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Four styles of basket

A basket is a container which is traditionally constructed from stiff fibres, often made of willow. [1]. The top is either left open or the basket may be fitted with a lid.

The plant life available in a region affects the choice of material, which in turn influences the weaving technique. Rattan and other members of the Arecaceae or palm tree family, the thin grasses of temperate regions, and broad-leaved tropical bromeliads each require a different method of twisting and braiding to be made into a basket.

Although baskets were probably created to serve a utilitarian rather than an aesthetic purpose, the practice of basket making has evolved into an art. Artistic freedom allows basket makers a wide choice of colors, materials, sizes, patterns, and details.

Archaeological sites in the Middle East show that weaving techniques were used to make mats and possibly also baskets, circa 8 000 BC. Baskets made with interwoven techniques were common at 3 000 BC.

The carrying of a basket on the head, particularly by rural women, has long been practiced. Representations of this in Ancient Greek art are called Canephorae.

Overturned woven baskets are used drummed by the Tohono O'odham to accompany songs (Zepeda 1995, p. 89).


Figurative and literary usage

The phrase "to hell in a handbasket" means to rapidly deteriorate. The origin of this use is unclear. "Basket" is sometimes used as an adjective towards a person who is born out of wedlock. This occurs more commonly in British English.

See also


  • Zepeda, Ofelia (1995). Ocean Power: Poems from the Desert. ISBN 0816515417.

External links



Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

Four kinds of Baskets are mentioned in the Old Testament—"dud," "tene," "sal," and "kelub"—but unfortunately without any intimation whatever of the differences of shape or size between them; and even as to their uses only uncertain conclusions can be drawn. "Dud" ("pot," A. V.)is the carrying basket, borne in the hands (Ps 817 [A. V. 6]; 2Kg 10:7; Jer 24:2). It is used in Ps 816 as a symbol of Egyptian bondage, connoting the basket in which the Israelites carried the clay for their bricks. This must therefore have been a large shallow basket such as the ancient Egyptians used for the purpose (Wilkinson, "Ancient Egyptians," i. 379). The term "dud" is applied also to the pot in which meat was boiled (1Sam 2:14), showing that not only the flatformed basket but also a pot-shaped one was known by this name. "Dud" may possibly be a general expression for vessels of various kinds. "Sal" is the term for the basket in which the Egyptian court baker had his confectionery, and which he carried on his head (Gen 40:16). It is also the usual term for the basket in which was placed the meat of the offering (Jdg 6:19), and likewise the unleavened bread (Ex 29:3; Lev 8:2; Num 6:15). It is expressly stated that these unleavened cakes must be placed in such a basket and offered therein. "Sal" refers without doubt, therefore, to a small dish-shaped basket, perhaps of finer texture. Different from this was certainly the "tene," the large deep basket in which grain and other field-products were kept (Deut 28:5, 17), and the tithes transported to the sanctuary (Deut 26:2). Possibly this form of basket resembled that used by the Palestinian peasantry to-day for keeping wheat or oats; it is made of clay and straw and called "ḥabya." This has somewhat the shape of a jar; at the top is the mouth into which grain is poured, and at the bottom a small orifice through which small quantities are taken out as wanted and the opening closed with a rag. The term καρτάλλος, with which the Septuagint translates "tene," denotes a basket of the shape of an inverted cone. The term "kelub," finally, found in Amos 8:1 for a fruit-basket, is used in Jer 5:27 ("cage," A. V. and R. V.) for a bird-cage. It was therefore no doubt a coarsely woven basket with a cover, such as a fowler would use to carry home his captives. The word κοφῖνος used in the New Testament (Mt 14:20 and elsewhere) seems to have meant a specifically Jewish utensil (compare Juvenal, iii. 14, "Quorum cophinus fœnumque suppellex," and Talmudic (missing hebrew text) and (missing hebrew text) ; Jastrow, "Dict." s.v.). In "Corpus Inscriptionum Græcarum," 1625, 46, the word denotes a Bœotian measure of about two gallons, from which fact a conclusion may perhaps be drawn as to the size of the basket.

This entry includes text from the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906.


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