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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bayan Ko (English: My Country) is one of the most recognizable patriotic songs in the Philippines that, because of its popularity, is sometimes assumed to be a folk song and the unofficial national anthem of the Philippines. It was originally written as a poem by José Corazón de Jesús in 1929, and set to music by Constancio de Guzman.


Brief history

Written as a protest song during the American occupation of the Philippines, it is often sung in protest rallies and demonstrations throughout Philippine history, notably during the funeral of Sen. Benigno Aquino, Jr. and the ensuing People Power Revolution where Freddie Aguilar led the crowd to sing the song's chorus.[1] It has also been re-arranged and recorded by different composers and singers, notably by Lucio San Pedro (National Artist for music) and Freddie Aguilar. Aguilar's cover is one of the most famous renditions of the song; an often overlooked detail is that the instrumental section of this version is actually another Filipino patriotic hymn: Pilipinas Kong Mahal.


In recent history

On August 1, 2009, the day of President Corazon Aquino's death, the quarant'ore vigil originally intended for the former president culminated in a noon Mass at the EDSA Shrine. This song was sung by the congregation as the recessional song.

On August 3, 2009, it was also sung by the crowds during the transfer of Pres. Aquino's remains from La Salle Green Hills to the Manila Cathedral.[2]

On August 5, 2009, at the final requiem mass for President Corazon Aquino, Lea Salonga sang Bayan Ko as the recessional song right before Aquino's cortege was brought out of the Manila Cathedral.[3] Outside, it was played by the military band as the truck carrying the former President's coffin headed out. It was sang one final time along with several religious hymns as Aquino's remains were being sealed in the tomb beside that of her husband at the Aquino mausoleum.

On October 25, 2009 (in Manila) and on October 28, 2009 (in Cebu), Libera gave rousing performances of Bayan Ko as encores to their first ever Philippine tour. The audience were so touched by the performance that sporadic applause could be heard throughout the song.[4]


Ang bayan kong Pilipinas,
Lupain ng ginto't bulaklak.
Pag-ibig ang sa kaniyang palad
Nag-alay ng ganda't dilag.
At sa kaniyang yumi at ganda,
Dayuhan ay nahalina.
Bayan ko, binihag ka,
Nasadlak sa dusa.

Ibon mang may layang lumipad,
kulungin mo at umiiyak!
Bayan pa kayang sakdal dilag,
Ang 'di magnasang makaalpas!
Pilipinas kong minumutya,
Pugad ng luha ko't dalita,
Aking adhika,
Makita kang sakdal laya!


Philippines, my country
Land of gold and flowers
With love in her palms
She offered beauty and splendor.
And for her refinement and beauty,
Foreigners were seduced.
My country, you were enslaved
Mired in suffering.

Even birds that are free to fly
Cage them and they will cry,
How much more for a country so beautiful
Would she not yearn to be free?
My Philippines that I treasure,
Cradle of my tears and misery,
My aspiration is,
To see you truly free!


  1. ^ Rodell, Paul A. (2001). Culture and Customs of the Philippines. Greenwood Publishing. p. 187. ISBN 0313304157. Retrieved 2008-04-05.  
  2. ^ 120,000 Show up for Cory -
  3. ^ Lea Salonga's 'Bayan Ko' rendition brings back mourners to EDSA '86 - GMANews.TV
  4. ^ Libera sings Bayan Ko -

External links


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