|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Inscription||2006 (30th Session)|
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.
Behistun palace - mentioned as Khosrau II's palace by Kermanshah's people - located in Bisotun City, 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Kermanshah, Iran. It rests in front of the Behistun inscription, between Behistun mountain and the Behistun lake.
Just before the invasion of Iran by Arabs (about 1400 years ago) and in order to hide the palace and the treasury inside it from them, the palace was covered with soil and sand. It is believed that Farhad - Shirin’s lover whom she was married to Khosroparviz (Khosrau II) – in some stories he dug the Behistun mountain in order to reach to her love and in other stories was forced to dig the mountain by Khosroparviz (Khosrau II). There is a legend the palace that actually exists here is linked with the palace of taghe-bostan on the other side of the mountain. There is a pathway inside the mountain. Since The actual existence of the palace is put into silent this story remains a myth. Actually the only people that actually know about its existence are Kermanshah people and not all of them. There is actually a palace between the inscription and the lake, but nowadays its covered with sand. Now the question may arise that It’s just a story. I’m giving the facts and reasons for it:
1-Behistun was between ecbatana and Babylon two capitals of Babylonia and Ecbatana , a nice place to stay with fresh air and a beautiful lake (even these days). Wouldn’t kings and people like to stay in this place for a night? There were no planes or cars in those days so wouldn’t it be like they have to rest for a day ?.
2-In a legend by the book "shahname of ferdowsi" Shirin, khosroes wife was in the palace , so why did farhad(shirin's lover) dig this mountain?.in an article "The Shahnameh of Ferdowsi: An Icon to National Identity" by Dr Laina Farhat-Holzmanand it saids : Farhad seeks out the king and tells him he is in love with Queen Shirin. Khosrow Parviz is very taken by the youth's sincerity, but is not about to relinquish his wife. To put him off, he assigns him a seemingly impossible task: to carve his way through a distant mountain, which Farhad agrees to do. The artist sets forth, and spurred on by his love, nearly completes the work in just a few years.This mountain is believed to be bisotun and the cave is from bisotun palace to taghe bostan palace.This legend is an actual story in our peoples belief and culture, it’s not a legend.
3-Besides the palace surrounding it is a city. So we actually have a palace and city put into silence
4-In a site I checked 4 or 5 years ago it said the explorations of the palace was held by an archaeologist group and about 300 monuments were found. Shirins golden statue with wings was observed.
5-every ancient resort, city, place in Iran had a palace since this policy was followed by every king of Persia. Saljoughian has a resort in behistun which remains now.
6-Khosro parviz the ambitious and great king of Iran which has a palace in taghe-bostan (Kermanshah) that contains pictures of him while hunting. you may ask where the hunting took place. Actually about a kilometre from taghe-bostan there is a rectangular shape place ,which is formed of 3 to meters height of hills. Inside the rectangular place there was all kinds of animals like deer, wild boars,....the hills actually prevented the animals from escaping and providing khosroparviz a manoeuvre ability to ride his horse (shabdiz) and hunt the wild animals with his bow. The taghe-bostan inscription contains pictures of him hunting.
If you are still doubtful I’ll tell you more facts. actually I've seen some walls being in a safe condition that was actually covered with sand during months after the exploration. So if UNESCO wants to investigate there are evidences.