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The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision is an institution created by the central bank Governors of the Group of Ten nations . It was created in 1974 and meets regularly four times a year.

The Committee's members come from Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hong Kong SAR, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States. The Committee usually meets at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) in Basel, Switzerland, where its 12 member permanent Secretariat is located. The Committee is often referred to as the BIS Committee after its meeting location. However, the BIS and the Basel Committee remain two distinct entities.[1]

The Basel Committee formulates broad supervisory standards and guidelines and recommends statements of best practice in banking supervision (see bank regulation or Basel II Accord, for example) in the expectation that member authorities and other nations' authorities will take steps to implement them through their own national systems, whether in statutory form or otherwise.

The purpose of the committee is to encourage convergence toward common approaches and standards. Dieter Kerwer reports that "the BCBS is not a classical multilateral organization. It has no founding treaty, and it does not issue binding regulation. Rather, its main function is to act as an informal forum to find policy solutions and to promulgate standards." (pp 619) [2]

The present Chairman of the Committee is Nout Wellink, President of the Netherlands Bank,[3] who succeeded Jaime Caruana of the Bank of Spain on 1 July 2006.[4] Actually, the IMF is collaborating with the Committee to improve bank regulation.

See also


  1. ^ Marrison, Chris (2002). The Fundamentals of Risk Measurement. New York, New York: McGraw Hill. pp. 340–342. ISBN 0-07138627-0. 
  2. ^ Kerwer, Dieter (October 2005). "Rules that many use : standards and global regulation". Governance 18 (4): 611–632. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0491.2005.00294.x. 
  3. ^ Fact sheet - Basel Committee on Banking Supervision at the Bank for International Settlements website
  4. ^ Nout Wellink to succeed Jaime Caruana as Chairman of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision at the Bank for International Settlements website

External links



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