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Striped bass (Morone saxatilis)

Bass (pronounced /ˈbæs/) is a name shared by many different species of popular gamefish. The term encompasses both freshwater and marine species. All belong to the large order Perciformes, or perch-like fishes, and in fact the word bass comes from Middle English bars, meaning "perch."[1]

The temperate basses, such as the striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and white bass (M. chrysops), belonging to the family Moronidae.

Many other species are also known as basses,[2] including:

  • The Australian bass, Macquaria novemaculeata, a member of the temperate perch family, Percichthyidae.
  • The black sea bass, Centropristis striata, a member of the sea bass and sea grouper family, Serranidae.
  • The giant sea bass Stereolepis gigas, also known as the black sea bass, a member of the wreckfish family, Polyprionidae.
  • The Chilean sea bass, Dissostichus eleginoides, more commonly known as the Patagonian toothfish, a member of the cod icefish family, Nototheniidae.
  • The European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax, a member of the temperate bass family, Moronidae.
  • The Largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides, a member of the sunfish family Centrarchidae.
  • The Smallmouth bass, Micropterus dolomieui, a member of the sunfish family Centrarchidae.
  • The Striped bass, Morone saxatilis, a member of the temperate bass family, Moronidae.
  • The spotted bass, Micropterus punctulatus, a member of the sunfish family Centrarchidae.
  • The Lance bass, Bassus lanceulus, a member of the Lance family, bassilae.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Bass1". American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. http://www.bartleby.com/61/51/B0105100.html. 
  2. ^ "List of Common Names with bass". FishBase. http://www.fishbase.org/ComNames/CommonNameSearchList.php?CommonName=bass. Retrieved 6 June 2006. 
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Simple English

For other uses of the word "bass," see bass.


Bass is the name of some species (types) of fish that are often caught for fun. There are freshwater bass (that live in rivers and lakes) and saltwater bass (that live in the ocean). Many bass live in or near North America. Bass are from the order of Perciformes or "perch-like fish". Their name comes from the word for perch.

Some well-known bass species are:

  • temperate basses such as the striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and white bass (M. chrysops), from the family Moronidae.
  • warm water basses, such as the largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), smallmouth bass (M. dolomieu), spotted bass (M. punctulatus), Guadalupe bass (M. treculii) and rock bass (Ambloplites rupestris), from the sunfish family, Centrarchidae. These basses are also called black basses.

Many other species are also called basses, such as:

  • The Australian bass, Macquaria novemaculeata, from the perch family, Percichthyidae.
  • The black sea bass, Centropristis striata, from the family Serranidae.
  • The giant sea bass Stereolepis gigas, also called the black sea bass, from the family Polyprionidae.
  • The Chilean sea bass, Dissostichus eleginoides, more commonly known as the Patagonian toothfish.
  • The European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax.

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