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Battle of Phillora: Wikis

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Battle of Phillora
Part of Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Date September 7 – September 11, 1965
Location Phillora near Sialkot (Punjab, Pakistan)
Result Tactical Indian victory
Belligerents
Flag of India.svg
India
Flag of Pakistan.svg
Pakistan
Commanders
Ardeshir Tarapore Unknown
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown
66 tanks destroyed (Indian claim)[1]

The Battle of Phillora was one of the largest tank battles fought during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. It was the first major engagement between the two nations in the Sialkot sector and coincided with the Battle of Asal Uttar.

Battle

The battle started on 10 September, when Indian troops launched a massive attack at the Phillora sector. Its 1st Armoured Division was on the offensive in that area. Equipped with four armoured regiments, this division faced stiff opposition from the Pakistani 6th Armoured Division. The initial Indian drives were pushed back towards Gadgor for a loss of 15 tanks.[2] Pakistani air attacks did little damage to the tank columns and more to lorry and infantry columns. For the next two days intense fighting continued and the outnumbered Pakistani troops made a tactical retreat towards Chawinda. At this point India claimed to destroyed 67 Pakistani tanks. However, military historian Steve Zaloga regarded the Indian claim as "ludicrous".[3]

Conclusion

On September 12, 1965, the tank battle at Phillora ended in an important tactical victory for the Indian Army with the Pakistani forces retreating and regrouping to put up a last stand at Chawinda.[4][1] A day before, the Indian Army had experienced another victory at Asal Uttar when they successfully thwarted Pakistani offensive in the Khem Karan sector. The continued thrust by the Indian Army into Pakistani territory finally culminated in the Battle of Chawinda, where Indian army was decisively defeated and all Indian offensives ceased on that front by 22 September.[5][6]

References

  1. ^ a b Wilson, Peter. Wars, proxy-wars and terrorism: post independent India. Mittal Publications, 2003. ISBN 8170998905, 9788170998907.  
  2. ^ Zaloga, Steve (1999) The M47 and M48 Patton tanks ISBN 1855328259 pg.34.
  3. ^ Zaloga, Steve (1999) The M47 and M48 Patton tanks ISBN 1855328259 pg.35.
  4. ^ Zaloga, Steve (1999) The M47 and M48 Patton tanks ISBN 1855328259 pg.35.
  5. ^ Barua, Pradeep (2005) The state at war in South Asia ISBN 0803213441 pg.192.
  6. ^ Pradhan, R.D.. 1965 war, the inside story. Atlantic Publishers & Distributors, 2007. ISBN 8126907622, 9788126907625.  

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