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The Battle of Warrington Bridge was a skirmish fought on 13 August 1651 between the invading Royalist Scottish army of Charles II and Parliamentary forces under the command of Major-General John Lambert.[1]

Lambert returned to England from Scotland with a cavalry corps that had accompanied Oliver Cromwell when he invaded Scotland. His orders were to harass the Royalist army. Major-Gerneral Thomas Harrison had been left in command of Parliamentary forces in England. Harrison and Lambert's forces rendezvoused near Warrington.[2]

The united forces of Harrison and Lambert, reinforced by some 3,000 militia from Staffordshire and Cheshire, amounting to some 3,000 foot and 9,000 horse took up position at the Bridge at Warrington, over the Mersey, where it divides the Counties of Lancashire and Cheshire and prepared to resist the its passage by the Scots. On reaching the bridge the Scots at once attacked, and a sharp fight ensued between their advance guard and Harrison's troops. When Lambert found the Scots were in considerable force he fell back, his retreat being quickened by pressure from the Scots' attack. Lambert, rapid retreat enabled the Royalists to claim they had forced the bridge and won a victory.[3]

References

  1. ^ Broxap, Ernest. The Great Civil War in Lancashire, 1642-1651, Manchester University Press ND, 1973 ISBN 0719005396, 9780719005398 p. 184
  2. ^ This article incorporates text from the article "GREAT REBELLION" in the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
  3. ^ Willis-Bund, John William. The Civil War In Worcestershire, 1642-1646 And The Scotch Invasion of 1651,Simkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent and Co:London, 1905. p. 220

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