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Battle of Bubiyan
Part of the Persian Gulf War
[[File:|250px]]
An Iraqi naval mine detonates in front of a Coalition ship.
Date 29 January-2 February 1991
Location Persian Gulf
Result Coalition victory
Iraqi Naval Forces Destroyed
Territorial
changes
Persian Gulf firmly in Coalition hands
Belligerents
Template:Country data Iraq Iraqi Navy United States Navy
United Kingdom Navy
Commanders and leaders
Template:Country data Iraq Saddam Hussein
Template:Country data Iraq Ali Hassan al-Majid
Norman Schwarzkopf
Peter de la Billière
Strength
Around 22 Naval Vessels of various types Several Frigates, Cruisers, and Lynx Helicopters.
Casualties and losses
Catastrophic
All but two vessels
Severe Damage to USS Princeton, and the USS Tripoli
12 Casualties

The Battle of Bubiyan was a naval engagement of the Gulf War, that occurred in the waters of the Persian Gulf, where the Iraqi Navy instead of trying to fight the Coalition Navy, attempted to flee to Iran, much like the Iraqi Air Force. As the ships left Iraq, the Coalition cruisers and helicopters spotted them right away and opened fire, the battle was completely one-sided from the start and twenty of the twenty-two ships that attempted to escape were destroyed.[1]

The USS Princeton and USS Tripoli were hit by Iraqi naval mines, twelve sailors were wounded, six seriously.

Also related to the Bubiyan action was the Battle of Khafji, where Saddam Hussein, sent an amphibious assault to Khafji to reinforce the city from the Coalition Attack. This too was spotted by the Coalition Naval forces and subsequently exterminated.[citation needed]

The last action of the Iraqi Navy was to launch a ground-ground Silkworm missile at the USS Missouri, however it was intercepted midflight by a Sea Dart missile from the British destroyer HMS Gloucester and destroyed.

The Iraqi Navy, much like the Air Force, was a reluctant enemy, relying on passive force and defensive weapons such as naval mines. After the Bubiyan action, the Iraqi Navy ceased to exist as a fighting force at all, leaving Iraq with very few ships, all in poor condition.[2]

References

  1. ^ "The Navy in the Gulf War." history.navy.com. Retrieved: 09 September 2010.
  2. ^ Gulf War of 1991. Rosen Publishing. 1996. 


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