|— Municipality —|
Map of Nueva Vizcaya showing the location of Bayombong
|Region||Cagayan Valley (Region II)|
|- Mayor||John Severino G. Bagasao|
|- Total||136.00 km2 (52.5 sq mi)|
|- Density||400.1/km2 (1,036.3/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||2nd class|
|Population Census of Bayombong|
Bayombong is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Nueva Vizcaya, Philippines. It is the capital municipality of Nueva Vizcaya. According to the latest census, it has a population of 54,417 people in 10,693 households.
Bayombong is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.
Land Area – 15,197.58 hectares
The terrain is basically mountainous dominated by steep hills to mountainous encompassing an area of 36.44% of its total land area. Level to gently sloping is 32.03%, rolling to hilly is 8.09% while the remaining 23.44% are very steep mountains.
Bayombong is the seat of the Provincial Capitol of Nueva Vizcaya. The name Bayombong emanated from the Gaddang word “Bayongyong” which means confluence of a mighty river. It was said that a certain tribe arrived and tried to invade the place which caused the outbreak of the First Tribal War in the area. The site was renamed “Bayumbung” as a sign of the Gaddangs first victory in fighting for their private domains. It was in 1739 when Spanish Friars baptized the place “Bayumbung” which was later changed into Bayombong. Bayombong was formally founded on June 12, 1739 during the first mass celebration in the area which was officiated by Father Pedro Freire, at a makeshift chapel at the foot of the Bangan Hill.
Bayombong was administered by friars upon its founding. The considered founding fathers of Bayombong were the Gaddangs led by their leaders Ramon Cabauatan, Jacinto Gadingan, Vicente Saquing, Ignacio Abuag, Mariano Danao, Domingo Bayaua and certain Bincatan and Mamuric.
In 1754, the formal organization of the local government started. A Capital del Pueblo was appointed as the Chief Executive.
If India prides itself of the Taj Majal, the tomb of the favorite wife of an Indian King, and the Philippines boasts of Rizal Park, one of the best parks in the east, Bayombong offers its Provincial Capitol, a symbol of the noble aspirations, foresight and noble visions of its builder, the late Governor Patricio G. Dumlao.
Fourteen (14) years its founding in 1739, the town of Bayombong was administered by Friars. The major activities of the colonizers were Religion and Education. The year 1574 marked the beginning of the formal organization of the local government of Bayombong. With the appointment of a CAPITAN DEL PUEBLO as the chief executive of the town. In 1789, the title of the chief executive was changed to GOBERNADORCILLO. In 1893, the title was changed to CAPITAN MUNICIPAL. During the revolurionary government in 1896, the PRESIDENTE LOCAL was chief executive of the town but this was again changed to MAYOR in 1937 as per provision of the commonwealth Constitution.
The following were chief executives of Bayombong: CAPITAN DEL PUEBLO (Appointed) 1754-1765 Cutaran Galbay Tallat Malluduy Abbacan Nareg Maddalig Banayan Bincatan Gumangan Guzman
ALCALDE NATURALES (Elected) 1782-1787
Damiano Danao (First elected Alcalde of Bayombong) Domingo Cabauatan Marcelino Mangansat Vicente Saquing Domingo Bayaus Jacinto Gadingan Franciso Balunsat Vicente Calata
PRESIDENTE MUNICIPAL 3 Years Term
1900-1901 Jose Cutaran (Viva Vice) 1902-1903 Jose Cabauatan (Elected) 1904 Albert Beuecler (An American, appointed) 1905 Jose Cabuatan (Elected) 1906-1907 Albert Beuecler (Elected) 1908-1909 Jose Cabuatan 1910-1911 Wenceslao Valera 1912-1913 Vecente Cutaran 1914-1915 Casimiro Catriz 1916 Casimiro Catriz 1917-1918 Juan Sacdalan (Appointed in place of Catriz who was suspended due to gambling)
PRESIDENTE MUNICIPAL 3 Year Term
1919-1921 Pedro Ambatal 1922-1924 Cristobal Aquino 1925-1927 Victor Bobila 1928-1930 Victor Bobila (1928 the construction of Bayombong Central School) 1931-1933 Leoncio Garingan 1934-1936 Leoncio Garingan
1937-1939 Leoncio Garingan 1940-1941 Faustino Alejandro 1942-1943 Vicente Gauuan, Sr. Victor Bobila (Appointed) Jose Babaran (Appointed) Mariano de Fiesta (Appointed) 1945 Tomas Maddela I (Appointed Pcau) 1946 Dionisio Galicia (Appointed)
English, Filipino, Ilocano, Ifugao, Gaddang, Bontok
Scenic Spots :
The Capitol Park – It is considered as the "Luneta of the North". This 8-hectare park is carpeted with green grass and elegantly landscaped. It has a boating lagoon, fountain and wishing well, picnic huts and sports facilities. It also has painting murals depicting some significant legends, the indigenous tribes and major attractions of the province.
Bayombong Children's Park – located at the heart of the town and is a good playground of children. It is equipped with swings, slides, etc.
St. Dominic Cathedral – It is located at the heart of the town and it boasts of having the best sounding church bells in the country. The structure is made of bricks and rare church antiques.
The People’s Museum and Library – This two-storey historical building, where the provincial government was formerly seated, is now housing the Novo Vizcayano history and heritage.
Bangan Hill - A historic landmark and cultural treasure. It is the site of the annual "Stations of the Cross" staged by the local Catholic church during the Lenten season using live actors depicting the last moments leading to Jesus Christ's crucifixion. Also great for hiking enthusiasts.
Hotels/Lodging Houses :