Baseball uniform: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Baseball uniform

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An example of nineteenth-century baseball uniforms

A baseball uniform is a type of uniform worn by baseball players. Most baseball uniforms have the names and uniform numbers of players who wear them, usually on the backs of the uniforms to distinguish players from one other. Baseball shirts (jerseys), pants, shoes, socks, caps, and glove are parts of baseball uniforms. Most uniforms have different logos and colors to tell which team is which.[1] Uniforms are also worn to identify the two teams and officials apart.[2][2]

Baseball uniforms were first worn by the New York Knickerbockers Baseball Club in 1849.[3][4][5] Today, sales of replica uniforms and derivative branded products generate large amounts of income for Major League teams through merchandising.

Contents

History

Advertisements

Early developments

The New York Knickerbockers were the first baseball team to use uniforms, taking the field on April 4, 1849 in pants made of blue wool, white flannel shirts and straw hats.[3][3][4][5][6] The practice of wearing a uniform soon spread, and by 1900, all Major League Baseball teams had adopted them.[7] By 1882 most uniforms included stockings, which covered the leg from foot to knee, and were used to differentiate one club from another. The uniforms themselves had different colors and patterns that reflected the different baseball positions. [8] In the late 1880s, the Detroit Wolverines and Washington Nationals of the National League and the Brooklyn Bridegrooms of the American Association were the first to utilise striped uniforms.[3][9][10]

Home and road uniforms

Jeff Tesreau, wearing a New York Giants' pinstriped baseball uniform, c.1912–18

By the end of the 19th century, teams began the practice of wearing one of two different uniforms, one when they played in their own baseball stadium and a different one when they played on the road. It became common to wear white at home and one of gray, solid dark blue, or black on the road.[11] An early examples of this is the Brooklyn Superbas, who started to use a blue pattern for their road uniforms in 1907.[7]

In 1916, on the Giants' road uniforms, purple lines gave their uniforms a tartan-like effect and another kind of road uniform was a solid dark blue or black material with white around this time. The Kansas City Athletics home and road uniforms were changed by Charles O. Finley in 1963, to the colors of gold and green.[12] Some teams used light blue for their road uniforms from the 1970s to the early 1990s.[7] Early striped patterns developed into long stripes along the length of the uniforms, called pinstriping. This was first worn on some major league baseball team's uniforms in 1907,[11] and the pinstripes were then widened in 1912, so that the crowd could see them more clearly.[11]

The Brooklyn Bridegrooms started to use pinstriping in 1907, 1916 and 1917.[3][10] Satin and other items were added soon after pinstripes were added.[3][10][13] Pinstripes were commonly worn on the uniforms of the New York Yankees. Legend had it that the stripes were adopted to make Babe Ruth look slimmer,[14] but since the Yankees had already been wearing pinstripes a few years before Ruth played for them in 1912, the legend was found to be a myth.[15] The Yankees' pinstripes on their home uniforms soon became a symbol of them and the team.[15]

In 1916, the Cleveland Indians became the first team to add numbers on their uniforms, positioned on the left sleeve of the home uniforms only. (Okkonen, p. 36, p. 120)[11] In 1929, numbers were first added on the backs of uniforms by the New York Yankees and the Cleveland Indians.[16] By 1932, all major league baseball teams had numbers on their players' uniforms.[7][16] The Brooklyn Dodgers, in 1952, became the first baseball team to add numbers to the fronts of their uniforms.[17][18][19]

Cap styles

A baseball team and their uniforms in the 1870s.

Caps, or other types of headgear with eye-shades, have been a part of baseball uniforms from the beginning.[20][21] Baseball teams often wore full-brimmed straw hats or no cap at all since there was no official rule regarding headgear.[22]

From the 1840s to the 1870s, baseball players various types of hats, such as straw hats, boating caps, jockey caps, and even cycling caps. Caps, or other types of headgear with eye-shades, have been a part of baseball uniforms since the beginning.[21][23] The Brooklyn Excelsiors were the first team to wear what would later become the baseball cap, with its distinctive rounded top and peak, in the 1860s.[24]

By the early years of the twentieth century, it became common for players to wear hats with rounded tops, but some persisted with flat-topped caps, such as the Giants in 1916, and the Pittsburgh Pirates as recently as during the 1979 World Series.[11] In recent years, baseball caps have changed very little,[11] although over time, the peak has enlarged slightly to further protect the player's eyes from the sun.[25]

The Philadelphia Athletics in 1874 wearing their baseball uniforms

Shoes

In the late 19th century, soft but durable leather shoes were the preferred choice of baseball players.

In the 1970s, as artificial turf became prominent on baseball fields, modifications to footwear became necessary.[26] Detachable spikes became popular in the 20th century, as they helped players to avoid slipping, especially on turf, but they were banned in 1976.[27]

In the 19th century and the first part of the 20th, baseball shoes were commonly black in color. In the 1960s, the Kansas City Athletics began wearing revolutionary white shoes.[28]

Stockings and pants

Alfonso Soriano wearing traditional knee-breeches.

Inspired by the Cincinnati Red Stockings, the stocking colors of teams in the 1860s onward were a principal device in distinguishing one team from another (hence team names such as Chicago White Stockings, St. Louis Brown Stockings (or Browns), etc.). Except for a few "candy-cane” varieties (particularly by the Giants, St. Louis Cardinals and Washington Senators), striping was quite minimal during the 1920s and, in contrast, a revival of other sorts in the early '30s.[29]

By the 1990s, new styles of close-trimmed pants legs made it possible for players to wear pants that ran clear to the shoetops, in lieu of the traditional knee-breeches style that had prevailed for generations. This led to a violation of the literal concept of a "uniform", in that different players on a given team might wear knee-length and full-length pants on the field at the same time. Players such as Manny Ramirez have taken this fashion trend to an extreme, wearing loose-fitting pants whose legs nearly lap under the heels of the shoes. Meanwhile, players such as Alfonso Soriano continue to wear the traditional knee-breeches, though most of these players still lack the traditional stirrups.

Manny Ramirez wearing loose-fitting pants

Graphics and logos

Jim Creighton sporting an Old English "E" for his team, Excelsior, ca.1860-1862.
Baseball-cap logos of the 30 MLB franchises. MLB uniform-cap logos are unique amongst the big four North American sports in that in most cases they tend to represent the team's location rather than the team name or mascot.

From the beginning, graphic designs were used to identify teams. Often an Old English letter was worn on the chest. This style survives with the Detroit Tigers and their gothic style "D" on their home shirts. Road jerseys were more likely to identify the city, as with the Tigers wearing the word "Detroit" on their road shirts. The Oakland Athletics, who used to feature an Old English "A" on their jerseys, currently have the logo on their caps.

As official nicknames gained prominence in the early 1900s (in contrast to media-generated and unofficial nicknames of prior generations), pictorial logos began emerging as part of the team's marketing. Some early examples include a small red tiger on the black cap of the 1901 Detroit Tigers, as they were officially the Tigers from the beginning; and a bear cub logo on the Chicago Cubs shirts by 1907, as that unofficial nickname was then adopted officially by the club.

In another famous example, the Boston Americans (an unofficial designation that merely distinguished them from their across-the-tracks rivals) adopted the Nationals' abandoned red stockings in 1908, and have been the Boston Red Sox officially ever since then.[30]

By the 1930s, nearly every team had distinctive logos, letters or the team nickname on their home shirts, as part of the team's marketing. The trend of the city name on the road jerseys continued. In recent years, with team nicknames being so strongly associated with the clubs, logos that were once only used at home also turned up on road jerseys, in place of city names.

See also

Notes

  • Marc Okkonen, Baseball Uniforms of the 20th Century: The Official Major League Baseball Guide, 1991.

References

  1. ^ Robert Riles (8 April 2008). "History of Baseball Uniforms". www.americanchronicle.com. http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/57907. Retrieved 2008-06-25.  
  2. ^ a b Robert Riles (8 April 2008). "The American Chronicle". www.americanchronicle.com. http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/57907. Retrieved 2008-06-25.  
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Baseball Uniforms in the Major Leagues: The Evolution of the Battle Suit". www.articlesbase.com. http://www.articlesbase.com/baseball-articles/history-of-baseball-uniforms-in-the-major-leagues-126428.html. Retrieved 2008-07-15.  
  4. ^ a b "Date when the New York Knickerbockers wore the first baseball uniforms and what they were made of". iterpret.co.za. http://www.19cbaseball.com/sessearch.php?q=uniforms. Retrieved 2008-06-30.  
  5. ^ a b "History Of Baseball Uniforms In The Major Leagues". interpret.co.za. http://interpret.co.za/art/Recreation-and-Sport/Baseball/history_of_baseball_uniforms_in_the_major_leagues.php. Retrieved 2008-05-02.  
  6. ^ "The history of the baseball uniform at the National Baseball Hall of Fame". exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org. http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/introduction.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-14.  
  7. ^ a b c d "Baseball Uniforms of the 20th Century by Baseball Almanac". www.baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/articles/uniforms.shtml. Retrieved 2008-05-02.  
  8. ^ "The history of the baseball uniform at the National Baseball Hall of Fame". exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org. http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/timeline_1882.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-11.  
  9. ^ "National Baseball Hall of Fame - Dressed to the Nines - Uniform Database". exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org. http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/database.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-02.  
  10. ^ a b c "History Of Baseball Uniforms In The Major Leagues". www.isnare.com. http://www.isnare.com/?aid=139237&ca=Sports. Retrieved 2008-07-15.  
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Baseball uniforms at Baseball Almanac.com". baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/articles/uniforms.shtml. Retrieved 2008-05-28.  
  12. ^ "Charlie Finley: Baseball's Barnum". Time.com. August 18, 1975. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,917734-7,00.html. Retrieved 2008-06-28.  
  13. ^ "History of Pinstriping". www.customauthenticjerseys.com. http://www.customauthenticjerseys.com/mlb/130-mlb-history-–-pinstripes/. Retrieved 2008-06-29.  
  14. ^ "New York Yankees using pinstripes to make Babe Ruth look slimmer". query.nytimes.com. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B07E0DA1431F937A15753C1A9669C8B63&sec=&spon=. Retrieved 2008-07-14.  
  15. ^ a b "Major League Baseball history of pinstripes". www.customauthenticjerseys.com. http://www.customauthenticjerseys.com/mlb/130-mlb-history-–-pinstripes/. Retrieved 2008-08-13.  
  16. ^ a b "MLB Uniform History - Jersey Numbers". www.customauthenticjerseys.com. http://www.customauthenticjerseys.com/mlb/93-mlb-uniform-history-jersey-numbers/. Retrieved 2008-07-15.  
  17. ^ "American Chronicle: History of Baseball Uniforms". www.americanchronicle.com. http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/57907. Retrieved 2008-07-10.  
  18. ^ "Baseball Uniforms - History of Baseball Uniforms". www.pr-inside.com. http://www.pr-inside.com/baseball-uniforms-history-of-baseball-r526372.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-02.  
  19. ^ "National Baseball Hall of Fame - Dressed to the Nines - Parts of the Uniform". Baseball Hall of Fame. http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/jerseys.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-02.  
  20. ^ "A short history of the baseball cap.(The Home Forum) - The Christian Science Monitor — HighBeam Research". www.highbeam.com. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-55808234.html. Retrieved 2008-05-02.  
  21. ^ a b "BBC NEWS". news.bbc.co.uk. 2004-04-27. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/3660333.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-02.  
  22. ^ "Celebrating the rich history of baseball caps". mlb.mlb.com. http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20070827&content_id=2174187&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb. Retrieved 2008-06-29.  
  23. ^ "A short history of the baseball cap.(The Home Forum) - The Christian Science Monitor". www.highbeam.com. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-55808234.html. Retrieved 2008-05-02.  
  24. ^ "History of baseball caps". www.srfboy.com. http://www.srfboy.com/baseball/baseballhat.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-29.  
  25. ^ "History of baseball caps and how it is made". www.madehow.com. http://www.madehow.com/Volume-4/Baseball-Cap.html. Retrieved 2008-06-29.  
  26. ^ "Baseball Shoes". Baseball information. Baseball.mu. http://www.baseball.mu/baseball-shoes.html. Retrieved 2008-05-03.  
  27. ^ "Baseball Uniform". www.articlesbase.com. http://www.articlesbase.com/online-business-articles/baseball-uniform-580658.html. Retrieved 2008-11-30.  
  28. ^ "Victory Custom Athletic - Baseball Uniforms - Baseball Team Uniforms". www.victory-la.com. http://www.victory-la.com/. Retrieved 2008-05-02.  
  29. ^ "www.villagevoice.com". www.villagevoice.com. http://www.villagevoice.com/news/0123,lukas,25337,3.html. Retrieved 2008-05-03.  
  30. ^ "History of the Boston Americans and their uniforms". www.redsoxnation.com. http://www.redsoxconnection.com/stories/pilgrims.html. Retrieved 2008-05-27.  

External links


Simple English

File:1896 Baltimore
An example of a baseball team's uniforms in the 19th century. These are the Baltimore Orioles in 1896.

A baseball uniform is a special kind of clothing that baseball players wear. They mostly do this to show that their job is related to playing the sport, baseball. Most baseball uniforms have the names and uniform numbers of players who wear them on the uniform somewhere, usually on the backs of the uniforms to tell different baseball players from each other. Baseball shirts, pants, shoes, socks, caps, and helmets are parts of baseball uniforms. Players also wear gloves, but they are not considered part of the uniform, since the players can choose their own glove. Most uniforms have different logos and colors to tell which team is which.[1]

Baseball uniforms were first worn by the New York Knickerbockers Baseball Club in the 1800s. Their uniforms were pants made of blue wool, white flannel shirts and straw hats.[2][3][4] Since then, the uniforms have gone through many changes.[5] More items, ideas, and many other improvements were done and added to baseball uniforms over the years. The style of baseball uniforms also changed, little by little over time.[2]

Contents

History

Creation

On April 4, 1849,[2] the New York Knickerbockers became the first team to use uniforms.[4][6][7] In 1882, different colors that showed the different fielding positions each player had were added on uniforms and stockings (garment covering the foot and lower part of the leg).[8] In 1888 and 1889, the Detroit Wolverines and Washington Nationals of the National League and the Brooklyn Bridegrooms of the American Association added stripes to their uniforms.[2][4][9][10] By 1900, all players in Major League Baseball teams were using uniforms.[11]

Home and road uniforms

[[File:|thumb|right|200px|Jeff Tesreau wearing the baseball uniform of the New York Giants around 1912–18]] By the end of the 19th century, baseball teams started wearing two different uniforms. They wore one uniform when they played in their own baseball stadium (called "home games", "playing at home") and another when they played at another team's baseball stadium ("away or road games", "playing on the road"). It became normal to wear white at home and either gray, solid dark blue, or black colors on the road.[12] In 1907, the Brooklyn Superbas used a blue pattern for their road uniforms. The New York Giants later used a pattern almost the same as to what the Brooklyn Superbas used on their road uniforms.[13]

In 1916, on the Giants' uniforms, many purple lines gave them a tartan-like color. At this time, another kind of road uniform was a solid dark blue or black material with white. In 1963, Charles O. Finley changed his Kansas City Athletics home and road uniforms.[14] They were changed to the colors of gold and green.[14] In the 1970s, some teams used light blue for their road uniforms.[11]

Pinstripes and numbers

Pinstriping (long vertical stripes along uniforms) were created in the 19th century.[15] They were first worn on some major league baseball team's uniforms in 1907.[4][12] The pinstripes were soon widened in 1912, so that people could see them more easily.[12] Pinstriping was used again when the Brooklyn Bridegrooms started to wear them in 1907, 1916 and 1917.[2][10] During that time when the striped uniforms were made again, other things for the baseball uniform were added, such as satin.[2][10][16] The team that often wore pinstripes was the New York Yankees. They were first used in 1912. But the Yankees' pinstripes (on their home uniforms) have become a symbol of the Yankees.[15] Because of that, books about the Yankees started to be made with pinstriped covers.[15]

File:Manny
Manny Ramirez wearing loose-fitting pants

Numbers were first added to uniforms by the Cleveland Indians in 1916.[12][17] In 1929, numbers were first added on the backs of baseball uniforms by the New York Yankees and the Cleveland Indians baseball teams.[18] By the 1930s, it was normal for baseball uniforms to have numbers on them. The Yankees were one of the first baseball teams to wear uniform numbers.[11][18] This was because of their normal position in the New York Yankee's batting order (Babe Ruth 3, Lou Gehrig 4, etc).[11][18]

By 1932,a majority of slayer fans also wore basball uniforms.[11][18] The numbers were on the backs of the shirts, with the team name or logo on the front. But in 1952, the Brooklyn Dodgers were the first team to put numbers on the fronts of baseball uniforms.[4][19][20] As players began to have their own numbers on their uniforms, "retiring" a number of special baseball players started to happen. While testing new ideas to add to baseball uniforms, new designs and ideas were created. For example, the Houston Astros of the 1970s and 1980s, added numbers on the fronts of pockets on pants as well as on the back of their shirts.

File:1874 Philadelphia Athletics
The Philadelphia Athletics in 1874 wearing their baseball uniforms

Patches

Shoulder patches on baseball uniforms were worn usually in honor of something. The first patches to be used on major league uniforms were worn by the Chicago White Sox in 1907.[11] The first patch to be worn on all 16 major league uniform sleeves in one year was in 1939.[11] The second time patches were used in all the professional baseball teams, also with the minor leagues, was done in honor of the grand opening of baseball’s Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York.[11] The third patch to be worn by all teams, was the rectangular Major League Baseball centennial patch in 1969 in honor of 100 years of professional baseball.[11] Many of the ballpark anniversaries have also inspired special patches to those who have recently died have been using patches rather than the traditional black arm bands (an item a person wears) of earlier decades.[11]

Cap styles

From the 1840s to the 1870s, baseball players wore many kinds of hats, such as straw hats. Caps, or other kinds of headgear with eye shades (something that shades a person's eyes), have been a part of baseball uniforms since they were first created.[21][22] In 1860, the Brooklyn Excelsiors were the first team to wear what would later become the baseball cap.[23] Before that, teams often wore full-brimmed straw hats or no cap at all since there was no official rule in baseball about whether players had to wear caps or not.[24] By the early 1900s, rounded top parts of a hat became the normal fashion. Other teams would sometimes use the flat-topped cap, such as the Giants in 1916, and the Pittsburgh Pirates in their 1979 World Series championship.[12] Baseball caps have changed very little in recent decades.[12] Over time, a bigger sun visor (the front of caps) has been made. The reason of the cap stays the same: to protect the player's eyes from the sun.[25]

Shoes

In the late 19th century, baseball players started to wear the soft but long-lasting leather shoes. Soon, removable spikes were designed and were used many times until 1976, when they were banned from baseball games. Soon after, white shoes, as well as solid reds and blues, became popular. As artificial turf was used more in baseball fields, changes to shoes were needed.[26] In the 19th and 20th centuries, baseball shoes were mostly colored black. The Kansas City Athletics designed new white shoes in the 1960s.[27]

Stockings

File:CyYoung photo and
A photograph (left) and painting (right) of Cy Young wearing a red stocking on the front of his uniform, although both images are without color

The stocking colors of teams were a way of telling one team from another. Stockings in 1900 were made of wool that were high in weight and were made of one-piece at full-length (above the knee).[11] The foot covering part below the ankle bone was colored white or natural wool.[11] It often created the illusion of stirrups.[11] In 1868, the Cincinnati Red Stockings started to play in short trousers so their stockings could be seen. This led to the team's nickname.[28] Teams started to be called the Chicago White Stockings or the St. Louis Brown Stockings because of what colored stockings they wore at the time. Some teams wore "candy cane" stockings instead of stripes during the 1920s; these included the Giants, St. Louis Cardinals and Washington Senators.[29]

File:Alfonso Soriano
Alfonso Soriano wearing traditional knee-breeches (clothing that males wear that covers the body from the waist down)

Graphics and logos

From the beginning, graphic designs were used to tell different teams apart. An Old English letter was worn on the fronts of baseball uniforms on the chest. This style is still being used today by the Detroit Tigers and their Gothic style "D" on their home uniforms. Road jerseys were able to tell the city the team it is from, as with the Tigers wearing the word "Detroit" on their road uniform shirts meaning the team's home city is Detroit, Michigan.[11] Some early examples are a small red tiger on the black cap of the uniforms of the Detroit Tigers in 1901, as they were officially the Tigers from the beginning; and a bear cub logo on the Chicago Cubs' uniforms by 1907, as that unofficial nickname later become the official name of the baseball club.[11] In another famous example, the Boston Americans (an unofficial name that made it easier to tell different teams apart) used the Nationals' red stockings in 1908 since the Nationals did not use them anymore. They have been called the Boston Red Sox ever since.[30]

Baseball gloves

[[File:|250px|thumb|right|An example of today's baseball glove made of leather, laces around the fingers, a web on a small pocket on the side, and a glove web on the side also]]

A baseball glove is a leather glove that baseball players wear. They are used to catch a baseball that are hit by a batter or thrown by an outfielder. When baseball gloves were first made, they were not used very much. Many baseball players who first wore baseball gloves or a type of them were often teased and taunted when they were used.[31]

The first baseball glove to be worn was by catcher Doug Allison in 1870. Allison's hands were split and cracked open from catching in other games earlier in the week.[32] He decided to wear something that would protect his hands so that they would not be damaged more. He got laughed and mocked at by his teammates because of his glove.[32] In 1875, five years later, first baseman Charlie Waitt wore a glove for protection. His teammates also laughed at him.[32] When baseball star Albert Spalding started to use baseball gloves for protection, more baseball players started to do what he did also because of his fame. Soon, all baseball players started to wear baseball gloves.[32]

In 1920, Bill Doak, a pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals, asked that a web be placed between the first finger and the thumb of the glove for more protection.[32] This was because more baseball players started to have more cuts and bruises because baseballs were thrown harder.[32] This design was soon added to baseball gloves, and webbed gloves were starting to be used by all baseball players. In the 1940s, gloves would lace the fingers together for more control using the glove. The most recent idea added to baseball gloves was making the pocket of the glove deeper and finally making small baskets in the glove so that pitchers can hide their pitching grip.[32]

Baseball helmets

Baseball helmets are hard hats that baseball batters wear to protect their head from a baseball being hit or thrown at them. Roger Bresnahan created the first batting helmet after getting hit in the head one game. From here, helmets started to be worn by more players, and then players had to wear them in the seventies.[11] Usually they try to make a design the same look as the regular home cap, and the same helmets are used on the road even if the soft road cap is different when looking at it.[11] Sometimes, for practical reasons, the batting helmets that were used around the 20th century are still being used even after it was redesigned in recent years.[11]

Today's uniforms

Baseball uniforms have changed very much from many years ago when each part of the baseball uniform was created. However, many parts of baseball uniforms made many years ago are still being used today. For example; since each part of baseball uniforms were created, they improved until today, such as baseball gloves that now have small pockets, laced fingers, and many other technologies. Another example would be that very few major league baseball players wear matching colored shoes and shoes that are completely black, although they did in the 19th and 20th centuries.[12] Baseball numbers on backs and fronts of uniforms are still on backs and fronts of baseball uniforms today, and have been since 1932.[18] Players' last names are also on the backs of baseball uniforms today.

The cloth used on baseball uniforms are also still being used today with some improvements. Often, a team will have a home uniform, an away uniform, a "Sunday game" uniform, uniforms that are worn only during batting practice, and uniforms worn only on special events. Also in recent years, there has been an increase in the popularity of the throwback uniform.[33] Current Major League Baseball uniforms have to follow rules, such as no advertisements on uniforms and that all players must wear their number on the back of the uniform.[34]

Other pages

References

General
  • Marc Okkonen, Baseball Uniforms of the 20th Century: The Official Major League Baseball Guide, 1991.
Specific
  1. Robert Riles (8 April 2008). "History of Baseball Uniforms". www.americanchronicle.com. http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/57907. Retrieved 2008-06-25. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Baseball Uniforms in the Major Leagues: The Evolution of the Battle Suit". www.articlesbase.com. http://www.articlesbase.com/baseball-articles/history-of-baseball-uniforms-in-the-major-leagues-126428.html. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  3. "The history of the baseball uniform at the National Baseball Hall of Fame". exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org. http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/introduction.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-14. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "American Chronicle: History of Baseball Uniforms". www.americanchronicle.com. http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/57907. Retrieved 2008-07-10. 
  5. "Uniforms of the 19th century are different from toda's". www.prlog.org. http://www.prlog.org/10072203-baseball-uniforms-history-of-baseball-uniforms.html. Retrieved 2008-07-10. 
  6. "Date when the New York Knickerbockers wore the first baseball uniforms and what they were made of". iterpret.co.za. http://www.19cbaseball.com/sessearch.php?q=uniforms. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  7. "History Of Baseball Uniforms In The Major Leagues". interpret.co.za. http://interpret.co.za/art/Recreation-and-Sport/Baseball/history_of_baseball_uniforms_in_the_major_leagues.php. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  8. "The history of the baseball uniform at the National Baseball Hall of Fame". exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org. http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/timeline_1882.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  9. "National Baseball Hall of Fame - Dressed to the Nines - Uniform Database". exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org. http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/database.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 "History Of Baseball Uniforms In The Major Leagues". www.isnare.com. http://www.isnare.com/?aid=139237&ca=Sports. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  11. 11.00 11.01 11.02 11.03 11.04 11.05 11.06 11.07 11.08 11.09 11.10 11.11 11.12 11.13 11.14 11.15 11.16 11.17 "Baseball Uniforms of the 20th Century by Baseball Almanac". www.baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/articles/uniforms.shtml. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 "Baseball uniforms at Baseball Almanac.com". baseball-almanac.com. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/articles/uniforms.shtml. Retrieved 2008-05-28. 
  13. "The Official Site of The San Francisco Giants:History: Giants Uniforms and Logos". sanfrancisco.giants.mlb.com. http://sanfrancisco.giants.mlb.com/sf/history/uniforms_logos.jsp. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Charlie Finley: Baseball's Barnum". Time.com. Monday, Aug. 18, 1975. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,917734-7,00.html. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 "Major League Baseball history of pinstripes". www.customauthenticjerseys.com. http://www.customauthenticjerseys.com/mlb/130-mlb-history-–-pinstripes/. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  16. "History of Pinstriping". www.customauthenticjerseys.com. http://www.customauthenticjerseys.com/mlb/130-mlb-history-–-pinstripes/. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  17. Okkonen, p.36, p.120
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 "MLB Uniform History - Jersey Numbers". www.customauthenticjerseys.com. http://www.customauthenticjerseys.com/mlb/93-mlb-uniform-history-jersey-numbers/. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  19. "Baseball Uniforms - History of Baseball Uniforms". www.pr-inside.com. http://www.pr-inside.com/baseball-uniforms-history-of-baseball-r526372.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  20. "National Baseball Hall of Fame - Dressed to the Nines - Parts of the Uniform". Baseball Hall of Fame. http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/jerseys.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  21. "A short history of the baseball cap.(The Home Forum) - The Christian Science Monitor". www.highbeam.com. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-55808234.html. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  22. "Happy 50th, Baseball caps". BBC news. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/3660333.stm. Retrieved 2004-04-27. 
  23. "History of baseball caps". www.srfboy.com. http://www.srfboy.com/baseball/baseballhat.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  24. "Celebrating the rich history of baseball caps". mlb.mlb.com. http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20070827&content_id=2174187&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  25. "History of baseball caps and how it is made". www.madehow.com. http://www.madehow.com/Volume-4/Baseball-Cap.html. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  26. "Baseball Shoes". Baseball information. Baseball.mu. http://www.baseball.mu/baseball-shoes.html. Retrieved 2008-05-03. 
  27. "Victory Custom Athletic - Baseball Uniforms - Baseball Team Uniforms". www.victory-la.com. http://www.victory-la.com/. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  28. "Parts of the uniform - stockings". Baseball Hall of Fame. http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/stockings.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-25. 
  29. "History of baseball stockings". www.villagevoice.com. http://www.villagevoice.com/news/0123,lukas,25337,3.html. Retrieved 2008-05-03. 
  30. "History of the Boston Americans and their uniforms". www.redsoxnation.com. http://www.redsoxconnection.com/stories/pilgrims.html. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  31. "A Brief History of the Baseball Glove". www.lasr.net. http://www.lasr.net/recreationarticles.php?A+Brief+History+of+the+Baseball+Glove&ID=330. Retrieved 2008-07-12. 
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 32.5 32.6 "The History of the Baseball Glove". www.sportales.com. http://www.sportales.com/Baseball/The-History-of-the-Baseball-Glove.75662. Retrieved 2008-07-12. 
  33. "Baseball throwback uniforms with pictures of throwback uniforms". ESPN Page 2. http://espn.go.com/page2/s/newlook/throwback/baseball.html. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  34. "Official Rules of Major League Baseball". MLB.com. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/official_info/official_rules/objectives_1.jsp. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 

Other websites

Listen to this article · (info)
File:Baseball uniform.ogg
This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2009-03-16, and does not play the most recent changes to the article. (Audio help)
Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found
Wikimedia Commons has images, video, and/or sound related to:


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message