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Battle of Novi
Part of the French Revolutionary Wars
Battle of Novi.jpg
Alexander Kotzebue. Battle of Novi
Date 15 August 1799
Location Novi Ligure, Piedmont, present-day Italy
Result Decisive Russian victory
Belligerents
France France Russia Russia
Holy Roman Empire Austria
Commanders
Barthélemy Catherine Joubert Alexander Suvorov
Strength
34,930 51,547
Casualties and losses
12,000 killed and wounded,
4,600 prisoners,
37 guns,
28 powder transports
1,300 killed, 4,700 wounded

The Battle of Novi was a battle near Novi Ligure, Italy. It was fought on August 15, 1799 in the French Revolutionary Wars. The Austrians and Russians under Fieldmarshal Alexander Suvorov defeated the French under General Barthelemy Catherine Joubert.

In 1799, Second Coalition forces had defeated French troops in Italy, left by Napoleon during his Egyptian campaign. After the defeat at the Battle of Cassano, French and Cisalpine Italian troops retreated into the Ligurian Republic for a final resistance on the plateau immediately south of the town of Novi, a few miles to the southeast of Marengo.

On 15 August, the Austro-Russian army, led by Suvorov, attacked French positions. In the early moments of the battle, Joubert died, shot in a skirmish line action, but the French resisted the Austrian attack and counter-attacked. The battle is characterized by several coalition attacks, repelled by French forces, until afternoon, when a final blow ordered by Suvorov caused the French to retreat in disorder through the mountains to the Ligurian coast.

References

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