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Beatrice Regina della Scala
Lady of Milan
Beatrice Regina della Scala and her husband Bernabò Visconti, painted c.1350 by an unknown artist
Beatrice Regina della Scala and her husband Bernabò Visconti, painted c.1350 by an unknown artist
Spouse Bernabò Visconti, Lord of Milan
Issue
Taddea Visconti
Viridis Visconti
Marco Visconti
Rodolfo Visconti, Lord of Parma
Ludovico Visconti
Carlo Visconti
Valentina Visconti
Caterina Visconti
Agnese Visconti
Antonia Visconti
Mastino Visconti
Maddalena Visconti
Aymonette Visconti
Anglesia Visconti
Giammastino Visconti
Lucia Visconti
Elisabetta Visconti
Noble family della Scala
Father Mastino II della Scala
Mother Taddea da Carrara
Born 1331
Died 18 June 1384

Beatrice Regina della Scala, Lady of Milan (1331- 18 June 1384) was an Italian noblewoman, a member of the Scaliger family of Northern Italy. She was the wife of Bernabò Visconti, and the mother of his seventeen legitimate children.

Family

Beatrice Regina was born in Verona in 1331,[1] the youngest child and only daughter of Mastino II della Scala and Taddea da Carrara. She had three older brothers, and five illegitimate half-siblings. Her father, who was a member of the Scaliger family of Northern Italy, was Lord of Verona, Vicenza, Brescia, Parma, and Lucca[1]. Her paternal grandparents were Alboino I della Scala and Beatrice, daughter of Gilberto III da Correggio of Parma. Her maternal grandparents were Jacopo I da Carrara and Anna Gradenigo, daughter of Pietro Gradenigo, Doge of Venice and Tommasina Morosini.

Marriage and children

On 27 September 1350 in Verona, Beatrice Regina was married to Bernabò Visconti, son of Stefano Visconti and Valentina Doria. She was nineteen years of age and he was twenty-seven. The marriage welded a powerful political alliance between Milan and Verona. He assumed power as Lord of Milan in 1354, henceforth, Beatrice Regina was styled as Lady of Milan.

Bernabò was a cruel and ruthless despot, and an implacable enemy of the Church. He seized the papal city of Bologna, rejected the Pope and his authority, confiscated ecclesiastical property, and forbade any of his subjects to have any dealings with the Curia. He was excommunicated as a heretic in 1363 by Pope Urban V, who preached crusade against him.[2] When Bernabò was in one of his frequent rages, only Beatrice Regina was able to approach him.[3]

Together Bernabò and Beatrice Regina had seventeen children:[3]

Bernabò fathered at least twelve illegitimate children by a variety of mistresses.

Beatrice Regina died on 18 June 1384 at the age of fifty-three years. She was buried in Milan. A year and a half later, her husband was deposed and later poisoned by his nephew and son-in-law Gian Galeazzo Visconti, who in 1395 became the first Duke of Milan.

References

  1. ^ a b Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Lords of Milan
  2. ^ Barbara W. Tuchman, A Distant Mirror, p.263
  3. ^ a b Tuchman, p.254
  • Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Lords of Milan
  • Barbara W. Tuchman, A Distant Mirror, Alfred A. Knopf Inc., New York, 1978
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Beatrice Regina della Scala
File:Bernabò e Beatrice .jpg
Beatrice Regina della Scala and her husband Bernabò Visconti, painted c.1350 by an unknown artist
Spouse(s) Bernabò Visconti, Lord of Milan
Issue
Taddea Visconti
Viridis Visconti
Marco Visconti
Rodolfo Visconti, Lord of Parma
Ludovico Visconti
Carlo Visconti
Valentina Visconti
Caterina Visconti
Agnese Visconti
Antonia Visconti
Mastino Visconti
Maddalena Visconti
Aymonette Visconti
Anglesia Visconti
Giammastino Visconti
Lucia Visconti
Elisabetta Visconti
Noble family della Scala
Father Mastino II della Scala
Mother Taddea da Carrara
Born 1331
Verona, Italy
Died 18 June 1384
Milan, Italy
Beatrice Regina della Scala (1331 – 18 June 1384) was an Italian noblewoman, a member of the Scaliger family of Northern Italy. She was the wife of Bernabò Visconti, Lord of Milan, and the mother of his seventeen legitimate children.

Family

Beatrice Regina was born in Verona in 1331,[1] the youngest child and only daughter of Mastino II della Scala and Taddea da Carrara. She had three older brothers, and five illegitimate half-siblings. Her father, who was a member of the Scaliger family of Northern Italy, was Lord of Verona, Vicenza, Brescia, Parma, and Lucca[1]. Her paternal grandparents were Alboino I della Scala and Beatrice, daughter of Gilberto III da Correggio of Parma, and her maternal grandparents were Jacopo I da Carrara and Anna Gradenigo, daughter of Pietro Gradenigo, Doge of Venice and Tommasina Morosini.

Marriage and issue

On 27 September 1350 in Verona, Beatrice Regina was married to Bernabò Visconti, son of Stefano Visconti and Valentina Doria. She was nineteen years of age and he was twenty-seven. The marriage welded a powerful political alliance between Milan and Verona. He assumed power as Lord of Milan in 1354, henceforth, Beatrice Regina was styled as Lady of Milan.

Bernabò was a cruel and ruthless despot, and an implacable enemy of the Church. He seized the papal city of Bologna, rejected the Pope and his authority, confiscated ecclesiastical property, and forbade any of his subjects to have any dealings with the Curia. He was excommunicated as a heretic in 1363 by Pope Urban V, who preached crusade against him.[2] When Bernabò was in one of his frequent rages, only Beatrice Regina was able to approach him.[3]

Together Bernabò and Beatrice Regina had seventeen children:[3]

Bernabò fathered at least twelve illegitimate children by a variety of mistresses.

Beatrice Regina died on 18 June 1384 at the age of fifty-three years. She was buried in Milan. A year and a half later, her husband was deposed and later poisoned by his nephew and son-in-law Gian Galeazzo Visconti, who in 1395 became the first Duke of Milan.

References

  1. ^ a b Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Lords of Milan
  2. ^ Barbara W. Tuchman, A Distant Mirror, p.263
  3. ^ a b Tuchman, p.254
  • Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Lords of Milan
  • Barbara W. Tuchman, A Distant Mirror, Alfred A. Knopf Inc., New York, 1978

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