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Beatrix
Queen Beatrix in 2008
Queen of the Netherlands
Reign 30 April 1980 – present
(&0000000000000029.00000029 years, &0000000000000314.000000314 days)
Predecessor Juliana
Heir apparent Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange
Prime Ministers See list
Spouse Claus von Amsberg
m. 1966; dec. 2002
Issue
Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange
Prince Friso
Prince Constantijn
Full name
Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard
House House of Orange-Nassau
Father Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Mother Juliana of the Netherlands
Born 31 January 1938 (1938-01-31) (age 72)
Baarn, Netherlands
Religion Christian (Dutch Reformed Church)

Beatrix (Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard; born 31 January 1938) is the Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands comprising the Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, and Aruba. She is the first daughter of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld. She studied law at Leiden University. In 1966, she married Claus von Amsberg, with whom she had three children: Prince Willem-Alexander (born 1967), Prince Friso (born 1968), and Prince Constantijn (born 1969). When her mother Juliana abdicated on 30 April 1980, Beatrix succeeded her as Queen of the Netherlands. She was widowed in 2002. In 2008, the Queen's wealth was estimated at $300 million by Forbes.[1]

Contents

Early life

Beatrix as an infant with her mother Juliana in 1938

Princess Beatrix was born as Princess Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard of the Netherlands, of Orange-Nassau and of Lippe-Biesterfeld on 31 January 1938 at the Soestdijk Palace in Baarn, Netherlands. She is the eldest daughter of Crown Princess Juliana of the Netherlands and Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld.[2] Beatrix's five godparents are King Leopold III of the Belgians, Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, Princess Elisabeth zu Erbach-Schönberg, Duke Adolf Friedrich of Mecklenburg, and Countess Allene de Kotzebue.[3] When Beatrix was one year old, in 1939, her first sister Princess Irene was born.[2]

Princess Irene, Princess Margriet, and Princess Beatrix during World War II

When World War II broke out in the Netherlands in May 1940, the Dutch Royal Family fled to London, United Kingdom. One month later, Beatrix went to Ottawa, Canada with her mother Juliana and her sister Irene, while her father Bernhard and maternal grandmother Queen Wilhelmina remained in London.[2] The family lived at the Stornoway residence.[4] In thanks for the protection of her and her daughters, (then) Princess Juliana established the delivery of tulips to the Canadian government every spring, which are the centerpiece of the Canadian Tulip Festival. Her second sister Princess Margriet was born in 1943.[2] During their exile in Canada, Beatrix attended nursery and the primary school[5] Rockcliffe Park Public School.[6]

The family returned to the Netherlands on 2 August 1945. Beatrix went to the progressive primary school De Werkplaats in Bilthoven. Her third sister Princess Christina was born in 1947.[2] On 6 September 1948, her mother Juliana succeeded her grandmother Wilhelmina as Queen of the Netherlands, and Beatrix became the heir presumptive to the throne of the Netherlands at the age of ten.[citation needed]

Education

Princess Beatrix and Queen Juliana in 1960

In April 1950, Princess Beatrix entered the Incrementum, a part of Baarnsch Lyceum, where, in 1956, she passed her school-graduation examinations in the subjects of arts and classics.[7]

On 31 January 1956, Princess Beatrix celebrated her 18th birthday. From that date, under the Constitution of the Netherlands, she was entitled to assume the Royal Prerogative. At that time, her mother installed her in the Council of State.[citation needed]

The same year, at Leiden University her university studies began. In her first years at the university, she studied sociology, jurisprudence, economics, parliamentary history and constitutional law.[7] In the course of her studies she also attended lectures on the cultures of Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles, the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, international affairs, international law, history and European law.[citation needed]

The Princess also visited various European and international organisations in Geneva, Strasbourg, Paris, and Brussels. She was also an active member of the VVSL (Female Union for Students in Leiden), now called L.S.V.Minerva, after it had merged with the Leidsch Studenten Corps (which before then was male-only). In the summer of 1959, she passed her preliminary examination in law, and she obtained her law degree in July 1961.[7]

Political involvement and marriage


Dutch Royal Family
Coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg

HM the Queen *

Her appearance on the political scene was almost immediately marked by controversy. In 1965, Princess Beatrix became engaged to the German aristocrat Claus von Amsberg, a diplomat working for the German Foreign Office. Their marriage caused a massive protest during the wedding day in Amsterdam on 10 March 1966. Prince Claus had served in the Hitler Youth and the Wehrmacht and was, therefore, associated by a part of the Dutch population with German Nazism. Protests included such memorable slogans as "Claus 'raus!" (Claus out!) and "Mijn fiets terug" (Give me back my bike), a reference to the memory of occupying German soldiers confiscating Dutch bicycles. A smoke bomb was thrown at the wedding carriage by a group of Provos causing a violent street battle with the police. As time went on, however, Prince Claus became one of the most popular members of the Dutch monarchy and his 2002 death was widely mourned.

An even more violent riot occurred on 30 April 1980, during the investiture (sovereigns of the Netherlands are not crowned as such) of Queen Beatrix. Some people, including socialist squatters, used the occasion to protest against poor housing conditions in the Netherlands and against the monarchy in general, using the also memorable slogan "Geen woning; geen Kroning" (No house; no coronation). Clashes with the police and security forces turned brutal and violent. The latter event is reflected in contemporary Dutch literature in the books of A.F.Th. van der Heijden.

Queen Beatrix is a member of the Bilderberg Group [8] and an honorary member of the Club of Rome.[9]

Queen of the Netherlands

On 30 April 1980, Beatrix became Queen of the Netherlands when her mother abdicated. As Queen, Beatrix wields more power than most of Europe’s other reigning monarchs. In domestic matters, she has little political say; however, in international relations, the Queen has much more latitude. In 1994, the minister of Foreign Affairs conveyed in Parliament that a Dutch embassy in Jordan had been opened at her request.

Queen Beatrix and President Vladimir Putin during his state visit to the Netherlands in 2005

On 6 October 2002, the Queen's husband, Prince Claus died after a long illness. A year and a half later, her mother died after a long battle with senile dementia, while her father succumbed to cancer in December 2004.

Beatrix is rarely quoted directly in the press, since the government information service (Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst) makes it a condition of interviews that she may not be quoted. This policy was introduced shortly after her inauguration, reportedly to protect her from political complications that may arise from "off-the-cuff" remarks. It does not apply to her son Prince Willem-Alexander.

On 8 February 2005, Beatrix received a rare honorary doctorate from Leiden University, an honour the Queen does not usually accept. In her acceptance speech she reflected on the monarchy and her own 25 years as queen.[10] The speech was broadcast live.[11]

Queen Beatrix and Prince Willem-Alexander in the Golden Carriage in 2007

On 29 April and 30 April 2005, she celebrated the 25th anniversary of her reign. She was interviewed on Dutch television, was offered a concert on Dam Square in Amsterdam, and a celebration took place in The Hague, the country's seat of government.

On 30 April 2009 the Queen and the royal family were targeted in a car attack by a man called Karst Tates. Tates crashed his car into a parade in Apeldoorn, narrowly missing a bus carrying the Queen. Five people were killed initially; and two victims and the assailant Tates died later. Other victims of the crash are in a critical life threatening situation. One week after the attack another victim had succumbed to sustained injuries. The royal party were unharmed, but The Queen and members of her family saw the crash at close range and were visibly shaken. Within hours, Queen Beatrix made a rare televised address to express her shock and condolences. The man apparently told police he was deliberately targeting the royal family. He said he had recently become unemployed and was about to be evicted.[12] It is thought to be the first physical attack on Dutch royalty in modern times.

Personal wealth

In a 2009 Forbes website report, the Queen's wealth was estimated at $300 million.[13] Queen Juliana had sold the remaining royal palaces and had put the cultural assets (paintings, antiques, books, etc.) into non-personal trusts.

The royal palaces are the property of the Dutch state and given for the use of the reigning monarch;[14] While the House of Orange-Nassau possesses a large number of personal belongings, items such as paintings, historical artifacts and jewellery are usually associated with the performance of royal duties and/or the decoration of royal residences. As such, these items have a cultural significance beyond that of simple artworks and jewellery, and have therefore been placed in the hands of trusts: the House of Orange-Nassau Archives Trust and the House of Orange-Nassau Historic Collections Trust. Part of the collection is on permanent loan to Het Loo Palace Museum in Apeldoorn and the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.

The Crown Jewels, comprising the crown, orb and sceptre, Sword of State, royal banner, and ermine mantle have been placed in the Crown Property Trust. The trust also holds the items used on ceremonial occasions, such as the carriages, table silver, and dinner services. Placing these goods in the hands of a trust ensures that they will remain at the disposal of the monarch in perpetuity.[15] The Royal Archives house the personal archives of the royal family.[16] This includes books, photographs, and artworks, as well as the books of the House of Orange-Nassau and the music library. The library was begun in 1813, following the return of the Orange-Nassaus to the Netherlands. King William I allowed the Stadtholder's library to remain part of the Royal Library in The Hague. The library houses a collection of some 70,000 books, journals and brochures. The music library has 6,000 scores, going back to the mid 1700s.

Expenditure on the Royal House is governed by the Royal House Finances Act (1972). There are three categories of expenditure:

  • Allowances paid to the Queen, the Prince of Orange and Princess Máxima, totalling some €5.6 million in 2006.[17]
  • Official expenses incurred in the performance of official duties and included in the budget of the most relevant ministry. They will total some €22.5 million in 2006.
  • Other expenses relating to the management of the royal household. Under the Royal House Finances Act, they are not included in the budget of the royal household. They will total some €71.7 million in 2006.
Coat of arms of all the Lordships held by Queen Beatrix, displayed in the New Church in Amsterdam.

Titles and styles

Queen Beatrix's titles are: "Beatrix, by the Grace of God Queen of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, etc. etc. etc." The triple 'etc.' refers to the title Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld and the following titles formerly borne by the Queen. These being dormant titles, they are retained in the masculine form.

Royal styles of
Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands

Coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg

Reference style Her Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Ma'am

The Queen signs official documents "Beatrix" and is addressed as "Your Majesty" (Dutch: "Uwe Majesteit").[18] Queen Beatrix's mother, Queen Juliana, frowned upon this title. She preferred to be addressed as "Mevrouw", Dutch for "Madam". Queen Beatrix re-introduced the Royal Style of Majesty when addressing her.

Honors

Queen Beatrix is Grand Master of the Military Order of William (Militaire Willemsorde) and the other Dutch orders of merit. She is also the 975th Member and Lady of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, a Dame of the Order of the Elephant (Elefantordenen) and has received numerous other medals and decorations. Among them she is the 1,187th Dame of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Spain.

Arms

Issue

Name Birth Marriage
Date Spouse Issue
Prince Willem-Alexander 27 April 1967 2 February 2002 Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti Princess Catharina-Amalia
Princess Alexia
Princess Ariane
Prince Friso 25 September 1968 24 April 2004 Mabel Wisse Smit Countess Luana
Countess Zaria
Prince Constantijn 11 October 1969 19 May 2001 Laurentien Brinkhorst Countess Eloise
Count Claus-Casimir
Countess Leonore

Ancestry

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Patrilineal descent

Beatrix's patriline is the line from which she is descended in male line.

House of Lippe (claimed descent from Saxon kings)

  1. Hermann I of Lippe, 1071–1126
  2. Hermann II of Lippe, 1119–1160
  3. Bernhard II of Lippe, 1151–1224
  4. Hermann III of Lippe, 1175–1229
  5. Bernhard III of Lippe, 1197–1265
  6. Bernhard IV of Lippe, 1240–1275
  7. Simon I of Lippe, d. 1344
  8. Otto of Lippe, d. 1360
  9. Simon III of Lippe, d. 1410
  10. Bernhard VI of Lippe, 1366–1415
  11. Simon IV of Lippe, 1404–1429
  12. Bernhard VII of Lippe, 1429–1511
  13. Simon V, Count of Lippe, 1471–1536
  14. Bernhard VIII, Count of Lippe, 1527–1563
  15. Simon VI, Count of Lippe, 1554–1613
  16. Simon VII, Count of Lippe-Detmold, 1587–1627
  17. Jobst Herman, Count of Lippe-Sternberg, 1625–1678
  18. Rudolf Ferdinand, Count of Lippe-Sternberg-Schwalenberg, 1671–1736
  19. Friedrich, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld, 1706–1761
  20. Karl, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld, 1735–1810
  21. (Wilhelm) Ernst, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld, 1777–1840
  22. Julius Peter, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld, 1812–1884
  23. Ernst, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld, 1844–1905
  24. Bernhard, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld, 1872–1934
  25. Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, 1911–2004
Prime Ministers during the Queen's reign
Polity Prime Minister Start year End year
Aruba Henny Eman 1986 1989[20]
Nelson O. Oduber 1989 994
Henny Eman 1994 2001
Nelson O. Oduber 2001 2009
Mike Eman 2009 present
Netherlands Dries van Agt 1977 1982
Ruud Lubbers 1982 1994
Wim Kok 1994 2002
Jan Peter Balkenende 2002 present
Netherlands Antilles Dominico Martina 1979 1984
Maria Liberia Peters 1984 1986
Dominico Martina 1986 1988
Maria Liberia Peters 1988 1993
Susanne Camelia-Römer 1993
Alejandro Felippe Paula
Miguel Arcangel Pourier 1994 998
Susanne Camelia-Römer 1998 1999
Miguel Arcangel Pourier 1999 2002
Etienne Ys 2002 2003
Ben Komproe 2003
Mirna Louisa-Godett 2003 2004
Etienne Ys 2004 2006
Emily de Jongh-Elhage 2006 present

References

  1. ^ "The Top 15 Wealthiest Royals". Forbes.com. 2008-09-01. http://www.forbes.com/global/2008/0901/038.html. Retrieved 2010-03-05. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Youth. The Dutch Royal House. Retrieved on 2008-07-11.
  3. ^ De vijf peetouders van prinses Beatrix. The Memory of the Netherlands. Retrieved on 2008-07-11.
  4. ^ "CBC News". Cbc.ca. 2008-01-18. http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/royalty/. Retrieved 2010-03-05. 
  5. ^ Education. The Dutch Royal House. Retrieved on 2008-07-11.
  6. ^ "National Capital Commission". Canadascapital.gc.ca. http://www.canadascapital.gc.ca/bins/ncc_web_content_page.asp?cid=16297-16298-10118-10120&lang=1&bhcp=1. Retrieved 2010-03-05. 
  7. ^ a b c "Het Koninklijk Huis". Koninklijkhuis.nl. http://www.koninklijkhuis.nl/Wie_is_wie/H_M_de_Koningin/Studie. Retrieved 2010-03-05. 
  8. ^ "Bilderberg Meeting of 1997 Assembles". PR Newswire. 13 June 1997. http://www.prnewswire.de/cgi/release?id=42594. 
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ The complete text of the speech can be found at http://www.koninklijkhuis.nl/NL/nieuws/nieuws.html?Toespraken/2223.html
  11. ^ The complete broadcast is available at http://cgi.omroep.nl/cgi-bin/streams?/nos/nieuws/2005/februari/video/080205/beatrix_toespraak.wmv
  12. ^ NOS. "Koninklijke familie was doelwit (Royal family was the target) (Dutch)". http://www.nos.nl/nosjournaal/artikelen/2009/4/30/300409_persconferentie.html. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
  13. ^ "In Pictures: The World's Richest Royals". Forbes.com. 2007-08-30. http://www.forbes.com/2007/08/30/worlds-richest-royals-biz-royals07-cx_lk_0830royalintro_slide_15.html?thisSpeed=30000. Retrieved 2010-03-05. 
  14. ^ "Duth Royal House - Palaces and Immovable Property". http://www.koninklijkhuis.nl/english/content.jsp?objectid=13342. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  15. ^ "Dutch Royal House - Movable Property". http://www.koninklijkhuis.nl/english/content.jsp?objectid=13343. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  16. ^ "Dutch Royal House - Royal Archives". http://www.koninklijkhuis.nl/english/content.jsp?objectid=13380. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  17. ^ "Dutch Royal House - Allowances". http://www.koninklijkhuis.nl/english/content.jsp?objectid=13339. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  18. ^ "The Dutch Royal House; FAQ; "How should I address members of the Royal House?"". http://www.koninklijkhuis.nl/english/content.jsp?objectid=13853. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  19. ^ "Dutch Royal House - Coat of Arms and standard". http://www.koninklijkhuis.nl/english/content.jsp?objectid=13334. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  20. ^ Aruba received status aparte in 1986.

External links

Beatrix of the Netherlands
Cadet branch of the House of Lippe
Born: 31 January 1938
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Juliana
Queen of the Netherlands
30 April 1980–present
Incumbent
Heir:
Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange
Dutch royalty
Preceded by
Princess Juliana
later became Queen Juliana
Heir to the Dutch throne
as heiress presumptive
6 September 1948– 30 April 1980
Succeeded by
Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange
British royalty
Preceded by
Huberta Deuse
Line of succession to the British throne Succeeded by
Princess Catharina-Amalia of the Netherlands

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010
(Redirected to Beatrix van Oranje-Nassau (1938-) article)

From Familypedia

Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard van Oranje-Nassau
Birth January 31, 1938 in Baarn
Father: Bernhard zur Lippe-Biesterfeld (1911-2004)
Mother: Juliana van Oranje-Nassau (1909-2004)
Husband: Claus von Amsberg (1926-2002)
Wedding: March 1, 1966 in "Amsterdam"
Sex:
Edit facts
Wikipedia
(Deutsch): Beatrix (Niederlande)
(English): Beatrix of the Netherlands
(Français): Beatrix des Pays-Bas
(Frysk): Beatrix fan Nederlân
(Italiano): Beatrice dei Paesi Bassi
(日本語): ベアトリクス (オランダ女王)
(Nederlands): Beatrix der Nederlanden
(中文): 贝娅特丽克丝 (荷兰)
Edit Info

Beatrix, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Queen of the Netherlands

Contents

Children


Offspring of  Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard van Oranje-Nassau and Claus von Amsberg (1926-2002)
Name Birth Death
Willem-Alexander van Oranje-Nassau (1967) April 27, 1967 in Utrecht
Friso van Oranje-Nassau (1968-) 1968
Constantijn van Oranje-Nassau (1969-)
Edit facts

Siblings


Offspring of  Bernhard Leopold Friedrich Eberhard Julius Kurt Karl Gottfried zur Lippe-Biesterfeld and Juliana van Oranje-Nassau (1909-2004)
Name Birth Death
Beatrix van Oranje-Nassau (1938-) 31January1938
Irene van Oranje-Nassau (1939-)
Margriet van Oranje-Nassau (1943-)
Christina van Oranje-Nassau (1947-)
Edit facts

Family

Beatrix is related to all previous hereditary rulers of the Netherlands and to all royal families of Europe.

Gallery

Caption Caption Caption

Predicaten en adellijke titels

  • Koningin der Nederlanden
  • Prinses van Oranje-Nassau
  • Prinses van Lippe-Biesterfeld
  • Markiezin van Veere, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Markiezin van Vlissingen, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Gravin van Buren, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Gravin van Culemborg, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Gravin van Diez, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Gravin van Katzellenbogen, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Gravin van Leerdam, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Gravin van Spiegelberg, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Gravin van Vianden, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Burggravin van Antwerpen, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Barones van Arlay en Nozeroy
  • Barones van Beilstein, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Barones van Breda, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Barones van Cranendonk, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Barones van het Land van Cuijk, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Barones van Diest, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Barones van Eindhoven, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Barones van de stad Grave, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Barones van Herstal
  • Barones van Liesveld, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Barones van Warnelou(Warneton), vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Barones van IJsselstein, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Baarn, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Besançon
  • Vrouwe van Bredevoort, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Borculo, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Bütgenbach, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Dasburg, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Ter Eem, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Geertruidenberg, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Klundert, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Lichtenvoorde, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van 't Loo
  • Vrouwe van Heiloo, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Sint Maartensdijk, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Montfort, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Naaldwijk, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Niervaart
  • Vrouwe van Polanen, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Soest, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Sankt Vith, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Steenbergen, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Turnhout, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Willemstad, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Vrouwe van Zevenbergen, vanaf 30 april 1980
  • Erf- en vrijvrouwe van Ameland, vanaf 30 april 1980

See also

External links

References


Warning: Default sort key "Beatrix Van Oranje-Nassau (1938-)" overrides earlier default sort key "van Oranje-Nassau, Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard".

Citations and remarks

Contributors

 


This article uses material from the "Beatrix van Oranje-Nassau (1938-)" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Beatrix
Queen of the Netherlands

File:Koningin Beatrix in
Queen Beatrix during a visit in Vries (6 May 2008)
Reign 30 April 1980 – present (30 years)
Predecessor Juliana
Heir apparent Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange
Spouse Claus von Amsberg
Issue
Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange
Prince Johan-Friso
Prince Constantijn
Full name
Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard van Oranje-Nassau
House House of Orange-Nassau
Father Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Mother Juliana of the Netherlands
Born 31 January 1938 (1938-01-31) (age 73)
Soestdijk Palace, Baarn, Netherlands

Queen Beatrix is the Queen of the Netherlands. She was born on January 31, 1938. She was crowned on 30 April 1980. Her full name is Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, Princess van Oranje-Nassau, Princess van Lippe-Biesterfeld. She was married with Claus von Amsberg, who died in 2002. Her mother was Queen Juliana, and her father was Prince Bernhard. Her sons are Prince Willem-Alexander, Prince Johan-Friso and Prince Constantijn.

Ancestors

Beatrix of the Netherlandss ancestors in three generations
Beatrix of the Netherlands Father:
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Paternal Grandfather:
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Count Ernst of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Countess Caroline of Wartensleben
Paternal Grandmother:
Baroness Armgard of Sierstorpff-Cramm
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Baron Aschwin of Sierstorpff-Cramm
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Baroness Hedwig of Sierstorpff
Mother:
Juliana of the Netherlands
Maternal Grandfather:
Duke Hendrik of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
Maternal Grandmother:
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Maternal Great-grandfather:
William III of the Netherlands
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Princess Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont


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