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Beas river and mountains as seen from Van Vihar, Manali
The Beas River (Hindi: ब्यास, Punjabi: ਬਿਆਸ, Sanskrit: विपाशा) is the second easternmost of
the rivers of the Punjab, a tributary of Indus River. The river
rises in the Himalayas
in central Himachal Pradesh, India, and flows for some 470 km (290 miles)
to the Sutlej River in western Punjab state.
The river was also known as Arjikuja of the Vedas or Vipasa to the
ancient Indians and the Hyphasis to the Ancient Greeks
The present name Beas is thought to be a
corruption of the older name and original name Vipasha in Sanskrit. The river got this
name, Vi-pasha, the one who removed the bondage or
pasha in Sanskrit), according to a ancient texts, the
river was named after sage Vasistha. Vasistha, tried to end his life due
to the death of his 100 sons, by jumping into this river and tying
himself. But as soon as the sage fell into the river, all the knots
got untied and he did not die. The river is also referred to as
Vipasha in Himachal, especially by the scholars.
It is, that Beas is a misnomer for Vayasa (exchange of B with V and
always truncation of the last vowel is common in North Indian
languages) is named after Veda Vyasa, the presiding patron of the
river, he is said to have created it from its source lake, the Vyas
The Beas River marks the eastern-most border of Alexander's conquests in 326 BC.
The river begins at the Rohtang Pass in the state of Himachal
Pradesh, merging with the Sutlej at Harike
Pattan south of Amritsar
in Punjab, India via Mandi. The Sutlej continues into Pakistani
Punjab and joins the Chenab River at Uch to form the Panjnad River; the latter in turn joins
the Indus River at
Mithankot. The waters of
the Ravi, Beas (Vipasha) and Sutlej (also known as Shathadru)
rivers are allocated to India under the Indus
Waters Treaty between India and Pakistan.