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Bečej
Бечеј
Óbecse
—  Town  —

Coat of arms
Location of Bečej within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°37′N 20°02′E / 45.617°N 20.033°E / 45.617; 20.033
Country Serbia
District South Bačka
Settlements 5
Government
 - Mayor Péter Knézi
Area [1]
 - Municipality 487 km2 (188 sq mi)
Population (2002 census)[2]
 - Total 25,774
 - Municipality 40,987
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 21220
Area code +381 21
Car plates
Website www.becej.rs
The Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary Catholic Church
The Saint Anthony Padovanian Catholic Church
Serbian Orthodox Church.
Map of Bečej municipality

Bečej (Serbian: Бечеј or Bečej, Hungarian: Óbecse, Rusyn: Бечей, Croatian: Bečej, German: Altbetsche, Romanian: Becei) is a town and municipality located in the South Bačka District in Vojvodina, Serbia. The town has a population of 25,703, while Bečej municipality has 40,877 inhabitants.

Contents

History

Bečej was mentioned first during the Hungarian Kingdom in 1091 and later in 1238, in which is mentioned under Hungarian name Becse. In the 15th century (from 1419 to 1441) it was a possession of the Serbian despot Đurađ Branković. In the 17th century the settlement was populated by new colonists who ran away from the Turkish conquest, mainly by ethnic Serbs from the South. Between 1702 and 1751, the town belonged to the Tisa-Mureş section of the Habsburg Military Frontier. After the abolishment of this part of the Frontier in 1751, many Serbs that lived in the town emigrated to Russia (notably to New Serbia and Slavo-Serbia). To prevent this emigration, the Habsburg authorities formed autonomous District of Potisje with seat in Bečej. District of Potisje existed between 1751 and 1848. The three privilegies were given to the district in 1759, 1774 and 1800. First privilege of the District defined its autonomous status, while the second one allowed ethnic Hungarians to resettle in the district. In the following period many Hungarians resettled in Bečej and they replaced Serbs as a dominant nation in the town. According to the 1910 census, the population of Bečej municipality numbered 54,275 people, of whom 30,465 spoke Hungarian and 22,821 Serbian.

Since 1918, Bečej was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and subsequent South Slavic states. During the Hungarian Axis occupation, in the 1942 raid, 215 inhabitants of the town were murdered, of whom 111 were men, 72 women, 13 children, and 19 old people. By nationality, victims included 110 Jews, 102 Serbs, and 1 Hungarian. In the raid on 9 October 1944, about 500 inhabitants (mainly Hungarians, and Germans) of the town were murdered by Yugoslavian partisans. They also demolished the synagogue after the war. The town also had small ethnic German population, which was relocated from the area after World War II, as a consequence of the war events, and of a Serbian retribution.

Inhabited places

Bečej municipality includes the town of Bečej and the following villages:

Demographics (2002 census)

Bečej is an ethnically mixed town and municipality.

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Ethnic groups in the Bečej municipality

Settlements by ethnic majority

Settlements with a Hungarian ethnic majority are: Bačko Petrovo Selo (Hungarian: Péterréve) and Mileševo (Hungarian: Kutaspuszta and Drea). There is one settlement with a Serb ethnic majority: Radičević. Two settlements: Bečej (Hungarian: Óbecse) and Bačko Gradište (Hungarian: Bácsföldvár) are ethnically mixed, with the largest ethnic group there being the Hungarians.

Ethnic groups in the Bečej town

Languages in the Bečej municipality

Languages spoken in the Bečej municipality include:

Historical population of the town

  • 1961: 24,963
  • 1971: 26,722
  • 1981: 27,102
  • 1991: 26,634

Politics

2008 elections

Results of 2008 local elections in Bečej municipality: [1]

  1. Hungarian Coalition - Pásztor István - Sándor Pál - 6.366 votes- 29.63% - 13 seats
  2. Movement for Bečej - Dušan Jovanović - 3.859 votes- 22,22% - 8 seats
  3. For a European municipality of Bečej - Boris Tadić - Budislav Medurić - 3.646 votes- 16,97% - 7 seats
  4. Coalition "Serbian Unity for Bečej" - SRS - DSS - NS - Dragan Živkov Džaja - 3.236 votes- 15.06% - 6 seats
  5. Kao jedna kuća - Mint egy ház (As One Home) - Goran Sadžakov - 1.128 votes- 5.25% - 2 seats
  6. List "For Our Municipality" - Coalition of PUPS and CG "Successful People" - Milovanov Živko Braca - 756 votes- 3.25%
  7. Liberal Democratic Party - Old Bečej - New people - Čedomir Jovanović - 732 votes- 3.41%
  8. Movement for Turn-Over - Jovan Ječanski Jole - 673 votes- 3.13%
  9. Socialist Party of Serbia - Dr Zora Apić - 627 votes - 2.92%

Municipaly Assembly, counting 36 members, according to party's membership:

  • Movement for Bečej (Pokret za Bečej - PzB) - Dušan Jovanović - 8 delegates
  • Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians (Savez vojvođanskih Mađara - SVM) - 6 delegates
  • Serbian Radical Party (Srpska radikalna stranka - SRS) - 5 delegates
  • Democratic Fellowship of Vojvodina Hungarians (Demokratska zajednica vojvođanskih Mađara - DZVM)- 5 delegates
  • Democratic Party (Demokratska stranka - DS) - 4 delegates
  • As One Home (Kao jedna kuća - Mint egy ház) - 2 delegates
  • Democratic Party of Vojvodina Hungarians (Demokratska stranka vojvođanskih Mađara - DSVM)- 2 delegates
  • G17 Plus - 2 delegates
  • League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina (Liga socijaldemokrata Vojvodine - LSV) - 1 delegate
  • Democratic Party of Serbia (Demokratska stranka Srbije - DSS) - 1 delegate

Local Government consists of: Movement for Bečej, As One home, Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians, Democratic Party of Vojvodina Hungarians, League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina, Democratic Party and G17 Plus. Local Parliament's Speaker is Dušan Jovanović (PzB). Mayor is Péter Knézi (SVM), and his deputy is Budislav Medurić (DS). Members of Municipality Council are: György Ricz (SVM - Health and Social Work), István Acsai (SVM - Local Communities and Civil Organizations), Ilona Varnyú (DSVM - Education and Culture), Dušan Radivojević (PzB - Economy and Investment), András Boja (PzB - Agriculture), Marjan Radičević (G17 Plus - National Investment Plan), Endre Szabó (Kao jedna kuća - Implementation of Local Strategy for Enterpreneurship Development), Pál Sándor (LSV - Relations of National and Religious Communities) i Dragan Mesaroš (DS - Small and Medium Enterprises)

Notable people

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Bečej is twinned with:

See also

References

  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
  • Zvonimir Golubović, Racija u južnoj Bačkoj 1942. godine, Novi Sad, 1991.
  • Jovan Mirosavljević, Brevijar ulica Novog Sada 1745-2001, Novi Sad, 2002.

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. http://webrzs.statserb.sr.gov.yu/axd/Zip/OG2006webE.zip.  
  2. ^ (in Serbian) Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i Stanova 2002. Knjiga 1: Nacionalna ili etnička pripadnost po naseljima. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 2003. ISBN 86-84443-00-09.  

External links


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