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Coordinates: 36°22′09″S 146°41′47″E / 36.36918°S 146.69642°E / -36.36918; 146.69642

Beechworth Lunatic Asylum
Beechworth Asylum. Photo by John T Collins circa 1880
Geography
Location Beechworth,, Victoria, Australia
Organisation
Hospital type Specialist
Services
Emergency department Not Applicable
Beds 1200
Speciality Psychiatric
History
Founded 1867
Closed 1995
Links
Website None
Lists Hospitals in Australia
Other links List of Australian mental asylums

Beechworth Lunatic Asylum is a decommissioned psychiatric hospital located in Beechworth, a town of Victoria, Australia.

Contents

Ha-Ha Walls

Kewhaha.jpg

One of the distinctive features of both Kew Asylum and Beechworth Asylum is the use of a variation on Ha-Ha walls around the patients courtyards. These ha-has consisted of a trench, one side of which was vertical and faced with stone or bricks, the other side sloped and turfed. From the inside, the walls presented at tall face to patients, preventing them from escaping, while from outside the walls looked low so as not to suggest imprisonment[1].

Admission process

People could be admitted to the asylum as a lunatic patient by a number of means

  • At the request of a friend, relative or acquaintance, with medical certificates written by two medical practitioners. This method was amended by The Mental Health Act 1959 which stated a person could be admitted upon the recommendation of a medical practitioner who had examined the person. As soon as possible after admission the superintendent of the hospital was required to examine the patient and either approve the recommended admission or discharge the patient.
  • Any (lunatic) person found wandering at large or not under proper care and control could be brought before two justices who could order the person's removal to an asylum. The police were usually responsible for bringing the person before the two justices.
  • Any prisoner of the Crown thought to be a lunatic could be removed from a gaol to an asylum by order of the Chief Secretary.
  • Voluntary Boarders were those who requested that they be admitted for a mutually agreed period of time (from 1915 onwards).[2]

To be admitted, only two signatures were required. To be discharged, eight signatures were required, thus it was a lot harder to get out than to get in.

Current Uses

Currently buildings beside the Beechworth Lunatic Asylum are used as accommodation for tourists. Ghost tours are also held at the hospital.

See also

Beechworth Asylum. Photo circa 1867

References

  1. ^ ASAP 'Kew Lunatic Asylum' Historic Walk Brochure
  2. ^ PROV Series VPRS 7456 Admission Warants - Male and Female Patients Accessed 30/08/2008
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