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Batu Pahat
بندر ڤڠڬارام
峇株巴辖 (Chinese)

Seal
Nickname(s): "Bandar Penggaram", "Salt Maker City" or "BP"
Batu Pahat is located in Malaysia
Batu Pahat
Coordinates: 1°51′00″N 102°56′00″E / 1.85°N 102.9333333°E / 1.85; 102.9333333
Country Malaysia
State Johor
District Batu Pahat
Establishment c.1894
Government
 - District Officer Norizan Kulop
Elevation 21.95 m (72 ft)
Population (2009)
 - Total 538,880 (13th)
Time zone MST (UTC+8)
 - Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC)
Website http://www.mpbp.gov.my
As in many cities or towns in Malaysia, the parking system in Batu Pahat uses coupons (Zone A in Johor). Parking time can be bought from agents who have been given authority to sell by the Batu Pahat local authority, MPBP. 1 hour=RM0.60; 1/2 hour=RM0.40
Hilly View of Batu Pahat City
Night View of Batu Pahat City
Sungai Batu Pahat

Batu Pahat (also known as Bandar Penggaram or BP; Jawi: بندر ڤڠڬارام, Chinese: 峇株巴辖) is a city located on the west coast of the state of Johor, Malaysia within a district of the same name. It lies south-east of Muar, south-west of Kluang, north-west of Pontian and south of Segamat. As of 2009, Batu Pahat is the 13th largest city in Malaysia in terms of population. In 2006, Batu Pahat city surpassed Muar town to become the second largest city in Johor state.

Contents

History and etymology

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Etymology and legends

The name Batu Pahat means "chiseled rock" in Malay. The origin of this name can be traced back to a legend in the 15th century; when the invading Siamese troops were chiselling rocks at a rocky spot in the coastal village of Kampung Minyak Beku, in hope of getting fresh water during their retreat. They were being chased by the Melaka troops, being led by Tun Perak, the famous Bendahara (Prime Minister) of the Malacca Empire. In fact, in around 1456, the Siamese army was led by Admiral Awi Di Chu camped in Batu Pahat before attacking Malacca.

Another story goes like this - after capturing Melaka, the Portuguese built a fortress - "A Famosa" of granite rocks taken from the mouth of Sungei Batu Pahat. The town acquired its name, which means "chiselled stone" from the quarries near the estuary. Renowned for its salted fish in the past, Batu Pahat was formerly known as Bandar Penggaram, which means town of salt-makers. In 1893, the present township was founded by Dato Bentara Luar, Mohamed Salleh bin Perang, acting on the orders of the Sultan of Johor, Sultan Abu Bakar.

Today, the ancient well can still be found in Minyak Beku, though little was done to maintain this ancient landmark which gives its name to the town. For the town's centennial celebration in the early 90's, a quaint monument depicting a 'floating hand chiselling a rock' was set up in the town square. It became the landmark of the town instantaneously. Currently, the newly refurbished town square is popular with locals to chill out on weekend nights and also provides a venue for many public festive celebrations.

Batu Pahat is also the home of Puteri Gunung Banang which is a family member of the traditional fable Puteri Gunung Ledang [5]. The first Malay dragon dance (Chinese culture) troop in Malaya was formed by Dato' Bentara Luar Mohd. Salleh Perang in Batu Pahat, only to have its final public performance in 1955, when cultural exchange gave way to racial politics. [6]

Batu Pahat landmark, stone symbolises Batu and hammer symbolises Pahat

Recent history

The place of the Parit Sulong Massacre (The Bridge of Pekan Parit Sulong) was situated in this district. It is located in Mukim Simpang Kiri at Pekan Parit Sulong. The original bridge has now been demolished and it was replaced by a new bridge; the plaque of the massacre exists until today. There used to be a Batu Pahat Bank. However, in 1963 OCBC created Pacific Bank to acquire 97% of Batu Pahat Bank. Singaporean businessmen incorporated the OCBC bank in 1919 to serve the needs of the local Chinese community, which comprise the majority of the town's population. At the time Batu Pahat in Johore was a center for the production of rubber. OCBC bought the bank in anticipation of the union between Malaya and Singapore [7]. Until the 80's, both OCBC and Pacific banks were still located face to face at the junction of Jalan Soga and Jalan Rahmat. On the 1 January 2001, Pacific Bank Berhad merged with MayBank Berhad and PhileoAllied Bank Berhad, after a Malaysian Government directive. On the 16 October 1980, Batu Pahat police killed eight members of a sword-wielding mob led by a Cambodian refugee-cum-cult leader, Ahmad Nasir Ismail, who claimed to be Imam Mahadi, a sort of messiah. They had stormed the police headquarters in Batu Pahat, injuring 14 policemen and 9 civilians. The self-styled Mahadi was among those killed. Batu Pahat celebrated its 100th year of foundation in 1994. The delayed celebration was held in the city area with street cultural performances at night and ended with a fireworks display near the Dataran (city square).

The outskirts of Batu Pahat were severely affected by the Typhoon Utor-associated floods not only once, but twice in a span of a month from December 2006 to January 2007 (2006-2007 Malaysian floods). Affected areas include Senggarang, Sr Gading, Parit Yanni, Parit Ahmad and Parit Besar.

Geography

Batu Pahat is situated at 1°51′N, 102°56′E in the state of Johor in southern Peninsular Malaysia. It is located 239 km from Kuala Lumpur. The closest town to Batu Pahat is Muar, which is located 50 km to the northwest of this city. The town of Kluang is located about 52 km to the southeast. Johor Bahru, the capital of Johor, is located about 130 km to the south east of the town.

The district itself borders the district of Segamat to the north, Kluang to the east, Muar to the west and shares a border in the southeast with the district of Pontian. The coast of the Straits of Melaka lies to the south.

Subdivisions and administration

The district (daerah) is further divided into subdistricts (mukim. The subdistricts are designated with a number (Mukim 1 till 12,17 and 18):

1. Lubok (Mukim I)

2. Bagan (Mukim II)

3. Peserai (Mukim III)

4. Simpang Kiri (Mukim IV)

5. Simpang Kanan (Mukim V)

6. Linau (Mukim VI)

7. Tanjung Semberong (Mukim VII)

8. Sri Gading 四加亭(Mukim VIII)

9. Minyak Beku (Mukim IX)

10. Kampung Bahru (Mukim X)

11. Sungai Punggor (Mukim XI)

12. Sungai Kluang (Mukim XII)

13. Chaah Bahru (Mukim XVII)

14. Sri Medan (Mukim XVIII)

Batu Pahat is administered by the Majlis Perbandaran Batu Pahat, MPBP 峇株巴辖市议会 or Batu Pahat Municipal Council which was upgraded from the previous (Majlis Daerah Batu Pahat Barat,MDBPB) or West Batu Pahat District Council.

Batu Pahat district has 525 gazetted villages (kampung-kampung) and village-clusters (kampung rangkaian) where smaller villages were annexed to their bigger immediate neighbours for the purpose of administration. The villages are represented by their Ketua-Ketua Kampung (village heads), who answer to the Penghulu (subdistrict chief) administering the Mukim. The Mukim itself however is under the jurisdiction of the Pegawai Daerah or District Officer. The district office of Batu Pahat also has five district engineers (Jurutera Daerah) to oversee all the subdistricts.

Growth in small and medium industries such as textiles, garments and electronics helped to boost development, and Batu Pahat was upgraded to town status (Majlis Perbandaran) in 2001, alongside Muar, Kluang and Skudai.

As of 2008, the government does not have any plans to upgrade Batu Pahat to a city status (Majlis Bandaraya) yet, although the development of Batu Pahat has surpassed Alor Star and Kuala Terengganu, which have both already achieved city status.

Demographics

The city of Batu Pahat has a population of more than 300,000 local residents. There are more than 100,000 households with 468,058 population in this district. The most populated mukim is Simpang Kanan with more than 250,000 people and the least populated is Bagan with a population of only 4,692.

Overall district-wide population distribution based on gender are almost equal with a male population of 169,087 and female population of 166,281. [4]

Batu Pahat city is made up of 37.08% Bumiputeras (mainly Malays), 60.29% Chinese, and 2.54% Indians and other less numerous races.

Batu Pahat Chinese people usually use Mandarin as their main communication language due to the influence by Singapore Broadcast Television, Mediacorp 新传媒. For dialect speaking, most of Batu Pahat people are speaking Southern Malaysia and Singapore Hokkien but differently from the Penang Hokkien.

Insight Bandar Penggaram (Batu Pahat City)

Layout of Batu Pahat City

North zone in Batu Pahat city:

  • Taman Peserai
  • Peserai
  • Kampung Muhibbah
  • Simpang Lima
  • Parit Besar (Bagan) 峇眼
  • Semerah

South zone in Batu Pahat city:

  • Taman Kemajuan
  • Taman Mewah 美华花园
  • Taman Kenanangan
  • Taman Bahagia
  • Taman Bukit Mutiara 伏龙山庄
  • Taman Bukit Mutiara 2 伏龙山庄二
  • Taman Flora Height 梅花高原
  • Taman Bandar
  • Taman Bukit Banang
  • Ayam Suloh
  • Senggarang
  • Rengit

Center Zone in Batu Pahat city:

Overall View of Batu Pahat City (Center Zone)
  • Taman Pegawai
  • Kampung Merdeka 周来村 (in Hokkien:Jiu1 Lai1)
  • Taman Limpoon 林份花园
  • Taman Dato Abdul Rahman
  • Taman Batu Pahat 峇株巴辖花园
  • Taman Sejahtera
  • Taman Damai
  • Taman Damai 2
  • Taman Emas
  • Taman Emas 2 万豪苑
  • Taman Bukit Perdana 龙华山庄
  • Taman Bukit Perdana 2 龙华山庄二
  • Taman Perdana 红山
  • Taman Inang
  • Batu Pahat city centre 峇株巴辖市中心

East Zone in Batu Pahat city:

Overall View of Batu Pahat City (East Zone)
  • Taman Banang
  • Taman Bukit Pasir
  • Taman Setia Jaya 金宝花园
  • Taman Setia Jaya 2 金宝二镇
  • Taman Maju 进步花园
  • Taman Tasek
  • Taman Puteri
  • Taman Puteri Indah
  • Taman Flora Utama 富贵城
  • Taman Koperasi Bahagia 幸福合作社
  • Taman Flora 梅花岭
  • Parit Besar 大巴力 (in Hokkien:Du-a3 Ba1 Lik4)
  • Taman Pelangi
  • Taman Berlian 健家园
  • Taman Gembira
  • Kampung Istana 三春村 (in Hokkien:Sam1 Chun1)
  • Hill View Apartment 翠林轩
  • Taman Budaya
  • Taman Sentosa 圣陶沙花园
  • Pura Kencana,Sri Gading
  • Sri Gading 四加亭
  • Bandar Universiti,Parit Raja
  • Universiti Tun Hussien Onn Malaysia,UTHM
  • Parit Raja

West Zone in Batu Pahat city:

Lover Bridge Segenting (情人桥)
  • Taman Banang Ria
  • Banang Height
  • Taman Ampang Jaya
  • Taman Ampuan 安邦花园
  • Taman Joseph
  • Taman Sri Pantai 金宝苑
  • Taman Pantai 班底花园
  • Taman Pantai Baru 新班底花园
  • Taman Masjid Tanah
  • Taman Dagang
  • Taman Zamrud
  • Taman Soga 苏雅花园
  • Taman Soga 2
  • Kampung Satey
  • Kampung Petani
  • Sungai Suloh
  • Segenting(石文丁)
  • Pantai Minyak Beku
  • Perigi Batu Pahat

Roads

In the older part of the city, Jalan Penggaram is a street specializing in garment trading and goldsmiths. These are old but still functional and well-maintained shop houses that remind Batu Pahat of its colonial past. Local Chinese prefer to call it "Hakka Street", probably due to the dominant Hakka population managing the garment stores. "Japan Street" is Jalan Ismail also located at the older part of the city.

View of upper part of Jalan Rahmat,just from roundabout-"Simpang Rantai",traffic jam always occurs in upper part and center part of Jalan Rahmat especially peak hour and any celebration at Dataran Penggaram
View of center part of Jalan Rahmat
BP Walk landmark
  • Jalan Rahmat [大马路]

- Batu Pahat's first main road, mainly finances and banks road. Normally quite busy from 10 am until 4 pm, during banking hours. Banks and finances located along the road are 2 Maybank, 2 CIMB Bank, Am Bank, HSBC Bank, Bank Islam, Am Bank Insurance and Great Eastern Insurance which is five floors of office. A post office is also located along the road. "BP Walk" is also situated along the road.

  • Jalan Sultanah [二马路]

- Batu Pahat's second main road. Hong Leong bank and OSK Investment office are also located along the road.

View of Jalan Sultanah
  • Jalan Fatimah

- Carnival hotel located along the road.

Carnival hotel
  • Jalan Ismail [日本街]

- Road formerly occupied by Japanese during World War II.

  • Jalan Jenang
View of Jalan Jenang
  • Jalan Idris [打铁街]

- Road formerly mainly on iron and steel business.

  • Jalan Penggaram [布店街]

- Road mainly for selling clothes. Also named "Hakka Street" because of the road's dominant Hakka population managing the garment stores, especially clothing shops.

  • Jalan Soga
  • Jalan Rugayah

- The Store supermarket, Farson supermarket, Bank Simpanan Nasional, Toyota Car Service Centre and Pelican Hotel are located along the road.

  • Jalan Ibrahim

- The everyday Pasar pagi is along the upper part of the road, where the local authority government, MPBP, had made a roof along this upper part of the road.

Pasar pagi Batu Pahat
  • Jalan Engan
  • Jalan Pasar

- Batu Pahat main and historical wet market located here.

  • Jalan Syahbandar [海墘街]
View of Jalan Syahbandar
  • Jalan Temenggung
  • Jalan Abu Bakar

- 15 floor bus station located at this road.

Outlook of Bus Station Batu Pahat
Part of Jalan Abu Bakar; far away one can see a tall building, Menara MPBP, where Batu Pahat bus station is located.
  • Jalan Peng Kai [贪吃街]

- Road with sales of all of Batu Pahat's local famous food.

Entrain of Jalan Pengkai
  • Jalan Mohd Akil
View of Jalan Mohd Akil
  • Jalan Mohd Salleh
  • J17
    Jkr-ft--.pngJalan Ampuan

- The trunk road from the city centre to Taman Soga, Taman Dagang, Taman Soga 2, Taman Pantai, Taman Pantai Baru, Taman Ampuan, Taman Joseph, Taman Sri Pantai, Taman Ampang Jaya, Taman Banang Height, Taman Banang Ria, Jabatan Kastam, Minyak Beku and Perigi Batu Pahat.

  • Jalan Masjid
  • Jalan Puteri
  • Jalan Mohd Khalid

- Where SJK(C) Ai Chun (1)&(2) and old Bomba are situated.

  • Jalan Zaharah

- The main road to SMK Tinggi Batu Pahat (High School Batu Pahat, HSBP), Hospital Batu Pahat, Pejabat Pendidikan Daerah Batu Pahat (PPD) and Taman Soga.

  • Jalan Pejabat

- Many of Batu Pahat's government offices are located here, for example Pejabat Majlis Perbandaran Batu Pahat, JKR Batu Pahat, Majistret Court, and others.

New style of signboard in Batu Pahat
  • Jalan Zabedah

- Batu Pahat's most famous hotel, Katerinal hotel, Crystal Inn hotel, and Noval hotel, and Batu Pahat's most famous and largest restaurant, Sea View Restaurant all are located along the road. The peak hour of the road is between 9 pm until 11 pm everyday and 11 am until 11 pm every weekend, because the road is nearby The Summit and Sea View Restaurant.

  • Jkr-ft5.png Jalan Bakau Condong

- The Summit is located here, main trunk road from Jalan Peserai (to Muar) to the T-junction at Jalan Kluang.

  • J13
    Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Bukit Pasir

- Taman Bukit Pasir township is located here, main trunk road from city centre to Tongkang Pecah and Yong Peng, also mainly industrial area in Tongkang Pecah. Wet World Batu Pahat is also located at Bukit Pasir, place that quite a lot of tourists like to visit.

Wet World Batu Pahat
  • Jkr-ft50.png Jalan Kluang

- Batu Pahat Mall is located here, main trunk road from city centre round-about to Maktab Perguruan Hussein Onn, Jambatan Pengangkutan Jalanraya (JPJ) Sri Gading, new township Pura Kencana, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn (UTHM), Parit Raja, Ayer Hitam, PLUS toll, Kluang and even Mersing. Many factories and Batu Pahat Mall are situated along the road, so the road is always facing a traffic jam problem, especially the part from Masjid Jamek to Kampung Istana.

Simpang Rantai Batu Pahat (Roundabout Batu Pahat)
Part of Jalan Kluang at night
  • Jkr-ft5.png Jalan Tanjung Labuh

- Main trunk road from city centre to Taman Banang, Banang Club Golf, Senggarang, Rengit and even Pontian Kecil. Batu Pahat's most famous primary school, SJK(C) Cheng Siu (1)&(2) is also located along the road. The peak hours of the road are usually every weekday because three primary schools and one private secondary school are located along the road.

  • Jalan Tan Swee Hoe [陈瑞和路]

- Main trunk road between Jalan Bukit Pasir and Jalan Kluang, which forms an H-shape. A lot of residential area and a new township, Taman Flora Utama and Taman Setia Jaya 2 are located along the way. Carrefour Hypermarket, McDonald Drive Thru, Square One Shopping Mall, Taman Setia Jaya 2 and Taman Flora Utama all located along the way. Convent Girl's primary and secondary school also situated along this road. So,the peak hour of the road is 6.30 am to 8 am and 8 pm to 10 pm every weekday, and 10 am to 10 pm every weekend and public holiday.

Batu Pahat food

Local attractions

The Batu Pahat city square (Dataran Penggaram) was renovated in the 1990s on the occasion of the city's centennial celebration. Sitting right in the middle of the square is the landmark, which depicts a floating hand chiselling a rock, is popular among locals to chill out at night. Common activities in the square such as children playing with balloons, remote-control cars and kite-flying can be seen during weekend nights. Surrounding the square are some old government offices. A recreational lake, named Tasik Y, is a favourite place for morning walk and exercise for the townfolks. There is also BP Walk, located at Jalan Rahmat, which is also a famous place for townfolks. Chinese food paradises are also in Batu Pahat town, for example in Jalan Pengkai (in Mandarin:贪吃街), and Jalan Shahbandar (in Hokien:海墘街). The popular food in Batu Pahat are fried oyster 蚝煎, fish ball noodles 鱼圆面, pork meat noodles 肉碎面, wan tan noodles 云吞面, ngo hiang(in Mandarin:五香), pork meat Satey and so on.

Batu Pahat is famous for its local delicacies and textile industry. Once regarded as the 'Little Paris' of Malaysia, Batu Pahat was famed for its 'red-light town' reputation in the 1960s - 1970's. However, there are only one or two bars of such kind left in town now, like Tiong Ah Bar, the oldest bar in town.

Shopping

Batu Pahat city is one shopping paradise which offers more value for your money, compared to other cities in Malaysia due to its lower cost of living.

- A shopping complex, established in 1996, is popular among townfolks and also attracting Singaporean tourists for a stop-over shopping day tour on the weekends. Batu Pahat city's 1st cinema company, GSC cinema is operated inside the shopping mall. Now the management of The Summit plans to build a 10 storey new wing for this shopping mall to compete with others' new shopping mall, a business they set up rapidly during these two years.

Wantan Noodle of Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
The Summit Batu Pahat, low cost shopping paradise of Batu Pahat

- In September 2006, the French retail giant Carrefour invested a total of RM90 million to set up its latest chain of hypermarkets in Taman Flora Utama. This is the second Carrefour to be built in Johore, and the tenth in Malaysia.

Carrefour Batu Pahat, which is located in Taman Flora Utama,1 day before opening
Carrefour Batu Pahat, which is located in Taman Flora Utama
Inside Carrefour Batu Pahat
  • Square One Shopping Mall

- The Taman Flora Utama township grown rapidly and a new shopping mall, Square One, is just beside Carrefour and was opened in December 2008. Batu Pahat city's 3rd cinema company, 2nd Cineplexes (biggest in Batu Pahat), MBO Cineplexes will operate inside the shopping mall. There are eight theaters in the Cineplexes!

Outlook of Square One Mall
MBO Cineplexes, the largest cinemaplex in Batu Pahat city

- Inside Square One Shopping Mall.

  • One Stop

- Located at Jalan Rahmat, Jalan Jenang and Taman Bukit Pasir.

  • McDonald Drive Thru

- Batu Pahat's first McDonald Drive Thru Restaurant was opened on 1 December 2008.

Batu Pahat McDonald Drive Thru, near Carrefour Batu Pahat at night
Batu Pahat McDonald Drive Thru, near Carrefour Batu Pahat at night during day time

- In January 2007, Batu Pahat Mall, a new hypermarket retail development, opened along the now burgeoning Jalan Kluang. This raised the profile of the surrounding area from a once squalid area of workshops, textile and apparel manufacturing to that of a commercial and retail area 4 km away from the city centre. Batu Pahat city's second cinema company, and first Cineplexes, Big Box Cineplexes is operated inside the shopping mall since December 2008. There are seven theaters in the Cineplexes!

Batu Pahat Mall, a famous high cost and branded goods paradise
A bridge outside Batu Pahat Mall which welcomes people to Batu Pahat city
Big Cineplexes, the second largest Cineplexes in Batu Pahat city
  • The Store Supermarket 环球百货购物中心

- Located at Jalan Rugayah and in The Summit.

  • Pacific Hypermarket 太平洋霸级市场

- Located in Batu Pahat Mall.

  • Farson Supermarket 发盛百货购物中心

- Located at Jalan Rugayah.

  • Aeon Flora City, Jusco (proposed)

[1] [2]

Hotels and Accommodations

  • Rumah Persinggahan (Rest House)
  • Garden Hotel
  • Katerinal Hotel
  • Nova Hotel
  • Crystal Inn Hotel
  • Canival Hotel

Golf Courses in/near Batu Pahat

  • Kelab Golf Batu Pahat
  • Bukit Banang Golf & Country Club
  • Pura Kencana

Local Batu Pahat Food

Chinese

  • fried oyster (蠔煎 háo jiān), oysters fried with a special flour-and-egg mixture. Also known in Hokkien as oh/ah luak/luah.
  • fish ball noodles 鱼圆面
  • pork meat noodles 肉碎面
  • ngo hiang,五香 a food composed of combining various vegetables, seafood and/or meats and commonly served in other dishes such as Rojak or added as a side dish to a Cze Cha meal
  • pork meat Satey
  • Char kway teow (炒粿条 chǎo guǒ tiáo), thick, flat rice flour (kuay teow) noodles stir-fried in dark soy sauce with prawns, eggs, beansprouts, fish cake, cockles, green leafy vegetables, Chinese sausage and some lard. Batu Pahat taste of Char kway teow is quite different with Penang taste of Char kway teow.
  • Laksa Johor
  • Mi Hun Ker 面粉粿
  • Fried Ho Fan, Fried Mee or Fried Yi Mee all named as 'zhu chao' (煮炒)
  • Yong Peng Hock Jiu Mee (永平福州面)
  • Chai tow kway, or Carrot Cake (菜头粿 cài tóu guǒ), diced and stir-fried radish with an egg mixture.
  • Char siew rice (叉烧饭 chā shāo fàn) dish of rice served with barbecued pork in a thick sauce.
  • Chee cheong fun (猪肠粉 zhū cháng fěn) – a thick, flat sheet of steamed-rice flour which is made into rolls, sometimes with a pork, chicken or vegetable filling. It is served with a sweet soy bean sauce.
  • Chwee kway or zhui kueh (水粿 shuǐ guǒ), steamed rice cake topped with preserved radish; usually eaten for breakfast.
  • Claypot chicken rice (砂煲鸡饭 shā bāo jī fàn), rice cooked with soy sauce in a claypot, then topped with braised chicken and Chinese sausage.
  • Duck rice (鸭饭 yā fàn), braised duck with rice cooked with yam and shrimps (卤鸭饭 lǔ yā fàn) or it can simply be served with plain white rice, served with a thick dark sauce. Side dishes of braised hard-boiled eggs, preserved salted vegetables, or hard beancurd (tau kua) may be added. Teochew Boneless Duck rice, the same dish but refined since decades ago. Due to the slightly tougher texture of duck, the duck is artfully deboned and sliced thinly for the convenience and ease of the diner, allowing the sauces to seep into the meat, making it a more pleasant experience on the whole. Hainanese chicken rice and other similar dishes have followed this style due to the popularity.
  • Fish head bee hoon (鱼头米粉 yú tóu mǐ fěn), a kind of noodle soup in which the main ingredients are rice vermicelli and fried fish head (separated into chunks). This dish is notable for the creamy, rich soup, which is typically made using a mixture of fish stock and milk – the latter being an uncommon ingredient in Chinese cuisine. A variant using ordinary fish meat also exists.
  • Fried rice (炒饭 chǎo fàn) or in Hokkien char png.
  • Hainanese chicken rice (海南鸡饭 hǎi nán jī fàn), steamed chicken served with rice cooked in chicken stock.Normally eaten with chili sauce, dark soy sauce, and ginger paste.
  • Hae mee (虾面 xiā miàn), yellow egg noodles in a rich broth made from prawn and pork rib stock, topped with whole or sliced fresh boiled prawns.
  • Singapore Hokkien mee (新加坡福建炒虾面 fú jiàn chǎo xiā miàn), rice vermicelli and yellow noodles fried with shrimp, sliced cuttlefish and lard bits.
  • Penang Hokkien mee (槟城福建炒虾面)
  • Hum chim peng (咸煎饼 xián jiān bǐng), a Chinese bun-like pastry sometimes filled with bean paste.
  • Kaya toast, a traditional breakfast dish. Kaya is a sweet coconut and egg jam, and this is spread over toasted bread. Combined with a cup of local coffee and a half-boiled egg, this makes a typical Singaporean and Malaysian breakfast and high tea. Mostly available in Batu Pahat's Kopi Tiam.
  • Kuay chap (粿汁 guǒ zhī), Teochew dish of flat, broad rice sheets in a soup made with dark soy sauce, served with pig offal, braised duck meat, various kinds of beancurd, preserved salted vegetables, and braised hard-boiled eggs.
  • Penang Lor mee (槟城卤面 lǔ miàn), a Hokkien noodle dish served in a viscous, dark soy sauce-based broth with meat roll slices, fishcake and beansprouts.
  • Mee suan (面线 miàn xiàn), not a dish but a type of thin, wheat vermicelli. Usually found in fishball noodles, or served with pork meat or kidney or chicken meat.
  • Pau (baozi), steamed bun with wide assortment of fillings such as char siew, minced pork, red bean paste, lotus paste or vegetables
  • Pig's organ soup (猪杂汤 zhū zá tāng; literally "pig spare parts" soup), a soup-based variant of kway chap.
  • Popiah (薄饼 báo bǐng), Hokkien/Chaozhou-style spring roll or rolled crepe, stuffed with stewed turnip, Chinese sausage, shrimps and lettuce.
  • Chinese Rojak, a vegetable salad with a topping of dark prawn paste. It is different from Indian rojak.
  • Soon kway (笋粿 sǔn guǒ), a white vegetable dumpling with savoury sauce.
  • Teochew Fish Porridge, rice porridge with sliced fish meat, spring onions and other additions
  • Vegetarian bee hoon (斋米粉 zhāi mǐ fěn), thin braised rice vermicelli to which a choice of various gluten, vegetable, or tofu-based delicacies may be added.
  • Yong tao foo (酿豆腐 niáng dòu fǔ), a variety of vegetables stuffed with fish and meat paste cooked in a light ikan bilis-based soup. May also be eaten "dry" with sweet bean and chili sauces.
  • Otak-otak is a fish cake grilled in a banana leaf wrapping. The town of Muar is famous for it but also available in Batu Pahat.

Night Market (Pasar Malam)

Besides, local "pasar malam" or night markets are held in residential areas with petty traders setting up stalls, selling all sorts of food and daily necessities with very cheap prices. These night markets are held every night in different places with a rotation schedule of a week.

Day Location
Sunday Taman Nira 尼拉花园
Monday Taman Bukit Pasir 白沙孚花园
Tuesday Taman Soga 苏雅花园
Wednesday Taman Bukit Perdana 龙华山庄
Thursday Jalan Omar (former Bus Stand)
Friday Square One
Saturday Kampung Kenangan Dato Onn

Hospital/Medicare Centre

Pantai Specialist Hospital Batu Pahat

There are government owned and private owned hospital and medicare centres:

1. Hospital Batu Pahat (at Jalan Korma,Taman Soga)

2. Putra Specialist Hospital 布特拉专科私人医院 (at Jalan Peserai)

3. Pantai Specialist Hospital 班台专科私人医院 (at Taman Koperasi Bahagia)

4. Klinik Kesihatan Batu Pahat (at Jalan Kluang, but because of renovation, temporarily at Taman Flora Utama)

Economy

Batu Pahat has Johor's second largest manufacturing industrial city; encompassing textiles, electronics, food-processing, timber, porcelain and plastic industry. It produces 50% of the textile exported from Malaysia and there are about 300 garment and textile factories.

There are several industrial zones including Tongkang Pecah, Parit Raja and Sri Gading. Private industrial zones include Sri Sulong, Lian Aik and Buditama, ranging from 20 acres (81,000 m2) to 200 acres (0.81 km2). Foreign investments include Sharp Roxy, Sony, Fujitsu , Hitachi and Mitsumi. There over 20 public listed companies, including: Harta Packaging, PCCS, Baneng Holdings, S&P, Sharp Roxy, Ramatex, Southex, Prolexus, Fujitsu, Hitachi , Yong Tai, Hwa Tai, AE, Kia Lim, Kayu Wangi, Hup Seng, Xiang Leng 祥龙, Magnum, SKP, SPI Plastics, BP Plastics, Cheng Yap Sdn. Bhd. and Fast Track Solutions Bhd.

Education

Educational institutions in Batu Pahat encompass primary to tertiary education. There are 101 national primary schools whose medium of instruction is Malay language and 38 Chinese primary schools. In Batu Pahat, there are 24 national secondary schools, 3 independent Chinese secondary schools and a vocational school. Among some of the secondary schools in Batu Pahat are:

High School Batu Pahat, HSBP or STBP

SMK Tinggi Batu Pahat 高级中学 (High School Batu Pahat, HSBP)

Chinese High School 华仁中学

• SMK Convent

• SMK Dato Syed Esa (formerly called SMK Jalan Kolam Air)

• SMK Temenggong Ibrahim (Temenggong Ibrahim Girls' School)

• SMK Munshi Sulaiman

• SMK Dato Bentara Luar [3]

SMK Datin Onn Jaafar [4]

• SMK Tun Aminah

• SM Teknik

For tertiary education, there are two polytechnics, one university (Tun Hussein Onn University of Malaysia[5], UTHM) and one teachers' training college.

Agriculture is another important source of income for the locals. Batu Pahat has some of the largest rubber, oil palm, coconut and cocoa plantations in Johor. Fruit produce such as watermelons, papayas, bananas, pineapples, durians and 20 varieties of vegetables are exported. There are also several fishing villages near the Straits of Malacca, providing rich sources of fisheries. Ornamental fish such as the arowana are major exports for some companies such as Xiang Leng [6].

==Transport==Bold text

Batu Pahat is served by land transport, both locally and intercity. A new ferry terminal is located at Minyak Beku, servicing the Indonesia ports of Tanjung Balai, Bangkalis and Batam.

List of Bus Service In Bandar Penggaram

Johore Motor Bus Co Sdn Bhd,

Costal Omnibus Co Sdn Bhd,

Syarikat Mayang Sari Sdn.Bhd ,

Syarikat Pengangkutan Maju Bhd [[7]]

Syarikat Tanjau Jaya Melayu Sdn. Bhd ,

Syarikat Causeway Link Sdn.Bhd (Handal Ceria)

Syarikat Intra Desa Sdn.Bhd (Jejak Ceria)

S&S Internasional (Coming soon go to Kluang)

City Liner (KTB GROUP - Coming soon go to Air Hitam, Muar & Parit Sulong)

  List of Express Bus Service From Batu Pahat

Transnasional Ekspress Sdn Bhd (KTB GROUP)

KKKL Express Sdn Bhd (Trans Lim & Terus Nanti)

Hasry Express Sdn Bhd

SKS-KL Sdn Bhd (KTB GROUP)

Orchid Express (Absomas Sdn Bhd)

SE Super (Subsidiary Wawasan Sutera & Seranas Bus)

Cepat Express Sdn Bhd

Causeway Link Express (Handal Indah)

S&S Internasional Sdn Bhd

707 Travel Group

SP Bumi Sdn Bhd

Express Bus will operate

Syarikat Pengangkutan Maju Bhd (Will go to Johore Bahru, Pontian, Kuala Lumpur, Perak, Thailand & Terengganu)

JCSB Express (Susidiary Jejak Ceria Sdn Bhd, will go to Kluang & Pontian)

Delima Express (Partner of Hasry Sdn Bhd, will go to Malacca & Singapore)

Plusliner & Nice (KTB GROUP - Not cofirmed, maybe will go to Penang & Singapore)

Nature and wildlife

Batu Pahat is a sanctuary for the endangered Lesser Adjutant Stork (Leptoptilos javanicus). Known locally as burung botak or bald bird, this migratory bird belongs to the ciconidae family. The current population in Peninsular Malaysia is estimated to be less than 250. These giant birds, which can be as tall as a man, have attracted many curious residents and nature lovers to Taman Parit Labis in the evenings for bird-watching sessions. The housing estate, which is sandwiched between a rapidly developing town and the fringe of a secondary forest, has now become the best viewing spot for the bird.

Religious activities

A unique Chinese temple located at Bukit Pasir - "Jian Nan Temple". There are two majestic mosques in Batu Pahat - Masjid Jamek and Masjid Batu Pahat. Batu Pahat also has over 40 Chinese temples, a reflection of its racial harmony. Very often, we can see busloads of Singapore tourists visiting these temples and this has become part of the income for the locals. There is a strong belief that good luck is bestowed on the prayers and they do come back very often. Some of these temples are beautifully renovated and thus have also become a tourist attraction.

Churches

Gereja Grace Batu Pahat
57, Jalan Ledang, Taman Bandar
[English Service: 8.30am]
[Vietnamese Service: 11.00am]
[Bahasa Service: 1.00pm]
[Nepali Service]
[Youth Fellowship: 4.00pm to 6.00pm]
[Children Sunday School: 4.00pm to 6.00pm]

Ern Tien Presbyterian Church
57, Jalan Ledang, Taman Bandar
[Chinese Service: 11.00am]

Saving Grace Presbyterian Church
Jalan Mohd Akil
[Chinese Service]

St Henry Catholic Church
Sunday Mass

Berean Assemblies of God
Taman Flora
[English Service: Saturday evening]

Church of Christ

Notable people from Batu Pahat

Dato Onn Ja'afar - the founder of UMNO in 1946 once resided in Sri Gading

Tun Hussein Onn - the third Prime Minister of Malaysia, son of Dato Onn Ja'afar

•Dato' Seri Hishammuddin Hussein- former Minister of Education, son of Tun Hussein Onn

Chua Soi Lek - former Minister of Health, Malaysia, formerly the Deputy President of MCA

•Teng Chang Khim - current Speaker of Selangor State Legislative Assembly

Lim Kit Siang - MP of Ipoh Timur, former Opposition Leader

•Teo Nie Ching - MP of Serdang

•Tony Pua - MP of Petaling Utara

•Syed Husin Ali - Vice President of PKR

.Tan Vee Ee


Lim Guan Eng - Chief Minister of Penang, son of Lim Kit Siang

See also

External links


  1. REDIRECT Template:Infobox districts of Malaysian states


Batu Pahat is a district in the state of Johor, Malaysia. It lies south-east of Muar, south-west of Kluang, north-west of Pontian, and south of Segamat and the new Ledang district. The capital of the district is Bandar Penggaram,Batu Pahat.

Geography

The capital of the district Bandar Penggaram,Batu Pahat is located at 1°51′N 102°56′E / 1.85°N 102.933°E / 1.85; 102.933. It is 239 km from Kuala Lumpur. Next nearest town is Muar which is 50 km northwest of Batu Pahat. The town of Kluang is located about 52 km to the northeast. Johor Baru is located about 70 to 100 km to the south east of the town.

The district itself borders the district of Segamat and Ledang to the north, Kluang to the east, Muar to the west and shares a border in the southeast with the district of Pontian. The coast of the Straits of Melaka lies to the south.

Origin

The name Batu Pahat means 'chiseled rock' in Malay. The origin of this name can be traced back to a legend in the 15th century; when the invading Siamese troops were chiselling rocks at a rocky spot in the coastal village of Kampung Minyak Beku, in hope to get fresh water during their retreat. They were being chased by the Melaka troops, being led by Tun Perak, the famous Bendahara (Prime Minister) of the Malacca Empire. In fact, in around 1456, the Siamese army was led by Admiral Awi Di Chu camped in Batu Pahat before attacking Malacca. [1] Another story goes like this - after capturing Melaka, the Portuguese built a fortress - "A Famosa" of granite rocks taken from the mouth of Sungai Batu Pahat. The town acquired its name, which means "Chiselled Stone" from the quarries near the estuary.[2] Renowned for its salted fish in the past, Batu Pahat was formerly known as Bandar Penggaram, which means town of salt-makers. In 1893, the present township was founded by Dato' Bentara Luar, Mohamed Salleh bin Perang, acting on the orders of the Sultan of Johor, Sultan Abu Bakar.[3]

Today, the ancient well can still be found in Minyak Beku, though little was done to maintain this ancient landmark which gives name to the town. For the town's centennial celebration in the early 90's, a quaint monument depicting a 'floating hand chiselling a rock' was set up in the town square. It became the landmark of the town instantaneously. Currently, the newly refurbished town square is popular with locals to chill out on weekend nights and also provides as a venue for many public festive celebrations.

Bandar Penggaram,Batu Pahat is growing rapidly and has now developed to become the second major town in Johor state after Johor Bahru.

Subdivisions and administration

The district (daerah) is further divided into mukim-mukim (pl.) or subdistricts. The subdistricts are designated with a number (Mukim 1 until 12,17 and 18):

  1. Lubok (Mukim I)
  2. Bagan (Mukim II)
  3. Peserai (Mukim III)
  4. Simpang Kiri (Mukim IV)
  5. Simpang Kanan (Mukim V)
  6. Linau (Mukim VI)
  7. Tanjung Semberong (Mukim VII)
  8. Sri Gading (Mukim VIII)
  9. Minyak Beku (Mukim IX)
  10. Kampung Bahru (Mukim X)
  11. Sungai Punggor (Mukim XI)
  12. Sungai Kluang (Mukim XII)
  13. Chaah Bahru (Mukim XVII)
  14. Sri Medan (Mukim XVIII)

Bandar Penggaram,Batu Pahat is administered by Majlis Perbandaran Batu Pahat or Batu Pahat Municipal Council which was upgraded from the previous District Council (Majlis Daerah Batu Pahat Barat)on 9 June 2001 while Yong Peng is administered by Majlis Daerah Yong Peng or Yong Peng District Council which previous named Majlis Daerah Batu Pahat Timur.

Batu Pahat district has 525 gazetted villages (kampung-kampung pl.) and village-clusters (kampung rangkaian) where smaller villages were annexed to their bigger immediate neighbours for the purpose of administration. The villages are represented by Ketua-Ketua Kampung (village heads), answering to the Penghulu (subdistrict chief) administering the mukim. The mukim itself however is under the jurisdiction of the District Officer or Pegawai Daerah. The district office of Batu Pahat also have five district engineers (Jurutera Daerah) to oversee all the subdistricts.

Growth in small and medium industries such as textiles, garments and electronics helped to boost development, and Batu Pahat was upgraded to town status (Majlis Perbandaran) in 2001, alongside Muar, Kluang and Skudai. As of 2008, the government does not have any plans to upgrade Batu Pahat to a city status (Majlis Bandaraya).

Towns

Demographics

whole district of Batu Pahat has a population of about 538 880 local residents.The most populated mukim is Simpang Kanan with more than 200,000 people and the least populated is Bagan with a population of only 4,692.

Economy

Batu Pahat has Johor's second largest manufacturing industry; encompassing textiles, electronics, food-processing, timber, porcelain and plastic industry. It produces 50% of the textile exported from Malaysia and there are about 300 garment and textile factories. There are several industrial zones including Tongkang Pecah, Parit Raja and Sri Gading. Private industrial zones include Sri Sulong, Lian Aik and Buditama, ranging from 20 acres (81,000 m2) to 200 acres (0.81 km2). Foreign investments include Sharp Roxy, Sony, Fujitsu , Hitachi and Mitsumi. There over 20 public listed companies, including: Harta Packaging, PCCS, Baneng Holdings, S&P, Sharp Roxy, Ramatex, Southex, Prolexus, Fujitsu, Hitachi , Yong Tai, Hwa Tai, AE, Kia Lim, Kayu Wangi, Hup Seng, Xiang Leng, Magnum, SKP, SPI Plastics, BP Plastics, Cheng Yap Sdn. Bhd.and Fast Track Solutions Bhd.

Agriculture is another important source of income for the locals. Batu Pahat has some of the largest rubber, oil palm, coconut and cocoa plantations in Johor. Fruit produce such as water-melons, papayas, bananas, pineapples and durians and 20 varieties of vegetables are being exported. Besides, there are several fishing villages near the Straits of Malacca, providing rich sources of fisheries. Ornamental fishes such as the Arowana are some of the major export from some companies such as Xiang Leng.

See also

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Batu Pahat article)

From Wikitravel

Batu Pahat is in Johor.

Get in

By bus

Intercity buses from other towns and cities e.g. Johor Bahru travel to and from Batu Pahat. There are also outstation taxis from here to other towns in the state.

By car

Exit the North-South Expressway (PLUS) via Air Hitam/Yong Peng (if coming from the south) or Tangkak/Pagoh (if coming from the north) and follow the signs to Batu Pahat.

Average journey times (via Expressway):

By train

Unfortunately there is no local train station. The nearest train station is in the nearby town of Kluang.

Get around

By car

The best way to get around is by car or taxi. There are several one-way roads so be wary and keep a look out for the roadsigns.

By bus

The main local bus terminal is in the town centre next to the intercity bus terminal. Stage buses take you to the surrounding suburbs and are fairly cheap.

See

Check out the famous Batu Pahat roundabout with the 100 year old tree.

  • Tasik Y

Man made recreation lake very popular with the locals. The nearby park is filled with locals relaxing and exercising

  • Dataran Penggaram

The showpiece of the city with it's unmistakable landmark (hammer, chisel and stone). The surrounding recreational park is also very popular with the locals. Easily seen from the mainroad of Jalan Rahmat, opposite the main Police Station.

  • Wet World

Built around the town's famous Merdeka Lake, the waterpark spreads over a 44-acre landscaped park. It is located on the outskirts of the town centre (about 20 mins drive). It is the only waterpark in Johor. Opening hours: Weekdays - 1pm to 7pm Weekends, public & school holidays - 10am to 7pm. Closed on Tuesdays except for public & school holidays.

Admission: Weekdays & Weekends - RM1O (adult) & RM5 (child). Child rate applies for children aged 3 -12 years.

Facilities: Fast food outlet, gift shop, car park

Information: Tel: 607-434 6060 Fax: 607-433 6161 E-mail: ww2020@pd.jaring.my

  • Minyak Beku. a sea side with a lighthouse nearby. you can enjoy the sea breeze and taste some tea or coffee at the "warung" (coffee house in Malay). There is a water well near the sea side. According to the elder people, the name of "Batu Pahat" are originate from this well, where the Troop from Thailand has created a water well within rocks at the sea side.  edit

Buy

Batu Pahat city is one shopping paradise which offers more value for your money, compared to other cities in Malaysia due to its lower cost of living.

  • The Summit 高峰百利广场

- A shopping complex, established in 1996, is popular among townfolks and also attracting Singaporean tourists for a stop-over shopping day tour on the weekends. Batu Pahat city 1st cinema company, GSC cinema is operated inside the shopping mall. Now the management of The Summit plans to build a 10 storey new wing for this shopping mall to compete with others new shopping mall which they set their business rapidly through out this 2 years.

  • Carrefour 家乐福霸级市场

- In September 2006, the French retail giant Carrefour invested a total of RM90 million to set up its latest chain of hypermarkets in Taman Flora Utama. This is the second Carrefour to be built in Johor, and the tenth in Malaysia.

  • Square One Shopping Mall

- The Taman Flora Utama township grown rapidly and a new shopping mall, Square One is just beside Carrefour will be opened in coming December 2008. Batu Pahat city's 3rd cinema company, 2nd cineplex (biggest in Batu Pahat), MBO cinemaplex will operate inside the shopping mall. There are 8 theatres in the cineplex.

  • Parkson

- Inside Square One Shopping Mall.

  • One Stop

- Located at Jalan Rahmat, Jalan Jenang and Taman Bukit Pasir.

  • McDonald Drive Thru

- Batu Pahat's first McDonald Drive Thru Restaurant was opened in 1 December 2008.

  • Batu Pahat Mall 峇株巴辖广场

- In January 2007, Batu Pahat Mall, a new hypermarket retail development, opened along the now burgeoning Jalan Kluang. This raised the profile of the surrounding area from a once squalid area of workshops, textile and apparel manufacturing to that of a commercial and retail area 4km away from the city centre. Batu Pahat city 2nd cinema company, 1st cineplex, Big Box cineplex is operated inside the shopping mall since December 2008. There are 7 theaters in the cineplex!

  • The Store Supermarket 环球百货购物中心

- Located at Jalan Rugayah and in The Summit.

  • Pacific Hypermarket 太平洋霸级市场

- Located in Batu Pahat Mall.

  • Farson Supermarket 发盛百货购物中心

- Located at Jalan Rugayah.

  • Jusco (proposed)
  • Tesco (proposed)
  • Pasar Malam

These famous night markets are a must to any visitor. Every night, stalls are set up along a small road selling all sorts from food, clothes, toys and shoes. The markets take place at a different location every day on a rotating basis.

Day Location
Sunday Taman Nira 尼拉花园
Monday Taman Bukit Pasir 白沙孚花园
Tuesday Taman Soga 苏雅花园
Wednesday Taman Bukit Perdana 龙华山庄
Thursday Jalan Omar (former Bus Stand)
Friday Taman Sri Jaya
Saturday Kampung Kenangan Dato Onn
  • Jalan Penggaram

Colonial shophouses famous for it's textile goods and goldsmiths. Bargain suitcases, luggages and travel bag can be purchased here.

Eat

Batu Pahat is fabulous for its food.

MALAY FOOD

1. Pisang goreng - only the original fried banana in batter along Jalan Tanjung Laboh. It's unique taste come out when mixed with their delicious blend of kicap pedas (soy sauce).

2. Nasi Bariani - seen all around Malaysia, the Nasi Bariani Batu Pahat originates from here. There are plentiful shops around Batu Pahat selling them but the best allegedly is located across the Batu Pahat bridge opposite Putra Hospital. Alas, commercialisation has cause the quality to deteriorate.

Coffee shops

1. There are a few coffee shops selling delicious teatime cakes, toasts, half-boiled eggs and desserts.

CHINESE FOOD

1. Ah See Wanton Noodles - very famous among the locals. Small little shophouse beside the OCBC Bank.

2. Glutton (Hai Kee) Square - the main hawker centre in Batu Pahat rivalling Petaling Jaya's SS2. It's located along the riverbanks next to the Batu Pahat jetty custom. Famous foods - fried oyster omelette, prawn cakes, ais kachang, sambal grilled stingray, steamboat, fried carrot cake, etc.

3. Minyak Beku swimming pool - not a swimming pool anymore but a restaurant specialising in seafood steamboat.

  • Hotel Carnival

- One of the first 3 star hotels.

  • Katerina Hotel

- 4 star hotel. More famous for the recent exploits of a local politician!

  • Landmark Hotel
  • Garden Hotel
  • Pelican Hotel
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