The Full Wiki

More info on Battle of Oldendorf

Battle of Oldendorf: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Battle of Oldendorf

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Battle of Oldendorf
Part of Thirty Years' War
Date 8 July 1633
Location Hessisch-Oldendorf, present-day Germany
Result Swedish victory
Belligerents
 Sweden  Holy Roman Empire
Commanders
George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Dodo zu Innhausen und Knyphausen
Jobst Maximilian von Gronsfeld
John (Johann, Jean) of Merode
Lothar Dietrich Freiherr von Bönninghausen

The Battle of Oldendorf (German: Schlacht bei Hessisch-Oldendorf[1]) on 8 July 1633[2] was a battle of the Thirty Years' War between the Swedish Empire and the Holy Roman Empire near Hessisch-Oldendorf, Lower Saxony, Germany.[3] The result was a decisive victory of the Swedish Army.[1][3]

Contents

Prelude

The Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, William V, as a Protestant ally of Sweden had campaigned in Westfalia, Ruhr area and Sauerland and successfully reduced imperial presence there.[1] The imperial defense of the Weser area in 1633 was led by Jobst Maximilian von Gronsfeld.[4]

The battle was preceded by a Swedish siege of the nearby imperial-held town of Hameln, laid in March 1633 with support of Hessian and Lüneburgian troops.[5]

Battle

On 8 July, the Swedish army commanded by George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg[3][6] and Marshal Dodo zu Innhausen und Knyphausen[3][6] faced an imperial relief army commanded by Field Marshal Jobst Maximilian von Gronsfeld,[3][6] Count John (Johann, Jean) of Merode[3][6] and Lothar Dietrich Freiherr von Bönninghausen.[6] Merode commanded 4,450 infantry and 1,245 cavalry, Bonninghausen 4,475 infantry and 2,060 cavalry, Gronsfeld 2,000 infantry and 600 cavalry.[6] The armies met near Hessisch-Oldendorf, northwest of besieged Hameln.[3]

Both armies attacked, a rare event in the Thirty Year's War which besides Oldendorf only occurred in the Second Battle of Breitenfeld.[nb 1][7] The left wing of the Swedish forces was commanded by the general of Hesse-Kassel and later imperial field marshal Count Peter Eppelmann Melander von Holzapfel.[8] Later field marshal Torsten Stalhansk led a Swedish brigade.[9] Later field marshal Gottfried von Geelen participated in the battle on the imperial side.[10]

Gronsfeld was captured[3] after his wing was routed by Melander,[11] leaving over 7,000 dead.[12]

Aftermath

The Swedish victory in Oldendorf and the subsequent victory in the Battle of Pfaffenhofen on 11 August balanced the Swedish defeat in the Battle of Steinau on 10 October; overall, Swedish and Imperial forces were "on even terms" in 1633.[13] This only changed in the following year: While the Swedish forces won the Battle of Liegnitz on 8 May and the Battle of Landshut on 22 July,[13] their defeat in the Battle of Nördlingen on 6 September 1634 brought about a change in the balance of power.[14]

Melander, Swedish commander at Oldendorf, intrigued with the Holy Roman Emperor in 1635 to merge Hesse-Kassel's forces into the imperial army and have Hesse-Kassel sign the Peace of Prague.[4] These plans failed, and personal quarrels led him to quit service to re-enter it as the Imperial commander of Westphalia in 1645.[4] The Peace of Prague reconciled many Protestant states with the Holy Roman Emperor, most notably the Electorate of Saxony.[14] As a consequence, Sweden's and Hesse-Kassel's forces stood alone against a growing anti-Swedish, pro-Habsburg coalition in 1635 - a disequilibrium eventually stirring France's intervention in the Thirty Years' War.[14]

In 1647, Hessisch-Oldendorf became the winter quarters of the Swedish army commanded by Carl Gustaf Wrangel retreating from Bohemia, followed by then imperial commander Melander who took quarter in Hesse.[15]

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ Usually, one of the armies (the less numerous one) would take on a defensive position, while the other army (the more numerous one) would attack if its leader, having evaluated the defense of the opponent, found an attack promising. Guthrie (2003), p.121.

Sources

Advertisements

References

  1. ^ a b c Schattkowsky (2003), p.241
  2. ^ Guthrie (2003), p.28
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Jaques (2007), p.448
  4. ^ a b c Guthrie (2003), p.238
  5. ^ Bedürftig (2006), p.73
  6. ^ a b c d e f Guthrie (2002), p.252
  7. ^ Guthrie (2003), p.121
  8. ^ Guthrie (2003), pp.237-238
  9. ^ Guthrie (2003), pp.46-47
  10. ^ Guthrie (2003), p.201
  11. ^ Guthrie (2003), pp.238-239
  12. ^ Burschel (1994), p.272
  13. ^ a b Guthrie (2003), p.28
  14. ^ a b c Guthrie (2003), p.29
  15. ^ Guthrie (2003), p.234

Bibliography


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message