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Bay County, Michigan
Seal of Bay County, Michigan
Map of Michigan highlighting Bay County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the U.S. highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Seat Bay City
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

631 sq mi (1,634 km²)
444 sq mi (1,150 km²)
187 sq mi (484 km²), 29.59%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

110,157
249/sq mi (96/km²)
Founded February 17, 1857 [2]
Website www.co.bay.mi.us

Bay County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population was 110,157 with an estimate of 107,495 in 2008.[1] The county seat is Bay City[2]. Bay County is included in the Bay City Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Bay County was created in 1857 from portions of Midland County, Saginaw County, and Arenac County. Being only sparsely populated at that time, Arenac County government was unorganized and was attached to Saginaw County for administrative purposes. There was considerable opposition to the creation of Bay County from elected officials in both Saginaw and Midland counties. In 1854, a bill introduced to the state legislature to create Bay County was defeated by a small majority. In 1857, a new bill was introduced into the legislature. After initial opposition from the representatives of Saginaw and Midland counties, a compromise revision that would present the matter for ratification to the voters of "in said county" was passed by the legislature on February 17, 1857. The matter was put before all the voters of Saginaw and Midland counties and was soundly defeated. However, the population within the boundaries proposed for Bay County approved the measure. The bill passed by the legislature included phrasing, which was deliberately included by the Bay City lawyer Chester H. Freeman, that allowed Bay County to claim ratification. Under the act, the county was to become effective April 20, 1857. Residents of Bay County held elections for county officials in June 1857. However, Saginaw County did not recognize the organization of the new county government. In the winter of 1858, Freeman secured passage of a bill in the legislature that would have confirmed the organization of Bay County. But the bill was vetoed by the governor. However, a case that went before the Michigan Supreme Court in its May 1858 term settled the matter. In the case, a defendant was tried in a Saginaw County court, but filed a plea for abatement, claiming that the supposed offense was committed in Bay County and was not in the jurisdiction of the Saginaw County court. Freeman had represented the defendant and prepared arguments, but became incapacitated due to illness. At the request of Freeman's wife, Colonel William M. Fenton argued the case before the Michigan Supreme Court, with the result that Bay County was declared a fully organized county.[3]

In 1978, Bay County became the second Michigan county (after Oakland County) to adopt a County Executive form of government. Act 139 of 1973 provides for an optional unified form of county government under an appointed County Manager or an elected County Executive. With the County Executive, all departments of the county government that are not headed by a separate elected official (e.g. Treasurer, Clerk, Sheriff, etc.) are under the direction of the County Executive. The County Executive also has veto power over the motions and resolutions passed by the County Commission. Since the adoption of this form of government, Bay County has had three County Executives: Gary Majeske (R) (1979-1989), Kim Higgs (D) (1989-1993), and Thomas Hickner (D) (1993-Present).

Geography

  • According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 631 square miles (1,634 km²), of which, 444 square miles (1,151 km²) of it is land and 187 square miles (483 km²) of it (29.59%) is water.
  • The Saginaw River flows through Bay City while the Kawkawlin River drains much of the central portion of the county. The Pinconning River and Saganing Creek drain the northern portion. The Saginaw Bay of Lake Huron lies to the east, giving the county its name.
  • The Roman Catholic Diocese of Saginaw is the controlling regional body for the Catholic Church.[4]
  • I-75 and US 23, which are coterminus within the county, are the major north-south route. North of Bay City, M-13 follows a parallel route a few miles to the east. US 10 has its eastern terminus in Bay City. M-25, M-15, and M-84 enter Bay City from the east, southeast and southwest respectively and terminate in or near the city.
  • Bay County is considered to be part of the Flint/Tri-Cities region.

Highways

Interstates

US Highways

Michigan State Trunklines

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the 2000 census,[5] there were 110,157 people, 43,930 households, and 30,048 families residing in the county. The population density was 248 people per square mile (96/km²). There were 46,423 housing units at an average density of 104 per square mile (40/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.94% White, 1.26% Black or African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.23% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. 3.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 27.2% were of German, 20.6% Polish, 10.8% French, 6.8% Irish, 6.0% English and 5.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.5% spoke English and 2.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 43,930 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.70% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.60% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,646, and the median income for a family was $48,111. Males had a median income of $38,190 versus $23,879 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,698. About 6.70% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Bay County officials

(information as of February 2009)

County Board of Commissioners

9 members, elected from districts (8 Democrats, 1 Republicans)

District Commissioner Party Positions
1 Michael J. Duranczyk Democrat
2 Patrick H. Beson Democrat Chairman of County Commission
3 Vaughn J. Begick Republican
4 Dawn A. Klida Democrat
5 Ernie Krygier Democrat
6 Kim Coonan Democrat Chair of Human Services Committee
7 Brian K. Elder Democrat Chair of Ways & Means Committee
8 Eugene F. Gwizdala Democrat
9 Donald J. Tilley Democrat Chair of Personnel/Judicial Committee

Cities, villages, and townships

Townships

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 43°43′N 83°56′W / 43.72°N 83.94°W / 43.72; -83.94


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Bay County, Michigan
Seal of Bay County, Michigan
Map
File:Map of Michigan highlighting Bay County.png
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the USA highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded February 17,1857 [1]
Seat Bay City
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 29.59%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

110157
Website: www.co.bay.mi.us

Bay County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population was 110,157. The county seat is Bay City6. Bay County is included in the Bay City Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county was created by Michigan law as a fully organized county on April 20, 1857.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,634 km² (631 sq mi). 1,151 km² (444 sq mi) of it is land and 483 km² (187 sq mi) of it (29.59%) is water.

The Saginaw River flows through Bay City while the Kawkawlin River drains much of the central portion of the county. The Pinconning River and Saganing Creek drain the northern portion. The Saginaw Bay of Lake Huron lies to the east, giving the county its name. I-75 and US 23, which are coterminus within the county, are the major north-south route. North of Bay City, M-13 follows a parallel route a few miles to the east. US 10 has its eastern terminus in Bay City. M-25, M-15, and M-84 enter Bay City from the east, southeast and southwest respectively and terminate in or near the city.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 110,157 people, 43,930 households, and 30,048 families residing in the county. The population density was 96/km² (248/sq mi). There were 46,423 housing units at an average density of 40/km² (104/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 94.94% White, 1.26% Black or African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.23% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. 3.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 95.5% spoke English and 2.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 43,930 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.70% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.60% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,646, and the median income for a family was $48,111. Males had a median income of $38,190 versus $23,879 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,698. About 6.70% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Bay County Elected Officials

(information as of February 2007)

Cities, villages, and townships

Cities

Villages

none

Townships

Unincorporated communities

External links

Coordinates: 43°43′N 83°56′W / 43.72, -83.94

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Bay County, Michigan. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Bay County, MichiganRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Michigan  +
Short name Bay County  +

This article uses material from the "Bay County, Michigan" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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