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A Darughachi (also referred to as a darugha) was originally an official in the Mongol Empire in charge of taxes and administration in a certain province (they were sometimes referred to as governors).[1] The term corresponds to the Persian shahna and the Turkic basqaq (also spelled baskak) and to tal u hua ch'i in Chinese.

A darugha from the Horde to a Rus' city.

In Russia, the darughachis, almost always referred to as baskaki in the Russian sources,[2] appear in thirteenth-century soon after the Mongol Conquest but were withdrawn by 1328 and the Grand Prince of Vladimir (usually but not always the prince of Moscow) became the khan's tax collector and imperial son in law (kürgen), entrusted with gathering the dan' or tribute from the Rus' principalities for the Golden Horde.[3]

In the 13th century, chiefs of Mongol darugas stationed in Vladimir[4] and Baghdad[5].

After 1921 the word Darga (boss) (Khalkha pronouncation of darugha) replaced the aristocratic noyan as the term for officials in Mongolia.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Elizabeth Endicott-West, Mongolian Rule in China, Local Administration in the Yuan Dynasty (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1989); Idem, " Imperial Governance in Yuan Times," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, 46.2 (1986): 523-549.
  2. ^ See for example the reference to one under the year 1269 in A. N. Nasonov, ed., Novgorodskaia Pervaia Letopis Starshego i Mladshego Izvodov (Moscow and Leningrad: AN SSSR, 1950), 319.
  3. ^ Charles J. Halperin, Russia and the Golden Horde: The Mongol Impact on Medieval Russian History(Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987); Donald Ostrowski, Muscovy and the Mongols: Cross-Cultural Influences on the Steppe Frontier, 1304-1589 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).
  4. ^ Henry Hoyle Howorth-History of the Mongols from the 9th to the 19th Century. Part 2., p.128
  5. ^ Judith G. Kolbas-The Mongols in Iran: Chingiz Khan to Uljaytu, 1220-1309, p.156
  6. ^ C.P.Atwood-Encyclopedia of Mongolia, p.412
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