs in the seventh inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes played in 48 games and batted a team-high .400 with 12 doubles, three triples, a team-high 11 home runs and a team-high 55 RBIs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

Among the various ways a member of the batting team may be put out, five are most common:
.
  • The strikeout: as described above, recorded against a batter who makes three strikes before putting the ball into play or being awarded a free advance to first base.
  • The flyout: as described above, recorded against a batter who hits a ball in the air that is caught by a fielder, whether in fair territory or foul territory, before it lands, whether or not the batter has run.
  • The ground out: recorded against a batter (in this case, batter-runner) who hits a ball that lands in fair territory which, before the batter-runner can reach first base, is retrieved by a fielder who touches first base while holding the ball or relays it to another fielder who touches first base while holding the ball.
  • The force out: recorded against a runner who is required to attempt to advance—either because the runner is on first base and a batted ball lands in fair territory, or because the runner immediately behind on the basepath is thus required to attempt to advance—but fails to reach the next base before a fielder touches the base while holding the ball.^ Vaughn faced three batters in the seventh, allowing one hit and striking out one.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Babcock hit the first batter he faced to force in a run but followed with two quick outs.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ The ball that Mark McGwire hit for home-run number 62 in 1998, for example, was sold for over 1 million dollars.

    The ground out is technically a special case of the force out.
  • The tag out: recorded against a runner who is touched by a fielder with the ball or a glove holding the ball, while the runner is not touching a base.
.It is possible to record two outs in the course of the same play—a double play; even three—a triple play—is possible, though this is very rare.^ Connors State scored three runs with two outs in the fourth inning and three runs with two outs in the seventh inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Lions starter Colin Fuller (2-1) suffered the loss, allowing 11 runs on 10 hits, walking three and striking out two.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Ervin worked around a one-out, bases-loaded walk and got Barnes to hit into a game-ending double play to earn the save.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.Players put out or retired must leave the field, returning to their team's dugout or bench.^ Coors Field and lasts 10 days, will offer injured Major League players and prospects a chance to be checked out and work out with the Major League staff.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.A runner may be stranded on base when a third out is recorded against another player on the team.^ Designated hitter Michael Jones singled in the third inning, and shortstop Arten White singled in the fourth inning for the Vikings, who left five runners stranded.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith had only five base runners and stranded two runners.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ But the Twins' right-hander, now 1-2, fooled Mark Teahen with a sinker, and the Royals never pushed another runner to third base, making a winner — after two decent, but unsuccessful, starts — of Bonser.

.Stranded runners do not benefit the team in its next turn at bat—every half-inning begins with the bases empty of runners.^ The two teams will wrap-up the three-game series on Sunday with a nine-inning game beginning at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith stranded 10 base runners.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Designated hitter Michael Jones singled in the third inning, and shortstop Arten White singled in the fourth inning for the Vikings, who left five runners stranded.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[90]
.An individual player's turn batting or plate appearance is complete when the player reaches base (or hits a home run), makes an out, or hits a ball that results in the team's third out, even if it is recorded against a teammate.^ The ball that Mark McGwire hit for home-run number 62 in 1998, for example, was sold for over 1 million dollars.

^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Lions starter Trent Daniel suffered the loss in four innings, allowing five runs on eight hits, walking three and striking out five.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.On rare occasions, a batter may be at the plate when, without the batter's hitting the ball, a third out is recorded against a teammate—for instance, a runner getting caught stealing (tagged out attempting to steal a base).^ Ervin worked around a one-out, bases-loaded walk and got Barnes to hit into a game-ending double play to earn the save.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Lions starter Colin Fuller of Cabot, Ark., started the inning and walked Kyle Fillier and hit Brad Shankle before recording an out.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith scored one run off Seminole reliever Jordan Clark, who allowed two hits and walked one without recording an out in the seventh inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.A batter with this sort of incomplete plate appearance starts off the team's next turn batting; any balls or strikes recorded against the batter the previous inning are erased.^ Davidson is 9-3 in 12 starts and boasts a 1.59 ERA. He leads the team with 105 strikeouts and is second in the nation in strikeouts per inning (1.6).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Vaughn, whos from Edmond, Okla., made 26 appearances, including two starts, and posted a 6-2 win-loss record with seven saves.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Even though the Lions have cooled off a bit offensively the past few weeks, they are still batting .370 as team.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.A runner may circle the bases only once per plate appearance and thus can score at most a single run per batting turn.^ When they get on base, we have a tendency to score runs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Beeler drove in the Pioneers only run with a two-out single in the third inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Lions won their sixth game in a row while scoring their most runs in a game this season.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.Once a player has completed a plate appearance, that player may not bat again until the eight other members of his team have all taken their turn at bat.^ Days until All Players may report: Approx.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ You often hear and read of great players and teams, but it’s not easy to piece them all together, particularly in trying to compare players from different eras.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ It may be time to turn your back on Niklas Backstrom.Dear RotoRob, I have eight wins and six losses in my 10-team Fantasy hockey league, putting me in fifth place.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The batting order is set before the game begins, and may not be altered except for substitutions. Once a player has been removed for a substitute, that player may not reenter the game. .Children's games often have more liberal substitution rules.^ No Lion had multiple hits as Lions coach Dale Harpenau substituted often in the later innings of the shortened game.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[91]
.If the designated hitter (DH) rule is in effect, each team has a tenth player whose sole responsibility is to bat (and run).^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Freshman designated hitter Justin Barnes of Yukon, Okla., leads the team in average (.399), home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Washington, who was an infielder and designated hitter a year ago, batted .387 with four doubles, one triple, one home run and 19 RBIs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.The DH takes the place of another player—almost invariably the pitcher—in the batting order, but does not field.^ The sheer joy of watching nine talented athletes take the field almost every day of summer, and the sheer bliss in February when Pitchers & Catchers finally report.

.Thus, even with the DH, each team still has a batting order of nine players and a fielding arrangement of nine players.^ We even got a chance to wave at Brian Cashman who was walking off the field with one of our favorite players, Doug Meintkiewicz.

^ We think Blakes going to be able to play in some sort of limited role as a DH or maybe even get on the field and play defensively for us, Harpenau said.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith is batting .326 as a team with nine players batting .300 or better.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[92]

Personnel

Player rosters

Relief pitchers warming up, overseen by a bullpen coach. A manager will often have both a right-handed and a left-handed reliever warm up to maximize his strategic options.
Roster, or squad, sizes differ between different leagues and different levels of organized play. .Major League Baseball teams maintain twenty-five-player active rosters.^ Nine former University of Arkansas - Fort Smith baseball players will continue their playing careers this fall at either four-year programs or in Major League Baseballs Minor League system.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Gentry later signed with the University of Arkansas and played two seasons before being drafted by Texas in the 10th round of the 2006 Major League Baseball First-Year Player Draft.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Aaron Davidson, a right-handed pitcher from Bryant, Ark., was drafted in the 31st round of the Major League Baseball First-Year Player Draft this past June by the San Francisco Giants and recently signed a pro contract.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

A typical twenty-five-man roster in a league without the DH rule, such as MLB's National League, features:[93]
  • eight position players—catcher, four infielders, three outfielders—who play on a regular basis
  • five starting pitchers who constitute the team's pitching rotation or starting rotation
  • six relief pitchers, including one specialist closer, who constitute the team's bullpen (named for the off-field area where pitchers warm up)
  • one backup, or substitute, catcher
  • two backup infielders
  • two backup outfielders
  • one specialist pinch hitter, or a second backup catcher, or a seventh reliever

Other personnel

.The manager, or head coach of a team, oversees the team's major strategic decisions, such as establishing the starting rotation, setting the lineup, or batting order, before each game, and making substitutions during games—in particular, bringing in relief pitchers.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ In a must win game on Sunday, Magglio Ordonez had 4 hits in 4 at-bats to help the Detroit Tigers defeat his former team, the Chicago White Sox.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He said: "Two blowouts by each team led to a game that was supposed to be a pitcher's duel.

.Managers are typically assisted by two or more coaches; they may have specialized responsibilities, such as working with players on hitting, fielding, pitching, or strength and conditioning.^ Clint Hurdle is busy in his new role as Rangers hitting coach, getting acclimated with the players and getting them acclimated with his goals.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith touched two of North Arkansas three pitchers for seven hits with starter Travis Bearden suffering the loss in three innings of work.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Reliever Mackenzie Been of Greenwood, Ark., got the Lions out of the inning and pitched 3 1/3 innings of solid relief, allowing one earned run on two hits, walking two and striking out two.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.At most levels of organized play, two coaches are stationed on the field when the team is at bat: the first base coach and third base coach, occupying designated coaches' boxes just outside the foul lines, assist in the direction of baserunners when the ball is in play, and relay tactical signals from the manager to batters and runners during pauses in play.^ The two teams will play a doubleheader beginning at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Trojans, will play the first of two games at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[94] .In contrast to many other team sports, baseball managers and coaches generally wear their team's uniforms; coaches must be in uniform in order to be allowed on the playing field during a game.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Don't humiliate the best manager in baseball, who has brought class, honor, and prestige to this team.

^ In a must win game on Sunday, Magglio Ordonez had 4 hits in 4 at-bats to help the Detroit Tigers defeat his former team, the Chicago White Sox.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[95]
.Any baseball game involves one or more umpires, who make rulings on the outcome of each play.^ The Lions, who won the series 3-1, finished 11-9 in conference play — one game out of first place.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Ervin worked around a one-out, bases-loaded walk and got Barnes to hit into a game-ending double play to earn the save.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith will return to nonconference play on Sunday when it travels to Neosho, Mo., to play one nine-inning game against Crowder College at 2 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

At a minimum, one umpire will stand behind the catcher, to have a good view of the strike zone, and call balls and strikes. .Additional umpires may be stationed near the other bases, thus making it easier to judge plays such as attempted force outs and tag outs.^ Huchingson then hit Tuthill and intentionally walked Degrace to load the bases for a possible force out at any base.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Ervin worked around a one-out, bases-loaded walk and got Barnes to hit into a game-ending double play to earn the save.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Consuegra was forced out at second on a sacrifice bunt attempt by center fielder Brett Coffman, who reached safely on what turned into a fielders choice.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.In Major League Baseball, four umpires are used for each game, one near each base.^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Eastern (36-15) took a 2-1 lead in the four-game Bi-State Conference series and improved to 11-8 in league play.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith 5, Connors State 4 (10 innings) GAME ONE A late-game replacement at second base, Matt Whiting made the most of his opportunity.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.In the playoffs, six umpires are used: one at each base and two in the outfield along the foul lines.^ Six Lions had at least one hit, but only first baseman Clay Washington of Little Rock, Ark., had multiple hits, going 2 for 5 with two RBIs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The first baseman was one of three Lions with multiple hits and accounted for two of the Lions six extra-base hits.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Frankfurth's two-run double was nullified when the plate umpire ruled he did not touch first base, after an appeal by Golden West.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

[96]

Strategy and tactics

.Many of the pre-game and in-game strategic decisions in baseball revolve around a fundamental fact: in general, right-handed batters tend to be more successful against left-handed pitchers and, to an even greater degree, left-handed batters tend to be more successful against right-handed pitchers.^ So it was just a decision based on what's best for our team.Ellsbury's arm is better suited for left, where he played a total of 80 games in 2007-08.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ While we both enjoyed the game, we were even more enthralled with the stadium itself, which takes advantage of a wonderful location on the edge of the Allegheny River.

^ Lions left fielder Adam Robertson of Rosebud, Ark., was 1 for 4 and crushed his second home run in as many games and his fifth of the year.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[97] .A manager with several left-handed batters in the regular lineup who knows the team will be facing a left-handed starting pitcher may respond by starting one or more of the right-handed backups on the team's roster.^ Right-handed pitcher Omar Aguilar was outrighted to Triple-A Nashville on Wednesday to reduce the Milwaukee Brewers' roster to 39 players.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Vikings starter Preston Guidry lasted only 2/3 of an inning and faced just five batters, Guidry, who was one of three Carl Albert pitchers, allowed four runs two earned on two hits and walked two in suffering the loss.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The pitch f/x strikezone stretches from about -0.8 ft to 0.8 ft in their coordinate system, so I defined the right edge (inside for righthanded batters) as -1.5 ft to -0.5 ft and the left edge as 0.5 ft to 1.5 ft (inside for lefthanded batters).
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.During the late innings of a game, as relief pitchers and pinch hitters are brought in, the opposing managers will often go back and forth trying to create favorable matchups with their substitutions: the manager of the fielding team trying to arrange same-handed pitcher-batter matchups, the manager of the batting team trying to arrange opposite-handed matchups.^ Babcock and struck out pinch hitter Mark Coachran to end the game.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Don't humiliate the best manager in baseball, who has brought class, honor, and prestige to this team.

.With a team that has the lead in the late innings, a manager may remove a starting position player—especially one whose turn at bat is not likely to come up again—for a more skillful fielder.^ "Was he one of the best players at his position at that time?"
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ When players come into the league, they either do or do not live up to their hype.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Babcock (5-0) allowed one run on four hits, walked three and struck out one to earn the win, while Vaughn earned his team-leading seventh save.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[98]

Pitching and fielding tactics

A first baseman receives a pickoff throw, as the runner dives back to first base.
.The tactical decision that precedes almost every play in a baseball game involves pitch selection.^ So it was just a decision based on what's best for our team.Ellsbury's arm is better suited for left, where he played a total of 80 games in 2007-08.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Rick has bought every baseball-related tech device known to man/womankind and faithfully scored the game on his PDA with amazing software.

.Among the wide variety of pitches that may be thrown, the four basic types are the fastball, the changeup (or off-speed pitch), and two breaking balls—the curveball and the slider.^ Carl Albert had seven hits off two Lions pitchers and scored all four of its runs in the bottom of the fifth inning, which was aided by the second of two Lions errors.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Worbys long ball topped off a lengthy 10-pitch at-bat by the designated hitter.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ He boasts a hard breaking ball with a fastball that tops out in the low 90 mile-an-hour range.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[99] Pitchers have different repertoires of pitches they are skillful at throwing. .Conventionally, before each pitch, the catcher signals the pitcher what type of pitch to throw, as well as its general vertical and/or horizontal location.^ The calendar has turned, and pitchers and catchers will be reporting before we know it (Feb.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[100] .If there is disagreement on the selection, the pitcher may shake off the sign and the catcher will call for a different pitch.^ There's a lengthy list of early 20th century pitchers who pitched complete games in both ends of a doubleheader.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.With a runner on base and taking a lead, the pitcher may attempt a pickoff, a quick throw to a fielder covering the base to keep the runner's lead in check or, optimally, effect a tag out.^ Working with another one-run lead to start the bottom of the 10th, Davidson flirted with trouble with three walks the last of which loaded the bases with two outs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Lions pounded out seven hits two for extra-bases but no Lion had multiple hits as three Vikings pitchers limited UA Fort Smiths offense.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Babcock then hit designated hitter Michael Zurmehly to load the bases before striking out center fielder Zane Williams for the second out.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.If an attempted stolen base is anticipated, the catcher may call for a pitchout, a ball thrown deliberately off the plate, allowing the catcher to catch it while standing and throw quickly to a base.^ He led the team with 30 stolen bases in 36 attempts and was ranked 11th in the nation.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Sallis drew a team-high 37 walks and, most importantly, had a team-high 38 stolen bases in 42 attempts.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[101] .Facing a batter with a strong tendency to hit to one side of the field, the fielding team may employ a shift, with most or all of the fielders moving to the left or right of their usual positions.^ Babcock (5-0) allowed one run on four hits, walked three and struck out one to earn the win, while Vaughn earned his team-leading seventh save.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ McKinney, a freshman from Spiro, Okla., allowed five runs all earned on seven hits and struck out one.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Richmond fell behind 0-1 in the count, but the right fielder took his next offering from Johnson well over the right field fence to give the Lions a four-run lead.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.With a runner on third base, the infielders may play in, moving closer to home plate to improve the odds of throwing out the runner on a ground ball, though a sharply hit grounder is more likely to carry through a drawn-in infield.^ Guys like playing behind him because they know theyre going to get ground balls and hes going to throw strikes and give the defense a chance to make plays.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Ervin worked around a one-out, bases-loaded walk and got Barnes to hit into a game-ending double play to earn the save.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Steves more of a strike-thrower and a ground-ball kind of guy.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[102]

Batting and baserunning tactics

A batter squares to bunt, moving his hands up the barrel of the bat to increase his control and deaden the ball on impact.
.Several basic offensive tactics come into play with a runner on first base, including the fundamental choice of whether to attempt a steal of second base.^ Lions reliever Brandon Solberg of Conway, Ark., extinguished the Cowboys offensive outburst by getting Brandon Smith to hit into an inning-ending double play.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Next week I will be adding first base and second base to the rankings.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Alnas, playing center field, also gunned out a runner attempting to score from second on a single for the second game in a row.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.The hit and run is sometimes employed with a skillful contact hitter: the runner takes off with the pitch drawing the shortstop or second baseman over to second base, creating a gap in the infield for the batter to poke the ball through.^ The ball that Mark McGwire hit for home-run number 62 in 1998, for example, was sold for over 1 million dollars.

^ Duke (1 for 3), Beeler (1 for 3) and shortstop Mark Turpin (1 for 2) were the only Pioneers to get a hit off Pratt.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Trojans first baseman David Chester delivered the big hit in the inning, belting a three-run home run off Coleman.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[103] .The sacrifice bunt calls for the batter to focus on making contact with the ball so that it rolls a short distance into the infield, allowing the runner to advance into scoring position even at the expense of the batter being thrown out at first—a batter who succeeds is credited with a sacrifice.^ Coleman (4-0) allowed one earned run on two hits, walked one and struck out two to earn the win, while Solberg earned his first save in as many opportunities.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Davidson allowed all four runs only two were earned in the first and third innings but held the Cowboys batters to a paltry .192 average.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Daniel, whos from Bryant, Ark., allowed six runs four earned on six hits, walked three and struck out seven.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.(A batter, particularly one who is a fast runner, may also attempt to bunt for a hit.^ Consuegra was forced out at second on a sacrifice bunt attempt by center fielder Brett Coffman, who reached safely on what turned into a fielders choice.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ When there are fewer than two outs and there is a force play at third, the batter who hits a fair fly ball that, in the umpire’s judgment may be caught by an infielder with ordinary effort, is out.

^ May, who was 2 for 3, and Brandon Gargus, who was 2 for 4, were the only Vikings with multiple hits off Fuller.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

) .A sacrifice bunt employed with a runner on third base, aimed at bringing that runner home, is known as a squeeze play.^ A sacrifice bunt by second baseman Jordan Sallis of Muskogee, Okla., moved the runners into scoring position.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[104] .With a runner on third and fewer than two outs, a batter may instead concentrate on hitting a fly ball that, even if it is caught, will be deep enough to allow the runner to tag up and score—a successful batter in this case gets credit for a sacrifice fly.^ Houser allowed six hits, walked two and struck out two.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ When there are fewer than two outs and there is a force play at third, the batter who hits a fair fly ball that, in the umpire’s judgment may be caught by an infielder with ordinary effort, is out.

^ DeGrace stole third and scored on a sacrifice fly by Justin Worby.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[102] .The manager will sometimes signal a batter who is ahead in the count (i.e., has more balls than strikes) to take, or not swing at, the next pitch.^ Steves more of a strike-thrower and a ground-ball kind of guy.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ When there are fewer than two outs and there is a force play at third, the batter who hits a fair fly ball that, in the umpire’s judgment may be caught by an infielder with ordinary effort, is out.

[105]

Distinctive elements

.Baseball has certain attributes that set it apart from the other popular team sports in the countries where it is has a following, games such as American and Canadian football, basketball, ice hockey, and soccer.^ Many items used by famous sports stars or at a famous event have been sold for many dollars at auctions such as Sotheby's and others.

^ The Heartland Conference sponsors six mens sports cross country, soccer, basketball, baseball, golf and tennis and seven womens sports cross country, soccer, volleyball, basketball, golf, softball and tennis.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ We have a vast selection of World Series Memorabilia , NY Giants Super Bowl XLII (42) Memorabilia , Golf Memorabilia and Rare Sports Autographs including Autographed Helmets, Autographed Jerseys, Signed Photographs, Autographed Baseballs, Autographed Footballs, Autographed Basketballs, Autographed Bats, Game Used Sports Memorabilia and Framed Sports Collectibles.

.All of these sports use a clock; in all of them, gameplay is less individual and more collective; and in none of them is the variation between playing fields nearly as substantial or important.^ We guarantee all SIGNED Sports Collectibles for life.

^ The sports collectibles market today is a multi-billion dollar industry that consists of much more than just trading cards.

^ Sports memorabilia, sports collectibles, autographed sports collectibles, signed sports memorabilia, pro sports collectibles, sports autographs, pro sports memorabilia, authentic sports autographs, authenticated sports collectibles, collectible sports memorabilia, baseball memorabilia, football memorabilia ....whichever phrase you use shall lead you to our website.

The comparison between cricket and baseball demonstrates that many of baseball's distinctive elements are shared in various ways with its cousin sport.

No clock to kill

.In clock-limited sports, games often end with a team that holds the lead killing the clock rather than competing aggressively against the opposing team.^ The lineup often read like a 1970s All-Star team, and the Phils usually had more members of the Big Red Machine in their lineup than Cincinnati did.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He got pinch hitter Kyle Sisney to ground into a double play to end the inning and post his team-leading sixth save.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ It was his 28th career save against the Royals, more than against any other team.

.In contrast, baseball has no clock; a team cannot win without getting the last batter out and rallies are not constrained by time.^ Mountaineers reliever Jeff Scardino, who was the last of seven Eastern pitchers, earned the win, allowing no runs on one hit, walking one and striking out two in 2 1/3 innings.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Huchingson gave up three RBI doubles to the first three batters he faced before getting the Lions out of the inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Babcock (5-0) allowed one run on four hits, walked three and struck out one to earn the win, while Vaughn earned his team-leading seventh save.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.At almost any turn in any baseball game, the most advantageous strategy is some form of aggressive strategy.^ Teri McCarron (aka Jersey Girl) and her sweetie Teddy Lindgren were in fine form, and Teri and the Parrott almost eloped by the end of the game.

^ What it feels like, the most, is the reassuring words oft-repeated during the season by Yankees commentators: "Baseball is a game of failure."

[106] .In contrast, again, the clock comes into play even in the case of multi-day Test and first-class cricket: the possibility of a draw often encourages a team that is batting last and well behind to bat defensively, giving up any faint chance at a win to avoid a loss.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ I would take a few shots at the BCS. I would say that greed was behind it even though I could not quite pinpoint where the greed was coming from.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ In a must win game on Sunday, Magglio Ordonez had 4 hits in 4 at-bats to help the Detroit Tigers defeat his former team, the Chicago White Sox.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[107] Baseball offers no such reward for conservative batting.
.While nine innings has been the standard since the beginning of professional baseball, the duration of the average major league game has increased steadily through the years.^ Saturday and one nine-inning game on Sunday beginning at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Bud Selig has formed a committee of 14 people to look at ways of "improving" Major League Baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Nine former University of Arkansas - Fort Smith baseball players will continue their playing careers this fall at either four-year programs or in Major League Baseballs Minor League system.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.At the turn of the twentieth century, games typically took an hour and a half to play.^ Then, the Trojans took their turn in the second game.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Eastern (36-15) took a 2-1 lead in the four-game Bi-State Conference series and improved to 11-8 in league play.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith 5, North Arkansas 1 GAME ONE Sophomore Jordan Pratt allowed just one run in a complete-game effort as the Lions took the opening game, which took about an hour and a half to play.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.In the 1920s, they averaged just less than two hours, which eventually ballooned to 2:38 in 1960.[108] By 1997, the average American League game lasted 2:57 (National League games were about 10 minutes shorter—pitchers at the plate making for quicker outs than designated hitters).^ A Hall of Fame Pitcher & A Hall of Fame Hitter Talk About How the Game is Played, by Bob Gibson and Reggie Jackson with Lonnie Wheeler (Doubleday, 2009) When I first heard about this book, I immediately wondered, who had the bigger ego?
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ In typical Babcock fashion, he struck out the last two batters he faced to give the Lions a chance to win the game in the bottom of the seventh.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Freshman designated hitter Justin Barnes of Yukon, Okla., leads the team in average (.399), home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[109] .In 2004, Major League Baseball declared that its goal was an average game of merely 2:45.[108] The lengthening of games is attributed to longer breaks between half-innings for television commercials, increased offense, more pitching changes, and a slower pace of play with pitchers taking more time between each delivery, and batters stepping out of the box more frequently.^ George May was utterly gracious when I ran out of time and had to take a raincheck for a phone briefing on the lastest developments at West km.

^ In typical Babcock fashion, he struck out the last two batters he faced to give the Lions a chance to win the game in the bottom of the seventh.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith scored three runs in the first inning and that was more than enough offense for the trio of Lions pitchers.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[108][109] Other leagues have experienced similar issues; in 2008, Nippon Professional Baseball took steps aimed at shortening games by 12 minutes from the preceding decade's average of 3:18.[110]

Individual focus

.For a team sport, baseball places individual players under unusual scrutiny and pressure.^ Here's what we think.If You Don’t Dream About Baseball, Then Baseball is NOT Your DreamThe players that cared and performed well on teams are what we call diamond dogs.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Gonzalez was the dream date, to be sure, but Jed Hoyer is really under no pressure at this time to unload his team's biggest and most bargain-priced star.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ As always, we vote not just on players currently eligible for Hall of Fame voting under baseball’s arcane eligibility rules, but for any and all players retired at least five years and not currently in the Hall of Fame.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.In 1915, a baseball instructional manual pointed out that every single pitch, of which there are often more than two hundred in a game, involves an individual, one-on-one contest: "the pitcher and the batter in a battle of wits".[111] Contrasting the game with both football and basketball, scholar Michael Mandelbaum argues that "baseball is the one closest in evolutionary descent to the older individual sports".[112] Pitcher, batter, and fielder all act essentially independent of each other.^ (I was there for every pitch.

^ Mountaineers reliever Jeff Scardino, who was the last of seven Eastern pitchers, earned the win, allowing no runs on one hit, walking one and striking out two in 2 1/3 innings.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Beeler drove in the Pioneers only run with a two-out single in the third inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

While coaching staffs can signal pitcher or batter to pursue certain tactics, the execution of the play itself is a series of solitary acts. .If the batter hits a line drive, the outfielder is solely responsible for deciding to try to catch it or play it on the bounce and for succeeding or failing.^ However, he left the game after facing just one batter in the second inning when he took a line drive off the arm.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

The statistical precision of baseball is both facilitated by this isolation and reinforces it. As described by Mandelbaum,
It is impossible to isolate and objectively assess the contribution each [football] team member makes to the outcome of the play.... [E]very basketball player is interacting with all of his teammates all the time. .In baseball, by contrast, every player is more or less on his own....^ Every young man who has played for coach Harpenau has come away a better player and, more importantly, a better overall person.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

Baseball is therefore a realm of complete transparency and total responsibility. A baseball player lives in a glass house, and in a stark moral universe.... Everything that every player does is accounted for and everything accounted for is either good or bad, right or wrong.[113]
.Cricket is more similar to baseball than many other team sports in this regard: while the individual focus in cricket is mitigated by the importance of the batting partnership and the practicalities of tandem running, it is enhanced by the fact that a batsman may occupy the wicket for an hour or much more.^ The relatively low-budgeted St. Louis Cardinals increased their ability to compete with other clubs in the 1920s, 30s, and 40s with as many as 40 affiliated teams.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The sports collectibles market today is a multi-billion dollar industry that consists of much more than just trading cards.

^ UA Fort Smith scored three runs in the first inning and that was more than enough offense for the trio of Lions pitchers.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.There is no statistical equivalent in cricket for the fielding error and thus less emphasis on personal responsibility in this area of play.^ Washingtons highlight-reel play atoned for a fielding error he made early in the inning that helped prolong the inning.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[114]

Uniqueness of each baseball park

Unlike those of most sports, baseball playing fields can vary significantly in size and shape. .While the dimensions of the infield are specifically regulated, the only constraint on outfield size and shape for professional teams following the rules of Major League and Minor League Baseball is that fields built or remodeled since June 1, 1958, must have a minimum distance of 325 feet (99 m) from home plate to the fences in left and right field and 400 feet (122 m) to center.^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Richmond fell behind 0-1 in the count, but the right fielder took his next offering from Johnson well over the right field fence to give the Lions a four-run lead.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Bud Selig has formed a committee of 14 people to look at ways of "improving" Major League Baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[115] .Major league teams often skirt even this rule.^ Kiki Cuyler played for four teams over an 18-year major league career.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.For example, at Minute Maid Park, which became the home of the Houston Astros in 2000, the Crawford Boxes in left field are only 315 feet (96 m) from home plate.^ Catcher Brady White was 2 for 2 with a home run and three RBIs, third baseman Casey McCollum was 3 for 5 with two RBIs, Klusak was 3 for 4 with a home run and two RBIs and left fielder Houston Slemp was 1 for 4 with a home run.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ I am soooooooooo lucky that I got tickets, (long story, involving perseverance and a 15 minute TicketMaster screwup) -- and not just tickets, but GREAT seats half way up the Tier just to the left of home plate.

[116] .There are no rules at all that address the height of fences or other structures at the edge of the outfield.^ Then again, the magic of baseball is that when it all comes down to the last games, there are no guarantees, no matter how good the team.

.The most famously idiosyncratic outfield boundary is the left-field wall at Boston's Fenway Park, in use since 1912: the Green Monster is 310 feet (94 m) from home plate down the line and 37 feet (11 m) tall.^ After spending the last five seasons in spacious Safeco Field in Seattle, Beltre is now looking forward to smacking doubles off of the Green Monster in Boston.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The 6-4 left-hander walked 11 and struck out 41 during 37 innings.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Like most multi-purpose stadiums, the outfield seats were far from the field.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[117]
.
View of Fenway Park, home of the Boston Red Sox, from behind third base.
^ Prior to Wednesdays game against the Toronto Blue Jays, the Rangers were 4 games behind the American League West Division leader Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim and 3 games behind the Boston Red Sox in the AL Wildcard race.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ After a fantastic dinner and a terrific home-run-filled bashing of the Red Sox, it was time to get back to Manhattan.

^ Boston Red Sox 2007 World Series .

The Green Monster is visible at the far left.
.Similarly, there are no regulations at all concerning the dimensions of foul territory.^ Then again, the magic of baseball is that when it all comes down to the last games, there are no guarantees, no matter how good the team.

.Thus a foul fly ball may be entirely out of play in a park with little space between the foul lines and the stands, but a flyout in a park with more expansive foul ground.^ Steves more of a strike-thrower and a ground-ball kind of guy.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ When there are fewer than two outs and there is a force play at third, the batter who hits a fair fly ball that, in the umpire’s judgment may be caught by an infielder with ordinary effort, is out.

^ Early on, (Barnes) seems to be a guy who is going to be a threat to hit the ball out of the park with each at-bat, Harpenau said.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[118] .A fence in foul territory that is close to the outfield line will tend to direct balls that strike it back toward the fielders, while one that is farther away may actually prompt more collisions, as outfielders run full speed to field balls deep in the corner; these variations can make the difference between a double and a triple or inside-the-park home run.^ The ball that Mark McGwire hit for home-run number 62 in 1998, for example, was sold for over 1 million dollars.

^ The Mountaineers added one more run off Babcock, which was charged to Pratt, but were held scoreless the final four innings.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ McKinney batted .364 with eight home runs, four doubles, four triples and 25 RBIs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[119] The surface of the field is also unregulated. .While the diagram in the Rules and gameplay section above shows a traditional field surfacing arrangement (and the one used by virtually all MLB teams with naturally surfaced fields), teams are free to decide what areas will be grassed or bare.^ Walk-ons are encouraged to contact the coaching staff and make arrangements to try out for the team.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[120] Some fields—including several in MLB—use an artificial surface, such as AstroTurf. Surface variations can have a significant effect on how ground balls behave and are fielded as well as on baserunning. .Similarly, the presence of a roof (seven major league teams play in stadiums with permanent or retractable roofs) can greatly affect how fly balls are played.^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He also played for and managed the New York Yankees and managed the Boston Red Sox in his final year in major league baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ From 1931 to 1947, Billy Herman played for four different major league baseball teams: Chicago Cubs, Brooklyn Dodgers, Boston Braves, and his final year with the Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[121] .While football and soccer players deal with similar variations of field surface and stadium covering, the size and shape of their fields are much more standardized; the area out-of-bounds on a football or soccer field does not affect gameplay the way foul territory in baseball does, so variations in that regard are largely insignificant.^ Not much going on these days at snow-covered Kauffman Stadium.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Thursday at Bill Doenges Stadium in Bartlesville, Okla., but the tournament field may be more muddled than its ever been.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ February baseball has a way of bringing out the best and worst of teams.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[122]
These physical variations create a distinctive set of playing conditions at each ballpark. Other local factors, such as altitude and climate, can also significantly affect gameplay. .A given stadium may acquire a reputation as a pitcher's park or a hitter's park, if one or the other discipline notably benefits from its unique mix of elements.^ And the Mets have other needs - somebody after Johan Santana in the rotation would seem to help a lot more, especially in a pitcher's park like Citi Field.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The hitter has serious power, but you’re not sure how well the power will translate from their hitters’ park to your team’s pitchers’ park.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Eugene suggested that taking a risk on a hitter who has previously performed could be one of the keys to the kingdom:Taking risks on previously injured players may be part of Stage 4.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The most exceptional park in this regard is Coors Field, home of the Colorado Rockies. Its high altitude—5,282 feet (1,610 m) above sea level—is responsible for giving it the strongest hitter's park effect in the major leagues.[123] .Wrigley Field, home of the Chicago Cubs, is known for its fickle disposition: a hitter's park when the strong winds off Lake Michigan are blowing out, it becomes more of a pitcher's park when they are blowing in.^ The Norsemen pounded out 15 hits off five UA Fort Smith pitchers.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ I'm trying to find out more about my readers during this off-season so that I can better "serve" you in the 2010 season.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The hitter has serious power, but you’re not sure how well the power will translate from their hitters’ park to your team’s pitchers’ park.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[124] .The absence of a standardized field affects not only how particular games play out, but the nature of team rosters and players' statistical records.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Robertson, whos from Searcy, Ark., played in 46 games, batted .353 and led the team in doubles (14).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Winiecki, whos from Bryant, Ark., only played in 25 games after his season was cut short because of injury but was third on the team in batting average (.366) and second in steals (19).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.For example, hitting a fly ball 330 feet (100 m) into right field might result in a easy catch on the warning track at one park, and a home run at another.^ Coleman (4-0) allowed one earned run on two hits, walked one and struck out two to earn the win, while Solberg earned his first save in as many opportunities.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Trojans first baseman David Chester delivered the big hit in the inning, belting a three-run home run off Coleman.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ AP Photo Andre Dawson connects for one of his 438 home runs early in 1989 at Wrigley Field in Chicago.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.A team that plays in a park with a relatively short right field, such as the New York Yankees, will tend to stock its roster with left-handed pull hitters, who can best exploit it.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Winiecki, whos from Bryant, Ark., only played in 25 games after his season was cut short because of injury but was third on the team in batting average (.366) and second in steals (19).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ So it was just a decision based on what's best for our team.Ellsbury's arm is better suited for left, where he played a total of 80 games in 2007-08.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.On the individual level, a player who spends most of his career with a team that plays in a hitter's park will gain an advantage in batting statistics over time—even more so if his talents are especially suited to the park.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Here's what we think.If You Don’t Dream About Baseball, Then Baseball is NOT Your DreamThe players that cared and performed well on teams are what we call diamond dogs.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Winiecki, whos from Bryant, Ark., only played in 25 games after his season was cut short because of injury but was third on the team in batting average (.366) and second in steals (19).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[125]

Statistics

.Organized baseball lends itself to statistics to a greater degree than many other sports.^ When sports memorabilia reaches the point where it can be considered a "collection," its combined worth is greater than the sum of its parts.

^ As years passed and many other sports stars joined their sports, sports memorabilia collectors also began to broaden their horizons.

^ Many items used by famous sports stars or at a famous event have been sold for many dollars at auctions such as Sotheby's and others.

Each play is discrete and has a relatively small number of possible outcomes. In the late nineteenth century, a former cricket player, English-born Henry Chadwick of Brooklyn, New York, was responsible for the "development of the box score, tabular standings, the annual baseball guide, the batting average, and most of the common statistics and tables used to describe baseball."[126] The statistical record is so central to the game's "historical essence" that Chadwick came to be known as Father Baseball.[126] In the 1920s, American newspapers began devoting more and more attention to baseball statistics, initiating what journalist and historian Alan Schwarz describes as a "tectonic shift in sports, as intrigue that once focused mostly on teams began to go to individual players and their statistics lines."[127]
.The Official Baseball Rules administered by Major League Baseball require the official scorer to categorize each baseball play unambiguously.^ Nine former University of Arkansas - Fort Smith baseball players will continue their playing careers this fall at either four-year programs or in Major League Baseballs Minor League system.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Gentry later signed with the University of Arkansas and played two seasons before being drafted by Texas in the 10th round of the 2006 Major League Baseball First-Year Player Draft.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ David Wright & Derek Jeter Dual Autographed Official Major League Baseball » Read more .

The rules provide detailed criteria to promote consistency. .The score report is the official basis for both the box score of the game and the relevant statistical records.^ Fillier and Shankle eventually both scored to tie the game at eight runs apiece.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[128] General managers, managers, and baseball scouts use statistics to evaluate players and make strategic decisions.
Rickey Henderson—the major leagues' all-time leader in runs and stolen bases—stealing third base in a 1988 game.
.Certain traditional statistics are familiar to most baseball fans.^ The scorecards can be used when keeping score while following traditional ‘fan’ systems, as explained in my Baseball Basics for Brits guide.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

The basic batting statistics include:[129]
  • At bats: plate appearances, excluding walks and hit by pitches—where the batter's ability is not fully tested—and sacrifices and sacrifice flies—where the batter intentionally makes an out in order to advance one or more baserunners
  • Hits: times reached base because of a batted, fair ball without fielding error or fielder's choice
  • Runs: times circling the bases and reaching home safely
  • Runs batted in (RBIs): number of runners who scored due to a batter's action (including the batter, in the case of a home run), except when batter grounded into double play or reached on an error
  • Home runs: hits on which the batter successfully touched all four bases, without the contribution of a fielding error
  • Batting average: hits divided by at bats—the traditional measure of batting ability
The basic baserunning statistics include:[130]
  • Stolen bases: times advancing to the next base entirely due to the runner's own efforts, generally while the pitcher is preparing to deliver or delivering the ball
  • Caught stealing: times tagged out while attempting to steal a base
Cy Young—the holder of many major league career marks, including wins and innings pitched, as well as losses—in 1908. MLB's annual awards for the best pitcher in each league are named for Young.
The basic pitching statistics include:[131]
  • Wins: games where pitcher was pitching while his team took a lead that it never relinquished, going on to win
  • Losses: games where pitcher was pitching while the opposing team took a lead that it never relinquished, going on to win
  • Saves: games where the pitcher enters a game led by the pitcher's team, finishes the game without surrendering the lead, is not the winning pitcher, and either (a) the lead was three runs or less when the pitcher entered the game; (b) the potential tying run was on base, at bat, or on deck; or (c) the pitcher pitched three or more innings
  • Innings pitched: outs recorded while pitching divided by three
  • Strikeouts: times pitching three strikes to a batter
  • Winning percentage: wins divided by decisions (wins plus losses)
  • Earned run average (ERA): runs allowed, excluding those resulting from fielding errors, per nine innings pitched
The basic fielding statistics include:[132]
  • Putouts: times the fielder catches a fly ball, tags or forces out a runner, or otherwise directly effects an out
  • Assists: times a putout by another fielder was recorded following the fielder touching the ball
  • Errors: times the fielder fails to make a play that should have been made with common effort, and the batting team benefits as a result
  • Total chances: putouts plus assists plus errors
  • Fielding average: successful chances (putouts plus assists) divided by total chances
Among the many other statistics that are kept are those collectively known as situational statistics. For example, statistics can indicate which specific pitchers a certain batter performs best against. .If a given situation statistically favors a certain batter, the manager of the fielding team may be more likely to change pitchers or have the pitcher intentionally walk the batter in order to face one who is less likely to succeed.^ Mountaineers reliever Jeff Scardino, who was the last of seven Eastern pitchers, earned the win, allowing no runs on one hit, walking one and striking out two in 2 1/3 innings.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ And the Mets have other needs - somebody after Johan Santana in the rotation would seem to help a lot more, especially in a pitcher's park like Citi Field.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Vikings starter Preston Guidry lasted only 2/3 of an inning and faced just five batters, Guidry, who was one of three Carl Albert pitchers, allowed four runs two earned on two hits and walked two in suffering the loss.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[133]

Sabermetrics

.Sabermetrics refers to the field of baseball statistical study and the development of new statistics and analytical tools.^ As we always have, we have a number of new card sets in development for Baseball Boss.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Baseball News Sabermetric .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The term is also used to refer directly to new statistics themselves.^ The term sports memorabilia usually refers to anything that can be directly connected to a sports event or personality.

.The term was coined around 1980 by one of the field's leading proponents, Bill James, and derives from the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR).^ The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract by Bill James (Free Press, 2003), 1008 pages The history of baseball can be both fascinating and bewildering to British fans.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Book Review: The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[134]
The growing popularity of sabermetrics since the early 1980s has brought more attention to two batting statistics that sabermetricians argue are much better gauges of a batter's skill than batting average:[135]
  • On-base percentage measures a batter's ability to get on base. It is calculated by taking the sum of the batter's successes in getting on base (hits plus walks plus hit by pitches) and dividing that by the batter's total plate appearances (at bats plus walks plus hit by pitches plus sacrifice flies), except for sacrifice bunts.[136]
  • Slugging percentage measures a batter's ability to hit for power. .It is calculated by taking the batter's total bases (one per each single, two per double, three per triple, and four per home run) and dividing that by the batter's at bats.^ McKinney batted .364 with eight home runs, four doubles, four triples and 25 RBIs.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ The first baseman batted .360 with two doubles, two triples and three home runs during the six-game stretch.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Whiting batted .321 with one triple, 16 RBIs and two stolen bases.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    [137]
Some of the new statistics devised by sabermetricians have gained wide use:
  • On-base plus slugging (OPS) measures a batter's overall ability. It is calculated by adding the batter's on-base percentage and slugging percentage.[138]
  • .
  • Walks plus hits per inning pitched (WHIP) measures a pitcher's ability at preventing hitters from reaching base.^ Lions starter Trent Daniel suffered the loss in four innings, allowing five runs on eight hits, walking three and striking out five.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Mountaineers reliever Jeff Scardino, who was the last of seven Eastern pitchers, earned the win, allowing no runs on one hit, walking one and striking out two in 2 1/3 innings.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Carlin (5-1) allowed three earned runs on seven hits, walked three and struck out six in five innings.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    It is calculated exactly as its name suggests.[139]

Popularity and cultural impact

Writing in 1919, philosopher Morris Raphael Cohen described baseball as America's national religion.[140] In the words of sports columnist Jayson Stark, baseball has long been "a unique paragon of American culture"—a status he sees as devastated by the steroid abuse scandal.[141] .Baseball has an important place in other national cultures as well: Scholar Peter Bjarkman describes "how deeply the sport is ingrained in the history and culture of a nation such as Cuba, [and] how thoroughly it was radically reshaped and nativized in Japan."^ To change these aspects of baseball would just make baseball like other sports and in turn would draw in "casual" fans and alienate true baseball fans.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[142] Since the early 1980s, the Dominican Republic, in particular the city of San Pedro de Macorís, has been the major leagues' primary source of foreign talent.[143] .Both the local winter league and major league ball are closely followed in Puerto Rico; major league Hall-of-Famer Roberto Clemente remains one of the greatest national heroes in the island's history.^ Marlins close in on Puerto Rico series .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Here they are: One MLB official says the Matt Holliday deal may end up as "one of the worst deals in major league history" because the Cardinals were apparently bidding against themselves.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Carlos Delgado hit a homer in the Puerto Rican Winter League yesterday, according to Rhett Bollinger of MLB.com.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[144] .In the Western Hemisphere, baseball is also one of the leading sports in Canada, Colombia, Mexico, the Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, and Venezuela.^ Sports memorabilia, sports collectibles, autographed sports collectibles, signed sports memorabilia, pro sports collectibles, sports autographs, pro sports memorabilia, authentic sports autographs, authenticated sports collectibles, collectible sports memorabilia, baseball memorabilia, football memorabilia ....whichever phrase you use shall lead you to our website.

.In Asia, it is among the most popular sports in South Korea and Taiwan.^ Most of the time, expect to pay a fair price for popular sport collectibles.

.The major league game in the United States was originally targeted toward a middle-class, white-collar audience: relative to other spectator pastimes, the National League's set ticket price of 50 cents in 1876 was high, while the location of playing fields outside the inner city and the workweek daytime scheduling of games were also obstacles to a blue-collar audience.^ The game was originally scheduled for a 2 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[145] A century later, the situation was very different. .With the rise in popularity of other team sports with much higher average ticket prices—football, basketball, and hockey—professional baseball had become among the most blue-collar-oriented of leading American spectator sports.^ Sports memorabilia, sports collectibles, autographed sports collectibles, signed sports memorabilia, pro sports collectibles, sports autographs, pro sports memorabilia, authentic sports autographs, authenticated sports collectibles, collectible sports memorabilia, baseball memorabilia, football memorabilia ....whichever phrase you use shall lead you to our website.

^ It's a start for the most disappointing team in the majors last season, who had the second-highest payroll in baseball and went 70-92.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ To change these aspects of baseball would just make baseball like other sports and in turn would draw in "casual" fans and alienate true baseball fans.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[146]
.In recent years, baseball's position compared to football in the United States has moved in contradictory directions.^ Four University of Arkansas - Fort Smith baseball players signed national letters-of-intent with four-year programs during the recent early signing period.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ UNITED STATES – 2009 College World Series champion LSU Tigers attracted 394,068 fans last year, the most in Division I baseball, according to the 2009 Attendance Numbers released by the NCAA earlier this week.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ UNITED STATS – USSSA (United States Specialty Sports Association) is offering a great opportunity for baseball clubs around the world – an international baseball tournament in Orlando, Florida.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.In 2008, Major League Baseball set a revenue record of $6.5 billion, matching the NFL's revenue for the first time in decades.^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ All Sports Memorabilia in our inventory is obtained directly from the largest and most respected distributers of Sports Collectibles in the U.S.A. We carry both autographed and unsigned sports collectibles from Major League Baseball, NFL, NBA, NHL, and Golf .

^ Bud Selig has formed a committee of 14 people to look at ways of "improving" Major League Baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[147] .On the other hand, the percentage of American sports fans polled who named baseball as their favorite sport was 16%, compared to pro football at 31%; in 1985, the respective figures were pro football 24%, baseball 23%.^ Sports memorabilia, sports collectibles, autographed sports collectibles, signed sports memorabilia, pro sports collectibles, sports autographs, pro sports memorabilia, authentic sports autographs, authenticated sports collectibles, collectible sports memorabilia, baseball memorabilia, football memorabilia ....whichever phrase you use shall lead you to our website.

^ To change these aspects of baseball would just make baseball like other sports and in turn would draw in "casual" fans and alienate true baseball fans.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ By extension they also argue against the need for a salary cap-like system in MLB, something the other major American sports all possess.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[148] .Because there are so many more major league baseball games played, there is no comparison in overall attendance.^ Chance began his major league baseball career in 1898 with the Chicago Cubs, but he only played partial seasons until 1903.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Eastern (36-15) took a 2-1 lead in the four-game Bi-State Conference series and improved to 11-8 in league play.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Bud Selig has formed a committee of 14 people to look at ways of "improving" Major League Baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.In 2008, total attendance at major league games was the second-highest in history: 78.6 million, 0.7% off the record set the previous year.^ He also played for and managed the New York Yankees and managed the Boston Red Sox in his final year in major league baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ It's a start for the most disappointing team in the majors last season, who had the second-highest payroll in baseball and went 70-92.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He finished out the last year of his major league career in 1941 with the New York Giants.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[61] .Attendance at games held under the Minor League Baseball umbrella also set a record in 2007, with 42.8 million;[62] this figure does not include attendance at games of the several independent minor leagues.^ So they’ll advance to play the Phillies who will beat… Minor League Baseball News - MLN - The Raw Feed .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Josh Banks, a right-hander who has appeared in 26 career Major League games with the Toronto Blue Jays and San Diego Padres, has signed a Minor League contract with the Astros that includes an invitation to Spring Training.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ If he does sign with the Red Sox, Sallis will either report to Florida for workouts or report to Bostons short season Class A minor league affiliate the Lowell (Mass.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

Two players on the baseball team of Tokyo, Japan's Waseda University in 1921
.In Japan, where baseball is inarguably the leading spectator team sport, combined revenue for the twelve teams in Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB), the body that oversees both the Central and Pacific leagues, was estimated at $1 billion in 2007. Total NPB attendance for the year was approximately 20 million.^ Entering a new season, the UAFS baseball team expected to have offensive firepower, but what the Lions did against North Central Missouri College on Saturday was absurd.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ So it was just a decision based on what's best for our team.Ellsbury's arm is better suited for left, where he played a total of 80 games in 2007-08.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ All Sports Memorabilia in our inventory is obtained directly from the largest and most respected distributers of Sports Collectibles in the U.S.A. We carry both autographed and unsigned sports collectibles from Major League Baseball, NFL, NBA, NHL, and Golf .

While in the preceding two decades, MLB attendance grew by 50 percent and revenue nearly tripled, the comparable NPB figures were stagnant. There are concerns that MLB's growing interest in acquiring star Japanese players will hurt the game in their home country.[69] .In Cuba, where baseball is by every reckoning the national sport,[149] the national team overshadows the city and provincial teams that play in the top-level domestic leagues.^ From 1931 to 1947, Billy Herman played for four different major league baseball teams: Chicago Cubs, Brooklyn Dodgers, Boston Braves, and his final year with the Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The National League West will be taking on the American League East in interleague play this season, and one series jumps out immediately.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The following tables show the “year of eligibility” when a Major League baseball player was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[150] Revenue figures are not released for the country's amateur system; similarly, according to one official pronouncement, the sport's governing authority "has never taken into account attendance...because its greatest interest has always been the development of athletes".[151]
.As of 2007, Little League Baseball oversees more than 7,000 children's baseball leagues with more than 2.2 million participants—2.1 million in the United States and 123,000 in other countries.^ Sports Ever wanted to know a little bit more about UZR? Big League Stew delivers a great analysis.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ JUNIOR COLLEGE BASEBALL NO. 8 UA FORT SMITH 2, CONNORS STATE 1 Connors State 001 000 000 — 1 1 0 UA Fort Smith 100 000 001 — 2 11 2 Cameron and Z. Williams; Carlin, Coleman (7) and Decker.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ University of Arkansas - Fort Smith baseball coach Dale Harpenau has had many memorable games against Northeastern Oklahoma A&M College, but none more so than the Lions 3-1 Bi-State Conference win against the Norsemen on Thursday.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[152] Babe Ruth League teams have over 1 million participants.[153] .According to the president of the International Baseball Federation, between 300,000 and 500,000 women and girls play baseball around the world, including Little League and the introductory game of Tee Ball.^ Eastern (36-15) took a 2-1 lead in the four-game Bi-State Conference series and improved to 11-8 in league play.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ So they’ll advance to play the Phillies who will beat… Minor League Baseball News - MLN - The Raw Feed .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He also played for and managed the New York Yankees and managed the Boston Red Sox in his final year in major league baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[154]
.A varsity baseball team is an established part of physical education departments at most high schools and colleges in the United States.^ Entering a new season, the UAFS baseball team expected to have offensive firepower, but what the Lions did against North Central Missouri College on Saturday was absurd.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Vaughn, a 6-0 right-hander, was a four-year starter for Deer Creek High School, was named team MVP and All-City and was honorable mention All-State.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Daniel, a 6-foot left-hander, was a three-year letterman for Bryant High School and was named All-County, All-Conference and All-State.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.In 2008, nearly half a million high schoolers and over 35,000 collegians played on their schools' baseball teams.^ Kerley played baseball in high school and said that walking on was his goal when he got to… .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Barnes played in 48 games and batted a team-high .400 with 12 doubles, three triples, a team-high 11 home runs and a team-high 55 RBIs.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[152] The number of Americans participating in baseball has declined since the late 1980s, falling well behind the number of soccer participants.[155] .By early in the 20th century, intercollegiate baseball was Japan's leading sport.^ It could be said that collecting sports memorabilia goes back to the first decades of the 20th century, when many people would collect baseballs from baseball games and many asked Babe Ruth for autographs.

^ There's a lengthy list of early 20th century pitchers who pitched complete games in both ends of a doubleheader.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Sports memorabilia, sports collectibles, autographed sports collectibles, signed sports memorabilia, pro sports collectibles, sports autographs, pro sports memorabilia, authentic sports autographs, authenticated sports collectibles, collectible sports memorabilia, baseball memorabilia, football memorabilia ....whichever phrase you use shall lead you to our website.

.Today, high school baseball in particular is immensely popular there.^ Kerley played baseball in high school and said that walking on was his goal when he got to… .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[156] .The final rounds of the two annual tournaments—the National High School Baseball Invitational Tournament in the spring, and the even more important National High School Baseball Championship in the summer—are broadcast around the country.^ High School, and Blake Brodie, a 6-3 right-hander from Fort Smith Northside High School, as well as Jonathan Rogers, a 6-0 catcher from Hot Springs (Ark.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ UA Fort Smith survived a near-collapse in the eighth inning and emergency closer Aaron Davidson worked around a one-out walk in the ninth as the Lions beat the Seminole State Trojans 9-6 on Saturday to reach the championship round of the NJCAA Region II baseball tournament.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ If you get two hitters like this with a high established value, but depressed by injury or some other factor, he's more likely to… .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The tournaments are known, respectively, as Spring Koshien and Summer Koshien after the 55,000-capacity stadium where they are played.^ For those of you who may not remember, the Toronto Blue Jays didn’t always play out of the “Rogers Centre.” Long before that they played in a converted football stadium known as Exhibition Stadium.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ They also played in the 1928, 1930 and 1943 World Series but lost to the NY Yankees, Philadelphia As and Yanks again respectively.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[157] In Cuba, baseball is a mandatory part of the state system of physical education, which begins at age six. .Talented children as young as seven are sent to special district schools for more intensive training—the first step on a ladder whose acme is the national baseball team.^ But I obviously underestimated the extent to which the baseball writers fetishize this whole “first ballot or not” thing, and the extent to which some of them still hold the spitting … [visit site to read more] .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Winiecki, who leads the nation in hits, is a first team All-Region performer.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Yankees Team Signed MLB Baseball (LE 98) » Read more .

[150]

Baseball in popular culture

.Baseball has had a broad impact on popular culture, both in the United States and elsewhere.^ UNITED STATS – USSSA (United States Specialty Sports Association) is offering a great opportunity for baseball clubs around the world – an international baseball tournament in Orlando, Florida.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Dozens of English-language idioms have been derived from baseball; in particular, the game is the source of a number of widely used sexual euphemisms. .The first networked radio broadcasts in North America were of the 1922 World Series: famed sportswriter Grantland Rice announced play-by-play from New York City's Polo Grounds on WJZNewark, New Jersey, which was connected by wire to WGYSchenectady, New York, and WBZSpringfield, Massachusetts.^ New York Yankees 2009 World Series .

^ They also played in the 1928, 1930 and 1943 World Series but lost to the NY Yankees, Philadelphia As and Yanks again respectively.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He also played for and managed the New York Yankees and managed the Boston Red Sox in his final year in major league baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[158] .The baseball cap has become a ubiquitous fashion item not only in the United States and Japan, but also in countries where the sport itself is not particularly popular, such as the United Kingdom.^ Baseball tips collective cap to Big Unit .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ UNITED STATS – USSSA (United States Specialty Sports Association) is offering a great opportunity for baseball clubs around the world – an international baseball tournament in Orlando, Florida.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[159]
The American Tobacco Company's line of baseball cards featured shortstop Honus Wagner of the Pittsburgh Pirates from 1909 to 1911. In 2007, the card shown here sold for $2.8 million.[160]
Baseball has inspired many works of art and entertainment. One of the first major examples, Ernest Thayer's poem "Casey at the Bat", appeared in 1888. A wry description of the failure of a star player in what would now be called a "clutch situation", the poem became the source of vaudeville and other staged performances, audio recordings, film adaptations, and an opera, as well as a host of sequels and parodies in various media. .There have been many baseball movies, including the Academy Award–winning The Pride of the Yankees (1942) and the Oscar nominees The Natural (1984) and Field of Dreams (1989).^ That left only about $9,000 to hire a new baseball coach, so naturally there werent many coaches in hurry to throw their name in the hat, but Harpenau did.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

The American Film Institute's selection of the ten best sports movies includes The Pride of the Yankees at number 3 and Bull Durham (1988) at number 5.[161] Baseball has provided thematic material for hits on both stage—the AdlerRoss musical Damn Yankees—and record—George J. Gaskin's "Slide, Kelly, Slide", Simon and Garfunkel's "Mrs. Robinson", and John Fogerty's Centerfield.[162] The baseball-founded comedic sketch "Who's on First", introduced by Abbott and Costello in 1938, quickly became famous. .Six decades later, Time named it the best comedy routine of the twentieth century.^ He's on the short list in the argument for the best left-handed pitcher of all-time, and for the best pitcher of the last decade, which he started at age 36.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[163]
The game's rich literary tradition includes the short fiction of Ring Lardner and novels such as Bernard Malamud's The Natural (the source for the movie), Robert Coover's The Universal Baseball Association, Inc., J. Henry Waugh, Prop., and W. P. Kinsella's Shoeless Joe (the source for Field of Dreams). Baseball's literary canon also includes the beat reportage of Damon Runyon; the columns of Grantland Rice, Red Smith, Dick Young, and Peter Gammons; and the essays of Roger Angell. Among the celebrated nonfiction books in the field are Lawrence S. Ritter's The Glory of Their Times, Roger Kahn's The Boys of Summer, and Michael Lewis's Moneyball. .The 1970 publication of major league pitcher Jim Bouton's tell-all chronicle Ball Four is considered a turning point in the reporting of professional sports.^ The calendar has turned, and pitchers and catchers will be reporting before we know it (Feb.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Hartley, a former major league pitcher, will be at the helm of the Heidekoepfe for a third consecutive season.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Kiki Cuyler played for four teams over an 18-year major league career.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[164]
Baseball has also inspired the creation of new cultural forms. .Baseball cards were introduced in the late nineteenth century as trade cards; a typical example would feature an image of a baseball player on one side and advertising for a business on the other.^ Naddelman and Steve Sclafani (CEO) have been featured in Business Week and CNN for their work in building Baseball Factory into the nation's leader in player development and college… .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ To change these aspects of baseball would just make baseball like other sports and in turn would draw in "casual" fans and alienate true baseball fans.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ For years, I was a true believer that Rich Harden would eventually have a breakout season, and be one of the top pitchers in baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

In the early 1900s they were produced widely as promotional items by tobacco and confectionary companies. The 1930s saw the popularization of the modern style of baseball card, with a player photograph accompanied on the rear by statistics and biographical data. .Baseball cards—many of which are now prized collectibles—are the source of the much broader trading card industry, involving similar products for different sports and non-sports-related fields.^ To me, one of the most enjoyable parts of a baseball card is not so much the player, but what's in the background of the photo.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[165] .Modern fantasy sports began in 1980 with the invention of Rotisserie League Baseball by New York writer Daniel Okrent and several friends.^ So they’ll advance to play the Phillies who will beat… Minor League Baseball News - MLN - The Raw Feed .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Curtis Granderson was traded to the New York Yankees yesterday, and that alters his fantasy value on a number of fronts.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He also played for and managed the New York Yankees and managed the Boston Red Sox in his final year in major league baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Participants in a Rotisserie league draft notional teams from the list of active Major League Baseball players and play out an entire imaginary season with game outcomes based on the players' latest real-world statistics.^ Gentry later signed with the University of Arkansas and played two seasons before being drafted by Texas in the 10th round of the 2006 Major League Baseball First-Year Player Draft.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Here's what we think.If You Don’t Dream About Baseball, Then Baseball is NOT Your DreamThe players that cared and performed well on teams are what we call diamond dogs.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Every year Jim Callis at Baseball America grades each team’s draft based solely on the quality of players they signed, and over the last four seasons (2005-2008), the Yanks’ drafts grade out as middle of the pack with a 2.63 GPA (tied with the Padres and Cardinals for 15th overall).
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Rotisserie-style play quickly became a phenomenon. Now known more generically as fantasy baseball, it has inspired similar games based on an array of different sports.[166] .The field boomed with increasing Internet access and new fantasy sports–related websites; by 2008, 29.9 million people in the United States and Canada were playing fantasy sports, spending $800 million on the hobby.^ Eastern swept last-place Rose State to open conference play March 27 and 29.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Well, my Hall of Fame ballot is up at Sports Illustrated, and I suspect that for people who love playing with the Hall numbers, it’s pretty conventional.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Seminole State (29-16) slipped to 8-8 in conference play and is in a battle for third place with Eastern Oklahoma State.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

[167] The burgeoning popularity of fantasy baseball is also credited with the increasing attention paid to sabermetrics—first among fans, only later among baseball professionals.[168]

See also

Related sports

References

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  91. ^ Thurston (2000), p. 100; "Official Rules/3.00—Game Preliminaries (Rule 3.03)". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules/03_game_preliminaries.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-02.  "Official Rules/6.00—The Batter (Rules 6.01, 6.04)". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules//06_the_batter.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  92. ^ Porterfield (2007), p. 19; Thurston (2000), p. 153; "Official Rules/6.00—The Batter (Rule 6.10)". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules//06_the_batter.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  93. ^ See, e.g., Billson, Marky (2009-03-25). "Breaking Down the Mets Roster". Metro. http://www.metro.us/us/article/2009/03/25/12/1731-82/index.xml. Retrieved 2009-04-21.  "Nationals Finalize 25-Man Roster". Washington Nationals/Major League Baseball. 2009-04-04. http://washington.nationals.mlb.com/news/press_releases/press_release.jsp?ymd=20090404&content_id=4127882&vkey=pr_was&fext=.jsp&c_id=was. Retrieved 2009-04-21. 
  94. ^ Walfoort, Cleon, "Most 'Signs' Given by Coaches Are Merely Camouflage", Baseball Digest, December 1960–January 1961, pp. 47–49.
  95. ^ "The Fans Speak Out" [Baseball Digest staff], Baseball Digest, August 1999, pp. 9–10; "Official Rules/3.00—Game Preliminaries (Rule 3.15)". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules/03_game_preliminaries.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  96. ^ Zoss (2004), p. 293; "Official Rules/9.00—The Umpire". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules/09_the_umpire.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-18. 
  97. ^ Bast, Andrew (July 18, 2008). "Southpaw’s Revenge". Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/id/146842. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  98. ^ See, e.g., Davis, Hank, Small-town Heroes: Images of Minor League Baseball (Univ. of Iowa Press, 1997), p. 186.
  99. ^ Walsh, John (December 20, 2007). "Fastball, Slider, Change-up, Curveball—An Analysis". Hardball Times. http://www.hardballtimes.com/main/article/fastball-slider-changeup-curveball-an-analysis/. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  100. ^ Stallings and Bennett (2003), p. 192.
  101. ^ Stallings and Bennett (2003), pp. 126–132.
  102. ^ a b Stallings and Bennett (2003), p. 45.
  103. ^ Stallings and Bennett (2003), pp. 5, 46–47.
  104. ^ Stallings and Bennett (2003), pp. 42–43, 47–48.
  105. ^ Stallings and Bennett (2003), p. 186.
  106. ^ Mount, Nicholas James, "Team Sports", in Encyclopedia of Time, ed. Samuel L. Macey (Taylor & Francis, 1994), pp. 588–590: p. 590.
  107. ^ Eastaway, Rob, What Is a Googly?: The Mysteries of Cricket Explained (Anova, 2005), p. 134.
  108. ^ a b c Bodley, Hal (February 26, 2004). "Baseball Wants Just a Few More Minutes". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/baseball/columnist/bodley/2004-02-26-bodley_x.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  109. ^ a b Greenfield, Jeff (July 13, 1998). "Midnight Baseball". Time. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,988721,00.html. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  110. ^ "Japan's Pro Baseball Teams Start Eco-Project to Cut Energy Use by 6%". Japan for Sustainability. July 13, 2008. http://www.japanfs.org/en/pages/027087.html. Retrieved 2009-02-18. 
  111. ^ Clarke and Dawson (1915), p. 48.
  112. ^ Mandelbaum (2005), p. 55.
  113. ^ Mandelbaum (2005), pp. 55–57.
  114. ^ Morton, Richard, "Baseball in England", Badminton Magazine, August 1896, pp. 157–158: "The scoring is one of the most interesting features in this new importation from America [baseball]. Every detail of play is recorded, and a man's mistakes are tabulated as well as his successes.... A line in a cricket score may read, 'Lockwood, caught Stoddart, bowled J. T. Hearne; 30.'... [T]here is so much that is left out! There is no mention of the fact that O'Brien missed Lockwood before he had scored, and that somebody else failed to take a chance when his score was ten. These are items that go to make cricket history; but there is no record of them in the analysis.... The man who catches a ball is thought worthy of mention, but the man who muffs one does not suffer by publicity."
  115. ^ "Official Rules/1.00—Objectives of the Game. (Rule 1.04a)". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules/01_objectives_of_the_game.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-02. 
  116. ^ Nightengale, Bob (August 20, 2008). "No. 8: Out in Left Field in Houston's Crawford Boxes". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/baseball/2008-08-20-bestseats-minutemaid_N.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-17. 
  117. ^ Powers (2003), p. 85.
  118. ^ Powers (2003), p. 219.
  119. ^ Puhalla, Krans, and Goatley (2003), p. 198; Shaikin, Bill (May 27, 2006). "Guerrero Becomes Mr. Inside". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2006/may/27/sports/sp-angels27. Retrieved 2009-02-17. 
  120. ^ "Official Rules/1.00—Objectives of the Game. (Rule 1.04)". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules/01_objectives_of_the_game.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-02. 
  121. ^ Shaikin, Bill (October 8, 2002). "No Fly Ball Routine in Dome". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2002/oct/08/sports/sp-angnote8. Retrieved 2009-02-17. 
  122. ^ Puhalla, Krans, and Goatley (2003), p. 207.
  123. ^ Keri (2007), pp. 295–301.
  124. ^ Gilbert, Steve (September 30, 2008). "Wrigley's Winds Don't Rattle Lowe". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20080930&content_id=3575106. Retrieved 2009-02-17. 
  125. ^ Sheinin, Dave (March 26, 2008). "After Move, a Breaking In Process". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/03/24/AR2008032402798.html. Retrieved 2009-02-17.  See also Powers (2003), p. 85.
  126. ^ a b Tygiel (2000), p. 16.
  127. ^ Schwarz (2004), p. 50.
  128. ^ "Official Rules/10.00—The Official Scorer". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules/10_the_official_scorer.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  129. ^ "Official Rules/10.00—The Official Scorer (Rules 10.02a, 10.04, 10.21b)". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules/10_the_official_scorer.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  130. ^ "Official Rules/10.00—The Official Scorer (Rule 10.07)". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules/10_the_official_scorer.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  131. ^ "Official Rules/10.00—The Official Scorer (Rules 10.15, 10.17, 10.19, 10.21a, 10.21e)". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules/10_the_official_scorer.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  132. ^ "Official Rules/10.00—The Official Scorer (Rules 10.09, 10.10, 10.12, 10.21d)". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules/10_the_official_scorer.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  133. ^ See, e.g., Albert, Jim, and Jay Bennett, "Situational Effects", ch. 4 in Curve Ball: Baseball, Statistics, and the Role of Chance in the Game, 2d ed. (Springer, 2003), pp. 71–110.
  134. ^ Gray, Scott, The Mind of Bill James: How a Complete Outsider Changed Baseball (Doubleday, 2006), p. ix.
  135. ^ Guzzo (2007), pp. 20–21, 67; Schwarz (2004), p. 233; Lewis (2003), p. 127.
  136. ^ "Official Rules/10.00—The Official Scorer (Rule 10.21f)". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules/10_the_official_scorer.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  137. ^ "Official Rules/10.00—The Official Scorer (Rule 10.21c)". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/downloads/y2008/official_rules/10_the_official_scorer.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  138. ^ Guzzo (2007), pp. 22, 67, 140; Schwarz (2004), p. 233.
  139. ^ Guzzo (2007), pp. 140–141.
  140. ^ Cohen, Morris Raphael, "Baseball as a National Religion" (1919), in Cohen, The Faith of a Liberal (Transaction, 1993 [1946]), pp. 334–336: p. 334.
  141. ^ Stark, Jayson (February 8, 2009). "A-Rod Has Destroyed Game's History". ESPN.com. http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/columns/story?columnist=stark_jayson&id=3892788. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  142. ^ Bjarkman (2004), p. xix.
  143. ^ Bjarkman (2004), pp. 159–165.
  144. ^ Bjarkman (2004), p. 487.
  145. ^ Riess (1991), pp. 69–71.
  146. ^ Riess (1991), pp. 247–248.
  147. ^ Kercheval, Nancy (October 1, 2008). "Major League Baseball Revenue Reaches Record, Attendance Falls". Bloomberg.com. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=asFEMjfiKA5s. Retrieved 2009-02-08.  Battista, Judy (December 9, 2008). "Feeling Pinch, N.F.L. Will Cut About 150 Jobs". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/10/sports/football/10nfl.html?_r=1&em. Retrieved 2009-02-08.  Haudricourt, Tom (October 20, 2007). "Bases Loaded". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. http://www.jsonline.com/sports/brewers/29405374.html. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  148. ^ "Professional Football Continues Dominance over Baseball as America's Favorite Sport". Harris Interactive. January 27, 2009. http://www.harrisinteractive.com/harris_poll/pubs/Harris_Poll_2009_01_27.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  149. ^ González Echevarría (2001), pp. 76, 133, 278–279, 352.
  150. ^ a b Weissert, Will (March 5, 2009). "Cubans' Baseball Dreams Take Root on Rocky Fields". Associated Press (USA Today). http://www.usatoday.com/sports/baseball/2009-03-05-3277668016_x.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  151. ^ González Echevarría (2001), p. 366.
  152. ^ a b Bradford, Marcia (2008). "Expanding Opportunities On The Ball Fields". SportsEvents Magazine. http://www.sportseventsmagazine.com/article/baseballsoftball/207/. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  153. ^ "History of the Babe Ruth League". Babe Ruth League Online. http://www.baberuthleague.org/side-indexes/history-main.html. Retrieved 2009-01-29. 
  154. ^ Frommer, Frederic J (April 6, 2009). "Baseball to Add Women to Olympic Bid". Associated Press (FOX News). http://www.foxnews.com/wires/2009Apr06/0,4670,OLYBaseballBid,00.html. Retrieved 2009-04-29. 
  155. ^ Badenhausen, Kurt (April 13, 2004). "Soccer Vs. Baseball". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2004/04/13/cz_kb_0413match.html. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  156. ^ Bjarkman (2004), p. xxiv; Gmelch (2006), pp. 23, 53.
  157. ^ Ellsesser, Stephen (August 11, 2006). "Summer Tournament is Big in Japan". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20060810&content_id=1602960. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  158. ^ Rudel (2008), pp. 145–146.
  159. ^ Lam, Andrew (July 6, 2007). "Too Much Self Esteem Spoils Your Child". New America Media. http://news.newamericamedia.org/news/view_article.html?article_id=96855813a910dda0453a6675c0d934f6l. Retrieved 2009-05-02.  "Happy 50th, Baseball Caps". BBC News. April 27, 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/3660333.stm. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  160. ^ "Honus Wagner Card Sells for Record $2.8 Million". Associated Press (ESPN). September 6, 2007. http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/news/story?id=3007893. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
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  162. ^ Zoss (2004), pp. 373–374.
  163. ^ "The Best of the Century". Time. December 26, 1999. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,36533,00.html. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  164. ^ Neyer, Rob (June 15, 2000). "'Ball Four' Changed Sports and Books". ESPN.com. http://static.espn.go.com/mlb/ballfour/neyer.html. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  165. ^ Zoss (2004), pp. 16–25.
  166. ^ Zoss (2004), pp. 27–31.
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  168. ^ Lewis (2003), pp. 86–88.

Sources

  • Bjarkman, Peter C. (2004). .Diamonds Around the Globe: The Encyclopedia of International Baseball.^ UNITED STATS – USSSA (United States Specialty Sports Association) is offering a great opportunity for baseball clubs around the world – an international baseball tournament in Orlando, Florida.
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    Greenwood. ISBN 0313322686. OCLC 58806121.
     
  • Block, David (2005). Baseball Before We Knew It: A Search for the Roots of the Game. Univ. of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0803262558. OCLC 70261798. 
  • Burgos, Adrian (2007). Playing America's Game: Baseball, Latinos, and the Color Line. Univ. of California Press. ISBN 0520251431. OCLC 81150202. 
  • Burk, Robert F. (2001). .Never Just a Game: Players, Owners, and American Baseball to 1920.^ FRESNO (5-23-09) -- Four Palomar College baseball players were named to the Community College All-American and all-state first teams on Saturday: .
    • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ As always, we vote not just on players currently eligible for Hall of Fame voting under baseball’s arcane eligibility rules, but for any and all players retired at least five years and not currently in the Hall of Fame.
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    Univ. of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0807849618. OCLC 28183874.
     
  • Charlton, James (ed.) (1991). The Baseball Chronology: The Complete History of the Most Important Events in the Game of Baseball. Macmillan. ISBN 0025239716. OCLC 22704314. 
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  • Gmelch, George (2006). Baseball Without Borders: The International Pastime. Univ. of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0803271255. OCLC 64594333. 
  • González Echevarría, Roberto (2001). The Pride of Havana: A History of Cuban Baseball. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195146050. OCLC 46601626. 
  • Guzzo, Glenn (2007). .The New Ballgame: Baseball Statistics for the Casual Fan.^ The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract by Bill James (Free Press, 2003), 1008 pages The history of baseball can be both fascinating and bewildering to British fans.
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ To change these aspects of baseball would just make baseball like other sports and in turn would draw in "casual" fans and alienate true baseball fans.
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Ken Burns Seeks Fans' Photos For New "Baseball" Episode Focused On 2004 Red Sox .
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ACTA. ISBN 087946318X. OCLC 123083947.
     
  • Heaphy, Leslie A. (2003). The Negro Leagues, 1869–1960. McFarland. ISBN 0786413808. OCLC 50285143. 
  • Keri, Jonah (ed.) (2007). .Baseball Between the Numbers: Why Everything You Know About the Game Is Wrong.^ Here's what we think.If You Don’t Dream About Baseball, Then Baseball is NOT Your DreamThe players that cared and performed well on teams are what we call diamond dogs.
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It’s just about what is the best mix that we can put together for what we know that our budgeted payroll number is.” I’ve just got one question: Is that so fucking crazy?
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If I don't know everything about the system I'll try to give you the best I know.
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    Basic. ISBN 0465005470. OCLC 77795904.
     
  • Koppett, Leonard (2004). Koppett's Concise History of Major League Baseball. Carroll & Graf. ISBN 0786712864. OCLC 54674804. 
  • Lewis, Michael M. (2003). Moneyball: The Art of Winning an Unfair Game. W. W. Norton. ISBN 0393324818. OCLC 54896532. 
  • Mandelbaum, Michael (2005). .The Meaning of Sports: Why Americans Watch Baseball, Football, and Basketball and What They See When They Do.^ UA Fort Smith currently competes in four mens sports basketball, baseball, golf and tennis and four womens sports volleyball, basketball, golf and tennis.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ The Heartland Conference sponsors six mens sports cross country, soccer, basketball, baseball, golf and tennis and seven womens sports cross country, soccer, volleyball, basketball, golf, softball and tennis.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ CARTHAGE, Texas Panola College boasts one of the top hitting teams in NJCAA baseball, and Saturday afternoon, they showed exactly why.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    PublicAffairs. ISBN 1586483307. OCLC 55539339.
     
  • McNeil, William (2000). .Baseball's Other All-Stars: The Greatest Players from the Negro Leagues, the Japanese Leagues, the Mexican League, and the Pre-1960 Winter Leagues in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic.^ When Manny Acta watched Carmona pitch in the Dominican Winter League last month, he was watching him with new eyes.
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Carlos Delgado hit a homer in the Puerto Rican Winter League yesterday, according to Rhett Bollinger of MLB.com.
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ As always, we vote not just on players currently eligible for Hall of Fame voting under baseball’s arcane eligibility rules, but for any and all players retired at least five years and not currently in the Hall of Fame.
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    McFarland. ISBN 0786407840. OCLC 42976826.
     
  • Porterfield, Jason (2007). Baseball: Rules, Tips, Strategy, and Safety. Rosen. ISBN 1404209913. OCLC 67773742. 
  • Powers, Albert Theodore (2003). The Business of Baseball. McFarland. ISBN 078641426X. OCLC 50866929. 
  • Puhalla, Jim, Jeff Krans, and Mike Goatley (2003). Baseball and Softball Fields: Design, Construction, Renovation, and Maintenance. John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 0471447935. OCLC 50959054. 
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  • Schwarz, Alan (2004). The Numbers Game: Baseball's Lifelong Fascination with Statistics. Thomas Dunne. ISBN 0312322224. OCLC 54692908. 
  • Stallings, Jack, and Bob Bennett (eds.) (2003). Baseball Strategies: Your Guide to the Game Within the Game. American Baseball Coaches Association/Human Kinetics. ISBN 0736042180. OCLC 50203866. 
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  • Sullivan, Dean (ed.) (1998). Middle Innings: A Documentary History of Baseball, 1900–1948. Univ. of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0803242581. OCLC 37533976. 
  • Sullivan, Dean (ed.) (2002). Late Innings: A Documentary History of Baseball, 1945–1972. Univ. of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0803292856. OCLC 47643746. 
  • Thurston, Bill (2000). Coaching Youth Baseball: A Baffled Parents Guide. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0071358226. OCLC 43031493. 
  • Tygiel, Jules (2000). Past Time: Baseball as History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195089588. OCLC 42290019. 
  • Zimbalist, Andrew (2007). In the Best Interests of Baseball?: The Revolutionary Reign of Bud Selig. John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 0470128240. OCLC 62796332. 
  • Zoss, Joel (2004). Diamonds in the Rough: The Untold History of Baseball. Univ. of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0803299206. OCLC 54611393. 

Further reading

  • Bradbury, J.C. The Baseball Economist: The Real Game Exposed (Dutton, 2007). ISBN 0525949933
  • Dickson, Paul. The Dickson Baseball Dictionary, 3d ed. (W. W. Norton, 2009). ISBN 0393066819
  • Elliott, Bob. The Northern Game: Baseball the Canadian Way (Sport Classic, 2005). ISBN 1894963407
  • Euchner, Charles. .The Last Nine Innings: Inside the Real Game Fans Never See (Sourcebooks, 2007).^ The opener was delayed three hours because of early morning rain and was switched from a doubleheader to one nine-inning game.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ The three-game weekend series will conclude on Sunday at noon with one nine-inning game.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Saturday and one nine-inning game on Sunday beginning at 1 p.m.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    .ISBN 1402205791
  • Fitts, Robert K. Remembering Japanese Baseball: An Oral History of the Game (Southern Illinois University Press, 2005).^ The University of Arkansas - Fort Smiths baseball game against Carl Albert State scheduled for Tuesday has been rescheduled because of rain.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ The location and time of the University of Arkansas-Fort Smith Lions baseball game against Crowder College scheduled for Tuesday, April 1, have been changed.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract by Bill James (Free Press, 2003), 1008 pages The history of baseball can be both fascinating and bewildering to British fans.
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0809326299
  • Gillette, Gary, and Pete Palmer (eds.). The ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia, 5th ed. (Sterling, 2008). ISBN 1402760515
  • James, Bill. The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract, rev. ed. (Simon and Schuster, 2003). ISBN 0743227220
  • James, Bill. The Bill James Handbook 2009 (ACTA, 2008). ISBN 0879463678
  • Peterson, Robert. .Only the Ball was White: A History of Legendary Black Players and All-Black Professional Teams (Oxford University Press, 1992 [1970]).^ Previous Teams: (as player): Palomar, Texas Tech University, Orioles A, Orioles AA .
    • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Connors State did something to the University of Arkansas - Fort Smith Saturday night that no team has done all season long.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ You often hear and read of great players and teams, but it’s not easy to piece them all together, particularly in trying to compare players from different eras.
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    .ISBN 0195076370
  • Reaves, Joseph A. Taking in a Game: A History of Baseball in Asia (Bison, 2004).^ It didnt take UAFS baseball coach Dale Harpenau 20 games to discover who is his stopper.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    .ISBN 0803239432
  • Ritter, Lawrence S. The Glory of Their Times: The Story of the Early Days of Baseball Told by the Men Who Played It, enlarged ed.^ So they’ll advance to play the Phillies who will beat… Minor League Baseball News - MLN - The Raw Feed .
    • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Huchingson, whos a part-time starter from Fayetteville, Ark., pitched no-hit baseball for 3 1/3 innings.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Those three guys will battle for playing time in right, said UA Fort Smith coach Dale Harpenau, who begins his 11th season.
    • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

    (Harper, 1992). ISBN 0688112730
  • Tango, Tom, Mitchel G. Lichtman, and Andrew E. Dolphin, The Book: Playing the Percentages in Baseball (Potomac, 2007). ISBN 1597971294
  • Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. Baseball: An Illustrated History (Alfred A. Knopf, 1996). ISBN 0679404597

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Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

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Please help develop this page
This page was created, but so far, little content has been added. Everyone is invited to help expand and create educational content for Wikiversity. .If you need help learning how to add content, see the editing tutorial and the MediaWiki syntax reference.^ And it's a hoot to see how the technology is getting so sophisticated that you can even personalize the cards.

To help you get started with content, we have automatically added references below to other Wikimedia Foundation projects. .This will help you find materials such as information, media and quotations on which to base the development of "Baseball" as an educational resource.^ Well, fear not, because I’ve developed a tool that helps you do something to attempt to answer that question in a visual manner.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

However, please do not simply copy-and-paste large chunks from other projects. You can also use the links in the blue box to help you classify this page by subject, educational level and resource type.
Wikipedia-logo.png Run a search on Baseball at Wikipedia.
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Baseball is a good sport.
It would help others to understand better how you come to the conclusion that it is "good" ? ----Erkan Yilmaz uses the Wikiversity:Chat (try) 01:19, 2 May 2008 (UTC)

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

"'BASEBALL:' see Sports And Games.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also baseball

German

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Baseball
Wikipedia de
Baseball

Noun

Baseball m. (genitive Baseballs, plural Baseballs)
  1. baseball (ballgame)
  2. baseball (ball)

Wikibooks

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection

.Baseball is a kind of a ball game played with two teams of 9 persons.^ The two teams will play a doubleheader beginning at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The two teams will play two seven-inning games.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Trojans, will play the first of two games at 1 p.m.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

It is the "National Pastime" of the United States.

Basics

.You need a glove (the catcher and first baseman use mitts) and a bat.^ Rawls, a catcher from Marion, Ark., was 1 for 3 with a two-run home run, and Washington, a first baseman from Little Rock, Ark., was 2 for 3 with a two-run home run.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ The first baseman batted .360 with two doubles, two triples and three home runs during the six-game stretch.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ He allowed a solo run in the first inning on an RBI single by first baseman Chase Ledyard and another run in the sixth inning on a RBI double by catcher Lee Harris (2 for 3).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.The person with the baseball bat hits the ball and the person with the glove or mitt tries to catch the ball and do it 5 times (or your choice).^ Huchingson, whos a part-time starter from Fayetteville, Ark., pitched no-hit baseball for 3 1/3 innings.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ Early on, (Barnes) seems to be a guy who is going to be a threat to hit the ball out of the park with each at-bat, Harpenau said.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.The pitches that the pitcher throws are either balls or strikes.^ Shore (5-1) pitched five-hit ball over seven innings, striking out eight and walking none.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ And I, too, hate watching Jeter consistently flinch at pitches on the inside corner, thereby having a lot of inside strikes called balls.
  • Joe Posnanski » Blog Archive » Rose vs. Jeter 31 January 2010 12:35 UTC joeposnanski.com [Source type: General]

^ Sanford (1-0) pitched five innings of three-hit ball, striking out six and walking one, to notch the victory.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.A strike is a pitch that is thrown within the strike zone.^ He throws three pitches for strikes and commands the zone.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

Traditionally the strike zone is a pitch thrown across the plate and between the knees and uniform letters of the player. A ball is a pitch thrown outside this area. .It is important to remember that final call on whether a pitch is a strike or ball is decided by the home plate umpire.^ Sanford (1-0) pitched five innings of three-hit ball, striking out six and walking one, to notch the victory.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Shore (5-1) pitched five-hit ball over seven innings, striking out eight and walking none.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.The game baseball is played on a field called a diamond.^ Here's what we think.If You Don’t Dream About Baseball, Then Baseball is NOT Your DreamThe players that cared and performed well on teams are what we call diamond dogs.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Alnas, playing center field, also gunned out a runner attempting to score from second on a single for the second game in a row.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ It's nine sentences and sixteen lines of data (earlier in the post) about Derek Jeter and Justin Morneau and the results of their play on baseball fields.

.The infield is made up of a home plate, first base, second base and third base, set up in a diamond shape.^ This: Winner of the Hank Aaron Award for being the first-or-second-best-hitting SS in the AL, and probably like the third- or fourth-best hitter on his own team.

^ Next week I will be adding first base and second base to the rankings.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I’ve spent a good portion of the day thinking about the corner infield situation in Atlanta, now that the Braves have picked up Troy Glaus and announced that he would occupy first base —...
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The total number of players that can play on the diamond at one time is 9 (defensive).^ "Was he one of the best players at his position at that time?"
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The other one is a seriously awesome, totally sweet dude -- we'll call him Player Dickface.

^ One of the many criteria people use when voting for the Hall of Fame is the question of, "Was he one of the best players of his time?"
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.There is a pitcher (who throws the ball to the batter), the catcher, catches the ball thrown by the pitcher.^ When there are fewer than two outs and there is a force play at third, the batter who hits a fair fly ball that, in the umpire’s judgment may be caught by an infielder with ordinary effort, is out.

^ There's a lengthy list of early 20th century pitchers who pitched complete games in both ends of a doubleheader.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ At times, he threw the ball like he would be a guy who could throw at the level.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.There is a first baseman who catches the balls hit to the infielders and mans first base.^ After Troy Glaus passed his physical on Tuesday, the Braves confirmed that they have signed the veteran infielder to serve as their new first baseman.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ He craves acceptance, and on the Yankees, there is only one man who can bestow that him, and that man is the sainted Jeter.

^ When there are fewer than two outs and there is a force play at third, the batter who hits a fair fly ball that, in the umpire’s judgment may be caught by an infielder with ordinary effort, is out.

.The second baseman plays in between first and second base.^ Next week I will be adding first base and second base to the rankings.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ ABOVE: Shortstop Terrence Buchanan relays throw from second baseman Matt Hubbard to turn double play to end the eighth inning in Comets' 5-3 win at Mt.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ The first one was by second baseman Gabe Willis and shortstop Tyler Saladino to turn a double play in the second inning.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.Next to the second baseman on the other side of second base, between second base and third base is the shortstop.^ Next week I will be adding first base and second base to the rankings.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ ABOVE: Shortstop Terrence Buchanan relays throw from second baseman Matt Hubbard to turn double play to end the eighth inning in Comets' 5-3 win at Mt.
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

^ Terrence Buchanan, who moved from second base to shortstop in the absence of the injured Tyler Saladino, fields grounder against Grossmont..
  • Palomar College Baseball 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.palomar.edu [Source type: General]

.This position was originally called the shortfielder because it was play in the outfield in front of the outfielders and behind the infielders.^ NO ONE SHOULD HAVE CHANGED POSITIONS EVER. After the original roster of the 1903 New York Highlanders died, all baseball should have stopped being played forever.

The bat is made of wood or aluminum. At younger levels aluminum is used, while in professional leagues they use wooden bats.
.The Major League Baseball (MLB) is recognized as the premier league to play baseball with the top talent in the world.^ Bud Selig has formed a committee of 14 people to look at ways of "improving" Major League Baseball.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ So they’ll advance to play the Phillies who will beat… Minor League Baseball News - MLN - The Raw Feed .
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Nine former University of Arkansas - Fort Smith baseball players will continue their playing careers this fall at either four-year programs or in Major League Baseballs Minor League system.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

.In the MLB, there are 30 teams in two separate leagues, the American League (AL) and the National League (NL).^ In the span of three days he's written two paeans to Jeter, one before the American League MVP vote and one after.

^ National League president Nick Young announces the more experienced umpire will stay behind the plate when the new two-umpire system is instituted.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Say there's a fictional professional baseball team with two really good players on it.

.Each of the 30 teams plays 162 games, not including the playoffs.^ Barnes, whos from Yukon, Okla., played in 46 games, batted a team-high .399 and led the team in home runs (10) and RBIs (52).
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

^ So it was just a decision based on what's best for our team.Ellsbury's arm is better suited for left, where he played a total of 80 games in 2007-08.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The two teams will play two seven-inning games.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

There are 6 divisions, 3 per league, with teams ranging from 3 to 6 in each league. .In the playoffs, there are 3 rounds prior to the World Series, which determines the champion for that year.^ There are some out there that can remember the last time the Yankees and Phillies met in the World Series.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ UNITED STATES – 2009 College World Series champion LSU Tigers attracted 394,068 fans last year, the most in Division I baseball, according to the 2009 Attendance Numbers released by the NCAA earlier this week.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ I didn't know the World Series existed before the Red Sox made it there in 1986.But stickers?
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.Currently, the Philadelphia Phillies are the World Series Champions, after they defeated the Tampa Bay Rays in 5 games.^ The Yankees are World Series champions, to be sure, but could they also be champions of the world?
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ There are some out there that can remember the last time the Yankees and Phillies met in the World Series.
  • Alltop - Top Baseball News 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC baseball.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ First, a roller coaster game at Yankee Stadium, but thanks to Giambi, Jeter, Melky, and yes, A-Rod, we beat Tampa Bay 9-5 in Opening Day fun.

Table of Contents

Rules Of The Game
  • Objectives
  • Field Of Play
  • The Ball
  • Lineups
  • Umpires
  • Managers And Coaches
Playing The Game
  • Defense
    • Fielding Ground Balls
    • Fielding Fly Balls
    • Throwing
    • Handling Baserunners
    • Defensive Positioning
  • Positions
    • Pitcher
    • Catcher
    • 1st Baseman
    • 2nd Baseman
    • 3rd Baseman
    • Shortstop
    • Outfielder
  • Offense
    • Hitting Basics
    • Hitting Tactics
      • Hit & Run
      • Bunting
      • Advancing Runners
      • Additional Strategies
    • Baserunning
  • Organized Leagues
    • Major League Baseball
    • Minor League Baseball
    • College Baseball
    • Youth Baseball
    • Baseball In Other Countries

Strategy wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki

stub
.This page is a stub. Help us expand it, and you get a cookie.^ All these Cs loom before us: Cleveland tonight; CC Wednesday if we can get past tonight with Chien-Ming's help; then, you know it will be Colorado.

Getting Started
  • Controls
Walkthrough
Appendices
Baseball
Box artwork for Baseball.
Developer(s) Nintendo
Publisher(s) Nintendo
Japanese title ベースボール
Release date(s)
NES
Wii Virtual Console
Genre(s) Baseball
System(s) NES, Arcade, Famicom Disk System, e-Reader, Wii Virtual Console
Players 1-2
Rating(s)
CERO: All ages
ESRB: Everyone
PEGI: Ages 3+
OFLC: General
For other games in the baseball genre, see Category:Baseball.
Baseball was the seventh game that Nintendo released for the Famicom. .It was the second best selling Famicom game released during 1983 and 1984, selling approximately 2,350,000 copies in it's lifetime, beaten only by Golf.^ The sophomore, who pitched five complete games, compiled a 1.59 ERA with a team-best 105 strikeouts and only 24 walks over 66 innings.
  • Baseball, Baseball, UA Fort Smith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.uafortsmith.edu [Source type: General]

It was converted for use in the arcades as Vs. Baseball as part of Nintendo's Vs. arcade series. It was the first baseball game for the NES. It was re-released for the Famicom Disk System, and later as a set of e-Reader cards for the Game Boy Advance. In 2007, it was released for the Wii Virtual Console.
Getting Started →
Walkthrough →

Table of Contents

Getting Started
  • Controls
Walkthrough
Appendices

Simple English

Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:
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Baseball is a sport played by two teams that each have nine players. In baseball, one team throws a small round ball called a baseball and the other team tries to hit it with a club called a bat. Teams get points by running and touching markers on the ground called "bases". There is another sport called softball that is similar and is often played by women.

Many people in North America, South America, and East Asia play baseball. In the United States, baseball is called the national pastime, because so many people in the United States spend a lot of time playing or watching games. More people go to Major League Baseball games than go to see all the other team sports. But on TV, more people like to watch American football and car racing.

Contents

How to play baseball

File:Baseball field
A baseball field.

A game of baseball is played by two teams on a baseball field. Each team has nine players. There are also umpires, who watch everything carefully to decide what happened, and make sure everyone follows the rules.

On a baseball field, there are four bases. The bases form a line that goes around the field to the right from the starting base. The starting base is called home plate. Home plate has five sides. First base is 15-inch (38 cm) squares. It is higher than the ground. The sides of the diamond are 90 feet (27.4 metres) long.

In major league games, there are usually four umpires, with one standing near each base. In major games, such as playoffs, two more umpires are usually added, and stand farther down each baseline toward the outfield.

The game is played in innings. Professional and college baseball has nine innings. In an inning, each team has one turn to bat and try to score runs worth one point. When one team bats, the other team plays defense and tries to get three players on the other team out so they can bat. The team that is playing defense always has the ball. This is different from other team sports. When the team on defense gets three players out it is their turn to hit. Then the team that was batting starts playing defense, and the team that was playing defense starts batting. After nine innings, the team that has the most runs is the winner. If the teams have the same number of runs, they play more innings until one team wins. At the start of the game, the home team pitches, while players on the visiting team bat. Only one player can bat at a time.

The baseball field has two main parts, the infield and the outfield. The infield is where the four bases are. The outfield is beyond the bases, from the view of home plate. The lines from home plate to first base and home plate to third base are the foul lines, and the ground outside of these lines is called foul territory. A ball that is hit with a bat and flies between the foul lines is a fair ball. A ball that is outside the foul lines is a foul ball, and if caught in the air by the team on defense, is an "out". If the ball hits the ground in foul territory rather than being caught in the air, the batter continues to bat, and anyone on base must return to their base. If the batter has fewer than two strikes, a foul ball counts as a strike.

File:Baseball
A batter swinging at a pitched ball.

The most important part of the game is between the pitcher and the batter. The pitcher throws—pitches—the ball towards home plate. The pitcher normally throws the ball close enough for the batter to hit it. If the pitcher throws the ball over home plate and between the hitter's knee and chest, the pitch is a "strike", unless the batter hits the ball. The pitch is always a strike, regardless of where it is, if the batter swings the bat and misses, so the batter must have good aim with the bat. Three strikes is a "strikeout", and is one way to make an "out". A pitch that the batter does not swing at, and which is not a strike, is a "ball." On the fourth "ball" thrown by a pitcher, the batter "walks" to first base, so it is important to pitch well.

The catcher for the pitcher's team waits behind the batter, and catches any ball that the batter does not hit. The catcher uses signals to tell the pitcher where to throw the ball. If the pitcher does not like what the catcher says, he will shake his head, which signals "no". If he agrees with what the catcher has signaled, he will nod his head, which signals "yes".

There are many ways to get batters out, and runners can also be gotten out. Some common ways to get batters out are catching a batted ball in the air, whether in fair or foul territory, throwing the ball to the defensive player at first base (an out if it gets there before the batter), and a strikeout. Common ways to get a runner out are tagging the runner while the runner is not on a base, and a force out (when a base is touched before a player can get there, with no base for the runner to retreat to). When the fielding team has put out three of the batting team's players, the half-inning is over and the team in the field and the team at bat switch places.

The batting team wants to get runs. In order to get a run, a player must bat, then become a base runner, touch all the bases in order, and then touch home plate. So first, the batter wants to make other players get to home plate, or to run the bases himself. The batter also tries to hit the ball between the foul lines, so that the fielding team cannot get anyone out. After the batter hits the ball, if it lands outside of the foul lines, it will be called a "foul ball".

A base-runner who touches home plate after touching all previous bases in order scores a run.

Fielding team

The team in the field tries not to let the team at bat get any runs. The fielding team has a pitcher and a catcher. This pair is often called the battery. The remaining seven fielders may stand anywhere in the field. However, there are usually four infielders that stand around the infield close to the bases and three outfielders who stand around the outfield.

The four infielders are the first baseman, second baseman, shortstop, and third baseman. The first baseman and third baseman stand close to first base and third base. The second baseman and the shortstop stand on either side of second base.

The first baseman's job is to make force plays at first base. In a force play, another infielder catches a ball that has touched the ground, and throws it to the first baseman. The first baseman must then touch the batter or the base with the ball before the batter can touch first base. Then the batter is out. First basemen need to have quick feet, stretch well, be quick and know how to catch wild throws. First base is one of the most important positions as 90% of the plays are there.

The second baseman's job is to cover the area to the right of second base and to back the first baseman up. The shortstop's job is to cover the area between second and third bases. This is where right-handed batters usually hit ground balls. The shortstop also covers second or third base and the near part of left field. The shortstop is usually the best fielder on the team. The third baseman needs to have a strong throwing arm. This is because many times the batter will hit a ball toward third base. The third baseman must throw the ball very quickly to the first baseman, to get the runner out. Because the balls that go to third base are usually hit very hard, the third baseman must also be very quick.

The three outfielders are called the left fielder, the center fielder, and the right fielder, because they stand in left field, center field and right field. Left field and right field are on the left and right sides, if you look out from home plate. Center field is straight ahead from home plate. Center field is very big, so the center fielder is usually the fastest. The center fielder usually decides who should catch fly balls.

The team can decide where to put the infielders and outfielders. Players often shift their positioning because of how the game is going. They may change positions at any time.

Pitching

File:Baseball pitching motion
How the pitcher moves.

Teams can change pitchers during a game. Team chang there pichers often because its hard for a picher to do a full game of nine innings. A picher can sometimes throw a no hitter where no one on the opposite team gets a earned hit. A team can use as many pitchers as it wants to, but it is rare to use more than eight in a game. The ways that a pitcher throws the ball are called pitches. Most pitchers use two or more different pitches. Pitchers change their pitches so that the batter will not know exactly what kind of pitch will be thrown. This makes it more difficult for the batter to hit the ball. Pitchers can make the ball move differently: faster or slower, closer or farther from the batter, higher or lower. Pitches are usually categorized into three categories: fastballs, change-ups ("off speed pitches"), and breaking (balls that curve) balls.

There are many types of break/off-speed pitches, such as the slurve, curve, slider, splitter, sinker, screw, 2-seam cut, 2-seam screw, knuckle, knuckle curve, change-up, circle change-up, palm ball, and others.

When throwing the ball, the pitcher must touch the pitcher's rubber with his foot. The pitcher's rubber is on top of the mound. So the pitcher cannot take more than one step forward when he throws the ball. That makes the pitcher throw the ball slower. Most major-league pitchers can throw the ball up to ninety miles per hour (145 km/h). Throwing a baseball that fast can be bad for the body. Pitchers can end up with a lot of injuries.

The batting team

The batting team wants to get runs. The batting team sends its players up to home plate in a special order. This order is called the lineup. Each team chooses its lineup at the start of the game. After the game starts, the team cannot change the order. But the team can use a player who was not on the lineup. The new player has to change with an original player. The new player's name is written in the lineup where the original player's name was. After the ninth player has batted, the first player in the lineup starts again. If a runner comes to home plate, he scores a run. Then he is not a base runner. After scoring a run, the player must leave the field until it is his turn again. So a player can only score one run for each time he bats.

Since people began to have more free time, baseball has become the national pastime of America. About 12 million people play baseball in the United States.

Baseball terms

The field

See the image above for a diagram of the playing field.
  • Base: One of four places on the field the players must go to. The player starts at Home plate and must go to each of the other bases in order and return to Home plate to score a run. The other bases are named First base, Second base and Third base. Home plate is a piece of hard rubber and the other bases are made of cloth. In professional baseball, the bases are 90ft from each other. The bases are on the field in the shape of a diamond.
  • Baseline: the line between each of the bases in order. For example, from home plate to first base, from first base to second base, and so on.
  • Base path: The area along the baseline where the players run from base to base.
  • Ball: A pitch that was thrown outside the strike zone and that the batter did not swing at.
  • Strike: A pitch that was thrown inside the strike zone and that the batter did not swing at, or a pitch that the batter swung at and missed, or a ball that the batter hit into foul grounds.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 16, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Derek Jeter, which are similar to those in the above article.