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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 42°42′03″N 9°27′01″E / 42.70083°N 9.45028°E / 42.70083; 9.45028

Commune of Bastia

Corse-bastia-port-ciel-brumeux.jpg
The port
Location
Bastia is located in France
Bastia
Administration
Country France
Region Corsica
Department Haute-Corse
Arrondissement Bastia
Canton 6 cantons
Intercommunality Bastia
Mayor Émile Zuccarelli (PRG)
(2008–2014)
Statistics
Elevation 0–963 m (0–3,200 ft)
(avg. 30 m/98 ft)
Land area1 19.38 km2 (7.48 sq mi)
Population2 43,577  (2006)
 - Density 2,249 /km2 (5,820 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 2B033/ 20200
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bastia (French & Corsican: Bastia), is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. It is also a city and the capital of the department. Bastia is also an important Corsican port and is famous for its wines.

Contents

Geography

Situated in the northeast of Corsica, at the base of Cap Corse, Bastia is the principal port of the island and its principal commercial town. The average annual temperature is about 15.3 °C, and there are usually five days of freezing weather per year. The wind in Bastia is frequent and violent, and the annual rainfall is copious (more than 700 mm). However, there are about 340 days of sunshine per year.

History

Church St Jean Baptiste in Bastia.

Before the occupation of Corsica by the Genoese, Cardo was a large city. Around the city were little villages where the fishermen of Cardo lived. This little port was called Porto Cardo, which means "the port of Cardo."

The Genoese felt the need for shelter from the sea storms and began to construct, in the time of governor Leonello Lomellini, in 1380, a bastiglia, also known as a stronghold or citadel.

With time, the bastiglia (Bastia) became more prosperous and important than Cardo. Bastia was the capital of Corsica until 1791.

In 1794, during a war with Revolutionary France, British troops under Admiral Nelson and Lieutenant-General David Dundas captured Bastia.

Economy

The census of 1999 gives the figure of 39,016 inhabitants, an increase of .01% since 1990. Ten percent of the population consists of foreigners. The unemployment rate is very high, 20% in 2004.

Monuments and places of interest

  • The Museum of Corsica

Miscellaneous

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Famous people

Bastia was the birthplace of:

Sister city

Bastia's sister city is Erding, Bavaria, Germany.

See also

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Bastia is a city on the French island of Corsica.

Bastia
Bastia

Get in

From Bastia Airport, a bus runs almost every hour for €8 - timetable at the tourist information desk at the airport.

Get around

By boat

There are several national and international ferry routes from Bastia, to Ajaccio (Corsica), Genoa (Italy), Marseille, Nice, Livorno (Italy) and Savona. It is very busy during the summer, and it is always best to book early.

See

The Vieux Port ('Old Port') is a wonderful part of the city. Tall, faded buildings surround a marina with posh yachts. There's certainly something of the 'shabby chic' about the place.

Eat

One great location to eat is in one of the many restaurants in the Vieux Port. Most specialise in seafood.

  • Le Jean Bart, Telephone: 04 95 31 36 31. For wonderful moules-frites and puddings.
  • Maison Casanova, Sisco, 0495352015, [1]. Located in a private estate of almost 4 hectares, Maison Casanova is an exclusive villa, beautiful, spacious, and elegant... but at the same time casual, comfortable, and peaceful. Here you will be transported to another era, to another pace of life; where you will totally disconnect from the stress of modern times and find yourself dreaming amongst spreading chestnut and olive trees, old stone churches, protected by ancient watchtowers. Come discover the tranquility, charm, and history of this exquisite 19th century demure.  edit
  • Pietracap, 20 Route de San Martino, [2]. Luxury Hotel with Swimming Pool. Closed mid-Dec to Feb  edit
  • TwililightBlue Hotels, [3]. Selection of Bastia Hotels  edit
  • Sud Hôtel, Avenue de la Libération (1 km from centre of town), 04.95.30.20.61.  edit

Get out

A daily bus runs to Calvi (€20) as well as all other major Corsican cities, and trains run daily to Corte and Ajaccio.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

BASTIA, a town and seaport on the eastern coast of the island of Corsica, 98 m. N.N.E. of Ajaccio by rail. Pop. (1906) 24,509. Bastia, the chief commercial town in Corsica, consists of the densely-populated quarter of the old port with its labyrinth of steep and narrow streets, and of a more modern quarter to the north, which has grown up round the new port. La Traverse, a fine boulevard, intersects the town from north to south. Rising from the sea-shore like an amphitheatre, Bastia presents an imposing appearance, which is enhanced by the loftiness of its houses; it has, however, little of architectural interest to offer. Its churches, of which the largest is San Giovanni Battista, are florid in decoration, as are the law-court, the theatre and the hotel-de-ville. The citadel, which dominates the old port, has a keep of the 24th century. As capital of an arrondissement, Bastia is the seat of a tribunal of first instance and a sub-prefect, while it is also the seat of the military governor of Corsica, of a court of appeal for the whole island, of a court of assizes, and of a tribunal and a chamber of commerce, and has a lycee, a branch of the Bank of France, and a library with between 30,000 and 40,000 volumes. The town has active commerce, especially with Italy. The new port has 1100 ft. of quayage, served by a railway, and with a depth alongside of 25 ft. The total number of vessels entered in 1907 was 721 with a tonnage of 337,551, of which 203,950 were French. The chief exports are chestnut extract for tanning, cedrates, citrons, oranges, early vegetables, fish, copper ore and antimony ore. Imports include coal, grain, flour and wine. Industry consists chiefly in fishing (sardines, &c., and coral), the manufacture of tobacco, oil-distilling, tanning, and the preparation of preserved citron§ and of macaroni and similar provisions.

Bastia dates from the building of the Genoese fortress or "bastille" by Lionello Lomellino in 1383. Under the Genoese it was long the principal stronghold in the north of the island, and the residence of the governor; and in 1553 it was the first town attacked by the French. On the division of the island in 1 797 into the two departments of Golo and Liamone, Bastia remained the capital of the former; but when the two were again united Ajaccio obtained the superiority. The city was taken by the English in 1745 and again in '794.


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Simple English

Bastia is a town and commune of northern Corsica, in France. It is the capital (in french "préfecture") of the Haute-Corse département and has a population of approximately 40,000 inhabitants. Bastia is also an important Corsican port and is famous for its wines.In the city there is a rate of unemployments very high, 20% in 2004.

Contents

Geography

Bastia is situated in the northeast of Corsica, at the base of Cap Corse, Bastia is the main port of the island and its principal commercial town. Often in Bastia there is the wind, sometimes really violent with many The wind in Bastia is frequent and violent, with many rainfall everyyear.

History

Before the occupation of Corsica by the Genoese, Cardo was a large city. Around the city were little villages where the fishermen of Cardo lived. This little port was called Porto Cardo, which means "the port of Cardo."

The Genoese felt the need to defense the city from the sea storms and began to construct walls and builings, in the time of governor Leonello Lomellini, in 1380, a bastiglia, also known as a citadel.

With time, the bastiglia (Bastia) became more prosperous and important than Cardo.

Bastia was the capital of Corsica until 1791.

Places of interest and monuments

  • The Museum of Corsica

Famous people born in Bastia

  • Vincent de Moro Giafferi (1878–1956): lawyer, nicknamed the "Grand Moro"
  • César Campinchi (1882–1941): lawyer and French politician
  • César Vezzani (1888–1951): opera singer
  • John Bernard (1893–1983): American politician
  • Angelo Rinaldi (1940— ): French writer and member of the Académie française
  • Yves Simonpaoli, painter and professor of dentistry
  • Henry Padovani, original guitarist of The Police.

Sister city

Sport

The official football team of Basti is the Sporting Club de Bastia.

Others websites

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Gallery

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