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Battle of Almenar
Part of the War of the Spanish Succession
Derrota-i-humillacion borbonica-en-almenar-27-7-1710-cataluña.jpg
Date 27 July 1710
Location hills of Almenar, near Balaguer (Catalonia), Spain
Result Allied victory
Belligerents
Spain Kingdom of Spain Habsburg Monarchy Habsburg Austria
United Kingdom Great Britain
 United Provinces
Commanders
Spain Francisco de Villadarias Habsburg Monarchy Guido Starhemberg
United Kingdom Lord Stanhope
Strength
22,000[1] 24,000[1]
Casualties and losses
1,000 dead
3,000 captured
400 dead


The Battle of Almenar took place on 27 July 1710 in the War of the Spanish Succession.

Contents

Prelude

In spring 1710 the Spanish army had entered Catalonia from Aragón crossing the Segre river on March 15. On May 3, Philip V, the Bourbon claimant to the throne, joined the army.

The opposing allied army, consisting of Austrian, British, and Dutch troops, was joined by Archduke Charles of Austria, the Habsburg claimant, in June.

In July General Guido Starhemberg received reinforcements and decided to attack. He crossed the Noguera river taking up positions on the hights of Almenar.

Stanhope then crossed the Segre at Balaguer (north of Lerida) marching to the bridge of Alfarras, crossing it on 27 July.

The battle

Villadarias opened the battle with a cavalry attack which was initially successful, but the initiative was wasted by pursuing groups of fleeing enemies.

Then the British infantry attacked the left wing which fled, taking the second line with it. Then the Austrians attacked and destroyed the right wing, where Philip V risked his life fighting and was almost captured by the allies.

Aftermath

The Spanish troops had to leave Catalonia and withdraw to Aragón, where the Battle of Saragossa took place on August 20.

Villadarias was removed of command and replaced by the Marquis de Bay.

Notes

  1. ^ a b Lynn, p. 339

References

  • Lynn, John A. The Wars of Louis XIV, 1667–1714. Longman, (1999). ISBN 0-582-05629-2

External links

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