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Batman
.Batman Lee.png
Promotional art for Batman #608 (Oct.^ Batman Second printing cover of Batman #608 (Oct.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

2002, second printing)
Pencils by Jim Lee and inks by Scott Williams
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
First appearance Detective Comics #27
(May 1939)
Created by Bob Kane (concept)
Bill Finger[1]
(developer, uncredited)
In-story information
Alter ego Bruce Wayne
Team affiliations Batman Family
Justice League
Wayne Enterprises
Outsiders
Partnerships Robin
Batgirl
Superman
Notable aliases Matches Malone
Sir Hemingford Grey
.Batman, originally referred to as "the Bat-Man" and still referred to at times as "the Batman", is a fictional character, a comic book superhero co-created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger (although only Kane receives official credit), appearing in publications by DC Comics.^ [Kane] should have credited Bill as co-creator, because I know; I was there.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the time of Finger's death in 1974, DC had not officially credited Finger as Batman co-creator.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Publication information Publisher DC Comics First appearance Detective Comics #27 (May 1939) Created by Bob Kane Bill Finger In story information Alter ego Bruce Wayne Team affiliations Batman Family Justice League Wayne Enterprises Outsiders Partnerships Robin Notable aliases Matches Malone Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a fictional comic book superhero co-created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger (although only Kane receives official credit), appearing in publications by DC Comics.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The character first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939.
.He is additionally known as "the Caped Crusader", "the Dark Knight", "the World's Greatest Detective", or simply "the Bat"; in the original version of the story and the vast majority of subsequent retellings, Batman's secret identity is Bruce Wayne (named for the historical figures Robert the Bruce and "Mad" Anthony Wayne)[2], a playboy, industrialist, and philanthropist.^ Batman returns to his civilian life as multi-millionaire playboy and philanthropist Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In the stories Batman is regarded as one of the world's greatest detectives.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bat, but could never be Bruce Wayne.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Having witnessed the murder of his parents as a child, he swore revenge on crime, an oath tempered with the greater ideal of justice.^ Batman's mission is driven by the singular fact of having witnessed the murder of his parents when he was a child.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ As a young child, Bruce tended to be solitary and withdrawn, a condition only exacerbated by the murder of his parents.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Robin's origin had a typological connection to Batman's in that both witnessed the crime-related deaths of their parents, creating an urge to battle the criminal underworld.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Wayne trains himself both physically and intellectually and dons a bat-themed costume in order to fight crime.^ Witnessing the murder of his parents as a child, Wayne trains himself to physical and intellectual perfection and dons a bat-themed costume in order to fight crime.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Additionally, Batman also moves from Wayne Manor into a penthouse apartment atop the Wayne Foundation building in downtown Gotham City, in order to be closer to Gotham City's crime.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He spent his youth traveling the world, training himself to intellectual and physical perfection and learning a variety of crime-fighting skills, including chemistry, criminology, forensics, martial arts, gymnastics, and disguise.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .Batman operates in the fictional American Gotham City, assisted by various supporting characters including his main sidekick Robin, his butler Alfred Pennyworth, the police commissioner Jim Gordon, and occasional assistance from the heroine Batgirl.^ Supporting characters Main article: Batman supporting characters Batman with his sidekick Robin.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman with Jim Gordon in ally.

^ Commissioner Gordon is on the phone, asking for Batman?"
  • Bruce Wayne Dead- All new Batman #1 [Archive] - NEWSARAMA 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.newsarama.com [Source type: Original source]

.He fights an assortment of villains influenced by the characters' roots in film and pulp magazines.^ Batman operates in the fictional Gotham City, assisted by various supporting characters including his sidekick Robin and his butler Alfred Pennyworth, and fights an assortment of villains influenced by the characters' roots in film and pulp magazines.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman thinks about God the same way Tyler Durden does [referring to the lead character in the novel and film Fight Club ].
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.Unlike most superheroes, he does not possess any superpowers; he makes use of intellect, detective skills, science and technology, wealth, physical prowess, and intimidation in his war on crime.^ Unlike most superheroes, he does not possess any superpowers; he makes use of intellect, detective skills, science and technology, wealth, physical prowess, and intimidation in his war on crime.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Skills, abilities, and resources Unlike many superheroes, Batman has no superpowers and instead relies on "his own scientific knowledge, detective skills, and athletic prowess."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tim uses his brilliant detective skills to work out where the phony Batman's hideout is, but Tim decides not to confront the fake Batman as Robin but as Batman, he uses the silver age Batman suit.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.In 2009, following Wayne's apparent death (in truth, time-displacement), the role of Batman has been taken up by his former ward and the first Robin, Dick Grayson.^ Batman Shut up, Dick.
  • Batman Sucks Forever - An Original Screenplay 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.generationr.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Batman : No time for compliments, Robin.
  • Batman (TV series) - Wikiquote 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The question of whether Nightwing (Batman's former sidekick Dick Grayson, a.k.a.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.Batman became a popular character soon after his introduction and gained his own comic book title, Batman, in 1940. As the decades wore on, differing interpretations of the character emerged.^ As the decades wore on, differing takes on the character emerged.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Comic book characters grouped by religion...
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Featuring characters from Batman comics.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The late 1960s Batman television series used a camp aesthetic which continued to be associated with the character for years after the show ended.^ The 1960s was the same time that Batman: The Series began to air on television.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ The late 1960s Batman television series utilized a camp aesthetic associated with the character for years after the show ended.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What may come as a surprise is that this PSA was produced 4 years after the Batman television show ended.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

.Various creators worked to return the character to his dark roots, culminating in the 1986 miniseries Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, by writer-artist Frank Miller, while the success of film director Tim Burton's 1989 film Batman helped to reignite popular interest in the character.^ The movie was directed by Tim Burton, who was a fan of Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In a scene from Frank Miller's Batman: The Dark Knight Returns (left), Batman has recently returned to action after a decade of retirement.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ The success of director Tim Burton's 1989 film Batman also helped to reignite popular interest in the character.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A cultural icon, Batman has been licensed and adapted into a variety of media, from radio to television and film, and appears on a variety of merchandise sold all over the world.^ A cultural icon, Batman has been licensed and adapted into a variety of media, from radio to television and film, and appears on a variety of merchandise sold all over the world.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman sets out to be an all out actioner and as one it succeeds but it is a poor legacy tyo take the film into..
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The University is also notable for getting many of it's graduates into successful jobs in the film &/or television industry.
  • Bruce Wayne Pilot (WB property) [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Publication history

Creation

.In early 1939, the success of Superman in Action Comics prompted editors at the comic book division of National Publications (the future DC Comics) to request more superheroes for its titles.^ Take a look at the early comic books.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Translations of Superhero stories from DC Comics.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Translations from DC Comics superhero titles.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In response, Bob Kane created "the Bat-Man."[4] Collaborator Bill Finger recalled "Kane had an idea for a character called 'Batman', and he'd like me to see the drawings. .I went over to Kane's, and he had drawn a character who looked very much like Superman with kind of … reddish tights, I believe, with boots … no gloves, no gauntlets … with a small domino mask, swinging on a rope.^ Then he looks after them like he can't remember who they are.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm revised by Warren Skaaren 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ I'd very much like to see you again.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ It looks likes a kind of an arrogance for me...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He had two stiff wings that were sticking out, looking like bat wings.^ The cape looked like two stiff bat wings attached to his arms.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He looked like the Alex Ross Bats.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He had two stiff wings that were sticking out, looking like bat wings.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

And under it was a big sign … BATMAN."[5]
.Finger offered such suggestions as giving the character a cowl instead of a simple domino mask, a cape instead of wings, and gloves, and removing the red sections from the original costume.^ BATMAN.[2] ” Finger offered such suggestions as giving the character a cowl instead of a simple domino mask, a cape instead of wings, and gloves, and removing the red sections from the original costume.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was originally inspired by the drawings of a wing-like cape by Leonardo Da Vinci.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ At this point, the Bat-Man wore a red union suit; the wings, trunks, and mask were black.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6][7] .[8][9] Finger said he devised the name Bruce Wayne for the character's secret identity: "Bruce Wayne's first name came from Robert Bruce, the Scottish patriot.^ Finger said he devised the name Bruce Wayne for the character's secret identity: "Bruce Wayne's first name came from Robert Bruce, the Scottish patriot.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's THE motivation behind the character of Bruce Wayne.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alfred, Bruce Wayne's loyal butler, father figure, and one of the few to know his secret identity, "[lends] a homey touch to Batman's environs and [is] ever ready to provide a steadying and reassuring hand" to the hero and his sidekick.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bruce, being a playboy, was a man of gentry.^ Wayne, being a playboy, was a man of gentry.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As for Bruce Wayne, I doubt anyone expects a billionare playboy to be much of a religious man either.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ The Bruce Wayne/playboy aspect of his character is a facade, while the masked and particularly dark, grim vigilante is marked as the "true" man.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.I searched for a name that would suggest colonialism.^ I searched for a name that would suggest colonialism.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

I tried Adams, Hancock … then I thought of Mad Anthony Wayne."[10] He later said his suggestions were influenced by Lee Falk's popular The Phantom, a syndicated newspaper comic strip character with which Kane was familiar as well.[11]
.Various aspects of Batman's personality, character history, visual design and equipment were inspired by contemporary popular culture of the 1930s, including movies, pulp magazines, comic strips, newspaper headlines, and even aspects of Kane himself.^ Various aspects of Batman's personality, character history, visual design and equipment were inspired by contemporary popular culture of the 1930s, including movies, pulp magazines, comic strips, newspaper headlines, and even aspects of Kane himself.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The religious aspects of Batman's character also vary depending on the writer.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Kane signed away ownership in the character in exchange for, among other compensation, a mandatory byline on all Batman comics.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12] .Kane noted especially the influence of the films The Mark of Zorro (1920) and The Bat Whispers (1930) in the creation of the iconography associated with the character, while Finger drew inspiration from literary characters Doc Savage, The Shadow, and Sherlock Holmes in his depiction of Batman as a master sleuth and scientist.^ Kane noted especially the influence of the films The Mark of Zorro (1920) and The Bat Whispers (1930) in the creation of the iconography associated with the character, while Finger drew inspiration from literary characters Doc Savage, The Shadow, and Sherlock Holmes in his depiction of Batman as a master sleuth and scientist.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although Kane initially rebutted Finger's claims at having created the character, writing in a 1965 open letter to fans that "it seemed to me that Bill Finger has given out the impression that he and not myself created the ''Batman, t' [sic] as well as Robin and all the other leading villains and characters.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another happened in the summer of 2005, when painter Mark Chamberlain displayed a number of watercolors depicting both Batman and Robin in suggestive and sexually explicit poses.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13]
Kane, in his 1989 autobiography, detailed Finger's contributions to Batman's creation:
.
One day I called Bill and said, 'I have a new character called the Bat-Man and I've made some crude, elementary sketches I'd like you to look at'. He came over and I showed him the drawings.^ He looked like the Alex Ross Bats.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You hate what that looks like on screen.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kane himself, in his 1989 autobiography, detailed Finger's contributions to Batman's creation: “ One day I called Bill and said, 'I have a new character called the Bat-Man and I've made some crude, elementary sketches I'd like you to look at'.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the time, I only had a small domino mask, like the one Robin later wore, on Batman's face.^ At the time, I only had a small domino mask, like the one Robin later wore, on Batman's face.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, let it LOOK like Robin this time!!!
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman : No time for compliments, Robin.
  • Batman (TV series) - Wikiquote 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

.Bill said, 'Why not make him look more like a bat and put a hood on him, and take the eyeballs out and just put slits for eyes to make him look more mysterious?'^ Mysterious bat-like figure!

^ He had two stiff wings that were sticking out, looking like bat wings.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bill said, 'Why not make him look more like a bat and put a hood on him, and take the eyeballs out and just put slits for eyes to make him look more mysterious?'
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At this point, the Bat-Man wore a red union suit; the wings, trunks, and mask were black.^ At this point, the Bat-Man wore a red union suit; the wings, trunks, and mask were black.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In its center: the VAST BLACK SILHOUETTE of a BAT, wings extended, DOMINATING the night sky.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman's primary vehicle is the Batmobile, which is usually depicted as an imposing black car with large tailfins that suggest a bat's wings.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.I thought that red and black would be a good combination.^ I thought that red and black would be a good combination.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I always thought that David Bowie would be a good Joker.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the Daytona 500 this weekend marking the beginning of the 2007 NASCAR season, I thought this would be a good time to look at the history of NASCAR and comic books.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

.Bill said that the costume was too bright: 'Color it dark gray to make it look more ominous'. The cape looked like two stiff bat wings attached to his arms.^ The cape looked like two stiff bat wings attached to his arms.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He looked like the Alex Ross Bats.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He had two stiff wings that were sticking out, looking like bat wings.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As Bill and I talked, we realized that these wings would get cumbersome when Bat-Man was in action, and changed them into a cape, scalloped to look like bat wings when he was fighting or swinging down on a rope.^ Bat Man like, I just wish it would have been Bane.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The cape looked like two stiff bat wings attached to his arms.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He looked like the Alex Ross Bats.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also, he didn't have any gloves on, and we added them so that he wouldn't leave fingerprints.^ Also, he didn't have any gloves on, and we added them so that he wouldn't leave fingerprints.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11]
.Kane signed away ownership in the character in exchange for, among other compensation, a mandatory byline on all Batman comics.^ Featuring characters from Batman comics.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Translations of Batman, Archie and other comics.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kane signed away ownership in the character in exchange for, among other compensation, a mandatory byline on all Batman comics.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This byline did not, originally, say "Batman created by Bob Kane"; his name was simply written on the title page of each story.^ This byline did not, originally, say "Batman created by Bob Kane"; his name was simply written on the title page of each story.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kane signed away ownership in the character in exchange for, among other compensation, a mandatory byline on all Batman comics.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the late 1970s, when Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster began receiving a "created by" credit on the Superman titles, along with William Moulton Marston being given the byline for creating Wonder Woman, Batman stories began saying "Created by Bob Kane" in addition to the other credits.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The name disappeared from the comic book in the mid-1960s, replaced by credits for each story's actual writer and artists.^ The name disappeared from the comic book in the mid-1960s, replaced by credits for each story's actual writer and artists.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1989, Kane revisited Finger's situation, recalling in an interview, “ In those days it was like, one artist and he had his name over it [the comic strip] — the policy of DC in the comic books was, if you can't write it, obtain other writers, but their names would never appear on the comic book in the finished version.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I thought it was actually a pretty industrious evil plot, for a comic book movie.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the late 1970s, when Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster began receiving a "created by" credit on the Superman titles, along with William Moulton Marston being given the byline for creating Wonder Woman, Batman stories began saying "Created by Bob Kane" in addition to the other credits.^ This story is from Action Comics #19 (December 1939) by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ Cartoon featuring Batman and Wonder Woman.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Superman or Wonder Woman are involved +6 points if any other JLA member is involved.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » bruce wayne 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

.Finger did not receive the same recognition.^ Finger did not receive the same recognition.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While he had received credit for other DC work since the 1940s, he began, in the 1960s, to receive limited acknowledgment for his Batman writing; in the letters page of Batman #169 (February 1965) for example, editor Julius Schwartz names him as the creator of the Riddler, one of Batman's recurring villains.^ In response to this, editor Julius Schwartz was assigned to the Batman titles.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DENT We received a letter from Batman this morning.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm revised by Warren Skaaren 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ While he had received credit for other DC work since the 1940s, he began, in the 1960s, to receive limited acknowledgment for his Batman writing; in the letters page of Batman #169 (Feb.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, Finger's contract left him only with his writing page rate and no byline.^ However, Finger's contract left him only with his writing page rate and no byline.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No comment on Law, as the only thing I've seen him in was A.I. (thought he was ok, but I didn't think "Hey, that guy would be a great Superman).
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His chance for redemption comes when the young son of Dr. Greenley — the head of the scientific society — contracts the plague and only Travers’s serum can save him.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

.Kane wrote, "Bill was disheartened by the lack of major accomplishments in his career.^ Kane wrote, "Bill was disheartened by the lack of major accomplishments in his career.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He felt that he had not used his creative potential to its fullest and that success had passed him by."^ He felt that he had not used his creative potential to its fullest and that success had passed him by".
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] .At the time of Finger's death in 1974, DC had not officially credited Finger as Batman co-creator.^ At the time of Finger's death in 1974, DC had not officially credited Finger as Batman co-creator.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Co-creator of Batman talks about his creation.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SUMMARY: Bill Finger was the co-creator of Batman.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Jerry Robinson, who also worked with Finger and Kane on the strip at this time, has criticized Kane for failing to share the credit.^ The creation of Bob Kane, with assistance from such comics luminaries as Bill Finger and Jerry Robinson, the Batman is a character as distinctive today as when he first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in 1939.

^ BATMAN CHRONICLES VOL. 1 reprints Batman stories from DETECTIVE COMICS #27-37 and BATMAN #1, featuring the earliest adventures of the Dark Knight by Batman creator Bob Kane, Bill Finger, Gardner Fox, Jerry Robinson and Sheldon Moldoff.

^ I remember when Dick Grayson suddenly became a more obvious Catholic, and that was because one of the people who was working on him at the time thought he should be.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

He recalled Finger resenting his position, stating in a 2005 interview with The Comics Journal:
.
Bob made him more insecure, because while he slaved working on Batman, he wasn't sharing in any of the glory or the money that Bob began to make, which is why… [he was] going to leave [Kane's employ].^ [Batman is a Jew because] he's got a ton of money.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ BATMAN This is why Superman works alone.
  • Batman Sucks Forever - An Original Screenplay 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.generationr.net [Source type: Original source]

^ He recalled Finger resenting his position, stating in a 2005 interview with The Comics Journal: “ Bob made him more insecure, because while he slaved working on Batman, he wasn't sharing in any of the glory or the money that Bob began to make, which is why...
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

… [Kane] should have credited .Bill as co-creator, because I know; I was there.^ [Kane] should have credited Bill as co-creator, because I know; I was there.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SUMMARY: Bill Finger was the co-creator of Batman.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jewish comic book writer Bill Finger was the co-creator of the character, although he was not officially credited.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.That was one thing I would never forgive Bob for, was not to take care of Bill or recognize his vital role in the creation of Batman.^ For one thing, Batman was a master of disguise.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ That was one thing I would never forgive Bob for, was not to take care of Bill or recognize his vital role in the creation of Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Superman goes out to take care of the missile in Bulgaria; Batman reveals something he didn't tell him: the location of Ra's Al Ghul.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As with Siegel and Shuster, it should have been the same, the same co-creator credit in the strip, writer and artist.^ As with Siegel and Shuster, it should have been the same, the same co-creator credit in the strip, writer and artist.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [Kane] should have credited Bill as co-creator, because I know; I was there.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the time of Finger's death in 1974, DC had not officially credited Finger as Batman co-creator.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14]
.Although Kane initially rebutted Finger's claims at having created the character, writing in a 1965 open letter to fans that "it seemed to me that Bill Finger has given out the impression that he and not myself created the ''Batman, t' [sic] as well as Robin and all the other leading villains and characters.^ What about all the other classic villains?
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » bruce wayne 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ Although Kane initially rebutted Finger's claims at having created the character, writing in a 1965 open letter to fans that "it seemed to me that Bill Finger has given out the impression that he and not myself created the ''Batman, t' [sic] as well as Robin and all the other leading villains and characters.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They all seem to know each other...
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

.This statement is fraudulent and entirely untrue."^ This statement is fraudulent and entirely untrue."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Kane himself also commented on Finger's lack of credit.^ Kane himself also commented on Finger's lack of credit.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jerry Robinson, who also worked with Finger and Kane on the strip at this time, has criticized Kane for failing to share the credit.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."The trouble with being a 'ghost' writer or artist is that you must remain rather anonymously without 'credit'. However, if one wants the 'credit', then one has to cease being a 'ghost' or follower and become a leader or innovator."^ However, she wants to become a crime fighter too.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ "The trouble with being a 'ghost' writer or artist is that you must remain rather anonymously without 'credit'.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, if one wants the 'credit', then one has to cease being a 'ghost' or follower and become a leader or innovator".
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[15]
In 1989, Kane revisited Finger's situation, recalling in an interview,
.
In those days it was like, one artist and he had his name over it [the comic strip] — the policy of DC in the comic books was, if you can't write it, obtain other writers, but their names would never appear on the comic book in the finished version.^ In 1989, Kane revisited Finger's situation, recalling in an interview, “ In those days it was like, one artist and he had his name over it [the comic strip] — the policy of DC in the comic books was, if you can't write it, obtain other writers, but their names would never appear on the comic book in the finished version.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Are you like this with the other women you know?
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman, like many other comic books, has always had that.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

.So Bill never asked me for it [the byline] and I never volunteered — I guess my ego at that time.^ So Bill never asked me for it [the byline] and I never volunteered — I guess my ego at that time.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Something I never really cared about before was who my heroes prayed to, but I guess its something to think about.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ DC will probably never reprint it, but it's my all-time favorite Elseworlds...
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.And I felt badly, really, when he [Finger] died.^ And I felt badly, really, when he [Finger] died.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16]

Early years

.
Batman made his debut in Detective Comics #27 (May 1939).
^ The character first appeared in Detective Comics #27 (May 1939).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From Detective Comics #29 (July 1939).
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » bruce wayne 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ Detective Comics #327 (May 1964), debut of the "New Look" Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Cover art by Bob Kane
.The first Batman story, "The Case of the Chemical Syndicate," was published in Detective Comics #27 (May 1939).^ Batman versus the Vampire (Detective Comics #31-32, 1939).
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ Early years Batman made his debut in Detective Comics #27 (May 1939).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Detective Comics #27 .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Finger said, "Batman was originally written in the style of the pulps,"[17] and this influence was evident with Batman showing little remorse over killing or maiming criminals.^ Finger said, "Batman was originally written in the style of the pulps",[12] and this influence was evident with Batman showing little remorse over killing or maiming criminals and was not above using firearms.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is possible that the Batman TV show is spoofing the style of a particular author, Don Cameron.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ Later stories written by Hamilton will show Batman watching over Superman, trying to protect him from harm.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

.Batman proved a hit character, and he received his own solo title in 1940, while continuing to star in Detective Comics.^ Featuring characters from Batman comics.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman became a popular character soon after his introduction, and gained his own title, Batman, in 1940.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman proved a hit character, and he received his own solo title in 1940, while continuing to star in Detective Comics.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By that time, National was the top-selling and most influential publisher in the industry; Batman and the company's other major hero, Superman, were the cornerstones of the company's success.^ By that time, National was the top-selling and most influential publisher in the industry; Batman and the company's other major hero, Superman, were the cornerstones of the company's success.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Superman and Batman meet each other for the first time.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The four men will often function as a group, analogous to Hamilton's other main series at the time, the Legion of Super-Heroes.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

[18] .The two characters were featured side-by-side as the stars of World's Finest Comics, which was originally titled World's Best Comics when it debuted in fall 1940. Creators including Jerry Robinson and Dick Sprang also worked on the strips during this period.^ The two characters were featured side-by-side as the stars of World's Finest Comics, which was originally titled World's Best Comics when it debuted in fall 1940.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ World's Finest Comics, no.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Featuring characters from Batman comics.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Over the course of the first few Batman strips elements were added to the character and the artistic depiction of Batman evolved.^ Over the course of the first few Batman strips elements were added to the character and the artistic depiction of Batman evolved.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Story and visual elements or characters taken from various comic books including BATMAN:YEAR ONE, THE DARK KNIGHT RETURNS, SON OF THE DEMON, etc.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That same year the character was adapted in the 13-part serial Batman, with Lewis Wilson becoming the first actor to portray Batman on screen.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Kane noted that within six issues he drew the character's jawline more pronounced, and lengthened the ears on the costume.^ Kane noted that within six issues he drew the character's jawline more pronounced, and lengthened the ears on the costume.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And the Christian paraphenalia in Nightwing's room that McDaniel drew in were acknowledged to be more of an in-joke with McDaniel than anything reflecting the character himself.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ I'm sure lots and lots of characters in the DCU are atheists or agnostics, but it never becomes an issue within their storylines.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

."About a year later he was almost the full figure, my mature Batman," Kane said.^ "About a year later he was almost the full figure, my mature Batman," Kane said.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since Batman’s talking about WayneTech products as “my machines”, hasn’t he just admitted to Luthor that he is Bruce Wayne?
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » bruce wayne 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ That's what my 6 year old and 3 year laughingly said when they saw the pictures of Batman from this short film.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .Batman's characteristic utility belt was introduced in Detective Comics #29 (July 1939), followed by the boomerang-like batarang and the first bat-themed vehicle, the Batplane, in #31 (September 1939).^ Batman versus the Vampire (Detective Comics #31-32, 1939).
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman historian Les Daniels credits Gardner Fox with creating the concept of Batman's arsenal with the introduction of the utility belt in Detective Comics #29 (July 1939) and the first bat-themed weapons the batarang and the "Batgyro" in Detective Comics #31 and #32 (September; October, 1939).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman's characteristic utility belt was introduced in Detective Comics #29 (July 1939), followed by the boomerang-like batarang and the first bat-themed vehicle in #31 (Sept.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The character's origin was revealed in #33 (November 1939), unfolding in a two-page story that establishes the brooding persona of Batman, a character driven by the loss of his parents.^ The character's origin was revealed in #33 (Nov.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A main component that defines Batman as a character is his origin story.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The central fixed event in the Batman stories is the character's origin story.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Written by Finger, it depicts a young Bruce Wayne witnessing the death of his parents as part of a street robbery.^ Young Bruce Wayne's prayer to avenge the death of his parents .
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Written by Finger, it depicts a young Bruce Wayne witnessing the death of his parents as part of a street robbery.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Above and Left: Young Bruce Wayne witnesses the brutal murder of his parents.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.Days later, at their grave, the child vows that "by the spirits of my parents [I will] avenge their deaths by spending the rest of my life warring on all criminals."^ Bruce Wayne (praying silently): --and I swear by the spirits of my parents to avenge their deaths, by spending the rest of my life warring on all criminals!
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ I want to spend the rest of my life with you.
  • Batman Sucks Forever - An Original Screenplay 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.generationr.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Later he recalls the same scene, appearing essentially the same, while not under the influence of any chemical agents: "I swear by the spirits of my parents to avenge their deaths by spending the rest of my life warring on all criminals.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

[20][21][22]
.The early, pulp-inflected portrayal of Batman started to soften in Detective Comics #38 (April 1940) with the introduction of Robin, Batman's kid sidekick.^ Tags: comics batman robin trauma .
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ The chapter on willpower is molded by a Talmudic sage's definition of a "strong man," with sidekick Robin's explanation of Batman's success.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Tim uses his brilliant detective skills to work out where the phony Batman's hideout is, but Tim decides not to confront the fake Batman as Robin but as Batman, he uses the silver age Batman suit.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

[23] .Robin was introduced, based on Finger's suggestion Batman needed a "Watson" with whom Batman could talk.^ Robin was introduced, based on Finger's suggestion Batman needed a "Watson" with whom Batman could talk.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another happened in the summer of 2005, when painter Mark Chamberlain displayed a number of watercolors depicting both Batman and Robin in suggestive and sexually explicit poses.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The story takes place in Batman and Robin's familiar home base, and includes conventional crooks along the way, as well as the alien visitors.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

[24] .Sales nearly doubled, despite Kane's preference for a solo Batman, and it sparked a proliferation of "kid sidekicks."^ Sales nearly doubled, despite Kane's preference for a solo Batman, and it sparked a proliferation of "kid sidekicks".
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the same year, the first issue of Legends of the Dark Knight, the first new solo Batman title in nearly fifty years, sold close to a million copies.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite this, Batman discovers that a young kid named Jason Todd has stolen the tires from the Batmobile.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25] .The first issue of the solo spin-off series Batman was notable not only for introducing two of his most persistent antagonists, the Joker and Catwoman, but for a story in which Batman shoots some monstrous giants to death.^ The first issue of the solo spin-off series Batman was notable not only for introducing two of his most persistent antagonists, the Joker and Catwoman, but for a story in which Batman shoots some monstrous giants to death.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Catwoman breaks off the relationship with Batman.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman and the Penguin go after the Catwoman, but Batman gets to her first, and the two fight.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.That story prompted editor Whitney Ellsworth to decree that the character could no longer kill or use a gun.^ That story prompted editor Whitney Ellsworth to decree that the character could no longer kill or use a gun.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He states that he will make an exception to his "no firearms" rule and shoots Darkseid using the bullet that killed Orion .
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conceivably, precise strikes by a tiny character could also be used to damage specific parts of an enemy’s brain…but I can’t recall any good examples of this.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

[26]
.By 1942, the writers and artists behind the Batman comics had established most of the basic elements of the Batman mythos.^ By 1942, the writers and artists behind the Batman comics had established most of the basic elements of the Batman mythos.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This collection includes appearances by Batman, Darkseid and the Demon, and features an introduction by writer Alan Grant and an introduction and new cover by artist Norm Breyfogle.

^ [There are too many writers and artists for most of these series to justify listing them.

[27] In the years following World War II, DC Comics "adopted a postwar editorial direction that increasingly de-emphasized social commentary in favor of lighthearted juvenile fantasy." The impact of this editorial approach was evident in Batman comics of the postwar period; removed from the "bleak and menacing world" of the strips of the early 1940s, Batman was instead portrayed as a respectable citizen and paternal figure that inhabited a "bright and colorful" environment.[28]

The 1950s and early 1960s

.Batman was one of the few superhero characters to be continuously published as interest in the genre waned during the 1950s.^ The 1950s and early 1960s Batman was one of the few superhero characters to be continuously published as interest in the genre waned during the 1950s.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Englehart's case, this mythos centers on a continuing group of characters, all of whom interact with one another.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ Like nearly all major superhero characters created during the 1930s and 1940s, Batman was based on a sort of "all-American" template, including having a vaguely but not overtly identified Christian background.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.In the story "The Mightiest Team in the World" in Superman #76 (June 1952), Batman teams up with Superman for the first time and the pair discovers each other's secret identity.^ He takes up the identity of the Batman.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ The first pairing of Superman and Batman.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ Also creative at the end of the story, is the way Superman and Batman help preserve each other's secret identities.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

[29] .Following the success of this story, World's Finest Comics was revamped so it featured stories starring both heroes together, instead of the separate Batman and Superman features that had been running before.^ Following the success of this story, World's Finest Comics was revamped so it featured stories starring both heroes together, instead of the separate Batman and Superman features that had been running before.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Running title: Batman Before Robin.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ World's Finest Comics, no.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30] The team-up of the characters was "a financial success in an era when those were few and far between;"[31] this series of stories ran until the book's cancellation in 1986.
.Batman comics were among those criticized when the comic book industry came under scrutiny with the publication of psychologist Fredric Wertham's book Seduction of the Innocent in 1954. Wertham's thesis was that children imitated crimes committed in comic books, and that these works corrupt the morals of the youth.^ However, a psychologist named Fredric Wertham testified in the Senate to get comic books outlawed.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Wertham's thesis was that children imitated crimes committed in comic books, and that these works corrupt the morals of the youth.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wertham published a book titled Seduction Of The Innocent in 1954.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Wertham criticized Batman comics for their supposed homosexual overtones and argued that Batman and Robin were portrayed as lovers.^ Wertham criticized Batman comics for their supposed homosexual overtones and argued that Batman and Robin were portrayed as lovers.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How can Harry criticize Batman and Robin?
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tags: comics batman robin trauma .
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

[32] .Wertham's criticisms raised a public outcry during the 1950s, eventually leading to the establishment of the Comics Code Authority.^ Wertham's criticisms raised a public outcry during the 1950s, eventually leading to the establishment of the Comics Code Authority.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wertham criticized Batman comics for their supposed homosexual overtones and argued that Batman and Robin were portrayed as lovers.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman comics were among those criticized when the comic book industry came under scrutiny with the publication of psychologist Fredric Wertham's book Seduction of the Innocent in 1954.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The tendency towards a "sunnier Batman" in the postwar years intensified after the introduction of the Comics Code.^ The tendency towards a "sunnier Batman" in the postwar years intensified after the introduction of the Comics Code.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman's cape has undergone many redesigns from DC Comics artists throughout the years.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Five years ago, the cover was Batman and the Outsiders #19 Don’t miss Yet Another Comic Blog ’s annual advent calendar .
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

[33] .It has also been suggested by scholars that the characters of Batwoman (in 1956) and Bat-Girl (in 1961) were introduced in part to refute the allegation that Batman and Robin were gay, and the stories took on a campier, lighter feel.^ Batman and Robin walk over to the bat-computer.
  • Batman Sucks Forever - An Original Screenplay 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.generationr.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Are Batman and Robin gay lovers?
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ It has also been suggested by scholars that the characters of Batwoman (in 1956) and Bat-Girl (in 1961) were introduced in part to refute the allegation that Batman and Robin were gay, and the stories took on a campier, lighter feel.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34]
.In the late 1950s, Batman stories gradually became more science fiction-oriented, an attempt at mimicking the success of other DC characters that had dabbled in the genre.^ In the late 1950s Batman stories gradually become more science fiction-oriented, an attempt at mimicking the success of other DC characters that had dabbled in the genre.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nicely done science fiction story.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman is often treated as a vigilante by other characters in his stories.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35] .New characters such as Batwoman, Ace the Bat-Hound, and Bat-Mite were introduced.^ New characters such as Batwoman, Ace the Bat-Hound, and Bat-Mite were introduced.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The space aliens and characters of the 1950s such as Batwoman, Ace, and Bat-Mite were retired.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Introduce new villains who are supposed to be as dangerous as the classic Bat-villains, but keep a few classic villains too, and create new permanent members for the supporting cast related to the character's secret identity.
  • Bruce Wayne Dead- All new Batman #1 [Archive] - NEWSARAMA 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.newsarama.com [Source type: Original source]

.Batman's adventures often involved odd transformations or bizarre space aliens.^ Batman's adventures often involved odd transformations or bizarre space aliens.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman has often been paired in adventure with his Justice League teammate Superman, notably as the co-stars of World's Finest and Superman/Batman series.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I believe there's been at least one mention in every issue; both the manbats and bane-batman used drugs to transform themselves, batman uses painkillers and tranquilizers often.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.In 1960, Batman debuted as a member of the Justice League of America in The Brave and the Bold #28 (February 1960), and went on to appear in several Justice League comic series starting later that same year.^ Batman : the animated series : comics to color.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman also was no longer a founding member of the Justice League.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman becomes a founding member of the Justice League of America, appearing in its first story in 1960s Brave and the Bold #28.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

"New Look" Batman and camp

.By 1964, sales on Batman titles had fallen drastically.^ "New Look" Batman and camp By 1964, sales on Batman titles had fallen drastically.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bob Kane noted that, as a result, DC was "planning to kill Batman off altogether."^ Bob Kane noted that, as a result, DC was "planning to kill Batman off altogether."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Denny O'Neil's Batman, Marv Wolfman's Batman, everybody's Batman all the way back to Bob Kane...
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Debuting in Batman 139 in 1961, Betty Kane and was the original Bat-Girl (note the hyphen).
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

[36] .In response to this, editor Julius Schwartz was assigned to the Batman titles.^ In response to this, editor Julius Schwartz was assigned to the Batman titles.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mort Weisinger became the editor of World's Finest Comics during the same Spring 1964 shakeup that saw the rest of the Batman comic books assigned to editor Julius Schwartz.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ Previously, World's Finest , along with all the other Batman titles, had long been the domain of editor Jack Schiff.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

.He presided over drastic changes, beginning with 1964's Detective Comics #327 (May 1964), which was cover-billed as the "New Look". Schwartz introduced changes designed to make Batman more contemporary, and to return him to more detective-oriented stories.^ "New Look" Batman and camp By 1964, sales on Batman titles had fallen drastically.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Schwartz promptly introduced the New Look for Batman.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ From DC Comics: Witness the return of Batman's deadliest new enemy!

.He brought in artist Carmine Infantino to help overhaul the character.^ He brought in artist Carmine Infantino to help overhaul the character.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Batmobile was redesigned, and Batman's costume was modified to incorporate a yellow ellipse behind the bat-insignia.^ The Batmobile was redesigned, and Batman's costume was modified to incorporate a yellow ellipse behind the bat-insignia.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The cave houses many of Batman's vehicles such as the Batmobile, Batbikes and the Bat-Wing to name a few.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Costume Main article: Batsuit Batman's costume incorporates the imagery of a bat in order to frighten criminals.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The space aliens and characters of the 1950s such as Batwoman, Ace, and Bat-Mite were retired.^ New characters such as Batwoman, Ace the Bat-Hound, and Bat-Mite were introduced.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The space aliens and characters of the 1950s such as Batwoman, Ace, and Bat-Mite were retired.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He found such characters as Batwoman (Kathy Kane), as well as the Bat Signal, the Bat Cave, the Bat Plane, Ace the Bathound and so on.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

.Batman's butler Alfred was killed off (though his death was quickly reversed due to fan response) while a new female relative for the Wayne family, Aunt Harriet, came to live with Bruce Wayne and Dick Grayson.^ Homosexual interpretations Bruce Wayne and Dick Grayson.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He targets both Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Bruce then reveals to Dick that Alfred is dying.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

[37]
Batman #227 (Dec. 1970). An example of Batman's return to a Gothic atmosphere, in an homage to the cover of 1939's Detective Comics #31.[38] Art by Neal Adams.
.The debut of the Batman television series in 1966 had a profound influence on the character.^ Warner Brothers was allegedly offered a Batman origin in serialized format, or a television series.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on the highly popular animated Batman series, these tales provide gainful insight to the characters that make up the Dark Knight's rogues gallery.

^ (June 1966) -- Compares the Batman television show to earlier Batman movie serials.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The success of the series increased sales throughout the comic book industry, and Batman reached a circulation of close to 900,000 copies.^ Current comic book series .
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The success of the series increased sales throughout the comic book industry, and Batman reached a circulation of close to 900,000 copies.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I thought it was actually a pretty industrious evil plot, for a comic book movie.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39] .Elements such as the character of Batgirl and the show's campy nature were introduced into the comics; the series also initiated the return of Alfred.^ Elements such as the character of Batgirl and the show's campy nature were introduced into the comics; the series also initiated the return of Alfred.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman's wedding (older version of the character) to Catwoman was shown in a Catholic church in comic that introduced the Huntress (their daughter).
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ As Julius Schwartz noted, "When the television show was a success, I was asked to be campy, and of course when the show faded, so did the comic books."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although both the comics and TV show were successful for a time, the camp approach eventually wore thin and the show was canceled in 1968. In the aftermath, the Batman comics themselves lost popularity once again.^ Topics: Batman comics, TV show and movie.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the aftermath, the Batman comics themselves lost popularity once again.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although both the comics and TV show were successful for a time, the camp approach eventually wore thin and the show was canceled in 1968.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As Julius Schwartz noted, "When the television show was a success, I was asked to be campy, and of course when the show faded, so did the comic books."^ As Julius Schwartz noted, "When the television show was a success, I was asked to be campy, and of course when the show faded, so did the comic books."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Back in 1994, one of DC Comic’s house ads reimagined their upcoming releases as television shows and presented them in a TV Guide style format.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ Elements such as the character of Batgirl and the show's campy nature were introduced into the comics; the series also initiated the return of Alfred.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[40]
Starting in 1969, writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Neal Adams made a deliberate effort to distance Batman from the campy portrayal of the 1960s TV series and to return the character to his roots as a "grim avenger of the night."[41] O'Neil said his idea was "simply to take it back to where it started. .I went to the DC library and read some of the early stories.^ I went to the DC library and read some of the early stories.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Adams provides a new cover and introduction, and has gone back to tweak some of his early art and re-color five of the eight stories presented here.

^ Rehashing the same "Batman comes close to death but eventually wins" stories are gonna get stale; some even claim that DC is losing steam.
  • Bruce Wayne Dead- All new Batman #1 [Archive] - NEWSARAMA 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.newsarama.com [Source type: Original source]

.I tried to get a sense of what Kane and Finger were after."^ I tried to get a sense of what Kane and Finger were after."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[42]
.O'Neil and Adams first collaborated on the story "The Secret of the Waiting Graves" (Detective Comics #395, January 1970).^ O'Neil and Adams first collaborated on the story "The Secret of the Waiting Graves" (Detective Comics #395, Jan.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Much of this story is a flashback, dealing with how Superman's secret identity was detected when he was a boy in Smallville.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ Now, for the first time, all of Neal Adams’s Batman work—covers and stories—is being chronologically collected in three volumes, the first of which debuts in September!

Few stories were true collaborations between O'Neil, Adams, Schwartz, and inker Dick Giordano, and in actuality these men were mixed and matched with various other creators during the 1970s; nevertheless the influence of their work was "tremendous."[43] Giordano said: "We went back to a grimmer, darker Batman, and I think that's why these stories did so well... .Even today we're still using Neal's Batman with the long flowing cape and the pointy ears."^ Even today we're still using Neal's Batman with the long flowing cape and the pointy ears."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also in Disgaea 1 , the entire game is a Batman gambit on the part of King K and Seraph Lammington, using Larharl and Flonne to unite the netherworlds, and even using Vulcnaous traitorous nature.
  • Batman Gambit - Television Tropes & Idioms 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC tvtropes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Batman has always ruled, even when he used to dance in the 60's.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44] While the work of O'Neil and Adams was popular with fans, the acclaim did little to help declining sales; the same held true with a similarly acclaimed run by writer Steve Englehart and penciler Marshall Rogers in Detective Comics #471-476 (August 1977 - April 1978), which went on to influence the 1989 movie Batman and be adapted for Batman: The Animated Series, which debuted in 1992.[45] Regardless, circulation continued to drop through the 1970s and 1980s, hitting an all-time low in 1985.[46]

The Dark Knight Returns and later

.
The first issue of Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, which redefined Batman in the 1980s.
^ The Dark Knight Returns and later The first issue of Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, which redefined Batman in the 1980s.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aside from Dark Knight Returns, it's the best Batman/Superman dynamic.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The movie was directed by Tim Burton, who was a fan of Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

Cover art by Frank Miller.
.Frank Miller's limited series Batman: The Dark Knight Returns (Feb.-June 1986), which tells the story of a 50-year old Batman coming out of retirement in a possible future, reinvigorated the character.^ Pencils by Frank Miller.Frank Miller's 1986 limited series Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, which tells the story of a 50-year-old Batman coming out of retirement in a possible future, reinvigorated the character.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a scene from Frank Miller's Batman: The Dark Knight Returns (left), Batman has recently returned to action after a decade of retirement.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman: The Dark Knight Returns hardover compilation, page 19).
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.The Dark Knight Returns was a financial success and has since become one of the medium's most noted touchstones.^ The Dark Knight Returns was a financial success and has since become one of the medium's most noted touchstones.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ THE DARK KNIGHT RETURNS has been hailed as a comics masterpiece and is one of the most influential stories ever told in this medium.

^ The Dark Knight Returns and later The first issue of Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, which redefined Batman in the 1980s.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[47] .The series also sparked a major resurgence in the character's popularity.^ The series also sparked a major resurgence in the character's popularity.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on the highly popular animated Batman series, these tales provide gainful insight to the characters that make up the Dark Knight's rogues gallery.

[48]
.That year Dennis O'Neil took over as editor of the Batman titles and set the template for the portrayal of Batman following DC's status quo-altering miniseries Crisis on Infinite Earths.^ That year Dennis O'Neil took over as editor of the Batman titles and set the template for the portrayal of Batman following DC's status quo-altering miniseries Crisis on Infinite Earths.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Denny O'Neil, Neal Adams, Dick Giordano, Steve Englehart, Marshall Rogers cemented Batman as my favorite character.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In this version of events, Hank went back to save the kids during Crisis on Infinite Earths instead of Don.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

.O'Neil operated under the assumption that he was hired to revamp the character and as a result tried to instill a different tone in the books than had gone before.^ O'Neil operated under the assumption that he was hired to revamp the character and as a result tried to instill a different tone in the books than had gone before.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My rage and vulgarity wouldn't be wasted on trival things, there is more than enough things to hate people for beyond a comic book character.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He certainly doesn't operate under the assumption that any God or gods are all-powerful.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

[49] .One outcome of this new approach was the "Year One" storyline in Batman #404-407 (Feb.-May 1987), in which Frank Miller and artist David Mazzucchelli redefined the character's origins.^ Batman : Year One / Frank Miller, soggetto ; David Mazzucchelli, disegni ; Richmond Lewis, colori ; Enzo Baldoni, traduzione.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Frank Miller retold Batman's origin in the storyline Year One from Batman #404-407, which emphasizes a grittier tone in the character.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One outcome of this new approach was the "Year One" storyline in Batman #404-407 (Feb.-May 1987), in which Frank Miller and artist David Mazzucchelli redefined the character's origins.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Writer Alan Moore and artist Brian Bolland continued this dark trend with 1988's 48-page one-shot Batman: The Killing Joke, in which the Joker, attempting to drive Commissioner Gordon insane, cripples Gordon's daughter Barbara, and then kidnaps and tortures the commissioner, physically and psychologically.^ Joker kills Batman one on one in some crazy alley-oop.
  • Bruce Wayne Dead- All new Batman #1 [Archive] - NEWSARAMA 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.newsarama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Joker The joke's on you, Batman!
  • Batman Sucks Forever - An Original Screenplay 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.generationr.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Commissioner Gordon is on the phone, asking for Batman?"
  • Bruce Wayne Dead- All new Batman #1 [Archive] - NEWSARAMA 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.newsarama.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Batman comics garnered major attention in 1988 when DC Comics created a 900 number for readers to call to vote on whether Jason Todd, the second Robin, lived or died.^ Tags: comics batman robin trauma .
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ Left: Batman stands before the grave marker of Jason Todd, the second Robin.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Above: Batman stands before the grave marker of Jason Todd, the second Robin.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.Voters decided in favor of Jason's death by a narrow margin of 28 votes (see Batman: A Death in the Family).^ Voters decided in favor of Jason's death by a narrow margin of 28 votes (see Batman: A Death in the Family).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Give a psycho of that level a gang of Arkham inmates, fear-muddled Narrows-dwellers and Falcone muscle to bring him prey, and see what Batman can do about it...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From DC Comics: Batman readers were allowed to vote on the outcome of the story and they decided that Robin should die!

[50] .The following year saw the release of Tim Burton's Batman feature film, which firmly brought the character back to the public's attention, grossing millions of dollars at the box office, and millions more in merchandising.^ Featuring characters from Batman comics.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Features Batman and related fictional characters.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The following year saw the release of Tim Burton's Batman feature film, which firmly brought the character back to the public's attention, grossing millions of dollars at the box office, and millions more in merchandising.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, the three sequels, Tim Burton's Batman Returns and director Joel Schumacher's Batman Forever and Batman & Robin, did not perform as well at the box office.^ The film spawned three sequels: Batman Returns (1992), Batman Forever (1995) and Batman & Robin (1997), the last two of which were directed by Joel Schumacher instead of Burton, and replaced Keaton with Val Kilmer and George Clooney, respectively.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tim uses his brilliant detective skills to work out where the phony Batman's hideout is, but Tim decides not to confront the fake Batman as Robin but as Batman, he uses the silver age Batman suit.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ The movie, like Batman Forever before it, was directed by Joel Schumacher, which is the reason it continued its theme of a less dark Batman that the one with whim Tim Burton had started the franchise.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.The Batman movie franchise was rebooted with director and co-writer Christopher Nolan's Batman Begins in 2005 and The Dark Knight in 2008. In 1989, the first issue of Legends of the Dark Knight, the first new solo Batman title in nearly fifty years, sold close to a million copies.^ The Dark Knight Returns and later The first issue of Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, which redefined Batman in the 1980s.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the same year, the first issue of Legends of the Dark Knight, the first new solo Batman title in nearly fifty years, sold close to a million copies.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The movie is directed by Christopher Nolan with a dark theme, but not as dark as Burton's Batmans.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

[51]
.The 1993 "Knightfall" story arc introduced a new villain, Bane, who critically injures Bruce Wayne.^ The 1993 "Knightfall" story arc introduced a new villain, Bane, who critically injures Bruce Wayne.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Who knows the "Bruce Wayne" story may be something we like.
  • Bruce Wayne Dead- All new Batman #1 [Archive] - NEWSARAMA 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.newsarama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Bruce Wayne: Fugitive" story arcs; Wayne is eventually acquitted.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Jean-Paul Valley, known as Azrael, is called upon to wear the Batsuit during Wayne's convalescence.^ Jean-Paul Valley, known as Azrael, is called upon to wear the Batsuit during Wayne's convalescence.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From DC Comics: Mentally defeated and physically broken, Bruce Wayne turns to Azrael to assume the identity of Batman during his absence.

^ The Dick Grayson in those stories was full of inner doubts stemming from his failures with Kory and the Titans and Batman's decision to choose Jean Paul Valley as his successor.
  • DC Cosmic Teams! 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC www.mykey3000.com [Source type: General]

.Writers Doug Moench, Chuck Dixon, and Alan Grant worked on the Batman titles during "Knightfall," and would also contribute to other Batman crossovers throughout the 1990s.^ Writers Doug Moench, Chuck Dixon, and Alan Grant worked on the Batman titles during "Knightfall", and would also contribute to other Batman crossovers throughout the 1990s.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This collection includes appearances by Batman, Darkseid and the Demon, and features an introduction by writer Alan Grant and an introduction and new cover by artist Norm Breyfogle.

^ Batman once again becomes a member of the Justice League during Grant Morrison's 1996 relaunch of the series, titled JLA. While Batman contributes greatly to many of the team's successes, the Justice League is largely uninvolved as Batman and Gotham City face catastrophe in the decade's closing crossover arc.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.1998's "Cataclysm" storyline served as the precursor to 1999's "No Man's Land", a year-long storyline that ran through all the Batman-related titles dealing with the effects of an earthquake-ravaged Gotham City.^ Gotham City had suffered the results of a magnitude 7.6 earthquake in the earlier Cataclysm storyline.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No Mans Land 2 (565).

^ No Mans Land 2 (732-733).

.At the conclusion of "No Man's Land", O'Neil stepped down as editor and was replaced by Bob Schreck.^ No Mans Land 2 (565).

^ No Mans Land 2 (732-733).

^ No Mans Land 3 (734-735).

.Another writer who rose to prominence on the Batman comic series, was Jeph Loeb.^ Batman : the animated series : comics to color.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only one who can halt the series of murders is the dark figure called "the Nosferatu," but he soon runs afoul of another mysterious figure: the Super-Man.

^ Knightfall 2: Who Rules the Night (Batman 498-500; Detective Comics 664-666; Batman: Shadow of the Bat 16-18).

.Along with longtime collaborator Tim Sale, they wrote two mini-series ("The Long Halloween" and "Dark Victory") that pit an early in his career version of Batman against his entire rogue's gallery (most notably Two-Face, whose origin was re-envisioned by Loeb) while dealing with various mysteries involving serial killers Holiday and the Hangman, of which the former was the subject of intense debate and speculation amongst Batman fans.^ Absolute The Long Halloween (13-issue mini; w Jeph Loeb; a Tim Sale).

^ Batman postulates that, since Two-Face killed the Roman on Halloween, he was the second killer.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two years ago, the cover was Batman: The Long Halloween #3 .
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

.In 2003, Loeb teamed with artist Jim Lee to work on another mystery arc: "Batman: Hush" for the main Batman book.^ Are these murders the work of the mysterious 'Batman'?
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ And if all that stuff from the book of Revelations ever happens, you can bet Batman has a whole plan worked out for the Justice League to prevent it.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman began to work solo during the 1970s and 1980s, but would occasionally team up with Robin and Batgirl .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.The twelve issue storyline saw Batman and Catwoman running the gauntlet against Batman's entire rogue's gallery, including an apparently resurrected Jason Todd, while seeking to find the identity of the mysterious super-villain Hush.^ It is easy to guess the origin and identity of the two villains, while Hamilton's best mysteries have jaw-dropping surprises in their solutions.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman's best and most fascinating enemy to throw in that classic villain from the Batman rogues' gallery...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Worst Doctor: Hush wins the award of worst doctor this year for his part in the Joker/pacemaker storyline in Batman: Gotham Knights #73-74 .
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

While the character of Hush failed to catch on with readers, the arc was a sales success for DC. As the storyline was Jim Lee's first regular comic book work in nearly a decade, the series became #1 on the Diamond Comic Distributors sales chart for the first time since Batman #500 (October 1993) and Jason Todd's appearance laid the groundwork for writer Judd Winick's subsequent run as writer on Batman, with another multi-issue epic, "Under the Hood," which ran from Batman #637-650.
.In 2005, DC launched All-Star Batman and Robin, a stand-alone comic series set outside the existing DC Universe.^ Batman : the animated series : comics to color.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tags: comics batman robin trauma .
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ Another happened in the summer of 2005, when painter Mark Chamberlain displayed a number of watercolors depicting both Batman and Robin in suggestive and sexually explicit poses.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Written by Frank Miller and drawn by Jim Lee, the series was a commercial success for DC Comics[52][53] though widely panned by critics for its writing.^ Studio executive Michael E. Uslan decided that he would finance a Batman movie, even though no one at Warners or DC would acknowledge the role of Batman: The Series in saving the character from poor comics sales.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In the critically acclaimed DC Comics graphic novel Batman/Houdini: The Devil's Workshop (pub.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ From DC Comics: In the final chapter of this series, Bruce Wayne completes his improbable recovery from his broken back and is ready to resume his role as Gotham's protector.

[54][55]
.Starting in 2006, the regular writers on Batman and Detective Comics were Grant Morrison and Paul Dini, with Grant Morrison reincorporating controversial elements of Batman lore (most notably, the science fiction themed storylines of the 1950s Batman comics, which Morrison revised as hallucinations Batman suffered under the influence of various mind-bending gases and extensive sensory deprivation training) into the character.^ Featuring characters from Batman comics.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fictional character history Batman's history has undergone various revisions, both minor and major.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Starting in 2006, the regular writers on Batman and Detective Comics were Grant Morrison and Paul Dini, respectively.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Morrison's run climaxed with "Batman R.I.P.", which brought Batman up against the villainous "Black Glove" organization, which sought to drive Batman into madness.^ He props BATMAN up against a wall.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ Then -- a look of curious amusement on his face -- he steps down THROUGH THE TRAPDOOR and LUGS BATMAN up into the belltower.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ Alright, this is a little off the current topic, but we're doing serious Batman discussion and Morrison's run seems to be talking religion, so...
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

."Batman R.I.P." segued into Final Crisis (also written by Morrison), which saw the apparent death of Batman at the hands of Darkseid.^ Seeing a group of guards out cold, Artemis is attacked by Batman, and finally gets the upper hand against her.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Discussion, with quotes from Morrison apparently based on an interview, of his work on Animal Man, Doom Patrol, Batman, etc.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman Returns, on the other hand, is unmitigated shite from start to finish: badly written, badly acted, badly directed, over long and utterly tedious.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the 2009 miniseries Batman: Battle for the Cowl, Wayne's former protégé Dick Grayson becomes the new Batman, and Wayne's son Damian becomes the new Robin.^ In the 1980s, Dick Grayson becomes Nightwing.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The question of whether Nightwing (Batman's former sidekick Dick Grayson, a.k.a.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ The new Earth 2 Robin becoming Batman in an all-new Batman #1.
  • Bruce Wayne Dead- All new Batman #1 [Archive] - NEWSARAMA 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.newsarama.com [Source type: Original source]

[56][57] .In June 2009, Judd Winick returned to writing Batman, while Grant Morrison was given his own series, titled Batman and Robin.^ Running title: Batman Before Robin.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman once again becomes a member of the Justice League during Grant Morrison's 1996 relaunch of the series, titled JLA. While Batman contributes greatly to many of the team's successes, the Justice League is largely uninvolved as Batman and Gotham City face catastrophe in the decade's closing crossover arc.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alright, this is a little off the current topic, but we're doing serious Batman discussion and Morrison's run seems to be talking religion, so...
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

[58]
.Another Batman tale once more starring Bruce as Batman titled Batman: Unseen deals with Bruce Wayne's early career and him fighting the invisible man.^ He targets both Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Bruce Wayne is a bachelor and just recently started his Batman career.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Bruce Wayne will always be grumpy and Batman-y.
  • Bruce Wayne Dead- All new Batman #1 [Archive] - NEWSARAMA 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.newsarama.com [Source type: Original source]

[59]

Fictional character biography

.Batman's history has undergone various revisions, both minor and major.^ Fictional character history Batman's history has undergone various revisions, both minor and major.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Writers of both Batman and Superman stories have often compared the two within the context of various stories, to varying conclusions.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Third Robin, Tim Drake Writers of both Batman and Superman stories have compared the two within the context of various stories, to varying results.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Few elements of the character's history have remained constant.^ Few elements of the character's history have remained constant.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Over the course of the first few Batman strips elements were added to the character and the artistic depiction of Batman evolved.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Scholars William Uricchio and Roberta E. Pearson noted in the early 1990s, "Unlike some fictional characters, the Batman has no primary urtext set in a specific period, but has rather existed in a plethora of equally valid texts constantly appearing over more than five decades."^ Scholars William Uricchio and Roberta E. Pearson noted in the early 1990s, "Unlike some fictional characters, the Batman has no primary urtext set in a specific period, but has rather existed in a plethora of equally valid texts constantly appearing over more than five decades."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Features Batman and related fictional characters.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman's identity is somewhat more fluid than most characters in fiction.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

[60]
.The central fixed event in the Batman stories is the character's origin story.^ A main component that defines Batman as a character is his origin story.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The central fixed event in the Batman stories is the character's origin story.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But during the events of the JLA's first year, the story of how Superman and Batman met Wonder Woman develops.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[61] As a little boy, Bruce Wayne is horrified and traumatized to see his parents, the physician Dr. Thomas Wayne and his wife Martha, being murdered by a mugger in front of his very eyes. .This drives him to fight crime in Gotham City as Batman.^ Batman decides to tell Dick that he wants him to fight crime.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman is to rid Gotham of crime.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ This drives him to fight crime in Gotham City as Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pearson and Uricchio also noted beyond the origin story and such events as the introduction of Robin, "Until recently, the fixed and accruing and hence, canonized, events have been few in number,"[61] a situation altered by an increased effort by later Batman editors such as Dennis O'Neil to ensure consistency and continuity between stories.^ Pearson and Uricchio also noted beyond the origin story and such events as the introduction of Robin, "Until recently, the fixed and accuring and hence, canonized, events have been few in number,"[50] a situation altered by an increased effort by later Batman editors such as Dennis O'Neil to ensure consistency and continuity between stories.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The central fixed event in the Batman stories is the character's origin story.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But it also is used in series of tales, such as Finger's stories of the Origin of the Batman.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

[62]

Golden Age

.
Bruce Wayne is inspired to become Batman.
^ Golden Age Bruce Wayne is inspired to become Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He targets both Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Bruce Wayne will always be grumpy and Batman-y.
  • Bruce Wayne Dead- All new Batman #1 [Archive] - NEWSARAMA 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.newsarama.com [Source type: Original source]

.Detective Comics #33 (Nov.^ Detective Comics #33 (Nov.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Legacy (Detective Comics 700-702; Batman 533-534; Shadow of the Bat 53-54; Robin 32-33; Catwoman 36).

^ Batman's origin is first presented in Detective Comics #33 in November 1939, and is later fleshed out in Batman #47.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

1939). Art by Bob Kane.
.In Batman's first appearance in Detective Comics #27, he is already operating as a crime fighter.^ When Batman was introduced in Issue 27 of Detective Comics, he was already the vigilante known as Batman.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ The Batman First on screen appearance of Batman.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Detective Comics #27 .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

[63] Batman's origin is first presented in .Detective Comics #33 (Nov.^ Detective Comics #33 (Nov.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Legacy (Detective Comics 700-702; Batman 533-534; Shadow of the Bat 53-54; Robin 32-33; Catwoman 36).

^ Batman's origin is first presented in Detective Comics #33 in November 1939, and is later fleshed out in Batman #47.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

1939), and is later fleshed out in Batman #47. As these comics state, Bruce Wayne is born to Dr. Thomas Wayne and his wife Martha, two very wealthy and charitable Gotham City socialites. .Bruce is brought up in Wayne Manor, with its wealthy splendor, and leads a happy and privileged existence until the age of eight, when his parents are killed by a small-time criminal named Joe Chill while on their way home from a movie theater.^ With movie coming out "killing" Bruce Wayne seems odd.
  • Bruce Wayne Dead- All new Batman #1 [Archive] - NEWSARAMA 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.newsarama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bruce grew up in Wayne Manor and experienced a privileged life until one fateful night.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Bruce and his parents went to the movies and were walking home.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Bruce Wayne swears an oath to rid the city of the evil that had taken his parents' lives.^ After the deaths of his parents, Bruce swore to rid Gotham City of evil for good.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Bruce Wayne swears an oath to rid the city of the evil that had taken his parents' lives.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bruce swears never to betray his oath.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.He engages in intense intellectual and physical training; however, he realizes that these skills alone would not be enough.^ He engages in intense intellectual and physical training; however, he realizes that these skills alone would not be enough.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It would take a great deal of work and brute strength to pull out and free up enough intestines to choke oneself, let alone hang oneself.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ However, Jason was really alive and would eventually turn up later as the Jason Todd , reviving an early alias of the Joker.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

."Criminals are a superstitious cowardly lot," Wayne remarks, "so my disguise must be able to strike terror into their hearts.^ Realizing from his studies of psychology that “criminals are a superstitious, cowardly lot,” Batman began thinking of a way to strike terror into their hearts.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ "Criminals are a superstitious and cowardly lot", Wayne remarks, "so my disguise must be able to strike terror into their hearts.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BRUCE WAYNE: Sensei-- I will purge my heart.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

I must be a creature of the night, black, terrible..." .As if responding to his desires, a bat suddenly flies through the window, inspiring Bruce to assume the persona of Batman.^ As if in answer to Bruce's pleas, a bat crashes through a window.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ As if responding to his desires, a bat suddenly flies through the window, inspiring Bruce to assume the persona of Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [A bat crashes through the window Bruce is staring at.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

[64]
.In early strips, Batman's career as a vigilante earns him the ire of the police.^ In early strips, Batman's career as a vigilante earns him the ire of the police.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dick Grayson on the Batcave The BatCave is one of the most important factors in Batman's career as both a headquarters for his operation as well as a place of privacy for him to think.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Later, Batman gives the Gotham Police Department a "Bat-Signal" to call him whenever the city needs him.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.During this period Wayne has a fiancée named Julie Madison.^ During this period Wayne has a fiancée named Julie Madison.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[65] .Wayne takes in an orphaned circus acrobat, Dick Grayson, who becomes his sidekick, Robin.^ Wayne takes in an orphaned circus acrobat, Dick Grayson, who becomes his sidekick, Robin.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 1980s, Dick Grayson becomes Nightwing.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later Batman would take in Dick Grayson (later to be known as Nightwing ), who would become his sidekick Robin .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Batman also becomes a founding member of the Justice Society of America,[66] although he, like Superman, is an honorary member,[67] and thus only participates occasionally.^ Batman also was no longer a founding member of the Justice League.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In the early 1960s Batman later became a founding member of the Justice League of America .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman eventually became one of the founding members for the Justice Society Of America .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Batman's relationship with the law thaws quickly, and he is made an honorary member of Gotham City's police department.^ Batman's relationship with the law thaws quickly, and he is made an honorary member of Gotham City's police department.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Additionally, Batman also moves from Wayne Manor into a penthouse apartment atop the Wayne Foundation building in downtown Gotham City, in order to be closer to Gotham City's crime.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bat-Signal Main article: Bat-Signal When Batman is needed, the Gotham City police activate a searchlight with a bat-shaped insignia over the lens called the Bat-signal which shines into the night sky, creating a bat-symbol on a passing cloud which can be seen from any point in Gotham.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[68] .During this time, butler Alfred Pennyworth arrives at Wayne Manor, and after deducing the Dynamic Duo's secret identities joins their service.^ During this time, butler Alfred Pennyworth arrives at Wayne Manor, and after deducing the Dynamic Duo's secret identities joins their service.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alfred, Bruce Wayne's loyal butler, father figure, and one of the few to know his secret identity, "[lends] a homey touch to Batman's environs and [is] ever ready to provide a steadying and reassuring hand" to the hero and his sidekick.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The trail leads to Wayne Manor and a maniacal cult, with Alfred's life hanging in the balance.

[69]

Silver Age

.The Silver Age of comic books in DC Comics is sometimes held to have begun in 1956 when the publisher introduced Barry Allen as a new, updated version of The Flash.^ Silver Age See also: Batman (Earth-Two) The Silver Age of comic books in DC Comics is sometimes held to have begun in 1956 when the publisher introduced Barry Allen as a new, updated version of The Flash.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New York: DC Comics, 1995.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Barry Allen, the Flash's police scientist alter ego, is also consistently drawn by Infantino to look middle class but elegant.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

.Batman is not significantly changed by the late 1950s for the continuity which would be later referred to as Earth-One.^ Batman is not significantly changed by the late 1950s for the continuity which would be later referred to as Earth-One.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the time, I only had a small domino mask, like the one Robin later wore, on Batman's face.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later Batman would quit the Justice League and formed his new group called the Outsiders .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.The lighter tone Batman had taken in the period between the Golden and Silver Ages led to the stories of the late 1950s and early 1960s that often feature a large number of science-fiction elements, and Batman is not significantly updated in the manner of other characters until Detective Comics #327 (May 1964), in which Batman reverts to his detective roots, with most science-fiction elements jettisoned from the series.^ Topics: Early Batman, golden age comics.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The lighter tone Batman had taken in the period between the Golden and Silver Ages led to the stories of the late 1950s and early 1960s that often feature a large number of science-fiction elements, and Batman is not significantly updated in the manner of other characters until Detective Comics #327 (May 1964), in which Batman reverts to his detective roots, with most science-fiction elements jettisoned from the series.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Early years Batman made his debut in Detective Comics #27 (May 1939).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
Detective Comics #327 (May 1964), debut of the "New Look" Batman.
^ Early years Batman made his debut in Detective Comics #27 (May 1939).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Detective Comics #327 (May 1964), debut of the "New Look" Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He presided over drastic changes, beginning with 1964's Detective Comics #327 (May 1964), which was cover-billed as the "New Look".
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Cover art by Carmine Infantino & Joe Giella.
.After the introduction of DC Comics' multiverse in the 1960s, DC established that stories from the Golden Age star the Earth-Two Batman, a character from a parallel world.^ Topics: Early Batman, golden age comics.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cover art by Carmine Infantino & Joe Giella.After the introduction of DC Comics' multiverse in the 1960s, DC established that stories from the Golden Age star the Earth-Two Batman, a character from a parallel world.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Silver Age Batman changed little, but w hen DC Comics introduced the The DC Multiverse , it established that all the stories of Batman that were told in the Golden Age were actually Earth-Two Batman.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.This version of Batman partners with and marries the reformed Earth-Two Catwoman, Selina Kyle (as shown in Superman Family #211) and fathers Helena Wayne, who, as the Huntress, becomes (along with Dick Grayson, the Earth-Two Robin) Gotham's protector once Wayne retires from the position to become police commissioner, a position he occupies until he is killed during one final adventure as Batman.^ Wayne takes in an orphaned circus acrobat, Dick Grayson, who becomes his sidekick, Robin.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two days later, Dick meets Selina at wayne tower.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ It revealed that Earth-Two Batman had married Catwoman and fathered a daughter named Huntress .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Batman titles however often ignored that a distinction had been made between the pre-revamp and post-revamp Batmen (since unlike The Flash or Green Lantern, Batman comics had been published without interruption through the 1950s) and would on occasion make reference to stories from the Golden Age.^ Topics: Early Batman, golden age comics.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Joker finally made his first appearance since the Golden Age.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman titles however often ignored that a distinction had been made between the pre-revamp and post-revamp Batmen (since unlike The Flash or Green Lantern, Batman comics had been published without interruption through the 1950s) and would on occasion make reference to stories from the Golden Age.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[70] .Nevertheless, details of Batman's history were altered or expanded upon through the decades.^ Nevertheless, details of Batman's history were altered or expanded upon through the decades.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That's the kind of detail that would be perfect to include in an expanded page about Batman's religious affiliation and beliefs.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Here, however, Batman only uncovers his possible alternate history through detective work.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

.Additions include meetings with a future Superman during his youth, his upbringing by his uncle Philip Wayne (introduced in Batman #208, January/February 1969) after his parents' death, and appearances of his father and himself as prototypical versions of Batman and Robin, respectively.^ Batman and Robin, respectively.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Additions include meetings with a future Superman during his youth, his upbringing by his uncle Philip Wayne (introduced in Batman #208, Jan./Feb.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Superman et Batman et Robin.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[71][72] .In 1980 then-editor Paul Levitz commissioned the Untold Legend of the Batman limited series to thoroughly chronicle Batman's origin and history.^ In 1980 then-editor Paul Levitz commissioned the Untold Legend of the Batman limited series to thoroughly chronicle Batman's origin and history.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Warner Brothers was allegedly offered a Batman origin in serialized format, or a television series.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Modern Batman After the 12-issue limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC Comics rebooted the histories of some major characters in an attempt at updating them for contemporary audiences.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Batman meets and regularly works with other heroes during the Silver Age, most notably Superman, whom he began regularly working alongside in a series of team-ups in World's Finest Comics, starting in 1954 and continuing through the series' cancellation in 1986. Batman and Superman are usually depicted as close friends.^ Batman : the animated series : comics to color.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman meets and regularly works with other heroes during the Silver Age, most notably Superman, whom he began regularly working alongside in a series of team-ups in World's Finest Comics, starting in 1954 and continuing through the series' cancellation in 1986.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman and Superman are usually depicted as close friends.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Batman becomes a founding member of the Justice League of America, appearing in its first story in 1960s Brave and the Bold #28. In the 1970s and 1980s, Brave and the Bold became a Batman title, in which Batman teams up with a different DC Universe superhero each month.^ Batman becomes a founding member of the Justice League of America, appearing in its first story in 1960s Brave and the Bold #28.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 1970s and 1980s, Brave and the Bold became a Batman title, in which Batman teams up with a different DC Universe superhero each month.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman is at times a member of superhero teams such as the Justice League of America and the Outsiders.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1969, Dick Grayson attends college as part of DC Comics' effort to revise the Batman comics.^ In 1969, Dick Grayson attends college as part of DC Comics' effort to revise the Batman comics.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the late 1960s, Robin [Dick Grayson] began attending college because DC Comics wanted to revise Batman somewhat.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman (DC Comics) on Comic Collector Connect, home of the Collectorz.com comic database MUSIC Collector MOVIE Collector BOOK Collector COMIC Collector GAME Collector comic collector connect .
  • Batman (DC Comics) on Comic Collector Connect, home of the Collectorz.com comic database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.collectorz.com [Source type: General]

.Additionally, Batman also moves from his mansion, Wayne Manor into a penthouse apartment atop the Wayne Foundation building in downtown Gotham City, in order to be closer to Gotham City's crime.^ Additionally, Batman also moves from Wayne Manor into a penthouse apartment atop the Wayne Foundation building in downtown Gotham City, in order to be closer to Gotham City's crime.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman is to rid Gotham of crime.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ This drives him to fight crime in Gotham City as Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Batman spends the 1970s and early 1980s mainly working solo, with occasional team-ups with Robin and/or Batgirl.^ Batman spends the 1970s and early 1980s mainly working solo, with occasional team-ups with Robin and/or Batgirl.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Enlisting the aide of Robin, Batgirl, Nightwing, Azarel, and Oracle, Batman discovers the true and shocking identity of the assailant and now must live up to his oath to bring him to justice.

^ Superman threatens to replace Batman as his partner by Powerman, while flashbacks tell the story of how Superman and Batman first teamed up.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

.Batman's adventures also become somewhat darker and more grim during this period, depicting increasingly violent crimes, including the first appearance (since the early Golden Age) of the Joker as a homicidal psychopath, and the arrival of Ra's al Ghul, a centuries-old terrorist who knows Batman's secret identity.^ Topics: Early Batman, golden age comics.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Golden Age Bruce Wayne is inspired to become Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Batman First on screen appearance of Batman.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.In the 1980s, Dick Grayson becomes Nightwing.^ In the 1980s, Dick Grayson becomes Nightwing.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wayne takes in an orphaned circus acrobat, Dick Grayson, who becomes his sidekick, Robin.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From DC Comics: Batman's mission and war on crime helped form Dick Grayson's life, turning him into the hero Robin, and later Nightwing.

[3]
.In the final issue of Brave and the Bold in 1983, Batman quits the Justice League and forms a new group called the Outsiders.^ Later Batman would quit the Justice League and formed his new group called the Outsiders .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In the final issue of Brave and the Bold in 1983, Batman quits the Justice League and forms a new group called the Outsiders.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And if all that stuff from the book of Revelations ever happens, you can bet Batman has a whole plan worked out for the Justice League to prevent it.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.He serves as the team's leader until Batman and the Outsiders #32 (1986) and the comic subsequently changed its title.^ He serves as the team's leader until Batman and the Outsiders #32 (1986) and the comic subsequently changed its title.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Bizarro-Batman is created, and he teams up with the original Bizarro duplicate of Superman to raise comic havoc on Earth, including freeing the Joker from prison.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ Legacy (Detective Comics 700-702; Batman 533-534; Shadow of the Bat 53-54; Robin 32-33; Catwoman 36).

Modern Batman

.After the 12-issue limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC Comics retconned the histories of some major characters in an attempt at updating them for contemporary audiences.^ Modern Batman After the 12-issue limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC Comics rebooted the histories of some major characters in an attempt at updating them for contemporary audiences.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DC Comics attempted to reboot many of the major character’s origins including Batman.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In this version of events, Hank went back to save the kids during Crisis on Infinite Earths instead of Don.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

.Frank Miller retold Batman's origin in the storyline "Year One" from Batman #404-407, which emphasizes a grittier tone in the character.^ Frank Miller retold Batman's origin in the storyline Year One from Batman #404-407, which emphasizes a grittier tone in the character.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One outcome of this new approach was the "Year One" storyline in Batman #404-407 (Feb.-May 1987), in which Frank Miller and artist David Mazzucchelli redefined the character's origins.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This movie, in particular, was inspired by Frank Miller’s Batman: One Year Later.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

[73] .Though the Earth-Two Batman is erased from history, many stories of Batman's Silver Age/Earth-One career (along with an amount of Golden Age ones) remain canonical in the post-Crisis universe, with his origins remaining the same in essence, despite alteration.^ Though the Earth-Two Batman is erased from history, many stories of Batman's Silver Age/Earth-One career (along with an amount of Golden Age ones) remain canonical in the post-Crisis universe, with his origins remaining the same in essence, despite alteration.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A story like this one reminds one overwhelmingly of the Silver Age to come.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman has a history with the Joker, Two-Face, Commissioner Gordon, Catwoman, Ra's al Ghul, the Penguin, et cetera...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, Gotham's police are mostly corrupt, setting up further need for Batman's existence.^ For example, Gotham's police are mostly corrupt, setting up further need for Batman's existence.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The police and Batman bust up the deal, but the main criminals — members of the NZN gang — escape.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ When Batman shows up, he is forced to battle the police force while the Joker releases his toxic smiling gas on the audience including Endochrine and Wolper.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.While Dick Grayson's past remains much the same, the history of Jason Todd, the second Robin, is altered, turning the boy into the orphan son of a petty crook, who tries to steal the tires from the Batmobile.^ While Dick Grayson's past remains much the same, the history of Jason Todd, the second Robin, is altered, turning the boy into the orphan son of a petty crook, who tries to steal the tires from the Batmobile.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Robin goes to meet Poison Ivy, who tries to poison him by kissing him.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Wayne takes in an orphaned circus acrobat, Dick Grayson, who becomes his sidekick, Robin.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[74] .Also removed is the guardian Phillip Wayne leaving young Bruce to be raised by George West.^ Also removed is the guardian Phillip Wayne, leaving young Bruce to be raised by Alfred.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [We see Bruce Wayne leaving the Buddhist monastery.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Young Bruce Wayne kneels beside their fallen bodies.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.Additionally, Batman is no longer a founding member of the Justice League of America, although he becomes leader for a short time of a new incarnation of the team launched in 1987. To help fill in the revised backstory for Batman following Crisis, DC launched a new Batman title called Legends of the Dark Knight in 1989 and has published various miniseries and one-shot stories since then that largely take place during the "Year One" period.^ Additionally, Batman is no longer a founding member of the Justice League of America, although he becomes leader for a short time of a new incarnation of the team launched in 1987.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Medical criticism aside, Batman: Legends of the Dark Knight #200 is a good story.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ DC Comics 32 appearances Justice League of America Vol.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Various stories from Jeph Loeb and Matt Wagner also touch upon this era.^ Various stories from Jeph Loeb and Matt Wagner also touch upon this era.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That story mentioned a condition called “ Xenoderma Pigmentosa .” I was never certain if that was a typo for Xe r oderma Pigmentosa, or if the writer (Matt Wagner) was inventing a new disease.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

.
Bane breaks Batman's back in a splash page from Batman #497 (July 1993).
^ Bane breaks Batman's back in a splash page from Batman #497 (July 1993).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now, Strange is back in BATMAN: TERROR—a 128-page trade paperback written by Doug Moench and pencilled by Paul Gulacy.

^ Bane broke Batman’s back, paralyzing him.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

Art by Jim Aparo.
.In 1988's "Batman: A Death in the Family" storyline from Batman #426-429 Jason Todd, the second Robin, is killed by the Joker.^ Left: Batman stands before the grave marker of Jason Todd, the second Robin.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Art by Jim Aparo.In 1988's "Batman: A Death in the Family" storyline from Batman #426-429 Jason Todd, the second Robin, is killed by the Joker.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The second Robin, Jason Todd, is beaten to death by the Joker but later returns as an adversary.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .Subsequently Batman begins exhibiting an excessive, reckless approach to his crime fighting, a result of the pain of losing Jason Todd.^ Vicki again begins to approach Batman.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm revised by Warren Skaaren 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ Subsequently Batman begins exhibiting an excessive, reckless approach to his crime fighting, a result of the pain of losing Jason Todd.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Wayne is discovered with the murdered Vesper Fairchild in his arms, a chain of events begins that results in a monumental shakeup for the Batman mythos.

.Batman works solo until the decade's close, when Tim Drake becomes the new Robin.^ Batman works solo until the decade's close, when Tim Drake becomes the new Robin.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The kid could be the Tim Drake Robin.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tim uses his brilliant detective skills to work out where the phony Batman's hideout is, but Tim decides not to confront the fake Batman as Robin but as Batman, he uses the silver age Batman suit.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

[75] .In 2005, writers resurrected the Jason Todd character and have pitted him against his former mentor.^ In 2005 writers resurrected the Jason Todd character and have pitted him against his former mentor.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He also tried to torture Batman by making him believe that Jason Todd was still alive.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In the wake of Jason Todd's return, Batman has begun to wonder if, as much as it doesn't make sense to him, people, including Superman, really were dead and then returned from death.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.Many of the major Batman storylines since the 1990s have been inter-title crossovers that run for a number of issues.^ Many of the major Batman storylines since the 1990s have been inter-title crossovers that run for a number of issues.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Running title: Batman Before Robin.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One more point and then back to work: the mediocre weekend numbers for Batman may be a sign of bigger issues...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1993, DC published both the "Death of Superman" storyline and "Knightfall" .^ In 1993, the same year that DC published the "Death of Superman" storyline, the publisher released the "Knightfall" storyline.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1993, DC even published a full-length facsimile issue devoted to Superman's death.
  • DC Cosmic Teams! 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC www.mykey3000.com [Source type: General]

^ After the end of "Knightfall", the storylines split in two directions, following both the Azrael-Batman's adventures, and Bruce Wayne's quest to become Batman once more.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the Knightfall storyline's first phase, the new villain Bane paralyzes Batman, leading Wayne to ask Azrael to take on the role.^ In the storyline's first phase, the new villain Bane paralyzes Batman, leading Wayne to ask Azrael to take on the role.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the same year, the first issue of Legends of the Dark Knight, the first new solo Batman title in nearly fifty years, sold close to a million copies.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Morrison mentioned wanting to increase Bruce Wayne's role in Batman comics.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.After the end of "Knightfall," the storylines split in two directions, following both the Azrael-Batman's adventures, and Bruce Wayne's quest to become Batman once more.^ Golden Age Bruce Wayne is inspired to become Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the end of "Knightfall", the storylines split in two directions, following both the Azrael-Batman's adventures, and Bruce Wayne's quest to become Batman once more.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He targets both Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.The story arcs realign in "KnightsEnd," as Azrael becomes increasingly violent and is defeated by a healed Bruce Wayne.^ The story arcs realign in "KnightsEnd", as Azrael becomes increasingly violent and is defeated by a healed Bruce Wayne.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Bruce Wayne: Fugitive" story arcs; Wayne is eventually acquitted.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Golden Age Bruce Wayne is inspired to become Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Wayne hands the Batman mantle to Dick Grayson (then Nightwing) for an interim period, while Wayne trains to return to the role.^ In the 1980s, Dick Grayson becomes Nightwing.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The question of whether Nightwing (Batman's former sidekick Dick Grayson, a.k.a.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Wayne hands the Batman mantle to Dick Grayson (then Nightwing) for an interim period, while Wayne trains to return to his role as Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[76]
.The 1994 company-wide crossover Zero Hour changes aspects of DC continuity again, including those of Batman.^ The 1994 company-wide crossover Zero Hour changes aspects of DC continuity again, including those of Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bruce attempts to help get those caught in the building to safety, but is unable to get away to change into Batman, leaving Robin to try to track and stop the terrorist.
  • Detective Comics (DC Comics) on Comic Collector Connect, home of the Collectorz.com comic database 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.collectorz.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman: The Knight Returns is not a "canonical" story and is thus not considered an official part of mainstream DC Comics continuity.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.Noteworthy among these changes is that the general populace and the criminal element now considers Batman an urban legend rather than a known force.^ Noteworthy among these changes is that the general populace and the criminal element now considers Batman an urban legend rather than a known force.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tone does quite a bit, all things considered, to make the question rather more rhetorical than not, but this is true for most of Alfred's questions.
  • But whosoever would pluck 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC teland.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There’s been DNA testing, but they still refer to it by the general term “acute hepatic porphyria” rather than which specific porphyria it is.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

.Similarly, the Waynes' killer is never caught or identified, effectively removing Joe Chill from the new continuity, rendering stories such as "Year Two" non-canon.^ Also they were never able to catch the killer of the Wayne couple, meaning they eliminated Joe Chill from the entire continuity.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Similarly, the Waynes' killer is never caught or identified, effectively removing Joe Chill from the new continuity, rendering stories such as "Year Two" non-canon.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But in the 1950's, and for two hundred years before, the main source of such information was in museums.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

.Batman once again becomes a member of the Justice League during Grant Morrison's 1996 relaunch of the series, titled JLA.^ Batman once again becomes a member of the Justice League during Grant Morrison's 1996 relaunch of the series, titled JLA. While Batman contributes greatly to many of the team's successes, the Justice League is largely uninvolved as Batman and Gotham City face catastrophe in the decade's closing crossover arc.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Additionally, Batman is no longer a founding member of the Justice League of America, although he becomes leader for a short time of a new incarnation of the team launched in 1987.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And if all that stuff from the book of Revelations ever happens, you can bet Batman has a whole plan worked out for the Justice League to prevent it.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.While Batman contributes greatly to many of the team's successes, the Justice League is largely uninvolved as Batman and Gotham City face catastrophe in the decade's closing crossover arc.^ Batman once again becomes a member of the Justice League during Grant Morrison's 1996 relaunch of the series, titled JLA. While Batman contributes greatly to many of the team's successes, the Justice League is largely uninvolved as Batman and Gotham City face catastrophe in the decade's closing crossover arc.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Additionally, Batman also moves from Wayne Manor into a penthouse apartment atop the Wayne Foundation building in downtown Gotham City, in order to be closer to Gotham City's crime.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And if all that stuff from the book of Revelations ever happens, you can bet Batman has a whole plan worked out for the Justice League to prevent it.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.In 1998's "Cataclysm" storyline, Gotham City is devastated by an earthquake and ultimately cut off from the United States Government afterwards.^ Gotham City had suffered the results of a magnitude 7.6 earthquake in the earlier Cataclysm storyline.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1998's "Cataclysm" storyline, Gotham City is devastated by an earthquake.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bruce Wayne (Batman) left the city to lobby the government to not cut Gotham off, but failed.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Deprived of many of his technological resources, Batman fights to reclaim the city from legions of gangs during 1999's "No Man's Land."
.Meanwhile, Batman's relationship with the Gotham City Police Department changed for the worse with the events of "Batman: Officer Down" and "Batman: War Games/War Crimes"; Batman's long-time law enforcement allies Commissioner Gordon and Harvey Bullock are forced out of the police department in "Officer Down", while "War Games" and "War Crimes" saw Batman become a wanted fugitive after a contingency plan of his to neutralize Gotham City's criminal underworld is accidentally triggered, resulting a massive gang war that ends with the sadist Black Mask the undisputed ruler of the city's criminal gangs.^ In this movie, Gotham City has been consumed by the criminal underworld.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman with Jim Gordon in ally.

^ However, she wants to become a crime fighter too.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Other troubles come for Batman in the form of Lex Luthor (secretly behind the events of "No Man's Land"), who seeks revenge for Bruce Wayne cancelling all of his company's government contracts upon Luthor being elected President of the United States.^ No Mans Land 2 (565).

^ No Mans Land 2 (732-733).

^ No Mans Land 3 (734-735).

.Luthor arranges for the murder of Batman's on-again, off-again love interest Vesper (introduced in the mid-1990s) during the "Bruce Wayne: Murderer?"^ He targets both Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Authors have gone back and forth over the years as to how Batman manages the 'playboy' aspect of Bruce Wayne's personality; at different times he embraces or flees from the women interested in attracting "Gotham's most eligible bachelor".
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Wayne is discovered with the murdered Vesper Fairchild in his arms, a chain of events begins that results in a monumental shakeup for the Batman mythos.

and ."Bruce Wayne: Fugitive" story arcs.^ "Bruce Wayne: Fugitive" story arcs; Wayne is eventually acquitted.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The story arcs realign in "KnightsEnd", as Azrael becomes increasingly violent and is defeated by a healed Bruce Wayne.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The story begins with Bruce Wayne sitting in a chair after a car accident afraid he might have to die.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Though Batman is able to clear his name, he loses another ally in the form of his new chauffer Sasha, who is recruited into the organization known as "Checkmate" while stuck in prison due to her refusal to turn states evidence against her employer.^ Who is the new Batman?
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman Forever was directed by Joel Schumacher, who had an idea of a new type of Batman that was less dark.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In a way he is taking his cue from the constitution, where it states that we have a moral duty when the government fails to take up our own arms (don't turn this all legal, its just an observation and a way that it fits into the Batman universe).
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.While he was unable to prove that Luthor was behind the murder of Vesper, Batman does get his revenge with help from Talia Al' Ghul in Superman/Batman #1-6: not only does he bring down Lex Luthor's Presidency but also engages in a hostile take-over of Luthor's corporate holdings, bankrupting the villain in the process.^ Particularly impressive: the panel on page 11 showing Batman holding the unconscious Superman in his arms.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman has a history with the Joker, Two-Face, Commissioner Gordon, Catwoman, Ra's al Ghul, the Penguin, et cetera...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Wayne is discovered with the murdered Vesper Fairchild in his arms, a chain of events begins that results in a monumental shakeup for the Batman mythos.

DC's 2005 limited series Identity Crisis reveals that JLA member Zatanna had edited Batman's memories to prevent him from stopping the League from lobotomizing Dr. Light after he raped Sue Dibney. .This served as a retcon for Batman's complete distrust for his fellow super-heroes, which, under writers such as Mark Waid in the "Tower of Babel" arc in JLA, manifested itself in the form of Batman keeping extensive files on how to kill his fellow super-heroes.^ From DC Comics: Batman's mission and war on crime helped form Dick Grayson's life, turning him into the hero Robin, and later Nightwing.

^ I dont get how people dislike BB when Burton's Batman made a generation of people believe that The Joker killed Batman's parents.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For complete contents, see under Batman Crossovers .

.Batman later creates the Brother I satellite surveillance system to watch over and if necessary, kill the other heroes.^ Batman later creates the Brother I satellite surveillance system to watch over the other heroes.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In retaliation, Batman creates the Brother Eye satellite surveillance system to monitor every crusading adventurer on Earth.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ From DC Comics: Batman's mission and war on crime helped form Dick Grayson's life, turning him into the hero Robin, and later Nightwing.

.It is eventually co-opted by Maxwell Lord, who then kills super-hero Blue Beetle to keep him from alerting the Justice League of the existence of Batman's murderous creation.^ Batman is the most extreme super hero.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Co-creator of Batman talks about his creation.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Justice League Heroes (2006) .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.The revelation of Batman's creation and his tacit responsibility for Blue Beetle's death becomes a driving force in the lead-up to the Infinite Crisis miniseries, which again restructures DC continuity.^ Its eventual co-opting by Maxwell Lord is one of the main events that leads to the Infinite Crisis miniseries, which again restructures DC continuity.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its eventual co-opting by Maxwell Lord , Black King of the government organization known as Checkmate , is one of the main reasons that leads to the Infinite Crisis miniseries and the death of Ted Kord Blue Beetle.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ A Bizarro-Batman is created, and he teams up with the original Bizarro duplicate of Superman to raise comic havoc on Earth, including freeing the Joker from prison.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

In Infinite Crisis #7, Alexander Luthor, Jr. mentions that in the newly rewritten history of the "New Earth," created in the previous issue, the murderer of Martha and Thomas Wayne – again, Joe Chill – was captured, thus undoing the retcon created after Zero Hour. Batman and a team of superheroes destroy Brother Eye and the OMACs, though at the very end of the Batman reaches his apparent breaking point when Alexander Luthor Jr. mortally wounds Nightwing. .Picking up a gun, Batman nearly shoots Luthor in order to avenge his former sidekick, until Wonder Woman convinces him to not pull the trigger.^ Cartoon featuring Batman and Wonder Woman.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wonder Woman was headed to Gotham and Oracle called up Batman to tell him that.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ He then beats her and dresses her up as Wonder Woman for Batman.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Following Infinite Crisis, Bruce Wayne, Dick Grayson (having recovered from his wounds), and Tim Drake retrace the steps Bruce had taken when he originally left Gotham City, to "rebuild Batman."^ Dick Grayson returns to Gotham City for Elliot's funeral.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following Infinite Crisis, Batman, Nightwing , and Robin retrace the steps Bruce had taken when he originally left Gotham City, to "rebuild Batman."
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Following Infinite Crisis, Bruce Wayne, Dick Grayson, and Tim Drake retrace the steps Bruce had taken when he originally left Gotham City, to "rebuild Batman".
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[77] .In the Face the Face storyline, Batman and Robin return to Gotham City after their year-long absence.^ Bruce adopts Tim In the "Face The Face" storyline, Batman and Robin return to Gotham City after their year-long absence.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Later, he returns to Gotham to aid Batman.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the "Face the Face" storyline, Batman and Robin return to Gotham City after their year-long absence.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Part of this absence is captured in during Week 30 of the 52 series, which shows Batman fighting his inner demons.^ Gordon's sanity is intact despite the ordeal and he insists that Batman capture the Joker "by the book" in order to "show him that our way works".
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During a fight, Batman comes close to being unmasked by the Joker's henchmen, including Bob, a near-unmasking Vicki captures on film, concealing the can of the film in her brassiere.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ From DC Comics: Mentally defeated and physically broken, Bruce Wayne turns to Azrael to assume the identity of Batman during his absence.

[78] .Later on in 52, Batman is shown undergoing an intense meditation ritual in Nanda Parbat.^ Batman has himself purged of all the negative poo poo that's been building up, then goes to Nanda Parbat and looks inward to reassert his desire for justice.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ However the monks invoke the power of their Goddess Rama Kushna and cause Nanda Parbat to sick into the ground giving Batman and his allies to chance to escape.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ During the crisis of 52 , Batman left Gotham and journeyed to Nanda Parbat to endure the ritual/initiation of Thogal: Isolation in a cave for 30 days as a way to destroy whatever doubts remained in his mind and to "taste the flavor of death."
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.This becomes an important part of the regular Batman title, which reveals that Batman was reborn as a more effective crime fighter while undergoing this ritual, having "hunted down and ate" the last traces of fear in his mind.^ However, she wants to become a crime fighter too.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ They return to the Batcave, and Bruce decides to give up being Batman in order to keep Dick from becoming a crime fighter, of which discouragement Dick will have none.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In this sequel to Batman Begins, Batman returns only to find that his city is turning out to be even more rotten and run down.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

[79][80]
.At the end of the "Face the Face" story arc, Bruce officially adopts Tim (who had lost both of his parents at various points in the character's history) as his son.^ At the end of the story arc, Bruce adopts Tim as his son.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also upon their return, Bruce adopts Tim as his son.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ The story arcs realign in "KnightsEnd", as Azrael becomes increasingly violent and is defeated by a healed Bruce Wayne.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[81] .The follow-up story arc in Batman, Batman & Son, introduces Damian Wayne, who is Batman's son with Talia al Ghul.^ During the Son of the Demon story arc, Batman married Talia .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ The follow-up story arc in Batman, "Batman & Son", introduces Damian Wayne, who is Batman's son with Talia al Ghul.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The follow-up story arc in Batman, entitled: " Batman & Son ," features Talia and a boy whom Talia claims is her son by Batman.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Batman, along with Superman and Wonder Woman, reforms the Justice League in the new Justice League of America series,[82] and is leading the newest incarnation of the Outsiders.^ Cartoon featuring Batman and Wonder Woman.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This new hero later joins the Justice League of America.
  • DC Cosmic Teams! 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC www.mykey3000.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman is at times a member of superhero teams such as the Justice League of America and the Outsiders.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[83]
.Grant Morrison's 2008 storyline, Batman R.I.P., featuring Batman being physically and mentally broken by the enigmatic "Black Glove," garnered much news coverage in advance of its highly-promoted conclusion, which would supposedly feature the death of Bruce Wayne.^ He targets both Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Billy Zane would be excellent as Bruce Wayne/Batman as well...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But in the end, Bruce defeats Jean Paul both mentally and physically and reclaims his legendary cape and cowl.

[84][85] .The original intention was, in fact, not for Batman to die in the pages of "R.I.P.," but for the story to continue with the current DC event Final Crisis and have the death occur there.^ The central fixed event in the Batman stories is the character's origin story.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though the Earth-Two Batman is erased from history, many stories of Batman's Silver Age/Earth-One career (along with an amount of Golden Age ones) remain canonical in the post-Crisis universe, with his origins remaining the same in essence, despite alteration.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finally, Batman solves the trickiest, most hidden mystery of its operation, near the end of the story.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

.As such, a two-issue bridge arc was designed called "Last Rites" that showed Batman survive his helicopter crash into the Gotham City River and return to his Batcave, only to be summoned to the Hall of Justice by the JLA to help investigate Orion's death.^ Batman survives by jumping out of the helicopter seconds before it crashes.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ For a good while now, Batman's been claiming Gotham as his city, that only he can defend it.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman Beyond : Return of the Joker In the continuity of the DCAU; The Joker returns to Gotham City after his supposed death.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.This in turn led into the events of "Final Crisis" (which began publication while Batman RIP was concluding), where Batman is kidnapped by Granny Goodness.^ From DC Comics: Batman's mission and war on crime helped form Dick Grayson's life, turning him into the hero Robin, and later Nightwing.

^ Batman agreed, and kidnapped Wonder Woman and bound her with her own lasso in order to draw Superman into a wasteland, where he then bombarded the hero with simulated red sunlight.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ It was reported in December that writer of Final Crisis, and Batman R.I.P., Grant Morrison, would be writing the return of Bruce Wayne in a six-issue mini-series, entitled: "The Return Of Bruce Wayne".
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

."Last Rites" told the tale of Batman being mentally probed by Darkseid's minions Mokkari and Simyon, in an attempt to cull the personality traits that make Batman the successful super-hero that he is in order to transplant them into cloned bodies.^ Batman is the most extreme super hero.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Additionally, Batman also moves from Wayne Manor into a penthouse apartment atop the Wayne Foundation building in downtown Gotham City, in order to be closer to Gotham City's crime.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From DC Comics: Batman's mission and war on crime helped form Dick Grayson's life, turning him into the hero Robin, and later Nightwing.

.The plan fails due to the clones, imparted with Batman's sense of justice, killing themselves rather than serve Darkseid.^ Noteworthy among these changes is that the general populace and the criminal element now considers Batman an urban legend rather than a known force.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And if all that stuff from the book of Revelations ever happens, you can bet Batman has a whole plan worked out for the Justice League to prevent it.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Bob Kane noted that, as a result, DC was "planning to kill Batman off altogether."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The two-parter concludes with a major "Final Crisis" plot point, as it is revealed that Batman kept the bullet used to kill Orion in his utility belt.^ The Joker develops his own utility belt, in imitation of Batman's.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

^ Now, at his physical and mental breaking point, Batman must simultaneously fights battles on two different fronts.

^ Finger said, "Batman was originally written in the style of the pulps",[12] and this influence was evident with Batman showing little remorse over killing or maiming criminals and was not above using firearms.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[86]
.The Batman's apparent death occurs in Final Crisis #6 when he confronts Darkseid.^ Wayne's corpse recovered by Superman after being burnt to death by Darkseid ( Final Crisis #6 (2009) In the hidden bunker, Batman escapes and confronts Darkseid .
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Naturally, following the events of "Final Crisis" that left the Batman Family without their leader.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was reported in December that writer of Final Crisis, and Batman R.I.P., Grant Morrison, would be writing the return of Bruce Wayne in a six-issue mini-series, entitled: "The Return Of Bruce Wayne".
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

Batman announces that he will break his "no gun" rule while facing Darkseid. .Wielding a sidearm made by Apokolips, Batman shoots Darkseid in the chest with a bullet made of Radion (the same bullet used to kill Orion), just as Darkseid unleashes his Omega Sanction, or the "death that is life", upon Batman.^ As it turned out Batman saved the Radion bullet that was used to kill the New God Orion and loaded it into a gun intending to shot Darkseid and kill him, breaking his rule about never using firearms he shot Darkseid directly in the chest severly wounding him but was unable to avoid Darkseid's Omega Sanction, "The death that is life".
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Her death could have a huge effect on Batman, Bruce, and Gordon not just in the sequel but for as many films as they want to use it.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Joker just put out a ten-million-dollar contract on Batman's life.

[87] .However, the Omega Sanction does not actually kill its target, but sends its consciousness into parallel worlds.^ Batman himself, however, was appalled that the Huntress was willing to kill and refused to sanction her actions in his city (DETECTIVE COMICS #653).
  • DC Cosmic Teams! 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC www.mykey3000.com [Source type: General]

^ Just as Hamilton actually sent his heroes to a parallel universe in his quasi-Imaginary "Superman and Batman -- Outlaws" (1965), so here does he send his evolved and devolved characters to their respective worlds.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

.Although the presence of Batman's corpse would suggest that he is dead, at the conclusion of Final Crisis it is revealed that Batman has been sent to the distant past where he is able to watch the passing of Anthro.^ It was reported in December that writer of Final Crisis, and Batman R.I.P., Grant Morrison, would be writing the return of Bruce Wayne in a six-issue mini-series, entitled: "The Return Of Bruce Wayne".
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Although the Controllers would later profess ignorance of Earth's very existence (DARKSTARS #4), they had, in fact, visited the world on at least two occasions in the distant past.
  • DC Cosmic Teams! 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC www.mykey3000.com [Source type: General]

^ Superman doesn't agree with Batman's suggestion that he was truly dead.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

[88][89]
.The three-issue Battle for the Cowl miniseries, ('cowl' referring to Batman's mask) saw those who were closest to Wayne compete for the "right" to assume the role of Batman.^ Three actors acted out the role in Batman: The Series.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ From DC Comics: Mentally defeated and physically broken, Bruce Wayne turns to Azrael to assume the identity of Batman during his absence.

^ I mean many fans really don't care but i think you can hurt the whole film when you just don't have the right actress who really fits for the role.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Eventually, Grayson reluctantly assumes the role.[90] .Tim Drake takes from himself of Red Robin questing around the world looking for Bruce Wayne, who he believes is still alive.^ Tim became Red Robin and traveled the World to find out if Bruce Wayne is really died.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ INT. WAYNE MANOR- MAIN HALL Bruce looks around.
  • Bruce Wayne Pilot (WB property) [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ INT. WAYNE CHEMICAL Bruce rushes in and looks around.
  • Bruce Wayne Pilot (WB property) [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

[91]
A Black Lantern Batman, from Blackest Night #5. Art by Ivan Reis
.In Blackest Night, the villain Black Hand is seen digging up Bruce Wayne's body, stealing his skull, and recruiting it into the Black Lantern Corps.^ Gordon GRABS his hand and Bruce pulls him up.
  • Bruce Wayne Pilot (WB property) [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Beside her is BRUCE: hands behind his head, staring up at the ceiling.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ Bruce grew up in Wayne Manor and experienced a privileged life until one fateful night.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

[92] .Deadman, whose body has also become a Black Lantern, rushes to aid the new Batman and Robin, along with Red Robin against the Gotham villains who have been reanimated as Black Lanterns, as well as their own family members.^ Who is the new Batman?
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman and Robin team up against all of Gotham's villains who are holding the world hostage.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Later, he returns to Gotham to aid Batman.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[93] .The skull was briefly reanimated as a Black Lantern, reconstructing a body in the process by Black Hand's lord, Nekron, to move against the Justice League and the Titans.^ This was to play a part in the plan of Nekron to kill the Justice League, and have them return as Black Lantern's.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ As the story progressed, we learned that Scorpio had crossed paths with the Crimson Fox and watched as Green Lantern and Justice League Europe joined the hunt.
  • DC Cosmic Teams! 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC www.mykey3000.com [Source type: General]

^ Deadman then swaps bodies with Damian so he can talk to Batman, it is revelled that Deadman’s body had also been taken by the Black Lantern’s and he could also hear them whispering which was hurting him.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.After the Black Lantern Batman created several black power rings to attach to and kill the majority of the Justice League, the skull was returned to normal after Nekron explained it served its purpose as an emotional tether.^ This was to play a part in the plan of Nekron to kill the Justice League, and have them return as Black Lantern's.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Black Lantern Batman flied in the skies, and his only words were: "Emotional Tether Registered."
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ And if all that stuff from the book of Revelations ever happens, you can bet Batman has a whole plan worked out for the Justice League to prevent it.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.Nekron also referred to the skull as "Bruce Wayne", knowing that the body was not authentic.^ BRUCE WAYNE: You know how it is.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ We know Bruce Wayne is not religious because we get to hear his thoughts in captions and see his private moments.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ [Ducard knows Bruce Wayne very well, having trained him in Europe.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

[94]
.In Batman and Robin's third storyline, "Blackest Knight," it is revealed that the body left behind at the end of Final Crisis #6 was actually a clone created from a failed attempt by Darkseid to amass an army of Batmen.^ The plan was to create an army of clones using Batman as a template.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Bruce attempts to help get those caught in the building to safety, but is unable to get away to change into Batman, leaving Robin to try to track and stop the terrorist.
  • Detective Comics (DC Comics) on Comic Collector Connect, home of the Collectorz.com comic database 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.collectorz.com [Source type: General]

^ Finally, Batman solves the trickiest, most hidden mystery of its operation, near the end of the story.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

.Because of this, the skull that was used by the Black Lantern Corps and reanimated by Nekron was a fake.^ Using Green Arrow, Green Lantern, and Black Canary as his street operatives, Batman is able to foil the all of the drug lord’s schemes to import heroin into the country.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ This was to play a part in the plan of Nekron to kill the Justice League, and have them return as Black Lantern's.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Nekron quickly destroyed the Batman B.L. after he had put black lantern rings on the heroes of the JLA by having the rings fall from his mouth.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Dick Grayson, thinking it was Bruce Wayne's real body, attempted to resurrect it in a Lazarus Pit only to be met with a fierce, mindless combatant.^ Homosexual interpretations Bruce Wayne and Dick Grayson.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I really would not think of Bruce Wayne as a religious man...
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Bruce Wayne, who I think is Catholic...
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

He then realized the truth about the body.[95][96]
.Morrison's storyline continues with the miniseries Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne, due in 2010. In the miniseries, Bruce will travel through time from the prehistoric era back to present-day Gotham.^ Michael Keaton returned as Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ He targets both Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ He tugs again, and this time Bruce pulls back.
  • But whosoever would pluck 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC teland.com [Source type: Original source]

[97][98][97][99]

Characterization

.Batman's primary character traits can be summarized as "wealth; physical prowess; deductive abilities and obsession."^ Characterization Batman's primary character traits can be summarized as "wealth; physical prowess; deductive abilities and obsession."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The bat is a primary animal associated with fictional characters of the night, both villains like Dracula and heroes like Batman.
  • 227's YouTube "Zoo!"-Bat! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman One Million’s physical prowess is unequaled, he has an IQ of 1045, and his technology is leagues beyond anything Bruce has.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

[61] .The details and tone of Batman comic books have varied over the years due to different creative teams.^ Three different interpretations of the Batman by three creative teams.

^ The details and tone of Batman's characterization have varied over the years due to different interpretations.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Story and visual elements or characters taken from various comic books including BATMAN:YEAR ONE, THE DARK KNIGHT RETURNS, SON OF THE DEMON, etc.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Dennis O'Neil noted that character consistency was not a major concern during early editorial regimes: "Julie Schwartz did a Batman in Batman and Detective and Murray Boltinoff did a Batman in the Brave and the Bold and apart from the costume they bore very little resemblance to each other.^ Dennis O'Neil noted that character consistency wasn't a major concern during earlier editorial regimes; he said, "Julie Schwartz did a Batman in Batman and Detective and Murray Boltinoff did a Batman in the Brave and the Bold and apart from the costume they bore very little resemblance to each other.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They better work on the Batman costume.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Denny O'Neil, Neal Adams, Dick Giordano, Steve Englehart, Marshall Rogers cemented Batman as my favorite character.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Julie and Murray did not coordinate their efforts, did not pretend to, did not want to, were not asked to.^ Julie and Murray did not coordinate their efforts, did not pretend to, did not want to, were not asked to.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Talia would conclude that she did not want to do this to Batman and pretended to have a miscarriage.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Continuity was not important in those days."^ Continuity was not important in those days."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[100]
The driving force behind Batman's character is from his childhood. .Bob Kane and Bill Finger discussed Batman's background and decided that "there's nothing more traumatic than having your parents murdered before your eyes."^ Your silly rant was more boring than Batman Begins.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Your parents were brutally murdered .
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Each time, his parents die before his eyes.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

[101] .Despite his trauma, he is driven to train to become a brilliant scientist[102][103] and train his body into absolute physical perfection[102][103] to fight crime in Gotham City as Batman, an inspired idea from Wayne's insight into the cowardly mind[102][103].^ Golden Age Bruce Wayne is inspired to become Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman is to rid Gotham of crime.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ This drives him to fight crime in Gotham City as Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another of Batman's characterizations is a vigilante; in order to stop evil that started with the death of his parents he must sometimes break laws himself.^ Now, at his physical and mental breaking point, Batman must simultaneously fights battles on two different fronts.

^ The only good start to this movie would be to lift the death of Robin from "A Death In The Family" and borrow Batman's tactics from The Dark Knight Returns to kick Superman's arse.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the deaths of his parents, Bruce swore to rid Gotham City of evil for good.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Although manifested differently by being re-told by different artists it is nevertheless that the details and the prime components of the Batman's origin have never varied at all in the comic books, the "reiteration of the basic origin events holds together otherwise divergent expressions".[104] The origin is the source of the character's traits and attributes, which play out in many of the character's adventures.^ A main component that defines Batman as a character is his origin story.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Comic book artists.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Comic book characters grouped by religion...
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

[61]
.Batman is often treated as a vigilante by other characters in his stories.^ Batman is often treated as a vigilante by other characters in his stories.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kane signed away ownership in the character in exchange for, among other compensation, a mandatory byline on all Batman comics.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Writers of both Batman and Superman stories have often compared the two within the context of various stories, to varying conclusions.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Frank Miller views the character as "a dionysian figure, a force for anarchy that imposes an individual order."[105] Dressed as a bat, Batman deliberately cultivates a frightening persona in order to aid him in crime fighting,[106] a fear that originates from the criminals' own guilty conscience.[107]

Bruce Wayne

.
Bruce Wayne as Batman.
^ Since Batman’s talking about WayneTech products as “my machines”, hasn’t he just admitted to Luthor that he is Bruce Wayne?
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ Michael Keaton returned as Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Golden Age Bruce Wayne is inspired to become Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Art by Jim Lee.
.In his secret identity, Batman is Bruce Wayne, a wealthy businessman who lives in Gotham City.^ Bruce Wayne In his secret identity, Batman is Bruce Wayne, a wealthy businessman who lives in Gotham City.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He targets both Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ He knows Batman's secret identity.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.To the world at large, Bruce Wayne is often seen as an irresponsible, superficial playboy who lives off his family's personal fortune (amassed when Bruce's family invested in Gotham real estate before the city was a bustling metropolis)[108] and the profits of Wayne Enterprises, a major private technology firm that he inherits.^ "Is Bruce Wayne a religious person?
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Bruce Wayne In his secret identity, Batman is Bruce Wayne, a wealthy businessman who lives in Gotham City.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is Bruce Wayne a religious person?
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.However, Wayne is also known for his contributions to charity, notably through his Wayne Foundation.^ However, Wayne is also known for his contributions to charity, notably through his Wayne Foundation charity.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[109] .Bruce creates the playboy public persona to aid in throwing off suspicion of his secret identity, often acting dim-witted and self-absorbed to further the act.^ Bruce creates the playboy public persona to aid in throwing off suspicion of his secret identity, often acting dim-witted and self-absorbed to further the act.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So therefore it was easy for Wertham, in his quackery, to connect that Bruce Wayne used a secret identity to hide his true self, just as gays had to hide themselves prior to 1961.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ "Bruce Wayne," one should remember, is not Batman's true self, as far as the character is concerned, but is a mere front used to turn suspicion away from those who might try to learn his true identity.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

[110]
.Writers of both Batman and Superman stories have often compared the two within the context of various stories, to varying conclusions.^ Writers of both Batman and Superman stories have often compared the two within the context of various stories, to varying conclusions.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Third Robin, Tim Drake Writers of both Batman and Superman stories have compared the two within the context of various stories, to varying results.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In the back-up story in the Batman and Detective annuals, the Gotham City Blood Bank is vandalized and robbed, and there is also an attempted murder or two.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

.Like Superman, the prominent persona of Batman's dual identities varies with time.^ Like Superman, the prominent persona of Batman's dual identities varies with time.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like Superman, the prominent persona of Batman's dual identities varies from time to time.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ It has past, present, and of course future movies like Batman: Year One, Batman Beyond, Superman V, The Batman/Superman Project, The Flash, and The Hulk plus lots lots more...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Modern-age comics have tended to portray "Bruce Wayne" as the facade, with "Batman" as the truer representation of his personality[111] (in counterpoint to the post-Crisis Superman, whose "Clark Kent" persona is the 'real' personality, and "Superman" is the 'mask').^ If she is after Bruce Wayne, she will have no chance against Dick.” DC Comics would try to refute the allegations that Bruce and Dick were gay by introducing Batwoman, a former circus acrobat whose real name was Kathleen Kane, and her daughter, the first Bat-Girl, a fellow former circus acrobat whose own real name was Elizabeth "Betty" Kane, into the "Batman Family."
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Topics: Early Batman, golden age comics.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though the Earth-Two Batman is erased from history, many stories of Batman's Silver Age/Earth-One career (along with an amount of Golden Age ones) remain canonical in the post-Crisis universe, with his origins remaining the same in essence, despite alteration.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[112][113] In Batman Unmasked, a television documentary about the psychology of the character, Associate Professor of Social Psychology at the University of California, Los Angeles, and an adjunct behavioral scientist at the Rand Corporation Benjamin Karney, notes that the Batman's personality is driven by Bruce Wayne's inherent humanity; that "Batman, for all its benefits and for all of the time Bruce Wayne devotes to it, is ultimately a tool for Bruce Wayne's efforts to make the world better".
.As noted in the the Will Brooker book, Batman Unmasked, "the confirmation of Batman's identity lies with the young audience...he doesn't have to be Bruce Wayne; he just needs the suit and gadgets, the abilities, and most importantly the morality, the humanity.^ [Bruce Wayne lies prone.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ He targets both Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman doesn't need to be this close.
  • But whosoever would pluck 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC teland.com [Source type: Original source]

.There's just a sense about him: 'they trust him...^ The protocol is quite simple -- move in and be *convincing* about the need for everyone who isn't either him or Batman to hit the floor and stay there.
  • But whosoever would pluck 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC teland.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Just then ALFRED THE BUTLER, 60s mannered but with sense of humor, APPEARS and takes it from him.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm revised by Warren Skaaren 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ He is surprised to see her, and tells her that he can’t explain, but asks for her just to trust him.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

and they're never wrong."[114]

Dick Grayson

.
Dick Grayson as Batman.
^ Dick Grayson on the Batcave The BatCave is one of the most important factors in Batman's career as both a headquarters for his operation as well as a place of privacy for him to think.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ The Dick Grayson in those stories was full of inner doubts stemming from his failures with Kory and the Titans and Batman's decision to choose Jean Paul Valley as his successor.
  • DC Cosmic Teams! 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC www.mykey3000.com [Source type: General]

^ Dick Grayson posed as Matches twice, once in BATMAN #243 and again in #353.
  • DC Cosmic Teams! 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC www.mykey3000.com [Source type: General]

.Promotional art of Batman & Robin #1 (June 2009).^ Art by Jim Aparo.In 1988's "Batman: A Death in the Family" storyline from Batman #426-429 Jason Todd, the second Robin, is killed by the Joker.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Art by Frank Quitely
.With Wayne apparently "dead", Dick Grayson has become the new Batman.^ In the 1980s, Dick Grayson becomes Nightwing.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wayne takes in an orphaned circus acrobat, Dick Grayson, who becomes his sidekick, Robin.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Golden Age Bruce Wayne is inspired to become Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is the second time he has taken on the mantle in Bruce Wayne's absence, albeit the first time (when Wayne was recovering from his broken back) reluctantly.^ He tugs again, and this time Bruce pulls back.
  • But whosoever would pluck 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC teland.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No Houseboys for Bruce Wayne this time.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Authors have gone back and forth over the years as to how Batman manages the 'playboy' aspect of Bruce Wayne's personality; at different times he embraces or flees from the women interested in attracting "Gotham's most eligible bachelor".
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After Wayne's "death", Dick stated that he has no problem becoming Batman, but Wayne had left a prerecorded message telling him not to take up the mantle and to continue fighting crime as Nightwing with Robin at his side.^ He takes up the identity of the Batman.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman decides to tell Dick that he wants him to fight crime.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Bruce asked Nightwing to take the Batman mantle while he retrained himself.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Realizing that Gotham still needed the Dark Knight, Dick retired his Nightwing mantle to become the new Batman.^ In the 1980s, Dick Grayson becomes Nightwing.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman Forever was directed by Joel Schumacher, who had an idea of a new type of Batman that was less dark.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ The Dark Knight Returns and later The first issue of Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, which redefined Batman in the 1980s.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In an interview with IGN, Morrison details that having Grayson as Batman and Damian Wayne as Robin will be a "reverse" of the normal dynamic between Batman and Robin, with, "a more light-hearted and spontaneous Batman and a scowling, badass Robin." Morrison explains his intentions for the new characterization of Batman: "Dick Grayson is kind of this consummate superhero. .The guy has been Batman's partner since he was a kid, he's led the Teen Titans, and he's trained with everybody in the DC Universe.^ DC Comics 10 appearances Teen Titans Vol.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In the 1970s and 1980s, Brave and the Bold became a Batman title, in which Batman teams up with a different DC Universe superhero each month.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While he had received credit for other DC work since the 1940s, he began, in the 1960s, to receive limited acknowledgment for his Batman writing; in the letters page of Batman #169 (Feb.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.So he's a very different kind of Batman.^ Finally we have the kind of Batman movie that should have been made years ago.Very dark, gritty and very much story driven.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I hate that "vs" lasting until, like the last 15 minutes of a movie, kind of how robin wasn't really ROBIN until the very very end of batman episode 3 : the suckfest.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman Begins kicks about 8 different kinds of ass!
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He's a lot easier; He's a lot looser and more relaxed.^ Behind the mask, he's a lot looser, more carefree, than some guys we could name...
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

[56]

Skills, abilities, and resources

.There are a plethora of superheroes without superpowers but of them all the Batman character relies on "his own scientific knowledge, detective skills, and athletic prowess."^ Batman owns all your asses.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Skills, abilities, and resources Unlike many superheroes, Batman has no superpowers and instead relies on "his own scientific knowledge, detective skills, and athletic prowess."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kane signed away ownership in the character in exchange for, among other compensation, a mandatory byline on all Batman comics.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23] .In the stories Batman is regarded as one of the world's greatest detectives.^ In the stories Batman is regarded as one of the world's greatest detectives.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All-Star Detective Comics Emphasis on the word “detective.” Each would be a done-in-one mystery story starring Batman, Elongated Man, Jason Bard, or any one of DC’s other great and not-so-great detective characters.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

^ In the back-up story in the Batman and Detective annuals, the Gotham City Blood Bank is vandalized and robbed, and there is also an attempted murder or two.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

[115] .In Grant Morrison's first storyline in JLA, Superman describes Batman as "the most dangerous man on Earth," able to defeat a team of superpowered aliens all by himself in order to rescue his imprisoned teammates.^ In Grant Morrison's first storyline in JLA, Superman describes Batman as "the most dangerous man on Earth," able to defeat a team of superpowered aliens all by himself in order to rescue his imprisoned teammates.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By using a kryptonite ring that Superman entrusted to him, Batman stalls the Man of Steel while Catwoman lets Lois Lane fall from a skyscraper.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman departs, leaving Wonder Woman to question how Superman could consider such a man a friend.
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[116] .He is also a master of disguise, often gathering information under the identity of Matches Malone, a notorious gangster.^ Another identity used by Batman is that of gangster " Matches Malone ."
  • Batman (Bruce Wayne) - DC Comics Database 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC dc.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He is also a master of disguise, often gathering information under the identity of Matches Malone.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Author's Note: Mildred wrote some  Matches Malone snippets that inspired the hell outta me, and got me thinking about *all* of Bruce's identities.
  • But whosoever would pluck 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC teland.com [Source type: Original source]

Costume

.Batman's costume incorporates the imagery of a bat in order to frighten criminals.^ Costume Main article: Batsuit Batman's costume incorporates the imagery of a bat in order to frighten criminals.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Batmobile was redesigned, and Batman's costume was modified to incorporate a yellow ellipse behind the bat-insignia.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now, this was both good and bad, good, because the actor playing BATS looked DEAD ON.....bad because they are using the BATMAN RETURNS CATWOMAN, costume and blonde hair.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[117] .The details of the Batman costume change repeatedly through various stories and media, but the most distinctive elements remain consistent: a scallop-hem cape, a cowl covering most of the face featuring a pair of batlike ears, and a stylized bat emblem on the chest, and the ever-present utility belt.^ He's in his bat-suit, minus the cape and cowl.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman keeps most of his field equipment in a utility belt.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The details of the Batman costume change repeatedly through various stories and media, but the most distinctive elements remain consistent: a scallop-hem cape, a cowl covering most of the face featuring a pair of batlike ears, and a stylized bat emblem on the chest, plus the ever-present utility belt.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The costumes' colors are traditionally blue and grey,[117] although this colorization arose due to the way comic book art is colored.^ The costumes' colors are traditionally blue and grey,[83][85][86][87] although this colorization arose due to the way comic book art is colored.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Essentially, the book will discuss how comics have become the primary form or morality storytelling much in the way that Bible studies were in the past.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Finger and Kane conceptualized Batman as having a black cape and cowl and grey suit, but conventions in coloring called for black to be highlighted with blue.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[117] .Finger and Kane conceptualized Batman as having a black cape and cowl and grey suit, but conventions in coloring called for black to be highlighted with blue.^ Finger and Kane conceptualized Batman as having a black cape and cowl and grey suit, but conventions in coloring called for black to be highlighted with blue.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He's in his bat-suit, minus the cape and cowl.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ The traditional colors of the suit are Black, Blue, and Grey.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

[117] .This coloring has been claimed by Larry Ford, in Place, Power, Situation, and Spectacle: A Geography of Film, to be a reversion of conventional color-coding symbolism, which sees "bad guys" wearing dark colors.^ This coloring has been claimed by Larry Ford, in Place, Power, Situation, and Spectacle: A Geography of Film, to be a reversion of conventional color-coding symbolism, which sees "bad guys" wearing dark colors.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The guy next to me at the IMAX showing had already seen the film, and had dragged a bunch of his friends to see it again.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman sees the Universe as a cold and unfeeling place, where Bad Things happen to Good People and random violence can strike the most innocent and undeserving.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

[118] .Batman's gloves typically feature three scallops that protrude from long, gauntlet-like cuffs, although in his earliest appearances he wore short, plain gloves without the scallops.^ Batman's gloves typically feature three scallops that protrude from the sides.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Farrel's a decent choice for Batman I guess, although I can't offhand remember what he looks like.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Three years ago, the cover was Batman: The Long Halloween #3 .
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

.A yellow ellipse around the bat logo on the character's chest was added in 1964, and became the hero's trademark symbol, akin to the red and yellow "S" symbol of Superman.^ A yellow ellipse around the bat logo on the character's chest was added in 1964, and became the hero's trademark symbol, akin to the red and yellow "S" symbol of Superman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He will have a large black bat on his chest without the yellow oval around it.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The bat is a primary animal associated with fictional characters of the night, both villains like Dracula and heroes like Batman.
  • 227's YouTube "Zoo!"-Bat! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[119] .The overall look of the character, particularly the length of the cowl's ears and of the cape, varies greatly depending on the artist.^ The overall look of the character, particularly the length of the cowl's ears and of the cape, varies greatly depending on the artist.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Various creators worked to return the character to his dark roots, culminating in the 1986 miniseries Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, by writer-artist Frank Miller.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's his CAPE that's bulletproof, and from the looks of it, you could make the case for his cowl to be, as well.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Dennis O'Neil said, "We now say that Batman has two hundred suits hanging in the Batcave so they don't have to look the same .^ Dennis O'Neil said, "We now say that Batman has two hundred suits hanging in the Batcave so they don't have to look the same .
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dennis O'Neil noted that character consistency wasn't a major concern during earlier editorial regimes; he said, "Julie Schwartz did a Batman in Batman and Detective and Murray Boltinoff did a Batman in the Brave and the Bold and apart from the costume they bore very little resemblance to each other.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Denny O'Neil, Neal Adams, Dick Giordano, Steve Englehart, Marshall Rogers cemented Batman as my favorite character.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

. . .Everybody loves to draw Batman, and everybody wants to put their own spin on it."^ Everybody loves to draw Batman, and everybody wants to put their own spin on it."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman agreed, and kidnapped Wonder Woman and bound her with her own lasso in order to draw Superman into a wasteland, where he then bombarded the hero with simulated red sunlight.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

[120]

Equipment

The 1966 television Batmobile was built by George Barris from a Lincoln Futura concept car.
.Batman uses a large arsenal of specialized gadgets in his war against crime, the designs of which usually share a bat motif.^ The 1989 Tim Burton's movie Batmobile armored carBatman utilizes a large arsenal of specialized gadgets in his war against crime, the designs of which usually share a bat motif.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The middle Batman, with the huge bat symbol and large pockets, is the same one shown lying dead on the third page.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Just the simplicity of it acttracts me because Batman and his war on crime is such a personal, intimate thing.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Batman historian Les Daniels credits Gardner Fox with creating the concept of Batman's arsenal with the introduction of the utility belt in Detective Comics #29 (July 1939) and the first bat-themed weapons the batarang and the "Batgyro" in Detective Comics #31 and #32 (September; October, 1939).^ Batman historian Les Daniels credits Gardner Fox with creating the concept of Batman's arsenal with the introduction of the utility belt in Detective Comics #29 (July 1939) and the first bat-themed weapons the batarang and the "Batgyro" in Detective Comics #31 and #32 (September; October, 1939).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman's characteristic utility belt was introduced in Detective Comics #29 (July 1939), followed by the boomerang-like batarang and the first bat-themed vehicle in #31 (Sept.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The character first appeared in Detective Comics #27 (May 1939).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .Batman's primary vehicle is the Batmobile, which is usually depicted as an imposing black car with large tailfins that suggest a bat's wings.^ Batman's primary vehicle is the Batmobile, which is usually depicted as an imposing black car with large tailfins that suggest a bat's wings.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The middle Batman, with the huge bat symbol and large pockets, is the same one shown lying dead on the third page.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ The bat is a primary animal associated with fictional characters of the night, both villains like Dracula and heroes like Batman.
  • 227's YouTube "Zoo!"-Bat! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Batman's other vehicles include the Batplane (aka the Batwing), Batboat, Bat-Sub, and Batcycle.^ Batman's other vehicles include the Batplane (aka the Batwing), Batboat, Bat-Sub, and Batcycle.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The cave houses many of Batman's vehicles such as the Batmobile, Batbikes and the Bat-Wing to name a few.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman's primary vehicle is the Batmobile, which is usually depicted as an imposing black car with large tailfins that suggest a bat's wings.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In proper practice, the "bat" prefix (as in batmobile or batarang) is rarely used by Batman himself when referring to his equipment, particularly after some portrayals (primarily the 1960s Batman live-action television show and the Super Friends animated series) stretched the practice to campy proportions.^ Batman : the animated series : comics to color.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the animated series, see The Batman (TV series).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 1960s was the same time that Batman: The Series began to air on television.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.The 1960s television series Batman has an arsenal that includes such "bat-" names as the bat-computer, bat-scanner, bat-radar, bat-cuffs, bat-pontoons, bat-drinking water dispenser, bat-camera with polarized bat-filter, bat-shark repellent bat-spray, and bat-rope.^ The 1960s was the same time that Batman: The Series began to air on television.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ The 1960s television series Batman has an arsenal that includes such "bat-" names as the bat-computer, bat-scanner, bat-radar, bat-cuffs, bat-pontoons, bat-drinking water dispenser, bat-camera with polarized bat-filter, bat-shark repellent bat-spray, and bat-rope.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman: The Movie Based off of the campy 1960s television series.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.The storyline "A Death in the Family" suggests that given Batman's grim nature, he is unlikely to have adopted the "bat" prefix on his own.^ The storyline "A Death in the Family" suggests that given Batman's grim nature, he is unlikely to have adopted the "bat" prefix on his own.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman: a character given rise from the death of others who sees value in all life.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman's primary vehicle is the Batmobile, which is usually depicted as an imposing black car with large tailfins that suggest a bat's wings.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Batman keeps most of his field equipment in a utility belt.^ Batman keeps most of his field equipment in a utility belt.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman’s utility belt is one of his most characteristic items of special paraphernalia, and everyone in the "Batman Family" has the same designs on their utility belts.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ BATMAN takes a RADIO TRANSMITTER from his utility belt and SPEAKS INTO IT. BATMAN Shields open.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

.Over the years it is shown to contain a virtually limitless variety of crime fighting tools.^ Over the years it is shown to contain a virtually limitless variety of crime fighting tools.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman Beyond starts off 45 years into the future, where an aging Batman still continues to fight crime.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Different versions of the belt have these items stored in either pouches or hard cylinders attached evenly around it.^ Different versions of the belt have these items stored in either pouches or hard cylinders attached evenly around it.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A typical major exception to the range of Batman's equipment are conventional firearms, which he refuses to use on principle considering that weapon class was the instrument of his parents' murder.^ I always imagine Batman as a person who is embittered by his experience as a kid who lost his parent in a murder and Farrell has that intensity in him.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finger said, "Batman was originally written in the style of the pulps",[12] and this influence was evident with Batman showing little remorse over killing or maiming criminals and was not above using firearms.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Equipment Batman is most notable for his use of gadgetry .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Modern depictions of Batman have him compromise for practicality by arming his vehicles mainly for the purpose of removing obstacles or disabling enemy vehicles.^ Elliot had in fact been the enemy known as Hush and was attacking Batman by manipulating his enemies to attack him.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman's primary vehicle is the Batmobile, which is usually depicted as an imposing black car with large tailfins that suggest a bat's wings.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Bat-Signal

.When Batman is needed, the Gotham City police activate a searchlight with a bat-shaped insignia over the lens called the Bat-signal which shines into the night sky, creating a bat-symbol on a passing cloud which can be seen from any point in Gotham.^ Later, Batman gives the Gotham Police Department a "Bat-Signal" to call him whenever the city needs him.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ The police are overwhelmed, so Commissioner Gordon calls for the Bat-Signal to be ignited.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Bat-Signal Main article: Bat-Signal When Batman is needed, the Gotham City police activate a searchlight with a bat-shaped insignia over the lens called the Bat-signal which shines into the night sky, creating a bat-symbol on a passing cloud which can be seen from any point in Gotham.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The origin of the signal varies, depending on the continuity and medium.^ The origin of the signal varies, depending on the continuity and medium.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In various incarnations, most notably the 1960s Batman TV series, Commissioner Gordon also has a dedicated phone line, dubbed the Bat-Phone, connected to a bright red telephone (in the TV series) which sits on a wooden base and has a transparent cake cover on top.^ In various incarnations, most notably the 1960s Batman TV series, Commissioner Gordon also has a dedicated phone line, dubbed the Bat-Phone, connected to a bright red telephone (in the TV series) which sits on a wooden base and has a transparent cake cover on top.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the animated series, see The Batman (TV series).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman: The Movie Based off of the campy 1960s television series.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.The line connects directly to Batman's residence, Wayne Manor, specifically both to a similar phone sitting on the desk in Bruce Wayne's study and the extension phone in the Batcave.^ He targets both Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ INT. WAYNE MANOR - STUDY - DAY ALFRED, in his apron, on the phone.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ Bruce Wayne's Buddhist studies in the Orient .
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

Batcave

.The Batcave is Batman's secret headquarters, consisting of a series of subterranean caves beneath his mansion, Wayne Manor.^ Batcave Main article: Batcave The Batcave is Batman's secret headquarters, consisting of a series of subterranean caves beneath his Wayne Manor.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Additionally, Batman also moves from Wayne Manor into a penthouse apartment atop the Wayne Foundation building in downtown Gotham City, in order to be closer to Gotham City's crime.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She tells the duo she used her x-ray vision to find the Batcave, and now, based on the mansion above the cave, she knows their identity.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

.It serves as his command center for both local and global surveillance, as well as housing his vehicles and equipment for his war on crime.^ It serves as his command center for both local and global surveillance, as well as housing his vehicles and equipment for his war on crime.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It also is a storeroom for Batman's memorabilia.^ It also is a storeroom for Batman's memorabilia.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In both the comic Batman: Shadow of the Bat (issue #45) and the 2005 film Batman Begins, the cave is said to have been part of the Underground Railroad.^ In both the comic Batman: Shadow of the Bat (issue #45) and the 2005 film Batman Begins, the cave is said to have been part of the Underground Railroad.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman Begins is a great film...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another happened in the summer of 2005, when painter Mark Chamberlain displayed a number of watercolors depicting both Batman and Robin in suggestive and sexually explicit poses.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Of the heroes and villains who see the Batcave, few know where it is located.^ Of the heroes and villains who see the Batcave, few know where it is located.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the reversal reality of the Feast of Fools, it's the arch-villain who dos the most good, while the hero is ineffective and lost until the conclusion.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ I’d think it was done by remote detonation if it weren’t for the Joker looking totally panicked when he sees Alfred in his lair, knowing that Alfred is going to explode in just a few minutes.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

Supporting characters

.
Batman with his sidekick Robin.
^ The chapter on willpower is molded by a Talmudic sage's definition of a "strong man," with sidekick Robin's explanation of Batman's success.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Supporting characters Main article: Batman supporting characters Batman with his sidekick Robin.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In this mult-part story, Batman encounters the mysterious "Red Hood," who unmasks to reveal that he is Jason Todd, who was previously Batman's sidekick, the second "Robin."
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

Painting by Alex Ross, based on the cover of Batman #9 by Jack Burnley.
.Batman's interactions with the characters around him, both heroes and villains, help to define the character.^ Painting by Alex Ross.Batman's interactions with the characters around him, both heroes and villains, help to define the character.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dick Grayson on the Batcave The BatCave is one of the most important factors in Batman's career as both a headquarters for his operation as well as a place of privacy for him to think.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ The bat is a primary animal associated with fictional characters of the night, both villains like Dracula and heroes like Batman.
  • 227's YouTube "Zoo!"-Bat! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[61] .Commissioner James "Jim" Gordon, Batman's ally in the Gotham City police, debuted along with Batman in Detective Comics #27 and has been a consistent presence since then.^ ANGLE ON JAMES W. GORDON Gotham's police commissioner, a distinguished gent in his late fifties.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm revised by Warren Skaaren 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ Early years Batman made his debut in Detective Comics #27 (May 1939).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Detective Comics #27 .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Later on, Batman gained Alfred as his butler and Lucius Fox as his business manager and apparently unwitting armorer.^ Later on, Batman gained Alfred as his butler and Lucius Fox as his business manager and apparently unwitting armorer.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Apparently Anti-Batman is killing Gotham's most notorious crime lords to appeal to the people and gain their trust in his deception (great works).
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Unfortunately, while Batman is fighting these men, he is bitten by dogs and bleeds out, forcing him to acquire a new suit built by Lucius Fox.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.However, the most important supporting role in the Batman mythos is filled by the hero's young sidekick Robin.^ Supporting characters Main article: Batman supporting characters Batman with his sidekick Robin.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman is the most extreme super hero.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ However, the most important supporting role in the Batman mythos is filled by the hero's young sidekick Robin.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[121] .The first Robin, Dick Grayson, eventually leaves his mentor and becomes the hero Nightwing, though he and Batman would still continue to work together.^ Later Batman would take in Dick Grayson (later to be known as Nightwing ), who would become his sidekick Robin .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman meanwhile, continues to drive and still refuses to speak to Dick.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In the 1980s, Dick Grayson becomes Nightwing.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The second Robin, Jason Todd, is badly beaten and then killed in an explosion set by the Joker, but later returns as an adversary.^ The second Robin, Jason Todd, is beaten to death by the Joker but later returns as an adversary.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The second and the possibly the worst incident in Batman’s career was brutal murder of the second Robin, Jason Todd, which almost drove Batman insane and the next time they meet Batman was full of Scarecrow’s fear toxins and came close to beating the Joker to death.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In this mult-part story, Batman encounters the mysterious "Red Hood," who unmasks to reveal that he is Jason Todd, who was previously Batman's sidekick, the second "Robin."
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.Tim Drake, the third Robin, first appeared in 1989 and went on to star in his own comic series.^ Tim Drake, the third Robin, first appears in 1989 and has gone on to star in his own comic series.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The kid could be the Tim Drake Robin.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But again low-budget, and I already said that the whole thing was pretty lame-o, even though I enjoyed the first AvB comics-mini-series.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Alfred, Bruce Wayne's loyal butler, father figure, and one of the few to know his secret identity, "[lends] a homey touch to Batman's environs and [is] ever ready to provide a steadying and reassuring hand" to the hero and his sidekick.^ Alfred frowns as he hands Bruce his coat.
  • Bruce Wayne Pilot (WB property) [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ He targets both Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ He knows Batman's secret identity.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

[122]
.Batman is at times a member of superhero teams such as the Justice League of America and the Outsiders.^ Batman also was no longer a founding member of the Justice League.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In the early 1960s Batman later became a founding member of the Justice League of America .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman is at times a member of superhero teams such as the Justice League of America and the Outsiders.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Batman has often been paired in adventure with his Justice League teammate Superman, notably as the co-stars of World's Finest and Superman/Batman series.^ Batman has often been paired in adventure with his Justice League teammate Superman, notably as the co-stars of World's Finest and Superman/Batman series.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And if all that stuff from the book of Revelations ever happens, you can bet Batman has a whole plan worked out for the Justice League to prevent it.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Justice League Crisis on Two Earths The Justice League fight their counterparts from an alternate reality, The Crime Syndicate, to protect both worlds from destruction.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.In pre-Crisis continuity, the two are depicted as close friends; however, in current continuity, they have a mutually respectful but uneasy relationship, with an emphasis on their differing views on crime fighting and justice.^ This depicted that Batman and Superman were close friends.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In pre-Crisis continuity, the two are depicted as close friends; however, in current continuity, they have a mutually respectful but uneasy relationship, with an emphasis on their differing views on crime fighting and justice.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While Frank Miller has described the relationship between Batman and the Joker as a "homophobic nightmare",[107] he views the character as sublimating his sexual urges into crime fighting, concluding, "He'd be much healthier if he were gay".
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Batman is involved romantically with many women throughout his various incarnations.^ Batman is involved romantically with many women throughout his various incarnations.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman has, for example, been shown celebrating Christmas many times throughout his long history.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman's cape has undergone many redesigns from DC Comics artists throughout the years.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

These range from society women such as Julie Madison, Vicki Vale and Silver St. Cloud, to allies like Wonder Woman and Sasha Bordeaux, to even villainesses such as Catwoman and Talia al Ghul, with the latter of whom he sired a son, Damian, and with the former of whom sired a daughter, Helena. .While these relationships tend to be short, Batman's attraction to Catwoman is present in nearly every version and medium in which the characters appear.^ While these relationships tend to be short, Batman's attraction to Catwoman is present in nearly every version and medium in which the characters appear.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Every week on Angel, Boreanez pulls off the dark brooding look that fans should BEG their film version of Batman to portray.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Adaptations in other media Main article: Batman franchise media Michael Keaton as Batman in Batman (1989)The character of Batman has appeared in various media aside from comic books.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Authors have gone back and forth over the years as to how Batman manages the 'playboy' aspect of Bruce Wayne's personality; at different times he embraces or flees from the women interested in attracting "Gotham's most eligible bachelor."^ He targets both Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Is Bruce Wayne a religious person?
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ No Houseboys for Bruce Wayne this time.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other supporting characters in Batman's world include former Batgirl Barbara Gordon, Commissioner Gordon's daughter who, now using a wheelchair due to a gunshot wound inflicted by the Joker, serves the superhero community at large as the computer hacker Oracle; Azrael, a would-be assassin who replaces Bruce Wayne as Batman for a time; Cassandra Cain, an assassin's daughter who became the new Batgirl, Huntress, the sole surviving member of a mob family turned Gotham vigilante who has worked with Batman on occasion, Stephanie Brown, the daughter of a criminal who operated as the Spoiler and temporarily as Robin, Ace the Bat-Hound, Batman's Canine partner;[123] and Bat-Mite, an extra-dimensional imp who idolizes Batman.^ It's THE motivation behind the character of Bruce Wayne.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman also has a supercomputer that he dubbed the “Bat-Computer” in which he uses when he is solving cases.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Bruce Wayne now knows the symbol he will use to create fear in criminals: a bat.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

[123]

Enemies

.
A gathering of Batman's villains.
^ Enemies A gathering of Batman's villains.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Art by Jim Lee.
.Batman faces a variety of foes ranging from common criminals to outlandish super-villains.^ Art by Jim Lee.Main article: List of Batman enemies Batman faces a variety of foes ranging from common criminals to outlandish super-villains.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman's "most implacable foe" is the Joker, a clown-like criminal who as a "personification of the irrational" represents "everything Batman [opposes]."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two-Face and Killer Croc are the only villains left and form an alliance with Commissioner Gordon and Alfred to combat Batman.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.The list is one of the most recognizable in popular culture , many of them mirror aspects of the Batman's character and development, often having tragic origin stories that lead them to a life of crime.^ A main component that defines Batman as a character is his origin story.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The central fixed event in the Batman stories is the character's origin story.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman is often treated as a vigilante by other characters in his stories.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[122] Batman's "most implacable foe" is the Joker, an insane, clown-like criminal who, as a "personification of the irrational", represents "everything Batman [opposes]."[27] Other long time recurring antagonists include Catwoman, the Scarecrow, the Penguin, Two-Face, the Riddler, Mr. Freeze, Poison Ivy and Ra's al Ghul, among many others.

Cultural impact

.Batman has become a pop culture icon, recognized around the world.^ Cultural impact Batman has become a pop culture icon, recognized around the world.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman has been an enduring part of American Pop Culture for almost SEVENTY YEARS (!!!
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A cultural icon, Batman has been licensed and adapted into a variety of media, from radio to television and film, and appears on a variety of merchandise sold all over the world.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The character's presence has extended beyond his comic book origins; events such as the release of the 1989 Batman film and its accompanying merchandising "brought the Batman to the forefront of public consciousness."^ It lists comic book characters and their religions.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Comic book characters grouped by religion...
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ The central fixed event in the Batman stories is the character's origin story.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51] .In an article commemorating the sixtieth anniversary of the character, The Guardian wrote, "Batman is a figure blurred by the endless reinvention that is modern mass culture.^ In an article commemorating the sixtieth anniversary of the character, The Guardian wrote, "Batman is a figure blurred by the endless reinvention that is modern mass culture.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Supporting characters Main article: Batman supporting characters Batman with his sidekick Robin.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Frank Miller is the author of such character-defining modern Batman stories as Batman: Year One (largely the basis for the movie Batman Returns ) and The Dark Knight Returns .
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.He is at once an icon and a commodity: the perfect cultural artefact for the 21st century."^ He is at once an icon and a commodity: the perfect cultural artefact for the 21st century."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[124] .In addition, media outlets have often used the character in trivial and comprehensive surveys — Forbes magazine estimated Bruce Wayne to be the 9th-richest fictional character with his $5.8 billion fortune, several places after Iron Man, who is at 6.[125] BusinessWeek listed the character as one of the ten most intelligent superheroes appearing in American comics.^ American comics characters .
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BRUCE You were one of the most successful magazine photographers in the city.
  • Batman script by Sam Hamm 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.dailyscript.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition, media outlets have often used the character in trivial and comprehensive surveys- Forbes Magazine estimated Bruce Wayne to be the 7th-richest fictional character with his $6.8 billion fortune[95] while BusinessWeek listed the character as one of the ten most intelligent superheroes appearing in American comics.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[126]

In other media

.The character of Batman has appeared in various media aside from comic books.^ It lists comic book characters and their religions.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Comic book characters grouped by religion...
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Adaptations in other media Main article: Batman franchise media Michael Keaton as Batman in Batman (1989)The character of Batman has appeared in various media aside from comic books.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The character has been developed as a vehicle for newspaper syndicated comic strips, books, radio dramas, television and several theatrical feature films.^ It lists comic book characters and their religions.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Comic book characters grouped by religion...
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ The character has been developed as a vehicle for newspaper syndicated comic strips, books, radio dramas, television and several theatrical feature films.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The first adaptation of Batman was as a daily newspaper comic strip which premiered on October 25, 1943.[127] That same year the character was adapted in the 15-part serial Batman, with Lewis Wilson becoming the first actor to portray Batman on screen.^ Batman : the animated series : comics to color.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Batman First on screen appearance of Batman.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman in Detective Comics : featuring the complete covers of the first 25 years.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While Batman never had a radio series of his own, the character made occasional guest appearance in The Adventures of Superman starting in 1945 on occasions when Superman voice actor Bud Collyer needed time off.^ While Batman never had a radio series of his own, the character made occasional guest appearance in The Adventures of Superman starting in 1945 on occasions when Superman voice actor Bud Collyer needed time off.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many is the time a writer has used a lesser-known character as a mouthpiece for his own opinions...
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman became a popular character soon after his introduction, and gained his own title, Batman, in 1940.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[128] .A second movie serial, Batman and Robin, followed in 1949, with Robert Lowery taking over the role of Batman.^ Batman and Robin The second serial based on th caped crusader .
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ A second movie serial, Batman and Robin, followed in 1949, with Robert Lowery taking over the role of Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Studio executive Michael E. Uslan decided that he would finance a Batman movie, even though no one at Warners or DC would acknowledge the role of Batman: The Series in saving the character from poor comics sales.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.The exposure provided by these adaptations during the 1940s "helped make [Batman] a household name for millions who never bought a comic book."^ The exposure provided by these adaptations during the 1940s "helped make [Batman] a household name for millions who never bought a comic book."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman stories translated from U.S. comic books.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Volume 1 follows the beginnings of comics and some of the comic book characters that were popular during the turn of the century, World War I, the Roaring '20s and the Great Depression.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[128].
In the 1964 publication of Donald Barthelme's collection of short stories "Come Back, Dr. Caligari", Barthelme wrote "The Joker's Greatest Triumph." Batman is portrayed for purposes of spoof as a pretentious French-speaking rich man.[129]
Michael Keaton as Batman in Batman (1989)
.The Batman television series, starring Adam West, premiered in January 1966 on the ABC television network.^ The Batman television series, starring Adam West, premiered in January 1966 on the ABC television network.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Actor Adam West as television's best-known Batman.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Warner Brothers was allegedly offered a Batman origin in serialized format, or a television series.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Inflected with a camp sense of humor, the show became a pop culture phenomenon.^ Inflected with a camp sense of humor, the show became a pop culture phenomenon.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In his memoir, Back to the Batcave, West notes his dislike for the term 'camp' as it was applied to the 1960s series, opining that the show was instead a farce or lampoon, and a deliberate one, at that.^ In his memoir, Back to the Batcave, West notes his dislike for the term 'camp' as it was applied to the 1960s series, opining that the show was instead a farce or lampoon, and a deliberate one, at that.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That was the one show which took the Joker/Batgirl relationship seriously.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Accused of being camp, an accusation that demeaned the efforts of those who were involved in Batman: The Series by suggesting that what they were working hard to achieve was so easy or bad that anyone could have done it--all West and his castmates, and all Dozier and his crew, did was make it look that way-- Batman: The Series was actually a farce and a lampoon, and it was one that was being produced at the time when pop art was in its heyday.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.The series ran for 120 episodes, ending in 1968. In between the first and second season of the Batman television series the cast and crew made the theatrical release Batman (1966).^ The series ran for 120 episodes, ending in 1968.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In between the first and second season of the Batman television series the cast and crew made the theatrical release Batman (1966).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Warner Brothers was allegedly offered a Batman origin in serialized format, or a television series.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The popularity of the Batman TV series also resulted in the first animated adaptation of Batman in the series The Batman/Superman Hour;[130] the Batman segments of the series were repackaged as Batman with Robin the Boy Wonder which produced thirty-three episodes between 1968 and 1977. From 1973 until 1986, Batman had a starring role in ABC's Super Friends series, which was animated by Hanna-Barbera.^ This depicted that Batman and Superman were close friends.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ From 1973 until 1984, Batman had a starring role in ABC's Super Friends series, which was animated by Hanna-Barbera.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Three actors acted out the role in Batman: The Series.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Olan Soule was the voice of Batman in all these series, but was eventually replaced during Super Friends by Adam West, who voiced the character in Filmation's 1977 series The New Adventures of Batman.^ Who is the new Batman?
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Olan Soule was the voice of Batman in all these series, but was eventually replaced during Super Friends by Adam West, who voiced the character in Filmation's 1977 series The New Adventures of Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kane signed away ownership in the character in exchange for, among other compensation, a mandatory byline on all Batman comics.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1989, Batman returned to movie theaters in director Tim Burton's Batman starring Michael Keaton as the title character.^ Michael Keaton returned as Batman and Bruce Wayne.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman Returns is a sequel to the 1989 Batman movie and was released in 1992.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ The success of director Tim Burton's 1989 film Batman also helped to reignite popular interest in the character.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The film was a huge success; not only was it the top-grossing film of the year, but at the time was the fifth highest-grossing film in history.^ Burton's film was a huge success; not only was it the top-grossing film of the year, but at the time was the fifth highest-grossing film in history.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its sequel, The Dark Knight (2008), set the record for the highest grossing opening weekend of all time in the U.S., earning approximately $158.4 million,[102] and became the fastest film to reach the $400 million mark in the history of American cinema (eighteenth day of release).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By that time, National was the top-selling and most influential publisher in the industry; Batman and the company's other major hero, Superman, were the cornerstones of the company's success.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[131] .The film spawned three sequels: Batman Returns (1992), Batman Forever (1995) and Batman & Robin (1997), the last two of which were directed by Joel Schumacher instead of Burton, and replaced Keaton as Batman with Val Kilmer and George Clooney, respectively.^ Batman Forever The third Batman film with Val Kilmer as Batman and featuring Two-Face and the Riddler.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman Returns is a sequel to the 1989 Batman movie and was released in 1992.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman and Robin, respectively.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The latter of the two Shumacher films was a critical and commercial failure, causing WB to cancel the planned third film, Batman Triumphant, and place the series on hiatus.^ Batman Forever The third Batman film with Val Kilmer as Batman and featuring Two-Face and the Riddler.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Batman Begins The first in a "re-booted" series of Batman films.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ I've seen this film, and for all of those who think Batman is fat or the costume looks like shit you're seriously wrong.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Batman as he was depicted in Batman: The Animated Series.
In 1992, Batman returned to television in Batman: The Animated Series, which was produced by Warner Bros. and broadcast on the Fox television network. Author Les Daniels described the series as "[coming] as close as any artistic statement has to defining the look of Batman for the 1990s."[132] The success of Batman: The Animated Series led to the animated spin-off film Batman: Mask of the Phantasm (1993), as well as various other animated series set in the same continuity, including The New Batman Adventures, Batman Beyond, and Justice League. .As with Batman: The Animated Series, each of these productions featured Kevin Conroy as the voice of Batman.^ Batman : the animated series : comics to color.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the animated series, see The Batman (TV series).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like Batman: The Animated Series, these productions starred Kevin Conroy as the voice of Batman/Bruce Wayne.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2004, a new animated series titled The Batman made its debut with Rino Romano as the title character.^ Batman : the animated series : comics to color.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the animated series, see The Batman (TV series).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2004, a new animated series titled The Batman made its debut with Rino Romano as the title character.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2008, this show was replaced by another animated series, Batman: The Brave and the Bold, with Diedrich Bader as Batman.^ Batman : the animated series : comics to color.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the animated series, see The Batman (TV series).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Book about Batman, the Animated Series.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2005, Christopher Nolan directed Batman Begins, a reboot of the film franchise starring Christian Bale as Batman.^ The movie is directed by Christopher Nolan with a dark theme, but not as dark as Burton's Batmans.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ In 2005 Christopher Nolan directed Batman Begins, a reboot of the film franchise starring Christian Bale as Batman.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Christian Bale would also be a superior Batman.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its sequel, The Dark Knight (2008), set the record for the highest grossing opening weekend of all time in the U.S., earning approximately $158 million,[133] and became the fastest film to reach the $400 million mark in the history of American cinema (eighteenth day of release).^ Its sequel, The Dark Knight (2008), set the record for the highest grossing opening weekend of all time in the U.S., earning approximately $158.4 million,[102] and became the fastest film to reach the $400 million mark in the history of American cinema (eighteenth day of release).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the account of Batman's origin provided in issue #1 of Frank Miller's Batman: The Dark Knight Returns , Batman recalls finding the Batcave for the first time, at the age of six.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ All the freaking time he spent in the past complaining about this film based on trailers and script leaks.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[134] .These record breaking attendances saw The Dark Knight listed as the third-highest domestic grossing film of all time with $533 million, bested by Titanic and Avatar.^ Its sequel, The Dark Knight (2008), set the record for the highest grossing opening weekend of all time in the U.S., earning approximately $158.4 million,[102] and became the fastest film to reach the $400 million mark in the history of American cinema (eighteenth day of release).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the same year, the first issue of Legends of the Dark Knight, the first new solo Batman title in nearly fifty years, sold close to a million copies.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now back in present time, Batman has established himself as the Dark Knight of Gotham City.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

[135] An animated anthology feature set between the Nolan films, Batman: Gotham Knight, was also released in 2008.

Homosexual interpretations

.
Bruce Wayne and Dick Grayson.
^ Wayne takes in an orphaned circus acrobat, Dick Grayson, who becomes his sidekick, Robin.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bruce gears up in a prototype Bat costume and meet up with Dick Grayson, now calling himself Robin, whose own costume Alfred had created.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Homosexual interpretations Bruce Wayne and Dick Grayson.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Panel from Batman #84 (June 1954), page 24.
.Controversy has arisen over various sexual interpretations made regarding the content of Batman comics.^ Panel from Batman #84 (June, 1954), page 24.There has been some controversy over various sexual interpretations made regarding the content of Batman comics.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Story and visual elements or characters taken from various comic books including BATMAN:YEAR ONE, THE DARK KNIGHT RETURNS, SON OF THE DEMON, etc.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It can be found in various June 1960 comics including Action Comics #265 , Batman #132 , Sugar & Spike #29 , and World’s Finest #110 .
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

Homosexual interpretations have been part of the academic study of Batman since psychologist Fredric Wertham asserted in his Seduction of the Innocent in 1954 that "Batman stories are psychologically homosexual." He claimed, "The Batman type of story may stimulate children to homosexual fantasies, of the nature of which they may be unconscious." Wertham wrote, "Only someone ignorant of the fundamentals of psychiatry and of the psychopathology of sex can fail to realize a subtle atmosphere of homoeroticism which pervades the adventures of the mature 'Batman' and his young friend 'Robin.'"[136]
.Andy Medhurst wrote in his 1991 essay "Batman, Deviance, and Camp" that Batman is interesting to gay audiences because "he was one of the first fictional characters to be attacked on the grounds of his presumed homosexuality," "the 1960s TV series remains a touchstone of camp," and "[he] merits analysis as a notably successful construction of masculinity."^ For the animated series, see The Batman (TV series).
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Andy Medhurst wrote in his essay "Batman, Deviance, and Camp" that Batman is interesting to gay audiences because "he was one of the first fictional characters to be attacked on the grounds of his presumed homosexuality," "the 1960s TV series remains a touchstone of camp," and "[he] merits analysis as a notably successful construction of masculinity."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Features Batman and related fictional characters.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[137]
.Creators associated with the character have expressed their own opinions.^ Creators associated with the character have expressed their own opinions.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many is the time a writer has used a lesser-known character as a mouthpiece for his own opinions...
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ I think each creator sees the characters in their own lights.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

.Writer Alan Grant has stated, "The Batman I wrote for 13 years isn't gay.^ Writer Alan Grant has stated, "The Batman I wrote for 13 years isn't gay.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Well, the Batman I wrote for 13 years ISN'T gay.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Detective Comics #619 “Rite of Passage, Part Two: Beyond Belief” Alan Grant, writer Norm Breyfogle, penciler Published August 1990 .
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

.Denny O'Neil's Batman, Marv Wolfman's Batman, everybody's Batman all the way back to Bob Kane...^ Denny O'Neil's Batman, Marv Wolfman's Batman, everybody's Batman all the way back to Bob Kane...
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kane signed away ownership in the character in exchange for, among other compensation, a mandatory byline on all Batman comics.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bob Kane noted that, as a result, DC was "planning to kill Batman off altogether."
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

none of them wrote him as a gay character. .Only Joel Schumacher might have had an opposing view."^ Only Joel Schumacher might have had an opposing view".
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only Joel Schumacher might have had an opposing view."
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

.Writer Devin Grayson has commented, "It depends who you ask, doesn't it?^ Well, I guess it depends who you ask, doesn't it?
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ Writer Devin Grayson has commented, "It depends who you ask, doesn't it?
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (In fact, he so fits the image of the benevolent kindly old fellow that his one off-color comment, when you ask him about the spring, seems slightly out of place; dirty old man, perhaps, but it doesn't seem to fit his persona.
  • Game Reviews S - SPAG 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.sparkynet.com [Source type: General]

.Since you're asking me, I'll say no, I don't think he is ...^ Unfortunately, the walkthrough is of no help in the "walk" - you'll just have to sweat it through (the endgame is worth it!
  • Game Reviews S - SPAG 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.sparkynet.com [Source type: General]

^ I don't know how you, nor your avid readers, could even begin to say that Jude Law, or Colin Farrell are "unknowns".
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You like pulling childish pranks on these Talkbacks because you think you're pushing people's buttons.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.I certainly understand the gay readings, though."^ I certainly understand the gay readings, though.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ I certainly understand the gay readings, though".
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[138] While Frank Miller has described the relationship between Batman and the Joker as a "homophobic nightmare,"[139] he views the character as sublimating his sexual urges into crime fighting, concluding, "He'd be much healthier if he were gay."[140] Burt Ward, who portrayed Robin in the 1960s television show, has also remarked upon this interpretation in his autobiography Boy Wonder: My Life in Tights; He writes that the relationship could be interpreted as a sexual one, with the show's double entendres and lavish camp also possibly offering ambiguous interpretation.[141]
.Such homosexual interpretations continue to attract attention.^ Such homosexual interpretations continue to attract attention.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One notable example occurred in 2000, when DC Comics refused to allow permission for the reprinting of four panels (from Batman #79, 92, 105 and 139) to illustrate Christopher York's paper All in the Family: Homophobia and Batman Comics in the 1950s.^ One notable example occurred in 2000, when DC Comics refused to allow permission for the reprinting of four panels (from Batman #79, 92, 105 and 139) to illustrate Christopher York's paper All in the Family: Homophobia and Batman Comics in the 1950s.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "All in the Family: Homophobia and Batman Comics in the 1950s".
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New York : DC Comics, 1989.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[142] .Another happened in the summer of 2005, when painter Mark Chamberlain displayed a number of watercolors depicting both Batman and Robin in suggestive and sexually explicit poses.^ Another happened in the summer of 2005, when painter Mark Chamberlain displayed a number of watercolors depicting both Batman and Robin in suggestive and sexually explicit poses.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Batman ends up saving both Chase and Robin while destroying the Riddler’s hideout.
  • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

^ WB has learned from Batman and Robin (Smallville proved that), so let's see what happens.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[143] .DC threatened both artist and the Kathleen Cullen Fine Arts gallery with legal action if they did not cease selling the works and demanded all remaining art, as well as any profits derived from them.^ DC threatened both artist and the Kathleen Cullen Fine Arts gallery with legal action if they did not cease selling the works and demanded all remaining art, as well as any profits derived from them.
  • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Look at how well they did.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All in all though, Suspect remains a very solid effort, and well worth a play through.
  • Game Reviews S - SPAG 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.sparkynet.com [Source type: General]

[144]

Notes

  1. ^ Goulart, Ron, Comic Book Encyclopedia (Harper Entertainment, New York, 2004) ISBN 0-06-053816-3
  2. ^ Alter Egos And Alternate Earths
  3. ^ a b c Beatty, Scott (2008). "Batman". in Dougall, Alastair. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. London: Dorling Kindersley. pp. 40–44. ISBN 0-7566-4119-5. 
  4. ^ Daniels, Les. .Batman: The Complete History.^ Batman : the Complete History / by Les Daniels ; art direction and design by Chip Kidd.
    • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Batman: The Complete History.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Chronicle Books, 1999. ISBN 0-8118-4232-0, pg. 18
  5. ^ Steranko, Jim. The Steranko History of Comics 1. Reading, PA: Supergraphics, 1970. (ISBN 0-517-50188-0)
  6. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 21, 23
  7. ^ Havholm, Peter; Sandifer, Philip (Autumn 2003). "Corporate Authorship: A Response to Jerome Christensen". Critical Inquiry 30 (1): 192. doi:10.1086/380810. ISSN 00931896. 
  8. ^ Biography by Joe Desris, in Batman Archives, Volume 3 (DC Comics, 1994), p. 223 ISBN 1-56389-099-2
  9. ^ Daniels, Les (1999). .Batman: The Complete History.^ Batman : the Complete History / by Les Daniels ; art direction and design by Chip Kidd.
    • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Batman: The Complete History.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Chronicle Books. pp. 21, 23. ISBN 0-8118-4232-0.
     
  10. ^ a b Kane, Andrae, p. 44
  11. ^ a b Kane, Andrae, p. 41
  12. ^ Daniels, Les. DC Comics: A Celebration of the World's Favorite Comic Book Heroes. New York: Billboard Books/Watson-Guptill Publications, 2003, ISBN 0-8230-7919-8, pg. 23
  13. ^ Boichel, Bill. "Batman: Commodity as Myth." .The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.^ Batman Begins is simply and without question the best live-action superhero movie ever.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Skills, abilities, and resources Unlike many superheroes, Batman has no superpowers and instead relies on "his own scientific knowledge, detective skills, and athletic prowess."
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Routledge: London, 1991. ISBN 0-85170-276-7, pg. 6–7
  14. ^ Groth, Gary (October 2005). "Jerry Robinson". The Comics Journal 1 (271): 80–81. ISSN 0194-7869. http://www.tcj.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=350&Itemid=48. Retrieved 2007-11-18. 
  15. ^ Comic Book Artist 3. Winter 1999. TwoMorrows Publishing
  16. ^ "Comic Book Interview Super Special: Batman" Fictioneer Press, 1989
  17. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 25
  18. ^ Wright, Bradford W. Comic Book Nation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 2001. ISBN 0-8018-7450-5, pg. 19
  19. ^ a b Daniels (1999), pg. 29
  20. ^ Bill Finger (w), Bob Kane (p), Sheldon Moldoff (i). "The Batman and How He Came to Be" Detective Comics (33): 1–2 (November, 1939), DC Comics
  21. ^ Detective Comics #33 (November 1939), Grand Comics Database
  22. ^ John Jefferson Darowski, "The Mythic Symbols of Batman" December 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-20. Archived on 2008-03-20.
  23. ^ a b Wright, pg. 17
  24. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 38
  25. ^ Daniels (2003), pg. 36
  26. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 42
  27. ^ a b Boichel, pg. 9
  28. ^ Wright, pg. 59
  29. ^ Edmund Hamilton (w), Curt Swan (p). "The Mightiest Team In the World" Superman #76 (June 1952), DC Comics
  30. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 88
  31. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 91
  32. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 84
  33. ^ Boichel, pg. 13
  34. ^ York, Christopher (2000). "All in the Family: Homophobia and Batman Comics in the 1950s". The International Journal of Comic Art 2 (2): 100–110. 
  35. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 94
  36. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 95
  37. ^ Bill Finger (w), Sheldon Moldoff (p). "Gotham Gang Line-Up!" Detective Comics (328) (June, 1964), DC Comics
  38. ^ Detective Comics #31 and Batman #227, Grand Comics Database
  39. ^ Benton, Mike. The Comic Book in America: An Illustrated History. Dallas: Taylor, 1989. ISBN 0-87833-659-1, pg. 69
  40. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 115
  41. ^ Wright, pg. 233
  42. ^ Pearson, Roberta E.; Uricchio, William. "Notes from the Batcave: An Interview with Dennis O'Neil." .The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.^ Batman Begins is simply and without question the best live-action superhero movie ever.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Skills, abilities, and resources Unlike many superheroes, Batman has no superpowers and instead relies on "his own scientific knowledge, detective skills, and athletic prowess."
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Routledge: London, 1991. ISBN 0-85170-276-7, pg. 18
  43. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 140
  44. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 141
  45. ^ SciFi Wire (March 28, 2007): "Batman Artist Rogers is Dead": "Even though their Batman run was only six issues, the three laid the foundation for later Batman comics. Their stories include the classic 'Laughing Fish' (in which the Joker's face appeared on fish); they were adapted for Batman: The Animated Series in the 1990s. Earlier drafts of the 1989 Batman movie with Michael Keaton as the Dark Knight were based heavily on their work."
  46. ^ Boichel, pg. 15
  47. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 147, 149
  48. ^ Wright, pg. 267
  49. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 155, 157
  50. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 161
  51. ^ a b Pearson, Roberta E.; Uricchio, William. "Introduction." .The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.^ Batman Begins is simply and without question the best live-action superhero movie ever.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Skills, abilities, and resources Unlike many superheroes, Batman has no superpowers and instead relies on "his own scientific knowledge, detective skills, and athletic prowess."
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Routledge: London, 1991. ISBN 0-85170-276-7, pg. 1
  52. ^ "Diamond's 2005 Year-End Sales Charts & Market Share" (http). newsarama.com. 2006. Archived from the original on May 25, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060525013002/http://www.newsarama.com/marketreport/05Year_End.html. Retrieved October 26, 2006. 
  53. ^ "July 2005 Sales Charts: All-Star Batman & Robin Lives Up To Its Name" (http). newsarama.com. 2005. Archived from the original on September 7, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060907063905/http://www.newsarama.com/marketreport/july05sales.html. Retrieved October 26, 2006. 
  54. ^ Review by Iann Robinson, Crave Online
  55. ^ Review by William Gatevackes, PopMatters, 10 February 2006
  56. ^ a b Phillips, Dan (august 8, 2009). "Grant Morrison's New Batman and Robin". IGN. http://comics.ign.com/articles/986/986031p1.html. Retrieved August 8, 2009. 
  57. ^ George, Richard (March 11, 2009). "Morrison discusses Batman and Robin". IGN. http://comics.ign.com/articles/961/961488p1.html. Retrieved August 6, 2009. 
  58. ^ Wilkins, Alasdair (June 27, 2009). "Batman Is Reborn...With A Vengeance". io9. Gawker Media. http://io9.com/5303197/batman-is-rebornwith-a-vengeance. Retrieved August 6, 2009. 
  59. ^ [1] Batman: Unseen Issue One Review
  60. ^ Pearson, pg. 185
  61. ^ a b c d e Pearson; Uricchio. "'I'm Not Fooled By That Cheap Disguise.'" Pg. 186
  62. ^ Pearson, pg. 191
  63. ^ Bill Finger (w), Bob Kane (p). "The Case of the Chemical Syndicate" Detective Comics #27 (May, 1939), DC Comics
  64. ^ Bill Finger (w), Bob Kane (p). "The Batman Wars Against the Dirigible of Doom" Detective Comics #33 (November, 1939), DC Comics
  65. ^ She first appears in Detective Comics #31 (Sept. 1939)
  66. ^ Paul Levitz (w), Joe Staton (p). "The Untold Origin of the Justice Society" DC Special (29) (August/September 1977), DC Comics
  67. ^ Gardner Fox (w). All Star Comics (3) (Winter 1940/41), DC Comics
  68. ^ Bill Finger (w), Bob Kane (p). Batman (7) (November, 1941), DC Comics
  69. ^ Batman #16 (May 1943); his original last name, Beagle, is revealed in Detective Comics #96 (Feb. 1945)
  70. ^ One example is the Englehart/Rogers run of the late 1970s, which has editorial notes directing readers to issues such as Batman #1
  71. ^ Bill Finger (w), Sheldon Moldoff (p). "The First Batman" Detective Comics (235) (September, 1956), DC Comics
  72. ^ Edmond Hamilton (w), Dick Sprang (p). "When Batman Was Robin" Detective Comics (226) (December, 1955), DC Comics
  73. ^ Miller, Frank; David Mazzucchelli and Richmond Lewis (1987). Batman: Year One. DC Comics. p. 98. ISBN 1-85286-077-4. 
  74. ^ Max Allan Collins (w), Chris Warner (p). "Did Robin Die Tonight?" Batman (408) (June, 1987), DC Comics
  75. ^ Alan Grant (w), Norm Breyfogle (p). "Master of Fear" Batman (457) (December, 1990), DC Comics
  76. ^ Dixon, Chuck. et al. "Batman: Prodigal". Batman 512-514, Shadow of the Bat 32-34, Detective Comics 679-681, Robin 11-13. New York: DC Comics, 1995.
  77. ^ "Infinite Crisis" #7, p. 32
  78. ^ 52 #30
  79. ^ Batman #673
  80. ^ Batman #681
  81. ^ James Robinson (w), Don Kramer (p). "Face the Face – Conclusion" Batman (654) (August, 2006), DC Comics
  82. ^ Brad Meltzer (w), Ed Benes (p). "The Tornado's Path" Justice League of America (vol. 2) (1) (August, 2006), DC Comics
  83. ^ Chuck Dixon (w), Julian Lopex (p). Batman and the Outsiders (vol. 2) (1) (November, 2007), DC Comics
  84. ^ Rothstein, Simon. "Batman killed by his OWN dad." 28 November 2008. The Sun. Archived 28 November 2008.
  85. ^ Adams, Guy. "Holy smoke, Batman! Are you dead?" 28 November 2008, The Independent. Archived 28 November 2008.
  86. ^ Newsarama: "Batman R.I.P. - Finally?" 15 January 2009
  87. ^ Grant Morrison (w), J.G. Jones (p). "How to Murder the Earth" Final Crisis #6 (January 2009), DC Comics
  88. ^ Grant Morrison (w). Final Crisis #7 (January 2009), DC Comics
  89. ^ "Grant Morrison: Final Crisis Exit Interview, Part 2". http://newsarama.com/comics/020904-Grant-FC2.html. 
  90. ^ Tony Daniel (w). Battle for the Cowl #3 (May 2009), DC Comics
  91. ^ Chris Yost (w). Red Robin #1 (August 2009), DC Comics
  92. ^ Geoff Johns (w). Blackest Night #0 (June 2009), DC Comics
  93. ^ Peter J. Tomasi (w). Blackest Night: Batman #1 (October 2009), DC Comics
  94. ^ Geoff Johns (w). Blackest Night #5 (January 2010), DC Comics
  95. ^ Grant Morrison (w). Batman and Robin #7 (January 2010), DC Comics
  96. ^ Grant Morrison (w). Batman and Robin #8 (February 2010), DC Comics
  97. ^ a b Geddes, John (December 9, 2009). "Grant Morrison on return of original Batman". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/comics/2009-12-09-morrison-bruce-wayne-st_N.htm?loc=interstitialskip. Retrieved December 10, 2009. 
  98. ^ Segura, Alex (December 9, 2009). "DCU in 2010: The Return of Bruce Wayne hits in April". The Source. DC Comics.com. http://dcu.blog.dccomics.com/2009/12/09/dcu-in-2010-the-return-of-bruce-wayne-hits-in-april/. Retrieved December 10, 2009. 
  99. ^ Batman solicitations for May 2010 at DC's The Source
  100. ^ Pearson; Uricchio. "Notes from the Batcave: An Interview with Dennis O'Neil" p. 23
  101. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 31
  102. ^ a b c DETECTIVE Comics #33, November 1939, Bill Finger, Bob Kane
  103. ^ a b c BATMAN #1 Spring 1940,Bill Finger, Bob Kane
  104. ^ Pearson, pg. 194
  105. ^ Sharrett, Christopher. "Batman and the Twilight of the Idols: An Interview with Frank Miller." .The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.^ Batman Begins is simply and without question the best live-action superhero movie ever.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Skills, abilities, and resources Unlike many superheroes, Batman has no superpowers and instead relies on "his own scientific knowledge, detective skills, and athletic prowess."
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Routledge: London, 1991. ISBN 0-85170-276-7, pg. 44
  106. ^ Pearson, pg. 208
  107. ^ Dennis O'Neil, Wizard Batman Special 1998
  108. ^ Dennis O'Neil Batman: Knightfall. 1994, Bantam Books. ISBN 0553096737
  109. ^ Pearson, pg. 202
  110. ^ Daniels, 1999, pg. ??
  111. ^ Scott Beatty, The Batman Handbook: The Ultimate Training Manual. 2005, Quirk Books, p51. ISBN 1594740232
  112. ^ Aichele, G. (1997). Rewriting Superman. In G. Aichele & T. Pippin (Eds.), The Monstrous and the Unspeakable: The Bible as Fantastic Literature (pp. 75-101). Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.
  113. ^ Superman vol. 2, #53
  114. ^ Brooker, Will (2001). Batman Unmasked. NY/London: Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 329. ISBN 0826413439. http://books.google.com/books?id=GNRreYO91ogC&pg=PA137&dq=Unmasking+Batman&ei=7oFoSsvdMaW-NKK_xdMB. 
  115. ^ Mike Conray, 500 Great Comicbook Action Heroes. 2002, Collins & Brown. ISBN 1844110044
  116. ^ Grant Morrison (w), Howard Porter (p). "War of the Worlds" JLA (3) (March, 1997), DC Comics
  117. ^ a b c d Daniels (1999)
  118. ^ Larry Ford, "Lighting and Color in the Depiction" in Place, Power, Situation, and Spectacle: A Geography of Film, Stuart C. Aitken, Leo Zonn, Leo E. Zonn eds. 1994 Rowman & Littlefield, p132. ISBN 0847678261
  119. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 98
  120. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 159–60
  121. ^ Boichel, pg. 7
  122. ^ a b Boichel, pg. 8
  123. ^ a b Daniels (1995), pg. 138
  124. ^ Finkelstein, David; Macfarlane, Ross (March 15, 1999). "Batman's big birthday". Guardian.co.uk. http://www.guardian.co.uk/g2/story/0,,314504,00.html. Retrieved 2007-06-19. 
  125. ^ Noer, Michael; David M. Ewalt (2008-12-18). "In Pictures: The Forbes Fictional 15". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2008/12/18/bruce-wayne-money-oped-fictional1508-cx_de_1218batman.html. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  126. ^ Pisani, Joseph (2006). "The Smartest Superheroes". www.businessweek.com. http://images.businessweek.com/ss/06/05/smart_heroes/index_01.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  127. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 50
  128. ^ a b Daniels (1999), pg. 64
  129. ^ Olsen, Lance. "Linguistic Pratfalls in Barthelme", South Atlantic Review, Vol. 51, No. 4 (Nov., 1986), pp. 69-77 (article consists of 9 pages). South Atlantic Modern Language Association. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3199757
  130. ^ Boichel, pg. 14
  131. ^ "Batman (1989)". BoxOfficeMojo.com. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=batman.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-27. 
  132. ^ Daniels (1999), pg. 178
  133. ^ "Opening Weekends". BoxOfficeMojo.com. http://boxofficemojo.com/alltime/weekends/. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  134. ^ "Fastest to $400 million". BoxOfficeMojo.com. http://boxofficemojo.com/alltime/fastest.htm?page=400&p=.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 
  135. ^ "All Time Domestic Box Office Results". BoxOfficeMojo.com. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/alltime/domestic.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  136. ^ Wertham, Fredric. Seduction of the Innocent. Rinehart and Company, Inc., 1954. pg. 189–90
  137. ^ Medhurst, Andy. "Batman, Deviance, and Camp." .The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.^ Batman Begins is simply and without question the best live-action superhero movie ever.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Skills, abilities, and resources Unlike many superheroes, Batman has no superpowers and instead relies on "his own scientific knowledge, detective skills, and athletic prowess."
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Routledge: London, 1991. ISBN 0-85170-276-7, pg. 150
  138. ^ "Is Batman Gay?". http://www.comicsbulletin.com/panel/106070953757230.htm. Retrieved December 28, 2005. 
  139. ^ Sharrett, pg. 37-38
  140. ^ Sharrett, pg. 38
  141. ^ "Bruce Wayne: Bachelor". Ninth Art: Andrew Wheeler Comment. http://www.ninthart.com/display.php?article=963. Retrieved June 21, 2005. 
  142. ^ Beatty, Bart (2000). "Don't Ask, Don't Tell: How Do You Illustrate an Academic Essay about Batman and Homosexuality?". The Comics Journal (228): 17–18. 
  143. ^ "Mark Chamberlain (American, 1967)". Artnet. http://www.artnet.com/Galleries/Artists_detail.asp?G=&gid=423822183&which=&aid=424157172&ViewArtistBy=online&rta=http://www.artnet.com/ag/fulltextsearch.asp?searchstring=Mark+Chamberlain. 
  144. ^ "Gallery told to drop 'gay' Batman". BBC. August 19, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/4167032.stm. 

References

.
  • Beatty, Scott, et al., The Batman Handbook: The Ultimate Training Manual.^ Batman : the Ultimate Guide to the Dark Knight / written by Scott Beatty.
    • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Batman has a history with the Joker, Two-Face, Commissioner Gordon, Catwoman, Ra's al Ghul, the Penguin, et cetera...
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ References Beatty, Scott, et al., The Batman Handbook: The Ultimate Training Manual.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Quirk Books, 2005. ISBN 1-59474-023-2
  • Daniels, Les.^ Quirk Books, 2005.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ ISBN 1-59474-023-2 Daniels, Les.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ ISBN 0-8118-4232-0 Daniels, Les.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Batman: The Complete History.^ Batman : the Complete History / by Les Daniels ; art direction and design by Chip Kidd.
    • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Batman: The Complete History.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Chronicle Books, 1999. ISBN 0-8118-4232-0
  • Daniels, Les.^ (ISBN 0-517-50188-0) ^ Daniels (1999), pg.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ TwoMorrows Publishing ^ "Comic Book Interview Super Special: Batman" Fictioneer Press, 1989 ^ Daniels (1999), pg.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Chronicle Books, 1999.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .DC Comics: Sixty Years of the World's Favorite Comic Book Heroes.^ Previous “Worst of the Year”: The Worst Comic Book Medicine of 2005 The Worst Comic Book Medicine of 2004 .
    • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A good example is what I like to call the “Venom Family Tree.” In it, we see 60+ years of comic book continuity linked by the drug Venom.
    • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A DC comics super-hero Christmas cover!
    • Polite Dissent » Search Results » batman 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

    .Bulfinch, 1995. ISBN 0-821-22076-4
  • Jones, Gerard.^ ISBN 0-821-22076-4 Jones, Gerard.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Men of Tomorrow: Geeks, Gangsters, and the Birth of the Comic Book.^ And I'm also a total geek who cares a little too much about pointlss diversions, such as comic book-translated-films.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ When he was eight this boy had realized from fantasies about comic-book pictures that he was aroused by men.
    • Batman (comic book character) - comicvine.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.comicvine.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Men of Tomorrow: Geeks, Gangsters, and the Birth of the Comic Book.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Basic Books, 1995. ISBN 0-465-03657-0
  • Pearson, Roberta E.; Uricchio, William (editors).^ ISBN 0-465-03657-0 Pearson, Roberta E.; Uricchio, William (editors).
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Pearson, Roberta E.; Uricchio, William.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Basic Books, 1995.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.^ Batman Begins is simply and without question the best live-action superhero movie ever.
    • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Skills, abilities, and resources Unlike many superheroes, Batman has no superpowers and instead relies on "his own scientific knowledge, detective skills, and athletic prowess."
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Routledge: London, 1991. ISBN 0-85170-276-7
  • Wright, Bradford W. Comic Book Nation: The Transformation of Youth Culture in America.^ ISBN 0-85170-276-7 Wright, Bradford W. Comic Book Nation: The Transformation of Youth Culture in America.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Comic Books and America, 1945-1954 / by W. Savage (Norman : University of Oklahoma Press, 1990) Call no.: PN6725.S33 1990 ----------------------------------------------------- Batman--Miscellanea.
    • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Batman. Afrikaans" to "Batman--Miscellanea" 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Wright, Bradford W. Comic Book Nation.
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Johns Hopkins, 2001. ISBN 0-8018-7450-5

External links

.

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Batman is a comic book character from DC Comics that has also been featured in many films and TV shows:
  • Animated revival
    • Batman: The Animated Series (aka The Adventures of Batman and Robin) (1992–1995)
      • Batman: Mask of the Phantasm (1993)
      • Batman and Mr. Freeze: Subzero (1998)
    • The New Batman Adventures (1997–1999)
      • Batman: Mystery of the Batwoman (2003)
    • Batman Beyond (1999–2001)
      • Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker (2000)
    • Justice League (2001–2006)
    • The Batman (2004–2008)
      • The Batman vs. Dracula (2005)
    • Justice League: The New Frontier (2008)
    • Batman: Gotham Knight (2008)
    • Batman: The Brave and the Bold (2008–present)
.This is a disambiguation page; that is, one that points to other pages that might otherwise have the same name.^ The middle Batman, with the huge bat symbol and large pockets, is the same one shown lying dead on the third page.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ Page Twenty-One: One of J.E.B. Stuart's mounts really was named Skylark but this is the first time that his ghostly steed has been named.
  • DC Cosmic Teams! 11 September 2009 8:19 UTC www.mykey3000.com [Source type: General]

^ Dont mix the genres please, one or the other, but not apples and oranges in the same bowl.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

If you followed a link here, you might want to go back and fix that link to point to the appropriate specific page.

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents
.Batman (pronounced as baat-maan, not like the name of the superhero; Kurdish: Iluh) is a city in south-eastern Turkey.^ I never seen a superhero so humanized as Batman was in this movie, everytime it looked like it was about to get cheesy.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The coats of arms of certain cities in eastern Spain, like Valencia, Palma de Mallorca and Fraga have the bat over the shield.
  • 227's YouTube "Zoo!"-Bat! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pete Ross and Superboy are a non-super powered character and a superhero who become best friends, just like Batman and Superman.
  • Batman Comics 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC mikegrost.com [Source type: General]

It is the capital of an important oil producing province.

Understand

.A village of a couple of hundred people in 1950s when petroleum was discovered in the surrounding mountains, Batman has growed ever since, having a population of several hundred thousands today.^ Frankly, I'm surprised there aren't a hundred like him out there-- A thousand people are fed up with terror -- with stupid laws and social cowardice.
  • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

^ The Batman has a reputation for the Batman Gambit (see the name, duh), but since the mid-1990s, his Gambits consistently get hijacked by other people — with disastrous consequences.
  • Batman Gambit - Television Tropes & Idioms 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC tvtropes.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Batman mentions “hundreds”, but it would have to be thousands if WayneTech expected to make any profit, especially since one reporter mentions that “85% of all pacemakers in the tri-state are from WayneTech”.
  • Polite Dissent » Search Results » bruce wayne 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.politedissent.com [Source type: General]

Large numbers of immigrators from surrounding region also contributed to quick urbanization, usually with no respect to building codes. Therefore, most of the city is slums surrounding a plaza by the railway station in the downtown and an oil refenery south of the station.
  • By rail from Istanbul and Ankara via Kurtalan (Güney Express). .It departs three times a week.
  • There is also a regional airport near Batman.
  • Buses are available from various cities across Turkey, especially frequent are the services from surrounding cities such as Diyarbakir and Tatvan (at least one daily).^ After that there will be time to launch a Batman series and I think this might be the one to be launched.
    • Bruce Wayne Pilot (WB property) [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 10 February 2010 12:44 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It didn't help that there are some implementation problems with the machine, including at least one way to teleport into a fake room.
    • Brass Lantern Andrew Krywaniuk IFComp 2004 Reviews 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.brasslantern.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Now, for the first time, all of Neal Adams’s Batman work—covers and stories—is being chronologically collected in three volumes, the first of which debuts in September!

    The bus station (otogar) of the city is located in the northern outskirts, about one to one and a half hour walk away from the city centre/train station.

Buy

There is an ATM (of Halkbank) located on the side of the small square near the train station.
.
  • Hasankeyf on the banks of Tigris River to the south is, unlike Batman, a village full of historical sights and impressive views of nature.^ The storyline "A Death in the Family" suggests that given Batman's grim nature, he is unlikely to have adopted the "bat" prefix on his own.
    • Batman Dark Knight Caricature Art USA Event Gift Entertainment 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.aaacaricatures.com [Source type: General]
    • 227's YouTube Chili!-Batman! 11 September 2009 6:44 UTC www.hoops227.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Enough so that I overlooked Batman's rather cold (yet in-character) view of human nature on this holiest of days.
    • The religion of Batman, Bruce Wayne 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

    About 40 minutes away.
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Wikipedia has articles on:
See also batman

Contents

English

Proper noun

Singular
Batman
Plural
-
Batman
  1. A fictional superhero in comic books (and later animated cartoons and films) who fights crime in Gotham City disguised in a bat-themed costume, sometimes with the assistance of his sidekick Robin; originally the Bat-Man.
  2. A province in Turkey.
  3. The capital city of Batman Province, Turkey.

Translations

See also

Anagrams


Swedish

Proper noun

Batman
  1. Batman; a fictional superhero

Synonyms


Strategy wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki

Batman/Table of Contents
Batman
Box artwork for Batman.
Developer(s) Bernie Drummond, Jon Ritman
Publisher(s) Ocean Software
Release date(s)
Genre(s) Action-adventure
System(s) ZX Spectrum, Amstrad CPC, MSX, Amstrad PCW
Mode(s) Single player
Followed by The Caped Crusader
Series Batman
.This is the first game in the Batman series.^ Gamepro's article on this game makes it seem like the first Batman game to actually spend money on!
  • Lego Batman Walkthrough and Cheats 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First I off, I like how the writers of 'The Batman' tried to to be different from the Animated series that everyone loved.
  • The Batman: The End of the Batman episode on TV.com 19 September 2009 14:42 UTC www.tv.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When the first season of the series aired on weekday afternoons, it lacked an on-screen title but was officially titled Batman: The Animated Series, as evidenced in promotional advertisements for the series.

For other games in the series see the Batman category.
.Batman is a 3D isometric action-adventure game that was released in 1986 under the Batman licence by Ocean Software for the Amstrad CPC, ZX Spectrum and MSX microcomputers.^ Batman has appeared in video games since 1986, but none as ambitious or complex as "Arkham Asylum," which draws much of its inspiration from the character's comic mythology.
  • Buzz building for 'Batman: Arkham Asylum' game - CNN.com 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Yes folks, the caped crusader comes to your Sinclair Spectrum bringing thrills, spills and chills in an action packed arcade adventure program.

^ Main Page Random page New files Action & Adventure MMOs RPGs Shooters More Portals › Top content › Community › Gaming Blog Forums .
  • Batman (1990) - Wikia Gaming - Walkthroughs, games, guides, and more 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC gaming.wikia.com [Source type: General]

An Amstrad PCW version was also available.
Getting Started →
Walkthrough →
.The object of the game is to rescue Robin by collecting the seven parts of the Batcraft hovercraft that are scattered around the Batcave.^ The seven parts of the Batcraft, which he was servicing at the time of the snatch, are scattered all around the Batacombs.

^ Suddenly the superhero remembers - Robin was servicing the Batmobile when he was abducted, and seven vital Batmobile parts are lying hidden in the Batcave.

^ The game ends when Batman's sitting in the reassembled craft ready to rescue Robin and bring the Gotham gangsters who got him to justice.

.The gameplay takes place in a 3D isometric universe, which programmers John Ritman and Bernie Drummond would develop for 1987's Head Over Heels, and is notable for implementing an early example of a system that allows players to restart from an intermediate point in the game on the loss of a life rather than returning all the way to the start (in this case the point at which Batman collects a "Batstone").^ And I guess that after all, I liked it more than Batman Returns and Batman Forever.
  • Batman and Robin 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.fuzzydog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These riddles and collectibles are a great way of extending the life of the game.
  • Review: Batman Arkham Asylum (PS3) | Games Are Evil: 360, PS3, & Wii Console Gaming Magazine 3 February 2010 14:34 UTC gamesareevil.com [Source type: General]

^ Take, for example, the reincarnation pills that allow you to restart the game from the point at which you collected one last - great idea that.

Table of Contents

Batman/Table of Contents

editBatman series

1980s: Batman · Batman: The Caped Crusader · Batman (1989)
1990s: Batman (Arcade) · Batman: Return of the Joker · Batman Returns · Batman: The Animated Series · The Adventures of Batman & Robin · Batman Forever · Batman & Robin
2000s: Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker · Batman: Chaos in Gotham · Batman: Gotham City Racer · Batman Vengeance · Batman: Dark Tomorrow · Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu · Batman Begins · Lego Batman: The Video Game · Batman: Arkham Asylum

Simple English

This article is about a comic book superhero. To read about the city in Turkey, go to Batman (city).

Batman is one of the most well-known superheroes of all time. Batman has been a character in comic books, films, and television shows. There are also a lot of toys made of Batman and other characters in the world where Batman lives.

Comic book

Batman first appeared in 1939 in Detective Comics. 'Batman' is a story about a rich man named Bruce Wayne. As a young child, Bruce saw a robber kill his mother and father after the three of them left a theatre. Bruce decided that he did not want that kind of violence to happen to anyone else, so he dedicated his life to protecting his home, Gotham City. Bruce learned many different ways to fight while he grew up. As an adult, Bruce decided to dress like a giant bat to scare criminals so that there would be less crime in Gotham. Bruce Wayne then became Batman using a costume and a lot of neat tools, and Batman became his superhero identity.

[[File:|thumb|right|Batman's car, the Batmobile]] Batman uses a lot of tools to help fight crime, such as his car which he calls "the batmobile" and a special belt full of tools called a "utility belt" and some neat bat-shaped boomerangs called "batarangs" . Batman also gets help from other people in Gotham, and sometimes these people also put on costumes and become superheroes when they help him. Some of the people who help him are Dick Grayson (who is Batman's sidekick, Robin), Bruce's butler Alfred Pennyworth, police commissioner James Gordon, his daughter Barbara Gordon (who starts to help as Batgirl and later becomes Oracle) and others. Commissioner Gordon uses a spotlight that shines a light into the sky with a shadow in the shape of a bat on it, called Bat signal, to tell Batman that he needs help.

Some of the villains that Batman fights are the Joker, the Penguin, Catwoman, Mr. Freeze, the Riddler, Two-Face, and Clayface. These villains try to hurt the people who live in Gotham or steal things from other people. Sometimes Batman helps other superheroes, and he is good friends with Superman especially. He usually teams up with other superheroes because he joined the Justice League of America, a team of superheroes who protect the entire world together. Some people mistake Batman for a bad guy, like some cops.

Television shows

In the 1960s, a live-action television show was made of Batman and other characters from the comic books, and it may be the most popular Batman show ever made. In Batman, Adam West was the actor who was Batman and Burt Ward was the actor who was Robin. There are also a lot of cartoons with Batman as a character, such as Superfriends, Batman: The Animated Series, Batman Beyond, and Justice League. There are other cartoons and shows where Batman is a character but he is not the most important part of the story, such as "Birds of Prey" (a live-action show that is about Batman's daughter, the Huntress). "Teen Titans" is a cartoon that is based on a comic book about a team of young superheroes with Robin, one of Batman's helpers, as their leader.

Films


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 07, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Batman, which are similar to those in the above article.








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