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Battle of Hira
Part of Islamic conquest of Persia and
Campaigns of Khalid ibn al-Walid
Date May 633 A.D
Location Al-Hirah, Iraq
Result Rashidun Caliphate victory, dissolution of the Lakhmid Dynasty.[1]
Belligerents
Rashidun Caliphate Persian Empire,
Lakhmids
Commanders
Khalid ibn al-Walid Iyas, [2]
Abd al-Masih
Strength
~10,000-15,000[3][4] Unknown
Casualties and losses
Few Few

Al-Hirah city, widely known for its size and wealth, was a Sassanian dukedom[5] as it was the capital of the Persian province of Iraq. Many of its Lakhmid Christian Arab inhabitants patrolled the desert on behalf of the Sassanians. [1] According to the Roman historian, Procopius, the Lakhmids were "experienced at war, (and) completely loyal to the Persians. [6] During the reign of the Caliphate, Abu Bakr, sent Khalid ibn al-Walid a letter which noted that "The conquest of Al-Hirah and Kufa is entrusted to thee." [7]

In May 633 AD, the Muslim Arabs, under Khalid ibn al-Walid, attacked the fortressed city, whose Lakhmid defenders utilized projectiles against the Muslims. The fight was brief and the citizens of the city quickly surrendered and brought gifts to Khalid ibn al-Walid. [8] In the aftermath, five castles in the city, which were beautifully adorned, fell into the hands of the Muslims and the inhabitants of the city agreed to surrender and pay tribute. The inhabitants also agreed to act as spies against the Sassanians, just as the inhabitants of Ullais had. [9]

References

  1. ^ a b Conflict and Cooperation: Zoroastrian Subalterns and Muslim Elites in Medieval Iranian Society By Jamsheed Kairshasp Choksy, pg. 14
  2. ^ Muhammad's People: An Anthology of Muslim Civilization By Eric Schroeder,pg.160
  3. ^ After the battle of Ullais (15,000 Muslim army) in which around 2000 muslims died the army strength must be ~10,000-15,000 along with reinforcement or possible new recruits from Misna ibn Haris's tribe of Bani Bakr in Iraq.
  4. ^ Sword of Allah: chapter no: 23 by Lieutenant-General Agha Ibrahim Akram Nat. Publishing. House, Rawalpindi (1970) ISBN 978-0-7101-0104-4
  5. ^ The Battles That Changed History By Fletcher Pratt, pg. 80
  6. ^ The History of Iran By Elton L. Daniel, pg. 65
  7. ^ Lives of Mahomet and His Successors By Washington Irving, pg. 177
  8. ^ The Caliphate, Its Rise, Decline, and Fall. From Original Sources By William Muir, pg. 56
  9. ^ Iraq After the Muslim Conquest By Michael G. Morony, pg. 233

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