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Battle of Kars
Part of the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)
Date 17 November 1877
Location Kars, Turkey
Result Russian victory
 Russian Empire  Ottoman Empire
Count Mikhail Loris-Melikoff, Lazarev Ivan Davidovich Hussein Pasha
 ? 24,000
Casualties and losses
2,273 total 2,500 killed
4,500 wounded
17,000 captured
For the 1855 siege during the Crimean War, see Siege of Kars.

The Battle of Kars was a decisive Russian victory over the Ottoman Empire during the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878).

In June, 1877 Russian forces attempted a siege of Kars but were driven off by a Turkish army at the Battle of Kizil-Tepe. In November Russian commander in the Caucasus, Grand Duke Michael, demanded the surrender of Kars but was refused. The Grand Duke sent a force under Loris-Melikoff and Lazarev Ivan Davidovich to take the city by storm. On November 17 Loris-Melikoff attacked and succeeded in capturing the eastern fortifications and cut off the garrison under Hussein Pasha. Hussein attempted to cut his way out but he and only a few others succeeded as much of the Turkish army was taken prisoner. The Treaty of San Stephano officially gave Kars to Russia and remained in Russian possession until the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk during World War I.

See also


  • Compton's Home Library: Battles of the World CD-ROM


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