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Battle of Bitlis
Битлисское сражение
Ataturk-1916-Bitlis.jpg
Mustafa Kemal at Bitlis.
Date March 2-August 24, 1916
Location Bitlis, Ottoman Empire
Result Inconclusive, while Ottoman Army succeded in taking back Bitlis and Muş
Belligerents
 Russian Empire  Ottoman Empire
Commanders
Nikolai Yudenich Mustafa Kemal
Strength
Russian Caucasus Army Second Army

The Battle of Bitlis (Russian: Битлисское сражение, Turkish: Bitlis Muharebesi) refers to a series of engagements in the summer of 1916 for the city of Bitlis and to a lesser extent nearby Muş, between the Russian Imperial forces and their Ottoman counterparts. Bitlis first fell to the 2nd Caucasian Corps on March 2 just as Kemal's advance guard was arriving in Bitlis. However, Kemal recaptured not only Muş but also Bitlis on August 15 after repulsed Nikolai Yudenich's army, who was walking to Diyarbakır. Turkish counterattack was stopped in Gevash in August 24. This was the first battle that Ottoman Army not only succeed in stopping Russian Army, but also gained some territories back.

During this campaign, Ottoman Army's chief staff Enver Pasha sent one of his trustees İsmet Pasha most probably to control his rival for the Ottoman Army leadership Mustafa Kemal Pasha. However, Ismet was convinced by the military talent of Mustafa Kemal and became more and more loyal to him.

References

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Battle of Bitlis
Битлисское сражение
Date March 2-August 24, 1916
Location Bitlis, Ottoman Empire
Result Inconclusive, while Ottoman Army succeded in taking back Bitlis and Muş
Belligerents
 Russian Empire  Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Nikolai Yudenich

Andranik Ozanian

Mustafa Kemal
Strength
Russian Caucasus Army Second Army

The Battle of Bitlis (Russian: Битлисское сражение, Turkish: Bitlis Muharebesi) refers to a series of engagements in the summer of 1916 for the city of Bitlis and to a lesser extent nearby Muş, between the Russian Imperial forces and their Ottoman counterparts. Bitlis first fell to the 2nd Caucasian Corps on March 2 just as Kemal's advance guard was arriving in Bitlis. However, Kemal recaptured not only Muş but also Bitlis on August 15 after repulsed Nikolai Yudenich's army, who was walking to Diyarbakır. Turkish counterattack was stopped in Gevash in August 24. This was the first battle that Ottoman Army not only succeed in stopping Russian Army, but also gained some territories back.

During this campaign, Ottoman Army's chief staff Enver Pasha sent one of his trustees İsmet Pasha most probably to control his rival for the Ottoman Army leadership Mustafa Kemal Pasha.[citation needed] However, Ismet was convinced by the military talent of Mustafa Kemal and became more and more loyal to him.[citation needed]

References


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