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Beatrice of Naples
Queen consort of Hungary, Bohemia; Duchess of Austria (1486)
1st Consort reign
2nd Consort reign
1476-1490
1491-1502
Coronation 1 January 1478
Consort to Matthias Corvinus of Hungary
Vladislaus II of Hungary
Royal House House of Jagiellon
House of Trastámara
Father Ferdinand I of Naples
Mother Isabella of Taranto
Born 16 November 1457
Naples
Died 23 September 1508 (aged 50)
Naples

Beatrix of Naples (16 November 1457 – 23 September 1508) was the daughter of Ferdinand I of Naples and Isabella of Taranto. She was queen consort to both Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary so she was Queen of Hungary and Bohemia.[1]

Biography

Beatrice grew up at her father's court in Naples, she received a good education. Beatrice married Matthias in Hungary 22 December 1476, she was crowned Queen of Hungary ten days later.

In 1480, when an Ottoman fleet seized Otranto in the Kingdom of Naples, at the earnest solicitation of the pope he sent the Hungarian general, Balázs Magyar, to recover the fortress, which surrendered to him on 10 May 1481. Again in 1488, Matthias took Ancona under his protection for a while, occupying it with a Hungarian garrison.

Matthias died without any surviving issue even though he had been married three times, Beatrice being his third wife.

Beatrice married her second husband, Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary in 1491. This marriage was yet again childless, and Beatrice was in her early forties. They divorced around 1502 so that Vladislaus could marry Anne de Foix. Beatrice was sent back to her homeland of Naples where she died in 1508 aged fifty. Vladislaus and Anne had two children, Anna of Bohemia and Hungary and Louis II of Hungary.

Ancestors

Beatrice's ancestors in three generations
Beatrice of Naples Father:
Ferdinand I of Naples
Paternal Grandfather:
Alfonso V of Aragon
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Ferdinand I of Aragon
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Eleanor of Alburquerque
Paternal Grandmother:
Lucrezia d'Alagno
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Nicholas d'Alagno
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Covella Toraldo
Mother:
Isabella of Taranto
Maternal Grandfather:
Tristan de Clermont
Maternal Great-grandfather:
unknown
Maternal Great-grandmother:
unknown
Maternal Grandmother:
Catherine of Taranto
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Raimondo del Balzo Orsini
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Mary of Enghien

Sources

Beatrice of Naples
Born: 1457 Died: 1508
Royal titles
Preceded by
Catherine Podiebrad
Queen consort of Bohemia and Queen consort of Hungary
1476-1490
Succeeded by
Barbara of Brandenburg
Preceded by
Barbara of Brandenburg
Queen consort of Bohemia and Queen consort of Hungary
- 1508
Succeeded by
Anne de Foix
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Beatrice of Naples
Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia

File:Beatrix de Ná
Tenure 1476-1490
1491-1502
Coronation 1 January 1478
Spouse Matthias Corvinus of Hungary
Vladislaus II of Hungary
Issue
János Corvinus?
House House of Trastámara
Father Ferdinand I of Naples
Mother Isabella, Princess of Taranto
Born 16 November 1457
Naples
Died 23 September 1508 (aged 50)
Naples

Beatrice of Naples (16 November 1457 – 23 September 1508) was the daughter of Ferdinand I of Naples and Isabella of Taranto. She was queen consort to both Matthias Corvinus of Hungary and Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary so she was Queen of Hungary and Bohemia.[1]

Contents

Biography

Beatrice received a good education at her father's court in Naples. Beatrice was engaged in 1474 and married Matthias in Hungary 22 December 1476: she was crowned Queen of Hungary ten days later.

The marriage secured an alliance between Hungary and Naples: In 1480, when an Ottoman fleet seized Otranto in the Kingdom of Naples, at the earnest solicitation of the pope he sent the Hungarian general, Balázs Magyar, to recover the fortress, which surrendered to him on 10 May 1481. Again in 1488, Matthias took Ancona under his protection for a while, occupying it with a Hungarian garrison. Beatrice exerted some influence in the policy of Hungary. She also had a cultural importance by introducing the Italian renaissance in to the court of Hungary, an interest she shared with Matthew: she encouraged his work with the Bibliotheca Corviniana, build the palace Visegrad as a residence for the court, and create an Academy. She wished to participate in policy: in 1477, she accompanied Matthew during the invasion of Austria, and in 1479, she was present during the peace treaty between Matthew and Vladislav II. In 1479, their relationship became tense when Matthew awarded his illegitimate son John Corvinus with a fief and invited John's mother to court: he wished to have John acknowledged as heir, wished caused an conflict with Beatrice which was ongoing until 1490.

Matthias died without surviving issue from Beatrice being his third spouse. Matthias had a son named Janos Corvinus. Whose mother is questionable. Some claim that Beatrice had been with Matthias prior to their marriage and Janos had been born prior to their marriage. Others claim him as the child from a mistress Matthias had Burgess Barbara Edelpock but it seems highly unlikely that Matthias would have had this mistress when he was engaged and courting Beatrice of Naples. Upon his death in 1490, Beatrice managed to keep a power position by the support of the Hungarian nobility and continue as queen of Hungary by marriage to the next monarch. She presided as a royal representative at the parliament were the next king was elected, with the Hungarian crown placed at her side. It is believed she could not control Janos and was claimed illegitimate by her second husband but these claims all cannot be verfied nor can the be completely ignored.

Beatrice married her second husband, Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary in 1491. Beatrice had great support by the Hungarian nobility, and the nobility had demanded of Vladislav that he marry her. This marriage was yet again childless, and Beatrice was not expected to be fertile because of her age. Formally, the marriage was questioned, as her spouse was not granted as divorce from his frist wife by the pope. Her husband claimed, that he did not regard the marriage as legal, and that he had been forced to marry her against his will, and in 1493, a commission was issued to investigate. In 1500, the pope declared the marriage to be illegal, and Beatrice was forced to pay the costs of the trial. Beatrice returned to Naples, were she arived in 1501, and in 1502, Vladislaus could marry Anne de Foix. Beatrice died in Naples.

Ancestors

Beatrice's ancestors in three generations
Beatrice of Naples Father:
Ferdinand I of Naples
Paternal Grandfather:
Alfonso V of Aragon
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Ferdinand I of Aragon
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Eleanor of Alburquerque
Paternal Grandmother:
Lucrezia d'Alagno
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Nicholas d'Alagno
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Covella Toraldo
Mother:
Isabella of Taranto
Maternal Grandfather:
Tristan de Clermont
Maternal Great-grandfather:
unknown
Maternal Great-grandmother:
unknown
Maternal Grandmother:
Catherine of Taranto
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Raimondo del Balzo Orsini
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Mary of Enghien

Sources

References

  • J. Macek, Tři ženy krále Vladislava, Mladá fronta, Praha, 1991
  • kol. autorov, Encyklopédia Slovenska, Veda, Bratislava, 1977
Beatrice of Naples
House of Trastámara
Born: 1457 Died: 1508
Royal titles
Preceded by
Catherine Podiebrad
Queen consort of Bohemia and Queen consort of Hungary
1476–1490
Succeeded by
Barbara of Brandenburg
Preceded by
Barbara of Brandenburg
Queen consort of Bohemia and Queen consort of Hungary
1491–1500
Succeeded by
Anne de Foix

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